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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 25, 1949, Winona, Minnesota COLD TONIGHT, WARMER SATURDAY SUPPORT YOUR Y.M.C.A. VOLUME 49, NO. 8 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 25, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Air Preparedness Speed-up Asked This Wild Mother Bear wasn't in good humor as a flashbulb helps end her winter nap deep in the hills of Pike county, Milford, Pa., where John H. Lohman, Jr., Pennsylvania game protector, waited for hours for Mama Bruin to show herself. Lohman, who took the unusual picture on February 15, said newborn cubs could be heard in rear of cave and under such conditions female bears are dangerous. Nine feet was the closest he could get to this bear, he said. Game protectors checked hibernation of six bears last fall but this bear was the only one of the six which would come part way from their winter den homes. (A.P. Wlrephoto.) Truman Threatens To Stump U. S. for Legislative Program By Jack Bell Truman's notice that he may.j the country for his legislative program drew a "hop to it" response? Republicans today. Mr. Truman, in the down-to-earth lingo he used successfully in last year's campaign, told enthusiastic Democrats at Jefferson-Jackson day dinners last night that Republicans are trying to "cripple" labor unions General Motors Corp. Reduces Prices, Wages Workers Take Less As Living Costs Drop By Harold W. Ward Motors Corporation today cut prices and wages as the cost of living index dropped for the fourth straight month. The price cuts ranged from to on all G. M. passenger auto- mobiles and Chevrolet trucks. The wages, tied to the cost of living index, were reduced two cents an hour for produc- tion workers. The firm's salaried employes took a flat cut in quarterly living allowances. G. M., the nation's biggest auto maker attributed the price cuts partly to the pay reductions and partly to lower costs of certain materials. The wage reduction was esti- mated to save to JOOO.OOO annually in the production workers' payroll. These savings, G. M. said, are being passed along immediately to the consumer. It was G. M.'s first price cut since the war. The individual reductions on Chevrolet, Pontiac, Oldsmobile, Buick and Cadillac will be an- nounced later. The company also Indicated that price cuts will be made later by the GMC truck and coach division. First Cut for Workers It also was the first wage for G. M. workers under the cor- poration's unusual two year .con- tract with the C.I.O. United Auto Workers. The wages are pegged to the ups ana downs of the gov- ernment's cost of living index. The The Alsops Germany To Remain Divided By Joseph AIsop Berlin By any test, remarkable! and hold minimum "starvation level." wages to a And the capacity crowds cheered as he declared that "special inter- ests" on Capitol hill may compel him to board a train again soon "to tell the people how their government Is getting on." The Republicans, the President charged, want to destroy the farm prica support program and force upon the government a "do noth- ing" policy which would let the American economy pression." "slide into a de- contract still has .more than a year to run, The Index showed today that from December 15 to January 15 the retail prices of goods and serv- ices purchased by moderate-in- come city families declined to 0.3 per cent. The latest Index (January 15) was still 1.2 per cent higher than a year ago, 28.2 per cent over June, major price con- trols were 73.3 per cent above the August 1939 level. The index has now dropped 2.1 per cent below the record, which was in August and Septem- ber of 1948. The December-Janu- ary reduction was attributed more ;o lower prices for apparel and louse furnishings rather than lower j Harvey R. Wallace, left, holds his 18-month-old son, Terry, in a neighbor's home early Thurs- day morning at Riverside, Ga., after flames from an exploding oil stove engulfed his home, burning his wife and four of his five children to death. Mrs. Wallace, visiting a neighbor with the baby, rushed back into the flaming home, in a futile aitempt to save the sleeping children. The neighbor, occu- pant of the other half of the two-family dwelling, carried the baby to safety. Mr. Harvey had 1 left for work a short time be- fore the explosion. Dead are Vera, ten; Shirley, eight; Leon, five, and Patsy, three. (A.P. Wirephoto.) Bulgaria Begins Trial of 15 Protestants Sofia, Bulgaria. The trial of 15 Protestant churchmen opened today with a plea of guilty by Nikola Naumov, a Baptist minister, to crimes against the Bulgarian state. The 15 clergymen are accused of treason, espionage and black market money dealings. Naumov is one of the four princi- pal defendants and a member of the supreme council of the United Evangelical churches. Even before the trial started the government said all had made confessions. Naumov was the first defendant to take the witness stand. Speaking In a loud, firm voice, he Airport for Houston County More Asked Proposed; Four Sites Studied For Air Force To this, most Republicans had one food prices. However, drops wereitold the court> "J am _______ t r J -r-orr-r-n-t- fn-f c- o iTn recorded on meats, eggs, fats and President first find out oUs> and dalry products. answer: Let the how he stands with his own party; progress has been achieved in Ger- then let him appeal to the people. many. here i The time when i whole nation you found living as What of Majority? Senator Brewster of Maine, chair- scavengers among the ruins is draw- Ing to a