Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 23, 1949, Winona, Minnesota
WEATHER Cloudy, Colder SUPPORT YOUR Y.M.C.A. VOLUME 49, NO. 6 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 23, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Wallace Lashes at Atlantic Pact Egypt Approves Armistice Agreement With Israel By L. S. Chakales Egypt has ap- proved an armistice agreement with Israel, It was disclosed to- day. An authoritative source said, however, that some "minor de- tails" might delay the signing ceremony. Egypt's negotiators, who ham- mered out the terms of the armistice with an Israeli dele- gation In 42 days of talks, re- turned to this island today from Cairo with their government's answer to the armistice pro- posal. The armistice leaves the Israelis in possession of most of the barren Negev desert, which Israel hopes to dot with settlements. The armistice agreement, which the Jewish cabinet at Tel Aviv already has accepted, provides for demilitarization of all Egyptian-held Palestine, It was authoritatively reported. The demilitarization zone on the Egyptian side of the border extends to but does not include El Arish, the big Egyptian mili- tary camp on the coast 30 miles inside Egypt. The demilitarization line runs through but does not include Beersheba, the strategic Arab town in the southern part of the Negev which the Jews captured last October. The Jews will be allowed to maintain forces in Beersheba. It was this point which the Egypt- ian delegation referred to Cairo for final agreement. House Vote On Bonus Bill Assured Leaders to Permit Rankin Measure to Come to Decision Truman Warns Critics Hell Stick By Aides By Barney Livingstone Washington House leaders appear ready to let the members take an early vote on the con- troversial Rankin bill for veterans pensicns. Representative Sabath chairman of the rules committee, said today that he was ready to give it clearance. The bill, sponsored by Repre- sentative Rankin would'j pay pension of a month to all veterans of World War I and n when they reach the age of 65. Its cost has been estimated vari- By Ernest B. Vaccaro ously as from to of his administration had personal and1 the first year to an ultimate blunt notice today from President Truman that no "S.O.B." Is going toipgak Of a year by Influence his appointments. j 1990. Some 200 of the Reserve Officers association Rankin Is chairman of the House their Mr. Truman deliver that startling pronouncement1 veterans committee. This corn- in an earthy, matter-of-fact, impromptu talk last night at a dinner honoring Major General Harry H. Vaughan, his military aide. The diners were brought to sharp attention as Mr. Truman departed from his homey, neighborly style and turned to artillery language: "Now, I am just as fond and just as loyal to my military aide as I am to the high brass, and I want you to distinctly understand that any S.O.B. who thinks he can cause any of those people to be The Strains Of "Stars and Stripes Forever" echoed down Spring street in Independence, Mo., last night as 11 members of the Turner family joined In to serenade the head of the family, Philip F. Turner, right, on his 77th birthday anniversary. Thirty Turners, with 11 musical Instruments, showed up for the impromptu concert. They are shown here waiting for the cue to start. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Russia May Have Secret Of Liquid Death Spray Churchman Protests Truman's Language New The president of tea International Council of Chris-1 discharged by me, by some smart tian Churches said today that statement the air -or in President Truman's language at he has B0t another think dinner In Washington last night was "an offense against Christian people." The Rev. Carl Mclntyre, presi- dent of the council, called on the President to "apologize to the Am- erican people" In a telegram sent to the White House. The President was quoted as say- Ing at a dinner honoring his mili- tary aide, Major General Harry H. Vaughn, that "if any S.O.B. thinks he is going to get any member of my staff or cabinet changed by some smart-aleck statement over the air, he's mittee last week approved the bill Mountain View, quite possibly has the secret of to cries of "dictatorship" from! a Nazi-developed liquid death spray potent enough to wipe out whole some members, six of whom walk- ed out in protest against what they called Bankin's "high handed tac- "S.O.B." Mr. Truman used only tee Initials, without spelling out what they stand for. Mr. Truman drove five miles to tee Army-Navy Country club in Arlington, Va., to join other speak- ers in praise of Vaughan. Major General Edward F. White- sell, adjutant general of the Army, said the military aide's Job was "difficult" and "not all parades and balls, Drew Pearsons and decorations." Pearson, radio commentator and columnist, has criticized Vaughan for accepting a decoration from President