Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 19, 1949, Winona, Minnesota
VOLUME 48; NO. 283 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 19, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES State Budget 42 Per Cent Higher Truman Asks Co-operation Of Democrats at Barkley Banquet Cheer Chief Executive By Ernest B, Vaccaro Washington Harry S. Tru- man took over the capital city today to the cholng strains of "I'm Just Wild About Harry." The man from Missouri plunged into a gay round of inaugural fes- tivities with a promise to fight on for world peace and for a "fair deal" legislative program at home. And he asked all Democrats in Congress to co-operate, asserting "I know that is exactly what they are going to do." Mr. Truman's promise and his appeal were in informal remarks last night at the dinner of the Truman-Barkley club, the send-off ceremony for inauguration week. He and vice-President-Elect Barkley, who will take their oaths of office tomorrow, appeared to- gether for the first time in the current celebrations. The band struck up the tradi- tional "Hail to the Chief" as the President entered the Mayflower hotel banquet hall, arm In arm with I Barkley, but quickly changed to' "I'm Just Wild About a familiar theme during the Truman presidential campaign. Wave of Applause A wave of applause and cheering swept over the throng of party faithful. Mr. Truman told his audience he and Barkley "expect to carry out the policies and principles laid down in the Democratic platform." That Is why, he said, "I am anxi- ous for the senators and the re- presentatives who are Democrats in the Congress of the United States to co-operate with us, and I know that is exactly what they are going to do." At another point he called for support more broadly, from "you, and the Congress, and the people of the United States." Mr. Truman praised the work of the Truman-Barkley "a won- derful job for the Democratic party" and urged that it keep aliva through 1950 when congressional elections roll around again. "In he said, "we are going to need a cooperative Congress, Just as badly as we need the 81st, and we don't want to elect another 80th Congress." Mr. Truman recalled to the din- ers another and very different oc- (Continaed on Page 11, Column I.) TRUMAN Farm Fire at Durand The C I. O. Has Access to White House By Stewart Alsop Smoldering Knins are all that remain of the Anderson barn' where 40 head of cattle and two horses perished last night, as shown in the top picture. Below is shown the charred walls of the 12-room brick farmhouse which also was leveled in the fire that broke out about 4 a. m. Both structures were destroyed within an hour. The above pictures were taken at 11 a. m. by Area Editor Al Olson, and were rushed back for publication this afternoon. Thousands in Washington For Inaugural Thursday By Don Whitehead and carefree thousands poured into Washington today in -a holiday Washington A significant for Harry S. Truman's presidential inauguration tomorrow. sode occurred a few days 'before Th came m a stream of special trains, by plane and automobile to pay tribute to the one-time President Truman presented his farm boy whose motner once said he "plowed the straightest furrow" in all Jackson county, Missouri. House, Barn, 40 Head of Cattle Lost Durand, Wis. Swept by a strong west wind, fire early today destroyed the house and barn on the Andrew Anderson farm, 13 miles south of here. Loss, which included 40 head of Guernsey cattle trapped in the big bam, was estimated to be at least The fire originated in the barn and later Ignited the 12-room brick home. The fire was discovered by Ava Anderson, a daughter, who was sleeping on the side of the house facing the barn. She said today she awoke shortly before 4 a. m, and saw the barn aflame. Rouses Parents She roused her parents, both elderly, and her brother, Alfred. Then she called Nelson and Durand [for aid. Fire companies from both communities responded to the call. Chief Alfred Mikelson of the Nel- son unit, which arrived soon after- wards, said the barn was all but destroyed and the house was burn- ing. Bitter subzero cold hampered their efforts. Manning the truck from Durand were E. G. Gibson and Ray Pittman. The truck returned to Durand about 7 a. m. Firemen and neighbors helped the Andersons save a few personal be- longings including a piano and a refrigerator! Suffers Shock Mr. Anderson, who suffered from shock, was taken to the home of a son, Clifford. At noon today he was reported in good condition. The cattle were smothered in the flaming barn. When Alfred Ander- son rushed to open a barn door, only a frightened two and one-half weeks old calf emerged. In the loft were 40 tons of hay. Also lost was grain totaling bushels. A machine shed a few feet from the barn was unscathed. Wind carried flames from the barn to the house, which was some 200 yards to the east, shortly after the family was outside. The wind was so strong that farmers In the neighborhood said they were awak- ened during the night by its sound. One farmer said he found charred shingles, believed to be from the Anderson barn, near his home two and one-half miles from the fire. The