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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 274 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 8, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Five RAF Planes Shot Down Return of Wartime OPA Not Expected By Francis M. Lemay seeking an answer to high prices assured business today there will not be "another wartime O.P.A." At the same time one party leader called for an investigation of "middlemen" to see if they are keeping the cost of living high. These developments came as President Truman's Capitol hill lieutenants confidently oiled the legislative machinery lor a quick drive to write into law major parts of his economic program aimed at jobs and continued production peaks. But Democrats appeared far from The Alsops Alger Hiss Guilt Prejudged man. And came from some makers over the By Stewart Alsop The weight of the certain new price controls would be wise, even on the selective and standby basis called for by Mr. Tru- a noisy bipartisan protest farm state law endorsement by the President's economic advisers of flexible farm price supports, which might permit declines in price floors next year. Full Parity Demanded China Requests Mediation by Western Allies Nationalists Bid For Support in Red Peace Talks By Harold K. Mils Nanking A usually reli- able source said today the Chinese government had asked the United States, French and British govern- ments to attempt to mediate the civil war. Ambassadors for the three pow- ers here were asked to relay the request to their governments, this source said. The three ambassadors were call- is committted farmers, to They said the to the foreign office by Foreign full We Te-chen late today, of the three nor foreign oi- ls would comment on 'fatalthe subject. Washington Tne weient 01 %ne miauie-mtui upciauuua Reliable sources, however, s evidence which has been brought posed a far-flung inquiry middle-man operations to forward against Alger Hiss seemed so overwhelming that many and people have been tempted to pre- judge his case, to assume his guilt before his guilt is proven. Therefore It is worth describing an of the available evidence by a high- ly capable lawyer, who has become convinced that it is at least possible that Hiss may be innocent. The lawyer's analysis is too long for brief summary. But the most Interesting portions of it concern hypothetical explanations of the two episodes most damaging to Hiss a consumer pays. He told reporters he wants what know why for instance, cotton print cloth at the mills is below 1946 i "Big Three" attempt to mediate and to! obtain a negotiated peace with the communists. It was apparent, from the actions the episode of the Ford car. and fid If need can be shown episode of wm go along with the President. Mr. Truman, in his economic re- port to Congress yesterday, declared that profits are swollen to excess OPA ceilings yet "the consumer isiof various officials that the ques- paying a hell of a price." Maybank said "I don't think an- other OPA is the but he added that "some stand-by controls may be necessary." Senator Sparkman (D.-AIa.) said that because some prices "have be- gun to wabble" he had hoped Mr. Truman would not find it necessary to ask for controls. But he indicat- the more recent stolen documents. It will be recalled that Hiss testi- fied that the car, worth about ___ r____ was "thrown in" when he subletjand that "dangerous inflationary his apartment to Chambers, whom forces" still imperil the economy, he claimed to have known only as Demands New Taxes "George Crossley." Chambers denied this, charging that Hiss actually In new taxes; (B) An turned the car over to the use of the Communist party, through a communist-owned service station in Washington. THE TITLE certificate of the car was finally located, and seemed wholly to corroborate Chambers. It was signed by Hiss, notarized by a notary who worked at the time with Hiss in the Justice department, and dated well after the time when Hiss claimed to have included the car In the apartment deal. Moreover, the man to whom the car had been transferred appeared before the un- American activities committee, and refused to answer whether or not he was a communist. At this point, many people concluded that Hiss had been lying. But the lawyer does not consi- der this evidence conclusive. Cham- bers, he asserts, could have received the car when Hiss said he did. He could have used it for some time. He could then have passed It along to the Communist party through the communist-owned ser- vice station, which Chambers testi- (Continucd on Page 11, Column 2.) ALSOrS He renewed his call for (A) Sp- eight-point economic program in- cluding stand-by allocation, price and wage powers; (C) A vast hous- ing program, and (D) Continuation of rent controls for two years in strengthened form. A Senate Republican chief mean- while sounded a note of caution. Senator Saltonstall (Mass.) assis- tant G.O.P. floor leader, told a re- porter: "The conclusions and recom- mendations of the President are so extensive they require a lot of study. Only after very careful considera- tion by every member of Congress can we be sure of a course that will bring us to the best solution." On taxes, not many members] were talking. Some predicted pri- vately the President may get half the he asked, princi- pally