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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 24, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w Mo-Mr cloudy with iiflii flu rrlm Ion If lit fcnd Full Leaied Wire Newt Report of The Associated Press F OLLOW Steve Canyon Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations On HACK VOLUME 47. NO. 6 WINONA. MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 24, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES 11 Army Fliers Rescued After Greenland Crash 4 Kenosha Youths Killed When Car Crashes Into Tree Racine, Wl.i. Four Krnotha youths were killed late Saturday when their car rruxh- ed into a after leaving highway 20 on a ciirvr iibont It. west of here. Thry were Identified UK: Parker W, Orr, I'J; rhllllp Hrndrlekjon. 18; John Koytlck, 51; Lebrecht I'au.ichcrt, 20. All four apparently were, kill- ed outright. The driver believed to have been Orr ivho wan on leave from tho marine corps and who hue! purchased thr automobile several affo. A Racine rescue cut the rlctlm.1 from the wreckage with acetylene Stassen Reaches Brussels on Tour of Europe E. Stnsscn, Minnesota aspirant lor the Repub- lican presidential nomination, ar- rived today on his projected two months' tour of Europe. Tho nir trip from New York took morn than 48 boum becau-ic of bad weather. Stiuwn hopes to sor Prime AttlM and Stalin nnd tho head of 17 other countries. Ho will leave for Paris tomorrow, Stassen is accompanied by Jay Cooler, former Kepubllcan city chairman in Philadelphia. (Cooko, was wounded by machine gun fire In France and hus not been ac- tive politically ,-iince the war began. He was long allied with the Pew forces In the Kepubllcan party, but there have been reports in Philn- drlphtn lately that he waa at odds the Transport Plane Picks Up on Nearby Lake I.add Field, Fairbanks, army air forces fliers whose plane crashed on the west coast of Greenland were rescued today and llown to Thule, Greenland, the iirmy reported here. Search headquarters at Ladd Field received word thot on army trans- port command plane landed on a lake near the crash scene and pick- ed up the men, all apparently un- injured, at n. m., Fairbanks lime a. m. The rescue plane was not Identi- fied further, but officers here as- sumed it was one based at New-1 foundland. Mllei From Fairbanks The crash scone was located by General Atkinson as 200 miles north of Thulc, a distance of more than northeast of Fairbanks. Radio contact established ycstcr- New Plan for Labor Drawn City Bond Bills Set for Friday Taxpayers Group Not to Oppose Measures Hearings on bills before the state egislature which would permit Wl- lona to issue in bonds for ivic improvements will be held at he state capltol in St. Paul Friday morning. The senate's municipalities com- mittee will hold its hearing at 9 m. and the house committee hear- ing is se't for 10 a. m. Just who will represent Winona at the hearings was undetermined today. The city council, meeting tonight at the city building, will discuss who will represent the city day brought a pica for coal from tho at the hearings, Council President Von Papen Hundreds of Given Long Prison Term mnroonod men. No request for medi- cal Huppllcs was made, indicating nono of tho men was injured. A two- week supply of food was dropped Saturday by tho Alaskan air com- mand search the. filers. plane wHlch located S. D. Supreme Court Upholds Sitts Conviction The South Dakota Pierre supremo court today affirmed the murder conviction of George S. Sets. 33. St. Paul, Minn., sentenced to die In the state's electric chair for the slaying of State Agent Tom Matthews near Spcarflsh January 24. 10-lfl. Sltts' execution was ordered by Sentencing Judge Chnrles R. Hayes, Deadwood. for the week of April C, 3947. nt the state penitentiary in Sioux Falls. His attorney, John T, HcfTron, Dfudwood, contended the Jury a trial wns improperly draw: because of bios on the part of ai officer who summoned Jurors, tha the state wttjt allowed an cxccBSlv number of premptory challenges In selection of the Jury and that cvl dencc was Insufficient. The supreme court's opinion said "In the process of selecting a Jury the regular panel was exhauxtcc some of the vcnlrcmcn wero challenged by the defendant on the pround that Robert Thomas, who summoned the panels was, at the time, n deputy sheriff of Lawrence county; thnt Sheriff J. O, Twlford who appointed Thomas, had there- fore been disqualified, and that the disqualification of the sheriff equal- ly disqualified the deputy sheriff." It said the sheriff testified as a witness for the state which was admitted in evidence nt the trial without objection. "The fuels