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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 15, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 280 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 15, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Tientsin Falls to Chinese Centennial News photo Governor Luther W. Yonngdahl is wearing a Winona Winter Carnival emblem and has been invited to the snow frolic here February 3-6. Here Winona Snow Queen Phyllis Wunderlich is pin- ning the emblem on the governor's coat lapel in the executive chambers of the state capitol at St. Paul. 300 Killed, 40 Injured In South African Riots Durban, Union of South hundred Indians and native blacks are believed to have been killed in two days of race rioting in the Durban area. Nearly 400 have been injured. The rioting ebbed somewhat today after the intervention of South African armed forces but sporadic outbreaks occurred in several suburbs. Officials in Johannesburg made the new casualty estimate They said a majority of the Indians are evacuating Durban, flee- ing to surrounding villages with their few remaining possessions. Police arranged areas of refuge where the Indians could come for protection. More than 200 police reinforcements already have The Cut in Air Force May Be Unwise By Stewart Alsop Washington The President' budget poses a simple but fateful question which the Congress is now called upon to answer. The ques- tion is this: Is it wise for the United States now to reduce de- cisively its offensive strength, in the one area in which this country is clearly capable of real superior- ity over its only potential enemy? Obviously this is about as important a question as any which confronts the Congress. There has been much sound and fury about the defense budget, and there will be much more. But the essential facts are simple enough. should be fully under- and they stood. Whether with ten divisions or 12, the American Army cannot in peace- time approach anything like nu- merical equality with the vast red army. Moreover, the Soviet union and its satellites are even now virtually Isolated economically from the rest of the world, and no one supposes that a naval blockade would have any decisive effect in case of war. THUS, AS WINSTON Churchill has pointed out, the real balance of power between the Soviet union and the non-Soviet world rests on the fact that the American long range strategic Air Force is believed capable of delivering atomic bombs to the industrial heart of the So- viet union. That is the one element which balances Russian superiority on the ground and Russian invul- nerability from the sea. This is, basically, the reasoning led the Congress last spring to authorize the organization of a 70-group Air Force. This reasoning is of course based on one assump- tion that in case of war the American long-range bombers could in fact reach their targets. Since this capability has often been questioned, certain facts should be emphasized. First, the new, im- mensely long-range B-36, destined to become the basic weapon of the strategic Air Force, has been cri- ticized for slowness and vulnerabi- lity. In fact, according to Air Force experts, the B-36 has now proved fully 25 per cent better in range, (Continued on Page 5, Column 5.) ALSOPS arrived in Durban. The fighting was between native blacks and Indians. One European (white) was killed and a dozen were injured as a result of the two-day riot. It was the first time South Afri- can military units have been called to quell racial violence. The dam- age was estimated at Defense Minister F. C. Erasmus wired Durban that if the situation grew worse he would proclaim a state of emergency The South African air force was held in readiness to move extra police to Durban. Five radio cars and 100 policemen already have been sent from Pretoria by air. Quiet Restored The Indians involved, a minority group in South Africa, are immi- grants and the descendants of im- migrants from India. Quiet was restored in Durban at about 3 a. m. Guns and stones, fire and clubs have been used in the clashes over the last 48 hours. The rioting broke out Thursday, when a young native boy was in- jured by an Indian market ped- hospital he had dler. He was taken to a and reports spread that seen killed. The incident snowballed into wholesale native attacks on the Indians. Whole families were slain in their homes. By the time the armed forces quelled the rioting in the city, it nad spread to the suburbs. Entire residential areas were put to the torch. Indian homes and stores were looted by native rioters, chanting Zulu battle cries. Clark Urges Revisions in Espionage Law Attorney General Wants Tightei Spy Restrictions By Jack Dams Washington A sweeping revision of the espionage laws has been proposed by Attorney General Clark as protection against "the treacherous operations of those who would weaken our nation intern- ally." He asked Congress for unprece- dented peacetime power to press spy charges no matter how long ago the offense occurred, and said law, officers should have the legal rlghtj to tap wires for evidence in such) cases. The bill Clark sent last night to House Speaker Rayburn (D.