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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, January 04, 1952

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 4, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Snow, Freezing Rain Tonight; Fair Saturday WearYour Winter Carnival Emblem 51, NO. 270 "FIVE CENTS PER COPY WiNONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 4, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Tug's Mate Boards Crippled Ship ____ TODAY Cut-Rate Security Worthless By Joseph and Stewart Alsop ghost of Louis Johnson is rather dimly ..stalking the corridors of the Pen- tagon and the White House. This ".is the raal meaning of the crucial- ly important tug of war which is now going on between the Whit House, the Budget Bureau, an the armed services over the siz of the 1952 military budget. is important to understand whs this concealed struggle is a! about. The essential facts are sim pie enough. By agreement between the De- fense Department and the Budj et Bureau, a planning figure of billion was originally fixed for th armed services. Around the Pen tagon, this figure is described a a "bench mark" rather than a to suggest the fact tha it was never intended to be a pre cise measure of defense needs. 3 was, rather, a figure drawn more or less out of thin air, in order to give Charles Wilson and thi other experts on the domestii economy some sort of basis foi planning raw material allocation: and inflation controls. Risks Taken By dint of the most merciless squeezing of the excess water ou of the proposed budgets of all three services, Secretary of De fense Robert A. Lovett has now come up with an overall Defense Department budget of about billion. To arrive at this figure which represented a sharp cut in current defense spending, certain calculated risks had to be taken These calculated risks included the assumption that large-scale fighting would not again break out in Korea; that there would be no new Koreas; and that genera war was most unlikely at least within the next two years. On this basis, a great deal of fat was cut off the three services. Indeed, the knife came perilously close to the muscle. The Army, for example, was cut way back from a request- ed billion to a billion, The Air Force was cut back to about billion, and the Navy to something over billion. This required real sacrifices Air Force supporting projects were reduced or eliminated, in- cluding proposed developments in the vital electronics field and the program for modernization of air 1 transport The Army was particu- larly hard hit An effort was made to confine Army cutbacks to "soft" goods things like blank- ets and gas masks, which could be made up rapidly in time of dan- ger. But there were also mosl -serious reductions in such "hard" items as artillery, which has been expended in Korea at a rate of six times over the comparable rate for the last war, on a gun-for-gun ba- sis. Cots Mostly in Yet on balance, the risks taken were no doubt reasonable risks, and the great bulk of the cuts were certainly in fat rather than muscle. For example, the actual combat units of the Air Force, in the Strategic and Tactical Air Commands and Air Defense, were left intact The 143-group program was approved, and there were only minor cuts, in combat units in the other services. Yet now something has begun to happen which is strikingly remin- iscent of certain tragic episodes in the past" For the evidence sug- gests that President Truman and the' Budget Bureau have seized on the arbitrary billion figure, which was never intended as an accurate indication of defense re- quirements, and declared this fig- ure sacrosanct. The meaning of this is simple. There can be no further pruning onr a major scale without cutting deeply into combat muscle. Air Force appropriations, for exam- plej can only be cut at the cost of reducing the combat group pro- gram. Further Army cuts can only be''at the expense of the already very dangerously low reserves of "hard" equipment like artillery. fir other words, a reduction to biffion or thereabouts will amount to'a reduction well below the ab- solute minimum required if some real balance between East and West is to be achieved by 1954, ev- en assuming that there has been no general war and no new Ko- rea in the meantime. Building Up Jt is true that the armed serv- ices have 'in the past failed to" liver a dollar's worth of combat strength per dollar spent But this failure is being gradually over- come. The process can only be attempt to deal with the