close. The simplest proof lies in the fact that Industrial out- put in the merged Anglo-American zones has risen by 250 per cent since 1947. To be sure, this brings production up to only three-quarters of the 1B36 average, and western Germany now has millions more mouths to feed on the same poor acreage. Yet rations have already been increased to an average of calories daily. The shattered cities are beginning to be repaired. The ordinary Ger- man, after three years of slow star- vation, is beginning to experience a Soon after the G.M. announce- ment, its Chevrolet division report- ed, briefly, that a reduction would become effective today on all man of the G.O.P. senatorial cam- its passenger cars and trucks, paign committee, said the Presiden seems to forget that he has a Dem ocratlc Congress. "What's become of his majority in both Brewster asked. "Th 81st Congress must be worse than he said the 80th was." Senator Taft (R.-Ohlo) said Mr Truman is all wrong in attacking the Tart-Hartley labor law. Taf said he thinks Mr. Truman will fine that out in any check of the country. Senator Bricker (R.-Ohio) said li seems to him that the President rec- ognizes that his own party doesn' agree with him. Senator Morse (R.-Ore.) remarkec that if the Truman program has the school of bogged down, as the President seem- sort of drab sufficiency. Perhaps this will disturb thought that blandly approves "because there starvation for tens of millions no unjted support on the Demo- human beings. The more civilized cratic side of the aisle! must warmly admire General Lu-j ..He is trying to cover up the split cius D. Clay for jamming through the needed measures in the teeth of passive resistance at home and bitter opposition abroad. But all thinking men must also recognize that the material Improvement in Germany does not help much to solve the crucial German problem As It has developed, the German problem now has three fundamental elements, all three of which need to be squarely faced without further delay. FIRST, SOVIET policy -In Ger- many has been frustrated by the failure of the Berlin blockade. There is no ground for the fear that west Germany may be attracted into the Soviet orbit, unless the western powers behave downright insanely. Indeed, so long as Berlin remains an Island of freedom, the Soviets will have the utmost difficulty in organizing even their own zone to suit their purpose. Second, the orderly British for- eign office accepted the permanent division of Germany as a basic policy assumption more than a year ago. This is true because the west- ern powers'cannot allow Germany to be united-under Soviet auspices, while the Kremlin will not tolerate many. If they cannot make all of Germany Into a satellite, the Soviets will hang onto their' own zone. Hence the division will endure. Third, in these circumstances, the In his own Morse said. That split still was apparent, de- spite Mr. Truman's surprise victory last November. Mother Kills Self, Two Smal! Children Winnipeg Police said to- day a young widowed mother shot two of her four children to death yesterday, then killed herself. Authorities said Mrs. August Klate, 30, fired rifle bullets. Into the heads of her three-year-old daughter, Ethel Ann, and five-year- old son, Johnny, then turned the gun on herself. They said she left notes containing instructions for the care of two other sons, 10 and 13 years old. Truman Nominates Envoy Israel President Tru- man today chose James Grover Mc- Donald tx) be the first United States ambassador to Israel. McDonald has been special rep- resentative of the United States in Israel since June 22. It had been understood that he would be made .ssador after full recognition of (Continued on Page 7, Column 5.) jthe Jewish state. That recognl- ALSOPS was extended some time ago. Buick announced its reductions will range from to Other reductions: Pontiac: off on all models. Oldsmobile: off on the "76" series and off on the "88" and '98" series. Cadillac: off on the "61" and '62" series, off on the "60 spe- cial" and off on the series "75." expressed regret for his activities. He then went into a two-hour discourse on his actions which the government alleges are treasonable. AM 15 Present All 15 'defendants, who ars ac- cused of spying for Britain and the United States, were in court for opening ceremonies. They sat on five front benches, with 15 unarmed for each defendant. Dressed- in his black clerical suit, Naumov said he had worked for American espionage agents and had delivered military and other infor- mation to Cyril Black, then secre- tary of the U. S. political mission. Commissioners Consider Building Program Caledonia, Minn. A planning and construction program which would provide Hous- ton county with Ifs first airport development will be considered by the board of county commissioners when it meets here March 8. With state funds totaling already allocated for a county air- port project and four sites proposed for location of the development, the county board will take action on requests of numerous county civic and service organizations that an airport construction program be drafted for 1949-50. State funds for the construction were made available last June in. an allocation by the governor's legisla- tive advisory committee to the state aeronautics department for the development of an airport site in Houston county. Funds Available Should the county board approve ;he proposed program, federal funds would be available to augment the state appropriation and the county would supply approximately one- sixth of the total cost. Under