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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 3, 1950, Winona, Minnesota SNOW, COLDER TONIGHT READ FAN FARE ON SPORTS PAGE VOLUME 49, NO. 269 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 3, 1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES TODAY- Hydrogen Bomb Debated By Joseph ana Stewart Alsop Washington If you want to know where we stand at this macabre half century mark, you will be interested in a. debate that is now troubling the highest level of the government. The issue is, I very simply, whether to launch' an effort comparable to the war-1 time Manhattan district in order to produce what Is refer- red to as the "super-bomb." This Is the weapon, with ap- proximately times the de- structive force of the bomb that fell on Hiroshima, that Senator Ed Johnson of Colorado recently described to his television audi- ence. Its power will derive from the nuclear explosion of hydrogen. It will have the estimated capab- ility of devastating, in one detona- tion, an area of 60 to 100 square miles. Its theoretical feasibility is well-established. INDEED, NONE OF THOSE now arguing the problem doubts for a moment that this hideous weapon will be built eventually. That will be taken care of by the ordinary work of the Atomic En- ergy it is the peculiar triumph of our time that we are already very close to achieving the weapons of ultim- ate destruction. The question Is, rather, whether to appropriate the money and mobilize the manpow- er to build such a bomb in per- haps two, or three, or four years. Interestingly enough, the same ras Kills La Crosse Man Congress Convenes, Bill Firsti 2 Masked Bandits Stick Up Tavern New Year's eve celebrating at the Wagon Wheel tavern, 1000 West Fifth street was halted abruptly early Sunday morning when two masked men entered the tavern, held 25 patrons at bay at gun-point and issue ately was first debated Immedl- after the war, before the Atomic Energy commission was set up. The theoretical possibility of a hydrogen bomb was as well then as now. A great effort to produce one was urged in certain quarters. President Truman then referred the prob- lem, for study and recommenda- tion, to Dr. Vannevar Bush and President Conant of Harvard. A3 REPORTED by competent authority, Bush and Conant found, first, that the problem of building a hydrogen bomb was quite as big, complex and difficult as the orig- inal problem of building the Hir- oshima bomb. By the same token, they also found that the project would demand the -sama over-rid- ing priorities, the same mobiliza- tion of resources and manpower, that made possible the success of the Manhattan district. At that time, there was no ques- tion about our monopoly of the uranium Plutonium bomb. The power for dollar return on the Goetzman New Chairman of County Board Carl J. Goetzman, second district escaped with loot estimated at It was the second armed hold-up staged at a'West End tavern in a 16-day period. In addition, at least three break-ins were reported else- where in the area over the weekend. On December 15 a hold-up man entered Neeck's tavern, 926 West Truman Address Comes at Noon On Wednesday President May Ask Cut in Excise Taxes By Marvin L. Arrowsmith Washington Tne 81st Con" came back to town today for time and forced the bartender to de- j its second session. There were liver in cash from the cash reg-1 political issues aplenty confronting ister. He then commandeered a lawmakers looking ahead to the station wagon owned by the only If all elections. patron in the tavern at the time of the hold-up and forced the bartend- er and the owner of the station j wagon to accompany him on a ridej Tnere commissioner, was elected new across Lalis Winona before he chairman of the Winona county board of commissioners at the an- nual election meeting at the court- house today. Walter H. Schubert, Utica, fourth district commissioner, was named place. vice-chairman. The board convened at p. m. today. Approval of the annual re- port was on the agenda. This evening the commissioners were to join more than 150 other county employes at a coon dinner at the L-Cove, Minnesota City. Maragon Faces Trial on Four Lying Charges Washington Mara- gon. former bootblack who later had a pass to the White place. forced them from the car. The holr.-up at the Wagon Wheel was made only a minute or so after 1 a. m. Sunday, immediately before the 25 patrons were to leave the The owner of the tavern, John Lauer, told police that two youths, believed to be between 19 and 21 years of age, entered the tavern at almost exactly 1 a. m. Soiled Handkerchiefs They were wearing soiled hand- kerchiefs across the lower portions of their faces, police were told, but everyone in the tavern thought the masks were worn as a New Year's eve prank. One of the youths had difficulty In keeping his mask across his face and finally aUowed the handkerchief to fall loosely around his neck. Both the House and Senate con- vened at 11 a.m. in newly decorat- ed and reroofed chambers. be no real business until after President transacted Truman goes to the Capitol tomor row at noon fC.S.T.) to unveil thej 1950 version'of his "Fair Deal" pro- gram. He will deliver his State of the Union message then at a joint session. In advance of today's formal opening of Congress, the Democra- tic leaders met at the White House for a preview