failure by hacking away arbi- trarily, in the Johnson manner, is {Continued on Page 11, Column 5.) ALSOPS FiveAfiempfs international Falls Loses 17 LicensesTO secure TOW Cable Fails Reds Cite Objections To Allied Prisoner Exchange Proposal MUNSAN, Korea Communists made seven objections today to the six-point Allied plan for exchanging prisoners of war and rejected a new U.N. appeal for an. immediate trade of sick and wounded prisoners. In a nearby tent at Panmunjom Allied truce negotiators asked for an explanation of reports that the Communists are shipping crated warplanes into North Korea. They also accused Red China of releas- ing soldiers of Korean origin from its armies in 1949 and 1950 to form the cadre of the North Korean Red'army. U.S. Concerned Over Russ Blow At Peace Talks PARIS United States ex pressed grave concern today thai a new Russian move to bring up Korean armistice negotiations ii the United Nations security council might break up the talks now go- ing on at the front U. S. Delegate Benjamin Cohen told a news conference that the U. S. could not understand why the Soviet Union had made such a proposal at a time when truce talks in Korea appeared to be making slow but sure progress. Cohen said the U. S. was decid- edly and unqualifiedly opposed to a Russian resolution calling for a special high-level Security Coun- cil meeting to discuss how to aid the armistice talks. The proposal, he declared, could not fail to have a bad effect on the talks at Panmunjom. He said he wondered whether the Russians wanted to settle the Korean war or reopen it May Delay Talks The effect of the resolution in- troduced by Soviet Foreign Minis- ter Andrei Y. Vishinsky, he delar- ed, might well be to delay or dis- rupt the talks now going on. If the Soviet Union thinks it can help push them to a successful con- clusion, he declared, they are no doubt in touch with the Chinese Communists and North, Koreans and can work through them. Cohen charged that the Soviet proposals, which also included a section calling for the council meeting to range over all subjects of international tension, were a diversionary operation neatly de- signed to appeal to man's hope for peace. Such a meeting, he said, might well have the reverse effect of in- creasing tensions, especially if Vi- shinsky were to use it as a prop- aganda forum for more- vitriolic speeches against the west Proposals Submitted The Soviet proposals were sub- mitted yesterday to the 60-nation political committee, which is dis- cussing action the U.N. veto-free assembly might take to combat ag- gression whenever it appears. The assembly -last year created 14-nation collective measures committee 'to recommend such steps. They have submitted a re- port which is endorsed in a reso- ution presented by 11 members of the committee including the U. S., Britain and France. The first point -of the rival Soviet plan would abolish this committee and hand U.N. anti-ag- gression action back to the council, where Russia has the veto. it appeared that the Russian plan 'or a top-level Security Council meeting on world tensions was gaining strong support among small powers. Wisconsin Criminal Code Being Changed MILWAUKEE briefing on proposed alterations in Wisconsin's criminal code was given Thursday to the Wisconsin board of circuit lourt judges; The report from Earl Sachse of ladison, executive secretary of lie state legislative council, was he feature of the board's meet- ing here. Sachse said the changes in the -ode are past due because much of the language in the original code las become obsolete. Requests for changes were made as far back as 910, he said. The new code's main ,features, e said, wiH be clarification of the arions degrees of homicide, learer Instructions OB minimum entences and a more functional edification of the laws. The new ode will be submitted to the 1953 egislatare. Chinese Maj. Gen. Hsien Fang said there was nothing wrong in this. He labeled the crated plane report a "ridiculous rumor." Hsieh, in turn, accused tie Allies of holding behind their lines through intimidation with the atom bomb some North Koreans, Four-Hour Session Both subcommittees reported no progress toward an armistice. Both agreed to try again Saturday at 11 a. m. in Panmunjom. The prisoner exchange subcom- mittee held a marathon session (Continued on Page 9, Column 6} KOREA N.Y. Educator Named St. Cloud T.C. President ST. PAUL 37-year-old New York educator will take over Feb. 1. as the new president of St. Cloud Teachers College. He is Dr. George F. Budd, pres- ent