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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 26, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight And Friday, Colder Friday Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad VOLUME 53, NO. 8 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 26, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAOES Farmer Admits He Shot Patrolman ulles Asks Congress to Condemn Despotism Will Never Be Party to Deals Aiding Slavery Secretary Appears For House Foreign Affairs Committee WASHINGTON Secretary of State Dulles urged Congress to- day to make clear to the world that the United States "will never be a party to any international deal" fixing "Soviet despotism" upon peoples in Europe and Asia. Dulles made the plea in a state- ment prepared for delivery to the House Foreign Affairs Committee. The lawmakers are considering an administration resolution which would denounce Russian "perver- sion" of World War II agree- ments. Avoids Controversy Dulles advocated avoiding contro- versy over whether past agree- ments between the U. S. and Russia should have been made, and in- stead taking action which would look to the future liberation of captive countries and stir their faith in freedom. The "first and indispensable step" toward stimulating a spirit of freedom, Dulles said, is to make clear the following points upon the authority of the President and Con- gress: "One, the United States does not countenance the violations by which Soviet leadership has perverted past agreements and understand- ings into chains of bondage. That is a result which the American people never intended and which they will never accept. No Party to Deal "Two, the United States will never be a party to any internation- al 'deal' or 'trade' confirming the rule-of Soviet despotism over the alien peoples it dominates in Eu- rope and Asia. "Three, the United States seeks as one of its peaceful goals, that these enslaved national groups of Europe and Asia shall recover gen- uine independence." Dulles' admonition against con- troversy was obviously aimed at moves in Congress to rewrite the administration's resolution and strike at Presidents Roosevelt and Truman for making the agreements with Premier Stalin at Yalta, Tehe- ran and Potsdam. The administration resolution would simply denounce Russia for twisting the understandings "to bring about the subjugation of free peoples." Weinberg Attended 20 Red Meetings, Witness Claims WASHINGTON key prose- cution witness in the Joseph W. Weinberg perjury trial testified to- day he underwent psychiatric treatment over a period of several years. The witness, Joseph Biskind, 39, acknowledged under cross-exami- nation that he once lied to the FBI in denying he had been a member of the Communist party. Biskind, however, stuck firmly to his direct testimony Wednesday that he attended "about 20" Com- munist meetings with Weinberg in Berkeley, Calif., in 1939 and 1940. Weinberg, 3B, who was dubbed "Scientist X" in a 1949 congres- sional investigation of atomic spy- ing, is accused falsely swearing to the House Un-American Activi- ties Committee that he had not been a Communist. UlCouldWin In Korea Now, Van Fleet Says Ticker Tape Greeting in San Francisco Gen. James A. Van Fleet, retiring commander of the U. S. 8th Army, given a hero's welcome on his arrival in San Francisco, waves from a car as it moves along Montgomery St., San Francis- co's financial district. At his side is Mayor Elmer Robinson of San Francisco. The general's car was at the very end of a military parade. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Crisis Over Unified Western Army Eased By STAN SWINTON ROME crisis over plans for a single-uniformed two-million- man European defense force was eased but not ended today. France still was tying strings to participation of her troops at last night's close of a two-day meeting of the foreign ministers of France, West Germany, Italy, Bel- gium, The Netherlands and Lux- embourg. French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault did show willing, ness to compromise. However, after he ran head on into the com- bined opposition of the five other allies and the expressed desire of President Eisenhower's administra- tion for speedy creation of a Euro- pean army. It remained to be seen whether the French Parliament would back him up. Behind the cautiously worded communique issued at the meet- Russia May Be Planning New Coup in Germany BERLIN A rumor sped through Berlin today that the Russians are planning a new coup to regain the political initiative in Germany. Diplomatic quarters buzzed with talk that the Russians contem- plate: 1. Announcement around mid- May that they would withdraw their troops June 1. from Germany on 2. Demands from Moscow that Germany be re-united from Rhine to the Oder-Neisse. the As the diplomats see it, the Rus- sians' game would be to catch the Western powers off base by a light- ning move. They calculate the Germans, once the Russians have physically left their soil, would