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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 14, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 279 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 14, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES inese Reds Assail U. S. Pacts The Alsops Centeralists In France Under Fire By Joseph Alsop Paris For any American in his sense, it Is brusquely sobering to discover the powerful influence of Washington on the internal poli- tics we at home would consider the private affairs of the nations of Western Europe. A year and a half ago only Ameri- can financial aid p saved most West- A. T. T., Western Electric Split Asked Federal Suit Filed to Divide Two Concerns Justice Department Charges Absence Of Competition G. S. Jaeck Named Parole Board Head The Justice de- suit to dlvorce succumbing to] the American Telephone Tele- dictatorships either of the left or of (graph Company and Western Elec- the right. But this phenomenon has now developed into something much more complex and in some ways alarming, Here in Prance, for instance, the basic law of the European Recovery program has the effect of pushing the Paris E.R.P. administrator, Da- vid Bruce, Into the center of the whirling maelstrom of French poll- tics. It Is worth examining the problem in some detail to see why this is so. VERY CRUDELY speaking, the grand political contest in France is now between the men of the center the members of the Socialist, RaoUcal and parties and General Charles de Gaulle and his followers. The communists were the menace that first caused French- men to rally to de Gaulle. Their present role is to help de Gaulle by such attacks on the French economy as the recent coal strike. The demand for de Gaulle, the strong man, always grows louder when political of financial insta- bility Increases, and subsides pro- portionally when the outlook Im- proves. It Is something of a miracle that the French center has survived thus far, through the long succession ol Ramadler, Schuman, Keynaud and Queuille cabinets. None the less, It has survived. And since the passage of Prime Minister Queullle's rather precariously balanced budget, most wiseacres even give the center at least a chance to survive In the future. Survival of the center Is difficult for two reasons. Certain issues, such as the radicals' deep disagreement with the Socialists about state plan- ning, deeply divide the center par- (Continned on Page 2, Column 5.) ALSOPS Attlee Reported In Good Health thorough medical examination shows Prime Minister Attlee is in good health and has completely recovered from a Duo- denal ulcer and nervous ailments, a statement from his residence at 10 Downing street said today. Eczema of the feet induced by nervous strain put him in the hos- pital last September. The ulcer was detected by later examinations dur- ing the several weeks he was in the hospital. After he returned to work physi- cians ordered him to trim his work outside the office to a minimum. trie Corporation. Western Electric is the manufac- turing subsidy of A. T. T, Attorney General Tom Clark an- nounced that the action, in the form of a civil antitrust complaint, was filed this morning in federal district court at Newark, N. J. It charges A. T. T. and Western Electric, which is a wholly-owned subsidiary, with "conspiracy to mon- opolize" the telephone business in the United States. Would Dispose Holdings Clark said he is asking that A. T. T. be required to dispose of all its holdings to Western Electric, and that the latter be dissolved and re- organized into three separate com- peting manufacturing concerns. In addition, the attorney general requested court Borders require gt- 32-year-old for- Instructor, Gordon S above, Minneapolis, today both companies to make their nu- merous patents in the telephone field available to any person or company desiring to use them on a "reason- was appointed by Governor Luther able royalty basis" and to supply jYoungdahl as chairman of the Min- such persons or companies with "know-how" for their use. The Justice department asserted In the Newark action that Western Electric makes and sells-more than 90 per cent of all telephones and telephone equipment sold In the United States and that "a substan- tial part of the remaining ten per jnesota board of parole. Jaeck, supervisor of probation and parole services for the youth con- servation commission since October 1, 1947, will succeed Reuben C Brustuen. The governor decided to replace Brustuen, whose six-year- term, expires Saturday. cent is produced under the direct! Asserting that the state is "very control of Western Electric." Largest Corporation I fortunate" in obtaining the services [of Jaeck, the governor said: It asserted that A. T. T., thej "The parole work is closely iden- largest corporation in the world from i tified with the work of the youth an assets standpoint, operates more conservation commission, since the than 98 per cent of all the facilities chairman of the parole board is used in long distance phone service I made a member of the commission in this country and owns and con-1 trols operating companies In the Bell system which furnish approximately 85 per cent of all local phone service. In view of the Joint ownership of the manufacturing and operating ends of the business, the Justice de-j mission." partment said there is "an absence of effective competition which has by law. "Mr. Jaeck has an unusually fine background of experience in youth work and I know that he will work in close cooperation with the mem- bers of the youth conservation com- WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy and mild tonight; low 26. Saturday mostly cloudy, becoming colder Saturday nlglil. High Sat- urday 38. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 42; minimum, 20; noon, 30; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECASTS Minnesota and Wisconsin: Tem- peratures will average four to eight degrees above normal. Normal maxi- mum 14 north to 30 south, normal minimum six below north to 11 above south. Turning colder north- west Saturday and entire area Sat- urday night and Sunday. Rising temperatures Monday and Tuesday resulted in higher prices paid for telephone equipment." The petition asserted that if and when Western Electric is broken down into three new companies, the Bell system should be required to buy telephone equipment "only under competitive bidding." Clark asserted in a statement: "The chief purpose of this action Is to restore competition In the manufacture and sale of telephone equipment now produced and sold almost exclusively by Western Elec- tric at noncompetitive prices. "This, in turn, will lower the costs of such equipment and create, j a situation under which state and federal regulatory commissions will be afforded an opportunity to re- duce telephone rates to subscribers." Closed Market The Justice department asserted that "the closed market" In the telephone field "has been used by the defendants to delay the intro- duction Into the Bell system as :nt of ments in the 'art of telephony in order that maximum returns might be secured from existing equipment, even though less expensive and more efficient equipment was avail- able." The department said the Bell system "developed its own very ex- pensive automatic system even though less expensive and more efficient automatic equipment was available from an independent manufacturing concern." It added that although A. T. T. developed the present common hand tele- phone set in 1910, it was not Intro- duced into the system as standard equipment until 1927. With respect to the sale and dis- solution of Western Electric, the suit said its manufacturing activi- The new chairman, who assumes his duties Monday, was connected with the Hennepin county probation office for seven years. He became deputy probation officer on January 1, 1930, and later served as super- visor of social services for the Juve- nile court. He also was in charge of the training University center for of Minnesota graduate stu- dents, set up within this depart- ment. Bulletins Washington (fP) Dean Acheson won unanimous ap- proval of the Senate foreign relations committee today to be secretary of state. Tokyo Hyon Hikosof, 39, vice-chairman of the right- ist Young Men's Federation, founders of Korea, was killed last night by an unidentified assailant in front of his hotel. New York After limp- ing along more than an hour over the Atlantic with two of its four engines dead, a Pan American Airways DC-4 was re- ported to have landed safely last night in the Azores Islands. RennebohmAsks Badger Budget Of 152 Million Two-Year Period Funds Requested Up 16 Million By Arthur Bystrom Madison, Os- car Kennebohm asked the Wisconsin legislature today to appropriate a minimum of for state operation from the general fund for the next two years. This represents an increase of approximately over cost of operation In the biennium ending next July. In a message prepared for deliv- ery to the assembly and senate, the chief executive said he was recom- mending expenditures of about less than had been re- quested by department heads. Despite boost in expenditures, the governor said, the legislature, if it follows his recommendations, can meet expenses without increases in taxes and still provide a comfortable surplus. Department heads requested not including additional educational aids. The legislature granted in extra educa-1 tional funds in 1947. The governor urged that the total be cut to but that at least as much be provided for educational! needs as was supplied two years ago. This brings the total budget to I These Young Men have been chosen as the nation's ten "Outstanding Young Men of 1948" by the United States Junior Chamber of Commerce. Left to right: Nelson Harris, 33, presi- dent of the Ton! Company, Minneapolis; George A. Smathers, 35, congressman from Florida; Thomas C. Hasbrook, 28, national president, Blinded Veterans association, Indianapolis, Ind.; Walter W. Cene- razzo, 35, president of American Watch Workers union, Boston, Mass.; Lou Boudreau, 31, player-man- ager of the world champion Cleveland Indians. Charles A, Hufnagel, 32, instructor In surgery, Harvard medical school; Frank P. Zeidler, 36, mayor of Milwaukee; Elvis J. Stahr, Jr., 33, dean and professor, .college of law, University of Kentucky; Mike Gorman, 34, reporter, Dally Oklahoman, Oklahoma City, and Sidney S. McMath, 36, governor of Arkansas. (AJP. Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) St. Paul Man Among Ten Outstanding Men of '48 Tulsa, Okla. The United States Junior Chamber of state will have spent about commerce announced today its selections ol the "Nation's Ten at the end of the 1947-49 outstanding Young Men of 1948.' period. The general fund budget does not The winners, none of whom are over 38 years of age, were Include funds that go into revolving chosen by a panel of 13 judges which Included President Dwlght appropriations. This money will ag- j D. Eisenhower of Columbia university and Harold E. Stassen, gregate approximately president of the University of Pennsylvania. the biennium, the governor most of which Is not subject to leg-j islative review. Governor Rennebohm was crltica' of revolving appropriations, which include money that goes into high way, conservation, postwar construc- tion and other funds. He called them "wrong in adding that the legislature and governor "should have control over these funds which belong to the people." Revenue Estimate The chief executive said it was estimated that general fund revenue would be for 1949-50 and for 1950-51. This is a total of or about les than revenues for 1947-49 Budget Director E. C. Giessel esti- mates that revenues from genera! taxes would decrease In the next two years to cut the state's income by Other miscellaneous .ncome also is expected to slump in the period. Biggest drop Is anticipated In in- come tax revenues. Giesell believes receipts from this source will be (Continued on Page 12, Column 2.) GOVERNOR p Stuck Finger Stays 3 Hours Kansas City Garageman Edward J. Collins stuck a finger nto the grease hole of a truck transmission yesterday to measure the grease. The finger stayed for three hours. Police, firemen and an ambul- (lance arrived. Part of the truck frame was cut away and the trans- mission was moved to a workbench Mechanics prepared to drill around the grease hole so they could saw through the steel. At that point Collins' finger came like that. mark set by two Rus- sians, A. Goussarov and V. Glebov, little change Wednesday. Precl-j ties should be separated into two pitatlon will average one-tenth of making telephones, telephone an Inch or less north to one-quarter of an Inch south. Snow flurries northwest and light rain or drizzle southeast Saturday with light snow again north portion Monday and Tuesday and light rain in south portion Tuesday or Wednesday. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE .09 .12 Max. Min. Prec. Chicago ...........34 25 Denver 46 18 Des Moines 35 21 Duluth 35 33 International Falls.. 27 10 Kansas City 36 34 Los Angeles .......50 41 Miami 80 58 Minneapolis-St. Paul 36 19 New Orleans 69 51 New York .........43 37 Seattle 41 30 Phoenix 57 37 Washington ........49 33 Winnipeg ..........24 17 apparatus and equipment, and a third company to manufacture "special products not used exclu- sively in- telephony." The breakdown, the petition said, should be substantially as follows: Company number one Haw- thorne works, Archer Avenue shop, 47th Street shop, Kolmar Avenue shop and Clearing shop, all now located in Chicago; St. Paul shop, St. Paul, Minn., and Lincoln shops, Lincoln, Neb. Company number two Kearny works, Kearny, N. J.; Point Breeze works, Baltimore, Md.; Queensboro shop, Brooklyn, N. Y.; Nassau I Smelting and Refining Company, Inc., Staten Island, N. Y., and Ken- more plant, Buffalo, N. Y. Company number three Phila- .17 delphia Specialty shop, Philadelphia, Pa., and Electronics shop, New York city. Use of Northfield Square For Athletic Field Denied St. Paul The Minne- sota supreme court today block- ed the city of Northfield from converting a major portion of a public square into a high school athletic field and play- ground. The supreme court unani- mously granted the appeals of four landowners and taxpayers Leal A. Headley, Martha J. Watts, Mary F. Bunday and Olaf objected. The decision, delivered by As- sociate Justice Harry H. Peter- son, reversed Judge Axel B. Anderson of Rice county dis- trict court and granted a tem- porary injunction to the land- owners. On March 7, 1856, John W. North and his wife platted land owned by North as the then town of Northfield and in the plat dedicated "the streets and public square" shown thereon for "public use." The taxpayers alleged that the term "public square" as used in ttie dedication meant an ornamental square and a square to be used and enjoyed by the public generally. They contend- ed it did not. mean a square or space to be 'used as a school athletic field or school play- ground. The complaint was di- rected against the city and the joint reaction board. "Any use of a public square by a city, Inconsistent with the uses intended by the dedicator, constitutes a breach of trust and a violation of the statute Im- posing the trust in such Justice Peterson wrote. "Since the facts establish plaintiff-abutting owners' right and threatened violation there- of to their Irreparable injury, a temporary Injunction should have been Issued as a matter of course, and It was a clear abuse of discretion to refuse to grant one." Odom Sets New Honolulu to California Mark By Philip Blaring San Francisco Winter weather stopped lanky Bill Odom a continent short on a flight he had announced as a nonstop attempt from Honolulu to