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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 26, 1949, Winona, Minnesota RAIN TONIGHT, COLDER SUNDAY SUPPORT YOUR Y.M.C.A. VOLUME 49, NO. 9 WINQNA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, 26, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES f, Allen Rap Pepper Draft Charge Frank J. Allen "Hard for me to 'believe if A recent charge by Senator Claude Pepper that rich men's sons evaded battle service in World War n has been scored as flannel-mouth irresponsible talk fostering hat- red and bitterness" by two mem- bers of the Winona county draft board. In a letter to National Selective Service Director Lewis B. J. R, Chappell threatened to resign from his post as chairman of the local draft board unless a general denial of the Florida senator's al- legations is made by national draft officials. Another county board member, Prank J. Allen, couched his reprimand in a personal letter to the senator. The statement which provoked the two letters of indignation was made evaded by Pepper during questioning at a Senate labor and public welfare committee hearing. In a verbal exchange with Ira Mosher, former president of the National Association of Manu- facturers, Senator Pepper remarked that as "a general rule it was poor people whose sons went to the battlefields and a lot of manu- facturers' sons who stayed at home." When Mosher remonstrated that "I lost three members of my family ____In the war" Pepper reportedly board countered "I know who made the profits out of the war. I know who makes the profits out of every war." In his letter to General Hershey, Chappell, president of the Mer- chants National bank, stated for the draft board through he was "amazed to read in Thejthe entire late war and have again Associated Press the accusation'been assigned the Job. If the per- made by Senator Claude Pepper jformanca has been in keeping with during an interrogation of a wit-1 the conclusions Senator Pepper ar- ness in the Senate labor committee.! rives at, I think it is high time General Denial jthat a change in the draft board "The accusation actually Implies occurs and unless we can have better that the draft boards over the country distinguish between the rich men's boys and the common fellow, and I have been diligently watching the papers since that ac- cusation was made to find some sort of a general, denial from your office or the administration. I am sorry to have to admit that none has been forthcoming. "Your records will show that I happen to have served as chair- support for the work we are trying to do, you may accept this letter as my resignation. "Such flannel-mouth irresponsible talk should not go unchallenged." Allen Surprised Allen, a vice-president and gen- eral manager of the Bay State Mill- ing Company, expressed surprise that Senator Pepper should have made the statements attributed to him. Addressing the senator in his letter, Allen observed that "I believe that you would make the statement that has been attri- buted to you. to the effect manufacturers' sons stayed home and got rich .while sons of the laboring classes went overseas and got killed during the war. "It isn't true, of course. I am a manufacturer and my boys enlisted the moment they were 18. One was over in Okinawa, a. navigator in the Air Forces.'The other was In this country training in the Air Forces. Many Enlisted "It happens that I have been member of the Selective Service draft board since (the beginning) of World War n and I dont just know of a single instance of a manu- facturer's son being deferred; but I do know that most ol them enlist- that ed' without being drafted and went Into the Navy, Marines, or mostly, in the Air Forces. Many of them never came back. "Such statements as you made, if you made them, can do great harm, fostering hatred and bitterness. As I stated above, it is hard for me to believe that you did it." Senator Pepper, long a storm cen- ter In Washington for his state- ments on controversial Issues, has drawn scorching denunciations from a editorial writers and public officials throughout the nation for his most recent remarks. J. R. Chappell "Flannel-mouth talk TOP PROBLEM OF DAY SOLVED Cow Released From Silo After Days Imprisonment The Alsops Definite Policy on Germany By Stewart AIsop Washington Reports from Ber- lin appearing in this space have posed the question, "What sort of What are the real ob- jectives of American policy in Ger- many? This Is as important a question as any that confronts the United States. And It is highly sig- nificant that at long last the United States government is now making a serious effort to find an agreed and intelligent answer. An attempt Is now being made to H draft a whole series of agreed policy ft shed to the llttle door' papers dealing with all aspects' of! The plan was to tie a heavy American policy in Germany. Thejrope around the cow and drag her preliminary drafting Is being done through well lubricated with by a four-man committee, which is the winch. Cheered on Release To get Grady ready, they pulled her fore feet through the door and the doc gave her a massive shot By John Randolph Yukon, drops, cup grease and a strong push- and-pull freed Grady the cow from her silo