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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 18, 1949, Winona, Minnesota WEATHER Windy, Colder SUPPORT YOUR Y.M.C.A. VOLUME 49, NO. 2 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 18, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Tax Boost Plea Meets Opposition State Mental Aid Bills Smoke Poured From belfry portals as firemen fought blaze that damaged one of Spokane's oldest landmarks, the Salem Lutheran church built in 1889. Fire started while construction was under way on new wing, visible at lower left. Wirephoto.) Colder Weather Checks Western Flood Perils By The Associated Press Colder weather helped check the rash of floods and snow in parts of the Pacific Northwest today as a new blast of snow and winds punched weather-groggy Wyoming. Lower temperatures in the flooded inland areas of the Pacific North- west reduced the flow of water from the rain swollen streams and snow slides. But floods threatened the coastal area where temperatures were higher. Wyoming, pounded almost daily by snow and wind storms for weeks, was in the path, of the fresh mass of cold air which spread into the northern plains. The strong north- erly winds and blowing snow struck the northeastern part of the state and reblocked newly-cleared roads. The mercury fell rapidly after yes- terday's readings of above freez- ing. Below Zero Readings The storm moved into Montana and North Dakota and the mercury plunged to below zero in some areas. It fell to five below at Lewiston, Mont., and dropped 29 degrees in six hours at Minot, N. D. The cold wave was headed for the north cen- tral states and the U. S. Weather bureau said temperatures would The Alsops Real Issues In Atlantic Pact Hidden By Stewart Alsop Washington The muddled de- bate in the Senate Monday, to- gether with Norwegian Foreign Minister Halvard Lange's visit to Washington, have left the real is- sues Involved in the proposed North Atlantic pact in a confused tangle. For one thing, the idea has be- come current, largely as a con- aequence of Lange's visit, that the United States has been trying to bully the Scandinavian countries into Joining the pact. In point ol fact, Lange's visit was! though passes strictly his own Idea and But considerable dismay In the State resumed service through the department. Indeed, as soon as mountains. The colder of the proposed visit reached Wash-1 weather ln northern Idaho tem- ington, the department began pre-jporarily naited the slides that paring a message suggesting politely threatened the mountainous area. drop to 15 below in northern Min- nesota tonight. Temperatures were much higher and gulf over the central states and season- able In most other sections of the country. The only rain belts were in Washington and Oregon along the central ana West coast. The rains in western Washington and Oregon left many highways I flooded. Snow slides blocked roads the Cascade transcontinental that the time was inopportune, and that the trip be postponed. Before the message was drafted, it was discovered that Lange was already on his way. THE CONSEQUENCES of the Meanwhile, the job of clearing Better Care Planned for Patients Youngdah! Reveals Details of New Five-Point Program By Jfack Mackay St. Young- dahl today revealed the provisions of his broad mental bill, to be in- troduced in the legislature Mon- day. The majority leaders Iri both houses Senator Archie Miller, Hopkins, and Representative Roy E. Dunn, Pelican Rapids have agreed to become the principal authors. Objective of the measure is to improve the care and treatment of patients in state hospitals at Fergus Falls, Rochester, Wlllmar, Moose Lake, Anoka, Hastings and St. Peter. Details were .disclosed In an ad- dress prepared for delivery by the governor over a state radio net- work tonight. Participating in the broadcast also will' be Miller and Dunn. The bill would make available for mental patients this five-point plan: Clinical and other methods of detecting mental illness at an early stage, either to prevent hospitall- zation or to provide it when chances of recovery are best. Modern hospital treatment to In- crease opportunities for successful recovery and reduce the hospltali- zation period. Human care and an environment suitable for the treatment and com- fort of sick persons. Special case work services, clini- cal and post-hospital treatment and supervision permitting patients to leave hospitals earlier, enable them to make a better adjustment In the community and reduce the possi- bility of recurrences of the Illness. Opportunities for Increased recov- eries as well as prevention through the findings of research into the causes of mental illness and more effective methods of treatment. Creation of a bureau of mental health and mental hospitals, to function under supervision of the (Continued on Page 3, Column 5.) MENTAL AID New Settlers Coming On S.S. Ernie Pyle Washington The S. S. Ernie Pyle, the tenth