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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 25, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Generally Fair Tonight, Tuesday.' Not So Cold Dial Winona 3322 To Place Your WANT AD Stat WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 25, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES Withd Master European Defense Plan Set LISBON Portugal 14 Atlantic Allies today end a historic meeting whch produced a master plan for Western Europe's defense Just two problems remained at the final sessions of the North y g an estimated 450.miuion dollar "infrastructure" program to string air bases, communications net- works and headquarters across Europe. The best guesses were at least 40 per cent. Streamlining of the NATO civ- il and economic organization under a permanent secretary-general. 1 A Big 3 Meet Tuesday iviorris A Three meeting Ger' I v iwi many and Austria Tuesday holds U. S. Secretary of State Acheson, French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman and British Foreign Sec- retary Anthony Eden here. They ,will talk chiefly about lifting Al- lied controls on defeated West TODAY rris i OUS OnQ uiz iy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSO? WASHINGTON test of the sincerity those in the Congress who have been bellowing most self- righteously about government cor- ruption should soon be provided. For Newbold Morris, President Truman's new corruption investi- gator, whom nobody has taken very seriously as yet, is about ready to come up with a program for dealing with corruption as se- rious, far reaching, and political- ly explosive as could well be ima- gined. Morris has, moreover, the full backing of Truman. And it will be instructive, and perhaps even rather amusing, to see the reaction in Congress to the Morris program. A lot of people, both in the Con- gress and in the executive branch, have hoped that Morris would quietly ensconce himself in a suite at the Justice Department; read such reports as were made avail- able to him; write an innocuous essay on corruption; and then quietly fade away. Morris has now it abundantly clear that he means to do nothing of the sort. Has Full Support In the first place, Morris has 'sig- nified his desire to be taken out from under the protective wing of Atty. Gen. McGrath so that he can operate entirely independent- Schuman Germany's war industries and try to settle the final size and form of its contribution to western defense. Most of the oth- er delegates and advisers to- day leave Lisbon for their home- lands. They felt they had held the most successful of the North Atlantic council's nine meetings. It told Eis- enhower for the first time just what forces he can count on to resist any Red Army aggression. By the end of 1952, he is due to have in Europe a 50-division, aircraft fighting force with strong naval support. In 1954, this is to grow to about 88 divisions, by the economists' cal- culations, or 100 divisions, if the military men's full target is achiev- ed. This three-year program, the economists estimated, will cost western taxpayers a total of 300 billion dollars. New Responsibility Eisenhower will assume impor- tant new responsibilities. His SHAPE headquarters will mush' Major William T. Whisner of Shreveport, La., stands in the cockpit of his fighter plane in which he became an ace in a dogfight over Korea. Maj. Whis- ner got his fifth MIG when he went to the aid of a fellow pilot. ]y, reporting directly to President room as Allied forces from Ice- Truman. On these points, Truman land to the Dardanelles are uni- fied under a single command. An estimated 200-plus airbases will provide insurance against sud- den attack by Russia's Korean- has given Morris complete sup port. Morris has been promised plenty of office space outside the Justice Department, and a staff of 150 or so, and more than half a million dollars from the Presiden- tial funds, to get on with the job. And he will report straight to Tru- man. Second, as Morris testified in closed session on Capitol Hill last week, he has asked that he be given absolute priority and support in an extraordinary project which Morris believes will lay the ground- work for attacking government corruption at its source. Morris intends to circulate a detailed questionnaire throughout the entire executive branch of the govern- Congress Cool To President's Corruption Quiz WASHINGTON Chairman McCarran (D-Nev) said today he wants his Senate Judiciary Com- mittee to postpone action on Pres- ident Truman's "unparalleled re- quest for revolutionary as McCarran put it, for Corrup- tion Investigator Newbold Morris. In advance of a closed meeting Taft Wants MacArthur to Address Rally Hopes He Might Be Keynoter At Convention By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sen. Taft of Ohio has told col- leagues he is confident Gen. Doug- las MacArthur will give him solid support for the Republican presi- dential nomination when the chips are down at the Chicago conven- tion. Taft would not comment, but friends say he isn't worried about reports MacArthur might be think- ing of himself as a possible nom- inee if a deadlock develops be- tween Taft and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Evidence of Taft's confidence in MacArthur was seen Sunday when he said he favored the general ad- dressing the convention. If he doesj Taft added, he probably would be the keynote speaker. But he sidestepped a direct an- swer to whether he plans to name MacArthur head of the joint chiefs of staff if elected. He said he hasn't been elected yet, and was not announcing any appointments. Taft's