be something less than friendly to any Allied troops who remained. At that point, both West and East Germans would be highly suscepti- ble to unity. SAN FRANCISCO M Gen. James A. Van Fleet insists and emphatically that the powerful United Nations Army could break the military stalemate in Korea, if unleashed. The retiring U. S. Eighth Army commander, arriving to a hero's welcome after 22 months in Korea, declared: "My Eighth Army can always advance another step and fire an- other shot." Van Fleet was given a ticker tape greeting as he rode through Market Street in downtown San Francisco after a 17-gun harbor salute. He was feted at a civic luncheon and a reception in which he was presented a gold-crested sword by the city. Sure of Victory Then, at a press conference, the 60-year-old general repeated the question his answer which aroused so much Washington in- terest. It was the question put to him by John Randolph, Associated Press correspondent in Seoul whether a major offensive could break the military deadlock in Korea? His answer yesterday, as it was in Tokyo, was the emphatic one word: "Certainly. "I hope I have made that clear for all he added. "Any offensive would break the military deadlock which is of our choosing and not imposed by the enemy." He gave no hint what recom- mendations he may make when he meets with President Eisenhower and congressional leaders Tuesday in Washington. He said only that he is going to Washington as "a humble and modest commander to give such information as the President and Governors Walter J. Kohler of Wjs.; Alfred E. Driscoll of N. Jersey, Republicans and James F. Byrnes of S. C.; Allan Shivers of Tex., Dem- ocrats, left to right, called at the White House today for a conference with the President. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Ike Calls Governors To Air Tax Problems By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON Eisenhower called in a delegation of state governors, GOP congressional leaders and administration officials today to seek a solution to a knotty problem: Federal-state division of tax revenues. After the conference and a White House luncheon the President planned to fly to Augusta, Ga., for a relaxing weekend it. 2. The ministers sympathize with France's feeling that selteur- vival necessitates the right to with-1 draw troops from the European! army if she needs them in such stormy parts of her overseas ter- ritory as Indochina or her North African protectorates. 3. French protocols to the EDC Treaty requesting this and other rights are referred to an interim commission in Paris with instruc- tions to seek a palatable solution within the framework of the EDC U.S. Probes Alleged Baby Adoption Racket TORONTO Iff) Canadian and American authorities today investi- gated an alleged baby adoption racket that .police said may have arranged the smuggling of hun- dreds of infants into the United Sta.tes in the past year. Announcing the probe into baby farm reported operating here for would-be parents unwilling to wait out the long process of legal adoption, police said last night that at least 20 babies have been smuggled across the U. S. border from Toronto in the last three months. The investigation was touched off with the arrest of Mr. and Mrs. Jack Shindern, both 29, of Brook- lyn, N. Y. The couple, carrying a 5-day-oM boy who police said was not their own, was taken off a New York-bound plane yesterday _ _______( at Toronto's Malton Airport. liquor bill, a highly controversial I They were held under bail _. _ cbarges of obtaining a 'birth ing's close, here is what informed Congress may want-to the best sources say was decided at the conference: 1. All six ministers will go home and press for speedy ratification of the European Defense Commu- nity (EDC) Treaty. Although the pact was signed last May, none of the six nations have yet ratified of my ability." No Asked about possible Communist moves in Korea, Van Fleet said: "I don't believe they will sur- prise the Eighth Army. I don't think they are that good." Throughout, Van Fleet repeated: "Korea is the front line of free- dom." Moorhead Liquor Bill Approved ST. PAUL B) The Moorhead In any national elections the I Treaty. Changes in the treaty measurp womQ Communists would run behind but I which would lead to further delay head wMchhaT become a ri not so far that they would lack I in ratification, however, are ruled class chy to issue combination weight in any new Reichstag. (out.