Peron of Argentina, He stood outside the Argentine embassy the night the medal was presented, taking down the names of those attending. Afterward, Pearson said that while this country is spending bil- pollcy making in Germany has been lions abroad to help democracy, The Alsopi Concessions To French Sensibilities By Joseph AIsop Berlin Tor two years American distracted and enfeebled by an in- ner conflict. Common humanity and the menace of Soviet aggres- sion have both demanded that western Germany should be rebuilt and restored to political Inde- pendence. But our French allies, for natural his- torical reasons.1 have struggled to keep Germany in a state of economic and politlca peonage. No doubt it has been necessary to make substantial concessions to French sensibilities. But it is time to realize that this road, if followed too far, may lead to a sort of Krupp-de Wendel axis. No worse outcome could be imagined; yet the danger is real enough. To be specific, not the least ex- traordinary spectacle of the Berlin, municipal elections was the cam1 paign of Dr. Karl Adenauer, leader: of the right wing of the Christian Democratic party. Adenauer is the personal representative of the own- ers and managers of big Industry In the Ruhr. And in the moment of Berlin's greatest peril, he came to the beleaguered city to speak on a single seemingly irrelevant theme the need for a Franco- German understanding. ANOTHER EPISODE that fits into the pattern was the visit to1 Paris of Herman Reusch, head of] one of the great Ruhr combines, the Gutehoffnungshuete. Reusch, who was warmly received In the highest French circles, had a deal to offer. The owners of Ruhr Industry (now temporarily expropriated) would give their French opposite numbers j of the Comite des Feerges a 30 per cent stock interest in the Ruhr. Ruhr industry would then be' re- established with no nonsense about socialization. And the new Franco- German Joint ownership of the Ruhr would be 'accepted as a sub- stitute for the "internationaliza- tion" the French talk so much about. Adenauer and Reusch are by noj (Continued on Ta.se 5, Column 2.) ALSOPS Sabath said he would give Ran- kin a hearing on his application for clearance some time next week, probably Thursday. Sabath Intimated House leaders had decided to pull in their road blocks on Ranldn's proposal, and let him fight it out freely before tee membership. The fate of the pension or it reaches tee voting stage names any members of my cabl- is anybody's guess. net, or my staff....J._ name them myself, and when It is time for them to be moved on, I do the else." Praises Vanghan The official transcript of Mr. Truman's off-the-cuff talk, released later by the White House, omitted any reference to the term, and "while President Truman has spoken thousands of words about saving democracy, his military aide partly nullified this and accepting a high decoration from a military dicta- tor who has ridiculed all the things that Truman talks about." No Reference to Pearson Mr. Truman made no reference to Pearson in his brief talk. The columnist had this comment: "If Mr. Truman is trying to j discourage the right of fair com- (Continned on Page 12, Column 7.) President Truman has let it be known he does not favor either a pension or bonus at this time. Just last week, he guardedly re- minded a gathering of veterans and members of Congress that a strong and stable economy Is par- ticularly necessary during the pre- sent period of world unrest. He St. Lawrence Seaway Bill Coming Soon Washington Senate legis- lation to authorize the St. Lawrence seaway and power project la due P.___ be introduced within ten days said also that first attention should to two a Capitol lull official be given to the disabled and ill'said today. veterans. There may also be opposition from a number of other quarters to this particular pension proposal. The Veterans of Foreign Wars has said it does not go far en- ough. Congressional opinion has been varied. But Representative Huber one of the six Demo-! crats who walked out on Rankin, said today that divisions of men in the open, says an American officer who helped destroy the weapon. But Germany didn't use the spray, and Russia probably wouldn't for the same contaminates the area for too long a the opinion of Major James M. Graham, a U. S. Army engineer. The two German scientists who formulated the spray were In Berlin when the Soviets took over and more than likely were taken In hand by the Soviets, Fraham says. Whether chemical analysis of the liquid by its American captors yield- ed the secret, Graham didn't know. Hidden Stocks Found Graham had charge of disposing of the spray, named Tabun after the names of its two Inventors. He disclosed some of the details in a Chamber of Commerce speech at San Jose. Graham now lives In Mountain View. Hidden stocks of tons of found by American intelligence officers in Bavarian caves. Engineers