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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy, Colder Tonight And Wednesday Wear Your Winter Carnival Emblem VOLUME 51, NO. 273 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 8, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES ENTERPRISE 80 MILES FROM PORT Capt. Ca risen Confident Ship Will Be Saved By LEONARD LEDDINGTON ON THE ATLANTIC WITH THE FLYING ENTERPRISE (tfl-Capt. Kurt Carlsen's storm-cracked ship, Flying Enterprise, began zig-zag- giog erratically at the end of its steel towing leash early today, forcing a further slow-down in its snail's pace journey to Falmouth, England. At p.m. the Enterprise was only 80 miles less than a day away from Falmouth harbor. The sky was overcast. The sun pierced through but only occasion- ally. The sea was rougher but it was still good weather for a Jan- uary day. "There is nothing to worry Carlsen shouted to the As- sociated Press tug Englishman rid- ing along 10 to 15 yards away from the crippled freighter. As he spoke the Atlantic lapped onto the sloping maindeck. Carlsen ignored the sloshing water. Flat on Side The vessel, tilted al- most flat on its port side, thrash- ed out to the side as the tow cable slackened periodically. It was not believed to be in any real danger, however. The tug Tur- moil is pulling the Flying Enter- prise to port. The little convoy was not expected to reach Falmouth before Wednesday noon. The swerving was blamed on i calmer seas. There was a gentle Brig. Gen. Charles T. Lanham, aide to Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- hower, makes known his commander's political views to reporters at the general's Paris headquarters. The long-awaited statement, which evoked favorable diplomatic comment in many capitals, was interpreted as a full "go ahead" signal to "Eisenhower-for-Presi- dent" backers. Main Race Between Eisenhower, Taft By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Taft (R.Ohio) claimed today that if all the pledges he now holds are translated into voting strength he will win the Republican presidential nomination. That was the Ohioan's answer to the statement of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower that he is a Republican and would respond to a "clearcut call to political but would not personally campaign for the Talked With Captain A local angle to tha Flying Enterprise story comes from Ettrick, Wis., where a radio "ham" operator recalls con- versing with Capt. Kurt Carl- recently. Alvin Hogden talked to Capt. Carlsen while the Enterprise was at sea several months ago. A picture postcard of the En- terprise was mailed to Hogden afterwards by the captain. Et- trlck's amateur radio operator has Class A permit. Ksuthwest breeze and a low swell. Somewhat heavier seas had pre- viously kept the Flying Enterprise at the end of a taut tow cable. The slow, dangerous trip to port began Saturday, about 300 miles west of the English coast. Carl- sen had drifted alone for a on the ship he refused to abandon after the worst Atlantic storm in half a century cracked it across the middle. The Turmoil's first mate. Ken- Harry McDonald, Republican, to Be RFC Boss WASHINGTON active Re- publican prepared today to become boss of the multi-million dollar Re- construction Finance Corporation under an announced policy of loans "on a basis of business and merit politics." Even as Harry A. McDonald, enunciated move sprang up to launch a new Senate investigation of the huge scandal-scarred government lend- ing agency. Sen. Maybank Senate banking committee chairman, an- nounced he had ordered an in- quiry into- the resignation of W. Stuart Symington as RFC admin- istrator. He said Senate action on Presi- dent Truman's nomination of Mc- Donald to succeed Symington probably would be held up until after the inquiry. McDonald, now chairman of the Securities and Ex- change Commission, is a close per- sonal friend of Symington. Symington, a top Truman admin- istration official for six years, is neth Dancy, leaped over the stern rail of the Flying Enterprise Fri day night to help Carlsen fasten the tow cable. Carlsen and Dancy are spelling each other on two-hour watches, ready to fasten a new 20-inch manila hawser if strain snaps the slim steel line now in use. Others Join Procession The slow procession now in eludes four ships with the Tur- moil in front. On the left, abeam with the crippled ship's hulk, was the escorting U. S. Destroyer Wil- lard Keith. Off to the right was the deep sea tered by tug the Englishman, char- Associated Press, which joined the rescue squadron late lasf night. Following at the end of the formation was the French tug Abeille 25, ready to help. The Turmoil declined all assist- ance. Carlsen maintained radio com- munication with the bobbing con- voy. But the batteries powering his small transmitter were weak- ening and he checked in only once every two hours. In Falmouth business was boom- ing. Visitors jammed hotels and restaurants like the middle of the tourist