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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 18, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Warmer Tonight, Snow or Rain On Thursday Brotherhood Week Feb. 15-22; Make it Live VOLUME 53, NO. 1 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 18, 1953 Dairy Products, Coa Drugs Curbs Lifted I WASHINGTON an The gov- ernment today lifted price controls from milk, butter, ice cream and other dairy products. Drugs, cos- metics, coal and most service charges, such as for auto, radio and television repairs, also were freed from controls.' Price Stabilizer Joseph Freehill said the items decontrolled in the new list affect about 10 per cent of the articles used in making up the cost of living index. He said the Office of Price Stabilization Missing from the list was cigar- ets and other tobacco products on which OPS had planned Tues- day to lift 'controls. The agency decided overnight to substitute milk and dairy products and oleo- margarine for the tobaccos. This was the third major action in stripping off price curbs since President Eisenhower called for ending controls in an orderly man- ner by April 30. Freehill estimated that more than 25 billion dollars worth of still retains full control over about j goods and services based on an 13 per cent of the items and partial annual business volume was af- control over about 3.5 per cent, fected by today's action; Committee Disagrees With Ike on Tax Cut By CHARLES P. BARRETT WASHINGTON UV-The House Ways and Means Committee dis- agreed vigorously and openly today with President Eisenhower's avowed policy of putting spending cuts ahead of any reductions in taxes. A tax cut must "precede, not follow" budget reductions, the committee said in a report to the House only one day after Eisen- strongly renewed his stand for the reverse order. Further, the committee asserted, a delay in tax trimming until the level of spending is the approach stressed by Eisen- well have serious economic consequences." This language brought squarely into the open a simmering clash among Republicans over tax policy and raised the threat of a possible presidential veto. It was approved by the committee in a closed meet- ing late a roll- call vote. TODAY Doubt Reds Want War Widened By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The basic Ad ministration policy is to disengage the Western forces, and particular- ly the American forces, now tied down in local wars in the Far East. For this purpose, South Ko- reans are to be substituted for Americans in the line in Korea and the Free Indochinese Army is to be powerfully strengthened. The Asians are to fight the Asians, insofar as possible, as President Eisenhower suggested during his campaign. This clearly rules out the kind of costly and grinding local offen- sive in Korea that has been ad- vocated by Gen. James Van Fleet. To complete the record, however, it must Ije added that other moye.s against the Chinsse Communists are not yet excluded. Civil Defense Plane Spotting Interest Lags May Be Reason Ike Reiterated Russ Has A-Bomb By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON over lagging public interest in the vol- unteer skywatcher part of the air defense program appeared tod .y to be partly responsible for Presi- dent Eisenhower's reiterated dec- laration that Russia doe.s indeed have atomic weapons. Eisenhower, on his own initia- tive, spoke up on the subject at his news conference yesterday. He read the statement by Chair- man Gordon Dean of the Atomic Energy Commission on Jan. ssued after former President Tru- man had stated doubt that Russia lad workable atomic bombs. Dean said the Soviets had exploded three atomic bombs. The President said he thought Dean's statement was absolutely true, word for word. The President's voluntary dis- ussion of Soviet bomb making capability was again-st this back- ground: 1. The Air Force program for recruiting an ultimate total of more than men, women :nd youths to keep 24-hour watch or hostile planes which may slip hrough the radar network is far jehind schedule. By the end of last pear only a little over per- ions in the 27 Northern and coast- il states involved in "Operation Skywatch" had volunteered. 2. The Federal Civil Defense Ad- ministration, which like the Air The committee planned to make Force has been troubled by indif- Nehru Blasts Military Men in Political Life it public today. Some newsmen saw a copy in advance of that action. Passage Recommended The report formally sends to the House, with a recommendation for passage, a bill by Committee Chairman Reed (R-NY) to cut indi- vidual income taxes 10 per cent starting July bill approved 21-4 by the committee Monday. At his first White House news conference, Eisenhower said yes- terday that the-government cannot afford to reduce taxes or federal income until it has in sight a spend- ing program which balances in- come and outgo. Otherwise, he added, higher taxes may result in future. Eisenhower would not say In