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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1947, Winona, Minnesota W BATHER Partly lonlcht, Thumiliiy fair, Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Press PROTECT YOUR FUTURE Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations U. Sf SAVINGS BONDS VOLUME 46, NO. 273 W1NONA, -MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 8. 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Youngdahl Asks New State Taxes Truman Warns G.O.P. Opposes Income Tax Cut On 'Unsound Fiscal' Policy Increased Social Security Benefits Asked by President President Tru- man told Congress today the way to keep America prosperous In 1047 Is to leave taxes alone, raise min- imum wages. Increase social security benefits, broaden coverage of the uaKe-hour law and maintain rent controls. It would be "unsound fiscal policy" to cut wartime Income taxes, tho chlr[ executive declared In his first ivnnunl economic report to the logls- larlvo branch. The main approach to balancing "real purchasing power" with pro- ductive capacity, he said, 'must be through reduced prices." Taxes should be kept at present levels, Mr. Truman asserted, be- cause of "tho rule of sound public finance that calls for surplus In gov- ernment revenues over expenditures while employment is high and the total Income Is large." AdmlU Burden Great He conceded tho tax burden Is Bleat and ahould be lightened "as toon as possible." but he cautioned: "When reductions come, It will be Important that they be fairly and equitably dlntfttwted, that they con- tribute- to maintenance of pur- chasing by reducing tho bur- den on the mass of consumers, and that they help provide the work one business Incentives essential lor a high level of production." The President's lengthy report, based on studies by his new econ- omic council, began on this cheerful note: "As the year 1047 opens America has never been AG Ktroiift or no prcMtxirmiff. Nor have uur pronprctn ever been brighter." Mr, Truman said he and the American people reject "the notion we must have another depression." In addition to Immediate action toward raisin? minimum wages, the President said, Congress should adopt long-range housing pro- Kram. encourage construction of 2.000.000 homes In the next 12 months and adjust public assistance, old age and 'Insurance (vent-fits under the social security net to meet cost of living increases. Mr. Truman mentioned no specific fi- gures in his minimum wage and social security recommendations. Congress set up the President's (Continued on Pace 0, Column 3) TRUMAN Marshall Succeeds Byrneslncrease Urged Would Revoke After Resignation In forma] attire, Secretary of State Byrnes and Mn. their apartment In to attend a White Home diplomatic reception. Karller the White Home announced President Truniuu find J U. S. Vulnerable Meets TO Atom Bombing, Hutchins Warns By The Associated Press The resignation of James F. Byrnes as United States secretary of state was received In world capitals today with sharp surprise, and expressions of regret were mingled with overtones of be- Truman Sets Three Main Goals for '47 Tru- man, In his economic report to Con- gress today, set three main goals for this country In 1947. 1. Employment about M hlfh M In Z. Lower Make wage only where they won't Increase prices or where needed because of hither living cotti. 3. More foodi and Berrlces than In 1940, five per cent more. Ho offered this short-rango pro- gram to Congress: Continue rent controls; don't lower taxes; increase social security benefits; set up a long-range hous- ng program; try to keep strikes to a minimum and outlaw Jurlsdlctlon- al strikes'and "unjustified" second- ary boycotts. Then he offered this long-range wlldertnent. A chorus of approval for the ap- pointment of General George C. Marshall as Byrnes' successor ex- tended to the Russian-controlled press In Berlin, but foreign offices buzzed with speculation over the possible effects of the dramatic change upon America's foreign pol- icy. Among United Nations represen- tatives at Lake Success, N. Y., at- tention centered on the fact that Byrnes' resignation followed so closely that of Bernard M. Baruch as U. 8. member of the U.N. atomic commission. London Approves Official London received the se- lection of General Marshall with approval. But the press, which treated the announcement as top. news, generally regretted Byrnes' retirement. The Communist Dally Worker speculated that Byrnes was "regard- Woman Shot On Streetcar Uncle Sought by Police for Slaying Milwaukee Virginia Szeme- ret, 24, who was shot on a crowded streetcar last night by a man po- lice identified as her uncle, an ex- convict, died today about five hours after the shooting. Three of the terrorized passen- gers on tho Wells street trolley suf- fered minor bullet wounds, as the man whom Detective Lieutenant Rudy Closer