from corporations, but the tax action will depend in large on the size of the government spending program Congress approves. Many lawmakers are Insisting on a bal- anced budget, even if it takes more taxes. tion either of mediation or an ap- peal to the United Nations was under consideration. Failure to include the Soviet member of the "Big Four" in the summons raised considerable spec- ulation here. It that the Russian Flows Bucked ten-foot snowdrifts to open highways to single lane traffic in the wake of this week's blizzard at Rapid City, S. D., termed one of the worst to hit the Black Hills in 20 years. Above Is a section of the main highway leading to Rapid City's principal business district. (A.P. WIrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) was understood ambassador has been shying away from any possible participation in either mediation or discussion of negotiations apparent- ly on orders from Moscow. This latest development coincided with reports from Tientsin that a heavy red attack on the besieged city had ended abruptly at noon to- day after the communists had oc- cupied sections of the old "Chinese city." These reports said the garrison commander ordered- an Immediate mid-day curfew In Tientstiirlbri1 bidding Tientsin residents to leave their homes and the streets were empty except for National troops.! Cessation of firing after the communists, had started what ap- peared to be a determined effort to capture the city raised specula- Villagers Flee Hawaiian Volcano Hilo, villagers in the path of Mauna Loa's lava flow left their homes today despite assurances they were In no immediate danger of being engulfed. The seacoast villages of Honaunau and Keokea were virtually abandoned, although Police Lieutenant Anthony Cambra of the Kona sector insisted the lava would not endanger them. tion here arranged Tientsin to the reds. that for a "deal" had been the surrender of Senate O.K. Of Acheson Predicted By Jack Bell and John M. Hightower Washington Senate ap- proval of Dean C. Acheson as secre- today "in" which Itary of state was forecast today by Deputy Fire Marshal John Haber-i Senator Connally. (D.-Tex.) des- korn said was set deliberately. jpite a marked Republican coolness. Haberkom said the Connally told reporters the Sen- Two Die in Fired Tenement Chicago Two women were killed and six other persons injured one of mafy flying spectacular outburst, three story building at 515 North jate foreign relations Wells street, was started when ajorganizing five gallon can of oil was spilled! chairmanship willyi and set afire on a second floor King George Still Resting King George, suf- fering from a grave leg ailment, went to his country estate today to continue'a convalescence which his doctors have called satisfactory. The King, with Queen Elizabeth and hfe mother, Queen Mary, trav- eled by special train to Sandring- ham, his Norfolk county birthplace and favorite retreat, for an indef- inite stay. There he joined Princess Elizabeth, Prince Philip, their baby Prince Charles, and Princess Mar- garet, who drove the slightly more than 100 miles earlier in the week. It was the King's first venture outside London since November 11, he motored to Bedfordshire to inspect the national institute of ag- ricultural engineering. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity; Becoming cloudy and colder with snow flur- ries by Sunday morning and con- tinuing Sunday forenoon. Strong northerly winds Sunday and much colder. Low tonight 18; high Sunday 25. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 47; minimum, 28; noon, 41: precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Free. Chicago 53 33 Denver............. 51 24 Des Moines......... 50 33 Duluth 42 27 Kansas City........ 54 44 Los Angeles 68 33 Miami 73 54 Mpls.-St. Paul 45 31 New Orleans.......62 42 New York 52 42 Seattle 49 27 .33 Phoenix 62 30 Washington 60 37 Edmonton..........-1 .03 ThePas............-1 -13 Condemned Killer Jokes in Gas Cell Canon City, S. Battallno made his date with death a jaunty aSair last night in Colo- rado's lethal gas chamber. "Bat" laughed about It. landing. He estimated damage to the building at One of the dead women was identified as Miss Jimmie Lee Lewis, 18, fatally injured In a leap from a third floor window. An unidenti- .ttee his to fied woman was found suffocated in the second floor hallway. Police said more than 100 oc< Acheson and James' appear personally. Catching Capitol hill largely by surprise, President Truman yester- day named Acheson as secretary and moved Webb from his post as bud- get director to that of under secre- Buy H. Finch, Hawaii .national park volcanologlst, predicted the lava would not go far beyond the level. It was almost there last night. Mauna Loa's crater is feet above the sea. Schools were dismissed at Hoo- kena and Alae, as well as the two other villages evacuated. Four Feared Lost Four persons may have died as an indirect result of the eruption, first since 1942. A red Stlnson plane, around the was seen heading into a cloud about three- quarters of the way up the moun- tain at a. m. yesterday. There was no trace of it after that. The private plane was piloted by Frank Lee of Honolulu, and had James Redmon, Honolulu, and pos- sibly two other passengers aboard, said Bill Holloway, Hawaii aero- nautics commission safety director. Volcanologist. Finch