supporters regard as sig- nificant that MacArthur did not deny News-Week magazine's art- icle last week that he was a Taft backer. On the other hand, in comment- ing on the same article, MacArthur made it clear he is not support- ing Eisenhower. News-Week said he might support Harold E. Stassen or Eisenhower if either beat Taft. MacArthur denied this in a state- ment, saying he could not back Eisenhower because he didn't know how he stood on many grave is- The Atlantic Council also gave its blessing here to the European Defense Community (EDO. That is a plan for a supra-national Eur- opean force made up of French, Italian, West German, Belgian, Dutch and Luxembourg fighting men. Eisenhower would be in com- mand, just as he would over U. S., British and other forces committed to NATO but outside EDC. The European army is a long vi v-- T ment, excepting only routine of- way from existence still, first fice and manual workers and the I each nation must sign a treaty. President himself. I Then each Parliament must ratify Plans Questionnaire j it. This questionnaire will require Only then can German recruit- all officials to list precisely all! ing begin. sources of income other than gov- ernment pay, what they did for the money, and how many hours they worked to earn it. Answering this questionnaire the answers will of course be kept secret un- less they lead to confront any influence-selling offi- cial with the choice between revealing all or committing per- jury. For this plan to work, two things are required. In the first place, any official refusing to answer must face automatic dismissal. On this point, Morris again has assurances of -Presidential support. Truman has stated flatly that he will fire anyone Morris catches off base, even within the inner White House circle itself. But this is not all that is re- quired. For Morris must also have subpoena powers in order to in- vestigate any official who is dis- missed for refusing to answer the questionnaire, or who resigns rath- er than answer it. Without this Morris might as well pack up and go home. This is the main reason why the subpoena powers which Truman has asked Con'gress to grant Morris, and which only Con- gress can grant, are so all import- ant. The part Truman has played in this situation is interesting. His eagerness to back Morris appar- ently amounts almost to overeag- erness. Truman himself, for ex- ample, has publicly taken respon- sibility for asking Congress to give (Continued on Page 10, Column 2) ALSOPS Eisenhower now has less than 30 divisions combat-ready or avail- able within two weeks. Twenty or more must be built within 10 Today under fighters and bombers, mostly U.S., are in Eu- rope. The year's goal is four times that. to consider the matter McCar- ran declared: "I am going to recommend that we give much more extensive study to this re- quest for author- ity to set up an inquisition, if you proved jets or new long-range! p i e a s e, which bombers. could deny Con- gress access to ra____ important infer- Alexander Wiley mation in its own investigations." Three Republican members of the Ferguson of Michigan, Wiley of Wisconsin and Watkins of said be- fore the meeting that they favor more study of the President's re- quest. Mr. Truman asked that Congress empower Morris to (1) Grant im- munity from prosecution to wit- nesses and (2) Issue subpoenas for persons and documents in his in- vestigation of any wrongdoing in government. A week ago McCarran set up a judiciary subcommittee with him- self as chairman to look into the Truman request for cleanup pow- ers. The group was instructed to report to the full committee today. McCarran said in an interview months to meet the Lisbon targets. he report "no sentiment at all" in the subcommittee for giv ing Morris authority to promise witnesses immunity from prosecu- f Tw Tax Informers Get For Good Tips WASHINGTON If you're fudging on your income tax return this year, better watch out for nosy neighbors. The business of tattling to the government on income tax evaders a booming as never before. The Revenue Bureau reported to- day it paid out half a million dol- lars last year to informers who tipped the government to tax vio- lators by business associates or neighbors. As a result of the tips, revenue agents picked up more in taxes for the fiscal year which ended June 30. All signs indicate this will be an even bigger year for informers, more eviaence 01 ims came citizens pouring in tips on recur- terdav in a statement by Sen. revenue scandals are likely win C. Johnson (D-Colo) that he I to uncover even more tax evasion. sues.- President Truman's friends were reported looking around for a way to beat off what some of them now regard as a threat of victory by Sen. Kefauver of Tennessee in the March 11 New Hampshire pri- mary. One close friend is reported to be "deeply concerned" over the outcome, and hopes something can be done to buck things up for Tru- man there. Sen. Robert S. Kerr of Oklahoma loomed larger as a Democratic Truman doesn't run. He has promise 'of powerful Mid- western and Southern support. More evidence of this came yes Flames And Smoke billowed up from towers of the Skelly Refinery "after an explosion Sunday afternoon at Longview, Tex. Plant Superintend- ent J. D. Waddell said the explosion was caused when a high pressure vapor line burst He esti- Kefauver and MacArthurWill Not Be Entered Stassen-lke Contest Remains Primary Highlight ST. PAUL of Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn) and Gen. Douglas MacArthur (Republican) from the Minnesota presidential primary was permitted under a legal opinion today by