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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 6, 1950, Winona, Minnesota CLOUDY, NOT SO COLD WINTER CARNIVAL JAN. 19-22 VOLUME 49, NO. 272 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 6, 1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES TOD4Y- New World Peace Try Necessary By Joseph Stewart Alsop Washington These are times, ft seems when the appearance) and the reality of politics are di-j vorced beyond remedy. The dent's recent message 1o Congress, so bland, hopeful and eupeptic, represents the appearance. The best current symbol of the reality is the Investigation now being quietly carried on by the Ameri- can government's highest scientific advisers and certain other top pol- icy-makers. The subject of this investigation is, very simply, the desirability of launching another great project like the Manhattan district, in or- der to build a hydrogen bomb 000 or more times more powerful than the bomb that fell on Hiro- shima. Previous reports in this space have disclosed the debate within the government about this hydrogen bomb project. A fund- amental Issue of high policy and grand strategy is also involved, which must now be dealt with. The key fact about the sudden drive to build a hydrogen bomb as soon as possible is the fact that this drive originated immediately after the explosion of the Soviet atomic bomb. Until then, our sole possession of the uranium-pluton- lum bomb had been a great source of confidence, not to say compla- cency. In the last analysis, the "American atomic monopoly" had been generally regarded as a sure foundation of our security. The ex- plosion in Siberia ended all that, The collapse of the "American atomic monopoly" therefore caus- ed an immediate search for a sub- stitute. The substitute is now to be the hydrogen bomb. In the grim competition to devise weapons of total destruction, we are to keep just one jump ahead. And this "American lead" is to replace the former "atomic monopoly" as our security's new foundation. THIS IDEA OF THE "American lead" Is crucially important. If on- ly because it is the President's chief Justification for the current impairment of our normal armed strength, in the interests of nomy. The idea appeals to every American instinct of optimism and self-assurance. But it nonetheless conceals a basic deception. Let us grant that maintenance of the "American lead" is possible, despite the almost total disarray of our research and development program, and the total dedication of the Soviet economy to war pur- poses. The direction of military In- vention the place where this] "lead" will logically take us is' towards more and more horribly destructive weapons, delivered greater and greater distances, at higher and higher speeds. Today, Truman Sees 61 Million Jobs Preston Woman Burns to Death Preston, Minn. An aged Preston woman burned to death this morning when a kerosene stove apparently ex- ploded and set the frame house in which she lived afire. Victim of the mishap. was Mrs. Jens Gilbertson, 88, a life- lonc resident of this commun- ity, whose body was found ly- ing among the debris in the kitchen of the house swept by the flash fire shortly before 11 a. m., today. Efforts of neighbors and members of the Preston fire de- partment to rescue the a semi-invalid for the past sev- eral stymied by flames that blocked all en- trances to the structure within minutes after the fire was first discovered. Notices Smoke The blaze was noticed at about a. m., by Charles Kohhneyer of Fountain who, with his two sons, was entering highway 52 at the north end of the city when he noticed smoke pouring from the Gilbestson house about two blocks away. Kohlmeyer notified a nearby filling station attendant of the blaze and the Preston fire de- partment was summoned. Told that the woman was a semi-invalid, Kohlmeyer and his sons ran with the filling station attendant to the house but flames prevented them from en- tering. When the fire had subsided sufficiently for firemen to enter the house, Mrs. Gilbertson's body was found in the kitchen, covered by debris which had been scattered about the house by the exploding stove. Gold Star Mother Mrs. Gold Star mother whose son was the first. Preston casualty in World War alone in the house when the fire broke out. Her daughter, Clara Gilbert- son, who also resides in the family home, stated this morn- ing that when she had left home for work this morning, her mother bad told her to leave one burner of the three- burner kerosene stove lit so that she might later warm up a pot of coffee. It is believed that the stove exploded wliile Mrs. Gilbertson was in the kitchen. Fillmore County Coroner J. P. Nehring visited the scene oJ the fire and pronounced that the woman had died of burns. Another occupant of the house, Mrs. Gilbertson's son, Carl, was not in the house either at the time of the fire. Legion Post The Gilbertson-Magdlin post of the American Legion here is named in honor of her son, Jul- ius, who was killed in action in Prance. Preston Fire Chief Al Krause