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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER nd Mltlar. mild. Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press FM Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations IS COMING Be your new radio can reeein M. VOLUME 47. NO. 273 WINONA, 'MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING. JANUARY 8, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Russia to Fight U. S. Aid, Marshall Says Republicans Cry 'Polities' After Speech Trumnn Program to Travel Rough Road, Belief JJ.T Antorlnttcl Frrm "tt'.i smart I RUONI, If It's smart to be was the remark of Senator Robert Taft, which typified cries of "politics" hfnrd echoing through the notion's capital todiiy In response to Presi- dent Truman's State of the Union mrwaKP Wednesday. The Congress-dominating Repub- licans pinned n "Irft-winjrcr" libel on President Truman today as they vt out to counter hl.i proposals with their own Inw-making pro- gram. Senator Taft will takn to the air tonluht to compare Republican Ideas for new laws to those of tho President. Tnrhulenl Session Sorn It all added up to tho fact that It is election year and Congress, as expected, was duo for a turbulent session, which may bring forth more than one veto as the President's Ideas clash with the Rppubllcan- sponsored legislation. Georxe De Mo. 30, who admit- ted the fatal shooting of Hlte Snow, 33, Superior tavern own- er nnd wounding Snow's moth- er-in-law, today waived pre- liminary hearing on n first de- gree murder charge nnd wan sentenced to a life prison term In superior court. (A.P. Wire- photo to Tho Republican-Her- ald.) Superior Tavern Slaying Admitted By Ex-Convict Superior, George DC Mo, a 30-year-old ex-convict today ivdmlttcd the Superior tavern slay- Ing of Hlte Snow, 33, and after walv- .ng preliminary hearing was sen- tenced to life Imprisonment in su- acrlor court, De Mo also wounded Snow's mothcr-ln-law, Mrs. Cath- erine Frederick, 50, Wednesday aft- ernoon In the tavern they operated near here. commented that "the left) District Attorney Andy Borg said The of reaction by the Republican congressmen certainly pointed to a rough Journey for the Prejlrtent'.i legislative ideas. Representative John M. Robslon (R.-Ky.i said Mr. Truman's mes- sage KOt "the coldest reception of any I've heard in nearly 25 years." House Speaker Joseph Martin Swiss Papers Speculate Stalin Dead Soviet Embassy 'Nonsense' to Headlines Dern, Switzerland Two Bern newspapers speculated today that Prime Minister Stalin was dead. The Soviet embassy In London said there was nothing to.the rumor. Dor Bund headlined its story "Stalin In one edition, but changed this later to "About Stalin." This newspaper has good access to government sources in the Swiss capital. It said reports of Stalin's death had been the subject of con- versations In the federal council, chief executive authority of Switz- erland. "There is a serious background to these Dor Bund said. It called the rumor "the topic of the day In Moscow." How it learned this was not clear. No Bern newspaper has a Moscow correspondent. A Socialist newspaper, the Berner Tagwacht, used the headline "Stalin it said: "Obviously the report of t.he death of Stalin wns nourished and a cer- tain credence given It by previous reports that Staiin was -sick, that he was on crutches, and that a Swed'fih cancer specialist had been summoned to Moscow." Some of wingers of the Democratic part must have prompted the. message. And Chairman Carroll Recce o the O.O.P. national committee sal that Mr. Truman "could have savcc a great many words by simply writing a note stating: 'Dear Henry Come home, all is forgiven and you can write your own ticket.'' Most of thn President's major IMS legislative proposals, particular- ly his tax reduction and anti-Infla- tion plans, appeared headed today for n congressional wastobiwket. But Including rent control extension, foreign aid, broadencc social security coverage, higher minimum wages and civil rights guarantees, seemed llkeJy to pass in compromise form. Still others, such as national health insurance and compulsory military training, were lumped In the "highly doubtful" category. But leaders of both the Republi- can majority and the Democratic minority Mt intle doubt that they look for the Pre.Mdent's tax and anti-Inflation plans to be rejected after prolonged wrangling likely to Do Mo was apprehended in Duluth while crossing the International bridge in a taxi and that he at first denied any connection with the shooting, but later broke down and told the following story: De Mo had