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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 20, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 284 WIKONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 20, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Truman Pledges Crusade c ommunism Scored As 'False Philosophy7 By John M. Hightower Truman pledged a global crusade lor "peace and freedom" today in a fighting inaugural speech that rang with denunciations of communism as a "false phil- osophy." That philosophy "holds that war is he told massed thousands in the capital plaza immediately after taking his oath of office for a four-year term. And even now, he said, it is en- dangering attempts to keep world peace Close Ups Inaugural Arouses Fear Of. Mr. Big By Upton Close Washington The Presidential Inauguration itself was such a sim- ple matter! It amounts to a man being sworn to do his duty and be loyal to the constitution, swom But he declared that as a resuli of American efforts "hundreds o: millions of people all over the worlc now agree with us that we need not have war." These efforts must now be ex- panded, he said, to include a gi gantic "bold new program" of for- eign economic development, aimec at wiping out misery, hunger and despair in backward areas all over the world. Mr. Truman listed that as one of "four major courses of action' to be stressed in coming years. He also called for a security pact with western Europe, which he hopes to send to the Senate and he promised to strengthen non- communist countries cooperating with American security plans by providing them TT. S. military ad- vice and equipment. New Program His proposed new program for into office, that is, In an appropriate place and before a few appropriate witnesses. Then the President ___ back to work if he is already amounted office, gets down to work If he islior a new front In the cold war ,new. this endeavor the cooperation of Because under the constitution the legislative branch, the Congress, is supreme, and makes the laws which the President and his assistants (the executive branch) administer, it was long ago felt appropriate that the President should come to the Capitol, the site of Congress, to take his oath. Naturally, the chief Justice of the Supreme court, representing the third branch of our three-branch government, was the appropriate to admln- Ister the oath of office to President and swear him to his duty to uphold the constitution. And because this is a democratic republic, and the commonest citi- zen is one of the masters of the government from the President down, and officialdom exists to serve him, not he to serve official- Allied nations would be "warmly the President said. "More than half the people of the world are' living in conditions approaching Mr. Truman declared. "Their food is Inadequate. They are victims of disease. Their eco- nomic life is primitive and stag- nant. Their poverty is a handi- cap and a threat both to them and to more prosperous areas." To combat those conditions he proposed enlisting American capital investments and industrial skills plus any assistance which migh! come from other sources. "Our he said, "should be to help the free peoples of the world through their own efforts, to pro- duce more food, more clothing, more materials for housing and more mechanical power to lighten their dom, it was felt appropriate that the ceremony of taking oath of office, or inauguration, should be public for any citizen to witness who wished to come to the Capitol, Therefore, It was held out even though it has always fallen! in midwinter, or worse in the slush i season of this area (before it was changed from March 4 to January 20. Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first President to take office in January.) NOW, IF YOU HAVE come to Washington or read the papers, you see what this simple matter of the inauguration has come to. And if the plain fluid of pioneer democracy flows in your veins, you can't help but feel uncomfortable and anxious about it. You may like enthusiasm and you may love cere- mony, and you may be no one to kill another's fun. You are glad that the enormous gamble on weather at this time of year In Washington climate won, and the burdens. We Invite other countries half million dollars or so spent in arrangements and facilities did not prove a total loss. You also are glad that the busi- ness men and room renters of Washington got something out of that the advertising and pro- motion campaign was good enough to bring enough sightseers to Wash- ington to make it a financial suc- cess, And certainly, you hope that a little is left over for the needy charities that have been played up in promoting it. You may even like you can't help but feel crowds. Still, apprehensive. Those high grand- stands and acres of seats, run up for the occasion, remind you too poignantly of the preparations that used to be made for the appearance of Der Puhrer in Germany. There is the same red tape and con- to pool their technological resources in this The "Truman plan" for worlc betterment constituted the only new point in the President's four main courses of foreign policy action. TJn- le other three this nation would: 1. Continue "unfaltering sup- port of the United Nations" and search for ways to strengthen it. 2. Continue programs for world economic recovery; first, through the European recovery program; second, by increasing world trade. 