big house was built some 60 years ago by Elihu Kezar. His widow, who Is 10Z years old, lives at Durand. The Farmers Mutual Fire and Insurance Company at Fountain City said the Anderson farm prop- erty was covered with insurance totaling half of the loss. 60 Million Pirate Loot Search On Acheson Wins Senate O.K. By 83-6 Vote Tough' Policy Toward Russia To Be Pursued By John M. Hightower Fresh evidence that the Truman administration will press its so-called "tough" policy toward Russia was found by diplo- matic authorities today in the de- bate that led up to Senate con- firmation of Dean Acheson secretary of state. The debate indicated that any effort to back away from the cold war in the months ahead would arouse violent opposition at the Capitol. Acheson, bearing a definite "no appeasement" label, was confirmed late yesterday by a vote of 83 to 6. The half dozen negative votes were all registered by his Republican critics. He is expected to be sworn in, as the fourth secretary of state to serve under President Truman, tomorrow or Friday. The resignations of the ailing George C. Marshall as secretary and Robert A. Lovett as under secretary are due to become effective tomor- Los The in pirate treasure which legend has buried in Cocos island is about to become the goal of another expedi- tion of fortune hunters. James A. Forbes, IV, tomorrow starts his fifth quest 'for the fabu- lous island, this time with a 50- man crew and a Hollywood camera and sound unit. Delayed several expedi- "Fair Deal" program to the Con- gress, when a five-man delegation from the C.I.O. visited the White House. The dele- gation was led by Philip Murray, C.I.O. president. With Murray were James B. Carey, CJ.O, secretary- treasurer; Jacob Potofsky, presi- dent of the Amal- gamated Clothing Workers; EmU Rleve, Textile Workers president, and Arthur Goldberg, CJ.O. gen- eral counsel. The five labor leaders had a cordial conversation with the Presi- dent. As they were leaving Murray placed a three-page memorandum on the President's desk. The memo- randum outlined the domestic pro- gram which the C.I.O. leaders hoped the President would propose in his State of the Union message, which he was to present to Congress in a few days' time. In several particulars the message to Congress differed from the C.I.O. program. For example, the CJ.O. memorandum to the President fa- vored an excess profits tax on cor- poration profits. The President asked Congress for four billion dollars in new taxes, but he did not speci- fically insist on an excess profits tax. AGAIN, THE President asked for stand-by powers to control wages as well as prices in an inflationary The best guesses are that to people axe headed for Washington. There was one jarring discord thrust into the Democrats' happy affair late Senate defeated a biU to waive the 20 per cent federal tax on all grandstand parade and inaugural ball tickets. This was the Democrats' first de- feat in the new Congress. But the sting of this Republican maneuver was eased by a message to the President from Governor WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Fair and somewhat colder tonight; low to- night -10 in the city, -15 in the rural areas. Fair and continued cold Thursday and Thursday night; high Thursday afternoon ten. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 26; minimum noon, precipitation, .09 (two inches of sun sets tonight at 5; sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Chicago tomorrow in "The an 185- foot remodeled landing craft. Forbes himself will meet the boat at Costa Rica, where he fiew last week to arrange for fuel and the Denver ...........24 Des Moines ......21 .31 Thomas E. Dewey, the defeated G.O.P. presidential candidate. Dewey wished Mr. Truman "good health and Divine guidance" in congratulating him on his forth- coming inauguration. And the Pre- sident replied that "good wishes such as yours strengthen me for the tasks that lie ahead." At the White House, Mr. Truman fanned the jubilee spirit by signing bill giving a Thursday-Friday holiday to federal workers in the Washington area. This gives them a four-day weekend for the festivi- ties. Even the weatherman was help' ful. He promised no rain or snow when Mr. Truman and Vice-Presi- dent-Elect Barkley of Kentucky are sworn into office at 11 a. m. (CST) tomorrow on the platform at the steps of the capital. Just winds, a cloudy sky and the tern- at 38 to 40 The President was in good phys- ical condition for the inauguration grind. His physician, Brigadier General Wallace H. Graham, an- nounced 'he weighs 174 pounds- only four pounds over his best weight. Mr. Truman got started on the Rican soldiers who will ac- change to white and tails' th for ro_ with the presidential electors. And then to a giant a musical show-concert in the National Guard armory. Bulletins International Falls 16 this was most dis- tinctly not in the CJ.O. memo- randum. Moreover, the CJ.O. want- Paul ...20 Trace ed the President to take a Orleans .....78 specific and unqualified stand 45 Duluth -16 Trace inaugural events last night at a 01 i dinner given by the Truman-Bark- isijiey club. Today's schedule started I with a lunch by the