built huge fires in pits to destroy the liquid. They poured it over the coals. Tabun didn't burn, but the heat broke it down and rendered It harmless. Graham described Tabun as a nerve poison not unlike snake venom in its effect. Only quicker. A spot of It the size of a dime dropped on Introduction of the bill, it is said, is being delayed pending decision by Senate seaway advocates on whether to: Include a provision to permit New York state to acquire and admin- ister the estimated horse- power hydroelectric development or delay that consideration until a Spring-Like Weather On West Coast By The Associated Pms Generally sunny skies and mild temperatures prevailed today from the Rockies to the Ohio river valley The spring-like weather caused some local flood conditions In parts of the snow-covered western range lands but no major were reported. Temperatures In the 50's were forecast for much of the area, Indi- cating much thawing. There were no cold spots across nation early today and not much rain. Some light rain fell In the New England states, the Northern Rookies and In central Texas. A threat of floods in the north' west corner of California eased tem nas proposed in another States' share of the hydro develop- ment. Legislation calling for exactly that has already been Introduced in the House by Representative Kll- bum (R.-N. (D.-Mlnn.) ore between United States ports on the Great Lakes was approved today who by a House, merchaht marine sub- committee. blu that the question of admmlster the power be deferred for future consideration. Blatnik's measure would also elim- The permission, which had beenjmate toUs OQ shlpplng to make granted temporarily in past years, would extend from March 15 to De- cember 15 of this year. The last temporary waiver of U. S. naviga- tion laws expired last December 31. the seaway self-liquidating. Kll- burn's bill includes the self-liquidat- ing provision. Most Senate seaway 3n laws expireo. lass 01. particularly those from the Mld. Shippers and government agen- 'committed to the ro- to the prop- es_ cies said there are not enough Am- made TRUMAN encan flag vessels to carry the ore during the coming Great Lakes shipping season. About 40 Canadian ore carriers were used for this pur- jpose last year. to pay for Itself through tolls. It is thus virtually certain that the upcoming Senate measure will con- tain this provision. Wisconsin Medical Care Plan Coming Madison, new plan of prepaid, medical Insurance was fruity smell. In appearance it looks something like crankcase oil. Dockworkern Balked until about six months ago when some information about it leaked out. About tons of it was saved from destruction and shipped to handle it. Special crews had to be used for the job. the skin would kill a man in two bureau also alerted residents along southwest Iowa's Nishnabotna, a tributary of the Missouri river. The thawing helped the Army In snow clearing operations in the Nebraska-South Dakota-Wyoming areas and work was expected to be completed by Saturday. The Army's major snow-clearing Job now is In North Dakota. Floods also threatened In Oregon, The liquid was a military secret from pendleton to the coast, as warm rains freed mountain snows, Several families were forced to leave their homes by overflowing creeks. The mercury was In the 80's in Aberdeen, Md., under the label of Florida yesterday, reaching 85 at Graham reported. But Tampa and 83 at Miami. It also was dock workers failed to smell chlorine 83 at Phoenix, Ariz. Los Angeles In the shipment and refused to had the highest reading this year, 78, and an estimated persons were at beaches. Social Security Broadening Plan Faces Extensive Cuts By Francis M. Le May announced by Wisconsin clans' service today. physl- Designed to fill needs of farm, fam- ilies, self-employed persons and others employed in groups of less than five, the plan will be avail- able after April 1 through facilities j of Blue Cross, enrolling agency. The service, operated by the Wis- consin State Medical Society, said -'I applicants whose annual income does not exceed and jilles with total annual income un- der would be eligible for membership. More than physicians Will participate in the program, the service said. Monroe Pastor Dead ers predicted today that perhaps jno more than persons I will be added to the Social Se- curity rolls, instead of the 000 President Truman wants. Due to administrative difficulties, they said, about farm- ers, farm laborers and household workers may not be blanketed un- der old age and survivors Insurance as the President asked. About workers are covered now. There Is a sharp the states as well as in over both teat program and Mr. Truman's broad "home relief" plan to give federal financial aid to all who need it. The ald-to-the-needy program would require tee states to put up some of the amount de- pending on their per capita Income tee federal government making