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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 17, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Snow Tonight, Rather Mild On Sunday Buy A Winter Carnival Button VOLUME 52, NO. 282 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JAN. 17, 1953' SIXTEEN PAGES Bill Submitted To Give Ballot To 18-Year-Olds Proposal Calls for Amendment to Approved by Voters By JACK B. MAC KAY ST'. PAUL (fl Five Liberal members of the Minnesota House of Representatives today joined as authors of a bill to reduce the voting age from 21 to 18. Encouraged by a heavy vote, although insufficient for passage for the proposal by the 1951 House, the lawmakers, led by Reps. Fran- cis LaBroose, Duluth, and Odean Enestvedt, Sacred Heart, filed a bill with Speaker John A. Hartle for introduction Monday afternoon. The proposal calls for a consti- tutional amendment to be sub- mitted to the voters for approval at the next general election. Co- authors with LaBrosse and Enestvedt are Reps. Lawrence Yetka, Cloquet, Edmund C. Tie- man, Sauk Center, and William Shovell, St. Paul. Enestvedt pointed out that a similar measure got preliminary approval in the house two years ago and mustered 55 votes, only 11 short of the required total for final passage. "We should give our youth the right to especially in the light of the fact that they are considered old enough to be drafted into the armed forces to LaBrosse and Enestvedt said in a joint statement. "We feel our bill has a good chance for passage at this session. "When youngsters get out, of high school, they're around 17 or 18 years of age and three or' more years roll by before they have a chance to exercise voting privileg- es. That's too long a period to disenfranchise them and by the time they get to that age, after studying all about their govern- ment, they lose the desire to vote." The authors cited the strong vote received when voters in South Dakota expressed their sentiments on a similar measure, lowering the voting age to 18, recently. The measure 685 Votes. "A margin that close is virtually nwral LaBrosse said. "This vote is an echo of the clamor for this change which re- ceived much attention eight or 10 years ago. Why, in Georgia, 18- year-olds have been voting since 1943 following approval of an a- mendment to the constitution in a referendum." The Senate and House will con- vene Monday afternoon. No session was held today. 2 Held as Spies Slated for Court WASHINGTON HV-Two former U. S. Army intelligence men will make their formal answers next Monday to charges they conspired to deliver military secrets to Rus- sia. The two, Otto Verber, 31, and Kurt Ponger, 39, appeared briefly in U.S. District Court Friday but were given time to study the indictments against .them and en- gage lawyers before making their pleas. They were taken back to jail. Bail was set at each. Yuri V. Novikov, second secre- tary at the Russian Embassy here and alleged director of the spy ring, is under orders to leave the country. In Vienna, where Verber and Ponger were arrested Wednesday, an extensive roundup and investi- gation was reported under way, in the Austrian capital. Railroad Strike Threatens Canada MONTREAL Wl Canada faces the threat of a nation-wide railway strike unless wage and hour de- mands of railroad operating employes are met 'within two weeks. Representatives of the various trades within the Canadian Broth- erhood of Railway Trainmen voted unanimously Friday night to walk out Feb. 2 if s "satisfactory settle- ment" has not been reached by then. The action was announced by BRT President W. P. Kennedy. The BRT represents conductors, trainmen, porters, road and yard service employes and yardmasiers, as well as engineers and firemen working in yards. Regular firemen and engineers are represented by another union. The Brotherhood las demanded 35 per cent wage boost and the adoption of an escalator clause tie- ing wages to the cost of living index. It also seeks reduction of the work week from 48 to 40 hours. Wages- vary for the different jobs. The majority reports of 'two ar- bitration boards recently recom- mended an across the board wage increase of 12 per cent. Pat of La Plata, Md., shows a few of the souvenirs which have been approved for sale on inauguration day. There are sev- eral scarves, balloons, pennants, key rings, badges, costume jew- elry, charms of several varities and even a doll. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) FAIR TO CLEAR FBI 2 Reported Barred From Jobs With Ike By MARVIN ARROWSMITH NEW YORK Eisenhower's headquarters has re- fused to confirm or deny a published report that two minor New York office employes have been barred from prospective White House jobs on the basis of FBI inquiries. The report came as Eisenhower made ready to announce more ap- pointments to positions in the new administration tonight. The president-elect had no caU- ers scheduled in advance at his headquarters today, but he planned to be et his desk for a final round of work in Man- hattan. He leaves for Washington by special train tomorrow 'afternoon and will occupy the presidential Moves To Halt Truman Mandate on Oil WASHINGTON UP) _ Congress is moving in a variety of ways to nullify President Truman's trans- fer of the disputed offshore oil lands to a naval reserve. Rep. Hosmer (R-Calif) announced he will introduce a bill to rescind the President's order. He termed it "the death-bed act of a rejected politician." However, the most likely course of action .appeared to be passage of legislation giving states clear title to the submerged lands in question three miles offshore in most cases but 10% miles in the cases of Texas and the gulf coast of Florida. Forty senators al- most a majority of the 96 have joined in a bill taking this course. President -elect Eisenhower, who has said he would sign a state ownership bill, conceivably could nullify Truman's executive order with one of his own after he takes office Tuesday. Sen. Humphrey one of the apparent minority support- ing Truman, contends federal con- trol of the lands is needed to make sure that revenues from them used for all of our people." "be Costello Seeks Hearing, Parole WASHINGTON Iffi Frank Cos- tello, the imprisoned one-time re- puted czar of big-time gambling, today asked for parole and a hearing. The application was filed with the U. S. Parole Board. Costello, 61, is in the Milan, Mich., Federal Correctional Insti- tution serving an 18-month term for contempt of Congress. His convic- tion was based on his refusal to answer questions before the Senate Crime Investigating Committee. Costello started his sentence Aug. 15, 1952, and will be eligible for parole on Feb. 14, after serving one-third of his time. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Snow to- night, possibly beginning as freez- ing rain or sleet, not so cold. Sun- day mostly cloudy and rather mild. Low tonight 18, high Sunday 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at-12 m, today: Maximum, 23; minimum, noon, 23; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 23 at noon, mini 8-at p. m. sky overcast at feet, wind 3 miles per hour from south- east, barometer 29.83 falling rapid- ly, humidity 80 per cent suite at the Statler Hotel there un- til his inauguration Tuesday. The general spent yesterday aft- ernoon at Columbia University, where he said a sentimental fare- well to the students and faculty. His resignation as president of the university is effective Monday. Speaks at Dinner Last night he spoke briefly at a dinner given by the university's Law School. The New York Times said today that two employes at Eisenhow- er's New York headquarters "have been denied White House jobs ten- tatively assigned on the ba- sis of unfavorable Federal Bureau of Investigation reports." The Times story by W. H. Law- rence did not name the employes. It said they had been engaged in secretarial and clerical work and were named for important White House postions. The FBI, at the Eisenhower .headquarters request, has been screening all persons picked, for jobs in the incoming administra- tion by the President-elect, as well as those named by his appointees. Referring to the two Manhattan employes who reportedly have been barred White House jobs, the Times said: "This marks the- first time that the FBI has reported unfavorably on any of the new employes tenta- tively selected by the Eisenhower administration Eisenhower's press secretary re- fused to confirm or deny the re- port. "I have absolutely no com- Hagerty told newsmen. Asked whether Eisenhower knew about the Times story, Hagerty replied: "I don't believe -so." And he shook his head when asked whether he planned to dis- cus it with the President-elect. "The exact najture of the FBI's report on the two employes was not the Times said. "It was understood, however; that the FBI suggested the employes should not be hired because of something unfavorable in their records. The implication was that they were not disloyal but that they might prove bad security risks." Miy Embarrassing Lawrence wrote that "one offi- cial