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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 3, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 269 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 3, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES 4 Dead in Air Crash at Seattle New Congress Convenes Quick Test On Truman's Power Seen Taft Will Keep Leadership of Party in Senate Board Votes to Pay Half Fare for Pupils In Bus Controversy By Jack Bell Washington The new Democratic-controlled Congress con- vened today and headed quickly toward a test of President Truman's influence on Capitol hill. The Issue shaped up from a proposal by Democratic leaders to change House rules and ease the way for controversial labor and social measures such as Mr. Truman campaigned for to come to th.6 House floor. Republicans decided in a pre- session conference to fight the rule change. They hoped to win enough support from southern Democrats to beat it in a House with 262 Demo- cratic members and 171 Republl-1 cans. The House has OTIC American- Labor party member and one va- cancy. The result could be the tip-off on what chance there Is for a coalition of Republicans and south- ern Democrats to beat some admin- istration measures in the House. On the Senate side, pre-session maneuvering gave that chamber's "old guard" Republicans a crushing j victory over a group of "self-styled Q. O. P. "liberal" senators. Decide on Taft The "liberals" were out to force a change in the party's leadership. They wanted Senator Lodge (Mass.) to take over from Senator Taft (Continued on Page 10, Column 7.) CONGRESS Blizzard Moving Enfo Minnesota The AIsops What Did Truman Mean? By Stewart Alsop Washington If the matter were not so very serious, the reaction of official Washington to President Truman's remarks in Kansas City would have been vaguely amusing. Truman's startling statement that "certain Soviet leaders are ex- ceedingly anxious to have an under- standing with us" was published on Tuesday morning. Immediately all sorts of high offi- cials were disturb- ed by the suspicion that something of the utmost importance had oc- curred perhaps an ultrasecret feeler direct from the Kremlin to the White House and that they had been left in ignorance of what had happened. Consequently, a kind of mutual dredging operation has automatical- j ly. been set in motion among the. State department, the Central In-i telligence agency, and the Defense! department's intelligence divisions.! The object has been to find By The Associated Press A blizzard spread over the Dakotas and the Minneapolis Weather bureau forecast most of Minnesota would be caught in the storm before nightfall. The storm covered an area from Canada to the Texas pan- handle with Nebraska and Kan- sas bearing the brunt of it. Forty-five mile an hour winds swept across western South Dakota late Sunday, forcing temperatures down to zero. The winds whipped the snow into road-blocking drifts and brought Weather bureau warnings that "this appears to be a dangerous storm." Northerly winds of 35 to 45 miles per hour and blizzard con- ditions were forecast for eastern North Dakota today. The storm edged into Min- nesota last night with strong northerly winds and drifting 'snow in the western part of the state. Head-on Crash Fatally Injures Strum Farmer Henzel Knutson, 33, Dies in Hospital Of Skull Fracture Parents Would Furnish Remainder; 100 Children Qualify Blair, Wls. A Newj By Gordon Holte Year's day head-on collision, of West End children were riding tojtwo automoWies On highway 93, school at reduced rates today; their nr -pit rvppk parents had realized a compromise about a mile north of Elk Creek, victory in a strenuous campaign to I brought death to one and injuries obtain restoration of school-financed to two others. transportation and the Winonaj Henzel Kniftson, 33-year-old board of education apparently had farmer from near Strum, died at cleared its books of a long-standing the Whitehall community hospital Sunday night from a skull fracture 6S rooms. school bus controversy. At a special session Friday after- noon, the board agreed to finance one-half the cost of transporting to the Jefferson school children in the kindergarten through sixth grades who reside near the western limits of the city. Winona Transit Company buses will be used and the parents the remaining half fare for each pupil. The service will begin immediately and continue un- til April 15. Details of administration of the new transportation plan are being completed today by Superintendent of Schools L. S. Harbo and officials of the transit company and probably will become fully operative tomor- row morning. Cost to Be Split Superintendent Harbo was author-______o____ __ _ ......