prison at a. m. (C.S.T.) It was a triumph for the Denver Font, which invaded Oklahoma to rescue this bovine damsel in distress. Grady's captivity ended Just flve days after she bolted into the silo through a by door. She was running away from Dr. L. J. Crump, the "Tukon vet who was treating her. She left the silo with great squirming and clatter of hoofs with Ralph Partridge, farm editor of the Post, pushing her from behind with the help of three others. Dr. Crump was pulling, along with Bill and Charles Mach, Grady's vners. More than 40 early risers gath-j ered In the raw, gray dawn to watch the solution of a problem that stirred North America. When it came down to cases, the liberation was a lot easier than ex- pected and took everyone by prise. A truck with a power winch was standing by 100 feet away with a long cable leading through now quietly meeting two or three times a wsek in the State depart- ment. Chairman of this committee Is George Herman, brilliant chief State department planner. Richard M. Bissell, able: deputy E.C.A. adminis- trator, speaks for the E.C.A., which has a vital Interest in the German problem. Robert Blum, special as- sistant to Secretary of Defense James Forrestal, represents Forres- tal and the defense department. The Army and General Lucius D. Clay, American commander in Ger- many, are represented by Assistant Secretary of War Tracy Vporhees, who may succeed William Draper as under secretary of war and chief Washington spokesman for Genera! Clay. THESE FOUR men will not, of course, make German policy inde- pendently. The policy draft will be referred papers they back to the organizations and individuals they represent, including General Clay. Moreover, each preliminary paper will be sifted through another, higher committee. This committee consists of Secretary of State Dean Acheson as chairman, E.C.A. Chief Paul Hoffman, and Secretary of the Army, Kenneth Royall. If Acheson's committee approves a paper, it will be referred in turn to the National Security council and the President for final decision. What this means is simply that the period of improvising policy in Germany is coming to an end. (Continued on Page 2, Column 3.) ALSOPS Big Flying Boat Takes 207 Aloft Alameda, Calif. The fly- Ing boat Caroline Mars claims the passenger-load world re-cord for, airplanes today. I with his brother Charles, is keeping The Mars Broke the old record, open mind, set at 169 by a German plane in I "Well listen to 'em he said. 1929, in two flights yesterday. I Grady's story might have remained She carried Navy men an untold tale but for the vigilance and four crew men on ajof Robert A. Park, editor of the flight from Alameda Naval air j weekly Yukon Sun. station to San Diego. On the re-j turn trip there were 222 aboard, Dairyland Co-op Power Strike Threat Averted La Crosse, Wis. The latest strike threat against the Dairyland Power Cooperative is no more, union and management officials said last night. "We finally got things settled sat- Clifford S. Elliott, busi- ness manager of Local 953, A.FJJ. International Brotherhood of Elec- trical Workers, said. John P. Madgett, general manager of the utility, which serves about customers in parts of Wis- consin, Minnesota, Illinois and Iowa, said, "We're ______ ___ Co-operative and union officials same" stuff they concluded a four-hour meeting at use In sleeping tablets. Then they gave Grady a tenta- tive heave. p. m. Elliott said a new contract offered by the cooperative conformed with agreements reached January 18. At this moment, the athletic o{ a March 2 nad been apparently decided she wanted on cooperative Thursday There was a sudden scraping of when union officials expressed dis- in- There were scattered cheers and hoofs on the greased wooden with a contract offered underneath her and the Hereford (February 15. burst' out much as she had burst j Madgett said the February 15 con- tract also conformed with the Janu- ary 18 agreements, but that the new everyone posted in the barnyard for contract "clarified" some points in pictures with Grady, Partridge minds of the union officials, the Mach brothers. Ever since the nation heard! about Grady's captivity, Bill Mach was swamped with suggestions. "I heard from 44 to 45 states yes- terday, including Mach said. "They all had ideas. I can't understand it all this fuss for just one cow. People are sure kind- hearted." The plans came from Best Method Sought Bangor, Maine The Bangor Dally Commercial started a contest to find the best method to help Grady, lArmy Day Set For April 6 Tru- _ man yesterday asked observance of filed Thursday. April 6 as Army day. He said the service has earned the tribute by its performance of "Tasks vital to the final establishment of a durable peace." He called upon governors to issue proclamations for the Toronto, Canada Another news- of the day in honor of the organiz- paper opened its editorial columns to suggestions. Toledo, Ohio The Toledo Times appointed a cow editor and started firing Ideas to Mach. Minneapolis A citizen recom- mended grease and a push through the door. "She won't come hard with he said. Atlanta, Ga. The Atlanta Con- stitution suggested a drug to relax Grady so she could be folded up and eased back through the door. This idea also came from Okla- homa's Governor Roy J. Turner, once a farm boy but now an oil millionaire who raises prize Here- fords. "Give her an anesthetic, then she can be put through that little door said the governor. Mach, who runs a ranch with 100 Herefords in partnership Dixie Senators Set to Fight Curb on Debate Plan to Bar Committee Meeting When Senate Meets By Don Wtitehead sena- tors mapped a maneuver today to virtually paralyze Senate activities during their expected filibuster against a change in the rules of debate. Senator Russell (D.