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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 21, 1949, Winona, Minnesota WEATHER Rain, Sleet Tonight VOLUME 49, NO. 4 SUPPORT YOUR Y.M.C.A. WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Norway to Join Pact, Risk Reds Secretary Of Defense Forrestal, right, points to a chart in Wash- ington, D. C., as he discusses with Chairman Paul Kllday (D.- of the House armed services committee a proposed pay in- crease for service personnel. Service pay would be upped an av-' erage of 14 per cent at an increased cost of an estimated a year. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Colder Weather Slows Flood Threats in West By The Associated Press A timely recurrence of cold weather has plugged rising flood wa- ters along streams in the Midwest today as military operations con- tinued to shrink the blizzard disaster area. The freezing weather stopped the runoff from melting enow with Nebraska counties on the verge of another Impending disaster, this time from overflowing streams. The colder weather was expected to hold out through today, at least, allowing needed time for the high The Alsops Free Berlin Chink in Red Curtain By Joseph Alsop Berlin Berltaers nowadays talk the airlift as people elsewhere talk about the weather. On a fine morning they will say, not "what a beautiful but "there will be many planes today." Yet this per- petual consciousness of the roar of the big C-54's overhead is actually the only abnormal note in the life of the city. The world still thinks of the Ber- lin situation as dangerous and critical. In fact, It has become an uneventful stale- mate. There is not the slightest danger moreover, that the stalemate will be broken, either by 'Russian aggression of by the failure of the airlift to do Its Job. This spring, as the weather improves, airlift Input will increase to about tons a day. General Lucius D. Clay already has plans to Increase the airlift this summer to a year- round average of tons a day. And if the Russians fail to lift their blockade this spring, clay's plans will be put into effect. WITH tons a day, the west- ern sectors of Berlin can live a perfectly normal life. Even now, with much lower tonnages, the peo- ple of west Berlin are eating a water to roll downstream. At the same time, General Lewis A. Pick, commanding snow-removal operations, said the emergency ap- Galvin Warns Rail Tax Hike Plan Unsound Former Winonan Sees Loss to Farms, Industries of State By Jack B. Mackay St. Paul The Minnesota legislature was warned today that a boost In railroad gross earnings taxes wfll "necessarily Increase" the cost of transportation to farms and industries of the state, Briefs containing reasons why a rate boost was termed "unsound" and "unwarranted" were given leg- islators today by M. J. Galvin, form- erly of Winona, former state sen- ator and now legislative counsel for the 14 major railroads operating in the state. Galvin said the five per cent railroad gross earnings taxes now produce 70' per cent more revenue than they did in 1940, and warned: "Farms and industries of Min- nesota must have the lowest possible freight rates if they are to corn-] pete with other states. An increase! In the cost of transportation will place Minnesota farms and Indus- tries at a competitive disadvantage.' Taxe Already High In 1947, railroads in the state paid as compared with tha total of all other gross earnings taxes, exclusive of trust companies, Galvin's report shows. He said this means rail- roads paid 395 per cent more gross earnings taxes than all the others combined. In 1940 railroads paid Norse O. K. Tie-in With Atlantic Bloc By Ake Fen Oslo, Norway Norway has decided to risk Russia's and cast her lot with the west by Joining the North Atlantic defense talks. Despite Soviet warnings, the dominant Labor party has approved pro-western foreign policy of Foreign Minister Halvard M, Lange. vote at a party meeting was 229 to 33, but the opposition yesterday de- cided to make the vote unanimous. Parliamentary approval, which peared to have passed in six South Dakota counties, long snowbound, and that he had recommended de- mobilization of men and machinery there. More Plows Used Some North Dakota counties still remained tp be dug out, however, and General Pick said more equip- ment was being sent Into that area. pieces of snow-moving equipment were in operation there. The worst Nebraska flooding oc- curred in the vicinity of Falls City, where the Nemaha river and other smaller streams had Inundated a total of 23 square miles. At Agency, Mo., the Platte river was reported out ol its banks. The Willamette river and Its trl- "Minnesota railroads should not have to face the constant