submitted were Wholly Insufficient to establish bins of the the court sulU. The Kec Bird went down Friday when it bccamo lost and ran out of gn.i while on n photographic mission. Truman Asks American Aid For Refugees Tru- man today nskcd Congress to nuth- orlzc tho United States to participate In an international refugee organi- zation, Mr. Trumnn said Jn n message there arc more than 1..000.000 dis- placed persons still in Germany, Austria, and Italy, and told Con- gress: "Almost two-thirds of these ore under United States" trol. Tho Allied military victory over purpose Is the gathering of tax In- von Papen denazification court today to serv eight years at hard labor. John W. Dugan aald. Not Opposed A current rumor that the Minne- sota Taxpayers' association will op- pose tho proposed bond issue for Lake WJnona dredging, the Prairie Island road construction and sewer developments was spiked today by C. D. Tenrse, Wlnonn, vice-presi- dent ol the association. "The association has never dis- cussed said Mr, Tenrse, "and we certainly haven't taken a stand on It. It only meets once a year. The association is a nonpolitlcal, un- prejudiced organization whose sole Sentence was imposed by the Pleads for More Argentine Meat London Britain him ap- pealed to Argentina for rush xhlp- mrnts ot me At to avert u further cut thr present ration. the Axis powers brought with It practical and moral respcrnslMUty with reference to victims of the ?noncllnK AxlK." Problem International Mr.. Truman recalled that the general assembly of the United Nations agreed that (1) The problem of displaced persons was interna- tional In scope. (2) Kvery effort should be made to facilitate the repatriation of displaced persons de- siring, to return to their homes and (3) Those with valid objections to returning homo should be cared for by an international agency until new homes arc found for them. The U.N. economic and. noclal council, the President paid, recom- mended establishment of the organ- ization and submitted tho draft of a proposed constitution. Warren Aus- tin, United States U.N. representa- tive, signed the constitution subject to approval by Congress. Need Cited In requesting this approval, Mr formation. It is a, library of In- formation. 'It stays away from all fights. It's not fighting .anything." Asked Jf he would be in St. Paul Friday at the hearing, Mr. Tearse replied he would ,be in Winona. Reduction Asked Although Mr, Teorse's comments Indicate that the association will not oppose the bills authorizing the bond issues; the association has tak- en a stand on the federal budget, where it has urged n reduction. On February 13 the association told Its members that is enough for federal government spending in tho flscal year of 1048. It asked Its members thon to sup- port congressional efforts to apply drastic cuts to the proposed federal budget. Tho bills' In the' state legislature ask authority to Issue In bonds for the completion of the lake dredging, for construction of sewers and lift stations and for improvements to the Prairie island road. The money ear-marked for sewer expansion would permit the city to build lift stations in the East and the West End and to lay inter- Truman said it wn.s of the "utmost Importance" that the organization be ustnblishcd ntt soon as possible. He added: "It would indeed be serious Jf It were not in a position to begin op- erations on July 1 of this yenr. "It Is not unreasonable that many of the other potential members of ;he international refugee organiza- tion should watch closely the atti- tude of tho United States before making their own definite commit- ments. I feel sure that with the firm and prompt leadership of the Unit- id States, this organization will be n n position to function ns an in- ernntlonnl body to perform an cs- icntial international ceptor sewers from tho far west end of the city across the south side and down the cast side to the disposal station. The extensions of sewer service to Individual properties would be assessable and the cost of such extensions arc not Included in this estimate. The proposed development of the Lutsch Island road is motivated by the need for protection of the new municipal airport in high water stages. It would serve as a road and as a dike. Legislative approval of the 000 bond issue for the lake would permit the city to complete the dredging project according to a plan approved when the dredging was begun a number or years ago. Of ------.........