pres- ent plans, the county's share of the financial load would amount to ap- proximately A tentative allocation of federal funds already has been authorized for the program. The movement for airport con- traction In Houston county got un- der way approximately two years ago when a group of private air-1 jlane owners In the county enlisted iie support of Spring Grove civic lubs for a program of airport de- there. Plans for the airport were con- sidered by Spring Grove groups for everal months. Last August, rep- esentatlves of Interested'groups In Spring Grove and Caledonia met with Les Schroeder, director of the ;ate department of aeronautics and, at his suggestion, the airport irogram was placed on a county- wide basis. Federal Aid Assured When It was determined that the aunty was definitely Interested in n airport construction, the apartment Intervened In Its be- lalf to place Houston county In he national airports program and >ecure a tentative allocation of 00 In federal funds for the project. Tht county, board's approval of n airport plan Is necessary to ie realization of construction and uch a plan must be drafted be- fore the allocation of state funds expire at the end of the fisca year July 1. The funds could be reallocated at a later date, how ever. The federal funds authorized would not be available until after July 1. At the A Purebred Hereford cow who got Into a concrete silo through the small door she peers through seems content In her circular prison. But Owner Bill Mach of Yukon, Okla., Is not con- tent as he looks at her and wonders how she got In and how to get her out. (AP. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Lowlands Flooded In 3 Midwest States By The Associated Praw Flood waters covered thousands of acres of lowlands and cut high way travel in parts of three Midwest states today. Recent mild temperatures sent a flow of snow water into manj streams In parts of Nebraska, Iowa and Missouri. The possibility ol serious floods along the big Missouri river arose with a Weather bureau March meeting of the resolutions from and Spring Grove Com mercial clubs, posts of the Ameri can Legion and Veterans of For- eign Wars and other groups will be presented requesting action on the airport plan. The county Justifies Its request (Continued on Pace 13, Column 5.] HOUSTON COUNTY has moved additional troops to Nor- way's Arctic border, according to an authoritative Finnish source. The Informant said the troop movement was observed last week and' apparently was In connection with Norway's stand on the proposed North Atlantic pact with the United States. The source, who refused to permit use of his name, had no estimate of the number of troops, but said they had been moved close to Nor- way's 122-mile border from the Mur- mansk area. Russia gained a common frontier with Norway in the peace settle- ment with Finland In which Fin- forecast of warmer weather In the northern plains. An estimated acres of land were under water In southeast Ne- braska as the Nemaha river and several other small streams over- flowed. The Missouri river was fil- tering through Ice Jams from Oma- ha south to a point below Atchison Kan. Several highways In southern Nebraska were Inundated. Several small streams In Iowa were out of their banks and spilled water over highways and side roads Overflows from the Iowa river measured six inches deep In two Helsinki, Finland Russia Places but traffic was not halted Russia Moving More Troops to Norse Border By Gustav Svensson and ceded the Petsamo region to the Soviet union. The Informant said there was no sign of similar troop movements to the Finnish border. Norway has a Iowa during the night. 450-mile border with Finland In the north, also. Last year Finland and Russia concluded a friendship and mutual assistance pact. Finland's leaders have interpreted the pact as excluding the possl- WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS __ _ Winona and vicinity: Fair and bmty'of Russia sending troops "into continued cold tonight; low 16 In heir country unless Finland agrees there Is a threat of uggression against the Soviet union. Moscow dispatches recently re- ported considerable i critical com- ment against the Finnish govern- ment In the Moscow press, at about lie same time Russia was making ler all-out attacks on the projected North Atlantic alliance. This alii ance would link the United States and Canada with the Brussels pow- ers of Britain, Prance, Belgium, the Miss Patricia Frayne of St. Bernard, Ohio, Is presented with a resolution of congratulations adopted by the Minneapolis city council today. Fire Chief George Lockhart presents the scroll In Minneapolis as Mayor Eric C. Hoyer, left, and City Clerk Charles Swanson watch. Miss Frayne, a stranger to town, is being married in Minneapolis tomorrow and to make sure the church will not be empty the city's firemen will attend. The bridegroom Is Frank Bottenhorn of Cincinnati. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Re- publican-Herald.) Netherlands and Luxembourg. Foreign Minister Halvard M. inge this week declared his coun- try pins its security on the North Atlantic alliance. water at Deep River, Iowa. Thousands of acres in the Prince- ton, Mo., area, were Inundated yes- terday when the. Grand river over- flowed Its banks. The Missouri spread over Its sanies in parts of Montana near its headquarters and more serious flooding threatened. At Kansas City, Bed Cross, Army and federal agen- cies' officials met yesterday and mapped plans for a possible flood emergency. Moderately cold air spread over ;he north central states today, but lie U. S. Weather bureau predicted warmer weather tomorrow. The nercury dropped to a low of nine >elbw at Grand Forks and hit sub- zero marks In other parts of North Dakota and northwest Minnesota, Temperature drops of 15 to 25 de- grees were reported In Nebraska and Congressman Vinson Presses President To Approve Program By Howard Dobson Washington Representa- tive Vinson (D.