season. Among them were about 100 newsmen, flocking in to report the convoy's arrival. Giant Reception Awaits Carlsen FALMOUTH, England Kurt Carlsen of the Flying Enterprise is headed into one of the wildest outbursts of hero worship ever seen in the British Isles. The reception shapes up as the biggest thing of its kind since the Royal Navy frigate Amethyst came home from its death-defying run through a Red blockade on the Yangtse river in 1949. If the 37-year-old Danish-born skipper from Woodbridge, N. J., is willing to cash in on the fame of his lone stand against the sea, he can pick up a fortune. In addition to a press and radio corps already up to 200 or so and growing by the hour, this Cornish seaport is crawling with agents. They represent magazines, news- papers, radio chains, book publish- ers and movie companies. Each yearns to force bundles of bank- not s on the dauntless Dane in re- turn for his a con- tract, that is. j "Dear said he accepted the resignation with "utmost reluct- ance." Symington took over the RFC last May after President Truman abol- ished the agency's five-man board of directors, following sensational hearings by a Senate subcommit- tee. The hearings produced the capital's first mink coat scandals and the subcommittee accused the directors of yielding to a political White House reporter he would continue Symington's "gold- fish bowl" policy of disclosing all information on government loans. He said he hoped to retain most of the key RFC personnel. As for political influence, Mc- Donald said, "We just don't ex- pect anybody to try it. We certain- ly won't permit it." influence ring with connections. McDonald told a McDonald, 57, is a Cherokee, Iowa. native of GOP nomination. Taft told a reporter he believes this makes Eisenhower only a "draft" possibility, adding: "If all of the pledges we have obtained from all over the country can be translated into delegates when they are chosen I believe we have more than half of the con- vention votes." The GOP nominating meeting, to be held in Chicago early in July, will have slightly more than delegates, with more than 600 votes needed for the nomination. None of the delegates has been formally chosen yet. Taft intimated he had expected Eisenhower to doff his uniform as commander of the North Atlantic Treaty organization (NATO) forces and return as a civilian to cam- paign. Sees Draft for ike But Eisenhower said at his Paris headquarters -yesterday that "un- der no circumstances will I ask for relief from this assignment in order to seek nomination to polit- ical office and I shall not partic- ipate in the pre-cpnvention activ- ities of others who may have such an intention with respect to me." Taft said he interprets this as meaning Eisenhower, will have to be drafted to obtain the nomina- tion, and commented: "I think this will make matters easier for us." Taft said he is confident he will be able to harvest a sizeable num- ber of GOP convention delegates from New York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and Kansas, home states of the principal Eisenhower leaders. Sen. Schoeppel of Kansas, a Taft backer, supported this contention with a prediction that the Kansas delegation will go to the conven- tion uninstructed and with some Taft delegates among its members. Kansas is regarded as Eisen- lower's "home" state and Harry Darby, Kansas national committee- man and an Eisenhower leader, has been seeking a delegation pledged solidly for the general as evidence of "grass roots" support. Eyes Pennsylvania Votes Taft said he has been informed has a good chance of getting a majority of the ten delegates to be chosen at large in Pennsylvania, home state of Senator Duff, a lead- er in the Eisenhower drive. Taft predicted he would come out of New York with "20 to 30" of the state's delegates. New York ;entatively has been assigned 94 delegates, but is trying for 100. Congress Back On Job, Truman Talks Tomorrow Session Expected To Continue Right Up to Elections WASHINGTON de- fense spending, universal military training and foreign aid stood out as the dominant issues today as the 82nd Congress returned for its election-year session. The session started at 11 a.m. and leaders wouldn't be surpris- ed if it lasts right up to the No- vember elections in which a Pres- ident, a vice president, 435 House members and at least 32 senators will be chosen. Legislatively, it probably won't produce much. Only a few "must" major bills are due for consider- ation. Topping them are UMT, eco- nomic controls, foreign-aid and billions in new appropriations. Hot Politically Politically, it may be one of the hottest in decades. From President Truman's State- bf-the-Union message tomorrow, Democrats hope to obtain some clue as to whether Mr. Tru- man will seek re-election. (President Truman's State of the Union message may be heard locally on KWNO at a. m. Wednesday (Wi- nona time.) They expect the President to ask for many things Congress has re- fused to give him in the past. They remember that just four years ago President Truman snatched elec- tion victory from seeming defeat by pounding away at Congress' failure to enact his program. Tomorrow's message will be the first of three from the President. The others, on domestic economy and the budget, will follow within two weeks. The budget message is expected to call for an estimat- ed 83 billion dollars during the fis- cal year starting July 1. To Study Suggestions The first few weeks of the ses- sion probably will be spent getting squared away for action and di- gesting the President's recommen- dations. This interlude will give six new representatives and a new senator a chance to get themselves oriented. The new senator, Fred A. Sea- ton (R.