finance com- '.03 mittee of the Democratic national Kansas City 24 Los Angeles 56 Miami 75 7 46 69 (Continued on Page 7 ALSOPS Column 3.) Washington 47 43 33 29 44 .34 .03 Winnipeg 18 committee. Later in the afternoon he and Mrs. Truman will be the honor guests at a reception given by Governor and Forrest Smith of Missouri. After the reception, a quick Sec- retary of State Lovett said to- day that the United States would welcome proof in action of the intent behind recent dec- larations of communist leaders favoring better relations be- tween Russia and the west. SL Paul Governor Youngdahl today signed the first bill enacted by the tnre. The measure validates a bond issue at Detroit Lakes. Hamilton, Bermuda Eighty planes and a score of U. S. warships, including two carriers and the battleship Mis- souri, led a great search today for a British airliner down somewhere in the Atlantic. The union shop provision in John L. Lewis' contract with soft coal operators was held illegal today by a national labor relations board examiner. Little practi- cal effect is expected from the finding, however. company the expedition for tection and to guarantee the ernment's share of the loot. Cocos Is 300 miles southwest of Costa Rica. Forbes, former baseball pitcher and superintendent of a fruit com- pany in Riverside, Calif., is deter- j mined to find the "lost loot of Li' the treasure of his great- grandfather, James Alexander Forbes I, an educated pirate who bequeathed his' son an elaborate map and descriptions. Last year Forbes' party excavated many shreds of canvas believed to have been sailors of the English mer- chantman, "Mary Dear." The "Mary Dear" carried the hi- jacked loot to Cocos when Simon Bolivar, the famous liberator, staged his march on Lima. The treasure is recorded in the archives of Spain to contain solid gold statues and other objects of art. Forbes esti- mates that its present day value would be more than "Our first two expeditions result- ed in says Forbes, "but my brothers, Charlie and John, and I located the exact spot of the buried treasure with the aid of fisher radio metal locators and the dimensions of the great cache have been care- fully measured." Cocos island was a Bucaneer rendezvous of the Spanish Main 300 years before New York was settled. It is only two and one-half miles wide by five miles long, is densely covered with jungle, and sheer bluffs rise on every sice. The island is literally pocked marked from ex- cavations after a century and a half of futile digging. Youngdahl Asks For Teachers College Appropriation Doubled; Higher Tobacco, Liquor Levies Sought; Bonus Plans Aired Governor Youngdahl's Budget row. While nearly all the Republicans Current 1950-51 Biennium Biennium Mental institutions Penal, corrective and other insti. Social welfare University Teachers colleges Veterans affairs Soil conservation Youth conservation Boys camp Business research, development.. All other activities Increases In Dollars And here's how the additional money would be raised: Two-cent additional tax on An increase in tax on beer to S3 a barrel................. a gallon additional tax on liquor.......................- Tax on tobacco Total per By Adolph Johnson St. Luther Youngdahl asked the legisla- ture today to appropriate from the state general revenue fund to pay for state activities during the next two years. in the Senate went along in con-i The total is or 42 per cent, more than the firming Acheson, they made it plain! 733 being spent during the current two-year period. The budges they reserve the right to oppose! is the highest in the history of the state. administration foreign policy as they see fit. This is important from the standpoint of presenting a united, bipartisan front. Praise for Acheson Senator Vandenberg the G.O.P. Senate leader on foreign policy, praised Acheson highly but said it must be remembered that the policies he executes will be those of President Truman. And the President's policies, the senator add- ed, may be "impromptu and .un- predlcted." What confirmation fight there was developed almost entirely around the question of Acheson's attitude toward Russia and the spread of Soviet communism. In the opinion of diplomatic ex- perts two points stood out. 1. Those who opposed Acheson based their argument on the charge that he has been "an appeaser of Russia." Senator Wherry (R.-Neb.) used those words in yesterday's de- bate. 2. In his public appearance before Bank Shipment Found Under Culvert Wankesha, Wis. The that "two small boys have told me they found the money under the culvert." Frame park Is located the foreign relations committee last contents of the bag were undlsturb- Thursday and in his testimony dur-jed. All of the money was in useable ing the committee's closed session condition. Friday, Acheson denounced such I According to Holmes, a man who charges and stated his opposition declined to Identify himself because to world communism. "I don't want to get mixed up in He avoided any specific public commitment on his future policies in dealing with the Soviet union. Nevertheless, he will take office as a result of Senate approval based on his own statement and on the arguments