judging the gamble in such veto any tax bill j s which may reach his desk. But he did say at one point he would not consent as things now stand to any reduction in government reve- nue without a substitute which would bring in as much. The President indicated if the excess profits tax on business is to expire June 30 as provided in present administration would seek a substitute for that (Continued on Page 9; Column 7) EISENHOWER Mankato Council Meetings Short MANKATO, Minn. Mankato's new city manager has his work cut out for him and due to his presence the council has found it possible to adjourn at p.m. or about two hours earlier than usual. The meeting began at 7 o'clock. _City manager C, F. Trinkle, duly elected by council, signed his moves, it is wise to remember that the policy o'. the enemy is not absolutely fixed. Indeed, the most significant Soviet reaction to President Eisenhower's election clearly hinted that the Kremlin t might moderate its Far Eastern policy, rather than allow the Far Eastern war to widen. This was implied by the exceedingly curious but hitherto unremarked behavior of the Soviet Ambassador to Wash- ington, Georgi N. Zarubin, imme- diately following the December in- terview in which Stalin declared he would like to meet with Presi- dent Eisenhower. Zarubin, it must be remembered, is an official automaton, who does he is told, says what he is told, and quite probably thinks what he is told. From September, when he presented his credentials, until the issuance of the Stalin interview in mid-December, this new Soviet Ambassador might just as well have been on the other side of the moon as in Washington, D. C. The Stalin interview was, of course, the Kremlin's maturely considered public reaction to the November voting in this country. suddenl; and somewhat astonishingly began talking politics with his fellow Am bassadors here in Washington, con- spicuously including the Ambassa dors of the leading Western allies These talks all followed about the same pattern. Zarubin commonly opened by re- ferring to S t a 1 i n 's "important' statement, which he described as really sincere." He ex- (Continued on Page 2; Column 2) ALSOPS Bill Confiscates Car of Drinker ST. PAUL in- volved in liquor law violations could be confiscated under a bill introduced in the Minnesota Legis- lature today. The bill is sponsored by Sen. Harry Wahlstrand, Willmar; Wal- ter Burdick, Rochester, and John A. Johnson, Preston. Wahlstrand also is sponsor of the proposal to give liquor control agents the power of arrest. Under the bill disposition of confiscated cars could be sold to satisfy claims arising from viola- tions. The second lobby registration bill of the session was offered by Sens. John Zwach, Walnut Grove; Charles Root, Minneapolis, and C. C. Mitchell, Princeton, It would require registration of all persons who represent any special interest before the Legislature, 'including members of the Legislature. ing Manager H. J. Matson submit- ted his written resignation and verbally added "I was glad when this gentleman walked and Trinkle was promptly given the task of investigating many propos- als heretofore asked of the council. Trinkle was delegated the re- sponsibility of publishing of the city charter in book form to in- ference in many areas to its pro- gram, declared in a report Mon- day that the Red Air Force was capable of sending 400 planes against any place in the U. S.; that one all-out attack with atom bombs could bring 11 million killed and injured. 3, A full-dress briefing on atomic as well as given Eisenhower on Monday by top civilian and mili- tary officials. It was possble, of course, that Eisenhower could have been advised of some new evidence indicating another Soviet atomic test. The system for detecting atomic presumably in- cludes upper air sampling for tell- tale traces of fission products, seis- mographic instruments and agent being steadily expand- ed and improved. Dean, in his Jan. 30 statement, spoke laconically of the "scientific and technical evi- dence" which he said left no doubt of the existence of atomic weap- ons in the USSR. Eisenhower's evident interest in the atomic program has raised some speculation whether he might choose to witness one or more of the test explosions in the spring test series in Nevada, or perhaps one of the later big-scale experi- mental shots at Eniwetok in the Pacific next fall. whose adminis- Itration a score or more test shots I were attended any of the experiments. Friday Proclaimed State Prayer Day ST. PAUL Anderson to- day proclaimed Friday as Minne- sota's annual World Day of Prayer. Only through heartfelt prayer of God's blessing will a way be found through the deadly peril of war caused by human selfishness and greed, the governor's proclama- tion stated. Twin Cities Transit- Fare Hearing Slated Mrs. Rosalie Smith, 41, sat with her four children today after dropping them safely from a second-floor window to a passerby last night when fire broke out in her St. Louis, Mo., home. Mrs. Smith then leaped to safety holding a fourth child in her arms. The children are, from left: Nathan, 3; Frederick, 4; Alice, 11 months, and Linda, 2. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Gurch Bells Toll End of MarJi Gras NEW Church ORLEANS, bells tolled La. the LB end o; Mardi Gras revelry and the be- ginning of 40 days of fasting anc penance of Lent. Mardi Gras, its merrymaking marred by at least one death, ended last midnight and the devout ST. PAUL Minnesota Railroad and Warehouse Commis- sion today scheduled a hearing for March 19 at a. m. sure that the present mimeograph- application by the Minneapolis ed copies will not be lost and M-i-1 Street Railway Co. and the St. Paul kato find itself without a readable City Railway Co. to boost token charter. When discussing the flood con- trol preparations presented by city engineer Rodney Fleming, Coun- cilwoman Mary Dunlop asked "Do we need to take any and was promptly, informed that the city manager, would insure its com- pletion. To this she added "How nice." This was the general con- sensus of the council when they adjourned at p.m. Northland Bus Express Rate Hike Approved ST. PAUL (tfl An increase in express rates throughout the North- laud Greyhound Bus Company's system was approved today by the Minnesota Railroad and Warehouse Commission. A hike of 26.7 per cent effective March 1 was authorized. The com- pany, with headquarters in Min- neapolis, claimed it was losing money in many divisions on pas- senger rates and that by increasing express rates, some of its lines could, meet operating costs. rates from six to five for 90 cents. No boost is asked in the present cash fare of 20 cents NATO to Hear French Ideas On United Army PARIS Wl The North Atlantic Treaty Council met today to re- ceive French proposed amend- ments to the treaty for a Europ- ean army including German troops. The French say these changes must be adopted before their Par- liament will approve the project. The amendments include permis- sion for France to withdraw of- ficers and men needed for defense of outlying French possessions with- out previous approval of other members of the European Defense Community. They were presented to a closed meeting by French Delegate Herve Alphand who asked other mem- bers not to reveal what went on. France fears that without some changes it could not get the nine months-old treaty through Parlia- ment. The French proposals have aroused considerable opposition in Germany and may threaten Chan- cellor Konrad Adenauer's hopes that the West German Parliament will ratify the treaty next month. The Germans say they would give France special privileges within the EDC. The amendments are offered as a protocol to the army treaty signed here last May by France, West Germany, Luxembourg, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands. None of the nations has thus far ratified the pact. The NATO council also is ex- began preparing spiritually for Easter. But, while Mardi Gras was at its height, thousands of natives and visitors from all parts of the world laughed, cheered, danced and jostled each other for choice spots along the parade route of Rex, Lord of Misrule. During tht> parade of the Krewe of Orleans, a 17-year-old merry- maker jumped from a trailer truck and slipped beneath its wheels. Phil Warren Stratton Jr., a Tulane University freshman, was pro- nounced dead on arrival at a New Orleans hospital. The midmorning parade of Rex. pushed through the packed streets as the shouting spectators and high-voiced children called for the men on the flats to "throw me something, mister." It is tradition for the masked and costuihed float riders to toss trinkets to' the crowds as the pro- cession moves through the city. There is a mad scramble for the cheap beads and other inexpen- sive items. Mardi Gras is a holiday in New Pressure on Wilson for Top Production Ike Irked by Democratic Jabs At Big Business By JACK BELL WASHINGTON President Eisenhower's backing of his busi- nessman defense team has put pointed political pressure on Charles E. Wilson'? team for some firm production and econ- omy accomplishments. Eisenhower made it plain at his Orleans. Schools for the day. were locked up pected to discuss the financial con- tributions of member nations to Western defense and also the ques- aon of West Germany's payments :oward Allied occupation costs. Rex, mech'anical engineer Charles C. Crawford, halted the parade on historic Canal Street and toasted his queen, debutante Adelaide Wisdom. King Zulu, the Negro ruler, and his warriors opened the day of fun by floating down the Mississip- pi River on a barge. Comus, the oldest Mardi Gras organization in the Crescent City, concluded the season's parading with a torch-lit march last night. After the Comus parade, Rex and Comus held separate balls in the divided municipal auditorium. irked by Democratic jibes at the "big business" look of his admin- istration, much of it concentrat- ed in the military establishment. Although he and Adlai E. Steven- son apparently had a