up tee rest. In an Associated Press poll of governors and state welfare dlrec- (C) Needy children. lawmak- Congress may reject the plan to Betty Latimer, center, 18, of Fredonia, N. Y., who became the 1949 national champion cherry pie baker at Chicago, takes a bite of her prize winning pie, while Mardelle Clarkson, left, 16, of DePere, Wis., second place winner, and Sara Sue Phegley, right, 15, of Car- lisle, Ind., who placed third, help the champion sample her work. Contestants from 15 states competed in the contest. Photo.) Madison, Wls. The Rev. Lydon C. Viel, 56, pastor of Im- manuel Evangelical United Bre- thren church at Monroe, died In a Madison hospital today, Rev. Viel formerly held pastor- ates in Oshkosh, Milwaukee and Madison. He came to Monroe two years ago. Funeral services will be held Saturday In Monroe, with burial in Milwaukee. extend aid to all needy persons, and Instead expand tee needy aged- blind-dependent children program to include direct relief for all dis- abled persons. The Idea there would be teat any person unable to work may be as much in need as a blind or old one. 2. Insurance Democratic Leader McCormack (Mass.) said teat while he would like to have farm labor included "I recognize tee practical difficulty from a legislative angle In having this done." The same objection has been raised to domestic work- ers. But Congress may add about self-employed and other classes of city workers now ex- cluded. Those under the Insurance pro- gram and their employers pay a payroll tax and tee workers get benefits in old age whether they need them or not. They pay for Charges Policy Pushing Toward Bankruptcy, War By Donglas B. Cornell A. Wallace declared today that the Mar- shall plan and North. Atlantic defense pact are pushing America along a "mad course" toward bankruptcy and war. He proposed once more that the United States abandon the cold war and bargain with Russia across the conference table as "an honor- able, a peaceful and a practical al- Russian Army Alerted Against United States Moscow Marshal Nlckolai A. Bulganln, minister of the armed forces, alerted Russia's fighting men In an order of the day today "constant combat pre- agalnst the United to maintain paredness" States. The order called for the firing of 20 artillery salvos In all major cities to celebrate the 31st anniver- sary of tha Soviet army. Bulganin's words were echoed by editorials In Pravda and Izves- tla, the Soviet union's leading newspapers. "The ruling circles of the United States which seek to establish their world domination by force pursue a policy of aggression and of unleashing a new said the order of the day. "In these conditions the Soviet armed forces must Indefatlgably maintain constant combat prepar- edness on a high level. "The Soviet people may rest assured our army, air fores and navy will vigilantly stand guard over their socialist homeland." TUB Soviet union Is "persever- Ingly striving for. lasting peace throughout the world" while suc- cessfully carrying out a plan for development of its national eco- nomy, Bulganln said. Izvestla and Pravda In their edi- torials and General S. Shtemenko, chief of staff of the army. In a Pravda article also directly at- tacked the United States. Pravda's editorial said "the In- ternational situation obliges our fighters constantly to perfect then- military training, to widen their military, political and technical knowledge and In every way to strengthen discipline and organiza- tion. "Striving for forcible establish- ment of their world dominion, rul- ing circles of the U.S.A. do not want a lasting peace." Pravda said that the Soviet union was "constantly struggling for a solid democratic peace in the world" and aggressors' plans for a new war were doomed to fall ure. Red Puppets in Poland Join Attack Warsaw, Poland Leaders of Poland's government and army today predicted "catastrophe" for what they termed British and Am- erican imperialists and their "war adventurers." They joined In hailing the Soviet army as the greatest In the world and the liberator of Europe. Civil- Ian and army chiefs alike made no references to any contribution by the western powers In winning World War The Poles showered laurels upon the Russians In celebration of red army day. Polish President Boleslaw Beir- ut, Premier Josef Cyranklewlcz, Defense Minister Marshal Mlchal Rola-zymlerski and many other army and government chiefs at- tended the ceremonies. Vice Minister of Defense General Marian Spychalskl spearheaded the attacks on the "Anglo-Ameri- can Imperialists." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and vicinity: Cloudy to- night and Thursday. Colder Thurs- day. Low tonight 32; high Thurs- day 42. ____ LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 45; minimum, 26; noon, tors yesterday, some officials ex- what they get. Those needy elder- 45; precipitation, none; sun sets pressed the view that this people outside the Insurance pro- menl; would place too great a load on local governments. The whole social security picture looks about like this: Relief Fight 1. Home critical gram get direct federal financial help. 3. President pro- poses benefits for persons unable to work because of temporary illness or long disability. Congress lawmakers call this a "relief approve such a program under out work" proposal, as contrasted with the work-relief policy in op- eration during the early adminis- trations of Franklin D. Roosevelt. A federal public assistance pro- gram now Is In operation, on a money-matching arrangement with the states, for relief to (A) Poor aged persons not covered by old age insurance, (B) The blind and a combination of the insurance and direct relief programs. 4. Truman wants a large boost in both benefits and payroll taxes under the insurance program. Congress may grant some increase. The states would continue to determine the size of payments for direct relief outside the insurance program. v tonight at sun rises tomor- row at ____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Chicago............' 36 Denver 66 Des Molnes ........34 Duluth 32 Int. Falls..........24 Kansas City .......40 Los Angeles........78 Miami .............80 Mpls.-St. Paul 29 New Orleans.......77 New York .........48 Seattle Phoenix .......53 .......83 .Washington .......51 30 36 26 23 10 33 48 63 23 60 43 44 44 41 .02 22 ternative." Now head of the Progressive par- ty, Wallace was fired as President Truman's secretary of commerce in September, 1948, after clamor- ing for a softer policy than the administration favored .toward Rus- sia. The House foreign affairs'com- mittee, which is considering a bill to continue the European recovery program, gave Wallace his chance today to present his views. Raps Atlantic Fact Wallace labeled this program a "failure." He took an "I-told-you- so" attitude on that, because be forecast a year ago It wouldn't work. His remarks were in a state- ment prepared for the committee. He predicted today that the Atlantic alliance, and the lend- leaslng of arms to back it up, Won't work either. These proposals are to be sent to Congress later. Wallace said the defense pact "will irrevocably commit us to a two-world policy of conflict." The lend-lease feature, he said, may cost 20 to 30 billion dollars. "The fact of the matter Is" ho said, "that these moves will geri- ously undermine and weaken our national security. They will lead to economic bankruptcy for west- ern Europe and the United States. They invite a war which no nation can win and in which humanity It- self will be the victim." Wallace said such measures "make aggressive gestures against the Soviet union by establishing military bases near her Inevitably, they will provoke heavy counter-measures." Seei Incitement to War Terming such a policy "at worst, a deliberate incitement to Wallace declared: "I say that there is an honorable, a peaceful, and a practical alterna- tive to this mad course. "If the administration sincerely desires peace, let it state Its terms. Let the Russians do likewise, as they have clearly and repeatedly told us they are prepared to do. "Let the heads of both nations sit down to negotiate those terms. "Peace will require compromises and accommodation on both sides. But no government that wants peace and knows its minimum de- mands can afford to refuse to dis- cuss them." U.S. Protests On Bulgarian Church Arrests Washington The United States has protested against Bulga- ria's arrest of 15 Protestant church- men as a "blatant terroristic ef- fort" to intimidate religious denom- inations. The State department said to- day a formal note of protest was delivered to Bulgaria on Monday at Sofia. It was rejected outright by Bul- garia's communist government al- most immediately, the department reported. The Protestant churchmen are ac- cused of spying for the U. 8. and Britain and are scheduled to go on trial Friday at Sofia. The Bulgarian government says it has confessions from some of the accused. The strongly worded American protest asked that Bulgaria permit representatives of the U. S. lega- tion to attend the trial. Bulgaria's decision has not been received, officials said. (It was announced in Sofia, to- day that the trial "will be Red China Heads Move to Peiping Peiping Nine communist government ministries have been moved to Peiping, the new seat of the red government in North China. They are the ministries of civil affairs, education, finance, agri- culture, commerce, industry, health, justice and labor. No indication has been given that Mao Tze-tung and Chou En-lal, ihina's No. 1 and 2 communists, are coming to Peiping immediate- ly. Communist officials announced yesterday the seat of the North China peoples' government had been moved here from Shihkiach- wang, 170 miles southwest of Peip- ing. Mao was last reported at Shihkiachwang.