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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 19, 1950, Winona, Minnesota FAIR, COLD TONIGHT, WARMER FRIDAY BUY A WINTER CARNIVAL EMBLEM VOLUME 49, NO. W1NONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 19, 1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES TODAY- Russians Can Build H-Bomb Bj Joseph and Stewart AIsop is one single, simple, central fact about the hy- drogen bomb that everyone must grasp, if we are not to wander blindly into a new age of night- mare. The mere possibility that this terrible weapon may be built in two or three or four years al ters the whole face of world af- fairs. This Is so, moreover, whether President Truman settles the cur- rent controversy within the govern- j ment by deciding to build hydro- gen bombs, or by refusing to build hydrogen bombs. For no one can be so simple as to suppose that the kremlin will shrink back from constructing the absolute weapon, just because we have shrunk back. Nor .should anyone wishfully as- sume that the kremlin will not have the know-how for the job. Indeed, the leading Soviet physi- cist. Peter Kapitza, is one of the world's two or three greatest au-jbenek and the rest of the energetic! thorlties on the major problem of I Cossack-hatted members of the the hydrogen bomb-the behavior j days, of materials at very high and very winonans may warm up some low temperatures. We may hope when they see some choice figures to build such bombs sooner than'as well as figure skaters, bands Decision on H-Bomb Secret Winter Carnival Opens Queen of Snows To Be Crowned At Show Tonight Baton Twirling, Chorus, Band on Kick-off Program Today is Carnival day! The 14th annual winter festival begins its four-day reign in Winoaaj sponsored by Chairman Dan Bam-j and baton twirlers and some of the most spectacularly staged pro- grams in Winter Carnival history. end. In short, unless the] Tonight at the Winona Senior the Soviets. But we must expect the Soviets to be able to build them In the whole world situation radically changes, the existence of a hydro- gen bomb will, sooner or later, be- come one of the facts of world strategy and politics. THIS NEW FACT will In turn violently affect all the old facts, causing more current political and strategic assumptions to become outworn or groundless. And this Is so because the construction of a hydrogen bomb will represent mankind's finaJ, suicidal the harnessing of the Inmost sec- ret of creation for purposes of un- Imaginable destructions. In brief, the process that makes the sun the source of life Is nu- clear fusion, rather than nuclear fission. In the sun's intense heats, the lower elements In the electron- ic table continuously combine into the more Inert elements of medium electronic weight. Vast energies are released In this process of fu- sion. Vast heats are make fusion occur. needed to A hydrogen bomb Is now pos- sible, simply because the uranium- Plutonium bomb briefly generates heats as great as those of the in- terior of the sun, from to degrees. The principle of the hydrogen bomb, which Is known to physicists the world over. Is to use uranlum-plutonium fission as a trigger. Fission of the High school auditorium, Carnival boosters will have a chance to wit- ness the crowning of the 1950 Wi- nona Queen of Snows. She will be! selected from among 19 entries following a dinner for candidates and contest judges at the Hotel Wi- nona. The announcement of the win- ner and crowning of her highness will take place at the high school as a part of an all-star program that will start the Carnival on its "way. Winona's 1949 Queen of Snows, Miss Muriel Morris, will be on hand at the Senior High school for to- night's coronation of the 1950 queen. She came from Northwestern university, Evanston, 111., where she is a student. Baton Twirling A children's baton twirling con- test will get under way at p.m. Some 20 are entered. Judg- ing will be in three divisions, 4 to 8. 9 to 12 and 13 to 16. Len Martin will be master of ceremonies, and a gold trophy will go to winners in each class. The Winona Civic chorus and the 'ONE OF THESE GIRLS WILL BE she will be crowned tonight at the Winona Senior High school auditorium at ceremonies which officially get the 14th annual Winter Carnival" on its way. The winner selected from these 19 comely Winona residents will be named Queen of Snows, and she will reign over the remainder of the festival. She also will get a chance to compete with queens of area com- munities for the title of district snow queen and a trip to the St. Paul winter carnival. The following girls are in the photo above: Imgard Schlciegel, Donna Compton, Marlene Dittrick, Evelyn Ask, Lois Ben- son, Grace Laska, Anne Koehler, Pat