-Neb.) replaces the late dChi ma Drop Hint to Britain The Rev. Bernard Graskamp, at rostrum, delivers the opening prayer as the House of Rep- resentatives begins its second session of the 82nd Congress. Speaker Sam Rayburn stands with bowed head behind the chaplain. Others are clerks. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Dozers Crush Fire, Save Quebec Town SEPT ILES, Que. -snow-piling bulldozers last night saved this jump-off to Canada's huge Ungava iron ore deposits from destruc- tion by a million-dollar fire. With water supplies frozen over by 15-below-zero weather, the bull- Kenneth Wherry whose ,jozers smashed inflammable buildings from the fire's path and threw death during the recess left vacant the post of Senate minority lead- er, Senate Republicans met today and picked a new leader, Sen. Bridges of New Hampshire. That the session may last until October, with time out in July 'for the national nominating conven- tions, was predicted by House Re publican Leader Martin of Mas sachusetts and his top assistant Rep. Halleck of Indiana. House Democratic Leader Me Cormack of Massachusetts con ceded that Republicans will "se the pace" for the session insofar as adjournment is concerned. The Republicans and southern Demo crats hostile to President Truman dominate both Senate and House McCormack and Martin agreed that the major issue will be for- eign aid, UMT and appropriations, with Martin adding "corruption'" to the list. No Tax Increases Martin predicted no tax in- creases will be voted, and Mc- Cormacfc agreed it would be "very difficult" to pass a tax bill. There was general agreement, too, that the defense production act, under which wages, prices and rents are controlled, would be extended beyond June 30, but with- out substantial changes. Bean Soup Controversy Stirs Returning Congress By FRANCIS J. KELLY WASHINGTON tfl bean soup controversy simmered menacingly today as Congress reconvened after an 11-week adjournment. The size of the servings of this standard congressional mainstay in the House of Rep- resentatives restaurant has been cut down drastically. Two bits formerly brought a brim- ming bowl of the nourishing stuff; a boy's size oatmeal bowl would be a roomy fit for an order today. Rep. Tom Steed, a Demo- cratic bean soup gourmet from Shawnee, Okla., uncovered this newest evidence of infla- tion almost immediately upon his return to the capital. His reaction was resigned but em- bittered. Stirring a ten-cent cup of coffee, which was only a nickel when he went back to Okla- homa last October, Steed, in- vited his colleagues, the press and the world at large to con- sider Capitol bean soup in his- torical perspective. "This he declared, "plus of course soda crackers, for which there traditionally is Rep. Tom Staed BO charge, has fueled some of America's greatest statesmen for tasks of the highest im- portance." Quoting from an Oklahoma folk poet, whose name he said he couldn't recall, Steed sadly intoned: "I mix my beans with honey; "Fve done so all my life. "They taste a little funny they sure stick on my knife." 200 Injured In Jerusalem JERSUALEM ha- tred of German Nazis fired a mob of Israeli youths to storm the Knesset (Parliament) last night in a riot which left more than 200 persons injured. Police fought a two-hour battle with clubs, tear gas and shots fir- ed into the air to keep the mob out of the Knesset session. Ten po- licemen and five civilians were hospitalized with injuries. Eighty- two other policemen and many more civilians were hurt Seventy persons suspected of rioting were arrested. Press Walks Out On Jap Premier TOKYO Japanese press walked out on Prime Minister Shi- geru Yoshida today en masse. Yesterday the newsmen, handed Yoshida a 14-point on foreign and domestic issues. Today about 100 of them appear- ed at Yoshida's press conference hoping for a better-than-usual story. Yoshida kept them waiting an hour. Then be ignored the ques- tionaire and cut the conference to 10 minutes. At the end he said "This is the new year; let's have a drink." The miffed newsmen stalked cut up snowbanks to twice starve out the flames. Damage, though estimated at more than was confined to a group of business buildings in the heart of the little port town of persons. First reports said there were no casualties and only one family