-Ga.) said to- day the Dixie group will halt com- mittee meetings while the Senate is in session. That would throw a heavy 'block on some top adminis- tration bills. Normally, senators are busy working on bills in committee while the Senate meets. But this can be done only by unanimous consent of the members. "We will Russell told re- porters, "that the members remain on the floor to hear our arguments against a rules change." Most of President Truman's leg- islative program committee stage. 3s now in the If the southern- ers go through with their plan, the committees would have only the morning and evening hours left for their work. fflmnll said Senator. George (D.- a veteran of 26 years in the Senate, will lead off the debate when a motion is made to bring up an anti-filibuster resolution. This resolution, due for action Monday, would permit the Senate to gag debate at any time by a two-thirds vote of the members. That would threaten the southern- ers with the loss of their main anti-civil rights weapon: The fill- buster. After George has concluded his arguments, Senator Connally (D.- Tex.) will take up the Dixie banner. Connally has 20 years In the Sen- ate. The two veterans, chairmen of the finance and foreign relations committees respectively, were giv- en the lead-off positions because] of their seniority and iiffluence. I Senator Lucas majorltyj floor leader, said a cloture petition to gag the debate probably will be Top Italian, French Reds Promise Aid to Russ Army Truman Recession Forecast Los Editor Gardner Cowles, Jr., said yesterday "what started out last fall to be a normal period of adjustment, when production began catching up with demand, now threatens us with a first class Truman re- cession." In a speech to the Rotary club, the head man of Look ma- gazine, Des Moines Register- Tribune and Minneapolis Star- Tribune declared: "Roosevelt was a piker com- pared to Truman In proposing ways to spend money. Tru- man's budget starting July 1 calls for This is nearly five times what Roose- velt spent In any fiscal year fighting the depression. "Congress Is Jittery over the drop of commodity prices and Increased unemployment, while the administration Inner circle is still fighting inflation and still asking for the entire Truman program of controls. This Is bringing on a healthy break between the White House and Congress." Cowles also predicted the new labor act which supersedes Taft-Hartley "will be more dis- appointing to labor leaders than to Industry." Churchman Admits Guilt in Bulgaria By Richard Kasischke Sofia, Yanko Ivanov, superintendent of the Methodist church in Bulgaria, continued to .denounce himself as a spy in the treason trial of 15 Protestant ministers today. A bald short man of 48, Ivanov told on the second day of the trial how he had collected espionage Information for the British and Ameri- cans on. political, economic and military subjects. He was the second defendant to! take the stand. Yesterday the Nikola Naumov, a Baptist, pleaded! guilty, and in a tone of repentance! declared "the time of communism! has come." He said Bulgarian] churches must get rid of their) British-American contacts as soon] as possible because American mll-j lionaires stand behind the Metho- dist church and "behind the Baptist church stands Rockefeller." Jvanov said he collected Informa- tion through church channels from various pastors and delivered It to Mellony Turner, former principal of the American Methodist-spon- sored Lovech Sofia. school for girls In This would mean that Vice-Presi- dent Barfcley would whether cloture can be Invoked on four of them crew members. The round trip was completed In less than eight hours. The one- way distance Is nearly 500 miles. Lieutenant Commander Robert Hunt of Mapleton, Minn., was at the controls of the big, four- engined plane. Largest number of persons ever carried by any aircraft, the Navy said, was 232 by the dirigible Ak- ron in 1933. Fire Burns Fatal To Two-year-old Patricia Barber died in General hospital today of burns suffered In a fire Friday at her home in Wy- oming, Minn. She was the daughter of Mr, and Mrs. Orlo Barber. Wy- oming is about 25 miles north Minneapolis. of Minnesota Selects Centennial Citizen Minneapolis Minnesota's Centennial citizen is Horace Fam- ham, resident of Minneapolis since his birth nearly 97 years ago. Famham was selected as the state's official citizen to take part in various festivities observing the 100th anniversary of organizing of Minnesota Territory on March 3, 1849. Famham will be 97 April 14. His selection ended a search for the Minnesotan still living In the state who was born nearest the centennial date. Born In 1852 In St. Anthony, Famham in his youth was a lumber- camp