3. Strengthen "freedom-loving nations against the dangers of aggression." Mr. Truman flat- ly promised: "We will provide military advice and equipment to free nations which will co- operate with us in the main- tenance of peace and security." While the President nowhere Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson, left, administers the oath of office to President Harry Truman at Washington, D. C, today on plat- form in front of Capitol. In center, holding Bibles, is Charles B. Cropley, clerk of the U. S, Supreme court r Peace Thousands View Big Ceremony, Colorful Parade S. Truman today took on leadership of the nation for four more years. It was the climactic moment of inauguration day for the 64- year-old, one-time Missouri farm boy who, over all odds, had won a White House term in his own right. He accepted that term by placing his left hand on Bibles opened to the Beatitudes and the Ten Commandments, raising his and comparing- to serve the nation faithfully in right hand to God, and swearing to serve the nation faithfully the uncertain years ahead. Chief Justice Vinson administered the oath. The scene was the east front the Capitol, bathed in the brilliant sparkle of a bright, winter sun. Just before Mr. Truman. Alben W. Barkley, 71-year-old veteran Ken- tucky senator, was sworn in as vice- president. Within immediate range of Mr. Truman's voice from the steps of the Capitol were thousands of Ameri- Million Dollar Blaze Hits Truman's Town Newspapers Were Popular footwarmers along inauguration parade route. This group took up Its position on Constitution avenue with the Capitol in the background. Associate Justice Stanley Reed, right, gives the vice-presidential oath of office to Alben W. Barkley. (A.P. Wirephotos to The Re- publican-Herald.) named Russia outright in his scath- ing attack on communism, his words apparently ended any possibility of quick and easy compromise be- tween the Soviet union and the West. But "in due he said, he believes "those countries which now oppose us will abandon their de- lusions and join with the free na- tions of the world in a just settle- ment of international differences." That he does not consider such a settlement possible now he made clear at the very outset. The Uni- ted States and other noncommu- nist nations, he declared, have been balked in their work for "a just and lasting peace" by "a regime with contrary aims and a totally different concept of life." "That regime adheres to a false philosophy which purports to offer fuctTV "the freedom security and greater op- portunlty to mankind, he asserted. "Misled by this philosophy, many peoples hace sacrificed their liberty only to learn to their sorrow that (Continued on Page 17, Column same arbitrary decisions of "au- thority." Even the President him- self had to give in on the choice of his inaugural picture! There are the same petty rivalries to be re- cognized and be seen, the same hints and threats that it would be well to take part, or chip you need any favors of the ruling party and the group which directs and uses it! There are the same television. YOU CAN'T HELP but have the same feeling of much ado about yet is it nothing? You remember (if you were there, or readi the apprehensions you had about the ado over Mr. BIR in Ger- many and Italy, and the misery and loss which came of it! Not that plain Harry Truman would consciously be a Mr. Big. In fact, that makes you the more apprehensive! The thing that is being ballyhooed is not a man. It is hidden. You wonder if this was intended to be the inaugural of a SYSTEM, In which all old and plain and truly democratic toms are to be overshadowed by pomp and power. Has it been "plan- ned that with simple Harry Just a'puppet? We must wait and open eyes. Oconomowoc Band Sole Area Unit at Inaugural Parade and Minnesota took little official part today in the Truman Inaugural COMMUNISM parade. Neither of the states was repre- sented by a float. A lone marching unit, the Oco- nomowoc, Wls., American Legion band of 60 members, was the only official representation. Neither Republican governor was here in this bunting-draped, jam- med capital to witness President Truman take the oath or ride in the parade. However, hundreds of Individuals, Including Democratic state party 'officials, were on hand. Inaugural Address Highlights Washington (ff) Highlights from President Truman's inaugural address: I accept with humility the honor which the American people have conferred upon me. I accept it with the deep resolve to do all that I can for the welfare of this nation and the peace of the world. Today marks the beginning not only of a new adminis- tration, but a period that will be eventful, perhaps decisive, for us and for the world. It may be our lot to experience, and In