was homeless. The fire broke out about p. m. in a huge garage, then spread to the town hall and a new depart- ment store. The bulldozing fire- fighters thought they had it under control just before midnight, but later oxygen tanks in a steel ware- house exploded and flames shoi 100 feet in the air. The bulldozers went into action again. The town was reported out of danger again at 3 a. m. Sept lies is a St. Lawrence river port 275 miles northeast of Quebec and 300 miles south of the vast ore field now being opened to de- velopment. Supplies funnel through here for movement to the ore site by air. The railroad from the field now under construction will bring the ore here for transhipment by wa- Reds Reject New Proposal On Prisoners By OLEN CLEMENTS MUNSAN, Korea The U.N command today rephrased its pro- posal for exchanging prisoners ol war and the Reds promptly turned it down. -Rear Adm. R. E. Libby, Allied truce negotiator, said the U.N. plan was reworded to "eliminate any ground for technical opposition" by the Communists. The Reds still objected. A second truce subcommittee ar- gued nearly two hours over wheth- er the Reds should be allowed to rebuild air fields during an amis tice. Neither side changed its view. Both committees scheduled new sessions for 11 a.m. Wednesday at Panmunjom. Confers with Ridgway While the committees wrangled, Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, chief Allied negotiator, conferred in To- kyo with Gen. Matthew B. Ridg- way, supreme Allied commander. Joy said it was "merely a routine visit." In presenting the revised plan for exchanging prisoners of war, Rear Adm. R. E. Libby said "this is in no sense a new proposal" but it had been rephrased to cover ob- jections raised by the Reds. Changes included: 1. A specific provision' that the U.N. command would release all prisoners for voluntary repatria- 3on after the Reds returned all prisoners, former South Korean soldiers, and displaced or interned civilians who want to. go home. 2. Elimination of a demand that the Reds reclassify as prisoners of war former South Korean troops now in the Red army. 3. Red commanders would 'sol- emnly agree" that all prisoners re- eased by the U.N, who were not directly exchanged for Red prison- ers would not fight again in the Korean war. The original plan call- ed for these prisoners giving their jarole not to fight against the Al- ies. Communists Object L U.N. command communique said day-long discussion Communists again'objecting par- icularly to the voluntary repatria- ionf provision." Libby said the "atmosphere in the tent was unusually amicable" as delegates discussed Bed objec- ioss. ter. One theory was that the fire started from an overheated elec- tric pump. It quickly spread to a huge store of tires, sending black smoke pouring over the snow- covered town. A temporary power shortage added to the burden of the fire- fighters. Pumps could not draw water from the bay, which was frozen over. For a time it appeared that the whole town would go. Plans were made to evacuate women and chil- dren. Kasson Couple Killed in Seattle SEATTLE A Minnesota cou- ple was killed yesterday in the aeadon collision 'of then: car and a truck. The dead were George H. Nelson, 56, Kasson, Minn., and his wife, Amanda, 53. The accident occur- red during a snowstorm in Sno- qualmie Pass, east of here. The driver of the truck and trail- er, Clarence C. Reynolds, 31, of Ellensburg, Wash., was not injured. Movie to Be Made Of Heroic Stand NEW YORK story of 3apt. Kurt Carlsen's heroic fight :o save his hurricane-battered ship, the Flying Enterprise, will be made the basis of a film. Paramount Pictures. Corporation announced today it is negotiating with the Isbrandtsea Line, owners of the Flying Enterprise, for Capt Carlsen's story. The film will cuter. star Burt Lan- U.S. Appetites To Blame for Mounting Costs By SAM DAWSON NEW YORK Ameri cans like to blame the high cos of living on the middleman. They note the gap between the price o: cattle and the price of steak, the price of wheat and the price o: bread, the price of lumber and the price of houses. Prices go up, they say, when raw material costs go up, but don': come down as much when raw ma- terial costs come down. And they point at the middleman. today some defenders ap pear. They hint that the trouble may lie with your champagne ap- petite. They say that a wealthy country demands, and can pay for the services and conveniences the provides over ant commodities them- middleman above the selves. Middlemen are those who pro- cess the raw materials, transport them, wrap them the way you like, deliver them where and when you want them, keep them in stock to suit your convenience. Through their salesmen and advertising men, they create a desire for their goods, either as a general product or a particular brand. This desire, they contend, is in large part re- sponsible for the huge market and production totals that give Ameri- cans the highest standards of liv- ing in the world. In the jargon of the academic