said an unfortunate aspect of the refusal by the FBI to clear the two employes was that it: might be embarrassing for a large num- ber of clerical and stenographer workers now at. the Eisenhower headquarters who never were slat- ed for White House jobs and who would cease work after .the head- quarters was closed down after the inauguration in Washington next Tuesday.'" About 125 persons are employed at the New York headquarters and less than half of them will be taken to Washington immediately. (Continued on 14, Column 1.) IKE GOP March On Washington Picks Up Speed Thousands Will Be in City for Inaugural Tuesday By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON Repub- licans' march on Washington picked up speed today. Many already were in town and others, by the thousand, were ar- riving for three days of festivities celebrating Tuesday's inaugura- tion of Dwight D. Eisenhower as president. Eisenhower himself, with Mrs. Eisenhower, is due in from New York late tomorrow. Under present plans he'll take no part in the pre-inaugural.doings but will stick close to his Hotel State suite until he attends a special church service Tuesday morning. The President-elect's fellow Re- publicans, set to launch their first administration since Herbert Hoover .took office in 1929, are feel- ing no compulsion to keep out of sight. Reception Sunday First item on their official pro- gram is a reception Sunday after- noon for governors and other em- inent, visitors, followed by an in- augural concert bji the National Symphony Orchestra and guest soloists Sunday night. Well in advance of these events, however, rank-and-file visitors are in the filling the hotels; .staking out seats from which they'll watch either the swearing-in of Eisenhower and Vice President-elect Richard M. Nixon at a.m., EST, Tues- day or the mammoth parade which will follow. Among the early arrivals were members of the Republican Na- tional Committee. They meet late today to name a chairman in place of Arthur E. Summerfield, who resigned to become Eisen- hower's postmaster general. C. Wesley (Wes) Roberts, former Kansas newspaperman, was ex- pected to be named. Already there's something of a carnival air about normally busi- nesslike downtown Washington. Eitchinen; are iawking the ?l-a- copy official on the street corners. Bright bunting fes- toons store fronts. Huge pictures of Eisenhower and Nixon are everywhere. Fair Rain There's one big weather. Possible rain on inau- gural day (here some people are calling it the "I" stand- ing for Ike) 'is forecast by the Weather Bureau. Officials of this nonpolitical bu- reau were quick to add, however, that these relatively long-range forecasts aren't to be trusted com- more than the Wash- ington weather is. In garages and open spaces around town, final touches are being administered to the colorful floats which will enliven the In- augural Parade. 5 Hurt in Crack iami Train Crash SAVANNAH, Ga. Wl The Atlantic Coast Line's fast Miami- to-Boston M i a m i a n passenger train crashed into the rear of a freight train in the fog early today and injured five persons, two crit- ically. Two diesel locomotives and at least eight cars were derailed, .some twisted and shattered, in the smashup about 3 a.m. at the near- by hamlet of .Fleming, Ga. The freight caboose and an empty pull- man burst into flames but the Ere was confined to them. A state trooper, E. E. Sharpe, said the Southern Railroad freight had pulled up with a hotbox on track used jointly by the ACL and Southern. He added that he under- stood it sent up flares but that they probably were not seen in the heavy fog and deep overcast. onqress Delays Wilson Approval This Picture, one of several obtained by Life Magazine from a Chinese photographer who.fled to Hong Kong and refused to re- veal his name, shows Chinese farmer Huang Chin-chi kneeling before his Communist soldier executioner on the sandy .soil of his native Fukang last July. Life Magazine's .caption says that, he and nine other small farm owners were condemned by a Red tribunal which moved into Kwangtung Province to enforce the Red land reform program. (AP Wirephoto from Life- Magazine) Fight for Power Reported in East Germany -BERLIN for power, -with life-and-death stakes, was reported today inside the coun- cils of the East German Commu- nist regime. Allied and West Berlin officials, who have sources of information in the Soviet zone said East Ger- man Foreign Minister Georg Der- tinger, who was arrested -Thursday as an "enemy was a victim of that battle. A half dozen of Dertingei's