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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 18, 1950, Winona, Minnesota COLDER TONIGHT AND SUNDAY Basketball Tonight KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 2 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES Incumbents Hold Edge Youngdahl Leading King In State Poll AnJresen G Favored (OVERNOR Luther Youngdahl Is more popular In Minne- sota today than he was in 1948. State Auditor Stafford King, who opposed Governor Youngdahl to the Republican party primaries two years ago Is less popular now than he was to 1948. If an election were held today, Governor Youngdahl could be expected to defeat Stafford King for the G.O.P. nomination. These conclusions are drawn from an exhaustive rural survey taken throughout Minnesota during the last three weeks by The Republican-Herald to an effort to determine political sentiment In the state as of now. Twenty-one hundred questionnaires with accompanying let- ters were sent out. Five hundred went to editors of all state news- papers including dailies and weeklies, 683 to secretaries of all state creameries, 229 to a list of lawyers selected because of their high rating to- the Marttodale-Hubbell law directory and 688 to present and past officers of Farm Bureau associations. No Detailed Sampling in Bir Cities No sampling' was taken -to Minneapolis, St. Paul or Duluth or to Hennepln and Ramsey counties except of newspaper editors and creamery secretaries. Each letter contained this statement: "The opinions that you express should not be what yon yourself think but .what yon think the public sentiment is in your connty based upon your observations and not upon personal opinion." To date, 650 replies have been received and it was on the basis Keve said Cole, speaking for of these replies that the tabulation of answers was made by The Republican-Herald. 29 DIE IN NEW YORK COLLISION Contempt Order Against U.M.W. Believed Near Miners Ignore New Lewis Plea To Return to Jobs President Tru- man's fact-finders reported today iiat a soft coal settlement this weekend is "very doubtful" but the White House decided against any further action at least until Monday. The three man board reported that "quite a gap" separates John L. Lewis and the operators. But Chairman David L. Cole told reporters he had assured Mr. Tru- man they believe "a good many miners are going back to work on Monday." :We all are encouraged to be- Not all questions were answered on each questionnaire but the return was considered exceedingly good. In many cases the question about the popularity now of Youngdahl and King com- pared with 1948, the answer was "no change." The answers are re- Questionnaire on Page 2 The Republican-Herald questionnaire which was mailed to 2J.OO persons throughout the state may be fount on Page 2 tonight. With it it the letter which went to each of those asked, to fiU out the ques- tionnaire. garded as fair to both parties involved iind many of those ques- tioned signed their even though signatures were not required or requested. Women officers of Farm Bureau units and home demonstra- tion groups were Included in the questionnaires sent to farmers but the jioll was not a sampling of the women's vote except Inso- far as some of them may have been newspaper editors or farm organization officers. Trend by Conntiet Cited The survey also contained questions about the possible Demo- cratic-Farmer tabor candidates, the popularity of Incumbent con- gressmen and whether or not present state senators and repre- sentatives would be returned to office In the 1950 election. Here are more of the conclusions: Governor Youngdahl received a majority of the votes over King In 87 counties. King received a majority of the votes in 12 counties. The vote for each was tied in four counties. No replies were received from four counties including the Assistant John R. Steelman. The group spent 15 minutes with i, brief before facing newsmen. Last night a grim "no progress" report from the board had height- ened prospects of court action by the White House. Apparently fearing that such ac- tion might include a request for a contempt citation against the United Mine Workers, Union Lead- er John L. Lewis issued an urgent new order to the miners late terday to get back to work "forth- as Instructed by a federal court. Federal Conciliation Director Cyrus Ching commented: "I don't think that message could be mis- understood by anybody." But the- miners' reaction was cool. Soit coal supplies were reported rarely enough to last, the nation Radioactivity Of H-Bomb Long Lasting New a hydrogen bomb's radioactivity can live In, the air long after the explosion was ex- plained here today by a physicist who has worked at the Oak Eidge, Term., atomic energy plants. Although this peril is great, so that some scientists have predicted it will be worse than the bomb ex- Ching and Board" Chairman Da- plosion, the reasons are not secret. ten more days. President Truman's three-man ioard of inquiry which has been teeping a close eye on the negotia- ions between Lewis and the coal operators, reported to the White House with Ching this morning. Yesterday's negotiations lasted until almost midnight. vid L. Cole soberly told reporters afterward that little progress was made. Lewis' were discussed money demands thoroughly, Cole rural areas of Hennepln (Minneapolis) and Ramsey (St. Paul) counties. If Governor Youngdahl is nominated by the Republicans and Orville Freeman is nominated by the D.