friendly con- ference afterward, Eisenhower's face flushed when he was asked about his 1952 opponent's 'sugges- tion Saturday that the "big deal'1 may have come to Washington. No Argument Declaring he was not going to engage in any argument over words directed at gaming political advantage, the President said he couldn't conceive of having to an swer to an accusation that he was not solely concerned with the wel- fare of all 158 million American people. His subsequent statement that he looked on production as one oJ the chief military problems and had set out to get the men with the best production records put it up to Secretary of Defense Wilson to produce. At the same time, his assertion that there is no hope of keeping money stable and ending inflation until the budget is balanced gave more than any government that the purse strings are going to be tightened. Because military spending makes up .so.much of the budget, Congress obviously can't eliminate the deficit unless ways are found to get adequate defense for less money. Sen. Taft of Ohio, the Republi- can leader, emphasized this prob- lem when he told reporters he thinks the amount of budget reduc- tions will depend largely on how much can be cut off military j funds. Some Savings Needed Rosenbergs To Make Hew Plea to Ike NEW YORK UP) -The attorney for condemned atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg says he will make a new plea to President Eisenhower for executive clemen- cy. The lawyer, Emanuel H. Bloch, adds that the couple "will be vin- dicated" when Eisenhower "re- ceives the full details." Bloch made these statements to newsmen late yesterday after a three-man Federal Appeals Court granted the Rosenbergs a new stay of execution until March 30 or longer for another appeal to the U. S. Supreme Court. Rosenberg, 34, and his 36-year- old wife were convicted almost two yeans ago of conspiracy to transmit atomic secrets to Russia. One plea for executive clemency already has been made by Bloch. Eisenhower announced his rejec- tion of the appeal a week ago. On Monday a Federal District Court scheduled the Rosenbergs to die the week of March 9 in the electric chair at Sing Sing Prison. Ike Nominates Dunn, Rankin As Ambassadors WASHINGTON UP) Presiden Eisenhower today nominate James C. Dunn to be ambassado to Spain and Karl L. Rankin tc be a m b a s s a d o r to Nationalis China. Eisenhower also sent to tbj Senate the nomination of John Moors Cabot of Mass, to be assistant secretary of state for inter-American affairs. All three nominees are career diplomats. The President also formally nom mated Samuel Wilder King of Ha waii to be governor of the terri- tory. The White House announced earlier this week that Eisenhower intended to Dunn has been ambassador to France since March 14, 1952, and before that was ambassador to Italy. He is a native of Newark, N. and has been in the foreign serv ce since 1919. He would succeed Ambassador Lincoln MacVeagh at Madrid. Rankin has been in charge of the crats are certain costs, to yell at the tops of their political lungs in next year's congressional elections that the "big business" team has been a failure. The Democrats have demon- started during the Washington vis- it of Stevenson, their 1952 presi- dential nominee, that they have At midnight, the two kings of political fight left, and toasted each other as a signa for the end of the .revelry and the beginning of Lent, Flunking Student Kills Professor ROME UP) Prof. Renzo Modug- no, shot three times by a 16-year- old mathematics student to whom he gave a failing grade, died today without regaining consciousness. Police quoted the boy as saying: 'He persecuted me. I- took re- venge." The boy is being held for court action. A Shower Of Deadly Rockets spews from' the RCAF's latest model of the CF-100 jet_ fighter. This is the first rocket armored aircraft in the British Commonwealth and is the first fighter aircraft to be equipped with internally-stowed rockets. The rocket firing radar equipped mark 1-V, model is the fourth CF-100 to be developed and will go into volume production this summer. This picture was taken over the Royal Canadian Air Force range at Trenton, Ont, and was snapped at a thousandth of a second. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Sen. Hennings (D-Mo) said he felt Stevenson, leaving today, has been made to feel there are no party recriminations against him because he lost. "I think most of us agree that it was our time to lose an elec- tion that it wasn't Stevenson's fault and that he made our best possible Hennings said in an interview. Stevenson said after a White House chat with Eisenhower that would succeed Dr. J. Leighton Stuart, who has resigned because of illness. Rankin, a native of Manitowoc, has been in the foreign service since 1927. Cabot has had a number of assignments in South America, Europe and the Far East. In 1950, he was appointed minister to Fin- land. Last December, President Truman designated Cabot to be ambassador to Pakistan. Cabot had not departed