New York. But it didn't rob him of a new world rec- ord for light planes. The 29-year-old flier, dapper in! the gray plaid "lucky suit" he worn on two record around-the- Walter W. Cenerazzo, 35, Boston, The ten men and their citations are: Frank P. Zeidler, 36, mayor of initiating a cost of living commission whose Investigations are a model for other cities, and for other municipal ad- vancements." Sidney S. McMath, 36, governor of Archie Miller Chosen State Senate Leader By Jack Mackay St. man who played the clarinet and saxophone in Min- neapolis bands to pay for his edu- cation today emerged as the leader of the state senate. He is Archie H. Miller, 60-year- old Hopkins lawyer and former Minnesota lieutenant governor. He becomes the senate majority leader his fight as a pro-j to succeed Senator Charles N. Orr secuting attorney In ending 20-year control of a Hot Springs political machine "and for setting an ex- ample for young men In public service." George A. Smathers, 35, U. S. re- presentative from his amendment to the Immigration act of 1917 simplifying international travel and his generally progressive legislative program." Lou Boudreau, 31, player-manager of the Cleveland Indians' world championship baseball his unique role In the national past- world flights, landed his 185 horse- power, single engine Beechcraft Bonanza at Oakland airport at p. m. last night. He was 22 hours and six min- utes and statute miles from his Honolulu takeoff at p. m. Wednesday. Official recognition of his record must await approval by the Nation- al Aeronautics association. But the distance computed by Civil Aeronautics authority offi- cials is about 313 miles over the in 1937. Odom's record is for light per- takeoff and strong which buffeted him sonal aircraft with a motor cylinder displacement of 6.5 to 9 litters. There are three other categories, all based on cylinder displacement, for such planes. Rough air after the Honolulu head winds at daybreak yesterday forced Odom to alter his announced plan to fly to New York via Seattle on only 260 gallons of jasoline. He changed his course for "a land- fall off San Francisco, and 19 hours! 55 minutes after his take off his Beech" flew over the Golden Gate bridge. Then the weather conspired' against him once more. The CAA president of the American Watch Workers his 'coopera- tive capitalism' program and ad- vocacy of what he terms democracy in labor union organization." Richard Nelson Harris, 33, St. of St. Paul, who died Monday. Miller, a Republican and member of the state senate since 1931, was the choice of senators at a caucus in a downtown hotel room. Al- though the meeting was secret, It was learned he won over Senators Oscar Swenson, Nlcollet; A. R. Jo- hanson, Wheaton, and Henry H. Sullivan, St. Cloud, after three bal- lots. Attending were 55 of the 56 con- servatives among the total senate membership of 67. By virtue of his selection, Miller will become chair- man of the rules committee, the board of strategy for all legislation that comes Into the upper chamber. It will be necessary for Miller to resign as chairman of two commit- vehicles and the com- mittee on committees. It was learned that Senator Mil- ton Lightner, St. Paul, president pro last session, will be home permanent Tvave business (the Tonl Company) in four years on an original investment of Elvis J. Stahr, Jr., 32, dean and professor of the University of Ken- tucky's college of his out- standing work as one of the nation's youngest deans of a fully accredited law school." Thomas C. Hasbrook, 28, Indian- apolis, national president of the Blinded Veterans continuing his work as public rela- tions representative and industrial editor (Eli Lilly Company) de- spite handicap suffered In the ex- plosion of a land mine." Mike Gorman, 34, reporter for the Daily Ofclahoman, Oklahoma "for his writing which exposed con- ditions in Oklahoma's mental In- stitutions and resulted in a model mental health act." Dr. Charles A. Hufnagel, 32, In- structor hi surgery at Harvard uni- versity's medical devel- opment of a techlque to repair the aorta blood vessel with a plastic tube made of lucite and establish- had no de-icers. Odom said he "tried to pick a told him of clouds and icing condi- ment of artery banks similar to tions over Nevada. His little plane blood banks." The ten men will be guests at a distinguished service award ban- quet in St. Joseph, Mo., on January 21, the 29th anniversary of the U. S. Junior chamber's founding. They will be presented with ruby- studded keys and hand-painted pla- hole through the clouds over the mountains, but it was no go." He turned back over Reno, Nev., returning to Oakland. Irish Sweepstakes Tickets Seized Philadelphia Described by ,he raiders as one of the biggest hauls of its kind here in several worth of Irish hos- pital sweepstakes tickets were seized by .ice squad members aided by S. Postal agents. Inspector Craig Ellis said the raiders arrested Frank Nolan, 32, on a charge of setting up an illegal ottery. ques. In addition to Eisenhower and Stassen, judges Included Dr. C, W. Mayor of Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Living Costs Break Turkish Government Ankara, Turkey Premier Hasan Saka's government collapsed today under violent opposition from all sides