Heise, Mary Ann Kiedrowicz, Ruth Wood, Betty Mullen, Jo Ann Wempner, Patricia Bamro, Haenay Redmann, Alice Sulla, Maxine Kohnerk Edna Koehler, Patricia Rozek and Geraldlne Harem. Republican-Herald photo Teachers college swing band wiUJ entertain at about p.m. fol- lowing the baton competition. Master of ceremonies for this por- tion of the program and for the! crowning of the queen will be Har- old Libera. Judges are Miss Mau-! uranlum-plutonium will generate Applegate of La Crosse andj the needed beat. The heat wiU send] Thomas L. Pattison of hydrogen nuclei crashing into thejma. I hearts of other atoms. The nuclear! Friday will be another big day fusion will continue for those who are in- wlth hundreds of thousands ofj'erested in pulchritude. The out- times the destructive force of nu- of -town candidates for the district clear fission, until the whole j snow queen contest will begin ar- charge of the bomb has been con-irivinS here in the afternoon. They sumed. THERE IS ONE MAIN charac- teristic of the hydrogen bomb that sets It wholly apart from the urani- um-plutonlum bomb. It is "open- ended." as the physicists put it. will be entertained at dinner at the Hotel Winona prior to the Corona tlon ball. District Queen The area girls and the Winona queen will be judged by Gopher gridders Billy Bye and Jim Malo- In other words, there is no and Mrs. Rae Ferguson, Min- size that places a limitation on itslneapolis. The crowning ceremonies power. .It can be built, in thecryiwill be at the ball at the armory, at least, to any size desired. InjJim Cronen's orchestra will play short, the ability to build such a'for the dance, bomb is, in theory, the ability to Jim Bambenek will be the toast- blow up the earth. This kind of Caligula madness is not. of course, the real danger. Yet the danger is there, all the same. For instance, those with long master at both the dinner and the coronation. Saturday's big feature will be the annual Carnival parade with John W. Dugan as marshal. Fif- memories will recall the wide- teen decorated floats, 12 bands spread fear, at the time of Hiro- and flve drum and corPs shima, that the radio-active by-; are expected to participate. products of uranium plutoniumj A highlight will be 15 decorated bombs might eventually poison the I floats, some carrying the queen world atmosphere. The scientists! contestants. The popular marching then reassuringly told us that group of Hilex gnomes, voted a 000 uranium plutonium bombs Prize last year, will be back to would be needed to render the at-' help Winona celebrate again. mosphere noxious to life on earth.! School Bands Everyone stopped worrying be cause the explosion of this num ber of bombs was quite inconceiv able. No one can say, however, that Ule Parade wiu be the explosion of ten hydrogen i_ bombs may not be an eventual pos- S.' sibility. With 1.000 times the of uranlum-plutonium bombs, the I bands from Plainview, St. Char- 'les, Wabasha. Chatfield, Mabel and Galesville, together with the Cotter nnd Winona Senior High j bands. Winona Teachers college, Winter Carnival Program TODAY for Winona-Queen p. for all Winona queen candidates and Judges. p. and girls baton twirling contest at Senior High school auditorium. Dance numbers by Len Martin Dance studio, p. Civic chorus at Senior High school auditorium. 8 p. Queen of Snows contest at Senior High school aud- itorium, followed by crowning of the 1950 Queen of Snows. FRIDAY of out-of-town Snow Queens for District Queen of Snows contest. Arrival of out-of-town judges for District Queen contest. p. at Hotel Winona for Winona and out-of-town queens and Judges. Judging of District Queen at Hotel Winona following dinner. p. Group clowns to entertain on Third street in- downtown Winona. 8 p. of Snows ball at Cronen's band. All out-of-town queens to attend ball. District Queen and Queen of Snows to be presented. SATURDAY 9 a. out-of-town Queens. 10 a, of-out-of-town, parade units. out-of-town Snow Queens. p. of St. Paul Winter Carnival King and Queen and Minneapolis Aqua Queen. p. Carnival parade. Skiing and tobogganing at Silver Slopes all afternoon. p. for out-of-town parade units at Winona Athletic club; 9pm Wing Elksters to entertain at Elks club at 9 p. m., at "Eagles club at 10 p. m. and at the American Legion club at p. m, SUNDAY 7 to 11 a. at Winona Municipal airport for visiting flyers. Public also invited. of St. Paul and Rochester Ice Show units. p. Paul East Side Drum and Bugle corps at Gabrych park. 2 p. annual ice show at Gabrych park with District 'and Winona Queen of Snows attending. Siding and tobogganing at Silver. Slopes all afternoon. Southern Papers Newsprint Piant Now in Operation Birmingham, will I Air Henry H. (Hap) Arnold plant-once only a dream of Arnold Rites