Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 14, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Snow Beginning As Rain or Drizzle Tonight Buy A Winter Carnival Button VOLUME .52, NO. 279 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 14, 1953 TWENTY PAGES 2-Year State Budget Million Truman Sees Prosperity If '54 Slump Is Avoided Message At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS President Truman, in his economic message today: 1. Foresaw prosperity, high'employment through 1953. 2. Cautioned 1954-56 will bring a "serious" threat of slump. 3. Urged nation to shoot for 500 billion dollar a year production goal. 4. Ignored split in his economic council on anti deflation policy. WARNING TO RUSSIA Reds Told U. S. Will Get Tough (Japan warned Russia this week to keep its aircraft away from Japan or U. S. warplanes would, shoot them down. Thus the cycle has turned full wheel. Japan, defeated .in 1945 by the V. 'Russia in only for the brandishes V. S. armed might' against its old Soviet antagonist. Robert Eunson, chief of the As- sociated Press bureau in Tokyo, discussed the problems involved with U. S. State Department and military men in Japan. This is his size-up, based on those talks, of the newest twist in the cold war.) By ROBERT EUNSON TOKYO WV-Japan and the, United States have warned Soviet Rus- sia that they have embarked on a new, get-tough policy in-the Far East and they are ready to back it up with bullets. President Predicts 'Unparalleled Boom' To Continue in '53 By STERLING F. GREEN WASHINGTON (Si President Truman told the country today it New Year State Traffic Deaths Hit High of 26 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Deaths on Minnesota streets and highways during the first 13 days of the new year reached an un- official total of than five times the number in the same period Of 1952. By Jan. 14, 1952, only five traffic deaths were reported. Severe win- ter weather during the first days of last January served to hold down the number of travelers and consequently the deaths. Travel conditions so far this year can achieve production of half a have been generaUy good. The warning yesterday to power" left no doubt but slack trillion dollars annually within it beats a potentially serious threat of depression after this year. In his last major message to Congress, the annual economic re- port, Truman pictured today's "unparalleled high employment and stable prices as being good throughout 1953. But he said that thereafter: "We may face in the future, par- ticularly when defense spending can safely be reduced, -more serious tests of our ability to avoid de- pression those which have oc- curred s'ince World War II." With and intelligent" action, he said, the difficulties can be met and 10 years from America can. be producing gooc and services at the rate of 475 to 500 billion dollars a year, 40 pe cent above the present level 345 billions. The President ignored a 2 to split within his Council of Eco nomic Advisers which, it developed las disagreed on the outlook fo deflation in the next three year when' defense spending is due t that Japan was" talking about Russia, whose Kurile Island-based planes are only six miles from TODAY Use of Bomb Unspeakable, Unthinkable ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON What was left out was the really interesting part of President Truman's valedictory statement on the hydrogen bomb in his message on the state of the union. The President told the country and the world that this was a very terrible weapon. -He hinted that the hydrogen bomb, if used in war might change the tired, familiar face of this planet. What he did not say, but should have said, is that the mere existence of this weapon already raises the greatesi and most urgent questions of American national policy. We cannot just add the hydrogen bomb to our arsenal, tell Stalir to take note of it, and leave it al that. There are a few facts thai have to be faced-, considered and even acted upon. They may be summarized as follows: Sheer Power First, there is the bomb's sheer power. As previously reported in this space, the H-bomb tested at Eniwetok developed the totally un- expected and unprecedented power of three to five is the explosive force of three to five million tons of TNT. Further- more, the Eniwetok test is believ; ed to have proven the possibility of building deliverable and useable hydrogen bombs of almost infinite- ly greater power. The simple development of finitely destructive weapons auto- matically revolutionizes all our world's complex strategic relation- ships. When the greatest nations, such as the United States and the Soviet Union, can be reduced to nothingness by a single, short, suc- cessful attack, the world we live in has ceased to be the world we used to know. Second, there are the special, horrible characteristics which are peculiar to the hydrogen bomb. The radioactive residues of a rath- er moderate number of H-bomljs, such as might be exploded in a fairly long war, can attack 'the re- productive processes of the higher animals, and