Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 5, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Fair, Continued Cold Tonight; Snow Tuesday Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad VOLUME 52, NO. 271 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 5, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Danger of War Less, Churchill Maintains Winston Churchill received a welcoming handshake from his old friend Bernard Baruch, left, on deck of the liner Queen Mary upon his arrival in New York today. Churchill will be Barucb's bouse guest in New York before bis departure for Jamaica, B. W. I., after seeing President-elect Eisenhower and President Truman. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Congr ess Plans Rites Formalizing Election of Ike By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST WASHINGTON Members of the new Republican Congress con- cerned themselves principally today- with committee assignments while waiting for tomorrow's ceremony which will formally declare Dwight D. Eisenhower elected as president. A The Senate and the House, which convened and organized baturday, will meet jointly tomorrow to tabulate the electoral votes and offici- wiii meet juiu jr declare Eisenhower and Rich- ard M. Nixon the next president and vice president of the U, S. Resisting Reds In Korea Doing Most Good, Claim By GEORGE CORNELL NEW YORK Chur- chill arrived in the United States today with.this firm the British want no. extension of the war in Korea. Shortly thereafter, arrangements were announced for the British prime minister to meet with President-elect Dwight Eisenhower this afternoon. The announcement said Church- ill and Eisenhower will meet at the home of financier Bernard Baruch, where Churchill is staying on his visit here. The two will dine together tonight. Fight Helps As a prelude to the meeting, Churchill told a .shipboard press conference that resistance to ag- gression in Korea had helped lessen the danger of a third world war. But be spoke out against an ex- tension of the war because of the danger in Europe. He 'said the danger of a world war "has re- ceded during the last year." He told a news conference aboard the Queen Mary that the Korean War means "that Soviet aggression has been resolutely and fully con- fronted." "That has been the greatest event of the past five he said. The 78-year-old British leader said his country was against any "definite extension" of the Korean War. Trade Tariffs He expressed distress with Amer- ican trade tariffs, and said the U. S. had failed to fully share its atomic information Britain. Churchill declined TODAY ave The meeting will be held in the House chamber. Except for the" likelihood of a Senate rules fight, the outcome of which was pretty much a foregone conclusion, and the receipt of sev- eral messages from the expiring Truman administration, the new ment in the situation." Russ H Facts on H-Bomb By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON No American and the other outlining his views with Great to indicate what subjects his talks with Eisen- hower cover. The meeting has been labeled an "informal" one, but British government spokesmen have said it may touch on a wide range of international questions. Churchill said that prospects for peace this year "certainly are not less encouraging than they were in 1952." To a newsman who wanted to Dodge Given Free Financial Hand by Ike Warren Burger, St. Paul, Named, Aid to Brownell By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH NEW YORK LK An associate of President-elect Eisenhower sak today that Joseph M. Dodge federal budget director will have perhaps unprecedented authority in shaping fiscal policy. This associate, who asked no to be named, talked of Dodge's role as Eisenhower made read; to meet with four Republican sen ators William F. Knowland o California, new chairman of the Senate GOP Policy Committee Hugh Butler of Nebraska, GUI Cordon of Oregon and Arthur V Watkins of Utah. Eisenhower headquarters sail each of the senators had askec for an appointment and that ar rangements had been made for them to come in together. The headquarters' said it had no ad vanqe information on why the law makers wanted to see the gen eral. Afternon Free Eisenhower's afternoon schedule was free of visitors pending the arrival in New York this morning of Prime Minister Winston Church ill of Britain. The general and his old friend plan to confer informal ly, but no time had been set for the meeting. Eisenhower aides said the ses sion probably would be held to morrow, but they were not ruling out an earlier meeting. The President-elect announced the appointment of Dodge as di rector of 'the Budget Bureau over the weekend and asked him to sit in at Cabinet meetings. Dodge, 62-year-old Detroit banker with s long record of government serv- ice, has been serving since Nov as Eisenhower's fiscal liaison man with the outgoing Truman ad- ministration. Eisenhower also chose three men'to serve in key jobs in the Justice Department under Herbert Brownell general-des- ignate.The; three, Earned as assist- ant attorneys general, are: Warren OIney III of Berkeley Calif., ti be chief of one of the department's most important units ie Criminal Division. Olney, 48 formerly was head counsel of Cal- know whether the danger of world i jfornia's Special Study Commission war had subsided, the prime minis-'-- ter replied _________t "Leave out the word subsided I Claims Divi- for the word receded." ChurchiU, making his 12th visit to the U. S., looked jaunty in a black outfit and yachting cap. Concerning the Korean War, the prime minister said, "We must go on and hold our does- n't mean there will be no improve- Congress will then mostly I mark time until Eisenhower is in- augurated two weeks from to- i morrow. i Two presidential messages are j due later in the week, one trans- I milling President Truman's budget I for the fiscal year starting July 1 high official has the faintest doubt that the Kremlin now knows the salient facts about the American hydrogen bomb. At this very mo- ment, beyond question, the Soviet strategists are recasting their war plans in the light of the existence of this weapon which blotted out an atoll. Equally certainly, they are also '-thinking of the next phase, which we should be thinking about too, when the Kremlin will have an'H-bomb of its own. In these circumstances it is ludi- is downright that the facts about the H-bomb are being concealed from the Am- erican people. They can be, and have been, ascertained by ths same non-secret processes used by the Russian intelligence. And here they are. The first point to note is that all expectations, both official and un- official, were surpassed by the last explosion at Eniwetok. It. was fairly well-known that the original aim was to build a one megaton in other words, a bomb 50 times more powerful than the Hiroshima bomb, with an explo- sive power of one million tons of TNT. Doubts Expressed There were widespread doubts that even this aim could be attain- ed, because of the undreamed of complexity of the technical pro- blems, involved. Prior to the Eni- wetok test, the- official word was passed that the object to be ex- ploded was not going to be a'bomb at all. It was going to be a mere "ex- perimental mechanism" deriving most of its power from plutonium fusion, which is the power source of conventional atomic bombs. At best, it was only going to demon- strate the capabilities of hydrogen fusion, which is the quite different and infinitely more terrible pow- er source of hydrogen bombs, as well as the source of the sun's heat that maintains life on earth. All this cautious preliminary damping-down has now turned out to be utterly misleading. As things (Continued on 2, Column 5.) ALSO PS on the state of the union. The State of the Union' message is expected Wednesday. The budget message is due Friday. Neither will be delivered personally by the President. A third message, an economic report, may reach Con- gress early next week. probably won't pay (Continued on Page 16, Column 3.) CONGRESS Asked whether Britain opposed any moves to extend the conflict, Churchill said: Great Pity "I think it would be a great pity for the United Nations the United States go wandering about all over this vast to make any definite extension of the war." He said there are "worse things than a such as that which prevails in Korea. "There's a he said.. Churchill said Korea has brought "consolidation of the chances for world by uniting the free, nations against aggression and by sparking a Western military build- up.. sion, which handles all civil suits filed by and against the govern ment. Burger, 45, has been a prac- ticing attorney in St. Paul since 1931. J. Lee R'ankin of Lincoln, Neb., to be in charge of the Executive Adjudications Division. That unit prepares presidential proclama- tions and executive orders which require legal advice. Rankin, 45, has been practicing law since 1930. The 3 Jobs three Justice" Department appointees each will receive a salary of a year. Dodge as budget director will be paid All four are Republicans. Eisenhower's press secretary, James C. Hagerty, said all four appointments had been cleared with Republican senators from the home states of the men named. Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, the (Continued on Page 16, Column 2.) !KE Firemen Fought A in Kansas City, Mo., today caused by an explosion in a restaurant which was located at the left out of the picture. The blast destroyed the eating place and the fire gutted the block of buildings next to it. Besides the safe company and the insurance firm also was demolished. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Cleared; To Retire July I Vice President-Elect Richard Nixon and Vice President Alben Barkley, talk things over following the opening of the 83rd United States Congress Saturday. The official, business took only 69 minutes with the big issue, being a proposal that the individual income tax for 1953 be cut 5 and one-half per cent. The existing rule states that an 11 per cent reduction starts the first of next year. Preceding his talk with Nixon, Mr. Barkley administered the oaths to 97 new and re-elected senators. Ferguson to Hunt Reds in U. S. Jobs By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON sources, said today Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich) will command a Senate investigations subcommittee task force." hunting for Communists in the government and toe United NatiThe sources, declining to be named, said Sen. WilliamsJR-De'l.) may abandon his 'lone-wolf-role as a sleuth for scandals-in the inter- nal Revenue Bureau to head an- other of the gjoup's task forces which will investigate that agency. There was no immediate com- ment from Williams. The informants said announce- ment