threat Philadelphia Cheers Transit Strike's End of a hastily conceived and unex- pected increase in the gross uue ings tax Galvin said. He pointed out that railroads in Min- nesota employ an estimated persons. Galvin Insisted the public needs the protection given by the con- Philadelphia A subway guard shouted "Watch the A crowded bus squealed to a stop. A trolley motorman besought his passengers to "move to the rear He said men and 229 heavy stitution, which now provides that any proposed change in railroad taxes requires approval of the voters The lawmakers were informec that revenue collected from rail- roads each year from 1943 to 1946 "substantially exceeded" the receipts derived from taxes on liquor, oc- cupation tax on iron ore, and the ad valorem property tax. "Of particular sale butaries which had flooded upper; Galvin, "is the fact that from 1939 valley lowlands in Oregon also were falling substantially. The last of the guests who had ieen marooned for six days behind 50-foot snowdrifts at a Mount Hood ski resort near Timberline, Ore., left for their homes yesterday. In the absence of blowing snow throughout most of the great plains, to 1946 the railroad gross earnings tax has on an average equaled 48.23 per cent of the amount col- lected by means of the state in- come tax." With the rate at five per cent, ac- cording to Galvin, the railroads are actually paying more taxes than they would be required to pay if General Pick reported excellent were taxed on an ad valorem gress generally over the weekend goods a in clearing highways and railroads The Union Pacific railroad's main ine In Wyoming was cleared again jut some branch lines still were snowblocked. Dig Out Stranded Train During the operations Saturday In North Dakota, rescue crews with a weasel reached the home of Mrs Jake Schclke near McClusky and 'ound the woman alone with th >ody of her husband who had died ten days before. Another crew found a stranded train near the Canadian border. Some snow was reported today in the northern plains states and Up- >er Mississippi valley and in New England, while southern Iowa and west centra gooas a mue more "vauouu: nUnols hadllght freezing rain. Some before the blockade. As for their: spirit, it has already been tested. The Berllners showed their spirit (Continued on Page 4, Column 4.) ALSOPS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Cloudy, freezing rain or sleet tonight and possibly early Tuesday morning, becoming partly cloudy Tuesday afternoon. No important tempera-, ture change. Low tonight 25; high' Tuesday 34. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 30: minimum, 21; noon. 30; precipitation, trace of snow. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 31; minimum, 22; noon, 31; precipitation, trace of snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Chicago 33 31 Denver 49 29 Des Moines .....25 22 .10 Duluth 19 14 .01 Int. Falls........ 4 2 .01 Kansas City..... 30 26 .05) Los Angeles 60 43 I Miami 78 70 Mpls.-St. Paul ..20 9 .Oil New York 60 30 Seattle 44 36 .43! Phoenix 75 40 Washington...... 66 40 Winnipeg te f d had was reported along the northwest Pacific coast and the western gulf coast. Elsewhere, skies generally were cloudy with tem- peratures mostly near or above nor- mal. Bale of Hay From Airlift Plane Kills Utah Sheepherder Salt Lake City West- ern airlift operations claimed a second victim yesterday. A bale of hay dropped from a plane struck and killed a sheepherder. The victim was identified as Willard Peacock, about 60, of Salina, Utah. The first such fatality occur- red earlier this month when a Navajo woman succumbed after being struck by a package tossed from a plane carrying supplies to snowbound Arizona Indians. Captain H. L. Stewart, pub- lic relations officer at the HiU Air base, Ogden, Utah, said Peacock was killed when two C-47's were dropping hay at a sheep camp approximately 50 miles northwest of Milford, in .west central Utah. basis. Higher Than In Nearby States Galvin produced a table in the brief showing that the taxes "per mile of road paid by rail- roads in Minnesota, are much higher than similar taxes paid by roads in nine neighboring states. During the last ten years, he said, the tax in the state has Jump- ed 130 per cent "without any in- crease In the rate" despite sky- rocketing labor and material costs, with the result' net earnings of railroads have declined. "Operating revenues have not kept pace with increased expenses not- withstanding Increases in. freight Galvin asserted. "While railroad taxes with a fixed rate have increased 71.82 per cent since 1940, on the other hand, real property taxes Imposed on valorem base but very with rigid ad increased rates have gone up only 47.44 