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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 10, 1950, Winona, Minnesota COLD TONIGHT, WEDNESDAY VOLUME 49, NO. 275 SEE'INSIDE WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 10, 1950 TODAY- China Under Red Control, What Next? By DeWltt Mackenzie A.P. Foreign Affairs Analyst Now that the Chinese commu- nists have had their sweeping vic- tory bolstered through recognition of their government by Britain et al, what can we expect next? What is the significance of the loss of China to the democracies? Britain reminds us that formal recognition of a government! doesn't approval but but may merely be acknowledge- ment of the ob- vious fact that a going regime I has been estab- 1 i s h e d. Well, that Is true, but I recognition by a major power is_________ in effect a pass- Mackenzie port which can carry the new gov- ernment far with other nations. That recognition may be an open sesame for further recogni- tions. Moreover it is likely to strengthen the hand of the Chi- nese communists In spreading communism in the Far East. SO WE MAY TAKE IT for granted that one of the early de- velopments will be application of pressure by red China to bring neighboring Asiatic countries Into the communist fold. One of the strangest things about this incon- gruous situation is that the British commonwealth foreign ministers, headed by England's Foreign Sec- retary Ernest Bevin, are meeting at Colombo, Ceylon, to devise ways and means of preventing! spread of communism. But to develop our theme, does establishment of the Pelplng com- munist regime mean that all! China's half billion people have! been communized? It does not. It means that the red armies have virtually knocked out the Nation- alist forces militarily. The prob- abilities are that the vast major- ity of the Chinese peasants are neither communists nor National- ists. However, the Chinese at this juncture certainly are under com- Ship Denied Aid Into Shanghai Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg Chairman Tom Connally (D.-Texas) of the Senate .foreign relations committee and Secretary of State Acheson, left to right, converse today In Washing- ton before beginning a closed door discussion of U. S. foreign policy. Acheson was expected to deal particularly with the Formosa and general China situation in his meeting with the committee. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Reds Acknowledge Honr Kong: (IP) Communist China acknowledged British recog- nition, today. The reds said they [would like to negotiate for the open- ling of diplomatic relations. It was the first word from the New Coal Strikes Called Recognition Move to Needle Operators m u n 1 s t worthy of domination. And it's note that the nations which now have red governments comprise about souls, or close to half the population of tlw world. BACK OF THE ernment stands Moscow. General Mao Tze-tung, the Chinese munist leader, is now in the Soviet capital and it Is reported that he and the kremlln are near agree- red regime since Britain announced recognition last Friday. And It was only a cryptic announcement re- leased by the official New China News agency. The release said Premier and "deign Minister Chou En-lai has the nomination of J. C. than soft coal miners are on strike to- day. Many of them don't even know why. Industry spokesmen say the walkout is another effort by united Mine Workers President John L. Lewis to needle mine operators into XLMW. officials denied the By raghtfall scores of mines signing a contract. The strike began yesterday morning, (action was ordered by union headquarters. Hutchison as Britain's charge d'af- to negotiate establishment of Chou has expressed willingness, it said, to establish relations on a ment on over-all Chlno Russian of equality mutuai Denefit relations. Observers believe thati the agreement will bind China andj ma ana j Russia together very closely] 6 economically and politically. The big question mark would; seem to be Manchuria. This is onej of the richest portions of China! and naturally Mao is anxious control it. However, Russia thus far has given no indication of re- laxing her grip on this big area which not only is well developed industrially but provides a power- ful strategic position In event of war. Reports from Moscow leave no doubt that General Mao is bent on extending his holdings. AND WHAT DEFENSE can Chiang make? Madame Chiang in her farewell broadcast as she was about to leave America for For- mosa to join her husband, put it like this: "With or without