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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 21, 1950, Winona, Minnesota SNOW TONIGHT, TEMPERATURE SAME VOLUME 50, NO. 4 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 21.1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FIGHT HEART DISUSE SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY- Intimidation In Defense Department By Joseph and Stewart Alsop The hardest ques- tion to answer about Louis A. Johnson's concealed disarmament program Is why the joint chiefs of staff have stood for it so long. The answer would seem to fall into several parts. The first part is the new atmosphere of blended favoritism and intimidation that now pervades the Defense depart- ment. A pretty good symbol of the fa- voritism is to be found in the sec- retary of defense's outer office. Brigadier General Louis Renfrew, a plump relic of Johnson's Ameri- can Legion machine, now presides there as his patron's special as- sistant. For a far from brilliant re- serve officer serving as Johnson's appointments secretary, Renfrew has received remarkably high pro- motion. But that Is not all. He was once a dentist. He is also drawing S100 a month supplemen- tary pay under a rule designed to attract young dentists into the services. The sum Is not large. The ar- rangement is at least technically legal. But the symbol remains: The crony gets his perquisites while Johnson's "economies" bite deep Into the sinew of American strength. AS FOR THE INTIMIDATION, there Is plenty of evidence con- cerning the secretary of defense's special methods of getting his way. One authenticated Incident involv- ed one of the two or three ablest senior officers in the Army, whose unpopularity with Johnson may probably be traced to his serious approach to defense problems. At a large meeting.-because of a rela- tively petty disagreement. John- son publicly threatened to drive this brilliant and disinterested man out of the military service. Several other general officers who have dared to argue have had the same sort of experience. Mere threats would of course not frighten the joint chiefs them- selves. Yet it must be remember- ed that Bradley and Collins, Van- denberg and Sherman were all trained In an earlier period, as members of the defense services of a country that had no de- fense. Secretaries of the Army Navy, In those days, were custo- marily pretty awful. The services got along with whatever was grant- ed, either in leadership or in ap- propriations. America, in those days, was not in the first line. This prewar psychology has quite visibly survived, for exam- ple, in General J. Lawton Collins, wlio la fond of repeating that his ground forces are In better shape than ever. It Is true, and has been recorded in this space, that the Army alone has maintained Its fighting units under the Impact of Johnsonian "economy." It Is also true that these fighting units are In a fine state of training. AT LEAST IN HIS PUBLIC statements, this seems to satisfy General Collins, yet he is making do with World War n weapons which are In many cases obsoles- cent or actually obsolete. He has no tank force worth speaking of. He has In prospect only the small- est trickle of the new antitank weapons. Above all, because of Air Force he cannot count on the slightest effective close air support, without which modern armies literally cannot take ihe field. Over all, the facts General Collins omits are infinite- ly more significant than the facts he points to. This prewar psychology, which leads to the unwarranted optimism of General Collins, is strengthen- ed by the consciousness of past from which the joint chiefs no 'doubt suffer. The Navy today is less able to protest the impair- ment of its antisubmarine capabil- ity, because the admirals them- selves so long forgot the subma- rine problem in their eagerness to encroach upon the Air Force mis- sion. Equally. In 1948. the joint chiefs permanently weakened their own case by preparing an idiotic- ally swollen budget request for Finally the joint chiefs must be well aware that in this matter of defense "economy." the secretary of defense only differs from the President in wishing to go further and faster. The President made the original decision, in 1948, to forget the requirements of a se- rious defense, and to sacrifice de- fense planning to. budgetary con- venience. AT THAT TIME, it was also agreed that the joint chiefs would draw up each year a new "re- quirements" plnn snd budget, apainst which the budget-ceiling or "capabilities" plan could be measured. This year, the chiefs were called to the White House, to be given their bud- get ceiling by the President in person. Thereafter, a spasmodic effort was made to draw up the regular, annual "requirements" program. But in ihe end this seem- ed so fruitless that the task was never completed the J. C. S. temporarily surrendered. Meanwhile, however. Soviet strength has grown visibly, and the world situation has worsened appallingly. Meanwhile, the defense planning of the "Atlantic pact na- tions, which is under the personal charge of the incorruptible Gen- era! Omar Bradley, has begun to show how