been In a tavern "a good share of the day" and later drew a gun and pointed It at Snow. Snow grabbed for the gun, but failed ;o wrest It from De Mo. DC Mo :hen forced Snow and Mrs, Fred- erick into a washroom and returned to the bar where he stole a- purse and whisky and rifled the cash till. He fired two shots Into the wash- room door, "to kecpjfhe way and left by a back door. De Mo then walked about two miles to a point where he hitch- lay foundation for this year's presidential and congressional clcc- tloru, Mr. Truman asked Congress to srivo every individual taxpayer an Immediate cut of for himself and each dependent and to offsol estimated revenue lota by boosting corporate levlc.i. Hr asked al.w for tho Inflation curb powers he was denied last month. Including standby wage- prlre control and rationing au- thority. Want Own Hill The immediate Republican re- action was to speed plans for pas- sace of the O.O.P. bill to lop from the tax take by boosting personal exemptions, up- reports, it added, might be attributed to "wishful The Swedish cancer specialist Is Dr. Ells Berven. He arrived In Mos- cow this week on a summons from four Russian doctors who said they wished to consult with him. Nothing on Dr. Bervcn's activities has corn from the Moscow bureau of the Associated Press since a Tuesday dispatch. In which he reiterated tha he did not know the Identity of the patient whose case he was call- ed to consider. The report of Stalin on crutches came this week from Mario Pimen- tcl Brando, who left Moscow In November after serving as Brazilian ambassador to the Soviet union. He said Stalin's right side was par- alyzed. However, persons who ro- portod seeing Stalin in JVoscpw last month said he was tanned after a Lieutenant Glenn Davis, wartime football star al, West Point, smiles broadly from his bunk after arriving at Fort, Bcnnlnp, Cn.. for a 22-week course In infantry training in preparation for a two- year overseas assignment. Davis was noncommittal about the army's refusal to grant him a discharge.' He said he would not seel; another but remain until "the army decides to lot me out." (A.P. Wlrepholo to The Republican-Herald.) hiked a ride to downtown Superior, eglstcred at a hotel (the ailed a cab and started for Di uth. Do Mo stated that he "los vacation in the south of Russia, and appeared in good health. The Russian leader Is 08 years old. plying the. community property principle to all states and trimming nil tax ratc.i from the highest brackets down to the lowest. Pending future strategy meetings House O. O. P. steering com- mittee meets next week to look over the legislative lead- privately predicted this out- come- for other of Mr. Truman's proposals: Compulsory military training unlikely to be passed despite the insistence or top members of the House armed services committee lor action now. There In n "bare pos- sibility" that the proposal might be resurrected and put through at the last minute. Foreign Senate foreign relations committee starts hearings today on the administration's long- range plan to stem communism abroad by means of a muitl-bllllon dollar European recovery program. he gun used In the shooting whi walking along the highway towar Superior. Borg said that when apprehende >e Mo was wearing a dark brow oat which matched the descrlptio of one taken from Snow after th shooting and that he had on h person a billfold bearing the initla E.DJP., which were the Initials o Mrs, Frederick's husband, who die a few months ago. A billfold of tha description also was reported take after the shooting. There is little opposition to tho principle, of foreign aid but sharp disagreement over how much should be spent and who should supervise the program. Social security coverage likely broadened, but not as extensively as the President wants. National health Insurance) thti President's request for a national health program financed by com- pulsory insurance is In the "no sale category. Housing Mr. Truman's pita fo long-range, government-support ed housing program so that "every American family has a rlccen home" may go unheeded. Man Admits Setting Fire in Minneapolis Detective Cap- tain James Mullln wild today that n 25-year-old man, taken Into cus- tody for routine questioning, un- expectedly fulrrilucfl he had set a fire. August 17, HMO, at a. southeast rooming In which an elderly woman and an Infant were killed. 