____, ,he fund, would be assigned j island, across Havana bay from Ha- seven-man court after it had found the former reichschancellor and am- bassador guilty as n "major offen- der" who helped Hitler to power and stayed with the Nazi regime to the end. The court also ordered Von Pa- pen's personal fortune confiscated Von Papen was acquitted of war crimes charges only lost October by the national military tribunal which sentenced .Hermann Goering and ten other Nazi leaders to death fol- lowing a history-making trial here. The one-time Nazi diplomat now in '68, arid has hardening of the ar- teries. re- garded' as tantamount to a" life" term. ..At the denazification trial, he In- sisted thot after the Fuehrer camo to power, he; like all others was helpless to Intervene. Von' Papen said that he had op- posed the union of Austria with Ger- many when he wcs ambassador to Austria-and had worked for pence as-ambassador to Turkey. The court, however, ruled that his possession of a gold Nazi party badge, however honorary, and lack; of evidence of any break with Hitler to justify his convic- tion. At the same time court announced Nazis Seized In New Raids Group Planned to Restore Armed Might of Germany By Richard Kaisischke Berlin Hundreds of die- hard Nazis were reported in Allied custody today after a swift round- up of a reputett Germany-wide un- derground movement which claimed o have a secret bacteriological weapon and was aimed at restoring Germany's armed might. United States and British soldiers ,nd intelligence men, despite a snow- ;torm' any icy roads, yesterday seized oce-high officers of the old SS elite SA (storm Hitler youth, German intelligence ind other similar agencies in the biggest such movement since the war the' first to cover two zones. New Weapon Claimed A British senior intelligence officer said- the movement claimed pos- session of a secret bacteriological weapon ready for use. Other officers declared they had not learned for sure whether the group had such a weapon. U. S. authorities reported the ar- rest of some 30 suspects and British authorities the arrest of "hundreds" in the respective zones. Soldiers seal- ed off streets and intelligence agents went into houses they long had been watching. The British said the movement stretched into the Russian and French' zones and authorities there were being kept posted. They reported the Underground wanted to restore German militarism and Nazi dictatorship to "lead the nations of Europe against Russia." Time for Clcan-Up Lieutenant General Lucius D. 'lay, American military governor- designate, said U. S. officials did not consider the group "particularly dangerous" but "though It was time x> move in and clean them up." A British spokesman said: "De- spite their silliness, because they did not have tho necessary military strength...there .point beyond which they could, not be allowed to proceed." Former President Herbert Hoover is shown upon his arrival'by air from Europe, at Mitchell Field. L. I. He has conducted an ex- tensive survey of the European situation for President Truman. Michigan Solon Raps Waste of Tax Money Washinffton By Jack Bell Senator Ferguson declared to- day that If Congress doesn't cut out "shameless duplication, over- lapping of functions and waste of taxpayers' money" it will CED Urges 10-Day Wait On Strikes Committee Drafting Report Headed by Eric Johnston By Sterling F. Green or Economic Development, outlln- ns its formula for industrial peace, Loday proposed a. compulsory icn- day period of mediation before any itrlkc, lockout or strike vote. The planning organization said Congress should provide a "frreaUy trengthcned" Icdcral mediation ervicc along with such a law and should require too that all strikes be approved by a majority of union members voting in secret, supervis- ed elections. The committee's statement on bargaining: how to make it work" was released by Paul C. Hoffman, president of the Studc- bakcr Corporation, and Eric John- ston, president of the Motion pic- ture Association of America. Remedy for Strikes Hoffman is chairman of CED and Johnston headed the special com- mittee which drafted the CED Is made up mainly of business men and educators, although its trustees Include some government officials such as Under Secretary of State Will Clayton and TJnfler Secretary of Commerce William. C. Foster. The report also suggested a reme- dy for jurisdictions! strikes, a ban, on secondary boycotts "equali- zation" of the rights of management and unions under the Wagner actx Bills covering these points already are pending in Congress. In addition, the planning group permanent national to- B. military headquarters re- xirted a tremendous potential for ubvcrsive activity existing in "a people who were completely in- octrinated In nationalistic propa- but said it could be con- trolled "as long as we arc able to maintain our army in Germany." that