-Ga.) has appealed in person to President Truman lor an speed-up In tho nation's air preparedness program. Vinson, chairman of the House armed services committee, stM today he has asked the President to request the money so the Air Force can get on with Its five-year plan for building up a combat strength of 70 groups. "I don't know whether I con- vinced Vinson told a re- porter, "but I gave him all the facts. He is considering It." They met Wednesday at tht White House. All Vinson would say immediately after their long talk was that they had discussed the 70-group Air Force. Today, however, he supplied re- porters with some of the details >f their talk. These are some of the figures he gave Mr. Truman: 1. Congress gave the Air last year to buy air- craft during the fiscal year ending June 30 this year. It had to spend some of It on plant Improvement, and i with the remaining bought and created a 59-group force. 2. The defense budget President Truman laid out for the fiscal year >eglnninar this July 1 carries for buying planes. would buy of them, and pro- vide a 48-group Air Force. 3. An additional would buy 702 more planes, and provide the men and other equip- ment for 57 groups. This would >e a second-year step towards Air Force goal of reaching 70 groups by 1952-53 fiscal year. U.S. Offers To Pay Third of World Relief By Charlei A. Gromlch take Success The United tates laid before the United Na- ons today the broad outlines of 'resident Truman's "bold new pro- ;ram" for long-range betterment of underprivileged areas the world !er. The first major policy statement ere on the fourth point In Mr. Tru- man's Inaugural address was given the 18-nation economic and :al council by Assistant Secretary if State Wlllard L. Thorp. There was no mention of how much money the United States might put up or how private capital the city, 12 in the country. Satur- ould participate as proposed by Jr. Truman, but Thorp told the ouncil: "In order to safeguard the cp- peratlve nature of the enterprise nd the International character of ie organization sponsoring it, no ne country should be expected to ssume all or most of the financial urden of the expanded program." Will Fay Third In this connection observers re- alled that the United States has jntended It should pay no more nan one-third of the annual U. N. udget but has agreed reluctant- to carry nearly 40 per cent of the costs. Thorp suggested many coun- tries might contribute goods, serv- u. U.J. uuuw HJ.G2, Ullgulf OC1V- day Increasing cloudiness with slow- jces and local currencies In lieu of ly rising temperature; high 34. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 37; minimum, 16; noon 25; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota and peratures will average 2-4 degrees' below normal. Normal maximum 27 northern Minnesota ranging to 35 southern Wisconsin to 21 south- ern Iowa. Rising temperatures Saturday and Saturday night be- So far Norway has not replied to'coming colder Sunday and Mon- a proffered nonaggression pact. But Informed sources at Oslo have made it plain the wffer will be rejected. Recently Swedish sources In Stockholm expressed fears that Rus- sia might strengthen her forces on both the Norwegian and Finnish borders as a counter-measure to the North Atlantic negotiations. Sweden recently offered a full military alliance to Norway and Denmark on the condition that they adopt Sweden's traditional policy of neutrality in big power politics. Norway was unable to agree to day and warmer again Tuesday. Precipitation will average less than one-tenth inch occurring as snow flurries north and very light rain or snow south Saturday or Saturday night. None of conse- quence Sunday through Wednes- day. ____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Chicago 44 Los Angeles .......58 New York .........49 Washington .......55 Duluth 26 International Falls 19 ;he proposal, however, and is pre- Miami 75 paring to line up with the western rowers. Denmark lias not yet chosen.her course. Mpls.-St. Paul New Orleans Winnipeg 36 77 3 26 50 42 45 4 3 66 10 62 7 20 32 .01 .04 .02 .01 hard money. Thorp urged the council to take up a three-point program he said the United States would offer u a resolution. It proposes that: 1. The U. N. and its special- ized agencies prepare a co-ordi- nated "concrete program" for consideration by the council at Its summer session In Geneva. 2. "The report cover wayi and means for arranging for financial expansion" to support projects undertaken on recom- mendation of the U. N. and agencies. 3. The report Include recom- mendations for co-ordination of planning, execution and control. "The timetable for attainment of these objectives of economic develop- ment, is measured in decades, not in Thorp told the council. "The reorientatlon of the way of life of millions of people can come only gradually. However, with a bold lew program of technical co-opera- tion the United Nations can hasten significantly economic development." Thorp re-emphasized President Truman's pronouncement that the jrogram would foster private capi- tal investment In needful areas with reasonable assurances that it would be protected. ;