enormous are the gaps In our security. U. S. to Leave Red Oty Relief Civil Defense Bill Going to County The Winona county board of commissioners will get a 176 jolt some time this week. Several weeks ago the state public examiner admonished the city council for not making the county pay 75 per cent of the city's relief cost. State law says the county must do just that, the public examiner He told the ci- ty to go ahead and send the county a bill. As a matter of fact, in re- cent years the public examiner has been telling the city that every time his department has made an audit. The city, however, has been disregarding that fatherly ad- vice about the way it runs its money matters, but no longer. Why not send the county a. bill? Why shouldn't we make the county pay whatever the law says? the aroused alder- men asked. So last night they did. They approved sending a bill to the county board. That's for 75 per cent of the city's relief cotss for the five calen- dar years beginning 1944 and ending in 1948. And as soon as the poor de- partment gets around to the paper work, it'll get up a bill for 1949. The county owes for years before 1944, but the statutory limitations affect the situation. The bill that the county will get is a lengthy one. It lists every person who received re- lief, for what and in what amount; it also includes a leg- al share of the administrative cost, but here's how the coun- ty's bill breaks down into years: 1944.............. 1945 1946.............. 1947 1948 System for State Sought Disaster Relief Group, General Cite Necessity By Jack Mackay St. Paul Creation immedi- ately of a statewide civil defense! system under a full-time director, to cope with local disasters or a national emergency, was recom- mended today to Governor Young- Former Arcadia Man Killed En Route to Surprise Parents Arcadia route to pay a surprise visit to his parents here, Duane Hertzfeldt, 28, was killed In a highway accident this morning near Toman, Wis. The car carrying Mm and his bride of three months, struck a con- crete abutment on highway 16, dahl. The Minnesota disaster relief and civil headed by defense Adjutant commission, General Jo- Court Cites UMW.for Contempt Washington The entire treasury of the striking coal miners, variously figured at to was endangered today by their defiance of a court order once again to end a coal strike. E. Nelson, advocated that an Reports from the spirit of coal fields Vog( eler Given 15-Year Sentence Budapest, Businessman Robert A. Vogeler was sentenced to 15 years in prison today on spy charges by a Hungarian court which sentenced two of his six co-defendants to death. Death sentences were meted out to Imre Geiger, manager of the International Telephone Telegraph Company's Budapest branch, and Zoltan Hado, former department chief in Hungary's ministry of hea- vy industry. Edgar Sanders, Vogeler's British aide in the IT. T. branch, the Standard Electric Works, was sen- tenced to 13 years in prison. Vogeler, 38, assistant vice-presi- of the International Telephone Telegraph Company, had con- fessed abjectly to the spy charges during his three-day trial and had pleaded for a mild sentence. Plea for Leniency The prosecution had demanded the severest penalty presumab- ly death but the court said it had taken his plea for leniency under consideration. Pleading guilty to all counts of an indictment which charged him with espionage, sabotage and at- tempting to drive a wedge between Hungary and the Soviet Union, Vogeler had told the court: "I am sorry for the deterimental deeds I committed and I ask for a mild sentence." Vogeler's Hungarian lawyer, Imre Bard, declared the defend- i i, t Mr ant nad "caused blood and tears" wearing no makeup took an active but asked to conslder role as the prospective feot faad been lmdel seated. Her two attorneys, Frank jmiutary discipUne from his youth, Warner and Don Morgan, both alsovad t onl nt to ten weeks of Minneapolis, consulted frequent- in Hungary and regretted his acts. ly with their client as questioning; 1. of the talesmen proceeded. story CoDrt Calmly and unemotionally Vogel- er told the court last week that Laura Miller Jury Selection Seen by Night Glencoe, Minn. Attorneys today sought to complete the Jury to try Laura Miller before night- fall so that taking of testimony can begin Thursday, after the Wash- ington's birthday holiday recess to- morrow. Five jurors were tentatively seat- ed when court convened in the first degree murder trial of Miss Miller. The defendant, 24-year-old Minne- apolis stenographer is accused of shooting to death Gordon Jones, 36, a prominent Hutchlnson at- torney, in his office there on Janu- ary 30. Miss Miller, dressed in black and Mine inot President John L. Lewis per- cited for contempt of court here yesterday by Judge Richmond B. Keech, who had issued the back-to-work order. The union was given until Fri- day to clear itself of contempt by getting the idle miners back to work. Union lawyers were told to explain Friday, if the men are still out. Father, Seven Children Dead In Michigan Fire Addison, fire de- voured a farm house1 near here ear- ly today, killing seven children and The five men seated