co-ordinator of field services at the Oneonta, N. Y., State Teach- ers College. He formerly was su- perintendent of public instruction for the state of Washington. He will succeed Dr. John Head- ley, who resigned recently to be- come president of South Dakota State College at Brookings. Dr. Budd was one of six candi- dates considered by the State Teachers' College Board before the appointment was announced late yesterday. His salary will be WO annually. Steel Strike Delayed 45 Days ATLANTIC CITY, N. J. The CIO United Steelworkers today postponed their threatened nation- wide strike for 45 days but warned they will walk out in late February if the government can't settle the steel contract dispute.- Supreme Court Upholds Limit Of Five Places 4 Club Licenses Not Affected in Court's Decision ST. PAUL a 1937 law as "special the Minnesota Supreme Court today ordered the city of International Falls to revoke 17 "on-sale" liq- uor licenses and to refrain from issuing more than the legal limit of five licenses. Four so-called "club" licenses to sell intoxicating liquor and the 'off-sale" license of the Interna- tional Falls municipal liquor store are not affected by today's deci- sion. Directed to surrender their liq- uor licenses are 17 interveners in the of hotels, res- taurants, and liquor stores. At an election Sept. 12, 1933, a majority of voters in Koochichjng county favored "repeal" and the county thus became "wet." Upon repeal of national prohibition, the legislature passed a general act to regulate the manufacture, sale and distribution of intoxicating liq- uor and provided for licenses. Recall 1937 Act But in 1937 the legislature pass- ed a special act pertaining to Koochiching- county. It provided that in cities of the fourth class situated in any county having "not less 'tban ibo nor more than 110 full and fractional congressional townships" and having a popula- tion of "not less than nor more than inhabitants according to the last federal cen- sus, the number of licenses shall be determined by the governing body. By the 1930 federal census, Koo- chiching county had a population of By the census of 1940, it had a population of Three residents and taxpayers of International Falls Elmo Faff, E. G. Strong and Nettie Strong- challenged the constitutionality of ie act and instituted suit. Dis- trict Judge Arnold C. Forbes at Bemidji, Jan. 27, 1951, directed the city officials to revoke the icenses and held the special act nvalid. Today the supreme court upheld Judge Forbes. Often Discussed "As long ago as Associ- ate Justice C. R. Magney said in the unanimous decision, "this court observed that the subject of classification had been discussed so often that it was unnecessary to state more than a couple of funda- mental principles. 'We see no conceivable connec- tion between the number of town- ships in a county (in this case not .ess than 100 nor more than 110 full and fractional townships) and any legitimate purpose of liquor regu- 'Continued on Page 9, Column 7) LICENSES Her Number 3 hatch-cover stove in by moun- tainous seas five days ago, and abandoned by all except her heroic captain, the steamer Flying Enterprise wallows 300 miles off the Irish coast. Capt. Kurt Carlsen of Woodbridge, N.J., remained aboard protecting his company's interests. 80-Foot Snowdrifts Reported in Colorado By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Rocky mountain area began shaking off the effects of a five- day seige of snow and sub-zero temperatures but icy weather still gripped some sections of the nation. In Southwestern Colorado snow drifts were 80 feet high in spots. Highway crews fought their way through the drifts to rescue 14 persons from shelter houses on snowbound Wolf Creek Pass Ice-glazed roads slowed travel and disrupted communications in parts of Texas, Missouri, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma and New Mexico. Six persons were killed on North Texas-roads and 250 long distance telephone circuits were reported out of commission. In Southeast Missouri, ice prac- tically paralyzed some counties. The ice storm knocked out long dis- tance telephone service in approxi- mately 20 towns. Some electric power lines also were down. Several Southern Illinois towns, across the Mississippi River from Storm Forces Conrad Back On Miami Hop MINNEAPOLIS Iff) Max Coil rad, song writing pilot, started out early today on a non-stop flight to Miami with a cargo of snowballs but bad weather over Indiana fore ed him to turn back. Conrad took off from Wold- Chamberlain airport at a. m