-F.L. party, the over- whelming sentiment showed that Youngdahl would be elected. If the race was between Governor Youngdahl and Supreme Court Justice Harry Peterson of the D.-FX. party, Youngdahl would win by a large margin. King Easily Over Freeman If the candidates were King and Freeman, King would be and said, but there was "no agreement on anything." The union chief's sudden new plea to the striking miners to get back on the Job immediate- ly "for the protection and welfare of our union" met with no com- ment from his top lieutenants in the field, but rank-and-file mem- bers had plenty to say. Typical retorts went this way: "The miners are still madder than order "won't Police And Railroad Officials probe through the wreckage of cars of two Long Island Railroad passenger trains which collided head-on at Rockville Centre, N. P. Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) jdo any good" without a new con- tract to replace the one which ran easy winner. If the candidates were King and Peterson, King would win outlast but not by as large a margin as he would over Freeman. If Freeman and Peterson were the D.-F.L. candidates in thej primary, justice Peterson would be an easy winner for the: nomination over Freeman. i This is about the percentage of the replies: Youn.idahl more popular now than in 1948................. 216j Youngdahl less popular now than in 1948.................... 148; King more popular than in 1948 1201 King less popular than in 1948 204 Youngdahl expected to carry the county 418 King expected to carry the county 92; Peterson expected to carry county over Freeman 406! Freeman expected to carry county over Peterson............ 61 i Youngdahl expected to carry county over Freeman Freeman expected to carry county over Youngdahl 45 Youngdahl expected to carry county over Peterson 384 Fort Worth. Texas A crip- Peterson expected to carry county over Youngdahl 99 Plane limped King expected to carry county over Freeman................ 378 "jf B- Freeman expected to carry county over King 90 crashed off the western Canadian Kinp expected to carry county over Peterson 242 coast Monday. That left even more clouded the question of who is. responsible for the miners' defiance of the ten-day court order banning a strike. a 9 Canadian Air Crash Victims Safe in Texas Physicists who know have not been ;alking. An explanation comes from Paul P. Elliott, assistant professor of physics at Texas Technological col- .ege, Lubbock, Texas. He gave it in answer to a series of questions. He said the terrific heat and pressure of the hydrogen bomb plosion, he believes, will change containing envelope of the bomb, that is, whatever it is enclosed in, into a mass of radioactive vapor. "Not he said, "would the explosion result in liberation of in- Vogeler Confesses Spying in Hungary Budapest, Hungary By Endre Marton American Businessman Robert A., Vogeler pleaded guilty to spy charges today and said that as an American agent he had been instructed to help atom physicists escape from Hungary. Calmly confessing to all charges in the indictment against him, the 38-year-old telephone company executive asked a Hungarian peoples court for "a mild sentence." He said he used his position as assistant vice-president of the In- ternational Telephone and Tele- graph Company as a "cover for my espionage work." Vogeler's leniency plea under con- sideration. It could not be learn- ed Immediately what possible pen- alty Vogeler faces. Blizzard Whips Midwest, Floods Spread in South By The Associated Presi A roaring blizzard which smash- Manhattan island on Trains Crash On Long Island, 100 Of hers Hurt Motorman Arrested For Running Past Red Light By Douw Fonda and Art Everett Rockville Centre, N. Y. A crowded Long Island railroad train ran through a red light of a makeshift sidine last night and sliced into an oncoming train, kill- ing at least 28 persons. More than 100 other persons were injured as the two trains loaded with about ripped lengthwise in half. Motorman Jacob Keifer, 55, of Baldwin, N. Y., was arrested and charged with second degree man- slaughter by District Attorney Frank Gulotta, who said: "He ran past the signal." Keifer was injured but not critically and a