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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 20, 1950, Winona, Minnesota WARMER TONIGHT, SNOW SATURDAY BUY A WINTER CARNIVAL EMBLEM VOLUME 49, NO. 284 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-TWO PAGES U.S.-Bulgarian Break Threatened TODAY- Job Enough To 'Floor' Acheson By Josepb and Stewart Alsop Washington It is just a year since Dean Gooderham Acheson was sworn in as secretary of state of the United States. He has ready celebrated the anniversary, a little in advance, by routing hisj enemies on the Formosa issue. is still in order, however, to tryj to assess Acheson's performance In what is now perhaps, the most im- portant single office in the free world. The most obvious thing about Acheson is that he is outstanding. He was an outstanding public ser- vant in other times, when the com petition was more severe than it Is today. On the current Washington scene, as the stature of the sur- rounding crowd progressively dim- inishes, Acheson looms larger and ever larger. BUT ALTHOUGH DEAN ACHE- 80V has the intellectual power, the strong character and the personal and moral style of a big man, it is also true that his job might over- whelm a giant. No great foreign minister of the past, no William Pitt or John Qulncy Adams, ever had to deal with human societies grown so Insanely complex as to be almost uncontrollable. And even Acheson's Immediate predecessors, confronted though they were with world in ruins, labored in happier circumstances than he. It Is now very clear, in the first place, that President Truman made up his mind to a general slowdown in defense. foreign policy, about the time of his elec- toral victory in 1948. In part the motive was budgetary. In part, however, the President's carn- dislike of Secretary of Defense James V. Forrestal and Under Secretary of State Robert A. Lovett had also caused him to distrust their methods and coun- cils. FOR THESE REASONS, the ef- fort initiated by Forrestal and Lov- ett, by James P. Byrnes and George C. Marshall and Acheson himself, began to be materially relaxed at; the very moment when it was just beginning to succeed. The foreign! and defense slowdown confronted Achesoa when he entered on his office. In addition, the former close partnership between the State and Defense departments was soon re- placed, on the top level at least, by the guerrilla warfare typified by Louis Johnson's Formosa Inter- vention. The old, close collabora- tion of bipartisanship in foreign policy soon broke down, so that Acheson faced a hostile Congress. Even within the State department, he began to lose the help of cer- tain of the most experienced men Queen Muriel Crowns Queen Pat By Jack Bell Senator Elbert Thomas (D.-Utah) said today that if anybody builds a hydrogen atom- ic bomb this country ought to be the first. Thomas, a foreign relations com- mittee member who gives the Tru- man administration unwavering support, told a reporter he thinks 'it is morally wrong for the world to try to build such mass detrac- tion weapons. "But if anybody is going to build; a hydrogen bomb, we should build; he declared. "We are the nation which could built it without! Winona Queen of Snows Pat Roxek is shown as she receives the crown and robe from Miss Muriel Morris, queen of the carnival in 1849, while her attendants. Miss Donna Compton, left, and Miss Pat Helse, right, look on. Queen Pat, 18, sponsored by the Jaycees, was selected from 19 candidates last night and crowned at ceremonies at the Senior High school. She and her attendants will appear on the Winona Activity Group float in Saturday's parade and will be seated In a special box along with the district queen In Sun- day's ice show at Gabrych park. Republican-Herald photo Pat Rozek, 18, Named Queen Of Winter Fete By Hai Bly "Speechless. .hardly able to be- lieve Those were the only com- ments exhuberant Pat Rozek was able to make after being crowned Winona Queen of Snows for 1950. Queen Pat, an 18-year-old bru- nette, sponsored by the Jaycees was just a little nervous as she .walked from her place among the who advised his predecessors queen candidates to the cen- All this meant, in turn, that Ach-. stage ftt genlor v, T school auditorium last night uphill job in a state of almost symbolic crown and incredible loneliness and isolation. fc M9, Q Murlel The American effort might Morris down, but the tempo of world n Queen the big rush was over handclasps and congratu- decisions have crowded in upon Acheson, insistently, clamorously, confusingly. Yet he was and is called upon to make these deci- sions in solitude, alone to convince the President of the need for pain- ful, and even dangerous action. And alone to point the way for the! country. No man on earth couldj do nil this without long hesitation. NO WONDER, then, that Ache- son's first year has been a year in which the world horizon has nously darkened. There are items; on the plus side, of course. Euro-! pean recovery has progressed, The! No Parking Police Chief A. J. Binfrold to- day requested co-operation of motorists in keeping Saturday's parade route clear of parked cars. From 1 to p. m., parkins: will be prohibited on Third street from Liberty to Washington streets. Cars left there will be towed away and the driver charged for the tow- ing, he warned. Winter Carnival Program TODAY ___, .of out-of-town Snow Queens for District Queen of Snows contest. Arrival of out-of-town judges for District Queen contest. 