At Arlington By Elton C. Fay Washington General of the Wetzel American was buried today in Arlington Na- infinitely greater. THE BY PRODUCTS will bugle corps; by similar' corps from the La Crosse V.F.W. ___ be post and the St. Paul Fire and; different." The rise in quantity re-: Marine Insurance Company. leased per bomb may not be Cash prizes will be awarded top portional to the bomb's increase of, Coats, marching divisions and force. The release of by-products; comic entries and the highest officials of be nation there to pay tribute. As they committed the wartime leader to his grave, a chaplain told gathered about: may even be controlled in some Atomic Energy com- mission project is studying this problem. But you cannot get away from the fact that the mere man-. ufacture of hydrogen bombs is anj act that jeopardizes life on earth, in this way and in others. Thus a sort of circular dilemma is created. On the one hand, it Is! intolerable, because it means eventual surrender to Evening entertainment in- "The over, life's battles are all fought, r jhis victories all won, and as in dude a program by Len Martin's other days he jies down to rest southern newspaper tional cemetery, with President day Is providing the first new do- mestic source of newsprint in more than a decade. The Coosa River Newsprint Com- pany's huge plant went into produc- tion yesterday, three months ahead oF another airman is of schedule. It Is designed to turn Man Confesses Beating Dentist At St. Peter Bogus Confession Complicates Hunt For Boston Bandits police, seeking the gun gang who robbed a money transportation company of today had a mystery pistol and rounds of ammunition seized after an informant's though the informant's story that he drove the holdup car was discredited teiiruMva onrt imaginative nhonv" was the designation hung on Hoover in Charge Boston W) The nation's top crime investigator, J. Ed- par Hoover, head of the F.B.I., today took over investigation of the nation's biggest cash rob- bery Tuesday night's million dollar snatch from an express company, the Boston Traveler reported. A talkative and imaginative phony Thomas J. Hannifen by Boston po- lice after he telephoned the Boston authorities from Newark, N. J., and offered himself for arrest as the driver of the robbers' get-away car. Newark authorities, who picked him up, said he had been drinking and that he had been a mental hospital orderly. They drew from him the admission of his own name, after he first had identified himself as Jackie Horrigan. In Turner Falls, Mass., a rela- tive said Hannifen had been dis- turbed mentally since war service in the Navy and had been a patient at a Massachusetts state hospital in Northampton, and at a Vermont retreat. Find Pistol But the Boston police, overlook- ing no clues, combed the north end area scene of the robbery after Hannifen said money taken in the robbery had been cached there. In a vacant house, they found the pistol which resembled those in the hands of the robbers vote of 56 to 16 brought al- the ammunition. But they could to a complete end today the connect it directly with the crime. ,ong fight to repeai federal taxes Another possible clue also oleomargarine money Ta remains now except to adjust quite similar Senate and House bills and for President Tru- man to sign the final repeal ver- sion into law. Dairy state senators lost one Senate Votes To Repeal Oleo Taxes By John Chadwlck Washington smashing in Saugus, a few miles north of Boston. The 12 by 20 inch bag was empty except for a Boston news- paper of January 17 date of the press company, robbery. Brink's, Inc., confirmed that the money ex-. such bags were taken and Boston police hurried to Saugus and took the bag for laboratory study. Money Bag Dry Captain Henry B. Wheaton, act- ing. Saugus police chief, .said the, ba'g was thrown on the toad- last night. It was completely dry although snow and rain had fallen yesterday. A visored chauffeur-type cap- possibly dropped by one of the gunmen is being examined by F.B.I, chemists for particles of hair that might produce a lead. Highly skilled F.B.I. agents, state and private detectives dust- ed every inch of the Brink office yesterday in search of particles of evidence that-might supply a clue under chemical analysis. Gunmen Wore Gloves Fingerprints appeared to be out as a medium to detection as the gunmen's hands were gloved. Dus- ty indentations of their crepe or rubbersoled shoes were blocked off for possible clues. Every novelty shop in the city was being visited by special serv- No Comment, Truman Tells Press Parley Says Byrnes Free to Do as He Pleases President Tru- man today left wide open the pos- sibility that he will order produc- tion of a hydrogen superbomb. With the United States