are all farm- ers. The only woman questioned during yesterday's session, Mrs. El-1 he was a professional agent work- win Kujas of Brownton, was ex-ling out of U, S, Army intelligence cused when she said she had in Vienna, He said Jones A panel of three triers had been instructed to obtain passing on the validity of jurors'special information about challenges. They approved one de- fense objection yesterday. More than 500 persons, about half of them women, crowded the courtroom as the trial started be- fore Judge Joseph J. Moriarity. Jurors in the box today were: John Zelk, 67. Silver Lake: Charles Bell. 39, Hutchin Glencoe; Lake, and Albert 51, Plate-. radar production, rockets, uranium and oil deposits in Hungary and to help atomic scientists to flee the coun- try. The young businessman had been roving European representative for the I.T. T. since 1945. to his confession he said he used his po- Hnh'prt Rpnrtpmpr sition only "as a cover for my I aiiUVYtU. Of ioffjce of civil defense be establish-1 ference to the situation. ed within the framework of state1 government. The recommendations grew out of an executive meeting of the six member commission which was told by Brigadier General Nel- is not pleasant to contem- plate the necessity of arousing our people to further -fear of attack or war, but it is apparent to me that failure to do so and failure to organize, train and educate our citizenry in a manner which will make it possible for them to best defend themselves against aerial attack, sabotage or Invasion would be totally unrealistic, negligent and inexcuseable." Commission All the commission members agreed with General Nelson's rec- ommendations that such an office be created and that the governor, through his emergency powers or from other sources, make avail- able a year for salaries, travel and necessary supplies. The commission consists of Mi- chael J. Hoffmann, State highway commissioner; Earl Berg, commis- sioner of Jarle fceirfallom, director of social wel- fare; Dr. A. J. Chesley, secretary of the state board of health; Ches- ter Wilson, conservation commis- sioner, and General Nelson, Establishment of a "ground ob- server corps" and a "civil air raid warning system in connection with the civil defense system were specifically urged. Organization of such a project would require volunteers, organized in 253 obser- vation posts distributed throughout 38 Minnesota counties, in the opin- ion of Colonel E. B. Miller, assist- ant commissioner of aeronautics. Mrs. George May Dies at Neillsville Neillsville, for a week, Mrs. George a semi-Invalid, died today at Neills- ville hospital. Officials said her death was due to a cerebral hemorrhage, probably induced when she collapsed Febru- ary 14 after a man allegedly broke into her home on the outskirts of Neillsville. She never regained con- sciousness. The man, Herbert Schembel; Neillsviire, is a liberty under bond after pleading Innocent to a charge of malicious destruction of 44 work." He told the court property. He is accused of breaking down the door of Mrs. May's home. Her husband was at work In Wis- thur Hertzfeldt of Arcadia, was kill-1 ed outright. His Wife, Jacqueline, 26, was in a Sparta, Wis., hospital today with possible internal injuries. A Toman physician who treated her said at noon today that her condition was fair. The older Hertzfeldts did not know that their son and his bride were on their way to visit them. Friends of the family here said they believed Duane, who has been in _. Merchant Marine operating out of "New York and Norfolk, Vs.. was planning to surprise his parents. His parents left here this morn- ing for Sparta after being notified of the accident. Mrs. Hertzfeldt is a nurse at the Whitehall Commun- ity hospital Duane graduate Hertzfeldt was a 1938 of Arcadia High school their father. The only survivor of the mlddle- of-the-night blaze was the mother, who was badly burned. Evidently, firemen said, the two-' story frame building went up like a puff. It was In ruins when fire- men got there. The victims: Farmer Gerald Beagle, 44. His children: Geraldine, 14; Bar- bara Jean, 12; Eloise, 10; Norma Mae, 9; Paul, 6; William, 5, and Linda, 23-months old baby. The mother, Mrs. Dorothy Beagle, burned and cut in a flight through window, was in serious condi- _______ and the youngest of six children. Besides his parents, he is survived by three sisters, Mrs. Gilbert (Thelma) Ek, Phoenix, Ariz., Mrs. Kenneth (Viola) Phillips, Los An- geles, Calif., and Mrs. Bernard (Phyllis) Maruszewski, Milwaukee, Wis., and two brothers, Aldus and Marvin, both of Los Angeles. Monroe County Sheriff Hans R. Biegel, who investigated the acci- dent, said the car apparently swerved across the highway and struck the abutment on the left side of the road. He said he was satisfied that no other car was Involved. Although a heavy snowfall was reported in the Tomah area today, Biegel said, the road was clear at the time of the mishap. The sheriff believed that it Is possible Hertz- feldt fell asleep and the car went out of control. There will be no inquest, he said. Mrs. Hertzfeldt told the sheriff that they had left Milwaukee about 1 a. m. on the last lap of