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Winona Republican Herald Newspaper Archives

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 18, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Warmer Tonight, Local Showers Friday Winona T.C. Vs. St. Mary's 8 O'Clock Tonight NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 75 SiX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 18, 1954 State Liquor Tax Revenue For '53 Rises Iron Ore, Income Tax Receipts Drop; State Debt Lowered By JACK B. MACKAY _ ST. PAUL to Iron ore and income tax receipts dropped heav ily, but liquor tax revenues showei a sharp increase for the fisca year 1953. Of all sources of revenue amounting to almost 300 million dollars, received by the state liquor tax receipts showed the biggest upsurge. Harold L. Henderson, executive director of the Minnesota Institute of Governmental Research, reveal ed today in a two-year analysis of the state's fiscal operations tha liquor taxes, including fees and licenses, rose to from the preceding year's figure of a hike of Income tax receipts declined and iron ore occupation taxes dived mainly due to a steel strike in the summer ol 1952. The fiscal year 1953 ended June 30. The state liquor tax is 56 cents on a fifth of 86 proof whisky and the federal tax is This means that or more than 50 per cent of the average price of S4.25, is taken by taxes. The exact amount of revenue received in 1953 was but the state spent Although costs exceeded receipts by the budget was bal- anced with surpluses in the treas- ury. Increase Hevenues from all sources in- creased largely due to an increase of in federal aids, according to Henderson's re- port. .Federal grants for 1953 a- mounted to Receipts from tax sources dropped 000 the first decline in taxes over a decade. Beceipts from the gasoline tax increased by and from the motor vehicle tax by 000. Heceipts from these two sources were respectively 000 and These funds can be spent only for highway pur- poses. Other highlights of Henderson's report are: Old age assistance grants to counties totaled in 1953, only a small increase over 1952. This item is expected to be lower, as the case load is now declining Safe After A Brush with death today, Lila Stroud, of De- troit, Mich., rests after her life was saved by Mrs. Madonna Capps, left. Mrs. Capps applied artificial respiration when she answered cries of other children and found Lila nearly drowned in a drainage ditch. Next to Mrs. Capps are her daughter and son. (UP Telephoto) Ike Defense of Butter Cut Churns Up Congress By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON Eisenhower's defense of lower gov- ernment price supports as a step aimed at getting butter back on he American dinner table churned fresh controversy in Congress to- day. Eisenhower at Palm Springs For Rest, Golf PALM SPRINGS, Calif. W President Eisenhower, warmly wel- comed to this desert vacation re- "persons are "being I sort> looked forward today to soak- covered by the survivors insurance program. The state debt of was lower on June 30, 1953, than a year earlier. This was more than accounted for by the reduction of the soldiers bonus debt. Costs increased largely due to a record highway construction program amounting to Otter factors in in- creased costs were a bike for the University of Min- Sen. Aiken (R-Vt) said he agrees with the President and will begin public hearings next week on the "whole dairy problem" before his Senate Agriculture Committee. The House was not far behind. Chairman Hope (R-Kan) said the House Agriculture Committee will start hearings March 10 on new farm legislation, which he called "everybody's problem." "The stability and prosperity of agriculture is as essential to city 'populations as to the Hope said. "Their economic inter- ests are indistinguishable." As the first witness before the House committee, Secretary of Agriculture Benson is certain to run into fresh squalls-over reduc- tion of butter price supports and his insistence on a flexible system of government price aid. Benson ordered tee government support price on butter cut from 66 to about 58 cents April 1. ing up plenty of of it on the golf course. The President and Mrs. Eisen- hower arrived here last night for five days of rest after a 9Wi-hour nonstop flight from Washington. A crowd of about persons turned out at the airport and cheered the couple as they de- scended from their private plane, tha Columbine. Smiling, the Presi- dent stepped to a battery of micro- nesota, larger grants to! phones and declared: French Oppose U.S. Move to Train Natives Lt. Gen. O'Daniel Mentioned for Indochina Job By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON American move to help train anti-Communis Indochinese troops appeared cer tain today to run into strong op- position from top French govern ment and army leaders. There were solid signs that if France accepts this American sug gestion it will do so reluctantly French military authorities were reported convinced they are train- ing loyal Indochinese recruits as fast as humanly possible and that American aid in this task is not needed. To back up their arguments, French diplomats reported today plans to mobilize an additional 