- combination Foreign diplomats, trying to 4. Bidault and German Chancel- Harry I. Rand, a defense attor- ney, asked Biskind, a Berkeley music teacher and part-time Uni- versity of California employe, whether he ever told officers that he had not been a Communist. The witness replied that in Jan- uary a year ago he told the FBI he had not been a member. "But I subsequently realized that my membership had been very well known in Berkeley and else- where and there was no point in denying something that was well Biskind said. Rand then asked the witness whether he had been treated for .a mental illness or disturbance. He replied that he received such treatment from a San Francisco doctor over a period of several years. evaluate such Soviet strategy, commented: A unified Germany would be in sorry economic shape with the booming West required to take over the poverty-stricken East. lor Konrad Adenauer are staying over today and part of tomorrow to attempt further reconciliation of their conflicting views. They are being aided by Italian Premier Alcide de Gasperi. issue two years ago when Gov. Youngdahl vetoed it, received pre- liminary approval in the Senate today without opposition. It already .'has passed the House. The measure would permit Moor- a third on- sale and off-sale liquor licenses as it did when it was a fourth class city. Sen. Magnus Wefald, Hawley, said the measure would provide for better control since it would permit 10 combination places instead of 10 of each. certificate by fraud. Police said the baby with them was born last Friday in St. Mary's Hospital. Its mother left the hos- pital without her child but the baby was taken out Tuesday and registered the same day at City Hall by a man and woman. Authorities said they had evi dence that a Toronto doctor and four or five other persons were involved .in the suspected baby farm. They added that they be lieved headquarters of the ring were in the U. S. of golf. He will return to ington Sunday. Eisenhower told his news con- ference yesterday that today's meeting will deal with: 1. Division of tax fields and tax revenues, a problem the Confer- ence of State Governors has been grappling with for 2. Federal state relationships under the social security program, including unemployment compen- sation, old age assistance and aid to dependent children. An Eisenhower aide said the con- ference would dig into the problem of double taxation federal and Ike Expresses Willingness to By JOHN M. H1CHTOWER WASHINGTON UB Presiden Eisenhower and Premier Stalii may eventually meet at a cold war peace conference, but all evi dence here indicates that Sovie world intentions will first have to undergo a clear change. That was the plain import o Eisenhower's news conference comment yesterday en a possible meeting with the Soviet leader. I is also the word that comes from U. S. diplomatic authorities who may not be named. Periodic Russian displays of in. terest in a top-level session are propaganda turn into not handled NAVY PILOTS SAVED 'Copter Plucks 500 Out of Sea By OLEN CLEMENTS ABOARD USS VALLEY FORGE I Somewhere Off .Korea was a scowling day. A flight of Douglas attack bombers catapulted off the deck of this carrier and headed for the snow-whitened hills of Korea. Suddenly, one faltered, turned and headed back. The. motor sput- tered as the bomber twisted and plunged into the sea on its back. The man manning the flight deck bull horn sounded the alarm with the one word "Splash." The Valley Forge's loudspeaker flashed it over the ship: "Plane in the water off the port quarter." Only the tail fin of the bomber bobbed in the water as the Valley Forge pulled away. After what seemed an eternity a head bobbed I up from the sea. It was 40 seconds by stop watch since the bomber hit the water. -Seemingly out of nowhere a heli- copter swooped down and hovered over the spot as the Valley Forge plowed on. Welcome Sign Painted on the side of the chop- per was one of the most welcome signs, known to Navy pilots downed in the Sea of Japan off Korea's east coast: "Last Chance Taxi." What appeared to be a horse collar tumbled out of the 'copter cabin and landed near the man's head. The man in the water slipped his arms inside the horse collar and was hoisted out of the water. The rotor blades of the egg beater whirred. The dangling dripping ma'n rushed to the carrier and let down gently on the flight deck. It was two minutes by the stop watch since the crash. The crash survivor was Ens. Dennis B. Poulson of Ontario, Calif. It was his 23rd birthday. He was blue with cold and bleeding from a slight cut on his forehead. "It was sure dark down there under the le mumbled. Medics stripped the collar from him and rushed him to a hot shower. A man freezes fast in these waters. After the shower, Poulson got a shot of medicinal brandy. Then they tucked him under an electric blanket and he slept off the shock. Ens. Poulson was somewhere near the 500th Navy man saved from the sea or behind Communist lines by the Navy's Helicopter Rescue Squadron No. 1 since the start of the Korean War. Pilots and Navy men aboard the carriers Valley Forge, Oriskany, Kearsarge, Philippine Sea and Bataan are high in their praise of the rescue whirlibirds and the men and officers who man them. In fact, Navy Lt. W i 11 a r d Frankie, operating exclusively in besieged Won s an harbor, has picked up so many naval aviators in his chopper that the survivors are thinking of forming an "I Love Frankie Club." "Out of the approximately 500 men our .squadron has tried to said Lt. Hahn, a Berkeley grocer when he is at borne, "we have lost not more than two or three, maybe not that