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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 29, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Saturday, Continued Cold VOLUME 52, NO. 11 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY Phone, Write, or Visit Us to Place Your Want Ad SIXTEEN PAGES Court Action to Kill Primary Seen Mr. And Mrs. Dorscy McConneU, parents of Pfc. Warren G. McConnell of Alloway, N. J., are shown above looking at picture of their son in their home today. The son is now serving a 10-year sentence in California on a charge of sleeping while on guard duty in Korea. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) e G.I. Convicted For Sleeping on Duty ALLOWAY, N. J angry father of a soldier serving a 10-year court-martial sentence on a charge of sleeping while on guard in Korea, intends fighting for his son's freedom. Dorsey McConnell, a millwright in this small South Jersey com- munity, said yesterday he retained a lawyer in Washington to appeal the case of his 20-year-old son who claims he fell asleep because he had no rest for three days. He knew nothing about the court- martial until after his son, Pfc. Warren G. McConnell, had been returned to this country and im- prisonment at the Lompoc, Calif., military disciplinary barracks, the father said. The commanding gen- eral of the Seventh Division ap- proved the sentence. Events Described The elder McConneU, who has seven other children, said his sol- TODAY Scored at Lisbon By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON gigantic dis- aster to American foreign policy dier son then sent him a letter describing the events that led to his sentence. In his letter, the father said, the soldier claims that he and four others were court-martialed for falling asleep while on guard duty has been most narrowly averted in j near the front lines Nov. 14. the last two or three weeks. And j "We had been awake for three instead of disaster, a notable sue- days building bunkers during cess has instead been scored by day and pulling guard at night. Dean G. Acheson, Dwight D. K have ever been awake enhower, and W. AvereU Harriman j you will know how we felt at the just-concluded Lisbon meet- numb aU ou feel ing. Not one American in a hun- dred is aware of this sequence of events, which suggests the way in which great issues of national se- curity are becoming clouded and obscured in this1 election year. When Acheson flew to the Lis- bon meeting, to talk with British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, French Foreign Secretary Rob- ert Schtnnan, and German Chan- cellor Konrad Adenauer, disaster loomed very close indeed. What seemed in prospect was a com- plete collapse of Allied policy on the issue of German rearmament. This in turn would have made non- sense of all Gen. Eisenhower's plans for an integrated defense of Western Europe, and thus knocked the underpinnings out from under American foreign policy. Unnoticed Crisis There were all sorts of contri- buting factors to this infinitely dan- gerous, almost unnoticed crisis, like the silly and provocative French gesture of sending an "am- bassador" to the Saar, which the Germans regard as an integral part of Germany. But essentially what happened was that a great surge of traditional French and German nationalism threatened .not only the shaky regimes in Paris and Bonn, but the whole structure of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Thus the German Bundestag at- tached conditions to German rear- mament, including an absolutely unconditional grant of German sov- ereignty, which the French (let alone the British) simply could not accept. And the French Assembly promptly responded by attaching conditions to French participation in the European Army .which the Germans could never accept. In such circumstances, it seemed im- possible that anything at all could be accomplished at Lisbon. Yet Acheson and Harriman have now returned from Lisbon in tri- umph. The European Army, con- cept has been unanimously approv- ed, at least in principle. Gen. Eis- enhower's plan for a fifty-division NATO army by the end of this year, based on the brilliantly real- istic appraisal of the "Three Wise (Continued on Page 3, Column 3.) ALSOPS as if you could drop in your tracks." Witness Killed The young soldier said his squad "sat up on a bunch of cause "we 'knew we would go to sleep if we got too comfortable on the ground." Even with the rocks, and the fact that "it was cold as all get the men fell asleep, he said. Three of the accused five escap- ed punishment, young McConnell said, "because the sergeant that was going to testify against them got killed two days later." "That left my squad leader and he added. The young soldier said his group's lieutenant had slept in the afternoon and was asleep again when the telephone guard came down to see why he could not raise the squad on the phone. "The lieutenant woke us all up and told us to stay awake, and the next morning he called us up in front of the the letter said, adding that the court-martial followed. After the court-martial, the sol- dier continued, the judge advocate tried to get the men restored to duty while they still were in Korea. "He did get our DD (dishonora- ble discharge) knocked loose which will show Washington when they review our cases that we were ?ood soldiers and got a raw he added. In Washington, Attorney Myron G. Ehrlich said the elder McCon- nell has retained him to appeal the 10-year sentence. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Eair tonight and Saturday. Con- tinued rather cold. Low tonight 20, high Saturday 30. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 38; minimum, 16; noon, 32; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at (Additional weather on Page 3.) Truman Asks Money, And Blood as Red Cross Drive Opens WASHINGTON Presi-, dent Truman has opened the annual American Red Cross drive with a plea for money and blood to answer this "com- pelling call to humanity." He said in a nation-wide re- corded broadcast last night the nation could be proud that the more than a million pints of blood collected last year saved "thousands" of lives on the battlefield and at home. Pointing to "the heroic work of the Red Cross in time of disaster, its day-to-day service in saving lives, and its con- stant help to the men and the women in the armed the President said: "These are the things that have made the Red Cross a living expression of our great tradition of neighbor-helping- neighbor in time of trouble." The Red Cross is seeking at least 85 million dollars. B Efforts Made To Head Off Big Oil Strike WASHINGTON Con- ciliator Cyrus S. Ching today pro- mised "intensified" efforts to pro- duce a compromise and head off the nationwide oil strike now set for March 9. Ching won a week's postpone- ment last night from a coalition representing the CIO oil workers and a score of AFL and Indepen- dent unions. He said a strike would have an "immediate" effect on millions of auto drivers, would hamper or stop production at every big refinery in the country and would strike a blow at the defense program, now running at full speed. The unions took two days to ac- cept Ching's request for a week's postponement. In agreeing, they warned that oil companies "must accept the status quo" and not use the week for "hiring strike- breakers or preparing for their maintenance within struck plants." B Brazilian Airliner Crashes, 8 Killed RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil Hi- Eight persons last night were re- ported killed and 23 injured in the crash of a Panair Do Brasil air- liner trying to land in a fog at Uberlandia, 425 miles northwest of Rio. French Premier Resigns, Refused Funds for Arms President Will Consult De Gaulle Leader Today PARIS tffi President Vincent Auriol dug into the haystack of French politics today, hunting a new Prime Minister who can find the money to pay France's share of Atlantic 'defense costs Premier Edgar Faure, 43-year- old mystery novelist, shucked off the job before dawn after the Na- tional Assembly turned down, 309 to 283, his plan to hike present taxes 15 per cent for rearmament. Faure rejected an alternative plan to impose a new one per cent sales tax. He had formed his Cabinet on Jan. 40 days ago. He lost out on the second of 20 votes of confidence he had put before the Assembly. Right wingers, led by the follow- ers of Gen. Charles de Gaulle and including 28 members of Faure's own Radical Socialist party, tum- bled the Premier and got first chance to set up a new govern- ment. A Rightist coalition might agree !on a new sales tax but would find the harness troublesome on other issues. The Gaullists, for example, strongly oppose the European army plan unless the nations in it federate politically first. Faure had just returned from 1 the Lisbon meeting of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization where the United States promised France additional aid of 300 million dol- lars. v B Bed-Ridden Man Perishes in Fire SUPERIOR Wl A bed ridden man died yesterday when his aged parents were unable to drag him from their burning home. Mr. and Mrs. Edward Efaw, in their SO's, hurried to the second floor bedroom of their crippled son, Russell, 40, and managed to drag him down a flight of steps. Then their strength gave out and dense smoke forced them outside. The second floor was burned out. Dist. Atty. John Chisholm said the cause of death was not deter- mined immediately. He said the I blaze apparently started in the 'son's room. Massed Philadelphia firemen pour streams of water on flames whipping through the seventh floor of the Hotel Clinton, apartment hotel in down- town Philadelphia early today. More than 100 guests were routed from their rooms and firemen estimated damage would be more than a million dollars. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Clear-Cut Decision iProbe Promised Demanded on UMT WASHINGTON House faced a demand today for a clear, cut decision on universal military training (UMT) as debate entered its fourth day. Rep. Kilday (D-Tex) told the House in supporting a UMT bill yes- terday: "Let's either pass it or kill it." Both Chairman Vrnson. (D-Ga) of the armed-cervices leading the fight for- the btUY and. Rep. heading the opposition, told a reporter they wante'd the same definitive vote. This means voting directly Announcing Himself as "a Jeffersonian opposed to governmental corruption and concentration of power in Washington, Sen. Richard B. Russell right, of Georgia, tells a press con- ference he will seek nomination for President on the Democratic ticket. With him as he made the announcement was his fellow Georgian, Sen. Walter F. George. 