identified as Elmer Henry Pierce, 37, flred four shots at Miss Szemeret as she attempted to flee from the streetcar. The man, who had boarded the car with Miss Szemeret, Jumped through the open door of the streetcar and disap- peared. Glascr said that Miss Szemeret had told him after she was removed to the county emergency hospital that she had met Pierce at a West Side streetcar stop and showed her a revolver and told her, "I want you to go with me." Miss Szemeret, who was employed in a downtown Milwaukee lithographic Arm, suffer- ed a bullet wound over the heart. Police said that Pierce had been sentenced to Woupan (Wig.) state prison from Milwaukee in 1030 for a term of ten to 20 years on an assault and robbery charge. They said he had been, living in Chicago Named to Cabinet General Georro C. Marshall Mother Who Left Crippled Girl at Hospital Sought Minneapolis General hos in recent years. pltal staff members today enllste all the help they could muster find a young mother whom the want to help. The woman came to the hos pital earlier today bearing a crip pled six-year-old girl hi a blankete bundle, which into laid on a bench Busy attendants thought .nothing o it when the woman, after gazin long and fondly at the bundle, ab- United States Is In the position "of the little boy who eisked for a got but we have succeeded in for- getting "that the atomic bomb hangs over us and that it alters the whole outlook of life in Ameri- Dr. Robert Maynard Hutchlns, educator, said today. Chairman of the board of editors of the Encyclopedia Brltannica, Dr. Hutchlns Is chancellor-on-leave of the University of Chicago. In an address prepared for the Publicity club of Chicago, Dr. Hutchlns said the United States "Is vulnerable form every quarter of the globe, thanks to the scientists." "We have known at least since the time when Napoleon invented total ho continued, "that war would have to be abolished. Now, sented- herself .from the room. When she failed to return, nurse! investigated and found this pencllcc and unsigned note pinned to th child's blankets: "Please see that Patsy Is well taken care of. I can't take can of her any more. She is the dear est, most patient litle girl for some body who has suffered all of he: six years of life. I love her more than anyone else, but I believe she will be given better care this I haven't a penny to my name Don't give her eggs, tomato Juice or peas. I'll never forgive myself for this. But If it will do her any good God bless the one who cares for her." Nurses assure the young mother, should she read this, that all the help she needs is waiting for her and the child. we can have no excuse for falling to understand that our hope is in world Justice, world law, world gov- ernment, state. The eyent of August 6, 1045, makes plain to Two Election Contests Before State Senate St. Paul Prompt O.K. Given In Senate Retiring Secretary of State Leaving Because of Health By John M. Hlghtower Washington General George C. Marshall was considered certain today to endorse and sup- port Secretary of State James Byrnes' foreign the "firm" stand toward now that he has replaced Byrnes in the top-ranking cabinet post. The Senate unanimously con- firmed today the nomination. Tho speedy action came in a Re publican-directed move to demon strate foreign policy unity. The Senate acted within 65 mtn utes after the nomination of th wartime army chief of stafl was sent to Capitol hill by the Preslden who accepted Byrnes' resignation last night with regret. Both diplomatic and congresslon al leaders agreed that Marshall wl "carry on" with the task of con structlng world peace where Byrni leaves off. Hence capital Interest in his fu ture policies was equaled If not ex ceeded the fact that as secre- tary of state tho flve-star genera will become first In line for succes slon to the presidency whether he likes it or lead ing figure among the 1948 Demo- cratic presidential possibilities. Democratic and Republican mem Cigarette and Liquor Revenue New Governor bers of Congress alike lauded Mar snail's selection, tempering their only with regret Byrnes' departure. Difficult Tank At 66, Marshall is stepping into mo of his most difficult and critl- al tasks. As army chief of staff e did much to design the strategy f Allied victory. As secretary o! tate he will have possibly a great- r of working 1th the foreign ministers of other major powers to complete the struc- ure 'Of peace. Byrnes, only little more than a ear older than Marshall, attributed is resignation to doctors' advice arly lost year that he had to slow He said he could not emain secretary of state and do hat. Byrnes first asked last April 18 be allowed to resign on July 1, xpectlng the European satellite eace treaties would be complete then. Accepting the resignation, Presl- ent Truman gave his old friend "well done" and "the thanks of e nation" for the achievements his long public career. This had carried him through th branches of Congress, to the upreme court, into a wartime Job war mobilizer under the late esident Roosevelt, and finally to Lather W. Yonnydahl Piers Burn at Weehawken, N.J.; Loss in Millions Weehawken, N. general alarm fire, fanned by high winds roared through two freight export piers of the New York Central rail- road today, blanketing the Hudson river waterfront opposite mldtown Manhattan with dense o] smoke. A railroad spokesman the would, reach at least Viva railroad employes were In- jured In the spectacular cd as an old Roosevelt dullest wits that it is one world that no county, city, village, town or other unit of govcrnmen has authority to levy taxe n.