he would be assessed marks "as costs of his trial" and would be allowed to keep no more than marks Lilienthal Needs 8 of 23 Still Undecided Votes By Edwin B. Haaklnson Senate poll showed today that David E. Lilien- thal needs to win over only eight 3f 23 undecided senators In order So eke out confirmation ns chairman of the a.tomic energy commission. An Associated Press check over the weekend of all but four of the chamber's 95 members listed 40 in favor of President Truman's em- battled nominee and 28 opposed. If a full membership were on hand when the issue comes to a Luciano Will Be Sent to Italy Havana, Min- ster Alfredo Pequeno said today 3harles "Lucky" Luciano, detained at the Tiscornia immigration sta- lon since his arrest Saturday, would be'sent back to Italy. i ._ _ Luciano, former New York vice vote, 48 "ayes" would be necessary overlord, is held incommunicado at the Tiscornia station, Cuba's Ellis for confirmation. never do it. In an address prepared for sumption of senate debate today o a proposal to pledge a cut in President Truman's budget, the Michigan scna tor.said it now costs the America people "more to be governed than 1 does to eat." That, Ferguson asserted, is on reason he is supporting the House approved economy promise instca of n reduction plcdg offered by Senator Mllllkln (R. Besides Ferguson, Senators Bark ley of Kentucky, the Dcmocratii leader. Hatch tD.-N.MJ, Langer (R- K. and others were listed on a long speaking schedule that threat- ened'to postpone a final vote untl Wednesday, when the Senate meets again. Would Save Defense Funds Advocates of the Millikin proposal have contended it would leave the army and navy relatively free from reductions in their aftgrefrate allotment. They say in- dications point to a maximum slash of for the two services if defenders can hold the line at that point. From Tokyo, General MacArthur wrote the War department that he s confident Congress will hot "take any action which would prejudice Weather I IIDKKAL KOKKCAST Winonii and vicinity Mostly cloudy. cx-ctiMoim! light Know flur tonlcht mid Tucwliiy; no 1m- por'.imt chnncr In teniperuturr, Lmi- tonlRht 15. hlKh TucHClay Mlnnrsotu Mostly cloudy with occnslonnl .snow flurries untl little rhuncc In irmpcraturr tonight and Tursduy. Slowly diminishing winds. Jlurrles tonigh and Tuesday except snow continu- ing to accumulate In extreme north Warmer tonight. Diminishing winds Tuesday. LOCAL WKATHF.R Official obwrvallons for the 2' hours ending at 12 m. toduy: minimum, 12; noon. 54: precipitation, truce of snow; sun icts toniRht at sun rises to- morrow at For the 24 hours ending nt 12 m, Sunday: Maximum. 22; minimum. 5: noon, 12: precipitation, truer of snow. TKMI'KKATUKKS KLSKWIIBKE Max, Mln. Pet. ChlciiKo 1C 13 Los Angeles 87 57 Miami 70 G2 Paul in 15 New C5 38 .New York 27 17 Wa.-.hinKton .....35 15 .02 .48 .01 Train. Stopped Jeforc Hitting Wrecked Auto automobile carrying live overturned In the path ot u speeding train when the driver collnuxod iind died or heart (Usvusu but the other of the ciir were mivcd hy u. quick-witted motor- ist who Hugged tho train to a ntop. Chief of I'ollro .lolin Vnnash of .suburban Fox River Grove Kiive thin account of tho neur- tniKcdy last night: 1 Mr. and Mrn. Harold Costa Klcn and their two children were riding with Cnurlc.s n. Freeman. 4C, Park Rldgc, when Freeman xuffcrcd tho heart tnck UN lie drove parallel to the Chicago North Western rail- way tracks. An Freeman slumped, the car darted down 15-foot embank- ment and overturned on tho tracks, trapping the occupanU In.ilde. A car following Freemiin'x, driven by William Pohlmann of Ttctt J'lalnc.s, nlno ran out of control, plunccd olY the road but remained upright. As the train approached, Pohlmann and a nearby tavern- keeper ran to the tracks with and warned the engineer. The engineer braked his train 150 feet from tho overturned fur Juat tho occupants were tllmblnc out. o the completion of the east end of the lake and for the west end. When bills authorizing these bond ssues were originally introduced n the legislature tha Minnesota Bankers' association made objec- tions to certain minor provisions in the financing program, city Attor- ney Harold K. Brchmer conferred with representatives ot the associa- tion and several minor changes were made. Welding School At Fargo Burns Farfto. N. D. All fire equipment, of Fargo and Moor- :iend battler! u major blaze in the Governmental offices were shu down today for Cuba's natlona feast day. Pequeno told a reporte of the decision to deport Luciano to Italy, whence he came to this coun- try lost October, Auto Diesel Welding tlllnSOn school hero today. The building ]ast wock' covers n half block in downtown Fnrgo and apparently was doomed Severn! explosions rocked the building and flumes menncec nearby structures. Twenty cars were pulled the fire. A stiff northwest' Senate Advances Bill to Outlaw Portal Pay Suits Washington The Senate Judiciary committee today approved by nine to three vote legislation outlawing nearly all portal to portal pay claims. Chairman Wiley (R.