- Texas) and Chairman McCarran of the Senate judiciary committee embodied the unanimous recommendations of an interdepart- mental committee made up of F. B. I., Army and Navy intelligence experts. Follows Spy Probe Their submission to Congress fol- lows an 18-month investigation by a special federal grand jury in New York city into alleged foreign spy- ing in this country, and a lengthy and sensational inquiry into the same subject by the House un- American activities committee. The New York grand jury re- turned no Indictments for espion- age, and Justice department offi- cials asserted that it was hampered because existing laws place a limit on the time for proescutlng sus- pected spies. The grand Jurors did indict Alger Senators Hubert Humphrey James E. Murray (D.-Moat.) and Guy Gillette left to right, pose at the White House door in Washington after discussing a unified development of the Missouri river basin with President Truman. They said the President favors such a program. (AP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Agriculture Department teak Sought Two Children Die In Cambria Fire Cambria, small children burned to death I and three other members of a family of ten were injured In their rifles Into the air. Burning City Seized, li. S. Citizens Safe Communists Fire Rifles in Air Near American Consulate By Harold K. Milks Shanghai The great com- mercial city of Tientsin, battered by communist shells and afire in several places, fell to Chinese reds today in what may be the crown- ing blow to Chiang Kai-shek. Victorious troops of red General Lin Piao, conqueror of Manchuria, seized the burning city after a fierce artillery barrage that devas- tated old landmarks and many buildings. Radio reports from the "gateway to North China" described the city of as one of death and desolation. Many civilians were killed. Hos- pitals were jammed with wounded. Robert Smyth of Berkeley, Calif., U. S. consul general, radioed that all of his staff was safe. 'So far as can be ascertained all other Americans (about 80 in num- ber) are Smyth radioed. Down broad Victoria road, which winds through the heart of the former British concession, trje red conquerors marched, stopping in front of the T7. S. consulate I fire that destroyed a farm home near here early today. Washington The govern-1 The dead were Joanne Roberts, seven, and her brother, Larry, ment is trying to find out who tip- ped off traders a week ago that the Agriculture department was going to boost its export allocation of food fats and oils for this quarter. When news got out that the gov- ernment was going to hike overseas shipments of these items by 000 pounds, prices of same fats and Hiss, former State department offi- cial, on charges that he lied when up" he told them he never gave secret! There was no indication that the state papers to unauthorized per-1government itself suffered -financial sons in 1938. Whittaker Chambers, an admitted former member of the Soviet es- pionage ring, had testified before both the grand Jury and the House committee that he received import- anr documents from Hiss for de- livery to Russian agents. The attorney.general made no spe- cific reference to the 1948 spy hunt in his recommendations to ;ongress. But his proposals placed (loss because it has not yet gone into the market for that part of the fa1 allocation which it supplies occupied Germany and other areas. The official announcement of the extra export allocation was made yesterday. It called for pounds of lard, cottonseed .oil, soy beans, soy bean oil and peanuts in addition to the regular allocations previously announced for the Jan- uary-March period. Now officials want to know where heavy emphasis on measures design- ed to prevent any future filching the leak developed. of government information. Other Requests Besides the request for power toj evidence by tapping wires andi Dy-pass the statute of limitations] in spy cases, he asked changes in the espionage laws to: 1, Make the unauthorized pos- session of restricted government documents a felony. 2. Require the surrender of such Record Corn Storage Seen Washington The Agri- documents to proper authorities! cultlll.e department said yesterday without demand. farmers may store a record quan- 3. Make illegal the -ot corn from last year's big handling of national defense in- crop under government price-sup- formatioii which could be used "to porting loans. the advantage of any foreign na-i The largest quantity ever put un- instead of requiring intent to injure the United States, as at present. der such loans in a single year was bushels from the 1939 crop. That much corn would re- 4. Punish failure to report the quire a federal loan outlay of about oss, theft, "abstraction, or unlawful transmission" of re- The 1948 corn crop of stricted information. bushels was by far the largest ever Punish conspiracies involved In produced. This is possibly transmission or loss 000 bushels more than will be need- ed for domestic uses and exports. of defense information. 