-i.icM. levy or collect any tax income. Caretaker Shot in St. Paul Holdup St. youthful gun men lost fled with In cash and checks after shooting An drew J. Sullivan, GO-year-old apart mcnt house caretaker in the lef hand. Sullivan tow police he was count- Ins the money In his first floor (ip.irtment at 135 Northwestern avc- nuo when the pair, wearing muf- flers about the lower parts of their liiCf.'.. entered with drawn guns When he remonstrated. Sullivan one of them pushed u plstoi into his abdomen. As Sullivan tried to push tho weapon away, the gunman fired inflicting the hand wound. Chicago Livestock Man Gored by Bull Saul. 37, Of Genoa, III., was in serious condi- tion at Evangelical hospital hero to- day after he had suffered ten frac- tured ribs and a punctured left IUTIK when he wtis sored by a bull yesUTda.v at. Chicago stockyards. Saul is a salesman for a livestock commission flrm. i program: Workers should be trained and helped In finding Jobs; and dis- crimination against workers because of age, sex, color or religion should be outlawed. Eyes Farm Farm Incomes must not go below a reasonable level and the principle should be plenty, instead of scar- city. Tho government should help var- ious regions with flood control, fair transportation rates; and It should help the states with more money for health and education programs'. There should bo a long-range fed- eral works program, bigger programs for public health, nutrition and edu- cation; the whole social security program should be overhauled to expressed belief he had been ouste by President Truman. In Berlin the resignation cause consternation among German pol tlcal leaders, particularly those t the Social Democratic party. One a these recalled that Byrnes had wo many Germans with his Septembe 6 Stuttgart speech, which the Ger mans said gave them "hope of exis tence." But the Soviet-controlled news [ive more money to more people. And in international dealings, this country should continue its recipro- cal trade is, lowering ariffs for countries which lower ariffs for this country. iVestern Justice Lcavcnworth, Wash. Ten deer, at bay on the rim of a cliff verhanglng the Wenatchee river, eapcd to their deaths when a band f cougars closed in, Game Pro- ictor Bob Hems tree t reported. The meat was salvaged and plac- d In a cold storage plant for use y charitable institution. Then lemstrect began organizing a posse o pursue tho killers. And there ore plenty volunteers a state bounty on ougars. paper Naoht Express welcomed Mar shall as "a man of more flcxibl views and policies than Byrnes, and one who has "the reputation o maintaining; good relations with Soviet statesmen." Surprise in Rome Rome's press reflected surprise and bewilderment. In Parts the semiofficial Press agency, also showing surprise said Byrnes left "at his peak, since the New York discussions of the "Big Pour" foreign ministers have been' a him particu- larly." China's officials followed the usu- al course of declining to comment formally, but government sourcw expressed satisfaction at the selec- tion of General Marshall, who for 13 months as a special TJ. S. envoy became well informed on Chinese problems. Sailor From Duluth Killed in Philadelphia E. Rolfson, 21, son of Mr. and Mrs. Emmett E. Rolfson here, and stationed in adelphia as a naval storekeeper, was killed when struck by a subway train there, his parents were notified Tuesday. Sao Paulo Schools Sao Paulo, muni- cipality of Sao Paulo will spend on primary education in 1047, according to tho city secre- tary of finances. or none at all." Dr. Hutchins said our Increasing "has been wasted on futile to stave off boredom by leisure efforts spending more and more money try- ing to get somebody to amuse us." Ball Introduces New Labor Bill Joseph Ball (R.