Atty. Gen. J. A. Burnquist. Burnquist ruled it is not neces- sary for them to sign affidavits stating they would not accept if nominated. The Minnesota presi- dential primary law specifies such affidavits. Both have notified the sec- retary of state they wish to with- draw their filings, made by peti- tions, but neither has submitted the withdrawal affidavit required by Minnesota law. 3-Way GOP Contest This means that there will be a three-way Republican contest- Harold E. Stassen, Gen. Dwight Eisenhower and Edward C. Slette- dahl. Slettedahl is state chairman of the "Fighters for MacArthur." Sen. Hubert Humphrey remains a favorite son candidate on the Democratic side. He will have no opposition. Burnquist's ruling is almost cer- tain to be challenged before the Minnesota Supreme Court by the group that filed Kefauver and a slate of delegates. Also slated for a contest in the KHARTOUM, Sudan ffi-The lights went on as the sun went cut Supreme Court is the filing of Gen. this here in the capital of the Sudan. The moon covered Eisenhower. Petitions filing his Old Sol completely-for just over three mimites-in a total eclipse name have been challenged on shorUy after 11 a.m. (3 a.m. grounds they were not properly no- Visibilitv seemed favorable for the 70 scientists from 10 countries who had wa'ited here for weeks to record the phenomenon with a great mass of complicated astronomical, photographic and electronic equip- mated damage at thousands of dollars and said the plant would be out of production for about two weeks. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Scientists Study 3-Minute Eclipse support Kerr T Truman! In the past three years, pay- Hnwri't run ments to informers have averaged aoesn t run. m yearj a mendous increase over former years. For 13 years ending in 1948, pay- ments averaged only a year. And the collected last year because of informers' tips compares with an average of only two "million during that 13-year WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and Vicinity Generally fair tonight and Tuesday. Not quite so cold tonight, warmer Tuesday afternoon. Low tonight 12 in city, 8 in country; high Tuesday after- noon 36. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 37; minimum, 11; noon, 29; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 33; minimum, 4; noon, 23; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at period. A revenue official said the chief motives for informers are: Envy of wealthier people, revenge against a former boss, to cash in on informers' fees, and just plain patriotism. Fees up to have been paid for detailed and specific in- formation leading to collection of up to two million dollars in taxes in a single case. The smallest reward is likely to be at least Italian Beauty Thinks Hollywood Actors Too Old to Love? HOLLYWOOD Italian, film beauty's remark that some Hollywood actors are too old to pitch convincing woo drew snickers and snorts from the local movie colony. "It's ridiculous to see a man old enough to be your grand- father playing an ardent Actress Sylvana Pampanini told an interviewer in Some. She named Clark Gable, Charles Boyer, Gary Cooper, Humphrey Bogart, Spencer Tracy, Paul Muni and Ronald Colman as examples who, "stripped of their movie gla- mor, would seem pitiful in the arms of a woman." Said Miss Pampanini: "Hol- lywood needs a bunch of new and the prime of their youth, not men who were born in the last cen- tury." She added with a shud- der, "It's indecent being kiss- Cooper Bacall Tracy Colman ed by an old man." Clark Gable thought''Miss Pampanini's views "enormous- ly but wouldn't com-: ment saying: "I'm not going to get mixed up in that." Mrs. Humphrey Bogart, Lau- ren Baeall, whose husband was yachting yesterday, rose to the defense of local males. .-..-f'Somc of these girls will do anything for she said. think there's life in the Old boys yet. After all it took tfiem years to know what they were doing, and now that they know it, we women should be thankfuL" Mrs. Charles Boyer, whp an- swered the phone while her 'husband was showering, said she was "quite nauseated" by Miss Pampanini's remarks, adding: "She seems to be quite young and a beginner. She's quite welcome to her opinion." After checking with Boyer, she said, "He thinks the same." Mrs. Spencer Tracy said she didn't think her husband would comment. "I think it's pretty siUy.tAs a matter of fact there are quite a number of young girlfewho rather like older said. Sfis': Colman wouldn't both- er her husband either. She said: "Whoever this Miss Pum- pernickel of 1952 is, if she wants the bobby-soxers I'd say let her have Cooper and Muni were re- ported out of town. Their wives weren't available either. ment. From their observations, and aft- er a lot of calculation and study, they hope to find out more about what's around and behind the sun, whether Einstein was right'about relativity and how wrong are some of the world's maps. The sky was clear and the weath- er was cool. No sand was blowing from the surrounding desert. The teams of come here from the United States, Britain, the Nether- lands, France, Italy, Greece, Can- ada, Egypt, Austria and Switzer- land. Though Russia sent no experts to Khartoum for the big show, pre- sumably they were making their own observations at home. The eclipse, or enough of it to make ob- servation worthwhile, was to be seen along a route, about 70 miles wide and curving from somewhere in the Atlantic between Brazil and Africa, across Africa and the Arabian and Persian gulfs to the Irkutsk region of Soviet Si- beria. Astronomers calculated that, in the Khartoum area, the moon's shadow started across the