_ ized by the board of education however, that neither, supervise the added transportation I machine evidently was traveling at I services and a suggestion was speed. One machine had a! that special half-fare tickets, eachjjjat tire, but Scow said it was not! good for one ride to the Jefferson a blowout. 1 school or a return trip and at Passers-by notified authorities By James D. White from Proceeds of the ticket sales will be! Henzel Knutson was born on may become the seat of cniang suffered in the accident. Not seriously Injured were Mrs. William Schroeder, Blair, and Leon- ard Sheffield, 28, Strum, They were treated for cuts and bruises. According to reports, Sheffield was driving north between Inde- pendence and Eleva, with Knutson as his passenger. The second car figuring In the collision was occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Schroeder and was heading south. Straight Stretch The two vehicles collided about p. m. According to Traffic Of- ficer Morris Scow, the accident oc- curred on a straight stretch of road free from snow and ice. Officer Scow, unable to determine j the cause of the accident, said thatj investigation was going on today.! This Daylight View of -wreckage of DC-3 plane which crashed last night on takeoff at Seattle, Wash., shows how firemen tore fuselage to pieces to reach 14 victims of crash. Tall at lower right was pulled off shortly after crash. Most of victims were found at base of revetment. Boeing Stratocrulser hangar is building In background. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) State Capital Busy on Eve Of Opening of Legislature St. state capital buzzed with activity today on the eve of the opening of the Supreme Court Upholds Ban on Closed Shops Washington The Supreme court today upheld state laws ban- ning closed shops. Under a closed shop contract, only union workers can be hired. Once on the payroll, they must remain In good standing with the union or lose their jobs. Today's decision was given In at- tacks by the American Federation of Labor and others on bans adopt- ed in Arizona, Nebraska and North Carolina. During argument of the! case the court was told that slmi-ifreezmg lar restrictions have been enacted i Tuesday occasional snow and much in 13 other states. .-.._..._ placed In a special fund to which Nov. 10, 1915, in the town of Al- the school 'board will appropriate jbion. a similar amount to pay the trans-) Survivors include his parents, portation bill. Simon and Gena Knutson; one Friday's board actio.. followed flj brother, Alvin, and seven sisters, motion by Director A. L. Kitt, first) Mrs. Clayton Edison, Eleva; Mrs. ward board representative, by Orville Loomls, Gilmanton; Mrs. the board agreed "to provide trans-1Orville Pfund, Mondovi; Mrs, Emil portation by buses of the _Eldora Knutson, Transit Company on its regular (Continued on Page 10, Column 5.) SCHOOL BOARD WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Cloudy, or drizzle tonight.! Hotel lobbies were filled as legislators and politicians gathered for the opening of the 56th legislative session at noon Tuesday. Capitol corridors echoed with a steady tramp of feet and the bustle from workmen putting the finishing touches on senate and house chambers and committee Both conservative and liberal leaders had busy schedules. Organizing committees worked to complete personnel assignments. Veteran solons will be in control when the session opens. Representative Roy E. Dunn of Pelican Rapids holds the key floor post in the house where he is majority leader and chairman of the rules committee. John Hartle of Owatorma is slated for the House speakershlp on the basis of pledges given in pre-sesslon caucuses. Rep- resentative Lawrence M. Hall of St. Cloud, speaker for five terms, did not seek re-election. Minority leader will be Represen- tative Ed Chilgren, Little Fork pub- lisher, long a member of the house. C. Elmer Anderson to Preside Senator Charles N. Orr of St. ,Paul is the senate rules committee I head and a leader of 'the majority conservative bloc. Senator Gerald Chiang's Government May Flee to Formosa and Delores Knutson, Strum. Funeral arrangements are Kai-shek's government if it flees Nanking. There is talk that Chiang is ex- pecting war between Russia and the United States and plans to sit this one out on this strategic island. There are these signs to back up Eaujson, Mondovi! the view that Chiang may come not! j Chiang's son, Major General The Taft-Hartley law's anti- closed shop section was not di- rectly involved in today's ruling. Justice Black wrote two opinions, one dealing with the North Caro- lina and Nebraska laws, the other with the Arizona law. The decision of the court was unanimous, ex- cept that in the case of the Ari- zona law, Justice Murphy noted a dissent. Justices Rutledge and Frankfur- ter wrote concurring opinions in all three cases. Major Fire Hits Milwaukee Loop Milwaukee A four-alarm colder. Low tonight 15; high Tues- day 20. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Saturday: "Maximum, 23; minimum, 11; noon, 22; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 30; minimum, 16; noon, 30; precipitation, trace. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 34; minimum, 30; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Free Chicago 37 Denver 29 Des Molnes 34 Duluth 30 International Falls 28 Kansas City answer to the question everyone haslfire raged through a business build-jLos Angeles 55 been asking: What in heaven'sling in the heart of downtown Mil-'Miami 70 name lay behind the today. iMpls.-St. Paul 30 sensational assertion? j Fife Chief Edward Wischer said'New Orleans....... 72 The only result so far of all this he believed all workers in the I New York 37 anxious digging is an intelligence report on Soviet policy which was sent to the President some months ago. The report itself is sufficiently interesting to be worth outlining. But it hardly seems a satisfactory explanation for the President's mys- terious remark. THE REPORT, which was based on information thought wholly re- liable, described a difference of opinion which was believed to have arisen between two factions within the Soviet Union's all-powerful Po- litburo. The two factions were re- ported to be headed by Politburo member George! Malenkov on the one hand, and Soviet Foreign Min- ister V, M. Molotov on the other. Molotov was decribed as holding the conviction that the United States was heading straight into a major and catastrophic economic depression, which he believed was certain to begin very soon, probably before the end of 1949. Molotov argued that this depression would totally paralyze the world strength of the United States. Therefore he believed, according to the report sent to Truman, that the heaviest pos- sible pressure should be maintained on the non-Soviet world so that the Soviet Union would be in a posi- tion immediately and decisively to expand into the power vacuum left (Continued on Page 11, Column 4.) ALSOPS building at North Plankington ave- nue and West Clybourn street had been evacuated from the structure, which houses offices of firms. Seattle 39 Phoenix 30 Washington .......41 5 Winnipeg 26 31 3 29 24 16 35 41 60 22 65 32 20 5 25 -25 22 .01 .b church. The Rev. Sven Thompson lie czar of Shanghai, has been nam- wffl officiate and burial will be in'ed head of the Kuomintang (gov- the church ceinetery. eminent) party activities here. 2. General Chen Cheng was sud- denly appointed governor of For- mosa. Chen a former Champoa military student of Chiang's and a former army chief of staff. 3. Navy- and air force headquar- ters have been moved here. Head- quarters of the Chinese National Air Corporation are being set up at Tainan. 4. A foreign consulate recently compiled a list of official govern- ment families here and a spokes- roan said it looked like a Nationalist Wisconsin Officers Take Oaths Madison, Wis. Four of Wisconsin's five constitutional offi- cers, elected November 2, officially took over new terms today. They were Governor Oscar Ren- nebohm, Lieutenant Governor George M. Smith, Secretary Fred R. Zimmerman, Treasurer Warren R. Smith and Attorney General Thomas E, Fairchild. The fifth elec- tive official, superintendent of pub- lic instruction, will be named in the spring election. Chief Justice Marvin B. Rosen- berry administered oaths of office and called upon the new heads of state to "preside over a state whose pride in its past and faith in its fu- ture has been greatly stimulated and strengthened by observance of our Centennial years." All but Fairchild were elected to office as Republicans. The attorney general is a Democrat. Shanghai Asks Reds for Peace Plane With Load of Yale Men Burns Falls From Ten Feet on Attempted Takeoff By Vincent Hoyman Seattle A chartered carrying vacationing Yale students back to school crashed and burned last night, killing 11 students and three crewmen. The two-engined DC-3 piled