Over Fort Wayne, Ind., he en- countered bad weather and flew back to Minneapolis. He landed here about 9 a. m. Conrad said he would take off again about midnight tonight weather permitting. He hopes to be on hand for Sunday events of the Miami air races. The flight is expected to take between 12 and 13 hours. Conrad was carrying the snow- balls one 12-inch one and 1C smaller Miami with com- pliments of the Minneapolis Cham- ber-of Commerce. All were packed in dry ice. Max Conrad, Winona and Minneapolis flier, who holds several records for small -.plane flights, packs a snowball in a box-of. dry'ice as -he pre- pares to take off from Minneapolis for Miami, Fla., and-the air races Saturday and Sunday. A storm over Indiana forced him to return to the Wold-Chamberlain Field at Minneapolis from where he will attempt a flight again tonight. (AJP. Wirephoto to The Bepublican-Eerald.) Missouri, also were hit Freezing Pain A freezing rain last night also glazed roads in Oklahoma and Southeastern Kansas. Parts of Kan- sas and Missouri got more snow. The freezing rain extended into Southern Illinois and Indiana while rain fell from Arkansas southward into Louisiana and Eastern Texas. Snow mixed with rain hit the north- west Pacific coast states but else- where skies were fair. Mild weather continued in Flor- ida and along the eastern coast. Loss In S.D. Fire PIERRE, S.D. fire In downtown Pierre late Thursday de stroyed a theater and sent occu- pants of three apartments in the same building fleeing in sub-freez ing weather. Damage was estimated by fire- men at The entire seating space of the State Theater was burned; but fire- by a fire the flames from spreading into the apartments.- For a time flames threatenec to spread to the Hippie Printing Company building which houses the Daily Capital-Journal and The Associated Press bureau. No one was hurt in the blaze but firemen had to lead an 84- year-old man to safety. Ed Curry was taking a bath when the fire broke out. Blinded by smoke, he was taken down a flight of steps which was the only entrance to the apartments. Fire Chief Thomas H. Brady estimated damage to the theater at at least Damage to the electric shop was figured at about R. B. Hippie, editor and pub- lisher of the Capital-Journal, said his damage would have to be ap- praised but figured it at about Smoke and water poured into the press room and bindery from the burning theater. The paper expected to publish today. The theater roof burned through There was a warming trend in the j couapsed 35 fire-fighters fought central part of the country, but it....... was still subzero in parts of the Dakotas early today. A new storm of heavy snow and in control the blaze. Brady said the fire started the ventilator room of the theater. A pile of kerosene-soaked rags be- sub-zero cold struck Southwestern! gan burning and the fire depart. ment was called about p.m. The building was constructed about 55 years ago and remodeled about 1940. It seated nearly 700 persons. Government Higher Ford Prices WASHINGTON govern- ment today approved higher'ceiling prices for Ford Motor Company passenger cars. It refused, however, to grant the full rise asked by the company under the Capehart amendment to the economic controls law. The higher ceilings apply to Ford, Mercury and Lincoln auto- mobiles. The Office of Price Stab- ilization said the company has not indicated whether it will put the increases into effect OPS approved a 4.97 per cent hike in prices of Ford cars, com- pared with 5.39 asked by the com- pany. For Mercury cars, a 3.45 per cent hike was approved, compared with 4.37 per cent asked. For Lin- coins, 5.19 per cent boost was okayed, compared -with 8.13 per cent requested. The Capehart amendment re- quires the government to allow higher ceiling increases to compen- sate for rises in costs of labor, material and overhead through last July 26. These higher costs are added to pre-Korean prices. The increases approved are the wholesale level, F.O.B. factory. Augusta Man Killed When Car Overturns AUGUSTA, Wis. W-Herman T. Gehrke, S3, was kffled early today when bis car .left the road, near iere and "overturned, pinning, him in a snowdrift where he apparently smothered. Three passengers es- caped unhurt Colorado yesterday but it was ex- pected to drop off today. Among those rescued from east and west shelter houses on Col- orado's snow-locked Wolf Creek pass were three children. The persons had been marooned since Sunday when the storm struck, bringing five days of bliz- zard, avalanche and death, taking six