sub- ordinates have been picked up by Communist secret police in the past 24 fcpurs, it was learned, and the search'fbr scapegoats is spread- ing throughout the government of Prime Minister Otto Grotewobl. Directing the wave of purge arrests huge .6-foot-3 Wilhelm Zaisser, the Russian-trained chief of security police. German sources said Zaisser never bothered to in- form Grotewohl that he was snatch- ing Dertinger and let the prime minister find it out after it happen- ed. West Berlin circles believe Grote- wohl, a renegade socialist, to be considerably concerned now over bis own safety. Mississippi River Highway Bill Asked WASHINGTON Hennings (D-Mo) proposed Friday that'the government build a highway along the Mississippi River from its source' to the Gulf of Mexico. He introduced a bill to. authorize the commissioner of public roads, subject to 'availability of appro- priations, to undertake planning and construction -of the highway. Draft Dodger Gets 3 Years in Prison BALTIMORE G. Mul- ligan, who wanted so desperately to serve in the armed forces that he enlisted when he was under age, was sentenced to three years in prison yesterday for refusing' to be drafted. _ The "23-year-old 'Baltimore-man told a Federal Court judge hr'wai discharged when bis superior ficers learned his actual age. He said his attitude: has changed to- ward military service. Mulligan claimed no exemption as a conscientious objector be- cause, he said, he belonged to no organization b an ninj. military service. British Woman Held as Spy Ring Member VIENNA, Austria Wl U. S, agents rounding up persons sus- pected of being implicated in an .international spy ring sponsored by the Russians announced tonight the arrest for questioning of a Vienna- born British woman working for the U. S. Army. U. S, .officials identified the wo- man as Mrs. Theresa Harris, 30, who had been working for the U. S. Army -installation in Vienna since 1949. Mrs, Harris, whose maiden name was Theresa Kalmar, left Vienna in 1938 .before the Nazis occupied the city and went to Bri- tain, where she married an Eng- lishman. She was divorced from him in 1948 and returned to Vienna with her small son., Mrs. Harris is the third person U. S. officials have reported de- tained for questioning in connection with the arrest on espionage charges of two Ameri- cans, Otto Verber and Kurt L. Ponger.. U. S. officials' stressed that no formal charges have been preferred against Mrs. Harris. Yank Peddles Yo-Yos In Guatemala GUATEMALA, Guatemala (in An enterprising Yankee trader has peddled yo-yos here the past two weeks, creating a national craze." Representing a U. S. manufac turer and billing himself as the world yo-yo champion, the trader started demonstrating the string- and-spool gadgets around town Now the streets are full of imi- tators. The trader was identified as Har ry Norris, His American address was not immediately available. Leakage of Big Eniwetok Secret Probed By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON (Pi Navy and Atomic Energy Commission inves- tigators are still trying to find who and how'many men wrote letters home last fall telling about the world's biggest nuclear explosion at the heavily guarded Eniwetok Proving Ground. A preliminary report is in the hands of the Navy and AEC, it was learned today. But the two agencies would say only that .the investigation has not concluded. reports apparently .were made; by officials of the task foijee vwhich. conducted the latest atomic test series, including det- onation of a hydrogen device. They contained only confirmation that letters possibly containing in- formation intended to be secret ap- parently were mailed by crew members from ships of the force. What the investigators obviously are seeking are actual letters which'can be turned over to the Justice Department.-It will be up to the department to decide wheth- er- there is sufficient evidence for prosecution of some of the letter writers, as was hinted by AEC of- ficiate. The word of such action, in a statement by AEC Chairman Gor- don' Dean last November, may have prompted relatives who re- ceived such letters to destroy them and deny ever having re- ceived them. None of the number of letters published during the week or two preceding AEC announcement ol conclusion of the test series con- tained precise, technical informa- tion. But there has been concern lest the graphic word-pictures of an atomic cloud column, fire, blast and other features of unprece- dented proportions unintentionally may have provided Russian nu- clear scientists with