help we shall fight. We are not detested. Un rcmittingly and with the tenacih of lite we shall fight nnd bleed1 the e n e m y. Everywhere in China's mainland our guerrillas, will keep the torch of liberty. "The oppressed people on the mainland will be prepared so that- at n given signal they will rise up simultaneously and overthrow the yoke of communist domiri- tion "with our returning armies. To this we are dedicated with ourj lives." I That isn't just poetic fancy. It: is in fact Chiang's plan. i d t f territorial sover- "lel Polio Victim's Bike Stolen were empty in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Kentucky, Alabama, Vir- ginia, Ohio and Utah. Some were willing: to tails with outsiders abouf tho strike was decided on at meetings of their U.M.W. locals. Other miners said their locals held no meetings', they're lust stay- ing away from the mines because! the healthy thing to do when there's a strike on." It's not a nation-wide strike. The idle diggers are only about one- ;ighth of the men employed n the bituminous (soft coal) in- dustry. Some industry sources said the walkout probably will end without warning, Just as it began. They termed it a planned policy of har- rassment which will continue to I strike at random here today, somewhere else next week. No full scale work stoppage is expected. That might create just the "emergency" required for gov- ernment Intervention under the Taft-Hartley law. For example, miners in who struck a week ago Rain Heightens Flood Peril in Illinois, Indiana Hundreds Driven From Homes, Cold Weather on Way By The Associated Press More rain fell today over parts of the flood-stricken areas of Il- linois and Indiana. Rescue crews worked to halt further breaks in levees along rampaging rivers and streams. Strong winds prevailed through- Much Talk, Little Action Expected on Paring New Budget By Douglas B. Cornell congressional economy clamor grew louder toaay around President Truman's out-of-balance budget. Nearly all the senators and House members were saying openly or behind their hands that spending will be too high, the deficit will be too big and they ought to get out the ax and go to work on the budget. Yet in years past all that talk of economy in January often has turned out to be still just that in June still just talk. And some lawmakers are aware that this year's economy campaign also could turn out to be more talk than action. Senator Aiken (R.-Vt.) summed up that point of view: out most of the flood region, creat- ..j bave bgen anticipating a de-! ing a new hazard. Weather bureau! ftcn. And it is going to be diffi- offlcials said the high winds would! cult to pare it any in this elec- make "heavy seas" of water in the tion year. We may be able to make lowlands. But temperatures were mild, bringing a measure of relief to. the hundreds of persons who have been forced to flee from their homes. Damage to crops and property some reduction but not to any great extent." 1 Nor were there any loud calls mounted as waters spilled over thousands of acres of rich farm lands. The critical situation at Vin- cennes, Ind., appeared somewhat eased as the rain-swollen Wabash river receded slowly during the night. Army sandbagging operations on the weakened levees for two days, ex- pressed the' belief the worst of the flood was over. Await Cold Wave Meanwhile, a cold wave, with SlUWly engineers, directing taxes, if anything. for a hefty tax Increase, or even for the one Mr. Tru- man keeps asking for. A tax into drifts, boost would help blot out some of the In red ink that's in prospect for the year staring next July 1. Sentiment seemed to be running the other way, toward a cut in New Cold Wave, Strong Winds, Invading State By The Associated Press Another cold wave moved into Minnesota today, accompanied by snow flurries and strong winds that whipped the freshly-fallen snow winds up to 50 miles an hour, mov- ed across Montana, the eastern Dakotas and Minnesota. The strong winds whipped snow into huge drifts in some areas of the cold belt. At Minn., visi- bility was zero as 50-mile-an-hour winds whirled snow. The mercury hit zero and colder readings were forecast. It was below zero in Montana and parts of the Dakotas as skies cleared. Thermometers tumbled sharply 'as the cold 'mass- moved into Wisconsin and Iowa and head- ed for northwestern Illinois and northern Indiana. Mason City, lo-j MnMoves To Curb Mine Crisis Urged By Norman Walker Washington Twin moves shaped up in Congress today to provide new legal tools for dealing with John L. Lewis. One was a resolution due to be introduced by Senator Ferguson (R.