0 Russell Cuts Into Kefauver Support By JACK BELL WASHINGTON entry of Sen. Richard Russell of Georgia into the Democratic presidential race raised serious threats today to the chances of candidate Estes Kefauver and possible-candidate Harry S. Truman. At the same time, a ruling by the Minnesota Supreme Court seemed lately to present Republi- can candidate Harold E. Stassen with a home-base nucleus of Minn- esota's 28 presidential nominating delegates. The court pleased Kefauver by ruling out a slate he said he didn't want to run in Minnesota against Sen. Humphrey The effect will be to give Humphrey, the only candidate, the state's 26 Democratic votes and make them available to President Truman if he runs. Supporters of Gen." Dwight D. Eisenhower were reported divided in their reaction to the court's rul- ing that a slate for the general couldn't run. Some wanted .to contest Stassen, others to avoid a fight with him in a stale where he formerly was governor. Left in the Republican race against Stassen in Minnesota was a slate pledged to Gen. Douglas MacArthur, who says he is not running. Warren Called 'GOP Importer' By Opposition LOS ANGELES leader of Gov. Ea_rl Warren's Republican opposition in California said last night Warren is "attempting to perpetrate a hoax and a fraud on the Republican Party of Califor- nia by falsely representing himself as a legitimate Republican presi- dential candidate." Rep. Thomas H. Werdel (R- Calif) of Bakersfield, in a radio address called Warren "Republi- can imposter." Socialistic "W a r r e n 's socialistic record makes it impossible for him to sub- scribe honestly to the planks of a genuine Republican party plat- he declared. "Warren's real goal is to trade California's 70 convention votes for a seat on the Supreme Court." Werdel heads a campaign to send a Republican delegation to the na- tional convention not instructed to vote for any one man. Warren is seeking a delegation pledged to him. The matter will be decided at the state primary election June 3. Stalking Horse Of Warren's decision to enter the Wisconsin primary, Werdel said: "Warren is running in Wiscon- sin as a stalking horse for the La Follette group's real candidate, who has not entered his name in that state. His decision to run in Wisconsin is neither genuine nor legitimate. If he wins Wisconsin's 30 votes, under terms of the deal, the votes will go to his rival at the first convention maneuvers." Werdel did not name "the La Follette group's real candidate." However, Warren's delegate can- didates are agreed to switch to Gen. Eisenhower at the Republican national convention if it appears Warren is out of the running. i Planes Hunt 6 Men in Pacific GUAM H) Planes and ships hunted today over the ocean north- west of Guam-for six men mis- sing from a B-29 weather plane that exploded Tuesday. Four of the crew were picked up. "It's very an Air Force officer said, "the remaining six men are still afloat in one or more of several life rafts drop- ped by rescue planes Tuesday evening." Air Eorce authorities say they believe all ten escaped from the plane. Airmen on an escorting B- 29 reported they saw several para- chutes leave the plane. on issue by sending it back to com- mittee. That procedure would put the measure on ice for this ses- sion, but it could emerge again. The present bill calls for com- pulsory six months' training of 18-year-olds, with IVt years' serv- ice in the reserves. It does not specify a starting date or desig- nate how many are to be trained. Several amendments are ex- pected to be presented next week, including one to set a date for either the end of this phase of UMT or for a congressional re- view of the program. A motion to send the measure back to the committee also is ex- pected. This would permit con- gressmen to postpone action with- out taking a definite stand on the issue of UMT itself. IThis mattter has been pend- ing here for years and Kilday said. 'If there ever was a proposition that was thoroughly studied, this one has been. Letls have this issue terminated." Short said in a House speech that, after debating UMT for 20 years, he wanted now to "have it buried, without, benefit of clergy." He said UMT would create "a false sense of security" as he contended it had in France. The United States does not need "large masses" of men for mod- ern war, he said. "What we need is guns, bombs, planes and tanks. In Korea they are shooting down more planes than we're making. "We need, more than anything else, scientists, technicians and Into Federal Monetary Policy WASHINGTON broad in- vestigation of federal monetary poiiciesr-and. differences between the Treasury and the Federal Re- System-was promised to. you them in the Army." won't get Man Hit by Car Dies APPLETON GB-Joe Neuber, 50, was killed last night while walking along Calumet County Highway F, about six miles west of Chilton. He was struck by a car driven by Hugh Goggins, 21. Both Neuber and Goggins were residents of Route 1, Chilton. day. A joint Congressional siibcom mittee headed by Rep. Patman (D-Tex) planned the inquiry in the wake of partly divergent state- ments by heads of the two key financial agencies. Secretary of the Treasury Snyder and Federal Reserve Board Chair- man William M. Martin said an "accord" reached 11 months ago after a lively backstage dispute is still working 'in daily operations. But they spelled out basic dif- ferences in the first time could lead to new disputes. Their review of the whole gamut of monetary, credit and debt man- agement issues was in answer to a subcommittee question n a i r e. More than 400 other government officials, private bankers, econo mists and brokers also gave their views in a report re- leased by the subcommittee yes terday. The subcommittee plans to open prolonged hearings March 10 with Snyder and Martin as leadoff wit- nesses. The two officials agreed yester- day the reserve board should keep its