reported to be going ahead full blast on preliminary work leading up to production, Mr. Truman was ask- ed at his news conference: "Do you have under considera- tion production of a hydrogen The President replied that he could not comment on that. Mr. Truman also told inquirers that he is not considering direct negotiations with the Russians on the hydrogen bomb. Mr. Truman did not rule out the possibility of some less immediate approach to the Russians. For example, negotiations with- in the United Nations were not flat- ly ruled cut. The chief executive was asked "has David Lilienthal offered to go to Mr. Truman said flatly that he has not. Lilienthal is the retiring chair- man of the Atomic Energy com- mission. There have been re- ports, so far without substantia- tion from Lilienthal or the Presi- dent, that the AEC chairman is opposed to development of a hy- drogen bomb unless the United States first makes a new effort to work out an international atomic energy agreement with the Rus- sians. LllienUuklg' Trip Denied In addition there have been re- ports that Lilienthal offered to go point after another in their battle to Moscow for the President on I _ __ TV IP 'PTMlTT'iaVl to protect butter from what called unfair competition by an im- tax of ten cents a pound on yel- uranium bombs now being made, low oleomargarine and of one-lcalls for the assembling of all pos- itation. It was a victory for southern sen- ators and others who said a whole- some food has too long been un- justly taxed, and that housewives should have easy access to the cheaper table spread. Tax Ends July 1 The net result of the Sente vot- ing-, which wound up with the 56- 16 decision for repeal last night, is: An end, effective July 1, to the a mission. This Mr. Truman denied. Lilienthal is scheduled to leave bis AEC job February 15. The President said today that when be decides on tuccessor he will an- nounce it. At least some top officials in the Truman administration believe that the bomb will eventually go into production. President Truman himself will presumably make the final decision, one way or the oth- The government's present policy on the hydrogen bomb, estimated up to times as powerful as quarter cent a 'pound on the un- colored variety. Federal taxes on retailers, wholesalers and manu- facturers, ranging from to a year, also would be wiped out. To prevent the oleomargarine as passing butter, off of public eating places serving oleomar- garine would have to so inform their customers by posters, and by labeling or serving it in a trian- gular shape. Also retail packages to ice men in an effort to find where of yeuow margarine would have the gangsters purchased the grote sque rubber-type masks they wore. Firearms experts alerted dealers i and pawnbrokers to be on the be in a triangular shape. Excise Tax Slash Delayed Passage of the oleomargarine out for four .38 caliber Smith sto a for a (Continued on Page 11, Column 4.) QUEENS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS awhile under the arching sky await-! ing the bugle's call." I The grave into which the bronze casket was lowered, after a cere-: mony in the great white marble amphitheater of the cemetery, was Winona and (Armies John J. Pershing. close bv that of another man who will be operated by the Kimberly- also wore five stars, General of the Clark Corporation of Neenah, "Wis. out 300 tons daily, or more than tons a year, at peak produc- tion. Stock in the company is held by 128 newspapers throughout the na- tion, and 119 newspapers have con- tracts for purchase of its products. The plant was designed, built and bombs while we do not. On the other hand, it is equally intolerable for these bombs to be competitive- ly manufactured by two hostile! It is located on 710 acres which were fair tonight ar.d Friday. ended iance of th6 huge Cnildersburg lowest -5 in the city. L battery fired the 17-gun salute ordnance works during World War n. rtim A 11 ft Jo trn mi _____ LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 A little warmer for the {lve_star general. Then came the cracking volley of three rounds iy manuianurcu U} hours ending at 12 m. today: world systems, thus menacing all s. minimum _7: life on earth. All the current politi- cal and strategic assumptions are now about to become obsolete, pre- cisely because they offer no escape from dilemma. Maximum. S: minimum, noon, 8: precipitation, none: sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on page 11. 