-Wi.O, told reporters the committee approved "substantially the same bill" which a judiciary subcommittee voted for from handicapped firemen as' hundred! of spectators gathered, a by huge billows of black smoke nnd flames leaping in the nir. G. O. P. Heads Plan Additional Income Tax Cut Next Year Washington Vlason (R.-Z1I.) said today that' Souse fiscal leaders, committed to a to per cent cut this yenr In personal ncome taxes, are aiming at a fur- reduction next year. In nn address to the American Retail federation. Mason said ,he Two Electrocuted in Rockview Prison BelJefontc, Pa, (yp; Rockview penitentiary's electric chair was in use lor exactly flve minutes early to- two men paid with their lives for holdup-murders. Allen W. Black, 29-year-old Phoe nlxville. Pa., iron worker, died three minutes after he was strapped In the chair. other condemned slayer. Peter J. Ewell, "Jr., a 24-year-old Phila- delphia Negro, died in .two minutes. Wages Held Key to Living Cost Trend With the Senate atomic commit- tee opening its fifth and final of hearings, two members declared' that Lilienthal and his flve co- nominees will "have no trouble ulflllment of occupation objectives." While lauding any economies Hogs Hit New High of ChlcuRO tlve moved to a nctr record price today at more than higher than Friday's top and also a dollar n hundred pounds above tlic previous hiffhcst price set October 15. Scarce supplies accounted for the increase in relation to an Intense demand for pork. Cattle and sheep also were hiRhcr, in the expectation that consumers who could not satisfy tbcir needs with pork would turn to the other classes. winning a favorable report from the committee. The A.P. poll showed that 68 sen- ators have made up their minds althouRh only 38 were willing state their stand publicly in favor and 16 opposed. Of SI who agreed to confide their position without being named, 12 are op and 18 favorable. On party lines 22 Republicans arc against Lilienthal and 13 for him while Democrats six against. Those who said they are undecid- ed Include 12 Republicans and 1Z Democrats. The four who be reached ai'e all Democrats. Truman to Visit Mother Next Sunday Tru- man will stop nt Grandviow, Mo., to islt his mother next Sunday on his light to Mexico City for a three- day visit. 'These Days' iVeather Forcing Jyrd to Pull Out }f Little America By Lee Atta On Board the U.S.S. Mount Olym- us, February he final meal at historic Little merlca was to be served this noon, fter which all equipment beinR left ehlnd will be stored underground nd personnel will be loaded aboard ic Icebreaker Island ior cvacua- on. Roar Admirals Richard E. Byrd our national interest rea-'and Richard H. Cruzeii radioed may. MacArthur'shortly before noon Antarctic time today that Little America would definitely be abandoned "within 12 hours." Captain R. S. Quakenbush doelar-i ed that both admirals piu-Uc-' cautioned that cutting off. American relief would make starving Japanese "easy prey to any ideology, however, which offered food. The occupation commander inadc no reference to the v.s reduction fight, bu the War hac asked for his views for submission to public the 1500- word letters here as well as in Japan Eric Johnston ror-manngcincnl council to advise hu government on industrial ions. CED recommendations are based on Uio premise that the general pub- lic has a vested interest in Industrial peace, that labor disputes are no longer the sole concern of manage- ment and labor, and that in conse- quence the Kcneral public through government has an obvious right to, impose rules upon both management nnd labor which will promote peace- ful the report said. It suggested these "ground rules" for collective bargaining: 1. That the present U. S. Concil- iation service bo transformed into ,1 national mediation service with "new status, new functions, new dignity" and more money. Independent New York econ-' omist told the American Manage- ment association- today "the cost of iving is either at its peak or has actually passed it." would bo "disappointed" if Congress Dr. Jules Backman, New York Iocs not trim President Truman's budget to nnd apply the savings half to tax reduction and half to debt reduction. 