5-30 p at Hotel Wiinona for Winona and out-of-town queens and judges. Judging of District Queen at Hotel Winona following dinner. p. Group clowns to entertain on Third street in downtown Winona. 8 p. of Snows ball at Cronen's band. All out-of-town queens to attend ball. District Queen and Winona Queen of Snows to be presented. SATURDAY 9 a. for out-of-town Queens. 10 a. of out-of-town parade units. for out-of-town Snow Queens. p. of St. Paul Winter Carnival King and Queen and Minneapolis Aqua Queen, p. Carnival parade. Skiing and tobogganing at Silver Slopes all afternoon. p. for out-of-town parade units at Winona Athletic club. at 9 p Wing Elksters to entertain at Elks club at 9 p. m. Eagles club at 10 p. m. and at the American Legion club at p. m. SUNDAY 7 to 11 a. at Winona Municipal airport for visiting flyers. Public also invited. of St. Paul and Rochester Ice Show units. p. Paul East Side Drum and Bugle corps at Gabrych park. 2 p annual ice show at Gabrych park with District and Winona Queen of Snows attending. at Silver Slopes all afternoon. Skiing and tobogganing of her many friends she il dlffl'ult to belleve new Miss queen Donna Acheson showed himself a brilliant; diplomat. Here at home, he just won a victory on Asiatic pol-! the first to icv. Yet the items on the plus side '.wishes to s China has been lost, and all ln has been brought, into peril. The, ToniSht Queen Pat Secretary of Defense Johnson. Soviet Union has achieved an atom-: (Continued on Pace 3, Column 5.) Members of the Senate armed services committee said tney nopeo. to ic bomb and has simultaneously! QUEEN l.brmg from their luncheon meeting with Johnson new facts on Denfeld s Senate Row Raging Over Denfeld Ouster By Edwin B. Haakinson involved in a bitter new row over the ouster of Admiral Louis E. Denfeld were invited to the Pentagon today Hour Parade Saturday on Third Street 9 Tonight the district snow queen will be crowned at the coronation ball at the armory. Saturday at p. m., the picturesque Winter Carnival parade will start down Third street. Sunday at 2 p. m., some of the fanciest figure skaters from Rochester, St. Paul and Winona will flash their blades at the Ice show at Gabrych park. These are the highlights of a fun-loaded program awaiting Wi- nonans and their guests at the city's 14th annual Winter Carnival which opened Thursday. Sentiment For Building H-Bomb Senator Thomas Feels Russians Will Attempt It Burns Kill Youth Building Stove Fire MerriKeld, Minn. Twelve- year-old Joseph Shinkle burned to death last .night while trying to build a fire in a stove at his farm home, six miles north of here. Joseph was alone in the house at the time, having just come home from Junior High school in Brain- erd. A flash of flame from the stove ignited his clothing. Joseph's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Edward Evans had been away briefly and returned home to find the house in -flames. The interior of the building was damaged heavily. NOTE DEMANDING RECALL OF ENVOY BRINGS PROTEST Message Termed Latest in Series Of Indignities Senate Group Asks Lewis to Testify On Coal Shortage The Senate from safest In our hands, world's standpoint." No Alternative Thomas's views seemed to coin- cide with high-level thinking with- in the Truman administration. There the prevailing opinion was reported favorable to the produc- tion of a superbomb possibly 000 times more powerful than the atomic bombs which fell on Japan during the war. The Utah senator, a former Mor- mon missionary, said he thinks this country has no long as it seems likely Washington cornrni the invite John L. Lewis to a resolution asking President Tru- man to Invoke the Taft-Hartley law to restore full coal production. Chairman Elbert D. Thomas (D.- Utah) said the United Mine Work- ers chief would be welcome to ap- pear next Wednesday "if he wants asking Mr. Tru- to be heard." The resolution so Russia' man to use the national emergency provisions of the Taft-Hartley law is sponsored by eight Republican senators, including Senator Taft co-author of the act. that mine workers are planning to worers can and may underteke the build- back ts to the mmers, on. ing of a similar weapon. welfare fund. A U.M.W. official of reasoning, although not many lawmakers were willing to talk publicly about an issue that has been surrounded by unusual secre- cy. This secrecy prevailed today as atomic commit- the Senate-House tee called ley, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, before it for testimony. First Tip Last October Amid speculation that Bradley would tell members about the mili- tary value and application of such a superbomb, Chairman McMahon a Vice-Presl- dent of the United Mine Workers, said the mine owners would like to gcad U.M.W. members into a walk- out. Their purpose, as he saw it: To build up the government's case (D.