'fired by a rifle squad, and the sor- rowing note of taps. Arnold, 63 years old, died last Sunday of an ailment that start- ed plaguing him during the stre- nuous war years and finally im- pelled his retirement in 1846 a heart ailment. board of education. Boraas Re-elected Education Chief St Panl Dr. Julius Boraas of Northfield today was re-elected_____ president of the Minnesota state Police said there was no report of Emory Dailey Minneapolis Deputy Sher- iff W. H. Fabriz today reported that a man giving the name of Emory Dailey had admitted beat- ing a St. Peter, Minn., dentist who was found dead last Friday. The body of the dentist, Dr. George A. Swanbeck, 58, was found in his apartment at St. Peter. A coroner's report said Swanbeck died of internal bleeding. The report said the assailant apparent- ly had knelt on Swanbeck's chest as he beat him. Fabriz said Dailey told him he had gone to the dentist's home to talk to him about a story that he (Swanbeck) had been keeping company with Dailey's wife. "Then I got mad and started to beat him with my Fabriz quoted Dailey. Dailey said he had left the den- tist injured but did not know the man was dead until he read about it in a paper after coming to Min- neapolis. Dailey was picked up here at the request of Billings, Mont., authori- ties. They hold a warrant charg- ing him with issuing checks with- out funds in a bank. He refused to waive extradition to Billings and when asked why said: "I want to get something my chest." Fabriz said Dailey then told the story of the dentist's beating. Today Nicollet county officials were checking what they termed "major discrepancies" in the story. Hollywood Shaken Los earthquake awakened many residents in beach suburbs today and was felt in Holly- wood. The sharp tremor was timed at a. m.. Padfic Standard Time. and Wesson revolvers the gunmen slash m exclse taxes gen. seized from a rack the instant theyjerally surprised five cashiers and guards1 in the vault where the money was seized. Police said they had strong evi- dence the gunmen passed up ,an additional million not because (Continued on Page 8, Column 8.) BOSTON The final attempt to tie repeal sible facts. On the basis of these facts the final decision will be made in a few weeks. Byrnes Free Agent The President said his former secretary of state, James F. Byrnes, is a free agent who can do as he damn pleases. That was his reply to a news conference question as to whether he had any comment on Byrnes' announcement that he will seek the Democratic nomination for governor of South Carolina. Byrnes lately has criticized the "Fair Deal" program Mr. Truman is pushing. The naws session also brought from Mr. Truman these expres- sions: There is no emergency yet In oleomargarine bill was an amend- ment offered by Senators Butler of wartime excise taxes to the the coal mining situation. When there is one he will proclaim It and act. (R.-Neb.) and McCarthy He cannot comment on whether production of a hydrogen bomb is Their amendment also would have wiped out a" three per cent tax on freight transportation. It lost 43 to 32. damage. Detective Harold Cooley examines revolver and ammunition after a raid on a vacant North End house in Boston today fol- lowing a tip from a man being questioned by Newark, N. J., police. Authorities are still checking the story of a Newark man that he drove one ol the cars to the Brink's, Incorporated, raid at Boston, under consideration. He is against a proposed change in House rules that would restore the old powers of the rulM com- mittee to bottle up legislation. The question of whether to send another personal presidential am- bassador to the Vatican is under study. Myron Taylor resigned yes- terday from that post. There will be no change in the status of his military aid. Major Genejal Harry Vaughan, who was reprimanded by a Senate invest- igating committee yesterday for accepting seven deep freezers as a gift from a private company. There is no controversy over a special tax message he is planning to send to Congress. He said tech- nical matters are delaying it and it will be sent to Congress as soon as it is ready. Mr. Truman has said be wants a "moderate" tax boost. As for 'the coal situation, the chief executive said Robert N. Denham, general counsel of the National Labor Relations board, has the right to take such steps as are provided by law. He said Den- ham had been in touch with the White House regarding the court suit be filed to try to get coal miners back on a five day work- tag week. The President said he has seen only in the papers sug- gestions that he ought to fire Den- ham, Asked whether Denham's suit had his blessing, Mr. Truman re- marked it isn't his business to bless or unbless the NLRB offi- cial. The President said the proposed. House rules change would be a backward step and he hopes It won't be taken. A coalition of Republicans and southern Democrats are trying to repeal a parliamentary rule un- der which the administration hopes to get House action on civil rights legislation. ;