many." state taxes on, for example, in comes, gasoline, cigarets, liquo and inheritances. There has been talk that th Eisenhower administration migh propose that the states get out :he income tax field in exchang :or the federal government bowin out of other areas. However, such proposals hav aeen discussed for years at go ernors' conferences without an concete action. Eisenhower himself said ther s no clean-cut, quick solution ight. To today's conference Eisen lower invited four governor named by their colleagues i landle federal-state relationships They are Alfred E. Driscoll of New ersey, chairman of the subcom mittee; Allan Shivers of Texas resident of the governors confer ence; Walter J. Kohler of Wiscon sin; -and James F. Byrnes o South Carolina. Eisenhower's weekend vacation takes him to the Augusta Nationa Golf Club in Georgia, where fa- stayed for two weeks after th< November election. He again wil live close by the 18th green in the cottage of Bobby Jones, one of the immortals of golf. Mrs. Eisenhower, her mother Mrs. John S. Doud, and a small staff of White House aides are accompanying the President. It is his first trip out of the Washington area since he took office Jan. 20. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Consider- able cloudiness tonight and Friday, becoming colder Friday. Low to- night 28, high Friday 35. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 36; minimum1, 21; nooa, 35; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 37 at a. m. oday, znic. 28 at noon Wednesday. Sky overcast at feet, visibility miles, wind 12 miles per hour rom southwest, barometer 29.41 ailing, humidity 92 per cent. regarded here as moves which could diplomatic trend if with extreme care. To hold a meeting in the absence of prior proof of Soviet sincerity, authorities here feel, would be to court two grave dangers: 1. If the U. S. and other West ern Powers were committed to make the session successful but Russia was not, then success could be bought only at the price of new concessions to Russia. 2. If on the otter hand the U. S. and its allies as well as Russia went into a conference cynically expecting only to make propagan- da against tie other side, then the resulting failure to realize world hopes for peace would al- most certainly increase the dan- ger of a new world war. In the latter part of his adminis- tration, former President Truman habitually replied to questions about a meeting with Stalin by saying he would be glad to see the Soviet premier in Washington. NTo one expected Stalin to come here. 'Just Wanted To Scare Youth Declares Parker's Prairie Man Arrested Near Place of Shooting FERGUS FALLS, Minn. WI-A 20-year-old farmer confessed this morning that he shot a highway patrolman last week "just to scare him" after the patrolman found the youth had no driver's license. Owen V. Thompson, Otter Tail County attorney, said the shooting had been admitted by Theodore Frank Brockopp, 20. Brockopp farms not far from the spot where Highway Patrolman James Stevens was seriously wounded near Park- ers Prairie. Stevens, recovering at an Alex- andria hospital after his left hand was amputated following the shoot- ing, identified young Brockopp ai the man who shot him. Thompson said charges will vobably be filed against Brockopp ater today. "I'm not sure what ;he charges will Thompson said, "but it will probably be one of attempt to commit murder in the first degree." Brockopp offered no when sheriffs deputies and high- way patrolmen went to his farm to arrest him late Wednesday. The stocky youth lives alone on the farm. His father, Alfred, opeiy ates an adjoining farm. In his confession, Brockopp said he had stopped on the road to fix the lights on his car. He said he became frightened when the patrol- man pulled up alongside his cat and asked him for his driveryi license, "I didn't have a Brock- opp said, "so I shot my rule just to scare him." Brockopp fired the rifle without 'ivsrninf. Brockopp added he went xlirect- ly to his farm as toon as be fot his lights fixed. Reds Refuse Aid For Allied POW's SEOUL W The Countess o! Limerick, vice chairwoman of the British Bed Cross, said tonight the Communists have refused to accept relief packages for British and other Allied prisoners of war. "We've asked them. We've even begged them.. .but they just ignore she said. "When we bring up the subject, they pretend they don't understand English. Of course they understand." -f Russ Planes Flying Over Japan, Report TOKYO Iff) A former Japanese prime minister today claimed lussian planes have flown over Tokyo on spying -missions and vaded swift American intercep- ors. A U. S. Air Force spokesman mmediately denied it. Hitoshi Ashida, now a leader of je major opposition party in the overnment, said American radar as tracked Red reconnaissance lanes over the capital. He didn't ay where he got his information. An Infant Polar Bear is-cozy and warm as it gets protection from mama bear Isabella at the Skansen Zoo in Stockholm, Sweden. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) ;