lives. Two Freeie to Death Two persons froze to death, one man died of a heart attack at- tempting to free his car from a snow bank, a four-month-old Dum- as, Texas girl was killed in the crash of a small plane on Monarch pass and two truck drivers are still missing. The search for stranded motor- ists, farmers, ranchers, and skiers still goes on. Tiny Silverton, Colo., once a rau- cous mining community, was link- ed with civilization Thursday when snowplows bit through blocked lighway 550 north of Durango. Res- dents bad been isolated since Sun- day. Attempts to clear Cumbres pass on the Colorado-New Mexico line and a narrow gauge line of the )enver, and Rio Grande railroad, continued today. Food and provisions were drop- led along the line earlier to im- irisoned trainmen and rescuers. Roads Dangerous Travel on all, Colorado mountain roads was described as dangerous and one-way traffic was necessary an Loveland pass, above timberline. Major Utah highways were open- ed Thursday, but secondary roads were jammed with snow. Crews reached the central Utah town of ndianola, population 100, Thurs- lay. The town had been shut in or three days with phone and pow- er lines down. Mounting Storm Prevents New Salvage Tries LONDON first mate of the British rescue tug Turmoil to-, day, succeeded -in boarding the Fly- ing Enterprise to join Capt.. Kurt Carlsen on the crippled American freighter. The U.S. Destroyer John W. Weeks radioed that the tugboat man "managed to get aboard over the taffrail of the Enterprise and is now standing by with Capt. Carlsen." Tugboat Capt. .Dan Parker was quoted as saying he is "confident I can get tow rigged if we get m break in the weather." The message from the Weeks- timed at fog was closing in and the wind had in- creased to 28-32 knots at times. Increases Meanwhile the British govern- ment weather forecasting service had issued warnings of gales winds of 50 miles an the vicinity of the Enterprise. Carlsen has been alone on Flying Enterprise since last Sat- urday, after a wild At- lantic storm broke his ship and knocked her over on her side. The freighter has been listing at 60 to 80 degrees. Meanwhile the British govern- ment weather forecasting service, reported at 3 p.m. that it had is- sued gale warnings for the vicinity of the Flying Enterprise. Gale have velocity of around 50 miles an viously would seriously imperil both the rescue opera- tion ana -the crippled freighter it- self.- 'The cryptic messtge from the Weeks which raised the possibility that Carlsen might leave his ship Carlsen 7-2 Favorite LONDON of Lon. don Cipt. Kurt risen a 7 to 2 choice today to reich harbor with his broken freighter Flying Enterprise. The fimtd insurance quoted a premium of 30 for each 100 pounds of coverage to reinsure the freighter against total loss. That mains Cerlsen about 70 to make it (gainst 22 to lose his in horse-player odds, something like 7 to 2. after his gruelling one-man stand was timed off at a.m. ship- board time. It was marked "top priority." Receives Reeding Material Until the Weeks sent Carlsen some magazines last night his only reading matter was a book titled "The Law of the which he must now know by heart. Cmdr. W. L. Thompson, captain of the destroyer, did not explain further his message about taking Carlsen "off. Earlier the Weeks had been silent for several hours, lead- ing to a belief it probably was helping in the salvage and rescue efforts. Brawny crewmen aboard the 000-horsepower tug Turmoil ma- neuvered to put a messenger line across the waves to Carlsen, who could make it fast and start the risky effort for a dozen boatmen to scramble onto his tilted freight- er. Then the Herculean job of hauling huge 20-inch towing haw- swers aboard could begin. Fresh Storms Near But fresh storm perils were brewing. Britain's official weath- er forecasters posted gale warn- ings for shipping just north of the area where the Flying Enterprise wallowed almost on her side, 300 miles west of England's southern tip. They predicted gale winds up to 50 miles an hour, after Atlantic storms abated to 25-mile-an-hour [Continued en 9, Column 2) CAPTAIN WEATHER FEDERAL .FORECAST Winona and Snow this afternoon, ending late tonight with possibility of freezing rain late this afternoon or evening. Saturday jenerally fair with moderate tern- >erature. Low tonight 18, high >aturday 25. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for- the 24 hours ending 12 m. today: Maximum, 36; 22; precipitation, inch of mow; aun-cets .tonight -at mm rises tomorrow weather oa Page IS ;