stated that the fire was prevent- ed from spreading to other structures in the residential area although tee Gilbertson house and all contents were described as a total loss. At noon today, firemen were still at the smouldering ruins. In addition to the two children living at home, Mrs. Gilbertson is survived by two sons, Arthur of Fountain and Melvin, Minne- apolis, and four daughters, Mrs. Anton (Nettie) Malley, Owaton- na; Mrs. Evelyn. Prestegard, also of Owatonna, and two married daughters, Nina of Minneapolis and Martha of Blooming Prairie. Postwar Economy Strong, Stable, President States By Sterling F. Green Washington President Truman declared today the United States can offer its people 61 million jobs this year, 64 million in five years and, in the end, "the complete elimination of Poverty. In a sobe- yet optimistic annual economic message, Mr. Truman the nation's economy has emerged strong and stable, and told Congress the nation's economy Recognizes Chinese Reds Excise Tax Cut May Be Added ToOleoBill Relations With Chiang Severed By Hal Cooper Britain extended full diplomatic recognition to- day to the Chinese communist government. The first major western power to recognize Mao Tze-tung's red regime as China's legal government, Britain severed relations with Chiang Kai-shek's hard-pressed Nationalist administration. The Nationalists promptly replied from Chiang's Formosa head- quarters with a note breaking off diplomatic relations with Britain. U. 5. Cautions Americans to Leave Formosa By Don Washington A quiet offi- cial move to clear Americans out the researchers envision hydrogen of communist-threatened Formosa Other Western European powers were expected to follow quickly Britain's lead. Authoritative Dan- ish sources said Norway, Sweden and Denmark probably would an- other nounce Joint action soon, simul- taneously in the three Scandinavi- an capitals. The long-anticipated move, tak- en primarily in an effort to pro- tect Britain's billion-dollar invest- ment in China, brought a split In Anglo-American foreign policy co- operation. U. S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson said in Washington yesterday the question of Ameri- can recognition of the Chinese communists was premature. Formal Recognition The announcement by the for- eign office said British recogni- tion Is on a "de jure" basis. That is, Britain accepts the Peiping "people's republic" as the govern- the whole process has not had ment of China in law as well as rudely halted in the interval business there. in fact. bombs carried in pllotless Jet air- craft guided by automatic celestial i .US "Ifs-not- Son which brought navigation. The i m a g i n a t i o ni f t from Republicans. shrinks from what the researchers, Dlplomatlc oKlclals said the .may be thinking about in another wonf had gone- out to Americans decade, provided, of course, that, Natlonallst FURTHERMORE and this warnng to evacuate 5 Children Die Kitchen Fire Kills Widow at La Crosse In Montana Fire Mlssoula, Mont. A flash fire swept through a two story house in near-zero weather today, burning five children to death. Ji'ie victim ui tuc ujtwjc, Two of the 11 children in the; a 12.hour period, was Mrs. Frances K. ,____. J Tint "DoTT-ldl Tt'Vl t i home and Jim Parrish, who was i the three-family caring for them, .were burned sen- apartment building in which Mis. ously. Four other youngsters escap- ed injury. Burns lived was empty as they bat- tled the blaze which was sweeping The blaze was discovered about the basement through the :30 a. m. Within a fewi suddenly, through the dense flames had spread through-1 smok'e tn neard Mrs_ Burns' t home of Mr and A fireman answered. parents of the 11 They was official of e. Wash., with an- Some of the children, dressed only In night clothing, escaped by Jump- ing out of windows or fleeing through the front door in the bit- ter cold. Others were rescued by firemen, neighbors and workers from a near- by railroad roundhouse. The dead: Gladys, 13: Stanley, ten; Beverly, seven; Carol, six, and Sharon, five. t. Qn i ii Bciicroi wmuiiis >u The Nationalist ambassador to explosion of the avolded_ authoritles said, lest London, Dr. Cheng' Tien-hsi, was viet atomic bomb has shown Gleneraiissim0 Chiang notified in advance last night that, once and for all. that a lead 1sjKai_snek.s precarious nold on the as a result of the British action, all we can hope to maintain cw reportedly faces and other dipiomatic represen- threat of Internal revolution tatives of Chiang Kai-shek are no or a posslwe a nyarogen oomo or uuiiiirut-uiiB Forrnosa welr intercontinental guided missiles, Soviets can at least do later. In-j an uprising deed, if our scientists and policy j makers are arguing about a hy-i longer recognized in London. Britain was the fourth nation out- Suddenly, through smoke, they heard Mrs. Burns' tele- Oak Grove cemetery, where Mrs. Burns had been employed for many years, caning to ask why she was late for work. A hasty search disclosed Mrs Burns' body near the kitchen door. Dr George Keay, La Crosse county coroner, said death was due to suf- focation. The fire started in the basement of the building, Fire Chief Adolph Kessel said, apparently from hot Taken to a hospital with Parrish'ashes. It swept up through the walls were Bobby Molenda, nine, and Gor-j and 'threatened to surge through don two. Parrish was believed to I the roof of the two-story building, have suffered his burns while res-1 converted from an old home to cuing Linda Molenda, 17 months. 