independence from the Treas- ury and White House. Snyder noted, however, that with this independence conflicts between the board and agencies controlled by the President "might become quite acute." In fact, he said, the board "could conceivably impede, if not actual- ly policies fixed by the President, To help curb future conflicts be- fore they get started, Snyder pro- posed a new council of high level financial officials to meet regularly and try to thresh out monetary issues by give and take discussion. U.N. Won't Accept Russia as Member of Neutral Commission MUNSAN, Korea Iruce negotiators bluntly told the Com- munists today: U. N. rejection of Soviet Russia as a member of a neutral supervisory commission was "firm, final and irrevocable." A U. N. spokesman said the Al- lied statement was the "strongest since last July" when the Reds were warned that armistice nego- tiations would break down unless they abandoned demands' for av cease-fire line on the 38th parallel. The Communists replied in al- most equally strong languaga that "any such attitude of arrogance and arbitrariness will be categori- cally rejected by our side." In an adjacent tent the subcom- mittee on prisoner exchange made little progress in its firs: session since Feb. 6. Staff officers turned the voluntary repatriation problem back to the subcommittee after reaching virtual-agreement on all other "points of an exchange plan. Subeommitteemen ironed out some minor disputes Friday but failed to break, the voluntary re- patriation deadlock, 8 Taxpayer Would Invalidate Law, Save Governor Decides Against Calling Repeal Session By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS An opponent of the Minnesota presidential primary law said 'to- day' he is considering starting a taxpayers suit to knock out tht entire law. "A primary this year would serve, no useful said Sen. Leo Lauerman, Olivia, leader in the unsuccessful fight in the last legislature to repeal the law." "A survey I made last year among county auditors showed the primary would cost about I think that money could be better spent for some other purpose." Sen. Lauerman appealed to other interested citizens to join with him. Supporters Disappointed The senator made his statement as others tried to assess the effect of yesterday's Supreme Court ac- tion which erased the names of Gen. Dwight Eisenhower, and Gen. Douglas MacArthur, Republicans, and Sen. Estes Kefauver, Demo- crat, from the March 18 primary ballot. Supporters of both former Gov. Harold Stassen and Gen. Eisen- hower expressed disappointment. Warren Burger, St. Paul, na- tional Stassen aide, said the Stas- sen forces would "lose the boost a Minnesota victory would have given us." Bradshaw Mintener, state Eisen- hower chairman, said he was soi> ry the general would not be on the ballot in Minnesota, but said Eisenhower supporters would tinue to work for his to be quoted, oi a "StopStas- sen" movement, with all those who favor other candidates joining in. support of Edward Slettedahl, St. Paul, MacArthur standin who will be Stassen's only opponent. Leonard Lindquist, member of the State Railroad and Warehouse Commission, renewed his claims that the Stassen' forces were be- hind the move to eliminate Eisen- hower. He declared that "the Stassen strategy of depriving the people of a chance to vote for a candidate of their choosing" has split the Re- publican party. Stassen and his supporters have denied that they had anything to do with any move to bar any candidate. Patrick Ryan, Minneapolis attorney and leader in the Kefau- ver movement, said the effect of the Supreme Court decision was to deprive the "Democratic voters of .Minnesota of any free choice in the presidential primary election." "This comes he added, in a statement, "through sharp practice by Sen. Hubert Hum- phrey. It leaves the field free in the Democratic primary for Hum- phrey as the Truman stooge can- didate to control the Minnesota delegation." Ryan declared that "the loyal Democrats of Minnesota will see to it that a day of reckoning will come." Gov. C. Elmer Anderson last night refused to bow to suggestions that he call a special legislative session to repeal the primary law. "The primary system has inr creased the opportunity for people to make their wishes effective in choosing officials; I cannot favor calling a special session to take away any such the gov- ernor said in a statement. Three The repeal issue was raised af- ter the Minnesota Supreme Court ruled yesterday the names of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower (R) and Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn) should not be listed on the bat lots. Left in the contest after that de- cision were Harold E. Stassen and. Edward Slettedahl, Republicans, and Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey as the sole Democrat. Slettedahl; heretofore unknown in political cles, filed a slate of delegates On behalf of Gen. Douglas MacArth- ur. He said last he intends to wage a "vigorous" pre-primarr campaign. Two state Roy E. Dunn, Petican Rapids, House majority leader, and Eep. William E. Carlson, St. pealing the primary law. "The supreme court decision has the effect of completely nullifying said Dunn, state campaign manager for Sen. Robert A. Taft Dunn pointed out that knocking out the statute would save the state about the; March expected to cost Carlson said: the court ruling-, made the. law "useless for any. practical purposes." v "Such- awote, if we go- through- with it, will the con- (Continued on Page 3, Column COURT ;