-Mich.) asking President Tru- man to invoke his emergency pow- ers under the Taft-Hartley law to end the present three-day coal mining week. The other was the suggestion by Senator Robertson (D.-Va.) that the Senate banking committee I Meramec river in St. Louis coiin sponsor a move to apply the anti-'ty, Mo., Yesterday after five Furthermore, it looked as it that deficit might be big- ger than Mr. Truman counted on. He based his estimate partly on an idea that Congress would up mail rates by If Congress fails to provide part or all of the increase, the deficit will go up by just that much. A bill to raise postal rates by has been okayed by a House committee, while a 000.000 bill has been approved by a Senate committee. But backers say they expect trouble In get- ting either one all the way through Congress. The deficit Is the gap between the spending and In income Mr. Tru- man estimated for the government in the coming fiscal year. w.epor 36 above The new figures compare with at midnight to 13 bove at 5 a.m. 0 o f expend.tures of revenue and a For the most part, Democrats were silent on the budget. Here and there one of the top leaders Rain fell over areas from cen- tral Pennsylvania to the North At- lantic coast and there were thun- derstorms from Arkansas to Ken- tucky. Fair weather was reported in the South Atlantic states; the Rocky mountain region and the far southwest. Rain fell in parts of Washington, Oregon and northern California. Guard Trucks Available Governor Adlai Stevenson of Il- linois, who inspected the stricken region in southeastern Illinois yes-' terday, ordered National Guardj aKBH tO KOCnCSter U.S. Tanks Consigned To Formosa Damaged Freighter Remains Anchored Off China Port Washington Defense Sec- retary Johnson said today that tT. S. destroyers have orders (1) To help the steamer Flying Arrow reach any port but Shanghai, and (2) To leave immediately if ths vessel proceeds toward Shanghai. The destroyers Bausell and Stic- kell are standing by the Isbrandt- sen line freighter oft the China coast. The Flying Arrow was shell- ed yesterday by a Chinese National- ist gunboat blockading communist- held Shanghai. In a Joint statement, Johnson and Secretary of the Navy Mat- thews said the destroyers reported that the Flying Arrow has 17 holes in her hull. All except one were made by 40 millimeter projectiles. Ship at Anchor Shanghai (Wayne Ricliardson, SI, vet' eran Associated Press corre- spondent, signed on as a crew- man when the Flying Arrow headed out from Hong Kong to run the Chinese -Nationalist Wockade of communist-held Shanghai, fie is the only re- porter aboard. He was there through the thick of the shelling by a Nationalist gunboat off the mouth of the Yangtze river. He is stilt there writing the story as it unfolds.) Aboard the Flying; Arrow Freezing rain at Eau Claire andjxwo United States destroyers, an- Fark Falls, Wis., was turning near this shell battered slaet and blowing snow. Hazardous (freighter late today while a Chi- drlvlng conditions were predicted'---- for most of the state. The mercury, which had climbed Highway travel was hampered by the blowing snow and slippery roads. In the east-central section of the state a freezing drizzle glazed roads, making them treacherous. Temperatures over most of the state were above zero during the night. Bemldji and Alexandria, however, had four degrees below i zero for the coldest readings in the' state. Duluth, on the other hand, re- ported a low of 23 above during the night. Willmar, in western Minne- sota, had zero, St. Cloud three above, International Falls six, the Twin Cities eight and Rochester nine. The winds will die down tonight, the Weather bureau said, with continuing cold. into the 40's at Milwaukee, Madi- the 30's predicted nesg Nationalist gunboat hovered on the horizon. The destroyers Bausell and son and Lone Rock during night, slipped back Into the this morning and was falling rapid- ly. The cold wave warning contained a forecast of winds up to 50 miles deficit'of for the pre- per_nour sent year closing next June 30. reporter were quick to seize the opportun- ity for criticism. Accident Victim vehicles placed at the disposal of workers in the Mt. Carmel and Lawrenceville floodlands. Conger, Mar- jtinson, 15, of Conger, who has been trust laws to labor unions. houses, undermined by flood wa- Lewls, meanwhile, stuck to his ters toppled into that stream. No position that mine owners sign was injured. A number of oth- ___ T. A.mnn nil A n nnrQT-Ort O JJJUlUlS WI1U 3lil UUa