per cent." The Senate tn Recess state senate was in recess today, but the house of representa- tives convened at 2 p. m. Adjourn- ment will be taken until Wednesday since tomorrow, Washington's' birth- day anniversary, is a legal holiday. The highly-controversial state li- quor dispensary plan will get an- other airing at a public hearing at 10 a. m, Wednesday before the touse liquor control committee. Representative Lawrence F. Haeg of Robbinsdale announced he is "sidetracking" several other bills referred to his committee, of which tie is chairman, so that the state monopoly proposal can be given early consideration. Tucker Corporation Investigation Starts Chicago A federal grand iury opened an investigation to- day into the activities of Preston Tucker and "certain aspects" of the Tucker Corporation. Otto Kerner, Jr., U. S. attorney, estimated 100 witnesses will be heard the month-long inquiry into the fledgling automobile manufactur- ing company's affairs. It is the corporation's first criminal investi- jation. Tucker, himself, commenting on iie inquiry, said it "will clear the Tucker Corporation and give it the breath of life it needs." 1 Waiting Passengers In Philadelphia, Pa., early today cheer a Philadelphia Transportation Company bus as it starts operation after the end of a ten-day strike. Transit employes, voting at a mass meeting, approved the end of the walkout, and service was started last night, about three hours after the P.T.C. started back to work. (AP. Wirephoto to The For Philadelphia's commuting millions, those were welcome sounds today. The city's ten-day transit strike was over. The Philadelphia Transportation Company's stock began moving last night, a few hours after rank and file C.I.O. unionists roared ap- proval of the pay raise that ended their walkout. Although the transit tie-up was ended, the nation's third largest city will not soon forget the "Strike of which cost business and industry an estimated It forced the dailyj P.T.C. riders to scramble Into the j farmers would have to get "mad city by their own resources. Sar-j enough" to prevent their being dine-can tight suburban trainsj made the scapegoats of another de- Congress Pushes Blizzard Aid Bill By Douglas B. Cornell Washington Congress shoved along In lending money today for snowed-in farmers and ranchers in the western disaster belt. And it gave a push to a donation to the United Nations to help displaced Jews and Arabs in the world's Middle East. House leaders ticketed the loan bill for quick passage right at the start of a light week on Capitol Hill Then the Senate must act, but that won't be before next week. Senate leaders gave the signal for action on the Displaced Persons fund. Then, In turn, It will be up to the House on that. Patton Urges Farm Parity Price Support Ean Claire, Wls. James Patton, national president of the lugged some. Many walked. Thou- sands hitch-hiked. And when the strike came to pression. Addressing the 19th annual con- vention of the Wisconsin unit, Pat- its stormy end last night, Phila-jton said: delphians could look back on "Fanners are disorganized and noisy mass rallies, one of which) the resultant confusion keeps them broke up in a near-riot. from getting what they want from Congress. On the other hand, in- Is tightly organized to con- boost of eight cents an hour and for 100 ner cent Vimame ri.lnlof nf FaXWu cailBQ lor J.uu pci i-cm parity of all farm products, im- ten "fringe" benefits.. Chief of those was a provision for sick leave payments. It was a fourth round Increase for the union, raising the workers' wages 48 cents above what they got in 1946. The strike cost each union man some a day. Each gained 64 cents. Previously workers averaged an hour. They now make P.T.C. announced a loss of about The company says It has to increase fares to keep from going bankrupt. P.T.C. already ias raised its .fares twice in the last three .years. mediate repeal of the Taft-Hartley law, a system of cooperative ware- houses for farm products and a broadened old age assistance and federal health program. Most Markets Close Tuesday New York Security and commodity exchanges throughout the United States will be closed Washington's birthday, Tuesday February 22. Various livestock mar- kets will be open. Republicans and Democrats have "urging that the treaty should leave a gentleman's agreement to hold down on business while many mem- bers take a few days off or make speeches about George Washing- ton, Andrew Jackson and politics Democrats will be turning out at the end of the week for Jacjkson- day dinners to raise money for the party treasury. Republicans had their turn at party affairs during the week of Abraham Lincoln's birthday. Sessions Scheduled Both