6. Require the registration as tor- Wayne, 15, and Caroline, 13, helped Niel, three, and Kay Ann, two, down the stairs. They fled through the front door. In the confusion, the Roberts thought all their children were safe until Nancy appeared at a window and jumped. Joanne and Larry, irapped on the second floor, could not be reached by the Roberts be- cause of the flames. The home, which The department is offering price- eign agents of all persons in this supporting loans at an average of country who ever received instruc- tions or training in espionage and a bushel. In mid-December, the latest date for which the de- 00 jdta of 's nonulation includes 110 sabotage under a foreign govern- partment has nation-wide figures, TrSanS and di- "or foreign political party." was bringing an average of o -an from the I 7. Make the failure to do so regls-) on the grain market, or 21 cont'nent The white Iter as a continuing to re- 1 cents below the average loan rate. (European) population is and the black (native) about twice move any possibility -an offender could fall back on the three-year Natives Denied Vote The last big native demonstration in South Africa occurred last Sep- tember, when blacks demon- strated against the segregation of whites, and non-whites on Cape- town's suburban railway lines. There is segregation on trains throughout the union. Natives cannot vote in parlia. mentary elections. The Indians have about the same status as the natives. Asiatic land tenure and represen- tation acts prevent them from pur- chasing or leasing property, except in certain specified areas, and give them only group representation in provincial councils End parliament. Used Car Sellers Draw Fines, Jail St. Panl Sentences of six months in jail and fines were stayed until January 25 for two Ottawa Finance Ministerlmen who pleaded guilty late yes- D. C. Abbott reports a Canadian jterday in manipulating bids in the budgetary surplus of sale of used autos. Canada Has Surplus that. The white population of South statute of limitations. Africa totals compared! 8. Requu-e the surrender of racJo, with blacks and telegraph and other commumca- Indians. jtions records to authorized agents of the government in connection with investigations involving the national security. 9. Make permanent the wartime laws prodding fine and one year imprisonment for violating military orders aimed at protecting the nation's aircraft, airfields, ships, harbors, ports or other water front facilities. for the first nine months of the current fiscal year. As of December 31, revenues were and expenditures were Judge Robert C. Bell imposed the sentences in federal court on Roy R. MUler, Minneapolis, and Lyle E. Sell, former administrative assistant: in the St. Paul Federal Land bank.1 Officials said today that prices of corn and other feed grains are ex- pected to continue at relatively low levels, at least through the first half of 1949. They said, however, that a short- age of storage space has forced some fanners to sell extra corn in the market rather than to take advantage of the loan. Under the support program, the fanner has the privilege of re- claiming the grain later by paying off his loan plus carrying charges. enveloped by flames, was destroyed. A search for bodies of the two chil- dren was to begin as soon as the ashes cooled, An oil burning stove was in op- eration in the kitchen of the home during the night, but Roberts was unable to say whether it had caus- ed the fire. The Roberts have lived on the 'arm about 16 years. Donna Lucille, ihe Roberts' youngest child and the four others who escaped unhurt were given refuge by a neighbor, Mrs. Richard Roberts, who Is not related to the stricken family. Taken From Mail Bag Waukesha, A mail bag from which in currency had been stolen was found near here today. The sack had disappeared Thurs- day night while being taken from the post office to the Soo line depot. The money, in good and mutilated bills, was being shipped to the Federal Reserve bank in Chicago by the Waukesha National bank. Postmaster Jay Lang reported that the mail bag was found by two hunters, Milwauke men, on a rural road. The sack was slit and the five. Both were children of Mr. and Mrs. Floyd Roberts, farmers four miles southeast of Cambria. The parents and another daugh- ter, Nancy, ten, were taken to Im- manuel hospital in Marikato. Hos- pital attendants said none was In serious condition. Mr. and Mrs. Roberts suffered cuts and burns In breaking win- dows to flee the burning home Nancy was Injured when she jump- ed from a second floor window. Roberts and his wife were asleep on the ground floor with their youngest child, Donna Lucille, sev- en months, when they were awak- ened by the fire about 4 a. m. Ro- berts sounded the alarm to six other children sleeping on the second floor. Bevin Pleased After Talks With Schuman London Foreign Secretary Bevin said today Britain and France have reached an agreement pro- viding hope for the world. He had conferred here for two days with French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman. "We achieved a great agreement which augurs well not only for France and Britain, but for Eu- rope and the Bevin told newsmen after saying farewell to Jchuman' at Victoria station. There was no announcement of the specific details of the agree- ment. Schuman told a news con- Blow to Nationalist Cause Before the United States Informa- tion service office In the former French concession, a few blocks away, they stopped and fired their rifles Into the air again as Ameri- cans watched from the roof of building. Confirmation of Tientsin's fall carna in messages received in Nan- king, where the blow to the .nation- alist cause is certain to have ter- rific repercussions. Pelplng, 80 miles northeast of Tientsin and headquarters of Gen- eral Pu Tso-yi, nationalist North. China commander, reported only that the reds had entered Tient- sin. Victory at Tientsin frees troops for an all-out assault on the port of Tangku, 27 miles down tha Hai river, and Taku, rail terminal, opposite Tangku on the river front. Pelping may be the next big city attacked by the infuriated reds, whose leader, Mao Tze-tung, only yesterday laid