valuable scraps of information. The assumption is that prosecu- tion of any cases would be under either the Atomic Energy Act or the various security regulations applicable to -military personnel. In either case, punishment could be imposed for violation of the law or regulations without in- voking the Federal Espionage Act. This law has provisions requiring that intent must be shown to in- jure the U. S. by deliberately transferring classified informa- tion. So far, there has been no suggestion that any of the letter writers had' any sinsister purpose. This. Pile-Up is the result when a fast Atlanta Coast Line pas- senger train crashed into a freight train that was pulling into a sid- ing to drop a hot box near Fleming, Ga. Five persons were in- jured in the collision. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Wonders About Huge General Motors Holdings Senators Cite War Contracts Going to Firm By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (ffl Republican senators asked President-elect Ei- senhower today .how to meet bi- partisan objections to confirming Charles E. Wilson as secretary of defense if he retains his huge Gen- eral Motors holdings. Two possible avenues were being explored around a legal barrier against Wilson's dealing as a fed- eral official with the motor firm, the largest Defense Department contractor: 1. Possible special legislation re- pealing present bans. 2. Interpretation of the spirit of the law to show it wasn't meant to apply to Cabinet officers. In New York Eisenhower's press secretary, James C. Hagerty, said he had no comment on the situa- tion or on speculation that Wil- son's name might be withdrawn. He said Wilson wat in Eisenhow- er's headquarters yesterday but did not talk to the President-elect Delay Action Chairman Saltonstall (R-Mass) of the armed services committee, which put off further action on the proposed Wilson appointment until Monday, told, reporters he wants to the matter -with Eisen- hower, Jr. and Sherman Adains. Brownell has been designated u attorney general, Adams as presi- dential assistant. Both House and Senate were out of session today, the. House until Monday, the Senate until Tuesday. Martin P. Durkin, to be secre- tary of labor, yesterday became the fifth of Eisenhower's Cabinet choices to be approved by com- mittee. The others: Arthur Sum- merfield, .postmaster gener- al; .Douglas McKay, secretary of interior; Ezra Taft Benson, sec- retary of agriculture, and John Foster Dulles, secretary of state. Yet to be approved, besides Wil- son, are Brownell; George M. Humphrey, secretary of the treas- ury, and Sinclair Weeks, secretary of .commerce. Sen. Morse of Oregon, former Republican turned independent; it clear that -even if the armed services committee ap- proves Wilson's appointment, he- may raise the issue in the Senate. This could stymie Republican ef- forts to get Senate approval Tues- day, inauguration day, of all Ei- senhower's Cabinet designees. in Opposition A freshman Democratic senator, Gore .of Tennessee, announced last night he would vote against Wil- son's confirmation unless the ap- pointee gives; up all of his General Motors stock holdings. The Tennessee senator said Wil- son has Wi million dollars worth of General Motors stock and that the auto firm holds 60 per cent of the government's defense, con- tracts on a dollar basis. Gore, emphasized that he did not question Wilson's ability, integrity or patriotism, but be said: "One must take notice that as secretary of defense, Mr. Wilson would be dealing in an extremely major way with the company in which he was' retaining a very large interest. 'This raises a serious question because it is against the law for an official of our. government to enter into contract with, or have financial dealings with a company in which he holds an interest." Morse said he believes the Wil- son case should be decided "on a basis of public policy." The Oregon senator said he "disturbed by the fact that at of last July 1 General Motors had of defense contracts and of Dec. 1 close to five billion dollars." "That raises a question of Mr. Wilson's financial interest in tb% defense Morse added. Morse- was knocked off the armed services committee several days ago. He became' an icdepend-' eot when he bolted the GOP dux-' ing' the presidential campaign to support the Democratic ticket. A committee member who asked' not to be named told reporters re- iring Secretary of Lovett'. had informed the croup thlt Gen- eral Motors has asked for an crease in its rate of profits on government contracts. ;