1 apartment use. Others to escape the deadly! Mr. and Mrs. Walter Aron, other flames were Frances, 18; smelled smoke as they pre- 15, and Eldon, 12. j pared to leave for work this morn- Firemen said the cause of the fire had not ben determined. Hospital Chiefs Confer on Chaplains St. Paul 'Minnesota an important makers are arguing tioout a j fc- declslon. announced! drogen bomb project, one President 4V...4 nml in T-nncT. nfl VP_______, -in vine-a the third apartment, already A 22 caiiber bullet was taken T, re her lung after the shooting tin" who lived with her, was in Mil- Monday. waukee today. Under New Jersey law the names fight for life in Bayonne hospital where she is reported slightly 1m- proved but still on the danger list. _......... Police yesterday identified thej Senator Gillette (D.-Iowa) boy as Arthur Brown. His girl friend is Janet Borow, they said. He is being held on an open charge while the girl still is in dan- OCIlo, uUl UilJ.CH'C ij. i the Senate Thursday that namely, the policies he blue- of the federal tax on oleomargar-1 printed in todays message and ine might set loose "an army of Wednesday's State of the X-nion federal snoopers." The snoopers, he said, would spy on restaurants and other pub- lic eating houses to see whether they are complying with the law, Gillette explained that the bill, as passed by the House last year, The other fire, discovered last of Juveniles ordinarily are withheld ire tbe posting puMlo night was in the La Crosse Woolen by PoUce. A Juvenile cannot be tried wnfire margarlne dhieflin regular court unless the charge s _ j s lng_ m ,c mot to send any military help and Burma already have, ..jadvice to Chiang at this time. .taken that step. Even if we maintain our 'M T announcement tills process must thus produce totally new situation in the taken that step. The British foreign office said it had formally advised commu- ciety will not permit these hideous debate crackied on Sen. foreign office announce- 4 ._ j J.iic ucuutt; uu me new weapons to be used on noor fQr more five hours ment said a note handed Chou by, mere whisper of jai dictators or-; One complairitthe British consul .general in der. Theirs will. Their Presldent ignored offered to exchange dip- will then be greater than ours bipartisan foreign'lomatic representatives With the ,-uir.r, -futiivo Peiping government. The foreign office said this was Mattress Company, it, too, was for the hospitals set up by the last legislature. An advisory commission! of Catholic, Protestant and Jewish churchmen is expected to be set up to pass on applicants for these posts. N. D. Group Asks Excise Tax Repeal Bismarck, N. D. The state hot ashes placed in a metal con- tainer against a wooden basement en j by Uurdcr. An other cases are hand- "J led by the Juvenile court. Ex-Johns Hopkins of President Dead chinery and supplies were damaged and estimated loss at "several thou- sand dollars." The rear section the one-story cement block struc-j ture was damaged. Baltimore Dr. Isaiah Bow- Temperature hovered just belowjman, president emeritus of Johns zero firemen battled the two at Johns Hopkins hospital thisi morning. He was 71 on December 26. Dr. Bowman retired as president blazes. Chiefs Re-elected _Thls kind of vision of within ncu.spaper compass -has support and denied the kota delegation in Washington. InigM for the 23rd consecutive lea some iu iti..uu iu uui ipoijcy was being Kicked led some ror from the hydrogen bomb ject. Obviously, however, if world armaments race is on in public service commission yesterday passed a resolution calling upon Congress to end the so-called war- time excise taxes on transportation Detroit Lakes Mmn. and communications. It was the year. Republican criticism was led by v the uie earnest, hind. If be built, we ought to be the to build them. ON THE OTHER HAND, considerations have helped to new look national control of atomic energy. An overture, indicating receptive- ness to suggestions, has been re- Senator Vandenberg of who has been defenders of the administration's foreign programs. Vandenberg is- sued a statement saying: Formosa question is pre- 0 sently clarified but it is not set-' ments." He expressed regret that the t had reached his decision consulting "the appropri- mittee Energy --0 nd mission. Their advice is not to be of Americans on lightly disregarded. Formosa which Is located about A great new effort to find a QC china coast _ basis for world peace ought estimated ftt between 100 and tainly to be made. And if this ef-, mdude government of- fort is now made and fails, it wiUiflclals misslonaries, and a few be time to stop deceiving our- d professlonai peOple