-Minn.) today introduced legislation to bar all labor contracts which make either membership or non-membership in a union a con- Two election con- tests were formally presented to the state senate at its second meet- ing of the current session Both allege corrupt practices act! Amld B" tne huD6ulJ violations. In the contest, William Dietz of alarm fire. Five hours after the blaza start- ed, fire officials It was under but they expected to battle lurnihg cresoted pilings on one pier for many more hours. A. A. Darby, freight agent In charge of the Weehawken terminal, estimated the cargo loss on de- troyed Pier S at while ailroad officials said the pier was insured for No estimate f damage to adjacent Pier 4 was immediately available. Five railroad employes were In- ured when the blaze started on 3ler 3, a quarter mile north of the West Shore railroad passenger ter- minal. Pier 3 was destroyed. Cause f the fire was not immediately de- termined. Thousands of New York-bound ommuters of the West Shore rail- oad watched the billowing smoke nd spurts of orange flame shoot undreds of feet Into the air. Railroad spokesmen said the piers ere loaded with general merchan- dise. Including flour, automobiles and carloads of limestone, destined for ships In nearby New York har- bor. dition of employment. The bill would outlaw: 1. Closed shop contracts. These require a worker to Join a union before he con be hired. 2. Union shop agreements. Under hese an employer' may hire a non-union man, but he must join within a certain period. 3. Maintenance of membership ontracts. Under such contracts, no me is compelled to Join a union, but hose who do Join must maintain membership during the life of the ontract, or lose their Jobs. Ball's bill also would specifically rohlbit the so-called "yellow-dog" ontract, under which employers make non-membership In a union condition of employment. Actually, these contracts already re banned under Ihe Norris- a Guardia act of 1932. They also re classified as an "unfair labor ractice" under the national labor clations act of 1945. Montgomery, a senator since 1835, asked that he be seated as senator from the 17th district. Frank M. Wrabek of Le Center filed an ob- jection, urging a special election to nil the seat. Henry G. Young of Minneapolis, former senator from the 32nd dis trlct, filed the other contest, agalns Marvin Anderson, Basis for Dletz's petition was ruling of District Judge Marti Nelson of Austin that Wrabek ha violated the corrupt practices ac by circulating false and mislead ing statements. Judge Nelson hel that election of Wrabek, who de jfeatcd Dletz, to in th November election, was null one void. Dletz's petition said he was th only candidate besides Wrabek, tha no certificate of election.has been Issued, and asked that he be seated on the basis of the vote he re- ceived. over th (Continued on Page 14, Column 5 MARSHALL In his -statement of objections Wrabek said that for the senate to scat Dietz would be "to set aside .he mandate of the-' voters of Le Sueur county" and to void and frus- trate the will of the He asked that Judge Nelson's decision be set aside as depriving Hm of his right of free speech and .hat a special election be called The senate, he added, has no power ,o appoint or elect a member and hat to do no would permit it to become a self-perpetuating body. Young alleged in his petition that Anderson had violated the corrupt practices act by circulating "false, defamatory, slanderous and llbel- ous statements" during the cam- paign, and had spent more on his campaign than the permitted by law. Anderson was sworn in yesterday along with 65 other members of the enate, but neither Wrabek nor fiinneapolis Switchman ues Line for Minneapolis Claiming he as thrown to the ground when a ar he was on jerked New Year's ay, Vernon L. Sadilek. 23, Minne- polls switchman, Tuesday filed suit'Dletz made any attempt to take n federal court here for the oath. Both were present, how- galnst the Great Northern railway, ever. Plane Struck Unlighted Marker, Inquiry Shows St. W Piske Marshall or Northwest Air- line reported last night that in- vestigation of the burning of a com- pany passenger plane In Chicago Monday night had "ruled out the possibility of any structural defect by the airplane." Forty-one persons aboard the plane escaped unhurt. "In approaching the field to make his landing Captain Gait had the plane lined up for a landing on run- way Marshall said. "Every- thing was routine and normal as he came in from the northeast to make }is landing. Antipollution Legislation Washington Once again Congress is being asked to pass antipollutlon legislation. It Is designed to rid" the country's streams of contamination causcc chiefly by sewage and Industrial wastes. Reviving an issue of many years standing. Representatives Karl Mundt (R.-N. D.) and Charles Els- ton (R.