ship to bring displaced persons to America under roads and feeding stranded live- the Displaced Persons Act of 1948, stock in the western blizzard' states !is scheduled to arrive at Boston progressed. The Air Force's haylift Sunday with 598 new settlers aboard. in Nevada ended after 25 days and 25 "flying boxcars" were to re- as the State department fore-1 turn to their home bases. The planes saw, are obviously unfortunate. If Norway now decides not to adhere to the Atlantic pact it will be widely assumed in Europe that Lange had a good look at the terms of the pact, and decided it was worthless. And If Norway does adhere. It will be equally widely assumed that this is a result of American pressure, despite Lange's repeated assurances to the contrary. In fact the episode stemmed not from American pressure, but from the Swedish version of a Scan- dinavian pact. The Swedish idea dropped tons of hay to the sheep and cattle stranded in the Ely, Nev., area since the service started January 24. Flood Worries The International Refugee Or- ganization said today the ship sailed from Hamburg, Germany, February 10. The largest group In the new- comers, 257, is headed for New York. Other destinations by states In-j Flood worries were growing In western snowbound area. The Fed-1------ oral Geological survey reported that! ,_ the Missouri river ice packs are the) heaviest on record. At Mont., R. A. Dightman of the) Weather bureau said a critical flood) danger Is expected to persist along the Missouri and many of Its trib- utaries for o month or more. (elude Minnesota 12; North Dakota DOLLAR DAY BARGAINS, springlike weather and. free bus rides inspired Winona housewives to rush through (or leave a sinkful) of breakfast dishes to get downtown this morning. The "mob" scene above was snapped by a staff photographer in a Third street shop. Many a store manager reported that by opening time at 9 a. m. women were crowded around their doorways. A feature of the Dollar day was a free bus ride from any point in town between 9 and 11 a. m. through courtesy of the Winona Transit Company and the Merchants bureau of the Winona Association of Commerce. Republican-Herald photo Eight Reported Dead in Crash OfArmyC-47 Buenos Aires The Ameri- can embassy said today that eight persons are believed to have perish- ed in the crash of a TT. S. Army :-47 plans near Salta, Argentina, south of the Bolivian border. Brigadier General B. H. U. S. air attache, said the plane was en route from Panama to Buenos i rf'uieirTi-year-old sister who brav- Senators Want MacArthur Back to Explain New Crisis Girl, 14, Saves 5 Children From Burning House Chicago Five children were safe today thanks to the heroism Aires. ed flesh-searing flames to rescue A searching plane discovered tiom their burnine home wreckage about 60 miles west Salta in the mountains early this morning, he said. Names of those aboard are being withheld until their relatives have jeen notified. Iterday. 01 i Roberta Lee Mason, hospitalized boiled down in reality to little more But ln Nebraska a crop statisti- cian said a moisture reserve left by the snow will mean green pastures and a rich hay crop in the cattle country. At Lincoln, Neb., a farmer told a legislative committee: "We want to thank the Army for coming up and opening the roads. But I think we'll need the Navy to help bring us out." than an extension of traditional Swedish neutrality to the whole of Scandinavia. The Swedes opposed any sort of understanding with the Atlantic pact powers indeed, the Swedes would not countenance even in- formal staff talks between the two groupings. This Swedish concept of complete Scandinavian neutrality obviously raised the vital question of Greenland, which Is a dependency of Denmark. THE AMERICAN base on Green- land is essential for the defense of Western Europe. Quiet but highly Athens A mutaated body Important negotiations are now in found in a ravlne near Karpenlsl progress on the subject of a long-jhas been ]dentifled positively as term agreement for maintaining j of Lieutenant Colonel Seldfm this base. But a Danish grant of a R Edne American Air Force of- base in Greenland to the powerful signatory of the Atlantic Former Fergus Falls Air Force Man Dead The American mission announced today that the identification had been made from medical records. Edner, 30, of San Jose, Calif., was an unarmed observer aboard a Greek Royal Air Force plane which made a forced landing in Karpenisi January 21. The Greek guerrilla radio said 0 soon after the crash landing of the effective military aid to a Scan- Iane at Karpenlsl Edner had dinavmn alliance which refused to died of lnjuries sustamed in the enter into staff talks, and which communist radio broad. jeopardized the v tal American base cast R letter to Ms who was pact would hardly square with the Swedish concept of Scandinavian isolation from the Atlantic pact powers. It is open to question whether or not a wholly Scandinavia is desirable. But it is