so end the race of men on earth. Some of the scien- tists contend that the dust cloud from the explosion of only a few H-bombs, which have been encas- ed in certain metals, will be nox- ious enough to depopulate half a continent. Third, and most important, there is the virtual certainty that the American monopoly of hydrogen bombs cannot endure for very long. Our all-out effort to build an H- bomb only began in 1950. Long be- fore 1950, the Soviet scientists were entirely aware that an H-bomb could be built. It must be, and it (Continued on 11, Column 4.) ALSOPS I Hokkaido, isle. Japan's northernmost At least one-Soviet plane already has been escorted from Japan. So far no bullets have been fired. The warning means that planes and anti-aircraft guns are pte- .pared to handle the next violation with force if necessary. TheA re no particular signifi- cance in the timing of the warn- ing. There has been no marked increase in tKe number of viola- tions of the Japanese skies. But continuing violations have caused concern. Menu Busineis Shooting down a Russian MIG over Hokkaido would have caused a lot more flap internationally be- fore'the warning was issued than it would cause now that the Soviets have been told Japan and the U. S. mean business.1 Both nations concurred in the warning and both the U. S. Am- bassador Robert Murphy and Gen. Mark Clark came through swiftly with statements warning. backing up the Two interesting questions remain to be answered. 1. Why are Soviet planes flying over Japan? 2. What happens to a Soviet plane and its pilot if one is shot down or forced to land inside Japanese territory? The 20 to 40 Soviet planes re- ported over Japan since June could have been reconnaissance planes or they could have been thrill-seeking jet jockeys of the Russian variety. Most of them, however, are be- lieved to be reconnaissance planes, taking photographs of security force installations. There are two purposes for reconnaissances: (1) to find out if the other side is get- ting ready to hit you, and, (2) to find out what his defenses are be- fore you hit him. Covered With Snow The first is the mijst logical The clash was disclosed in th Council's economic review, lent t Congress along with the Whit House message. Chairman Leon Keyserling and the newest mem ber, Robert C. Turner, called fo and govern ment measures to prevent possi ble post-defense unemployment anc slack markets from spinning into 'a more serious deflationary spi ral." Vice Tartly ind Tersely Chairman John D. Clark dissented tartly and tersely. Hi foresees no business conditions changes, he said in a footnote which are "threatening enough to require new counter-deflationar; action by the government." Clark refused to help draft two long chapters of the advisers' re port in which his colleagues ap praised the hazard, as they see it, and discussed preventive action The President did not deliver the message in person but sent it to the Capitol to .be read by, clerks. 'Truman stuck to his policy o making no specific recommehda tions to the new Congress. In tone however, his message followed tha of Keyserling and Turner. Their conclusion was that, if governmen' and business move wisely anc promptly to expand markets, the post-defense dip can be held to proportions they termed "manage- able." Reapportioning Bill Introduced ST. PAUL The first re- reason this instance, because Hokkaido is covered with four feet of snow, in its vulnerable places and it is doubtful if the Soviets would attack now. 7 Die in Fire At Nursing Home WARREN, Pa. elderly ivoman is dead and six 'our of them miss- ng in the wake of a windswept ire which early today destroyed an isolated 14-room nursing home near this Western Pennsylvania city. The blaze was discovered short- y after midnight. Firemen from learby Youngville said the two- tory frame building was envel- iped in flames when they arrived. Louis Heath, who lived near the home, said he rushed to the scene nd earned Mrs. Mary McComb, 3, of Union City to safety. Mrs. A. McCoy, 60, who had oper- ;ted the nursing home for more ian 10 years, said she escaped through a side door. Firemen said the blaze apparent- ly started on the first floor where two coal stoves were used to heat the entire building. apportionment bill of the. 1953 ses sion was introduced in the Minne- sota Legislature today. The bill, by Sen. Homer Carr, Proctor, proposes an amendment to the Constitution. The amendment would provide for election of one senator for each population, where the Con- stitution now says and one representative for each where the Constitution now says The amendment also would pro- vide for consideration of territor ial boundaries and area in divid- ing the state into legislative dis- tricts. The only basis now provided in the Constitution is population. Legislative districts of the. state have not been changed since 1913. Sen. Carr submitted another bill to amend the Constitution to vide for session of the Legislature each year in place of th.e present 90-day session every two years. Both amendments would have to be approved by the voters