-Conn.) refused to talk at all to reporters about the subject. The committee got its first in- formation on the superbomb pro- Iposal last October. Some members __ have indicated they want a lot the f for an injunction against the union "'and to push President Truman into acting under the Taft-Hartley law. Reports that operators were plan- ning to skip their monthly royalty payment to the U.M.W. welfare fund were given support by an In- diana mine owner who said: "I ex- pect the refusal to pay to be 100 per cent in the Indiana district." This operator, who asked to re- main anonymous, said he didn't know, when asked if the new move might keep miners out of the pits. more before they decide what theirjretuse to wojk attitude toward the project will be. McMahon is reported to have told Atomic Energy commission of- ficials he thinks the project, on which experimental work already has begun, should be pushed with all possible speed. President Truman has the final say-so on whether the undertaking is to be given the full go-head. He declined comment at yesterday's White House news conference. Just now government agencies apparently are assembling all of the facts. The State department is soft a coal miners of the Washinston United States threatened today to break diplomatic relations with unless that communist Bulgaria country withdraws its demand for the recall of American Minister Donald R. Heath froai Sofia. An American note replying to the Bulgarian recall request was ordered delivered to the Bulgarian govern- ment in Sofia. It was also handed to Dr. Peter Voutov, ranking Bulgarian diplomat here. The. note described the demand for Heath's recall as simply the latest of a "series of indignities and restrictions" which have made It virtually impossible for the U. S. diplomatic mission in Sofia to carry on its duties. The American note added: "Accordingly, unless the Bulgarian government withdraws its note of January 19 and demonstrates its willingness to observe established international standards of conduct, the United States government must conclude that the Bulgarian govern- ment does not desire to maintain normal relations. "In these circumstances the United States government will be obliged to withdraw the United States diplomatic mission from Bul- garia and ask for the recall of the Bulgarian diplomatic mission from the United States." Those threatened actions of tha American government would con- stitute a break of c'Jplomatic rela- tions. The Bulgarian note of January 19 was the demand for Heath's ritoll. It was handed to the State depart- ment late yesterday by Dr. Voutov, the Bulgarian charge d'affaires here. Bulgaria and the TT. S. have been at odds since the Sofia government sprang up behind the iron curtain in early postwar days. The U. S. has backed several charges in tha United Nations that Bulgaria gave haven and support to guerrilla forces warring against Greece. The United States and Britain have charged that Bulgaria, Ro- But in between and around studying the possibility of major events are many other some new bid for Interna- tures that you'll not want to miss, tional atomic controls, thus far The city's festive spirit by Russian opposition to last night when comely Pat Rozek, international Inspection, College of Saint Teresa freshman, was chosen to rule over the Carni- val. And there'll be another thrilling coronation tonight at the armory during the Queen of Snows dance when the district queen is an- nounced. Jim Cronen's band will play for the ball which begins 3 p, m. Parade Saturday March of Dimes Goal 50 Million New York The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis Saturday all the kids in from two to line the down- town streets to see the always col- orful parade. Beautiful floats car- rying Carnival royalty and tops in feminine pulchritude from the dis- trict high-stepping majorettes visiting bands and drum corps sleek new limousines (Continued on Page 9, Column 6.) PARADE at is going out after in the March of Dimes, and has to get it. The president, Basil O'Conner, made that report to the trustees last night. He said the foundation's till is empty, after spending for care of polio victims of 1949. In 1950, he added, will be required just for care of last year's polio patients who still need treatment. And is required for polio sufferers still needing treat- ment from previous years. threatened operator action, it might force Mr. Truman to use the Taft- Hartley 80 day, emergency injunc- tion provision. Most of the miners are now on a three-day week order- ed by Lewis, but many are staying away from work entirely. It was disclosed last night that Lewis has been served with sum- monses In damage suits seeking nearly from him, the U.M.W. and other union officers. The suits were filed two weeks ago In Ohio by coal companies ask- ing compensation for tonnage losl through work stoppages. The action was taken under an Ohio law which permits payments of double dam- ages to parties who can prove in- jury by combinations which limit the production of coal or other commodities, or affect their price. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Cloudy to- night and Saturday with rising tern perature, becoming colder Satur day night. Light snow likely Sat- urday afternoon. Low tonight 12 high Saturday 30. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum 15; minimum, noon, 15; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 20. begrun to surmount almost everyj other major difficulty of the im- mense Russian rearmament pro- pram. In contrast, this country has; offered the world the extraordinary; spectacle of rapid though unadmit- ted disarmament, thus far more than negating ihe Atlantic pact. The British have suffered a tering economic crisis, and al-j though their situation is looking up> for the present, no firm steps havej taken to prevent another Brit-1 ish crisis in 12 to IS months. Final-} ly. the hydrosen bomb has hide-; o'usly emerged as a new factor in; world politics st.