police guard was placed at his home until he could be moved to Nassau county Jail for arraignment, It was metropolitan New York's worst railroad tragedy. Screaming victims were mashed beneath tons of twisted metal as the trains came together with a crash heard for half a mile. Doctors hacked and sawed off arms and legs to free some of tte injured. Passes Red Light 'An eastbound electric passenger train ran by a stop was the official explanation of the Long Island railroad for what was be- lieved to be the worst accident in its 116 years. It was the nation's worst train wreck since 45 persons died April 25, 1946, at Naperville, m. Thousands of awed but curious spectators flocked to the ECene while the desperate cries of trap- ped victims still echoed on the night air. An estimated passengers were on the two trains when they collided at p.m. Rockville Centre, a community of about is 20 miles east of the south i f L Island m Nassau ed speedily across North Dakota Vogeler's unemotional plea of] guilty opened the second day of! Vogeler told the court he had been instructed by his superiors a Britain and five Hungar- are accused of espionage the trial in which he oth- ers .ans and sabotage. Vogeler, who has been I.T. T. representative in Europe since 1945, declared he had been a U.S. officer since 1942. As an electrical and mechan- ical engineer, he said, "Espionage yesterday virtually paralyzing iighway traffic and which left a long string of stranded and stalled motorists moved into Minnesota today. Snow accompanied the high county. The accident occurred on a makeshift section of track during a months long grade separation coiistruction job. Every available doctor in the area was called to the scene. More than 50 responded and re- by buying use-jwinds in most areas. Bismarck, N.jlayed into less material and stocks for the reported two Inches of Standard Electric Company, an I. T. T. subsidiary in Hungary, and to sabotage deliveries for the Soviet Union and other Eastern European countries. The indictment against Vogeler and the others accuses them in in the technical field is my spe-j'part of deliberately decreasing the cialty." He testified that he had beeniconcern to instructed by U. S. Army intel-j country. productive output of the standard It was cold and clear over most of the state today, with the weath- erman predicting warmer weath- er for Sunday. Light snow was falling along the Mississippi this morning. A 40- mile an hour wind was caus- ing considerable drifting at Super- the detriment of theliof. Eau Claire reported a freez-: ing drizzle combined with light, deadly gamma rays. "These particles and rays would render all substances their range air, soil, in turn, would be- come extremely dangerous as new sources of deadly emanations, just as any material in an atomic pile becomes radioactive. "Some substances would soon lose their radioactivity, but others would continue to be radioactive for many years." This week, in New York, Dr. Linus Pauling, one of the world's best- known chemists, said the hydrogen bomb radioactivity would be so great that no person, animal or it anywhere on earth would be for years. The radioactivity the entire atmos- Peterson expected to carry county over King Present Members Favored In the legislative districts there appears 206 Today the survivors begin telling their story to a special board of inquiry, even as a desperate to be a continues for five men who tendency to return the present members of the parachuted from the doomed senators" and representatives. There are only a few districts wherejgw' bomber and have not been; there seems to be any strong showing that incumbents are weak, Force C-54 which brought but in those districts the incumbent is generally the favorite. the nine back to the arms of hap- In the question having to do with the congressional race, nojP? relatives at their home base tabulation was made in the fourth and fifth districts tliey are chiefly confined to Hennepin (Minneapolis) and engine was cut out over Al buquerque on the ten-hour flight (St. Paul) counties. This is how the state's congressmen fared in the survey: FIRST DISTRICT August H. Andresen of Red Wing (Republican) Andresen expected to carry county over strong opposition 51 Andresen expected to lose county to strong opposition 7 Votes where doubt was expressed as to Andresen defeating strong opposition 6 Counties in which Andresen received majority of votes...... 12 Counties in which Andresen failed to receive majority of votes SECOND DISTRICT Joseph P. O'Hara of Glencoe (Republican) O'Hara expected to carry county over strong opposition 67j LOCAL WEATHER O'Hara expeeted to lose county to strong opposition......... 141 official observations for the Votes where doubt was expressed as to O'Hara defeating hours ending at 12 m. today f Tacoma, Washington, because of an oil leak. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Near cold wave, diminishing winds and clear- near zero in the country. Fair and 24 pearing through heredity. It even has been said that aggres- sors win not use the weapon for fear of the radioactivity back into their own countries, Ruan Transport Strike Settled Spring Valley, Minn. The strike of Ruan Transport Corpora- tion truck drivers at the Spring Val- ley terminal has been settled. The men will return to work Monday. The settlement calls for a wage increase of cents an hour. This will make the hourly wage S1.37Vi. The company also agreed to keep eight trucks to operation from the terminal. The strike lasted 40 days. It in- volved 14 union drivers, two .non- union men and four independent truckers. Hog Import Ban Washington Importation _ Strong opposition Maximum minimum, 24; f h meat {rom nations outside s precipitation. inch of Ivnnnmlc Co-operation pro- Counties to which OHara received majority of votes at rises! e under a STATE POLITICAL POLL (Continucd on Paje 5. Column L) at tomorrow at i Additional weather on page 12. bill introduced yesterday by Sena- tor Gillette in touch with atom physicists and nelp them escape. He was on the stand for two hours during the morning when he answered questions readily and with no signs of weariness nor emotion. Recalled to the stand in the afternoon, he declared: Information Given U. S. He admitted giving the tf. S. Ar- my information on Hungarian mil- itary and industrial matters and said he had sent a map of Hun- gary's telephone and telegraph system out of the country. (Such information is considered a state, secret in Communist led coun- Vogeler told the court he was snow. I, Temperatures outside .the snow-j- cold belt a _-_J score of ambulances for transfer to hospitals in and around Rock- ville Centre. One doctor cut off a man's man- gled arm to get him out of the debris. Another sawed off both legs of a trapped Negro passenger. Many of the victims screamed and pain and fright. Others 1-iy dead, twisted like air dolls, their bodies broken in second impact of grind- iini WU1K31U.V ruMb aitv were mostly above normal, following yesterday's readings in many sections. A rec- ord breaking maximum of 71 was reported Friday'at Wichita, Kan, than the top mark at Miami and Los Angeles, which re- ported 69 and 71 respectively. The day's highest reading was 86 at Yuma, Ariz. Rising floodwaters in three "Kill Pleads for Death me, please kill one "I am sorry for the detrimental! assigned to the American Counter deeds I committed against this j Intelligence corps (C.I.C.) in Vien-lstates threatened further evacua- country and I ask for a mild sen-jna, where he had his home, and tion of families to Join the a Brigadier persons already made- homeless in tence." The court said would I had worked under Howard. (the flood areas. A Firemen And Rescue Workers mill about the wrecked Long Island Railroad cars at Rockville Centre, N. Y., as the work of removing dead and injured from the jumble of steel goes forward. In the foreground, four men carry a blanket-covered P. Wirephcto to The Republican-Herald man pleaded to rescuers. Another woman, tons of metal crushing her chest, screamed: "Get the weight off me." A white faced, heart sick rescue worker looked up at news- men and gritted through clenched teeth: "We're not taking out bodies, we're taking out parts of bodies." Floodlights played on the wreck- age as rescue workers used ace- tylene torches, axes and crowbars to pry into the twisted coaches of the two ten car electric trains. Finally, railroad wreckers bull- dozed their way in to jerk apart the lead coaches so the hunt for bodies could go on. A little white stucco church stood a few feet from the scene. First bodies recovered were laid on its lawn. Then the pitiful row of corpses began to grow. So the interior of the church was converted into a morgue and the remains moved in- side. Normally, the Long Island oper- ates-a two-track line through Rock- vffle Centre for its trains between New York and Babylon, L. I. But for months, a grade separa- tion project has been under way to elevate the tracks through Rockville Centre. So trains have been operating on a temporary one-track line. State Public Service Commis- sioner George A. Arkwright said that one-way operations were nor- mal procedure during a grade sep- aration job. An eastbound passenger train out of New York city was sup- posed to hold up on a siding until a westbound train from Babylon cleared it on the main line. Signals in Order The eastbound train failed to hold back. An Interstate Commerce com- mission spokesman on the scene said signals were in order and working. The westbound tram, picking up speed as it left the Rockville Cen- jtre station, struck the right front of the other train. Passengers were wedged be- (Continned on Page 3, Column 7) TRAIN ;