Into a hangar revetment at Boeing field a few seconds after its take-off a take-off a Civil Aeronautics ad- ministration official said was made against control tower orders. There were 30 aboard when the nonscheduled transport, hired by 27 Washington and Oregon Yale students to take them back to New Haven, Conn., sped down an icy runway at 10 p. m. Sixteen es- caped, some badly burned. The following bodies have been identified: Leonard B. Wlckman, BeUevue. Wash. Noel Brown, Seattle. David Bruce Haerle, Portland, Ore. Roger Young, Seattle. Harry Franzheim, Seattle. Russell H. Palmer, route three, Vancouver, Wash. Wallace Hartley, Mercer Is- land, Wash. Don Garrett, Portland. Ralph Laird, Camas, Wash. James Bryan, Portland. Captain William Chavers, Seat- tle, pilot. Kenneth Love, Seattle co-pttot. William F. Leland, owner ot plane. One body was still to be Identi- fied. R. D. Bedlnger, regional admin- istrator of the C.A.A., said the pilot, William Chavers of Seattle, was warned twice that conditions were "below mlnimums" required for a takeoff. Witnesses said the field was glazed with -ice and there a. light fog. "Both visibility and ceiling were below the rainimums required for a Bedinger said. "This was .Mullin of Minneapolis is one of the told to the pilot when he asked leading candidates for president pro I f6r clearari-.e to taxi for a take- tern of the senate, a post held last'off. That was tantamount to telling The Honse of Representatives meets at Washington today in the opening session of the 81st Congress. The Rev. Jamg Shera Montgomery (white House chaplain, leads the membership in reciting the Lord's Prayer. Wirepioto to The Republican-Herald.) "Who's Who." 5. A former manager of the Man- churian railways has arrived here reportedly to take over Formosa's rail system. Outgoing Governor Wei Tao-ming received the first notice of his re- moval from office through the Chi- nese Central News agency. Since General Chen's appoint- ment, Chinese administration offi- cials from all over the island have been arriving here to see whether they still have jobs. Rumors say Chen plans to remove at least 200 of them. Chinese residents and Formosans, who were under the Japanese for 50 years, are frankly disturbed about the Island's future. Smith Asks Truman to Relieve Him Bedell Smith asked President Truman to- Iday to relieve him of his post of j ambassador to Russia. No decision apparently has been reached by Mr. Truman on Smith's request. Smith has said previously I that he wanted to be relieved from the Moscow post. However, during the presidential campaign Mr. Tru- man asked the wartime chief of staff to General Dwight D. Eisen- hower to remain on the job until after the election. Emerging from conference with the President, Smith, told newsmen he is to talk to Mr. Truman again "later." He did not say when that would be. The general made clear that If the President insists upon his re- taining the post, he will have no choice but to return to Moscow. Smith said he had originally gone to Moscow with a view of staying two years but his tenure already has been extended to three years, Shanghai The Shang. hai city council today went over the national government's head and asked the Chinese commu- nists for a cease fire order and the beginning of peace talks. Chiang Forces In North Seek Peace, Report By Harold K. Milks Nanking Some of the na- tionalist generals In North China appeared to be dickering for a seperate peace with the -Chinese communists today. A Peiping municipal official nint- ed broadly to that effect in ex- plaining the city's flour situation session by Senator Milton Lightner of St. Paul. The president pro te'm will be named late today. Presiding officer will be Lieuten- him the field was closed." Bursts In Flamei Witnesses said the big plane had barely risen from the ground when ant Governor C. Elmer Anderson vring dipped and scraped the con- Brainerd. jcrete runway. Then the ship tip- Representative Hartle already hasjped the other way, dragging its his list of committee assignments I left wing, and veered into a Boeing ready This includes numerous Anrplane Company experimental chairmanships. hangar at 80 to 100 miles an hour, who had just bidden the students farewell after a happy holiday sea- son, watched in horror. The stricken crowd then saw sur- vivors begin plunging through the cabin door, which had burst open will be inaugurated at p. m. Thursday at a joint session of both houses. Chief Justice Charles Lor- ing will administer the oath, shortly before the governor delivers his In- augural address. The problems facing the legisla- ture are many. Finances, always a headache, will be foremost. Requests for increased budgets, due to rising costs, expansion projects for state institutions and higher payrolls, make it necessary for the legislators to find new revenue sources. Bonus to Consider In addition, the solons will have the proposed soldiers bonus to con- sider. It will again be faced with to A, P. correspondent Spencer! the problem of state aids for edu- Moosa. 