Ui-Ui." iiiiiic __ returned to work yesterday just as i his United Mine Workers' terms. houses were endangered TCe walkout in seven other ThnsH are a 95-cent daily waee Meramec at Valley Park soared to the current walkout in seven other states began. Those are a 95-cent daily wage boost for miners now receiving a 15-cent increase in Principally affected at present! and are the captive mines owned by the present 20-cent tonnage royalty _, _ i.r__I fnt- "nralfaTO flmH !United States Steel Corporations and other steelmakers, plus the! big Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Company. the miners' welfare fund. Most of the coal operators have Kidnaper Gets to 40 Years Crookston, Minn. A term of up to 40 yrar.s in prison giv- en todny to Raymond Dempsey. 25- Jo Ann Vandenabecle Detroit Shyly, six- year-old Jo Ann Vandenabeele looks up at visitors. Her eyes are dark and bright beneath her roughly bobbed hair. But the perky red hair ribbons are falsely cheerful. "My bicycle's she confides sorrowfully. That, of course, is a trag- edy in the life of any young- ster. But for Jo Ann, the loss is doubly hard. Jo Ana's bike was specially fitted. She's a victim of in- Draft Extension Request to Have Early Hearing Washington An early hear- ing on President Truman's request for continuing the peacetime draft was promised today by the House armed services committee. But Chairman Vinson hinted strongly that it will get scant year-old Goodridge cook, who plead-] fantue paralysis and the bike ed guilty to kidnnpinir a seven-year- old "Red" Lake Fulls pin. Sentencing by District Judtre J. H. Sylvestre followed a resume of trie 'case presented by Charles Boushton, Red Lake county attor- ney. Dempsey pleaded guilty Satur- day to the kidnaping charge which j was based on the abduction and' assault on Vivian Shannon, Red] Lake Falls girl. November 21. j Dempsey Is accused cf luring the. Shannon girl into his car. The pirlj told authorities of a night-long au- tomobile ride and abuse. The girl wandered into a Pennington coun- ty farm yard the next morning. Authorities said she had been choked and apparently lift for dead near a haystack. Dempsey was arrested several hours Inter. The girl later identified him as her assailant as she lay in a Crook- j ston hospital. was used to restore strength to her less. Jo Ann would get on the bike and pedal away. It had two small wheels at the rear to help her balance. Her fath- er, Fred Vandenabelle, a mechanic, worked three days fitting the attachment. Since using it, her mother says. Jo Ann has improv- ed steadily. The bike help- ed give her strength to stand up without support. But when Mrs. Vandena- beele went to get the bike Monday, it was gone from the family parage. Only the at- tachments remained. Jo Ann wept when told cf the theft. "Mommie, I wonder who would do a thing like she said. "Everyone knows I need that bike." Nearly 100 persons were since suffering a head to evacuate their homes along the injury in a traffic accident early last week, has been taken to St. Mary's hospital in, Rochester. Doc- tors here decided on this move after he failed to respond to treatment. Examination failed to show any fracture of the skull. Habitual Rochester Offender Sentenced a crest of 30 feet from a flood; stage of 14 feet. Flood damage in one Illinois county Jasper was partially estimated by Farm Adlver R. E. been getting steadily hotter since j the old pact expired last July 1. Neither President Truman nor Robert N. Denham, general coun- sel of the National Labor Rela- tions board, showed any signs of acting on separate demands that they seek court injunctions to force miners back on a five-day week. Miners now are working on a three-day week on U.M.W. Presi- dent Lewis' instructions. It is ad- mittedly a pressure move to achieve the union's goals. An ex- ception Is the miners in sev- en states Who went out on strike yesterday. The coal diggers abandoning the three-day week for a no-day week for the present are groups employ- ed by steel company mines and sympathy from members who al-lthe big Pittsburgh Consolidated ready have voiced open opposition! coal In Pennsylvania, to keeping selective service on thejohlo, Kentucky, West Virginia, Al- books beyond the June 30 explra- abama, Virginia and Utah, Rochester, Minn. Graver South, 57, Rochester, was sentenced ature of 15 below in the northwest tonight. Zero to five above Is due in the southeast. Dealers Cite Competition Minnesota Implement Dealers association's general manager today reported competition has returned to the implement selling