of his friends that he Is not an "appeaser." This position is in line with Presi- dent Truman's own comments at a news conference last week. The President supported completely the policies which were developed un- der Secretary of State Marshall, describing them as being his own policies. The governor offered the legis- lature tax programs he said would raise the additional money needed to finance normal activities of state and to pay a bonus, without Imposing a sales tax. He also submitted a long range building program, to paid for by an additional statt property tax over a 15-year period. To raise the money to finance the regular budget, the governor, proposed using a balance of now in, the general fund, and: A two-cent additional cigar- ette tax. (The cigarette tax now is three cents a package.) A tax of 53 a barrel on all beer. (Strong- beer now is taxed at a barrel, 3Z beer at a. barrel.) A ?l-a-rallon increase in the hard liquor tax. (The rate now is a gallon.) A tax on tobacco pipe and plug tobacco, cigars and snuff, which now are not taxed by state. Key legislators generally agreed that Governor Youngdahl delivered a "good" budget they were in sharp disagreement as to told the police by telephone methods of financing his recom- 500 in currency stolen from a bank's mail shipment last week .was found yesterday stuffed under a culvert in Frame park. Postal Inspector E. J. Holmes said the money, still In the bag in which It was shipped by the Waukesha National bank, was located on an anonymous telephone tip to the Waukesha police. He said the tip came yesterday afternoon and that apparently the edge of Waukesha. A traveled street skirts the park. Holmes said the informant said he'd reveal his name "if anything comes of this." "We Holmes said, "that when the man finds out the money was located he'll come forward and help us again. He hung up before police could trace the call, so we don't know who he Is." Ten Coast Guardsmen Killed in Tanker Crash mended 42 per cent Increase in the cost of government. Representative Claude Allen, Bt. along the Fox river on the western Paul, chairman of the important Coast Guard Cutter East Wind Boston Ten Coast Guards- men were reported killed and ''scores" burned-and Injured in a fiery crash of the cutter Eastwlnd and a tanker in fog oft the New Jersey coast today. The Coast Guard said at Boston that report was radioed by the cutter's captain. The Coast Guard reported this radio message from Captain John A. Glynn: "Fire in midships area. Collided with S. S. Gulf Stream. Hit amid- ship in starboard side in C.P.O. (chief petty officer) quarters and total casualties unknown _but ap- proximately ten dead, mostly chief petty officers." The Coast Guard here said a tanker, the 8. S. Suzanne, radioed she was heading for New York with 17 survivors of the crash, two seri- ously burned and others with lesser injuries. Another merchant vessel, the S. S. Junior, reported rescuing 75 crew- men from the cutter. She carried a crew of about 160. Fire -was out of control aboard the Eastwind, the Coast Guard said, but flames were held above the ton tanker. No casualties were reported' among the tanker's crewmen. The crash tore the cutter so that her ammunition magazines were exposed and firefighters bat- tled in momentary peril of explo- sion, the' Coast Guard reported. house appropriations committee, was concerned about how the gov- ernor intended to replace the surplus he Intends to spend from the general revenue fund. "Replacement is Allen said, "to continue our pattern of spending. Any budget message that contemplates an increase of 42 per cent in cost out of the revenue fund will certainly have a critical inves- tigation and analysis of every mem- ber of the legislature." From Representative Ed Chll- gren of Littlefork, leader of the minority group, came fears that there will be a still and a home- brew tub in every home if we keep loading taxes on liquor and beer." He said the governor had a "good budget but that he did not believe the state should keep piling taxes on such things as liquor, beer and cigarettes. Tm was the first com- ment of Representative Curtis Ol- son, Roseau liberal. Pressed for qualification of his comment, Olson said, "To think that was a Repub- lican governor giving that speech when by and large the Republican party has opposed or has givea very little support to most of the things recommended by the gov- ernor." Governor Youngdahl estimated these taxes would yield an addi- tional a year. This, to- gether with the expected yield from present taxes, and the accumulation in the general revenue fund, would make it possible to balance the bud- get, he said. He suggested five possible sourcei (Continued on Page 11, Column 4.) TO0NGDAHL Wisconsin Professor To Teach in Norway Madison, Wis. A member of the University of Wisconsin fac- ulty will teach at the University of Oslo, Norway, during the second semester-, the college of agriculture reported today. Professor J, H. Kolb, chairman of the department of rural sociology, was granted 'a six months leave of absence to teach and make a study of rural life on community and neighborhood lev.els. He will leave Madison February 1.