-ntegy. Such is a parual lisl of Dean Acheson's unfinished business. I The least of these problems can! lend to the severest setback in thej world contest with Soviet imperial-1 ism. Most of them, if left are quite capable of producing total j catastrophe. Yet Acheson must tryj to solve all of them, all at on his own, and despite the com-! placent general commitment to business-as-usual. In truth. Dean Achason is like! the only sober man on a raft of: drunken lumberjacks, whose bel- lowing of "Mademoiselle from Ar- mentieres" obscures the approach- Ing thunder of Niagara falls. Sun Prairie Youth, 16, Dead of Bullet Wound Sun Prairie. Wis. A 16- year-old boy died of a gunshot wound Thursday night at a card party held at the home of another youth whose parents were out of town. District Attorney Robert Ar- thur announced shortly after midnight that he would consid- er the death of Lauren Shultis an accident, pending a report from the state crime labora- tory. Shultis was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Royal Shultis, Sun Prairie. He was killed about p. m. by a .32 caliber pis- tol bullet in a Ijedrooro of a Sun Prairie home. After questioning the youths concerned all 16 years old said he was given this account of the incident: The boys met at the home of one whose parents are away on a trip to Arkansas. They played cards and had some soft drinks. The four boys were alone in the house. Later in the evening they upstairs to procure an- other card table. The son of the house owner went into a closet to get the table. While he was in the closet, Shultis found the caliber pistol in a dresser drawer. He took the weapon out of the drawer and held it, joking- ly, M his head. The host stepped out of the closet at this point, saw what was taking place and shouted, At that point the weapon dis- charged and Shultis crumpled to the floor. He was dead when county officials arrived on the scene. removal last fall as chief of naval operations. Senator McCarthy (R.-Wis.) who set off the latest flareup with a sharp attack on Secretary of the Navy Matthews is not a member of the committee. The group does include several Republicans who are strongly supporting McCar- thy's onslaught against Defense department policies. Denfeld brought his 40-year nav- al career toward a close yesterday by announcing in Boston that be has applied for retirement rather than accept a lesser post in the service. Denfeld was let out after he and other naval officers public- ly criticized the treatment given the Navy by defense chiefs. Fun Story Sought There was some talk in the Sen- ate that retirement might leave Denfeld free to offer his own story I of the events leading up to his dismissal as top Navy officer. It was Matthew's version of that background which brought on Mc- Carthy's vigorous criticism. The Navy's civilian head, testify-' ing in support of the selection of Admiral Forrest P. Sherman to (Continued on Page 19, Column 6.) SEN-ATI fe. Twenty-eight cars of a 37-car Canadian National Railway freight train, east bound from Toronto to Fort Erie, were derailed near Stevensvllle, Ont., yesterday. The engineer said he felt a tug and looked back to see most of the train leave the tracks. No one was Wirephoto to The Republl- mania and Hungary have violated their peace treaty guarantees of fundamental human rights. Bulgaria said last night the International Court of Justice at The Hague was not empowered to delve into these charges. Romania and Hungary already have taken a similar position. Heath's name was mentioned in the treason trial at Sofia of former Bulgarian Deputy Premier Traicho Kostov. Kostov was hanged after being found guilty of conspiring with American, British and slavian representatives to Yugo- make Bulgaria a vassal of Yugoslavia. The Indictment for the trial quot- ed Kostov as having said in a pre- trial confession that Heath had told him in 1947 that the Ameri- cans had an agreement with Yu- goslav Premier Marshal Tito. Heath has denied he ever met Kos- tov. Bulgarian newspapers began a bit- ter campaign against Heath. The U. S. fired a hot note that carried an implied threat to break off diplomatic relations. Under Secretary of State Webb charged that American legation of- ficials had been subjected to in- dignities, restrictions and false charges. In his statement, Webb question- ed "the Bulgarian government's intentions with the respect to the maintenance of normal relations between the two countries." Bulgaria responded by objecting to the "very strong language" of the United States note. Albert Lea Woman Perishes in Fire Albert Minn. A 63- year-old spinster, Miss Pewi Ken- ard, died today when fire gutted the small home where she lived with her mother. Her mother, Mrs. Jennie ELenard, I, who is suffering from pneu- monia, was rescued. At hospital her condition is described critical. Shock, smoke and exposure complicated her case. The fire was discovered about 10 a.m. by Mrs. Guy Willett, n. daughter of Mrs. Kenard, when she came to visit her mother. She ran to a nearby grocery op- erated by Clarence Peterson to call the fire department. Together they carried her-moth- er out of the burning house. Miss Kenard's body was found in. e basement after the fire was brought under control. Fire Chief Joe Spark theorized she had opened a trapdoor leading to the basement and fell in when she was overcome by smoke. Deputy Coroner X. R. Thykeson ;