large measure to bring about, a major turning point in the long history of the human race. The supreme need of our time is for men to learn to live together in peace and harmony. We believe that all men are created equal because they are created in the image of God. From this faith we will not be moved. The United States and other like- minded nations find themselves di- rectly opposed by a regime with contrary alms and a totally different concept of life. That regime adheres i to a false philosophy which pur- ports to offer freedom, security and greater opportunity to mankind. Misled by this philosophy} many peoples have sacrificed their liber- ties only to learn to their sorrow that deceit and mockery, poverty and tyranny, are their reward. That false philosophy Is commu- nism. Differences between commu- nism and democracy do not con- cern the United States alone, people everywhere are coming to realize that what is Involved is material well-being, human dignity and the right to believe in and worship God. Since the end of hostilities, the United States has invested its sub- stance and its energy in a great Loss Estimated in Burned Wisconsin School WInneconne, Wis. The three-story Winneconne high and elementary school was gutted by fire today with a loss estimated at The blaze was discovered at 6 a. m., before any pupils were In the building. Firemen from three departments battled the blaze for several hours in sub-zero temperatures, but were unable to prevent the rapid spread of flames. The loss to building and contents Independence, A pre- dawn fire in near zero weather raged through a half block of busi- ness buildings in President Tru- man's hometown this inauguration day, causing damage approaching The downtown fire was only eight blocks from the summer White House. Fire' Chief D. A. Kincade said damage may run as high as 000. It was one of the worst fires in the more than 100 years of In- dependence's history. No one was reported injured but 30 persons were evacuated from a residential building as the fire spread to the accompaniment of exploding small arms ammunition in a hardware store. Five fire companies from nearby Kansas City and two-from a subur- ban district helped four Independ- ence companies in bringing the fire tinder control after a three-hour be- fore dawn battle in three above temperature. Windows were blown out by the small arms ammunition explosions. Electric lights went off momen- tarily. Three brick three stories and the others two stories were destroyed. Several other businesses were damaged by smoke and water. Independence's residents all prepared to celebrate its famous son's inauguration as President. To- day was a holiday. A big parade and an inaugural ball is scheduled. It was not decided immediately whe- ther the inaugural celebration would continue as scheduled, Fair Employment Practices Bills In Both Houses St. Minnesota fair employment practices bill was In- troduced in both houses of the leg- islature today shortly after authors had a conference with Governor Youngdahl. Meanwhile, the FEPC council, or- ination bill, had called a meeting ganized to support an antidiscrim- for Monday night to decide whe- ther it would sponsor its own bill or support the measure introduced today. The bill is the same as that pre- sented in the 1947 session and which was defeated. ___ The state-wide FEPC council, a No President For 29 Minutes 29 min- utes today, the United bad no president. The constitution says the prei- idential term shall end at noon on January 20. Technically, then, Harry B. Truman's term ended at noon and he was only a president- elect and not a president. Be officially began bis new term upon taking the oath at a. m., central standard time. No one In official Washington was concerned about the lapse. cans.- By radio, millions of others in this country and abroad heard him. Television carried the scene as far west as the Mississippi. Wife, Daughter Present Mrs. Truman and Margaret ap- peared on the stand at and were escorted to front row seats. It was when Mr. Truman walked onto the great stage for his inaugural. The Marine band, standing at at- tention, struck up the traditional 'Hail to the Chief." Many of the musicians wore gloves. Six of the most excited guests on the inaugural platform were the grandchildren of Alben Barkley. They seemed unawed by all the col- or, pomp and ceremony. Mr. Truman clasped his hands behind him. He looked out at the crowd and grinned. The crowd grinned back. Mr. Truman, and everyone else, had bared his head for the invoca- tion by the Rev. Edward Hughes Pruden. This was followed by the "Star Spangled sung by Phil Regan. The ceremonies got under way at a. m., 19 minutes behind sche- dule, with the invocation. Barkley Sworn In Four minutes later, Barkley was sworn in as vice-president by Su- preme Court Justice Stanley Reed, a fellow Kentuckian. There "followed a prayer by Rabbi Samuel Thurman of St. Louis. Mr. Truman took the oath at and then began his speech. Stretching along Pennsylvania avenue to see the after-ceremony parade were an estimated million people or more. From all over