sun's face at a.m. CST) slipped off the eastern side at a.m. Visible in Cairo The eclipse also was partially visible in nearby areas outside the arc of the total blackout. In Cairo, where Helwan observatory made its own observations, 70 per cent of the sun was covered at the maximum. Londoners also watch- ed, and called it a pretty good show, though the Greenwich Ob- servatory treated it with indiffer- ence since the traverse arc was so far away from overhead. The United States, still in dark- ness, didn't see anything. The scientists' findings won't be known for months, after elaborate computations and study of the numerous photographs and record- ings. But here are some of the things they hope to find out: 1. More about what's way out in space, behind the sun. When the orb is in full blaze, its light blacks out the less visible stellar bodies behind it. With the bright sunlight reduced and finally cut off, things around it and farther away should show up. 2. Proof or disproof of Albert Einstein's famous relativity theory the sun's gravity field bends light rays from stars pass- ing close to it, making those-stars look where they aren't, as Einstein reasoned 37 years ago. How wrong are some dis- tances shown on today's maps. Ev- en if they are only a few hundred feet off, that could make a vast difference in the looming age of ets. Death Penalty For Two Atomic Spies Upheld NEW YORK U. S. Court of Appeals unanimously affirmed today the death penalty imposed on atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosen- berg. The couple has been kept in the death house at Sing Sing prison since conviction of funneling atomic secrets to Soviet agents. The Appeals Court decision was announced by the court clerk's of- fice. The death penalty, imposed aft- er a federal court trial, was de- scribed as the first such penalty ever meted out in peace time by a civilian court in the United States for espionage. Kidnap Charge Drawn Against Montreal Youth MONTREAL Police today prepared a kidnaping charge against 16-year-old Kobert Pate- naude, who told them he didn't know just why he made off with his boss' three-year-old daughter but he "wanted money." Police said Robert, who whiled away the time in- his jail cell with a comic book, added that had he gotten the he demanded, "probably J would have buried it somewhere." Young Patenaude and the child, Barbara Nemeroff, were picked up in a shopping crowd on Montreal's main street Saturday. She was re- turned, apparently unharmed, to her parents, Morris Nemeroff and his wife. Police said the youth denied he bad a grudge against his employer, who operates a leather goods shop. Earlier, they said, Patenaude told them Nemeroff had refused him a raise. Patenaude allegedly grabbed the child from a maid at the Nemeroff home Friday night, leaving a ran- som note demanding on the way out. A woman saw the youth and the little girl walking on the street next morning, recognized (UIiereilLe U1C iUULUlllg ailCCb UCAt remote-controlled planes and rock- them from broadcast descriptions and called the police. ;arized. Primary Law Requirement Burnquist said the requirement of the primary law that a person must sign an affidavit stating he is not a candidate if he wishes to withdraw is both Arbitrary and un- reasonable. "After the name of a proposed presidential candidate is filed in Minnesota, with or without his con- Burnquist ruled, "the situa- tion may for many valid reasons become' such that he will be unable or unwilling to conduct a campaign in our state although desiring to continue his candidacy elsewhere. "In such circumstances, and oth- ers of a like nature, this require- ment would, in my opinion, be arbitrary and unreasonable, and, therefore, invalid." Burnquist emphasized that Min- nesota has no power to limit the right of any qualified citizen to continue his candidacy for the presidency in other states as a condition for a withdrawal in this state. Law Termed Unfair "The second statement that a proposed presidential candidate is required to make under oath in order to bis name as a candidate is that, if nominated by the party for whose nomination he has been filed, he will not ac- Burnquist's ruling said. "That requirement is likewise unfair and invalid. "Such an oath would arbitrarily restrict the selection of a can- didate for the presidency. That kind of a restriction is one that neither Minnesota nor any other state has the authority to impose as a condition for withdrawal'ot a presidential candidacy. "The right of a person not to have an unauthorized filing for a nomination forced upon him is, in my opinion, an inherent right and a personal liberty of which no American citizen can be deprived. Filings Unauthorized "Compelling an American citizen to be a candidate when he is op- posed to being one would be de- priving him of what may be of much more importance to him than his property, the taking of which without his consent by an individual is a crime and by the government without just com- pensation is illegal. "The filings of the proposed can- didates for the presidential nomi- nation here involved were unau- thorized by them and against their wishes. In such a situation it is clear that no legislative restric- tions such as those referred to can be applied for the prevention -of withdrawals. "The requests of the proposed candidates should be granted and their names should not be included, on the presidential primary bal- lots." Burnquist quoted from decisions of the U. S. Supreme Court and high courts of several states, including North Dakota, to sup- port his findings. If You Want to Vote You Must Be Registered Before Wednesday ;