'cation, reapportionment, highways, The official said there was only I liquor, and conservation. Ore taxes a three-week supply of fail to get attention. di The 90-day session will close in April. Already leaders are wondering how they can crowd their heavy Moosa asked: "There is no need to said the official, "we'll have a political settlement before that." (The official, who didn't want to K4J.1WCU, WiJ.W f w. be named, might have let the day session schedule of legislation into the 90- with the crash. Some through windows, or crawled squeezed through a break In the fuselage. Survivors said they crawled on hands and knees through the flames to reach the door, their hair and clothes afire. Field attendants and Boeing and United Air Lines employes rushed to the rescue. Some crawled into the burning plane. Others aided passengers leaping from the door. An investigation started today. Leon D. Cuddeback, regional di- rector of the Civil Aeronautics board, said it was too early to determine the cause, but "apparent- ly there was no explosion" before the plane hit. Several witnesses reported It exploded upon striking the revetment. Lynn Brown, a Boeing field em- ploye, estimated the plane was going rae problem, they say, is to sift mere fact that Moosa was permitted out the unnecessary and the tne nangar to file the quotation would appear j ondary legislation as early as t bumi to lend credence to it. Strict censor-! sible and then concentrate on the d f the fellows who ship has been Imposed in Peiplngj major problems, which the governor "c There was no elaboration of expected to cite in his inaugural officlaJ's statement.) I address. (Continued on Page 15, Column 7.) 14 DEAD FROST IN FLORIDA By The Associated Press Truck growers in the Florida Everglades surveyed frost- wrought damage to their crops today as a whistling blizzard harassed livestock producers over most of the high great plains region. With reports still incomplete on the extent of the frost and freezing temperatures in Flori- da Saturday night, it is known to have been heavy in many sections. Warren O. Johnson, chief of the federal-state frost warn- ing service, said some crops of com, sweet uotatoes, squash and new beans were killed and that lettuce, cabbage and other crops were damaged, some ex- tensively. Temperatures had climbed back into the 50's throughout the South and Southeast today. The blizzard came out of the Rocky mountains into western .Kansas, western Nebraska and Oklahoma last night. W. M. Percy, federal forecaster at Chicago, said the heavy snow in the plains would be whip- ped into drifts by strong winds throughout most of today and that visibility was at or near zero. The winds were lashing along at upwards of 45 miles an hour In the western Dakotas. Most of the area already had received from one to four inches of new snow. The cold wave is expected to hold temperatures to near zero in western Ne- braska, five to 15 above in western Kansas, and five to ten above in northwestern Oklahoma. Snow was falling as far south as New Mexico and El Texas. In eastern Colorado and Wyo- ming, where the snowfall was the heaviest of the winter, deep drifts slowed train and.motor travel. Some plane flights out of Denver were canceled. Ap- proximately 200 motorists were stranded at Nuni, Colo., where many of them were housed in a public hall. All roads In southeastern Wyo- ming were barred to all traf- fic except highway patrol cars which were dispatched to rescue stalled motorists. A bus driver and his 11 pas- sengers were marooned at Twin Springs, Idaho, awaiting ar- rival of four National Guards- men with a rotary plow to dig them out. Subnormal temperatures also stung the Pacific coast area, except extreme southern Calif or- nia. At Bakersfield, Calif., the mercury had skidded to 33 de- grees at midnight. Some high- ways between Los Angeles and San Francisco were snow- blocked. Nothing worse than partly cloudy skies with temperatures about normal were in prospect for the northeastern states where floods continued to sub- side'after causing at least live 1 ;