of the message. Pre- OnKWNO President Tnunan'a State of the Union message will be car- ried locally by KWNO, begin- ning at noon Wednesday. caUed fop some to bar flnd demanded service. When Lauer informed him that it was after, closing time and no one could be served, the youth became abusive and argumentative and Lauer began to move around to the front of the bar to eject him from was indicted today on four Draw Their Guns Investment did not appear to charges of lying to Senate At this point, both of the new- tify a vast peacetime effort toi produce a hydrogen bomb. Conant and Bush returned an adverse re- port. When the Atomic Energy com- mission was organized, therefore, its primary task was to continue and expand the Manhattan dis- trict's work. As a matter of course, studies and experiments looking to the eventual construc- tion of a hydrogen bomb were al- so undertaken. Good progress has been made, by ordinary standards. Yet no rapid success can be achieved by the present sort of did comers drew revolvers from their jackets and demanded money from the cash register. A woman patron Is reported to have sought to restrain one of the hold-up men but was pushed aside. While one of the youths posted himself at the door of the tavern, the other walked behind the bar and pulled open the cash drawer. in" thl in wasningion. _.t_._. t t f h convicted by a jury on the charges, Maragon would be liable to possible penalties of 40 years imprisonment two to ten years on each count. The date for a trial will be set later. A federal grand jury accused Maragon of perjury in: 1. Saying his only bank account frornl945 un- Patrons to lnto the back room" til July, 1949, "he did not negoti-j? to a door at the rear of ate effort, if only because huge, high- ly experimental and immensely costly installations must probably be built for the later stages of the work. In this situation, the explosion of the Soviet atomic bomb last September inevitably led to the present debate among the policy- makers. As soon as Marshal Lav- rent! Beria "monopoly" broke the American of the urani government business and] not receive any money the tavern. There is no .back room.. and tne negotiating government business connection with the government." 3. Stating he was not employed by anyone else when he took a job with the State department on a mission to Greece. 4. Saying he borrowed from his mother-in-law in 1949. door to which the crowd was direct- ed leads into an alleyway at the rear of the building. Outside Door As the group moved outside, the gunman at the front door inquired where the rear door led to and whan he was informed that door message due next Monday. The State of the Union docu- ment is expected to call for vir- tually all of those sections of the Truman program which Congress shelved last year. Those include three which are expected to go no place this of the Taft Hartley law, the farm pro- gram of Secretary of Agriculture Brannan, and national health in- surance. May Ask Excise Tax Cut A White House official dis- cussing the forthcoming message isaid: "There isn't any change, but simply a strong determination to carry out the proposals the Presi- dent campaigned for when he was elected in November, 1948." There may be a hint of some- thing new in ihe message tomor- row administration blessing for an excise tax cut, provided certain other taxes are raised to help erase the federal deficit. Mr. Truman reportedly is ready to recommend such a program, but he is understood to be preparing a special tax message which will outline the details later. The idea of reducing excises is popular at the Capitol, but there opened outside, the two youths ap-jis no support in sight for any tax parently became alarmed and fled i increase. In fact, demands already The charges are all based on tnrough front doori ran nying agam'for a cut in gov- the nearby raUroad tracks and eminent spending instead. "'The committee was looking into uum Domo Qesirauuuy ui h ff d for great special effort to hasten ac" freouentlv was five per a fee that frequently was five per cent, to land government con- tracts for business men. Maragon denied under oath in secret testimony that he ever was too obvious to need setting down, j paid off for arranging business production of a hydrogen bomb began naturally to be urged. THE ARGUMENTS of the pro- ponents of this special effort are appeared. Republicans, as well as some Leaving .in haste, the masked j Democrats, are letting loose with youth the bar dropped drum-fire of criticism of the de- cash drawer on the floor and leftlficit expected to total at least part of the money in the tavern. Chief of Police A. J. Bingold or- dered an intensive investigation of for the fiscal year which ends June 30. Representative Reed of- the latest hold-up, and thus far, ten a G.O.P. spokesman on tax about 15 persons who witnessed called for new legislation The case of the opponents is with the government. Other hoWup have been questioned by de-jwmch would forbid the taking of complex, i witnesses said they Some, like David E. Lilienihaljpaid him money. 