108 "commando" battalions of anti- Communist troops this year. If this goal is met, they emphasized, loyal Indochinese forces will total some outnumbering the man Communist force for the first time. Coupled with the French Expeditionary Corps, this would give anti-Communist forces a 5-3 manpower advantage unpre- cedented in the bloody seven-year- old conflict. The Defense Department dis. closed late yesterday that it has. informally proposed that the French allow Americans to help, train native forces, mainly Viet Nam recruits. It reported Lt. Gen. John W. O'Daniel, commander of American Army forces in the Paci- fic, would be sent to Indochina to lead an enlarged American mili- :ary mission which would have some training responsibilities, if :he French agreed. The Pentagon explained that the matter so far is being discussed via military rather than diplomatic channels. The French Embassy, comment- ing on the Pentagon statement, said emphatically it knew of no formal request of this kind. Diplo- matic spokesmen made clear their opinion that any such American bid would have to be decided on a high diplomatic level. Sen. Humphrey a j member of the Senate Foreign Re-1 lations Committee, said O'Daniel's possible mission was discussed in detail by Adm. Arthur Radford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of j Staff, and Under Secretary of State Walter B. Smith in a closed- door meeting with committee members Tuesday. "The committee gave strong, unanimous encouragement to this Humphrey added. He said he understood there need not be any substantial increase in the 300- orea ineva Only Major Accord From Big 4 Rally Firemen And A Deputy sheriff inspect the wreckage of a semitrailer truck in which Lyn- wood Custer, Great Falls, Mont., burned to death near Waukesha, Wis., early today after his truck collided with another at Highways 30 and 16. John Podlagar, 17, Caledonia, Wis., driver of the other truck, died several hours later at Waukesha Hospital. (UP Telephoto) Two Caught at CHJJ 4J.H.L i-C4Jt, UilL, Meanwhile, the committee gave man American military mission a cool reception to a. Senate-! now in mdochina in order to help passed bill to place coffee trading under federal regulation because of high prices. Eisenhower at his news confer- Humphrey said he is familiar with French arguments that they are training native troops as fast local schools, and larger grants (from federal funds) for the construction of local hospitals. Ike to Consider Emergency Steps If Dip Continues WASHINGTON President Eis- enhower said Wednesday that if employment does not rise next month he will consider emergency steps to make sure the country does not slide into a depression. He indicated the possibility of asking Congress to raise personal income tax exemptions to pump new purchasing power into the economy. Mr. Eisenhower made the state- ment at a news conference shortly before he took off for California for a brief vacation. He is sched- uled to return Monday. The President .said March will be the critical month in the unem- ployment situation since his eco- nomic advisers have told him de- mand for workers should start picking up then. If they prove to be wrong or if there are other adverse economic developments, he said, he will not hesitate to use any powers at the command of the federal govern- ment to prevent any trend toward depression. He indicated he is not too con- cerned about revised Commerce Department figures issued Tuesday which showed that unemployment climbed above the three million mark in early January. The President expressed belief that the sharp increase partly re- flected an actual rise in unemploy- ment and partly the new and broader survey upon which the Commerce Department based its estimates. Mr. Eisenhower's pledge to take emergency action if necessary came as union and business spokesmen clashed sharply over whether unemployment has reach- ed dangerous levels and whether recession looms. "We are delighted to be ence Wednesday said he has no as possible and that American aid present thought of reconsidering couid not help speed this task, the reduction in butter supports observations lead us to other he said. jannounced by Benson, back I The President said the huge here once again. We have been stocks of butter, cheese and dairy looking forward for a long .time products piled up were a warning j StCVCIIS to this trip. We are delighted tojto the public and the dairy in be in this state.' The with the First Lady's mother, Mrs. John S. welcomed officially by California's Knight. Gov. Goodwin J. On hand, too, was one of the Ei- senhowers' hosts, old friend Paul G. Hoffman, board chairman ofj the Studebaker Corp., and former chief of the government's foreign aid program. Hoffman invited Eisenhower to Palm Springs four years ago, but the Eisenhowers actually are stay- ing here at the Smoke Tree Ranch home of Paul H. Helms, a bakery executive. McCarthy's Wife Hurt in Crash NEW YORK wife of Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (R-Wis.) was injured Wednesday night in an auto accident from which her husband escaped unharmed, police report- ed. Police said the 29-year-old Mrs. McCarthy suffered multiple injur- ies. However, they