America, Truman's backers and well-wishers shared the excitement and glory of Inauguration day. They packed along the national capital's bunting-draped broad ave- nues to cheer every glimpse of the President. They ate hot dogs and drank pop from stands which bipartisan group headed by the Rev. sprouted on corners. Minneapolis, had! in favor of an John Simmons, gone on record amended 1949 version. Chief author in the senate is Senator Gerald T. Mullin, Minne- apolis, with Senators Gordon Ros- enmeier, Litle Falls, and Thomas Vukelich, Gilbert, as co-sponsors. Representative Clarence G. Lang- ley, Red Wing, is principal author in the house. Co-authors include (Continued onJPage 17, Column 4.) was estimated by the Winnebago Representatives' Robert Sheran, county superintendent .of schools' Mankato; Stanley Holmquist, Grove office, which based Its figure on HIGHLIGHTS 1948 financial report. Peterson, and Floyd Flom, Glenwood. Fill more County Wet By 123 Votes! Preston, Minn. FiJlmore county, which report- edly voted dry by 71 votes in a special election January 10, Is wet after all! This startling- news was re- vealed today following a meet- ing- of the county canvassing board which first obtained an opinion from the attorney gen- eral before formally filing its report with County Auditor Charles V. Michener. The result followed a correct- ed report of the vote in Nor- way township which orally had reported its vote as 33 wet and 120 dry. This was In error, the canvassing board was told, and V the vote actually was 120 wet and 23 dry. Thus the result of the elec- tion, instead of being- hi favor of the dry's by 71 votes, was In favor of the sale of intoxicating liquors by a vote of to a margin of 123. The election, however, will be contested. A petition according to law and signed by one voter, was filed with the clerk of dis- trict court at p. m. Wed- nesday by G. J. Overland, a member of the Norway town board. Under the law only one signature is necessary to peti- tion for a election contest. Accordingly District Judge Martin Nelson of Austin has set a hearing for January 31 at 10 a, m. The discrepancy In the total Tote was discovered first by the canvassing board when it con- vened in the FUlmore county courthouse last Friday. The board, hardly believing what it bad found, then adjourned un- tfl Monday of this week when It called In County Attorney George 'E. Frogner of Har- mony and asked to get an opinion from the attorney gen- eral as to how It should pro- ceed and whether or not the Norway town board could sub- mit corrected reports. The attorney general informed County Attorney Frogner that neither the canvassing board nor the township board had the right to open the sealed ballot envelope so that the ballots could be recounted. The bal- lots can be re-examined only if and when a petition for re- count of the vote has been granted by the district court judge, the ruling said. The county canvassing board then filed its official report with County Auditor Michener at 3 o'clock Monday afternoon. The report stated that the offi- cial returns of the special elec- tion on Monday, January 10, disclosed that yes (wet) votes were cast, as against 833 no (dry) votes, a majority of 123 wet votes, and that there- fore Fillmore county is now officially wet. Members of the canvassing board were County Auditor Mi- chener, Commissioner Julius P. Stiles of Harmony, chairman of the county board, Clarence Rei- shns and Mrs. Dora Klein of Preston. They had 15 days from the date of the election In which to complete their canvass of the vote. When contacted, members of the Norway town board stated that they' got the votes mixed in reporting them on the unofficial report to the county auditor and on the two official reports to the county canvassing board. As a result, Fillmore county will remain wet until a recount discloses that a majority of dry votes were cast in the election. Whether the recount will in- clude a recount o' the votes cast in all of the county's 38 voting precincts, or only of the vote cast In Norway township, has not been determined. Cost of the recount would be borne by the petitioner only if the vote didn't sustain bun, otherwise by the county. Fillmore county has been dry for more than 35 years. An air of carnival reigned. For a few moments, Mr. Truman turned his back on it all. Two hours before the oath-taking ceremony, he (Continued on Page 15, Column INAUGURAL WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Mostly cloudy and continued cold tonight with temperatures beginning to rise in early morning. Cloudy with oc- casional snow Friday; warmer. Low tonight in the city, in the country; high Friday afternoon 15. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 18; minimum, noon, 1; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Chicago 27 4 Denver ...........37 2 Des Moines 12 Duluth -4 -12 .02 International Falls-16 Kansas City 16 3 Los Angeles .......49 43 .46 Miami 78 72 Mpls.-St. Paul -3 -6 New Orleans ......S3 43 New York .........62 34 .03 Seattle 38 23 Phoenix ...........49 40 Washington 65 32 Edmonton Winnipeg -23 -43 ;