business. Some of the competition, C. A. Partridge told the association's an- nual convention, is of the cut- throat type. Reports to Partridge's office in Owatonna have toM of some dealers eliminating handling charges In pricing goods to customers, and some engaging in unprofitable trading for used equipment. There also have been reports of price cut- ting. Stickell steamed here to help Tanks Going To Formosa car- loads of tanks and armored can consigned to the Chinese gov- ernment at Formosa were load- ed aboard a Turkish freighter at a Philadelphia pier today. Officials of the Reading Com- pany disclosed that the tanks and cars were transported over Beading; Lines from some- where in Ohio" to a pier the Deleware river In Port Richmond, located in the north- eastern section of Philadelphia. Loading: was begun this morning aboard the freighter, S.S. Mardin, owner by Marta X.A.S. of Istanbul, Turkey. Agents for the ship, B. H. Sobclman Company, Inc., Bald tlie ship will depart next week. The agents declined to give detailed Information on the consignment, stating an agree- ment with the Turkish company prohibits release of any news reports to the press. Volcano Erupts On Greek Island patch up the riddled Flying Ar- Athens The volcanic little row for whatever is in store for to up'to three years'in state prison'island of Santorini in the Aegean her m tne future. today as an habitual offender. Au-j sea began erupting smoke today. tion date. Vinson informed the committee today that Secretary of Defense Johnson is expected to send a draft extension bill to Capitol Hill later this week. 'Of course we will promptly give a hearing to the Defense depart- ment's request." he said and add- ed: I think I know exactly what this committee will do." Vinson's view were set forth last fall in a letter to President Tru- man. At that time he said there was little chance Congress would extenditomorrow at 7-41 Mr. Truman has held to the po- sition that there is no coal emer- gency warranting his use of the emergency injunction clause of the Taft-Hartley act. WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 42; minimum, 10; noon, 10; precipitation, trace of snow; tonight at sun rises peacetime conscription. Secretary of the Army Gordon Gray and men have total between and thorities said South had appeared island, one of the Cyclades in About 25.000 acres of farmland inlin court here 70 times since 1932, i the Grecian archipelago, has a pop- the county are under water. (mostly on intoxication charges. of about other military spokes- argued for continuing draft legislation as a token of good faith to America's North Atlantic i treaty friends and notice of readi-i (ness to potential enemies. FEDERAL FORECASTS I Wlnona and vicinity: Clearing with cold wave tonight; diminish-1 ing winds; lowest zero in the city, 8' in the country. Wednes- ,ay fair and cold; highest 14. Additional weather on Page 1L These Main Line Tracks of the Milwaukee Road near Minn., were blocked yesterday by wreckage of an eastbound freight train. No one was injured as 43 cars were spilled haphazardly over the right of way. CAP. Wlreptioto to The Republican-Herald.) The ship was hit by 30 to 4P Nationalist gunboat shells in in- ternational waters yesterday. She was about 20 miles off the Chinese mainland when the attack started. Her master. Captain David Jones, 31, Chicago, says the shell hits rendered her unseaworthy. JHe asked for U. S. naval escort ito the nearest port for repairs. The nearest port is Shanghai, where the Isbrandtsen line freighter was bound with a gen- eral cargo worth Chi- nese Nationalists say they have mined the approaches to Shang- hai. Lieutenant (jg) C. L. Stuart of Chlco, Calif., boarded the Flying Arrow from the Stickell and was shown damage by Captain Jones. Will Protect Ship The lieutenant said the two de- stroyers would remain here as long as the Flying Arrow and the American State department de- sired. (In Bangkok, Thailand Vice Admiral Eussell S. Berkey, commander of the U. S. Seventh Task force, said naval craft will protect American Merchantmen on the high seas but not inside Chinese territorial waters. (There has been no comment from the State department in Washington. (A second Isbrandtsen line freighter, the Brooklyn Heights, is scheduled to sail for Shanghai tomorrow from Hong Kong, warned by the U. S. State de- partment they may lose their li- cense if they take their ships into blockaded Chinese commu- nist Crewmen and the 12 passengers, seven of them women, awoke this (Continued on Pace 7, Column 2.) U. S. SHIP ;