added, both she and her husband declined police offers to get medical aid. Police said Mrs. McCarthy's in- juries were on her right ankle, knee and hip. The senator later told newsmen her ankle had been hurt, "but it's nothing serious just a slight swelling." The driver of a private car that police said hit the McCarthy's taxi at 48th street and Park avenue was arrested a block away. Identified as Bengt Nordberg, of Scars- dale, N. Y., he was booked on charges of drunken driving and driving without a license. dustry that this should not tinue. He said the country was never justified in producing some- thing and letting it spoil. Reporters asked about earlier announcements that price supports on basic crops would be cut grad- ually, or about 5 per cent at a time, instead of the 15-point drop applying to butter. WASHINGTON UPI Secretary of the Army Stevens laid down a policy today that any reserve offi- cer who refuses to answer ques- tions on loyalty data "when prop- erly asked" will forfeit his com- mission and be discharged "under conditions other than ROCHESTER, Minn. UP) Two 5 Soviet Marshals Helped Catch Beria By TOM REEDY BERLIN The coup pulled Lavrenty P, Beria from the Moscow scene was handled person- ally by five Soviet army marshals, _ _ tiiiv uv live ijuvicii ai ill y 18-year-old youths from Brainerd Eastern sources said today, and Milaca with eight guns and) And the influence __ nine boxes of ammunition in their I Kremlin policy, these informants possession were arrested here Wed- jsaid, explains in part the unswerv- nesday in a car they said they had that stolen Tuesday night at Little Falls. The two were held without charge. dying Bi_ military dispositions in Germany and Austria. The pair told police they had j By their account, the army has taken the guns early Wednesday i advised Premier Georgi Malenkov from a Brainerd hardware and IJt cannot feel safe vf if its divis- sporting goods store. The car was registered to M. W. Vaughn Malenkov sent Molotov here Little Falls, j to block troop withdrawals at all Police Chief James J. Macken costs._ Through 'the failure of the identified "the" youths" as' Joe Mit- io, German uni- -r T, j j T I fication and an Austrian mdepend- chell, Jr., Bramerd, and Jay Blom- j ence treatV; the troops wiu stay quist, Milaca. The two were picked up after a police officer saw them trying to _uf. tails from Russian and Soviet __ The Vagaries of nature combined to create this fantastic formation of snow suspended from the eaves of a metal roof on a building at Big Bear Lake, Calif. The late afternoon sun caused the melting snow to slide slowly off the roof. But before it could tumble to the ground, a sudden drop in temperature coincident with sundown froze the snow in this position. (AP Wire- photo) Bar Association MADISON, Wis. W An officer of the Dane County Bar Associa- an n i. 11 -i. j. i_r it. start the stalled car on-a downtown Quarters this street with a "jump wire" instead of a key. Patrolman Hyatt "Jack" Frost approached the car, saw it had no key and asked Mitchell, the driver, to pull it into the curb. Mitchell started the engine with a "jump wire" and tried to pul! away but Frost jumped on the side of the car. Frost signaled to Patrolman Dean Lent, on beat across the street, and the two officers took the two boys to the station, where they found two loaded a shell in the Blomquist. Searching the car, police found six more guns, all loaded, and nine boxes of assorted ammunition. The P-38 automatics, three ,22 calibre revolvers, a .25 automa- tic and two .38 automatics were valued at about Court Martial Ordered for ROW 'Informer' WASHINGTON UP) The Army today ordered Cpl. Edward Dick- enson to stand a court martial trial on charges that lie informed (picture of the downfall of Beria, the interior minister and secret po- lice chief whose execution was an- nounced Dec. 24. No one apparently ever had more distinguished captors. Beria there- fore never was suspicious until the net was drawn. It happened one early cummer night when Beria was the honored guest at a Polish Embassy party. Also present were Marshal Nikolai Bulganin, minister of the armed forces; Deputy War Minister Mar- shal Georgi K. 2hukov, conqueror of Berlin and the army's real spokesman; and Marshal Leonid A. Govorov, famed in the defense of Leningrad. With two other marshals, they escorted Beria from the party in such a manner that he never sus- pected he was being given any- thing but the honored treatment due the No. 2 man in the govern- ment. And Malenkov was not there. The party left in three cars. litting at the wheel of Beria's car war. a full general who had doffed j his uniform and donned that of a chauffeur. The convoy beaded first for Beria's home. Then, before the po- j lice chief realized what was -hap- pening, it swung into a prison courtyard. There the marshals de- livered Beria to their own hand- picked jailers. It was .a Dulles Says West Will Continue To Guard Berlin By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER BERLIN The Big Four for- eign ministers reached agreement tonight on plans for a Korean peace conference to be held on April 26 in Geneva and agreed that 'the problem of ending the Indo- china war