of the state. Other new bills included two by Sens. E. L. Anderson, St. Paul, and Donald O. Wright, Minneapo- lis, to permit widows to use the names of their late husbands in running for. office and in transact- ing business if elected to office. These would apply to such cases as that of Mrs. Mike Holm, secretary of state. She ran as Mrs. Mike Holm, but is required to sign state papers as Virginia Holm. Latest victim reported, bringing the toll to an average of two a day, was Edwin Riste, 58, Florence. Riste died in a Tracy hospital late Tuesday after his car and the engine of freight train collided at a Highway 91 crossing south of Russell. Riste was the only storekeeper in Florence. Russell is 14 miles southwest of Marshall. Riste is survived by his widow, two sons and five daughters. New Purge May Be Bait for German Alliance VIENNA tf) Does Communist East Europe's new wave of anti- Jewish trials and purges mean Russia is looking for a new version of the Hitler-Stalin pact of 1939? And will the Soviets offer divided Germany unification and her pre- 1945 territory now'held by Poland and Czechoslovakia, in exchange for neutrality or a new Moscow- Berlin axis tieup? Western'diplomats, in Vienna be- lieve' these are possible explana- tions for-aw-widespread liquida- tion known to be basically anti-German, in the Iron Curtain countries around Ger- many's eastern periphery, and for the purge of Jews from public life in East Germany. This'explanation, to the sources here, is more' often-expressed Dulles to Give Senate Data on Trip to Europe Hope Nominations Can Be Acted on Inauguration Day By JACK BELL WASHINGTON a move toward a bipartisan foreign policy, John Foster Dulles has proposed to discuss Korea and other prob- lems with Senate Foreign Rela- tions Committee members shortly after inauguration. The new secretary of state prob- ably will come before the. com- mittee at an informal session Fri- day, and some members said they want to hear about his projected trip to Europe. Chairman Wiley (R-Wis) called the committee together today for approval of his plan for advance questioning of Dulles and Harold E. Stassen, slated to be mutual assistance administrator, so that their nominations can be acted upon inauguration day. James Hagerty, press secretary for President-elect Eisenhower, an- nounced in New York yesterday that Dulles and Stassen will go to Europe late this month -at Eisen- hower's request to get information "in relation to U. S. participation in NATO and in economic assist- ance." To Discuss Problems While this trip might delay the proposed conference, Dulles is known to have told Capitol Hill friends he wants to discuss world Korea with them, as soon as he gets squared away in bis new job. Se- lected Democrats apparently would be included in such discussions. _____________ This may provide the lawmakers their first insight into what logical theory than that the the current anti-Semitism is a bid for Arab favor. See Similarities Sources here see many similar- ities between the present and the s from' 1936 until the Hitler- Stalin pact shocked the world. Then, as now, there was a liquid- ation of all potential critics of Stalin's cynical foreign policy manipulations. Before the 1939 pact, Russia's )ld Bolsheviks were eliminated. Many were Jews who could have been expected to oppose Stalin's deal with the Nazis. Leon Trotsky was murdered in Mexico, removing a potential rallying figure for the opposition. Maxim Litvinoff was ousted from the Foreign Ministry and replaced by V. M. Molotov. The Polish Communist party was surged of elements who would have opposed the partition of their country between the two dictators. Today, Jews are being removed- :rom influential positions in East Germany. In Czechoslovakia, 11 top Communists, eight of them Jews, recently were hanged. Their eader, Rudolph Slansky, was i mown to fear German rebirth. In Poland, former Communist loss Wladislaw Gomulka and others soqn may face a mass' trial. They ttobably would oppose any Krem- in deal to revise the present Polish-German border in Ger- many's favor. Romania's drive on the Jews has .caught former For- eign Minister ithers. Ana Pauker plans Eisenhower has madeVsince his December visit to the Far East toward bringing the war in Korea. i to a close. In a statement yesterday, Wiley promised to work for a bipartisan policy and said he will insist that there be "full representation for the minority" in conferences wit! the State Department. Sen. Taft new mem her of the foreign relations group said he expects. Dulles will- be asked to outline his European visit agenda at Friday's meeting. Dulles, an expert on Japan through his, negotiation of tha- country's peace treaty, probably will be questioned by the foreign relations group about the U. S decision backing up a Japanese warning that Russian planes vio lating her- borders' will be shot down. Backed by U. S. The Japanese action, backed by U. S. armed might, was applaudec by influential senators. And both Republican and Democratic mem- bers of the House Armed Serv- ices and Foreign Affairs