1 WlilUil VVUUAU. iui ULJC, personanyjtectives m an effort to more than 50 per cent of an in- 'dividual's income in taxes. The (Continued on Page 3, Column 7.) CONGRESS the identity of the pair. W.J.C Vi UiiC There was testimony also that Meanwhlle> sheriff Fort is press- Maragon at times represented investigation of break-ins who has no taste for being a mer- chant of death, have been visibly t. influrnced bv moral revulsion In'lumself as acting for Major Gen-( the main however, the oppositionleral Harry Vaughan, President; (Continued on Page 3, Colnmn 2.) has based its case on the argu- Truman's military aide. I bTICK-UF ments originally advanced by Con- ant and Bush. It is pointed out that a bomb 1.000 times more destructive than the Hiroshima model is far from being times more useful. And it is as- serted that the strength to be gain- ed from possessing a hydrogen bomb will not be proportional to the anticipated outlay to build it. In short, it is argued that there are more fruitful ways to Invest the same resources in the national defense. Policy planners, war plan- ners, and governmental scientific advisers are to be found on both sides of the argument, although] most soldiers are pros, and there; is a higher proportion of scientists' among the cons. Discussion and study of the problem have now reached the highest level, and a policy decision will presumably be! made before long. Thus dustily and obscurely, the Issues of life and death are set- tled nowadays dingy committee rooms are the scenes of the de- bate' harassed officials are the disputants: all the proceedings are highlj' classified; yet the whole future hangs, perhaps, up-, on the outcome. It will no doubt j cause irritation, it may probably K? dParrt j The Rev. James Montjomery, chaplain of the House of Representatives, delivers the prayer as the ness. Yet this must be done, since House convenes today at Washington for the second session of the 81st Congress. Standing behind deeper issues are Involved, which, Montgomery m Iront of flag House Speaker Sam Rayburn (AJ1. Wirephoto to The have been far too long concealed From the country. I Republican-Herald.) Republican-Herald photo A La Crosse Man Was Killed New Year's eve when his car. shown above, skidded off highway 61 near its junction with the Rollingstone.road and crashed into a telephone pole. Victim of the accident was Kermlt E. Olson, 47, who died in an ambulance en route to the Winona General hospital. Accidents Claim wo Other Lives In Winona Area 3 Mishaps Occur In Waning Hours Of Old Year By Gordon Holte Tragedy struck thrice in the Wi- nona area during the closing hours of 1949 as three men died of injuries suffered in accidents near here one by accidental shooting and the other two .raffic mishaps. Kermlt E. Olson, 47, of La- Crosse died after his car crashed into a telephone pole near the junction of highway 61 and the BolUngstone road shortly before midnight New Year's eve. Raymond Arnet, 27, a Pine Creek farmer was killed when his gun accidentally dis- charged while he was walking along a hill near his home eight miles west of La Cres- cent Saturday afternoon. Earl Howard a 29-year-old La Crosse man, was injured fatally Saturday night when his car skidded off highway 37, near Mondovl and over- turned. He died at a Mondovi, Wis., hospital several hours later of injuries suffered In the accident. Fog on Road The owner of La Crosse Army and Navy store, Olson was killed shortly before midnight Saturday while he was driving north along ;og shrouded highway' 61 at its junction with the Rollingstone road. Accroding to Sheriff Fort whfi was called to the scene of the accident, Olson apparently Photo by Harriet Kelley Three Winona Youths Narrowly Escaped Death when their automobile skidded out of control and rolled over several times on highway 35, near Bluff Siding, Wis., early Sunday. An eyewitness said the car was traveling 65 miles an hour moments before It spun around on the highway and rolled end over end. Snow, Zero Weather Swoop On Area After Mild Weekend After a weekend of amazing New Year's weather, Winona and area this morning were confronted -with honest to goodness whiter. By tonight the area was scheduled to be thoroughly surrounded by the customary ingredients of winter: Snow, cold end wind. But it won't be as bad as early morning forecasters predicted. The Weather bureau is forecast- ing about two inches of snow, fall- ing intermittently, which will make roads somewhat slippery; down to about zero in the) Fire Loss On Sibley Elevator SiMey, Iowa The elevator, offices and feedhouse of the Arnold were destroyed by fire today. jcity and five to eight below in thel 401 Killed in U. S. Accidents Over Holiday Carl H. Arnold, estimated the loss at Sixth Quake Hits Philippine Area Manila The sixth earth- quake in six days today rattled win- dows and caused buildings to sway in Manila but cause no damage. man- country, and fairly high winds. The cold will last. The weather- (Mr. Olson ft not the Kermtt Olson who jormerly headed, the U.S. Soil Conservation service fiere ant now lives in Minne- apolis.) failed to negotiate a turn In Ughway and skidded out of con- trol across the "Y" formed by 2ie Junction of the two roads. Measurements of skid marks taken by the sheriff at the acci- dent site revealed that the Olson car skidded 15 feet along the road shoulder to the edge of a shallow embankment. The car then apparently hurled over 40 feet through the air be- 'ore crashing into a telephone pole situated in the "Y." Hurled Against Pole When the car struck the ground, the left front door of the car was ,hrown open and Olson was hur- ,ecl against the telephone pole. Suffering