down an eight- point peace program and punctu- ated it with the boast that more military victories would bring Chi- ang's government to its knees. The reaction of officialdom la Nanking to his eight "peace according to James D. White, As- sociated Press correspondent there, was to vanish Into meetings includ- ference last night, however, that ing one of the cabinet. was quickly Bevin" had covered the whole range of world problems common to the two nations. He said also Bevin revealed "a lappy fact" about Indonesia. He declined to say what this fact was There was speculation here he mean a new American plan later re- ported from Lake Success to settle the trouble between the Ne- therlands and the Indonesian re- public. Schuman told Bevin as they part- ed: "I was very optimistic in coming and I am more satisfied than could hope." 'Mad Dog'Killers Convicted Again Chicago WP) Chicago's two youthful "mad dog" killers were convicted of a second murder today, and a criminal court jury fixed the penalty at death in the electric chair for one and 199 years' impri- sonment for the other. The six-man, six-woman jury set James Morelli's 'punishment at death and Lowell Fentress' at 199 years in prison. The Jury debated for nine hours yesterday-and reconvened today to weigh testimony that Fentress, j _ yvcigu. titoLrLLLJ.uujf 4.- money had been removed from an MoreU1> and a man fcjjied Emil inner pouch. The hunters notified postal in- Otherwise, he may surrender thejspectors by telephone. The officers corn as full payment of his loan, i claimed the bag. PARATROOPER SAVES 36 Fayetteville, N. C. A veteran paratrooper prodded 36 trainees out of a strickin "flying boxcar" and then rode the ship it crashed and burned. The crew of three was killed. Sergeant Robert Lee Hpdgkiss of Mount Pleasant, Ohio, the 26-year-old jump master, who was unhurt, told interviewers: "I heard the jump bell and knew there was trouble because we were only halfway to the drop zone. The other guys knew it too but they were calm. "We didn't have time to final check parachute harness. I just yelled 'Stand up! Eook up! The 36 men cleared the plane yesterday in about seven sec- onds, using doors on both sides. Hodgkiss said. After his men "hit the the 24-year-old combat veteran said the plane was too low for htm to jump. "I braced sat down in a can- vas jump seat, and thought is it. What of my wife and The beetle-bodied plane a C-82 sloughed into the scrub pine and sandhills and "we probably would have made it except for two lousy the sergeant said. The plane sheared off one tree at the base and uprooted another and then caught fire. "I ran to the front of the plane and got one of the crew- men out of the burning com- partment but it was too late, He was Hodgkiss related. The paratroopers were mem- bers of the 82nd Airborne divi- sion based at Pope Field near here. The plane was from the 37th troop carrier squadron, 316th carrier group at the Greenville (S. C.) Air Force base. Only one of the 36 jumpers was hurt seriously. He was Pri- vate Virgil V. Votava, Parkman, Wyo. Schmeichel, 30, in 1947. Fentress, 20, and Morelli, 21, al- ready are under sentence of 199 years' imprisonment. each for the slaying of John Kuesls, owner of a garage at 36th street and Emerald avenue. They have not been tried for a third slaying with which they are charged, Callis, 30. that of Theodore American Wheat Sought by Iran Washington The govern- ment of Iran is trying to buy around tons of American wheat to alleviate a domestic shortage caused by smuggling and hoarding, diplomatic officials said today. Iran already has been allocated tons of wheat. Recent re- ports indicate that up to. three times that much in addition will be required to meet the shortage. The meetings, said White, had been scheduled previously but took on an emergency air as national officials discussed the latest red de- mands for what appears virtually unconditional surrender. Unofficial Chinese reaction was that Mao's terms were "very fierce" and leave no rpom for bargaining. Chang Chien-hua, Manchurian legislator who has been promoting his own peace.program, said: "The red demands are too high just like Chiang Kai-shek's. How- ever, as long as they express Inter- est in peace there is still hope but if they really want peace they will have to soften their demands to some extent. For instance their de- mands that war criminals be pro- secuted are ambiguous, they could include anybody, therefore they are out of the question. This may freeze peace moves for the time being but they will continue." Shao Ll-tze, Nanking elder states- man who has been advocating peace and refused a post In the present Chinese cabinet, said: "The government will have to consider these terms. It does not mean, the door to peace is closed." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Rain and drizzle, changing to snow flurries and much colder tonight. Snow flur- ries Sunday forenoon, clearing in She afternoon; colder. Low tonight 22; high Sunday 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 42; minimum, 19; noon, 42; precipitation, .10; sun sets tonight at -sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec Chicago ...........40 Denver 50 Des Moines ........41 Duluth 32 international Falls Kansas City 30 49 Los Angeles .......49 Miami 76 Mpls. St. Paul 39 lew Orleans 75 New York..........43 Seattle 37 Phoenix 52 Washington .......BO Winnipeg .........27 36 18 32 28 20 42 34 60 31 56 22 29 35 31 21 .01 ;