Commit- tees, agreed in approving the Jap- anese warning and in predicting Congress would support it, ii necessary. Sen. Wiley said that.if Ameri- can planes shoot down such intrud- ers, "We will be acting strictly within our rights." "International law is on the side of the he said. "This is just another example of the Kremlin's lawlessness." Sen. H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ) said he thinks it time the U. S. "called the Russian bluff in the "It is. my does not Linda Mat-Mat, 7, most recent patient to enter the Warm Springs, Ga., polio foundation, smiles from her wheelchair as she inspects this 130-pound cake just before it was sliced. The cake, bearing a likeness of the foundation's founder, the late Franklin D. Roosevelt, was part of a celebration commemorating the cen- ter's 25th anniversary. Behind Linda is Fred Botts who was ad- mitted to the foundation as a patient in 1927. (AP Wirephoto) Far East." He added: judgment that Russia want to precipitate a war in the Far East. We should be firm in John Foster Duties, left, who win be Secretary of State in Eisen- hower's administration, and Harold E. Stassen, who will- direct foreign economic aid, leave meeting at Eisenhower headquarters in New York Tuesday. At Eisenhower's suggestion they will; leave the United States late in January for 10 days, of conference in" Europe. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) the Mutual Security Agency; and Gen, Walter Bedell Smith, who will be under secretary of state and who now is chief of tie Cen- tral Intelligence Agency. The conference was arranged after Eisenhower decided yester- day to send Dulles and Stassen to Europe at the end of this month within two weeks after the Pres- ident-elect takes office next Tues- an on-the-spot survey of problems facing the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The decision that Dulles and Stassen will go to Europe was made shortly before the conclu- sion of two days of Eisenhower conferences with his full Cabinet and other top officials of the new administration. Today's conference probably will deal to some extent with the forth- coming mission to Europe but it will be concerned primarily with defense and foreign policy prob- lems on a global basis, Eisenhower aides said. They added that the central theme will' be the idea o: security against Communism. Eisenhower met with his Cabi- net and other top officials for 7V4 hours yesterday and then an nounced these new appointments: 1. T. Coleman Andrews, of Rich- mond, described as an inde- pendent Democrat who supported Eisenhower for the as commissioner of the Internal Rev- enue Bureau. 2. Charles R, Hook Jr. of Cleve land, vice president of the Chesa- peake and Ohio Railroad, as dep uty postmaster general. Hook is a Republican. 3. Elbert Parr Tuttle of Atlanta, Ga., an attorney and Republican state chairman, to serve as gen eral counsel of the Treasury De- partment. Hook's salary will be a year Andrews will receive 000 and Tuttle, Defense, Foreign Policy Staffs Meeting With Ike By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH NEW YORK Eisenhower called in the new ad ministration's national defense and foreign policy chiefs today for a global strategy conference on security against the threat of Com munism. Asked to attend the session were Charles E. Wilson, secretary of de fense-designate; John Foster Dulles, who, will be secretary of state Harold E. Sta's'sen, Bodies of 40 in C46 Crash May Stay Until Spring FISH HAVEN, Idaho of 40 persons who died in a C4( Vote With Majority WASHINGTON All senators from Minnesota, the Dakotas, Wis- consin and Montana voted with the majority Tuesday when the Senate denied Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore) a seat on its Armed Services Committee approving a leadership-chosen slate of 14 other vote was 81-7. members. The WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and colder tonight and Thursday. Oc- casional snow beginning as rain or drizzle tonight. Low tonight 16, high Thursday 22. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 39; minimum, 22; noon, 35; none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (N. Central Obtervitioni) Max Temp. 22 at noon, Min. 21 it a.m. Noon overcast at visibility 2% miles and fog, barometer 29.83 fall- ing, humidity wind calm. crash on a desolate mountain ridge near here may not be re moved from their frozen graves until spring. Col. Harry J. Kieling, executive officer at Hill Air Force Base near Ogden, Utah, said an Army identification team from Washing- ton, D. C., was due here today "to take over the highly technical job of identity and removal." But Kieling said due to condi- tions of the bodies aad the heavy snow the removal job may have to be postponed until after spring thaws. "There are, bodies all Air Force Capt. E. W. Morris of Lock Haven, Pa., who directed the first search party to reach, the wreckage, said. "An arm, a leg, a piece here and a piece there. You would have to dig all the snow off the mountainside to get the bodies out." The search party reached