'Striped' Escaped Prisoner Travels Through 3 States Toledo, 22-year-old tectlon hand from Kentucky tolc jollce today he traveled through West Virginia, Ohio and Kentucky clres-sod In "stripes" after escaping September 1 from the Moundsvllle W. Va., prison. Detective Edward Cahlll tdentl. fled him as Fred Dllo.i, of Martlns- vllif, Ky. Cahlll said Dlles told this story: His slipped out of tho West Vir- ginia Institution with a companion, walked through Moundsvllle streets In his prison uniform with white vertical stripes and numbers, board- ed a bus. rode 00 miles on It, and then took another bus to Ohio. Ho went to his homo in Ken- tucky, stolo iiome clothes from his brother and went to Gibsonburg, Ohio, as a section hand. Wednes- day, however, ho saw his brother apply for a job with the gang, and! feeling recognition was near, came to Toledo and surrendered. Alabama Governor Bars Daily Newsmen Montgomery, for Alabama's dally newspaper, were barred today from attending Governor James E. Folsom's regu- lar press conferences. The governor's orders, releasec Wednesday through his executive secretary, O. H, Flnney, said only representatives of news wire serv- ices and weekly newspapers hence- forth would be admitted. No reason lor the order was giv- en. Folsom repeatedly charged the state's dally newspapers printed 'lies" about him during his cam- paign against a proposal to permit thu legislature to convene itself without a call by the governor. The amendment was rejected at a Hpeclal election Tuesday. Five Oregonians Drowned in Flood By The Associated Prcxs j Vast lowland areas of Oregon 'Heaven on Earth Describes Badger State, Says Wiley Washington Remind- ing- the Senate that this is Wisconsin's centennial year, Senator Alexander Wiley (R.- Wednesday called his state square miles of Jicaven on earth." In a brief speech, he invited his colleagues to visit "this mag- nificent paradise." only regret regarding the centennial, Wiley said, is that President Truman vetoed a bill which would Juivc authorized Issuance of a memorial coin. Russ Satellites May Recognize Reds in Greece London Eastern Europe's Soviet satellites are preparing to recognize the communist Greek "government" of Markos Vaflades despite western warnings that the move will bring about a major International crisis, high diplomatic authorities representing those coun- tries said here today. These Informants, who said that the ultimate objective of the com- munists was to capture Athens it- self, predicted that recognition of the Vaflades regime was at most a question of months. St. Cloud's New Charter Provides Development Aid St. Cloud, Minn. St. Cloud's proposed new city charter will pro- vide, among other things, for a permanent planning commission, charged with the definite task of mapping out the city of tomorrow. The new planning commission will consist .of seven members who will be appointed for seven year erms by the city council, and who will serve without pay. The board vlll meet monthly, and four times i year will meet Jointly with the Ity council to plan the future of he community. At the same time, the proposed ew charter provides for a perma- ent development fund, to be used rom tune to time to finance munic- pal projects porks, playgrounds, new auditorium and other worth- hlle projects. To Use License Group Given Secret Data On Graham Morgenthau Listed As Corn Trader; Hearings Slated Washing-ton A Senate committee Investigating speculation has received secret testimony from the broker who handled the account of President Truman's physician and from the broker's wife, herself a heavy trader and a Navy depart- ment worker, it was disclosed today. The committee investigating grain speculation Is going to look Into trading activities of Henry Morgen- thau, Jr., fanner secretary of treas- ury. Senator Ferguson mnntiie principles :harter. of the United Nations Vashlngton and Idaho were inun- ated today as flooding rivers swop hrough widely scattered valleys of he Pacific northwest states. Five persons have drowned in Oregon, where damage will bo In millions of dollars. The populous middle Willamette alley of Oregon braced for crests f six to eight foot above Hood stage s the Willamette river receded rom upper valley sectors where omc still are homeless near tigcne. Cnhlll (iiiotGc! Dlles nn wiylng hn has 10 months left to serve of a flve-year term for unarmed rob- bery. iistoric Cincinnati Hall Gutted by Fire ragim; fire that lot flames of feet into ic air gutted the upper three orlcs of historic Turner hall, on of uptown Cincinnati, early day. The fivo-story brick and frame Reinforcing this warning was a disclosure that Britain has deferred Indefinitely a scheduled early evac- uation of her troops in Greece Moreover, according to official spokesmen, she has reached a "broad agreement" with the