their jour- ney from Norfolk, tion at a hospital here. The blaze, believed caused by a defective basement furnace, broke out about a. m. in near-zero temperature. Two fire trucks dashed over win- ter-rutted roads the two miles from the little community of Addison, Smoldering remained. ruins were all that New Financing Sought for U.S. Barge Lines Congress was told yesterday that a new financing plan is necessary for the Inland Waterways Corporation. The government agency operates barges on the Mississippi and its principal tributaries, exclusive of the Ohio. "Profitable operation does not appear feasible under existing con- Comptroller General Lind- say C. Warren said in his report on 1949 operations. He explained that equipment is old and deteriorated. Plainview Rejects Bond Issue MardiGras Day For Street Work In New Orleans Plainview, Minn. A proposed bond issue for street improvements here was re- jected by 132 votes in a special election Monday. Voters turned out in large num- bers, with 660 ballots cast. Of the total 396 were against the bond is- sue and 264 in favor. Yesterday's election climaxes ac- tivity begun last summer by the Plainview village council. At that tone the engineering firm of Hitch- cock and Esterbrook of Minneapolis was hired to make a survey here. On the basis Of a preliminary sur- vey, the firm estimated total cost of the project at more than The survey showed that the esti- mated total cost to property owners Miss Laura Miller, extreme right, gives close attention during yesterday's questioning of talesman at Glencoe, Minn., as counsel attempted to select a jury to try her on charges of murdering Attorney Gordon Jones of Hutchinson, Minn. At the left is the board of triers, assisting in the Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Heath's Recall It came to a head when the Bul- ujrian government submitted ows firms Is in a 300-foot long formal demand for the recall of warehouse, also housing Merchants Heath, accusing him of "abrupt in- Transfer, Keeshin Express, Lillies terference In the interior affairs" of Express, Chicago Express and the iBulgaria. U. S. Plywood Company. The it charged Heath specifically with wood firm was not seriously dam-1 being linked with Traicho Kostov, jformer deputy prune minister who and other merchandise were stroyed. New Orleans Cleopatra and Marie Antoinette got on a crowded city bus early today, dropped in seven cents each, and hung on a strap all the way to Canal street. They drew only scant admiring glances, for today is Mardi Gras and almost everyone is costumed. The few sleepy-eyed early risers met. the many all-nighters and the thunderous din of shouting, traffic, singing and shuffling blended into a giant cacophony. The reveling throng was thickest at the river end of Canal street where at 9 a.m. King Zulu arrang. ed to disembark from Mississippi river barge his to royal begin in the village would be per organized festivity. The dusky frontage and 15 per cent of for monarch and his Negro zulus par- ade in mock grandeur as a burles- que on the White Rex's pomp and pageantry. Rex, lord of misrule and emper- or of the carnival, has proclaimed that the Orleanians and their guests frolic un- strainedly until midnight ushers in the solemnity of the Lenten sea- each foot adjoining sides on cor- ner lots. Included in the project would be curbs, gutters, storm sewers and new surfaces for the village streets. The village council decided to hold a special election, thereby de- termining whether residents want- ed to schedule a bond issue on a permanent improvement revolving fund basis. Issuance of the worth of coupon bonds would create this fund. And as 'the work was com- pleted on each, street, the footage assessments would be made and the fund retired. An additional 15 mills tax levy was contemplated as further assess- ment. Voting yesterday was so heavy ex- tra ballots had to be run off at the last minute. The supply of 600 bal- lots ordinarily considered sufficient for village elections was exhausted before the polls closed at 8 p. m. Officials said today'that the turn- out was the largest since Flaiaview residents voted on a municipal Ugh-Hng WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Snow dim- inishing in intensity and ending as flurries early tonight. Wednesday partly cloudy. No Important tem- perature change. Low tonight 20 in the city, 15 in the country; high Wednesday 25. _____ LOCAL WEATHER' Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 33; minimum, 8: noon. 25; precipitation, light snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weftther on U. Dr. Peter Voutov, charge d'af- faires of the Bulgarian legation, leaves the State department in Washington, today with, the white paper he received in which the United States broke diplo- matic relations with Communist Bulgaria. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Loss In St. Paul Warehouse Fire St. transfer com- panies were heavily damaged ear- ly today by fire, battled by 18 pieces of fire-fighting equipment. Diplomatic Break First Since War Attacks Upon Consul Official Bring Action Washington H) The United States broke diplomatic relations to- day with Communist Bulgaria. American Minister Donald R. Heath and other U. S. represen- tatives in Sofia were ordered home. The break climaxes a dispute witto Bulgaria over Communist attacks on Heath and a demand from the Bul- garian government for his recall. Bulgarians Ousted Bulgaria was directed to withdraw its small diplomatic mission In Washington. Its legation here is headed now by Dr. Peter Voutov, charge d'affaires. It is the first time the United States has broken diplomatic re- lations with any nation since war. The U. S. decision was communi- cated to the Bulgarian government at Sofia yesterday. Voutov was sum- moned to the State department to- day and Informed of the action. He was directed to make arrange- ments to leave the united States with other members of the legation and their families. Break Complete After talking with Llewellyn Thompson, deputy assistant secre- tary for European affairs, Voutov told reporters "I think the break is complete." He said there axe 12 members of the legation staff, in- cluding dependents, and that ail probably would leave early In March. The State department in a formal announcement described the break as "suspension, of diplomatic rela- It means that the United Statei will have" no representatives what- ever in Bulgaria. I Closing the Sofia legation was de- cided on despite the American pol- icy of keeping representatives in for- eign capitals, even under highly un- favorable circumstances, so that they can serve as inside observers. Damage was unofficially" set at In line with that policy, United States has retained repre- _ _, ,-_ sentatives In capitals of other Soviet Four alarms bloc states despite frequent periods lu to help. The blaze broke out in an oil heater in the garage of the Mead- ows Transfer Company. The Mead- j climatic stage lasted one month. Thousands of dollars in groceries (was hanged after being convicted of de-l treason and espionage against 'Bulgarian "people's republic." Mercy Slaying Trial Near Evidence Stage By Henry Supple Manchester, N. world-spotlighted trial of Dr. Hermann N Sander charged with murder in the "mercy slaying" of a, cancerous patient moved with unexpected speed today toward actual presentation ee Catholics among the first nine jurors seated reflected the religious complexion of this industrial center heavily populated with persons of French-Canadian ances-' try. Four are 60 years or older; all of them married. Dr. Sander came back smiling for the second day of his trial on a first degree murder charge and greeted newsmen with a friendly "Good morning" as he entered the red-brick county courthouse. Mrs. Alice Sander, the nurse the doctor married when he began practicing, was with her 41-year- Dld husband. Both looked refreshed. Approximately 30 t o w n s f o Ik, about a dozen of them women, braved below zero temperatures to jet a glimpse of the doctor whose trial has attracted world-wide at- tention. Sander is charged with murder for pumping' air into the veins of a woman cancer patient to end her suffering. At the start of today's session four more jurors remained to be chosen one to serve as a pos- sible alternate. Court officials Indicated the jury may visit the Hillsborough County hospital where Mrs. Abbie Borro- to, the cancer victim, died before they hear any testimony in the case. The hospital is In the town of Goffstown about ten miles from Manchester. The state charges Dr. Sander in- jected 40 cubic centimeters of air Into the veins of Mrs. Abbie Bor- roto, 59, wife of a Manchester oil salesman, as she lay on a bed of pain at HUlsborougti County hos- pital last December. The injections, the indictment says, were given four times in quick succession and In sufficient quantities to cause death. Besides the six Catholic jurors yesterday, record.' ed their denominations as Protest- ant Episcopalian, Baptist mnd Presbyterian. Neither the defense nor prose- cution showed an inclination to bar Catholics from the Jury simply be- cause of their faith. Comments from the Vatican newspaper in Rome and from oth- er Catholic authorities have con- demned "mercy killings." Catholic doctrine is opposed to euthanasia (mercy Only once during the initial pro- ceedings was the word "mercy killing" used in court. A prospec- tive juror, William R. Connolly of Manchester, was excused by Judge Harold E. the court: Wescott after he "I'm a Catholic told and against mercy killings." Jurors Interviewed The questioning of jurors indicat- ed several had been interviewed by a persons or persons whose identities were not disclosed. At- torney General William L. Phinney said later he was investigating. Judge Wescott showed no alarm. After conferring with the defense and prosecution, be said be believ- ed the questioning was done by an he did not name as a routine matter. The nine jurors all of whom were In custody of county authori- ties over night represent several racial groups. Dr. Sander has the unprecedent- ed permission of being at liberty between court sessions. He Is free in ball. He walked with sprightly steps from the courtroom as the initial day of trial ended. The same restrictions will apply until completion of the jury. ;