said the erup- tion was novelin modern times be- cause of the gas explosion which started-It off. A surge of.lava from the depths burst open Mokuaweoweo crater with a deep explosion which lasted 20 House Liberals To Get 'Fair Share of Jobs By Jack B. Macksy Paul Liberals In the St. _... state house of representatives will get "their fair share" of appoint- ments "to committees about one third of the membership. This assurance was given today by Representative John A. Hartle of Owatonna, speaker of the house, as he worked on lining up the per- sonnel of committees for announce- ment In the house chamber Tuesday afternoon. "The liberals showed strength of about one-third of the membership of the house and I intend to give them representation on commit- tees in proportion to that Hartle said. "We certainly want to 44 or 45 votes as against a total membership of 131 in the house and they will receive that recognition." There will be at least 18 new faces represented in chairmanships. Hartle disclosed that eight vacancies [lave occurred because of election defeats, failure to seek re-election, his own elevation to the speakership I Felled Over Egypt by Jewish Fire Israeli Forces Reported Across Palestine Border By Alex H. Singleton Britain said today five Royal Vdr Force planes were shot down yesterday by Israeli air- craft while on reconnaissance pa- trols over Egyptian territory near the Palestine border. The air ministry's announcement came after a Jewish spokesman in Tel Aviv said two of the five air- craft shot down by the Jews over Rafa were known to be British planes and two others were pre- sumed to be. Rafa is on the border. Meanwhile, the foreign office an- nounced that Britain, acting on a request of Trans-Jordan, has sent troops to guard the Red sea port of Aqaba. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevia decided to remain in London over the weekend to'keep in close touch with all developments. This un- derlined the gravity with which tha foreign office viewed Britain's pre- sent relations with Israel, A British communique said R.A.F. fighters had strict orders not to cross the frontier into Palestine. Since the attacks, it added, British airmen have been instructed "to regard as hostile any Jewish .air- craft encountered over Egyptian territory." The air ministry said there werei two attacks. The first was made) against a reconnaissance patrol sent out "to ascertain the depth and scale of the Jewish incursion into Egyptian the ministry said. The second was made against a force dispatched to determine the fate of the missing planes in the first group. Four Spitfires were missing from the first attack, and a Tempest was lost in the second, the ministry said. There were these differences in the British and Jewish versions of the clash: The Jews said four of the downed planes were British and the fifth was Egyptian. At least two and perhaps three were shot down by Iraeli fighters and the others by anti-aircraft. A captured British flying officer is being held for Red Cross identification, the Tel Aviv source said. The Jews said the ac- tion took place over Rafa. The British described the clash as occurring 15 miles west of Rafa in Egyptian territory. Rafa is on the communications lines up the coastal strip of south- em Palestine to the Egyptian-held city of Gaza. Whether It Is in Egypt or. Palestine is a matter of dispute. Jewish informants in Tel Aviv said that under the British man- date Rafa was classed as being in- side Palestine. At the end of the May, the British Ws own elevaon o e bound ttin Rafa and death. In addition, Speaker _ t th id Hartle is creating eight new com- mittees. Except for these 18 berths, the chairmen will remain substantially the same with the possible exception minutes, Finch said. Selsmo- of two posts which are virtually graphs recorded a continuous trem- tary of state, after reluctantly ac- or starting at p. m, and at cepting the resignations of Secretary) came the blast. ofthe taSdliSfledto the of State Marshall and his chief B. F. Moomaw, Jr.. Hawaii na- cupants of the building lied to tne amerinten- street. .DtLl laugucu ttuyuu au. __ choking me to death, I'm supposed! Haberkom said the owner of The move was regarded in Con- to be he jested in his last I building, Gus Hussos, is to be tried as possibly only the ftot of minute of life. Prison guards, hadj January 11 on charges filed several changes in top personnel tugged straps about his chest too I weeks ago charging fire code viola- tightly. jtions in the tenement. Lientenant Colonel Bill Haviland, left, of Janesvffle, shakes hands with Lieutenant Harry Howell, Jacksonville, Fla., at La Guardia Field in New York after the two Air Force officers piloted their F8OC Shooting Star jet planes from Chicago to New York in one hour, 21 .minutes and eight seconds. It was the fastest trip ever made between the two cities, an airline distance of 711 miles. (AP. WIrephoto.) Speculation involved the posts of Secretary of Defense: Forrestal, Se- cretary of Interior Krug and Secre- tary of Commerce Sawyer. G.O.P. Disappointed unwanted. They are the house li- quor control committee, now headed by Representative Lawrence F. Haeg of Robbinsdale, and the house la- bor committee with Representative dentTsafdhe cloud j John J. Kinzer of Cold Spring at spurt from the summit. He related: tional park