Senate and House have ses- sions scheduled for today, tomor- row and Thursday. Members will listen tomorrow to the reading In both chambers of Washington's farewell address. They always do on Washington'! birthday. The Thursday sessions are just routine. The blizzard bill before the House would make loan funds available through the regional Agricultural Credit Corporation. House leaders said it might be necessary to make some changes In order to be sure the bill isn't too broad. They ex- pected no trouble to develop. A couple of dozen other bills were on the House schedule. One would define the overtime pay status of and' construction Chaini Weizmann, right, 74-year-old elder statesman, raises his right hand as he is sworn in as first president of the new state of Israel in Jerusalem. At left is Joseph Sprinza, president of the Israel Assembly. (AP. Wirephoto via radio from longshoremen workers. It's business as usual for com- mittees this week. But nothing big Is near the stage of a final show- down. Senate committees will be working on foreign aid, housing, continuing the reciprocal trade agreements act and what to do about the Taft-Hartley labor law. House Committees House committees will be busy with foreign aid and rent control. The House armed services com- mittee began a new project today- hearings on a bill to raise pay all along the line in the military serv- 'ices. Secretary of Defense Forres- tal topped the witness list. Over the weekend. House lead-. ers uncovered a loophole in a pet new rule which they think may let them stop a veterans' pension bill that would cost billions. It's a technical point, and' it would require the unanimous co- operation of the eight Democrats land four Republicans on the rules committee. But the pension issue won't jell until March 14, when Chairman Security Pact To Be Ready Next Month By John M. Hightower Washington The State de partment hopes to present to Con- gress in about one month a power packed North Atlantic security treaty. It would be enforced by a multlbfflion dollar military aid proposal for the countries of west- ern Europe. Secretary of Stats Acheson, Can- adian and European negotiators will enter the final stage of treaty negotiations this week. They plan conference at the State depart- ment Tuesday or Wednesday. Acheson then Is expected to have another talk with the Senate for- eign relations committee. Its bers convinced him in a session Friday that the Senate can be ex- pected to approve a strongly word- ed commitment to Europe, even though any automatic war com- mitment is out. Parallel with this work, the State department la coordinating plans for the arms mutual aid program. This Is expected to require more than a billion dollars in appro- priations the first to net the European upwards of worth of arms with the help of surplus Army stocks now available. Other Meanwhile, the weekend brought these other developments: 1. Senator Pulbright (D.-Aric.) declared the Atlantic pact must carry a moral commitment that the United States will act In event of an aggression against any of the treaty countries. He reasoned that no such thing as a legal com- mitment is possible. Senator Smith (R.-N. J.) Indicated that he is no doubt that the United States would move quickly 11 Russia de- cided to march. 2. Senator Taft (R.-Ohlo) said In a speech at Kenton. Ohio, that he was "inclined to favor" some such treaty as the Atlantic pact, but In the absence of details "I don't know exactly what it's sup- posed to be like." Taft added that of course, any agreement will have to meet the constitutional provi- sion that only Congress can com- mit the country to war. 3. The Washington Post said In a copyrighted article that a poll It took showed the Senate would vote overwhelmingly to fight should Russia attack any one of the North Atlantic treaty countries. Of the 51 senators replying to a question on the subject, the Post said 50 said they would vote to repeal armed aggression, 37 others de- clined to answer at this time and eight could not be reached. Cut In Fonda Asked 4. Senator Capehart (R.-Ind.) called for a slash In European recovery funds, now up for ap- propriation. He proposed thereby to make money available to fin- ance the projected new military aid program without increasing'! this nation's total dollar output to Europe. He predicted he would get "some" support. 