cook. He still reads the news- paper without the aid of glasses and takes frequent walks for exercise. Farnham lives -with his daughter Marion at 2412 Freemont avenue South.' siding officers previously have held But even should Barkley ignore that, Russell said, the southerners i ed reserves, the National Guard, the regular Army and "millions of Army which case the filibuster would go veterans who have returned to civil- He said the information was to aid in waging a fight against com- munism and Bulgaria's communist regime. Resumes Testimony He said he had reported that 'economic life is almost stagnant" in Bulgaria, arid that he had sent j information' on the movements of Russian troops, facts on Russian families in Bulgaria and Industrial information, such as the capacity of factories. He resumed his testimony today after spending three hours on the stand yesterday. In the first five and a half hours of his story he had progresser to the events of the winter of 1945. It was not until September, 1947, that Bulgaria was on her own, free of control from the Allied commis- sion of Britain, France, the United Rain, Warmer Weather Bring Flood Threats By The Associated Press. Rising temperatures and rain over some of the flooded areas In the t Midwest threatened new overflows i today. Below freezing temperatures over- night over much of Nebraska, Iowa and -Missouri stemmed the rapid flow of most of the streams and no serious floods were reported. How- ever, several thousand acres of low- lands were Inundated after several days of thawing.- Temperatures in the 40's forecast for Nebraska and rain was Tobias and Reuben H. Markham. j predicted for the southeastern sec- Ivanov said Strong was former the time of Bulgaria's surrender in 1944 until the Bulgarian peace treaty took effect. (The duties of the control com- mission were to see that Bulgaria was carrying out the military and other phases of the armistice.) His recital stuck closely to the 177-page confession which the gov- ernment said he gave in a prelimin- ary examination conducted by Judi- cial Investigators. Naross "Other Americans In addition to Turner, Ivanov mentioned three other Americans with whom he said he had dealt. They were Robert Strong, Robert ,tion. In that area yesterday new I flooding was reported on the Nem- aha river several miles below a point where an ice Jam broke up earlier, relieving an overflow condition near Falls City. Ice Jams also caused overflows of the Republican river in south central Nebraska and on Salt creek near Lincoln. Iowa. Temperatures dropped over It Was Not His "finest hour" as Winston Churchill came to South Hammersmith to support his conservative candidate, An- thony Fell, for election. Fell was defeated by the Laborite candi- date, Tom Williams, but the people show their lasting affection for the wartime premier giving him a rousing round of cheers as he addresses a campaign rally. secretary of the U. S. political mis- sion here, Tobias an official of the World Council of Churches, at Ge- neva and Markham a former mis- sionary in Bulgaria, once acting president of the American school In Bulgaria and later the Balkans cor- despondent for the Christian Science Monitor. Rain also was forecast for western j (Markham was expelled from Ro- Missourl and western and central the central states but the only sub-zero areas were In upper Michigan and northern Wisconsin. The lowest reading was at Grand Marals, Mich. The Army's Job of removing snow in Wyoming was finished and the long operations In Nebraska were expected to be ended today. Relief work in four South Dakota counties still In the disaster area also was expected to be completed soon but the snow removal operations con- tinued in North Dakota. Will Rogers Train Derails in Missouri Springfield, The loco- motive and four mail cars of the Frisco railroad's Will Rogers pas- senger train were derailed and three crewmen were Injured early today. Frank Fulton, 60, of Newburg, engineer, was the most seriously in- jured. Fulton, a mail clerk and an- other crewman were brought to a hospital here. The wreck of the westbound train occurred about 40 miles east of here. mania on orders of Russian authori- ties in 1946.) The witness said Markham went to some villages to visit pastors and obtained information from them. He said all the Americans had given him instructions for opposing com- munism and the communist regime. Canada Quarantines Paralysis Area Ottawa Canada's federal health department yesterday ordered quarantine of square miles of sub-Arctic territory after outbreak of a mysterious malady whose vic- tims die of severe paralysis. The obscure disease struck at Chesterfield Inlet, miles north of Winnipeg, on Hudson Bay's north- western shore. There have been four deaths and 25 cases reported among both whites and Eskimos In the sparsely settled territory. Authorities drew quarantine lines around an area 200 miles square en- compassing Eskimo Point where an- other epidemic took several lives last fall. It is one of the most extensive quarantines in Canada's history, Persons are prohibited from leaving or entering the district. Fight Promised If Truman Takes Speaking Tour By Jack Bell Washington Cff) Republicans promised today a "vigorous" political counter-attack if President Truman takes the fight for Ms congressional program to ths country In a stump- Ing tour. Senator Brewster (R.