assistant "It rose rapidly and its edges were turbulent with whirling mo- tion, plainly visible. In a few min- utes the cloud had risen to the height of five miles and its tip had begun to mushroom. Then the Acheson's confirmation was fore- wind caught the top and carried cast on the basis of his personal acquaintance with many senators and the unwritten rule that a President can name almost anybody he chooses to his cabinet. But there was evidence that some influential Republicans and a few Democrats were disappointed at the choice. Significantly, perhaps, Senators Smith of New Jersey, Hickenlooper of Iowa and Lodge of Republican members of the foregin relations group, declined to com- ment publicly on the change. So did Senator George of Georgia, a Democratic member. The reaction In Congress was con- sidered important not only because it may affect Acheson's confirmation chances, but also because one of ais big jobs will be to determine how closely to work with both Re- publican and Democratic leaders in developing new foreign policy mea- sures. Vandenberg Out of Town Marshall and Lovett solved this problem by (a) Removing them- selves from any part In domestic politics and Consistently con- sulting Senator Vandenberg (Mich.) and John Foster Dulles, both Re- publican leaders in foreign policy, on every important step they pro- posed, Vandenberg led the fight .for both e Truman doctrine program of aid to Greece and Turkey and the Marshall plan for European re- covery. The Michigan senator was out of town when the cabinet change was announced. But friends said he never has listed Acheson as one of his top choices to succeed his great friend Marshall. it east in the form of a long stream- er." The eruption sent molten lava in four streams down the west slope, already black from old flows. Budget Director James E. Webb, above, has been appointed as Under Secretary of State by President Truman who made the announcement at a news confer- ence in Washington. He suc- ceeds Robert A. Lovett, who is resigning, effective January 20. (A.P. WIrephoto.) the helm. Neither Haeg nor Kinzer are en- thusiastic about reappointment, but in all probability Hartle will at- tempt to Induce them to act again. All committees will have "conserva- tive" members as chairmen just as in the past. New committees will include: Markets and marketing, commercial manufacturing and retail trade, commercial transportation, coopera- tives, crime prevention, drainage and soil conservation, public domain and state and county fairs, A vacancy was created in the chairmanship of the health com- mittee because of the death during mony at the capital grounds 11 a. m. the last session of Representative Ben Hughes of Mankato. Chairmen who were defeated in the last election and will require replacement include A. L. Boze, De- troit Lakes, motor vehicle com- mittee; Walter F. Rogosheske, Sauk armory, 9 p. m. Rapids, general legislation, and Ed Martinson, Ortonvllle, conservation. P. J. E. Peterson, Truman, chair- man of the agriculture committee, dairy products and livestock com- mittee, did not run for re-election. John A. Johnson, Preston, who presided over the municipal affairs committee, now is a state senator. In addition, Speaker Hartle will Inside Egypt, they said. (A map, National Geographic society issued in 1946, during the mandate period, showed Rafa as an Egyptian The British charged yesterday that Irsaeli ground forces had made a fresh incursion into Egypt and had 150 vehicles at a camp three miles south of the town. The Jewish chief of operations said if Iraeli forces actually are in Egypt the matter can be easily ad- justed in armistice or peace talks (Continued on Page 2, Column 2.) FIVE RAF Inauguration Schedule Washington This Is the latest tentative schedule for inau- guration day Thursday, January 20: President Truman will take his oath of office at an inaugural cere- Inaugural parade Immediately after Mr. Truman's inauguration. President's reception at the Na- tional Gallery of Art, 4 p. m. C.S.T. Inaugural ball, National Guard Invitations are required for every- thing but the parade. The inaugural committee today issued a new inaugural week time- and Joe Daun, St. Peter, head of the table listing all major events from January 14 through January 23. But it said the schedule is subject to change. Included in the program are va- rious state society balls arid ban- quets, concerts, religious services, have to name a chairman to succeed political luncheons and dinners, re- himself. Hartle served as head exceptions at various embassies, and the civil administration committeejentertalximent. in the 1947 session. Lineman Killed At Adams, Wis. Adams, Young, Poynette, a lineman for the Wis- consin Power Light Company, was killed here yesterday when he fell from the top of a utility pole. Fellow workers said Young fell when he unhitched his belt to de- scend. Entertainment includes fireworks on the Washington monument grounds Wednesday, Thursday, Fri- day and Saturday nights (January and week-long exhibition of the Freedom Train, special displays at museums and art galleries, a Li. brary of Congress exhibit of past In- augurals, and a showing of motion, pictures of past inaugurals at the National Archives building. The schedule for state society events includes: Indiana State Society, governor's ban, p. m. Tuesday, January 18. ;