United States not only on Joint diplomatic action to be taken in the event of recognition, but also of military steps to support the Athens regime In Its fluctuating fight against the guerrillas. "Every means short of war" will be used by the British and American jovernments to keep Greece within their own strategic and ideological orbit, one government source said. With Greece under communist! The development fund will be rcated by using 25 per cent of all oney the city derives each, year om licenses, permits and park- is meters. Thus one-quarter of IE money the city receives eachi ear from beer and liquor licenses, uilding permits, clog licenses, and ultlple other sources, as well as IB-fourth of the parking meter venues, will go into this develop- ___ ____ ent fund to accumulate fromifor Franklin D. Roosevelt the first ever given a president. Michelson had been chief Wash- ington correspondent for the New York World for 12 years before tak- ing the party Job which event- ually paid him a year. A native of Virginia City, Nev., he started his newspaper career as a J7 a week reporter on the San Francisco Post. He worked on sev- eral West coast and New -York papers. He died at a, m. after awak- ining and asking a nurse to bring him a cup of coffee. Truman Names Aeronautics Board Leader Wjuhinffton (jpj President Tru- man today selected Major General Laurence S, Kuter for chairman- ship of the Civil Aeronautics board, succeeding James M. Landls. In order to clear the way for Kuter's. nomination, Mr. Truman asked Congressional action on a bill to enable him to serve as a mem- ber of the board without disturb- ing his military status. Kuter is the United states rep- resentative on the council of the International Civil Aviation or- ganization. Landls was dropped as C.AJ8. chairman, at the end of lost year. Mr. Truman gave no explanation of decision not to reappolnt the former New' Dealer to the post. President Truman also announced he is appointing George V. Allen, low ambassador to Iran, as assis- tant secretary of state for public affairs: Presidential Press Success of Recovery Program Seen Secretary Cooperation of Senate Committee Waahlncton Secretary of Slate George C. Marshall told con- gressmen today that Russia, and the Communist party will "oppoie and sabotage" the European recovery program at every turn, but that he has "no doubt" the United can undertake It successfully. Marshall went before the Senate foreign relations committee to plead for an adequate, prompt and effectively administered program. The graying soldier-diplomat told the members the "great project" would be difficult enough. In nor- mal international political climate" md would be neither "sure nor In view of the natural difficulties and the Communist opposition. Marshall rend to the a statement spelling- out administration's plan to help put western Europe back on a foundation of economic stability. Then at the end. he wild: "There Is no doubt In my mind that if wo decide to do this thine we can do it Glrev Warning But repeatedly In his itaUsment Marshall warned against wnlttled- down or half-way measures. he sold bluntly: "Either undertake to meet the re- quirements of the problem or doot undertake It at all." The soldler-turaed-dlplomat re- jected outright the Republican backed proposal to create a new f ov- crnment corporation to administer the projected program. tadc; he said, "clearly calls for adminis- tration by a single responsible Indi- vidual." "There cannot be two of Marshall asserted. The man whose name the "Marshall plan" for European recovery appeared before the Senate foreign relations as first of more than a down' high officials assigned to present secretary Democratic the to Charles O. BOBS made the announce- ments for the President. Allen, a. native of Durham, N. C., will succeed William Bcnton, who recently resigned. The post carries with It direction of the State department's Voice of America, broadcasts and other for- eign Information programs. Conditions Better for Wave-Lashed Russian Vessel Tokyo Fifty-foot waves lashed the disabled Russian ship Dvina oS Northeast Japan today, but her condition was regarded as Improved and officials considered towing the vessel and her 780 pas- requirements. It Is not, he laid. sengers to safety, "asking figure" based on expert- Three rescue ships were standing Congress. by and six others were hurrying ta the full amount. Marshall tha RcpubUoan.OooirNk lor a four- year maltl-blUlon dollar program of assistance to Western Of the need for such aid. Mar- shall declared: "Dollars will not save tha the world to- day cannot