-Malne) told reporters there won't be any "sweet- ness and light" about his party's backtalk In defense of the Republi- can record In the 80th and 81st Congresses. "There is no question that, so far as thu Republican record Is concerned, It will be very proudly and vigorously presented to the the Maine senator said. National Chairman Hugh D. Scott, Jr., chipped In with the observation that he will "let the President continue to criticize the Democrats while the Republicans go to work." Scott agreed at a meeting yester- day with the Senate campaign com- mittee headed by Brewster and the Senate Republican policy committee, headed by Senator Taft of Ohio, to enlarge a congressional membership The policy group Is charged with deciding whether to hold a national Republican policy conference next fall. Meanwhile, Republicans moved In on Mr. Truman's attack, In his Jefferson-Jackson dinner speech, on the "special interests" he said are trying to hold-up his program in Congress. It was In that speech that the President Indicated he might stump the country In support of his legislative program. Brewster said the President show- ed that he is "Irritated" that Con- gress hasn't done more Senator Lucas of Illinois, the Democratic leader, retorted that the Republicans are "still smarting" over their November election defeat and "just can't take it." Brewster read the menu of the Jefferson-Jackson a plate din- ner. He said it was like Belshazzar's feast. Thumbing hurriedly through a Bible, Senator Pepper (D.-Fla.) came up with the description of the Belshazzar affair In the book of Daniel. Pepper said, "Bel- shazzar was a Republican king. The last feast of Belshazzar was when the Republicans were In power." One Killed, 7 Hurt in Milwaukee Collision person was killed and seven others injured in a truck-auto collision at a south side Intersection late yesterday. Sister Joannlna, 50, of St. Francis hospital, Evanston, H., was dead on entry at county emergency hospi- tal. Two other occupants of the car in which she was riding, Sister Wilberta, 40, also of St. Francis hos- pital, and Albert Mltterer, 42, of Evanston suffered lacerations. Captain H. E. Redlin of the sher- iff's department said the car drove around a large truck which had halted for a stop light and collided with a county park commission panel truck. Five county employes riding In the truck suffered cuts and bruises. They were Thomas Lalasz, Elmer Hoth, Edward Walter, James Vin- son and Anthony Klazbor, all of Milwaukee. Ask Welcome For Soviet's Armed Forces Thorez Statement Condemned by French Chamber Borne Italy's communist chief, Falmlro Togllatti, declared in a published Interview today that the Italian people would have the 'duty to aid in the most efficient way" any Russian army which might be required to pursue "an aggressor" on Italian soil. Togllatti did not specify What form he thought this aid should take. His statement, however, went further than last. declaration by French Communist Leader Maurice Thorez, who said French communists would welcome Russian soldiers If they ever had to chase an enemy onto French soil. The French Chamber of Deputies voted a condemnation Thursday night of French communist lead- ership in connection with the state- ment. There were reports yes- terday that the French government had Instituted legal action against the 84-man central committee of the French Communist party. Some Frenchmen regarded the Thorez statement as next door to treason. Togllatti's interview appeared to- day In the rightist newspaper, Giornale Delia Sera. The com- munists of both France and Italy number'about Togliatti, In written replies to two questions, pledged support sim- ilar to that suggested by Thorez, but added: "I have no information to sup- port the Idea that the Soviet Union has the slightest intention of at- tacking any country." Then he continued: "As to the hypothesis that a Russian army would pursue on our soil an aggressor, I think In this case the Italian people would have the evident duty to aid In the most efficient way the Soviet army In order to give that aggressor the lesson he deserves." April 1 Deadline Off Labor Bill Senate leaders today abandoned plans to try to push the TrumB.n labor bill through Congress by April 1. "It's now apparent that we can't make it by that said Sena- tor Lucas the majority leader. He said action will be "Just as fast as possible." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Light snow or rain and warmer tonight; low 27. Sunday cloudy in the forenoon, clearing In the afternoon and be- coming colder; high 34. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 tours .ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 42; minimum, 15; noon, 36; precipitation, none; sun sets- tonight at sun- rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. 'Prec Chicago...........32 Denver 54 Des Moines........35 Duluth 24 International Falls 21 City .......43 Los Angeles 59 Miami 79 Mpls.rSt. Paul 30 New Orleans ......71 New York 52 Seattle 59 Phoenix ...........72 Washington .......61 Winnipeg .........17 27 32 25 16 13 34 51 65 20 61 33 38 43 36 .35 ;