not open to Question that the American Con- gress would not be likely to extend in Greenland. These facts, rather than American bullying, lay behind the failure of the Scandinavian pact talks and Lange's visit to Washing- ton. In Athens, blaming his death on "imperialists." Edner was assigned here observer with the United as an States 'AS for the Senate debate, it a curious "Alice in Falls, Pape 2, Column 6.) and was a graduate of San (Continued on ALSOPS v j Jose State college. Charles E. Wilson, president of General Electric Company, con- cludes testimony before the Senate labor committee in Washington yesterday by exhibiting what he called "a union ad." On the "ad" is printed: "Tell your congressman we put you there to repeal Taft- Hartley." Wilson sharply criticized the administration labor bill which would repeal the Taft-Hartley law and replace it with a modified Wagner act. (AJ. Wirephoto to The with serious burns, was called "a regular little heroine" by suburban Des Plaines police for her feat. When an oil stove in the four- room bungalow exploded yesterday, Roberta Lee gathered the children together. Barred from escaping through a jammed door, Roberta smashed a window with her hands. Then she helped out Rosemary, ten Billy, seven, Ruth, six, Henry, four, and Leroy, three. The last to leave, she was near collapse from burns and cuts when she reached a neigh- bor's home. All the children escaped without injury except Leroy, who was slightly burned. Parents of the children both work and were away when fire destroyed the frame house in suburban Des Plaines. Another child, Richard, 13, was at school. The Mason children were in night clothes when the fire broke out. Neighbors later gathered clothes and housed the youngsters. They also began collecting money to help the family and announced plans to re- build the destroyed home. Grandmother Says Life Begins at 50 Chicago "I can truly say that life begins at says Mrs. Rose Lavin. Mrs. Lavin, who has two grand- children, had resolved on last New j Year's day she would make several (achievements in 1949. On January 3 she composed a rhumba song. On January 6 she received an offer to become a mem- ber of the' board of the Women's National Republican Club of Chi- cago. On January 7 a talent scout suggested she become a professional model. She has modeled three times in the last week. Yesterday her rhum- ba number was made into a record by a Chicago firm which soon will place it on the market. She also accepted the Republican Club offer. "When I was 18 my parents ob- jected to me becoming a Mrs. Lavin said. "When I was 30 I had a son to care for. I've really started my career now." Basic Change In American Policy Hinted Washington Senators were talking today of asking General Douglas MacArthur to give Con- gress his views in person on the Far Eastern situation. Senator Knowland (R.-Calif.) made the suggestion yesterday both on the Senate floor and in a letter to Chairman Tydings (D.-Md.) of the Senate armed services commit- tee. Knowland said Tokyo reports have indicated a possible "basic change in American and added that any withdrawal of American forces from Japan might block that coun- try's efforts to become democratic and self-supporting. He said he'd like to hear from MacArthur about that. Change Denied President Truman, Secretary of State Acheson and Secretary of the Army Royall have all denied that any such change in policy is being considered. However, the administration, re- portedly plans to give European de- fense priority over the needs of the Pacific area. Knowland, apparently referring to that, said MacArthur should return before Congress acts further on the multi-blillon dollar European recovery plan. Tydings said the armed services committee woold be "very glad" to hear MacArthur, but he added that it's up to the general to decide whether to make the trip which would be his first journey home since long before the war. Ives Backs Move Knowland's proposal received swift support from Senator Ives (R.-N. "It may be that the military has access to MacArthur's Ives said, "but Congress and the rank and file of the American peo- ple are not getting the information tie has available." MacArthur turned down an invi- return for members a, Knowland commented tation to longress talks with year ago. that Mac- Arthur then had important duties the Pacific and also had been mentioned as a possible G.O.P. candidate for President. No such conditions exist now, the senator added, and it would be 'entirely fitting and proper" for the general to return. Defense Clause Main Hitch in Atlantic Pact By John M. Hlghtower Washington The Senate foreign relations committee called In Secretary of State Acheson today for a study of Just how to word the proposed Atlantic defense treaty. Acheson's testimony was sought in a closed session called by Chair- man Connally "It is my understanding that the language which the department is proposing will be laid before the Connally told