be maved without dol- lars." The cabinet officer's briskly writ- ten, statement sketched the arguments for the huge project, unprecedented In America's peace- time history, told how and why be- thinks It should work, why he con- alders It necessary and what It ought to cost. Ho described the W.MO.OOO.OOO which President Truman has asked for the first 15 months of the plan, as a precision figure which not represent a generous At present rates of cltji Income, fund every 12 months. The planning commission, under provisions of the new charter, could not spend this money, but it could recommend how It is to bcj spent, The planning board, moreover, will be given the right to veto any spending of that fund, so as to preserve it for the financing of the city's long range program. Other Functions listed Other functions ot the planning commission arc to draw a mas- ;cr development plan for St. Cloud, to approve the location of any new! more per- plats or subdivisions, location or sons died In scattered violence changing of streets, alloys or throughout Palestine today and In Five More Killed ;j In Palestine War toward the leaking vessel, which had been pounded by massive waves 24 hours. The heavy seas prevent- ed any attempt to remove tho pas- sengers during a daylong, Ameri- can directed rescue effort. Naval authorities said her situa- tion was "considerably Improved" and that It might be possible to tow the Dvlna to shore. control, Russia would have a .strongI working several foothold In the eastern Medltcr- wlth 3: rancan which would enable her to enKaKed J" Putting the new charter bridges, location of public buildings or utilities, and the enactment and enforcement of a zoning code. Meanwhile the charter board, times each wcelc Benscn, attorney building, once used n.s a drill po? for the Army of the Republic, nov hollies the Turners ALlilctlc ussocla tion bowling alleys and gymnasium A U. S. postal substation occupie the first floor. Marine Reported Killed By Chinese Communists T.slngtao, Chlncxc garrison commander re- ported todny that Chlncne communists killed one of five U. S. ma- who became lost on a hunting trip In this North China area ChrNlmox day. U. S. navy authorities are continuing to withhold thn identities of tho marines, Marino hc.idquarlcm here had reported four marines disappeared In communist territory on the holiday hunting trip and said a fifth won A.W.O.L. and missing in tho same area. A Chinese official said a Jeep used by the party of four had been abandoned beyond government lines. The navy -nald tho vehicle was looted and wrecked. Meanwhile the central news agency reported without confirmation today that three American missionaries and a. child worn holloi-cd to have been captured liy ooniniiinlnt.i wlth- (IruwlriK from Ycnchonir. on the Tclplng-Hankow rallrimil. The Americans, Mr. nnd Mrs. Eric McMullen their child, Miss Gertrude Green, Seventh.Day missionaries, arc overdue on a trip Irom the mJjjion In Honan province to Hankow. dominate not only the economically weak Arab states but also the west- Inclined countries of southern Eur- ope. Wisconsin Telephone Company Bills Delayed Milwaukee The Wisconsin Telephone Company announced to- day its subscribers may pay this month's bills virtually at their own convenience. Thu company, which last month was delayed in mailing bills because of bookkeeping complications re- sulting from the temporary rate in- creases, gave the same reason for this month's delay. 'A notice enclosed with bills mail- ed this week said "If this bill is received too late to be paid con- veniently before the discount date shown, the net amount will be ac- cepted as full payment." The nor- mal grace period Is 20 days. Twin Boys Born Two Days Apart Into legal form, is making excellent progress. The task of writing- the new charter Is almost completed excep !for the inst throe articles According to present plans It wll be ready for submitting II. the voters by the middle of February Home Rule The charter board, appointed al- most a year ago, has mot scores of times. In .addition to the meetings, there huve been panel Kroup.s In constant session, and board mem- bers have done considerable amounts of individual study. In some weeks It has not been unusual for the charter board to have four or more meetings, and the attendance at all of the sessions of the board have jeen upward of BO per cant of the 15 members. It is the intent of the charter Nccrtmorc, W. boys horn two rtuys iipurt to Mr. mill Mm. Curtis I'urltftr. Tlic boy put In Jii.s np- pourancc Sunday, the second arrived Tuesday. board it was pointed out, to