for that post, Mrs. Mike Holm Bill Passed by Senate ST. PAUL Senate passed a bill Tuesday to permit a. widow to use the full name of her husband in filing for public office. The bill, which now goes to the House, would cover cases like that the President was "very cordial. Holm widow of the and courteous and anxious to be lat? secretary of state, who filed under that name in her success- ful campaign for the office. of any assistance he could" on Stevenson's world tour, starting March 2. The former Illinois gov- ernor said Eisenhower had asked him to call at the White House when he returns, but he didn't know if he would make any report to the President, WEATHER Federal Forecast Winona and Vicinity Mostly iloudy and a little warmer tonight, owest 24. Thursday snow or rain id continued moderate, highest LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 34; minimum, 15; noon, 34; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 36 at noon today, ow 15 at p.m. Tuesday. Noon thin, scattered at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind calm, barometer 29.95 rising slow- ly, humidity 67 per cent Indian Leader Claims World in Hands of Army Blockade of China Not Peaceful Step, Prime Minister Says NEW DELHI, India uei India's Prime Minister Nehru today told Parliament, "A soldier is a very fine person in his own domain, but this intrusion of the military mentality into the chanceries of the world presents a very great Without mentioning President Ei- senhower by name, Nehru told the House of the People (the lower chamber) in the debate on the President's State of the Union ad- dress: "As some Frenchman once said 'War is :_ar too serious to be entrusted to a alone peace." Spelled W.A.R. "Peace now seems to be spelled he said. "We are be- coming enveloped by the military mentality. Statesmanship is 'be- ing more and more governed military factors. "This talk of a blockade 'of China or other such steps is ob- viously not talk of peace, what- ever else it might bring." Eisenhower's announcement re- leasing the Seventh Fleet from For- mosa "has caused grave concern only here but all over the Nehru declared. "It is not clear to me even ftbvr what the significance" of that de- cision was. But whatever was the meaning behind it there is no doubt what impression and reactions it created. 'Bad Effecf "It had a bad effect, seriously increasing the fear psychosis of the world." The prime minister had a good word for the United States, how- ever, when Communists shouted op- position to his statement that the world's highest standard of living was in the United States. "You can shout 'no' but I know it is he told them. "History will show whether dem- ocracy or totalitarianism is better. And I am convinced that ultimately Democracy will pay the higher div- idends, not only to the country involved but to the whole world." Mystery Bullet Fells Girl, 10 MINNEAPOLIS 10-year- ild 'girl was wounded Tuesday light by a rifle bullet fired intD ler suburban Crystal Village home. She is Virginia Carpenter, step- daughter of Joseph Adams, who attributed the attack to trouble :laimed to be having with a union, le said the bullet evidently wag intended for him. Virginia was reported in fair ondition at Minneapolis' Deacon- ess Hospital, recovering from a ieep thigh wound. The shot was ired as Adams was entering a ide door of his home at 5349 48th Vve., N. after taking his wife, ylvia, to work shortly 9 .m. Hennepin County deputies said Warns told them his card as a member of the AFL International Association of Machinists, Local 77 at the New Brighton Arsenal, ad been taken up only Sunday ecause of his alleged too closa contact with CIO union men. Resolution Commending Warden Utecht Submitted By JACK MACKAY ST. PAUL resolution com- mending Warden Leo F. Utecht of Stillwater Prison for his many accomplishments that have made the penitentiary "outstanding throughout the United States" was introduced in the Minnesota House today by Rep. Alfred J. Otto of St. Paul. Citing Warden Utecht's 38 years of service to the state, Rep. Otto said the lawmakers are being ask- ed to pay tribute to his many years of "efficient, faithful and courageous service" as a means of calling attention to the people of the state tile "great benefits the citizenry has derived from Warden Utecht's services." The resolution came two before Jamec Bennett, U. S. di- rector of Federal Prisons in Wash- ington, was scheduled to'come, to Minnesota to appear before several legislative committees, to prison problems. Otto, chairman of the House Crime Prevention committee, said, in the resolution that during Utecht's "long and able tenure" as warden he has made the prison outstanding in the nation by rea. sons of the efficiency of its adT ministration and the absence -o( disturbances and riotiag by its in- mates and the failure of to escape. Utecht announcd his intention to retire July 1 shortly after Lelrfallom, state director of public institutions, launched an investi- gation of conditions at Stillwater Prison. ;