R porter. He added that if the committee approves the wording, the treaty proposal Is expected to be submitted at once to other nations in on the negotiations. These Include Cana- da and five western European coun- tries Great Britain, France, Bel- gium, The Netherlands and Luxem- bourg. By far the most important and, thus far, unsettled issue is the wording of a defense'clause the problem of what to promise if one of the member states of the se- curity system Is attacked. President Truman reaffirmed at a news conference yesterday that American policy calls for the agree- ment to provide: "Unmistakable proof of the joint determination of the free countries to resist armed attack from any quarter." He had used that language in defining the purpose of the secur- ity project in his inaugural address January 20. He told reporters that the policy he thus set forth still stands. The attitudes of .the various Sen- ate leaders were sharply brought out in a debate last Monday. Senators Denver Connally and Vandenberg (R.- Mich.) agreed then that the United States should not make any com- mitment to go to war automatical- ly. This is also basically the State department's feeling about the de- New York fense clause. Traman Urged Alone Awhile President Warned His Program May Bring on Slump 87 Francis M. Le May Tru- man's confident forecast of con- tinued prosperity brought this re- action today from his Capitol hill critics: The best way to help the nation's business is to leave it alone. The President also renewed request yesterday for a 000 tax proposal which appeared to be picking up support from Democrats, but only 11 neces- sary to keep the treasury out of the red. There Is a lot of opposi- tion, however. Mr. Truman told his Thursday news conference current price drops are only the levellng-off that everybody has been hoping for, and he spoke confidently of the business outlook. He said the business situation Is nothing to be alarmed about. Fear Depression Some critics agreed that the leveling off is healthy. But they said the President's economic con- trol, program, if approved by Con- gress, might turn a healthy re- cession into a depression. While Mr. Truman took the eco- nomic temperature, there were these other developments: 1. Buying interest in the New York stock market sharpened yes- terday and the market moved ahead for the best over-all advance in six weeks. 22. At Cleveland, the Chesapeake Ohio railroad announced tem- porary layoffs for more than 000 employes in four areas. A spokesman blamed declining pas- senger business and slower move- ment of coal due to mild winter. 3. The Baltimore Ohio rail- road ordered a five-day furlough late this month for of shop employes. A continued de- cline in freight business was given as the reason. Auto" Plant Cloilni 4. At Detroit, the Kaiser-Frazer automobile company announced It will close Its Willow Run plant, where work, for three weeks while plans are made lor pro- duction of two new utility model cars. 5. The United States Chamber of Commerce advised employers to resist fourth-round wage hikes lest they reverse the downward trend In the cost of living. 6. A majority of the 17 private- industry economists attending a Capitol hill conference spoke out against the administration's re- quest for higher taxes and wage- price allocation controls. They (Continued on Page 1L Column 2.) TAX BOOST Albert Lea Man Found Dead in Car Albert Lea, T. Plante, 43-year-old manager of the National Tea Company's store here, found dead In his car today. The car was in the garage at Plan- te's home. The gas tank was almost empty. Coroner Louis H. Kuchera began an Investigation to determine the cause of death. When Plante left the store yes- terday it was believed that he was carrying a large amount ol money. His pockets were empty when the body was found. It was believed that death occurred yesterday afternoon or evening. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Decidedly colder, with a few snow flurries and strong northwesterly winds tonight; low ten in the city, five in the coun- try. Saturday fair and continued cold; high 18. LOCAL WEATHER. Official observations lor the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 45; minimum, 14; noon, 43; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota, Wisconsin Tempera- tures will average five-eight degrees ?elow normal. Normal maximum 23 northern Minnesota to 34 southern Wisconsin. Normal minimum three northern Minnesota, 16 southern Wisconsin. Colder Saturday. Slow- y rising temperatures Monday ;hrough Wednesday. Precipitation will average one-tenth inch, occur- ring as light snow Wednesday. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec Chicago............42 ........57 Des Moines .......45 Duluth ............27 International Falls.. 21 Kansas City .......56 Los Angeles........77 Miami ............80 Minneapolis-St. Paul 37 New Orleans 63 40 Iseattle ............47 36 "30 40 20 8 43 44 73 23 56 26 3S .03 ;