the 'grim scene .yesterday. The big Army transport smashed into the mountain last Wednesday. Badger Legislature Opens New Session MADISON The 1953 Legisla- ture convened today to face a full load of problems covering taxes, appropriations, highways, pensions, conservation and the nine-lived re- apportionment issue. The Republican dominated As- sembly and Senate will be guided by veteran hands selected in GOP caucuses Tuesday. Mark Catlin Jr. of Appleton de- feated Arthur Mockrud of Westby in a battle for the Assembly floor leader's post, by a vote reported unofficially as 43-28. GOP senators agreed on Warren Knowles as floor leader in their house. The Democrats were to caucus today, Catlin is returning to the posi- tion he held in the 1941 and 1943 meetings, and was expected to re- gain in 1951. He suffered a surprise defeat in the 1950 primary and in his absence the floor leadership went to Mockrud. Dr. Ora Rice of Delavan was re- elected speaker of the Assembly without opposition. He will name he committee chairmen in his jranch. Alfred Ludvigsen of Hart- ,and again will be Assembly cau- cus chairman. Anderson Seeks Higher Tax on Beer, Iron Ore School Fund Shift Proposed to Help Balance Accounts By ADOLPH JOHNSON ST. PAUL UP) Gov. Anderson asked the JUiraesota Legislature today to approve a record budget to run the state for the next two years, and to increase iron ore and beer taxes to help finance it. The total general revenue fund budget compares with 21 being spent during the two year period ending June 30. The tax program the governor offered would affect the same items as the proposal of .former Gov. Youngdahl to the 1951 Legislature, which re- fused to impose any new taxes. To help balance the budget, governor suggested that 36 be diverted from the income tax school fund to help pay the cost of care and education of child- ren in seven state institutions. The 1951 Legislature diverted a million dollars for this purpose. Income Fund The income tax fund now in dedicated to aids for elementary and high schools. The governor said he feels such.-aids should be increased, but left the amount to the Legislature. He reported the fund is in "excellent with an estimated balance of 621.13 as of next June 30, and estimated receipts during the next two years at million. Outside his general budget, the governor proposed a building program, to be financed over the next 15 years by a proper- ty tax levy ranging from .99 of mill to 1.06 mills. The budget message, which call- ed for increased appropriations for all but one major department, dis- closed for the first time that there will be a balance estimated at -in the .general revenue fund on June 30. Until today there had been'no indication there would be any balance. in History The budget is the first in history to take into account the fact that usually from four to five per cent1 of the money appropriated is not spent. The governor pointed out that about of the money appropriated for the current two year period will not be spent. He said applying this factor would re- duce his recommended appropria- tions to He estimated present tax source! would yield during the next two yearns. Besides the anti- cipated balance, he said there would still be needed to balance the budget. He suggested that iron ore oc- cupation and royalty taxes be in- creased by two and a half per cent from 12 to He es- timated this would bring an ad- ditional into the general revenue fund the next two years, iiased on anticipated record ship- ments of 80 million tons of taxable ore each year. He further recommended that the abor credits section of the iron ore tax law designed to take nto account high costs of certain ;ypes of mining should be vised to produce an additional Beer Taxes The remainder of the needed he proposed, could be by increasing beer taxes by ;l a barrel. He estimated this in- crease would yield The ax cm beer now is a barrel :or 3.2 beer and a barrel 'or strong beer. The governor said the increase would amount to only a fifth of a cent a glass or a third of a cent a bottle. "I he said, that such a program will have the least ill effects and will prove least burden- some on the people of any pro- gram I can suggest." He added, however, that he would welcome other suggestions. His major recommendations for. appropriation increases over those; )f two years ago were for con-, tinuance and improvement of the mental health proram, for develop- ment of a rehabilitation program ind services at the University ot Minnesota, for teachers colleges, nd a million dollar program ag- inst, brucellosis, a disease trans- mitted from cattle to human beings.. These were among the specific-, udget recommendations: 1 Mental health, ujh from two years ago. Penal institutions reform, 885.04, up Other state institutions, 32.36, up irrol Flynn Better NAPLES, Italy HI Errol Flynn. "much better" and probably will be released .from the hospital unday, his doctor said today. For two weeks the film star een suffering from jaundice and atigue. Work on his current .filmi, ere has been suspended due to his 'illness.