selves. The President tells us erything is just Jim But, presumBbly would have nothine- is Jim Danpy, and m evacuating than ins will be. until the phost of m Ieaving ture war now hauntm? the world ,comniunist-besieged cities on the has somehow been laid. (Chinese since Formosa I has several ports within easy reach jof the U. S. Seventh task fleet in the Western Pacific. _. Bismarck Pioneer Succumbs at 89 Bismarck, x. w. Earnings Decline m 1 0 Ifcl Detroit Lakes, Minn. Mu- antnicipal liouor store .earnings of Johns Hopkins university Janu- ary 1, 1949. He died at a. m. at Johns Hopkins hospital of a heart at- tack. He was stricken at his home late yesterday afternoon and taken to the hospital about midnight. Head Commissioner Albert Bernard Johns- rud is the new chairman or the Freeborn board of county commis- sioners, succeeding James Taylor. j served signs saying, in effect, 'margarine is served here." With Senator Wiley Gillette is coauthor of an amend- ment which would wipe out feder- al taxes on oleo, but would ban the shipment of yellow-colored margarine in interstate commerce. Peanut Chokes Rochester Boy Rochester, Minn. (ff) A four-year-old Rochester boy choked to death last night on a peanut. He was Roy O. Perley, son of Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Prrley. When a peanut became lodged in his throat the boy lapsed into unconsciousness. The parents called police. En route to Colonial hospital in a police Squad car, an officer applied artificial respiration. The peanut was removed quick- ly but the boy already was dead. By The Worst ice storm to hit Memphis, Term, in 17 years is shown above, after more Richok retired year were against inj {reezms feU Power and telephone service has been knocked out to thousands and trans- is wMow survves. co, several years ago from the grocery j 1948, city officials were told last and confectionery business. night portation is, severely curtailed. iA-P. Wirephoto to The Kepublican-Herald.) Water Pipes Freeze In 'Sunny' California Los Angeles Southern California's skies are blacker than an umpire's heart today as citrus growers continue smudging in their battle against subfreezing tempera- tures. And the weatherman says the cold spell will continue. This morning, the thermom- eter dropped to 24 degrees in some inland regions, but for the most part it wasn't as chilly as it was early yester- day. So far, the damage to cifc- rus groves has been confined to frosting of new leaf growth already nipped during the De- cember freeze, says Don An- derson, the California fruit information growers exchange director. It takes at least ten days to get preliminary damage es- timates on the fruit itself. But Anderson doesn't expect any severe losses, even though about half of the citrus acres is unprotected. The average temperature in the fruit country was 26 to 27 degrees. address. The proposed tax increase will not be severe, he promised. But he kept his secret on the kind of tax changes wanted, using the same words as before: Changes which will "reduce present in- equities, stimulate business activi- ty, and yield a moderate amount of additional revenue." The budget will be balanced, be said, "at the earliest date consist- ent with the welfare of the coun- try." Progress will be helped by improved business conditions and the fact that "federal expenditures should decline somewhat over the next few years." 'In the long run, the govern- ment's fiscal position depends up- on the health of the national econ- omy. It wEl not be promoted by drastic slashes in expenditures which are essential to our econom- ic growth and to continued peace. "Neither will it be promoted by tax increases so drastic as to sti- fle business activity." Both the jew legislative re- quests are familiar administration proposals. Both are unpopular with bankers. In further detail, they are: 1. Permanent authority to con- trol consumer credit if 'need be, and permanent authority to regu- late the credit given by all banks covered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Also, strong- er controls over commodity specula- tion. This, and a repeated request for another year of rent ceilings, were Mr. Truman's only nods to the hazard of inflation. 2. A "substantially" longer pe- riod for the repayment of loans made to business by the Re- construction Finance Corporation. Ten years is now the limit; the administration thinks small busi- nesses especially, need more time. Again and again the President (Continued on Page 9, Column 4.) TRUMAN WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Saturday. Not ;grees. Iquite so cold tonight. Low tonight WaYtef in the coun- reported that 40 new water pipes were frozen in the San Fernando valley. Growers in the Imperial and Coachella valley vegetable areas said tomato crops were damaged. Most tender vegetables were spoiled in the December cold snap. try. Highest Saturday near 25. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 17; minimum, 4; noon, 10; precipitation, none; sun; sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on. Page 8. ;