4 university associate professor of economics, added, however, "the ex- tent of any decline in living costs will. depend upon what happens to wnges." George E. Sokolftky's column "These Days" begins tonight on the editorial PIIRC of The Republican-Herald, Mr. Sokolsky, King Features columnist, whose long: experi- ence as a writer and lecturer on national and international affairs permits him to cut through red tape and see the real Issues behind the window- dressing' ot official Washington, will discuss them with Repub- lican-Herald readers dally. Start Mr. Sokolsky's column tonight and (hen turn to Paul Mallon, Drew Pearson and other .experts whose daily arti- cles keep Republican-Herald readers well informed. Fnrm Budget Cuts Opposed Farm state senators already have spilt 27 for and scl'vcd they will fight to keep agriculture appropriations Intact Ferguson told a reporter he expects every other government agency to make a fight for its full quota. The Senate banking committee scheduled a closed-door hearing on rent controls, with Major General Philip Fleming, director of the Of- Ice of Temporary Controls, ns a Witness. Members have snld they may have a bill ready late this week, probably providing some flat in- crease in present rent ceilings. The House labor committee press- ed ahead with its hearings on strike ontrol measures by inviting repi'e- entatlvcs of the Allls-Chalmers Manufacturing Company to reloti ts experiences-with labor strife. The Irm told Its story to tho Senate abor committee two days ago. Tha group took another long wcckcnc recess but planned to resume testi- mony from union loaders tomorrow Berlin Cardinal to Visit Archbishop Murray St. Paul Conrad Cardinal von bishop of Berlin who carried on a fight against the Nazis, will be n. three-day guest of Arch- bishop John Gregory Murray ot the St. Paul, Catholic diocese, arriving here Thursday from California. Camp Inn Burns Tomahawk, WIs. Jim's logging Camp, popular northern Wisconsin inn located five miles north of here, was destroyed by fire today. ice conditions in the Bay of- Whales Also causing the expedition' leaders some anxiety were disturb ing reports that the great Ross sea ice pack Is consolidating and stead ily spreading south. Nearly 200 air operations men headed by Byrd, will bo brought ou on the nnticipiHcd three-day dasl through the ice. At the same time that Byrd ant made their decision to cance operations of the central proup Captain Charles Bond's western task group radioed that it, too, had been "orced to turn back after having Jcnctrntcd more than half way around the Antarctic continent. randmother Who Packed War hutes Tries One Denver Mrs. Lnvada Ann Snccd, a 42-year-old jrrandmothcr who h a n il 1 c d thousands of parachutes on. tlic pround during the war trlrd one out from feel In the air :inrt commented after a safe landing: just as thrilled a.s a little old country girl on a picnic." She rented two parachutes" and hired Pilot Clyde Mac- Kinder to take her up in a plane Saturday. MacKindrr said when lie signaled her to Jump "she took off Just like she was stepping out of an During: the war Mrs. Snccd packed parachutes and changed harnesses on more tor the army. She said she wanted to make the jump "just, to see if they really do work." labor department for "housckecpinK" purposes but independent in policy. Its functions would bo to foster local mediation, furnish mediators where needed, encourage voluntary arbitration and maintain a "panel of competent arbitrators." 2. That the Wagner act be amend- ed to exclude supervisors from "em- ploye" status, to require unions as well as employers to bargain, and to afford "freedom of speech" to .ndust.ry ns well as labor. 3, That all contracts provide or some of settle- compulsory arbitration, other peaceable means ment, for disputes arising under llm contract. Tills would not apply to ,hc negotiation now contracts or renewals. 4. That disputes be efcrrcd for settlement to a referee by the national labor rela- ions board, :f tlic unions cannot each agreement nmonit thcmsclvs. 5. That the strike vote .procedure well as the referee's decision :i inter-union cn- orceable by Injunction suits in the ederal courts. Curb on 1'ickotins Asked R. That forceful bars entrance to or exit from outlawed, along with, secondary boycotts under which. CED said, "n union may set up a wall around a city of millions of citizens shutting out particular Roods." In the field of major "public in- terest" industries like transporta- tion and utilities, CED concluded that proposed legislation calling for "super-boards, arbitra- tion, government seizure or other coercive devices will retard, not ad- vance, the development of collective bargaining nnd to that extent will Jeopardize the maintenance of a. free ;