from a severe head in- jury and other injuries, Olson was Deing taken to the Winona General Mspital in an ambulance when he died. The accident occurred at exact- ly the same spot and under al- most identical circumstances as a crash in which a Camp McCoy soldier was killed and three other youths were injured several mouths ago. Arnet, who was married only last October, was found lying dead in a ravine near his Pine Creek farm home at about 9 a. m., Sunday after he had been missing from his home since early Saturday after- noon. AU-NiKht Search The discovery of his body by two brothers, Donald and Ralph, ended a night-long search by a volunteer of 50 neighbors and law en- forcement officers formed after the 27-year-old fanner failed to return home Saturday afternoon. Arnet left home at about 2 p. m. By The Associated Press The nation's New Year's holida; violent death toll passed 400 bu man foresees a high of ten aboverepresented a sharp drop compar-i Wednesday, with clearing skies. Jed to the Christmas weekend by his father about This is all quite a change from! of 580. one-half miles away, the'weekend when the area enjoyedj Tlle in all types 01 v_o-, unseasonably warm weather, how- ever disagreeable. From mid-Saturday morning to late Monday evening the mercury never once dropped below the The government observatory said point a record that few 4-nw'Unn'Ti- 4-VA fvt f it was an aftershock of the triple quake of December 29 which re- sulted in the deaths of five persons in northern Luzon island. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and snow and decidedly colder tonight with temperatures falling to near zero in New Years can match. But it was cloudy, foggy and very wet. The rain amounted to .18 of an inch. Today the precipitation was be- ing measured in, inches of snow- fall, and at noon the morning's fall approximated one inch. The tem- perature was 18 above. It was cold and white in many places. Cold covered nearly all of' the area from southern California traffic deaths over the Christmas holiday. The survey covered a pe- riod from 6 p. m. last Friday to midnight Monday. Seven deaths in Minnesota and ten in Wisconsin were included on the II, S. holiday toll. But traffic, as usual during a major holiday, was the big killer. There were 253 person killed in motor mishaps over the long week- route to the woodlot. When he failed to return home late Saturday afternoon, his rela- tives became alarmed and notified Sheriff Fort who sent two deputies to the farm to investigate. Comb Ravines Houston County Sheriff Beryl Kerrigan and Winona Deputies Hugo Witt and Clarence McElmury organized the searching party which. end. That was 77 below the 330i traversed the hills and ravines In predicted by the National Safe- the vicinity of the farm until ty Council. In the two-day 1949 L m. Sunday in an unsuccessful New Year's holiday there were 309 effort to find the missing man. The next morning, however, Ar- net's two brothers found the body accidental deaths, Includ- ing 207 traffic fatalities. The council's prediction followed: in a ravine about one and one-half the city and 5 to 8 below in the [to northwestern Illinois: 31 below neavy toU on the highwaysjniiles from the farm. country. Clearing Wednesday withlat Havre, Mont.; Minot, N. D., 25 below; a little cold spot in Canada, just above Montana, 44 below; Be- strong northerly winds and con- tinued cold; highest 10. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: midji, ten below, and the 24 Cities 11 above. And it was white: In strange Maximum, 46; minimum, 35; noonjplaces like the San Francisco Bay! regioc, and in ordinary places, the Midwest and Pacific Northwest. On the Cascade mountain ski re- sorts in Washington, 16 inches fell. 42; precipitation, .05. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Monday: Maximum, 44; minimum, 35; noon, 40; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Maximum, 42; minimum, 17; noon, 17; precipitation, .20 (inch of sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 18. of an average of 85 traffic j deaths every 24 hours in the first 11 months of 1949. Wet and foggy weather over much of the country was believed to have been an im- portant factor in keeping down the highway tolL Fires killed 53 persons, includ- Buzzard conditions were reported seven wno perished in a blaze over most of Utah and ia parts of wjjicn destroyed a farm house the Dakotas. Condition of highway 61 between Winona and the Twin Cities this morning was hazardous. Snow-top- ped ice covered roost of the road and visibility was bad. i the previous traffic fat-1 Sheriff Fort, accompanied by alities. The New Year's traffic fat- Acting County Coroner H. J. Roe- alities compared to the council's mer went to the farm. After exam- ination of the body, death was pro- nounced due to accidental causes. Arnet had been shot behind the right ear by a slug from the 25.20 rifle which he was carrying. Authorities believe that when he began to fall while walking along the slippery hill, he pushed the butt of the gun against the ground to maintain his balance. It is be- lieved that the gun discharged at that time and killed him. Survivors include his wife, par- on Pace 11, Column L) ABEA FATALITIES near Houston, Texas. There were 95 other persons killed in miscel- laneous accidents, including falls, (Continued on Page 16, Column J.) NATIONAL TOLL ;