over Turkey's steadily mounting cost of living. pointed as a member of the rules committee to fill the vacancy creat- ed by Orr's death. Miller's was viewed as a compromise between extreme con- servatives and the most liberal members of the majority bloc, and also as a compromise between the city and rural groups. In April, 1943, when Harold E. Stassen resigned as governor to en- ter the Navy, Edward Thye, then lieutenant governor, became chief executive. Miller, president pro tern of the senate, at that time, became lieutenant governor. Miller now Is also president pro tern. Miller is opposed to a sales tax and he believes the proposed state liquor monopoly bill is unwise leg- islation. He also Is in favor of the soldiers' bonus. Two additional bonus bills, one supported by the veterans of for- eign wars, were introduced in the house Thursday afternoon. The VFW measure provides for payment of a month for domestic and a month for foreign service, with no limit on the total bonus payment. Representative James O'Brien, StiUwater, chief author of the VFW bill, estimates the cost will be about The American Legion bonus bill, Introduced In both houses, calls for payments similar to the VFW's but It provides a limit of The other bonus measure Intro- duced in the house Thursday calls for monthly payments for do- mestic and monthly for foreign service, with a maximum period set at. 40 months. Representative Robert Sheren of Mankato had the honor Thursday of guiding to passage the first bill in the house. The measure, intro- duced by the judiciary committee, would make it possible for Man- kftto to take advantage of an es- pecially low rate of interest on the airport bond Issue. Demand Made Condition of Peace Talks Seven Other Terms Listed by Mao Tze-tung Shanghai Mao Tze-tung, Chinese communist leader, today demanded abrogation of treaties be- tween China and the United States as one of eight prerequisites ol peace. The red leader, in a language broadcast heard here, al- so demanded trial of "war crimi- presumably to follow any peace move. Mao, accusing Chiang Kal-chek jof warring against the because he was lured by the glitter of American weapons, called upon the Nationalist leader to show the sincerity of his desire for peace by accepting Mao's conditions. Mao said China was depending on United States support against the peoples' will. He added that red soldiers will liberate them. Eight peace conditions (which may be modified by an English language broadcast) were given: 1. Trial of all "war Chiang heads the red list of "war followed by Chiang, who Is now In the United States. 2. Cancellation of constitu- tion. 3. Calendar years to be counted from Anno Domini and not from the Republic of China's founding. 4. Elimination of "reactionaries" from the government and army. 5. Confiscation of capital. 6. Land reforms. 7. Cancellation of "treacherous" treaties with Imperialist nations. J. Formation of a. state council to include all Chinese elements, ex- cept reactionaries. Meanwhile, negotlatow with the reds were reported rep- resenting not only their own city but Peiping and the rest of north China under General Fu command. There was no Indication, however, that they were making any progress, and the communists were using ar- tillery on both Peiping and Tientsin, apparently trying to bring about a swift capitulation. The report of the broadened scope of tlie peace talks from As- sociated Press Correspondent Spen- cer Moosa In Peiping, who also said that the ancient capital of Chins, was shelled for the second day In a row. Two Brothers Dead in St. Paul Crossing Mishap St. brothers were killed and three of their relative! injured last night when an auto was struck at a grade crossing here by a Rock Island passenger train. Victims were Harrison M. Crouch, 60, West Concord, Minn., and nil brother Irving, 69, of Portland, Ore. Both were in St. Paul visltlngr third brother, the Rev. Charles Crouch, pastor of Hamllne Method- ist church. Hospitalized were the wife of the pastor, Mrs. Beulah Crouch, 43, her seven-year-old daughter Cheryl, and the widow of the Portland victim. Police said the Crouch machine allowed one train to pass, then started onto the tracks In the path of .a second the driver apparently failed to see. The auto was carried more than 200 feet before the 'train was halted. Mr. Crouch said only the press of church duties had kept him from being with the family group. Harrison Crouch was In St. Paul awaiting the Monday release of his wife from a hospital, where she was operated on a month ago. He Is also survived by a son, Harley, op-. erator of the family farm at West' Concord, and Mrs. Burdette Hart, Pine Island, Minn., a daughter. Party Helps Jap Youth to 'Confess' Tokyo Full of sake, a Jap- anese youth confessed that he be- headed an American filer during the war. Authorities were unable to find- any American reported killed In the- area, Nagoya, on the date the youth boasted he had slain one. Investigators finally found that the youth actually had witnessed the beating of an American who had parachuted to earth near Nagoya. Sobered, hours later, the youth' admitted he had just started, bragging at a sake party, after Hideki Tojo was hanged. He was released with the monition to drink less gaJce. ;