economist this spending of vast en- ergies on selling and advertising, on convenience and prettifying is since any energy is call- ed "waste" which isn't essential to production or distribution of goods. But an economics professor at Harvard, J. K. Galbraith, notes today that this "waste" is some- thing Americans won't do without, and needn't be alarmed about. America is wealthy enough to sup- port these standards of living. Galbraith says the average American woman would miss her store ads nearly as much as she would miss her store. Nor does be believe that an economy as rich as ours would benefit from putting middlemen at work on farm or in factory. Rising standards of living also account for much of the higher costs of housing, another econom- ist notes. Prof. Kent Baker of the University of Toronto, writing in the current issue of the Review of the Society of Residential Apprais- ers, says that in 1300 heating, plumbing and other interior equip- nent was only 15 per cent of the Btal cost of building a house. Now it is 40 per cent So that the use of more economical materials and advanced methods of .construction doesn't necessarily mean too much saving on the total cost. Construction costs are up, to be sure, but also today's grandchil- dren just won't have the kind of ipuse grandfather built, at no mat- ter how much a saving in costs. f, Churchill Told America Can't Recognize Reds Iranian Oil, Egypt Other Topics Up for Discussion By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON lav-Britain's rec- ognition of Communist China up today in the globe-girdling talks between President Truman and Prime Minister Churchill. The President was telling the prime minister that this country's non-recognition of the Chinese Reds is a firm policy, hardened by their intervention in Korea. He may have suggested that ail irritant could be removed from British-American relations if Lon- don's recognition of the Peiping government were revoked. Thorny Questions Thorny questions of Iranian oil, Egyptian demands for withdrawal of British troops from the Suez and the problem of security against Communist aggression in southeast Asia, notably Indo-China and Ma- laya, as well as progress on the organization of a Middle East command also were believed to be on the slate for today's Whita House sessions. Two final meetings were sched- uled. The first began at 10 a.m. and lasted about 90 minutes. Tha second was to begin at 4 p.m. A joint statement, reporting on ac- complishments, was due to be is- sued tonight. Yesterday afternoon's session covered European defense prob- lems. An official statement said- crisply that "several military mat- ters were presented and received consideration." Raw Materials Studied Earlier the two leaders took up two problems that have been both- ering them for some time: The untidiness and inefficiency of the North Atlantic Treaty organiza- tion (NATO) and the allocation of strategic raw materials. A committee headed by the Unit- ed States defense mobilizer, Char- les Wilson, and the British pay- master general, Lord CherweH, was established to review the problem of finding more steel, tin, aluminum, sulphur, zinc and nick- el to meet the growing rear- mament program of the NATO countries. Session on Germany There also was some discussion of increasing the authority of the sermanent political committee of lie NATO organization the dep- uty foreign ministers who sit in London and of moving most of te NATO officials from London 0 be near Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- lower Gen. Albert Gruen- ther in Paris. Meanwhile the secretary of State, Dean Acheson, and the Bri- tish secretary of state for foreign affairs, Anthony Eden, held a spe- cial session on Germany. Eden was reported to have discussed the ranian oil situation with Eugene Slack, president of the World bank. The two delegations are attempt- ng to cover so much ground so "ast that it is already apparent that they are not attempting to do much more than block out various irojects for their aids to concen- rate upon after the formal nego- tiations are completed today. Seeks Closer Ties As Churchill said when he ar- ived, he is doing no more than trying to establish an "intimate relationship" between the heads of the two governments. For this purpose neither delega- tion is trying to get down to the iasic economic problems that have orced the United States to furnish more than in loans nd grants to the United King- dom since the end of the war. Instead, they are putting- these iasic long-range problems aside md trying to survey the long cata- og of smaller but still important immediate problems which have >een harassing the alliance. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly loudy, somewhat colder tonight and Wednesday. Low tonight 18, high Wednesday 28. LOCAL WEATHER _ Official observations for the 24 ours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 36; minimum, 16; oon, 33; inches now; sun sets tonight-' at sun rises tomorrow at weather on ;