that Ferguson will take the post "will signal the official de- cision to shift the Senate's Com- munist investigation out of the hands of the internal security sub- committee" on which the Michigan senator was the senior Republican member. The investigations and internal security subcommittees have been vying for assignment as the Sen- ate's official Red-hunters. Sen. McCarthy who will head the investigations subcommit- tee, and Ferguson told a reporter it was too soon to make any an- nouncements. But it was learned that Ferguson has decided to quit the judiciary committee, parent of the internal security group, and join both the Senate Foreign Relations and Gov- ernment Operations Committees. The investigations subcommittee is a branch of the latter. Under McCarthy, the subcom- mittee's task force method would assign various members to specific investigations. However, Sen. McGarran (D- Nev) predicted last night that the internal security subcommittee, which he headed in the last Con- gress, .will have more questions to ask the' State Department about its loyalty check of Americans em- ployed by the United Nations. McCarran contended in a state- ment that information from the de- partment itself shows that loyalty :o the United States was a secon- dary considered at n such checks. McCarran's statement was based on a State Department memoran- dum dealing with secret arrange- ments made in 1949. The arrange- ments governed how the depart- ment would fill U.N. requests for data on U. S. citizens employed by or applying for jobs with the U.N. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and continued cold tonight. Tuesday be- coming cloudy with occasional light snow, continued cold. Low tonight in city and in country. High Puesday 15. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 29; minimum, 20; noon, 25; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 28; minimum, 3; noon, 4; precipitation, Vt inch snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Observations) Max. temp.-25 at p.m. Sun- day, min. 0 at a.m. .today. 'Joon readings Temperature 4, skies clear, visibility 15 miles, wind 8 jniles per hour from west north- west, barometer 29.99 steady, hu- midity 63 per cent. Electric Chair Date of Jan. 14 Awaits 2 Spies NEW YORK Julius and Eth- el Rosenberg, the convicted hus- band and wife atom spy team, are scheduled to go to the electric chair in Sing Sing Prison on Jan. 14 at 10 p.m. their attorney says. However, their execution may be delayed by further appeals. Their attorney, Emanuel H. Bloch, said Sunday that U. S. Mar- shal William A. Carroll fixed the precise day and hour of the sched- uled execution. Previously their trip to tbe death chair had been set for the week of Jan, 11 by Fed- eral Judge Irving R. Kaufmaa, who presided at the trial. Bloch said he .was given the in- formation Saturday when he took the Rosenbergs' sons, Michael, 9, and Robert, 5, to the prison for a visit with their parents. Kaufman on Friday denied the latest plea for clemency by the pair, who were convicted of con- s p i ria c y to transmit American atomic bomb secrets to Russia. The jurist said he still considered their crime "worse than murder." The Rosenbergs have now ap- pealed- their convictions through every available court including tbe U. S. Supreme Court and their last recourse now appears to be a plea for clemency from the White House. Will Help Install Proposed Charges By JACK B. MACKAY STILLWATER Leo Utecht resumed his duties at the StiUwater prison this morning after a full scale investigation of prison conditions, then called his deputies together and announced he will re- tire July i, 1953. ,e It was the first time he had entered the prison since Dec. 16, when be absented himself at the request of Jarle Leirfallom, state director of public institutions, to conduct a probe of alleged irregu- larities. Summoning his deputies to his office a few minutes after he entered, Utecht read a long letter that he had given Leirfallom Sun- day revealing his plans. Utecht said "the most important thing" in Leirfallom's report, of which he had been apprised, was the fact that "it showed that my personal integrity and honor has been maintained and vindicated." He disclosed he originally had planned to quit next Feb. 12, when he reaches his 65th birthday, and that three years ago he purchased a home in Stillwater in anticipation of ratiring. But, he added, he wants to wind up his prison career by working to help "put over" a progressive pro- gram for the prison. He said he will support wholeheartedly the "for- ward-looking changes" now recom- mended by Leirfallom. In his letter to Leirfallom, read to the deputies, Utech't said: "I am very interested in the proposed rehabilitation program, and feel that as my last major project at the prison, I would want to devote my energy to seeking sup. port for that program and also developing some immediate ad- ministrative changes. "I have been criticized for saying too little while the investigation was going on, but I felt it was all right to remain silent because I knew my personal record was clean and free from any improper deals with inmates or anyone connected with inmates. I also wanted to give you and your investigators full oppor- tunity to conduct a complete inves- tigation, and now that that has been done, no one can cry there has been a whitewash. "I certainly want it definitely understood that when I