-Ohlo) Introduced, bills to carry forward a program under the U. S. Public Health service. Money would be provided by the federal security agency to states and public agencies for costly puri- fication plants. Industries would >e eligible for loans; states and pub- ic units for grants. Antipollutlon legislation foiled of passage last year, as it did in many jrcvlous years, because of a con- roversy over enforcement provl- lons. Would Revoke Licenses Where Gambling Exists By Jack Macluy St. Paul Heavier taxes on (liquor. Iron ore. gross earnings of utilities and railroads, and new- taxes In the luxury field and on cigarettes were recommended to [Minnesota's 55th legislature today I by Governor Luther W. Youngdahl as sources of additional revenue. Prolonged applause greeted Young- dahl as he entered the house cham- ber. The new governor started his speech promptly after Chief Justice Charles Loring of the suprema court administered the oath ct office. Governor YoungdahJ. in his In- augural message, also favored a law which would forfeit any liquor, food or any other of any business establishment la which slot machines or other gam- bling devices arc operated. The new governor suggested dou- bling the liquor tax, n two-cent or three-cent tax on cigarettes, a 20 per cent admissions tax, which would Include theaters and sports events, and a boost in the royalty and occupation levies on iron ore. Governor Youngdahl also recommendations concerning hous- ing, education, mental hospitals, so- clal welfare problems such as al- lowances for old age assistance, de- pendent children and the blind, sal- aries for state employes, public health, youth conservation, veterans, human relations, management-labor relations, agriculture, aviation, and how to achieve stricter law enforce- ment. The governor also called for: 1. Either elimination of the present monthly maximum or In the nutxunnm allowance to old assistance recipients. 2. Generous boost in maxi- mum grants to mothers with, dependent children, and lib- eralization of laws in behalf of the blind. 3. An additional per year in state aids to provide "an equal oppor- tunity for high school educa- tion to every boy and cirl ia Minnesota." 4. A minimum teachers' salary law, making compli- ance with it as a condition of receiving state aid. 5. Establishment of a hgus- Inc commission, and enact- ment of enabling- legislation BO local public bodies can ob- tain federal funds made available for housing pro- grams. 6. State rent control under the proposed housing com- mission, to take effect if and when federal control ia ended. 7. Adequate psychiatric service for mental hospitals. 8. Construction and op- eration of an institution for children with serious mental and emotional disturbances, {Continued on Pace 9. Column S) YOCNGDAHL Truman Urges Full Support for Red Cross Tru- man today called for support of the American Red Cross in its annual drive for funds. Addressing his nppeal specifically ;o government workers, Mr. Truman said in a statement that when dis- asters threaten "n-e ioojc to the American. Red Cross for prompt and effective emergency help." Activities of the organization have been turned from the demands of war, he said, to "binding up the wounds of war." _. "Large numbers of men will still 'Due to the fact that green lights mark of St. Paul winter carnivals be in he added. "There ce Palace Planned or St. Paul Carnival St. ice palace, trade which marked the end of the 1886, will be constructed again way were obscured by several Inches of snow and were not visible to the pilot, the airplane was permitted to descend at a point short of the runway. "The left wheel of the landing gear struck an unllghted concrete narker which weakened the gear ;o such an extent that it collapsed upon landing." this year after a lapse during the war years, C, A. Maley, camlva committee chairman, announced to- day. The Ice block structure will go up in the Highland Park area where Maley said facilities are better than in other more centrally located dis- tricts for handling traffic. The pal- !ace will measure 225 feet across its Marshall said the inquiry with a 75-foot tower in the made by four NWA officials and epresentatives of the Civil Aero- autlcs administration and the Civil board. center and two 40-foot minarets at each side, connected by parapeted walls. It will be floodlighted at I night, Maley reported. Steve Canyon Coming For weeks now, Milton Caniff, America's outstanding adventure strip artist has been working on his new strip for The Republi- can-Herald and other papers throughout the country. And In a few days now January 13 to be exact, the strip will make its first appearance in this newspaper. It will be known as Steve Canyon. are millions of veterans to whom the Red Cross has an obligation." Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy and somewhat colder to- night; low 22.' Thursday generally fair with no important temperature change; high near 30. cloudy tonight and Thursday. Somewhat warmer Thursday and Thursday night with light snow Thursday night. fair and ft little colder tonipht. Thursday part- ly cloudy with little change in tem- perature. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 32 m. today: Maximum, 34; minimum. 20; noon. 25; precipitation, trace of snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at ;