sub- mit the new instrument to thc.vot- rs next month so that the electors of St. Cloud can decide whether to approve it as a new form of local home rule government. If the new charter is approved, city officers to bo elected in 1948 will be chosen for the new charter jobs, replacing the present city commission type of municipal government, which the charter board decided was badly outmoded and no longer practical for a city this size. Jerusalem the. Jaffa gate bristled with Arab armament. Rumors spread that a new Jewish attack would be launched against the gate. Seven Jews liberated from a hos- pital one of their comrades who was wounded and captured Wed- nesday alter Jews made an armor- ed car attack on the Jaffa gate 'which cost the lives of 17 Arabs nnd three Jews. Lardner, Two Others Sue Film Studios Lorn Angeles Ring Lardner, Jr., Lester Cole and Edward Dmytryk have filed suits for total of against rnovle studios who removed them from their 'ilm Jobs for refusal to answer ques- tions before a House committee on un-American activities Jn Wash- ington. Dmytryk, producer and director, asked from R-K-O studio, alleging damage to his artistic repu- tation and "humiliation and an- guish" because of his dismissal. Lardner, a writer, demanded from Twentieth Century- Fox and asked that his week- ly contract be declared in force. declared, Is required "to Initiate program of genuine recovery and to take both Europe and thU nation out of the blind alley of mere con- tinuing relief." As for the whole undertuklnir, secretary reiterated earlier that the cost range between and But he "the over-all cost li not capable of precise determination M far In advance." Cole's suit, directed at M-G-M, ask- ed an Injunction ordering the studio to put him bock on his writing Job at S1.150 weekly. Minneapolis Boys Quizzed on Fires Minneapolis Four school boys, ten to 13 yean old, questioned by arson squad firemen today while an Investigation con- tinued Into a, scries of Wed- nesday In the vicinity of Steveai avenue and 17th xtrcct, Arthur Spottswood, chief of city's fire prevention bureau, term- ed incendiary fires which struck two apartment houses In the same block on Stevens avenue noon Wednesday. shortly after Weather Battle Explodes As Knutson Calls Truman's Tax Plan 'As Dead As a Mackerel9 Washington The first big election year bottle between Fresl dent Truman and the Republican- controlled Congress exploded today with a. declaration by Representa- tive Harold Knutson (R.-Mlnn.) :hat the President's tax program 'Is as dead as a mackerel." The President asked Congress Wednesday to grant a "cost oi living" tax cut for every member of a freeing perhaps low Income- per- .sons from further to make up the revenue loss by in new levies on corporations. "It is just a political Resturc. It will pet r.o consideration at siild Knutson. To which Speaker Joseph Martin CR.-Mass.) added: "I don't expect the President's proposal to got far and I don't think the President expected It would when he made it. "We (Republicans) will have a tax _ bill of our own that will give more benefit to the little people nnd will be one that will stimulate Instead of hurting business. We arc not going to Increase anybody's taxes, for tho time has come to get rid of wartime taxes." But Representative Rayburn of Texas, the House Democratic lead- er, quickly backed up the White House plan and, in a retort to Knutson, declared: "I don't concede anything." When the Mlnncsotan Introduced Us bill in the last hours of the special session, he labeled t "veto proof." But the President's message left little doubt that if it goes to the White House in Its form It Is certain to be ejected. FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Cloudy to- night and Friday. Continued mild temperature. Low tonight 24; Friday 35. Minnesota: Cloudy tonight and Friday, Occasional imow In the north portion. Colder In north- west portion tonight and entire itaU By Friday night. Wisconsin: Cloudy tonight and Friday. Snow, sleet, or freezing rain in the northwest portion this after- noon and In northeast portion early tonight. Occasional light rain to southeast portion early tonight. Colder In extreme north portion Friday and entire state by Friday night. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 2< hours ending at 13 m, today: Maximum, 35; minimum, IS; noon, 35; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Pep. Chicago.......... 39 Denver 00 International Falls 29 Los Angeles 73 Miami Mpls.-St. Paul New Orleans New York 72 .17 62 35 Seattle si Washington 37 24 25 35 3 53 30 41) 27 42 22 a 01 .01 k ;