kept my silence during this investigation it did not mean that I accepted the misleading statements and innuen- does that were made by some per- sons, not officially a part of the in- vestigation. "As you know, I have been in the employ of the state continuous- ly for the last 38 years. During this time I; have been a guard, foreman, assistant deputy warden, and since Dec. 24, 1937, warden. I am proud of my record. I don't mind saying that one of the things about your investigation report which pleased me the most was your statement complimenting me on unusual diligence and devotion to duty." Utecht 'Jien related how he had made "a -good many adding that "the prison has come a long way since the day I took over" and mentioned the eight major'changes as follows: Installation of radio reception for each inmate; improvement of prison food utilizing a modern can- nery and frozen food locker sys- tem; creation of a farm colony for rehabilitation of inmates and doubling the farm production of good food; permitting men to have uncensored daily newspapers; abol- ishing the silent system- and removal of canes from the institu- tion; increased recreation periods and entertainment; creation of an Alcoholics Anonymous Chapter, and addition of civilian school teachers and craft classes. Wtrden Utecht Dope Traffic Charges Hoax, ST. PAUL Jarle Leirfallom, state director of public institutions, announced at a press conference today that "nothing was uncovered in our investigation of the Still- water prison which detracts from the personal character and integrity of Warden Leo Utecht." Leirfallom said Warden Utecht returned to the prison today to take over his usual duties and revealed; a letter from Utecht requesting re-, tirement July 1, 1953. He was reporting on an investiga- tion that started Dec. 17 on alleged irregularities.. His investigation re- vealed that charges of dope traffic at the' prison "turned out to be a hoax." About 20 interviewers, un- der Leirfallom's direction, conduct- ed the investigation. 'Specific Incidents' He said the state crime burean is continuing its probe on "specific incidents and charges of a serious or criminal nature" adding that the final report on this phase has State Legislators Caucus for Opening ST. PAUL Ufl Members of. Minnesota's 1953 Legislature cau- cused "today to organize for the 58th session which starts Tuesday. First to meet was the majority group, slated to hold a closed meet- ing at 2 p. m., to choose a presi- dent pro tempers- to succeed Sen. A. 0. Sletyold, Detroit Lakes', who lield the, job in the 1951 session. The one new senator in the group, Robert Dunlap, Plainview, will meet with 50 other senators. Dunlap succeeds the late Sen. James A. Carley, Plainview. Meeting two hours later.will be the minority group, including lib- erals and independents. This .16- man group is currently headed by Sen. B. G. Novaek, St. Paul. First session of the Legislature will open at noon with (wearing in ceremonies slated to take up the first session. John HarUe, Owatonna, seemed certain to win re-election as speak- er of the House. Gov. Anderson will be inaugurat- ed Wednesday for a two-year term, and will present his program to a-joint'session. The Senate is expected to be ready for a'ction by then, with the House committee assignments expected to take sever- al more days.- Chief problems facing the Legis- lature, include raising money for. state operations, demands for more school aid, fair .employment prac- tices legislation, efforts to get more state" aid for farm-to-market. roads and constitutional revision.: Gov. Anderson will, present his budget message the second week of the session. not bee-t made. The state public examiner also is (fonducting a study of inmate accounts, pur- chases and state-owned supplies. The director's announcement was made after he returned from the prison where he talked to inmates immediately after breakfast. In a general statement, Leirfal- lom said: "During the next six months per- iod, Warden Utecht will devote bis energies to installing a number of administrative changes and im- provements which we have dis- cussed. Furthermore, he will be using his knowledge and experience of prison matters to support1 Gov. Anderson's penal reform program. "The investigation showed sev- eral serious administrative defi- ciencies at the state prison which are not being minimized but which will be corrected as rapidly as possible. Two specific improve- ments have been singled out for immediate action. "The investigation also showed a prison philosophy which does not jibe with my own ideas of prison administration, some of which were acquired by me in graduate- courses in criminology and crime prevention. Thoroughly Discussed Both the administrative defi- ciencies and the differences in pris- on philosophy have been thorough- ly discussed with the warden dur- ing recent days for the purpose of assuring that administrative' changes and improvements will be made as rapidly as possible and the philosophy of 'the- prison will be changed to emphasize the re- habilitation of inmates. "However, I. fully recognize the importance of security and safe custody of prisoners at Stillwater and I recognize that Warden Utecht has a vast store of experience and knowledge which we hope to uti- lize to the fullest possible extent1 during his remaining, six months. "At the .present I have no person in mind a successor to Warden Utecht."