should be discussed at the same time. The announcement was con- tained in a four-power communi- que issued at the close of the 23- day Berlin conference. The action came after a new de- bate on methods of easing the complexities of life in divided Ger- many and after Russia refused to make any concession on Austria's continued occupation. The proposed Geneva conferencn would embrace about 20 16, including America, Britain and France, which fought on the U. N. side in Korea, Rus- sia, Red China and North Korea. But the great problem of Ger- man unification was unsolved at the meeting. Molotov has spent much time in the Berlin Big Four meeting, which closes today, arguing for a Big Five conference including the Chinese Reds. The West has 're- jected this and insisted the Big Four here should sponsor a limited conference of all interested nations on: Sixth Secret Session Secretary of State Dulles, Bri- tain's Anthony Eden and France's eorges Bidault went into their sixth secret session with Molotov today hoping that no last-minute maneuver on his part would make a Korean conference agree- ment impossible. Highly placed informants said mixed eight-man tribunal headed by Marshal Ivan g Konev that tried Beria as an tion said today the group's execu- enemy of the state, convicted him tive committee and board of gov- ordered him shot. Many quar- ernors_had voted_ at ters believe he had been liquidated a special meeting to request Cir cuit Judge Alvin C. Reis, Madi- son, to resign. U. S. Atty. George E. Rapp, As- sociation treasurer, said the action long before the Christmas Eve announcement of the execution. In discussing Beria, the Eastern were surprisingly is evident that in the had caused a mistrial in a traffic accident damage suit before a jury in his court Wednesday. Reis, 62, was taken to a hos- pital where it was reported his condition was not serious. Rapp said Paul Griffith, Associa- tion president, had called the spe- cial meeting, because of a "parade about as long as the of complaints actions. about Judge Reis' Reis was appointed circuit judge on fellow American prisoners and {D 1935 by former Gov. Philip F. collaborated with his Communist La Folletfe and has been re-elected captors to gain better treatment j four consecutive times since. His for himself. present term expires Jan. 1, 1957. 1 The disparity was so wide there Dickenson was arrested Jan. 22 1 Atty. Charles W. Totto, the Gov- 1 was only one way to end the arga talk is against him. These sources said the basic argument between Beria and other members of the Politburo was over the concept of Soviet government. They outlined events this way: Beria, devoted to Stalin, believed that one-man rule was the only kind that would work in Russia. JIalenfcov and others agreed that dictatorship is necessary for Rus- sia's masses, but said it should be a "committee" form of govern- ment. at Walter Reed Army Hospital here and has been undergoing a pre- rial investigation since Jan. 26. ernor's legal counsel, said a Cir-'ment, the Politburo concluded, and cuit Judge can be impeached only the army was called in to do the by vote of the state Legislature, hatchet work. Dollar Day Bargains Friday and Saturday (FREE BUS RIDES TO 11 A. M. FRIDAY) he Western ministers still were insistent that the conference ini- tially include only the 20 govern- ments most interested n the Ko- ean 16 U.N. members which sent troops there, South brea, Communist North Korea, Red China and Russia. They in- isted such neutrals as India be 'arred. Agreement to hold a Korean con- erence would be the only major accord produced by the foreign ministers in their 25 days of de- bate. On the major conference of Germany and independence for ministers wound up in hopeless deadlock. Against the background of fail- ure on European problems, Dulles declared the Western Powers will continue to guard Berlin as the first frontier of their freedom and any attack against the city will be treated as an attack against the United States, Britain and France. Starts Home Tonight Addressing U.S. troops stationed in Berlin, Dulles who starts home tonight, said the West will per- severe in its efforts to unify Ger- many. On each side of the grim line dividing Berlin, rival masses of Germans prepared to express their resentment in demonstrations to- night over the deadlock barring reunification in the foreseeable future. In the Communist East, x the Western ministers get the blame because they insisted free elec- tions must be the base for German unification. In the Western book, Germany was the No. 1 conference problem for solution and the long-delayed independence treaty for Austria was No. 2, WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and cloudiness and warmer tonight. Friday cloudy with occasional local showers, turning colder Friday night. Low. tonight 40, high Friday 55. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 51; minimum, 29; noon, 51; precipitation, none; sun 'sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 51 at a.m. to- day. Minimum, 40 at a.m. Noon readings temp. 51, skies, clear with visibility at 15 miles, wind from the southeast at 15 miles per hour, barometer 30.12 falling slowly, humidity 53 per cent. ;