5. The Foreign Policy associa- tion declared that the greatest weakness of the Atlantic treaty, from the European viewpoint, is dts lack of an automatic war pledge. Nations which antagonize jussia by joining the alliance, Ills private association said, want assurance of instant American ielp, not a congressional debate in ihe event they are attacked. ;o a 330 to 35 vote for approval on steps to put Norway in the Atlantic security system. This was still necessary, is expected this week. All parties except the small communist representation are back- ing Lange's policies. Observers said it Is only a' ques- tion of before Norway Joined the North Atlantic pact In progress In Washington. They said the U. 8. timetable probably would be the deciding factor on when the Join. Langs stressed the belief It to necessary for Norway to turn to the west for protection because he believes the United Nations is not capable of ensuring peace. Look to V. 8. Norway's leaders feel a regional defense system offers more pro- tection for small nations. But they rejected, a Scandinavian pact with Sweden and Denmark because they believed that too could not afford them the security they need unless it were tied In with the North Atlantic pact. The projected North Atlantic al- liance would link the defenses of the United States, Canada, Britain, France, Belgium, Holland and Lux- embourg. Tha Norwegian Laboraarty action killed Swedish and Danish for a last-minute change In tha Norwegian attitude. They had hoped for a compromise between the ori- ginal Swedish stand for a complete- ly neutral Scandinavian and the Norwegian stand for a de- finite link with the Atlantic powers. The compromise alliance would have been neutral in form only, It would have relied on the west for military supplies. Division in ScanllnaTU Swedish Premier Tage Erlander said yesterday after the Labor party vote that a division of Scandinavia was a fact. He declared In a speech the division was causing deep grief In all three Scandinavian countries. He added, however, that traditional policy of neutrality would not be altered by the Norwegian de- cision. Erlander said position would have been even more difficult if Lange had not obtained definite assurances on his recent trip to Washington that Norway would not have to allow her territory to used as for the big In peacetime. The possibility of Norwegian soil being used for western bases crop- ped up in both Russian to Norway asking about her intentions. Sweden fears the Russians might counter the Norwegian move to join the Atlantic pact by moving up troops along her frontier with Nor- way and along the Norwegian-Fin- nish frontier. Even if no armed conflict re- sulted, the burden of extraordinary military preparedness would cause great economic difficulties In all three Scandinavian countries. N.LR.B. Fines General Motors On T-H Violation Washington The Nation- al Labor Relations Board today tound General Motors Corporation labor practice into effect for of an trying to put group Insurance plan without con- sulting the C.I.O. United Auto Workers. The board ruled unanimously that General Motors violated the Taft-Hartley act by not bargain- Ing with the union before attempt-' ing to apply the plan to its employes February 1, 1948. NXJEUB. General Counsel Robert N. Denham had obtained a court Injunction to block General Motors' proposed action last year. The corporation did not oppose' 6. Norway's dominant L a b o r tfae injunction and negotiated a party gave the government at Os- new contract with the C.I.O.- U.A.W. on May 28, 19.48. said General that Motors spokesman workers despite clear warning from thejcovered by the plan last February, Soviet union that the that the injunction had stop- would take a serious view of ped it for the production workers such action. There was no evidence for the time being. iat the Norwegians believe that he treaty would not offer them a reasonable assurance of pro- tection. Their moves to participate were regarded here as of great Importance to the success of the whole venture. Long Prairie Woman Dead in Florida Lonjr Prairie, Minn. Mrs. Rudolph Lee, 72, wife of the pub- isher of the Long Prairie Leader, died today in Sarasota, Fla., accord- uuui IT, vYncii wuiuiuuui ing to word received here. Rankin (D.-Miss.) of the veterans The Lees, residents of Minne- committee plans to try to force a apolis for the past 20 years, left a House vote. His bill would give month ago on an annual trip to veterans of both World Wars Florida. Three weeks ago Mrs. Lee a. mouth when they become 85. J broke a leg in a fall. Hog Escapes Police Barrage of Bullets blazing, three policemen tried in vain to bring home the bacon. Patrolmen Daniel Shimmell and John Kasl fired when they were attacked by a ferocious 300-pound hog which escaped from a packing- house. "Our first shots dropped him on his they said. But the animal recovered. Despite a fusillade of shots from Shimmell and Kasl and another officer who joined them, the hog charged again (then again, finally escaping, bullet-ridden, down a railroad 1 track. ;