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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 17, 1948, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER IS COMING Be mra your new radio can 1C Full Leaied Wire Newi Report of Tho Pren Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 47. NO. 307 "WINONA. MINNESOTA. TUESDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 17. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES V -T r t t w __ City Asks A-D-M to Expandjiere vy 1 "C1 Aimnimii'V MATTER OF FACT Tactics of Dewey, Taft Vary It.r .lowph Strwurl Almip Doth leading con- trndcrs for thn Republican nomin- ation, Oovcrnor Thomas K, Dowoj and Senator Rob- ert A. Taft, have now made signifi- cant chanifps In Tho changes unsure nomethlnK very Important t h u t not prnvlous- ly in prospect n Tho ANops major national ctnbnlo on great of policy between thn of the Itipubllcan purty, wllli the oulooinii to lin dii- cldrd at the I'hlladrlphla conven- tion. Until recently. Dowry's tactlcn wpre to present himself to tho na- tlon MI the busy tfovrrnor, Tho men was thut ho might Just pow- xlbly be tempted to untlortuki larger duties, yet was rrmlnly pre- occupied with tho problems of Now York stale. This kind of transpar- ent deception was excused by al the precedent of American politics according to which the oflicn mim nwm to neck tho man, whflrniw In fart the man is hln leK' off the office, An for Taft, there was no score that hid were bid- ding hard In the great, ciuadrcnnla auction of tho Mouth (an morn rrnmrkdblu oven belter publicised soulh- Infinitely than the rrn tobacco KLwwhero. Taft seeking delcnattm. prosont- init himself an the. lender of thn Re- publican Congress. and standing on the record of tho ConKres.i, TAFT HAS now modified his lino abandoning tho rather uphill task of arousing national ciithuslaftrr for the record of thn ConKrcss, and iwe.klnft Instead simply to soil Tar und Taft's views. Dewny had ac- tually changed hln line completely his remarkable Lincoln clay ivoston clearly discloses There obvious polltic.i In what Dewey wvld iibout the- bipartisan foreign policy. speech was also the plainest, hardest-hitting. mo.i' comprehensive and ablest cxposlllor of the realistic approach to world problems which the country has re- ceived from any Inadrr exoopt Himn- tor Arthur If, VantlrnbcrK. It reported that the change. In which Dowey completcc speech was the result of careful and prayerful analysis of polls taken for tho Dowey Uon by one of the, national opinion- tMtlnir outnts. KVPII Iho polls al- rendy published In tho huve plainly shown that the voters now want utronK, decisive leaclor- nhip. A coy preoccupation with tho problems of state Kovernmont was with national leutlor- shlD In the Krand manner. has therefrre snl out to dhow how much of tho slutt of lead- ership Is In him. While Dewey was speaking In Ponton, Hrtiator Taft wa" also volo- Inu his views fd.mpMKn trip. on his MUlweslnrt The dlfTereneo bn- twern the two men was most clearly rtidcloarcl In their approach to '.ho problem of appropriations for tho Kuropean recovery program Pewoy was tho first Important American politician to talk plain common sense on this subject. Ho mild. In effect, that national sur vlval, or at least avoidance of an- other terrible war, hunK upon mircoss. Therefore he advocated KlvInK KM1 the ntrnnnest ndmlnlstrator, und then puttlnff nt the administrator's dlsponal ample funds to do the Job. He pointed out what has been obvious from the that the sum ncmlecl for ld not bo determined in And he sensibly KWP cm advancer ___ rd that If tho administrator could bo counted on not to waste money, It was wise to provide him with an adequate operating marKln. TAJT, ON the other hand, Kavo rrudlflnft lip service to tho KrtP idea, but made It obvious that ho would prefer the risk of too llttlo money for KHI' rather than the. rlr.k of too much. This Inipllnt that he ha.s not grasped the risk of FJIP failure. And herein UPS the essential difference, between the two men. Taft, with hi it no.i- talsta for a plea.ianler past, looks backwards, and Is reluctant to face the facts of the present. Dewey also briskly up-to-date, ha.t faced all the facts, however Krlrn, and has made up his mind that Itiesti factn must be dealt with. This Is the fundamental Issue which the two men are now debat- ing. In his opening effort, Gover- nor Drwry ha.i po.scd ttio Iwuin wiuarely, Taft Is also speaking out with the bleak honrsly, so odd In a jxillUclan, which inakfn men admire him even when Ihry dlMiurei- with him. tils mott extraordinary re- cent demonstration of thin trait was at Omaha. Neliraska. In thn heart of the farm bell, where he advurat- ed lowur farm parity payments, pcilltlclari.i would have pre- ferred tf> kick an adult fleiiKal tlKor in Mir belly. The difference between Taft. and Prwey alwi happenn to be the Police Chief Francis niloy Donald Bchmltcko, Monday night 20, Bismarck, N, had admitted the theft last Saturday night of some In Jmvelry from a Minneapolis pawn- shop. Hn roportcd Bchmltcko, pick- ed up for Investigation, was found carrying numerous watches and rlnifs and that a lockor ho hud rented at tho railroad depot hold additional Jowolry of all descrip- tions. Weather FKDKUAL VORKCASfS Wlnona and vicinity: Oonorally fair and continued mild tonight and Wednesday. Low tonight 28; high Wednesday 44. cloudy tonight and WodnoHday with light snow north portion tonight and snow Hurt-ten northeast portions Wednes- day. Colder north portion tonight and central and south portions Wed- nesday. cloudy south and mostly cloudy north portion to- nltcht and Wednesday with light itnow north portion tonight and IturrlcM near Lake Superior Wednesday. Colder northwest por- tion tonight and north and central portions Wednesday. LOCAL WEATHER Official ob.iorvatlonn for tho 24 houni ending aL 12 m. today: Maximum. 40; minimum, 20; noon, 10; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at aun rises tomorrow at KXTKNDF.D FORECASTS Mlniuwita-WldconNln Tempera- tures will average from slightly ivbovo normal northern Minnesota to tct> doftrcoH above normal. Normal maximum 23 northern Minnesota und 43 iiotith. Minimum throe above Minnesota to 22 south. Colder norlliurn huctlomi Wudnus- day. Llttln change Thursday, Colder oiitlni district Friday night and Saturday. Precipitation will be con- fined to light northern tton.M of Minnesota and Wisconsin I'rlclny or Friday night, averaging I-110 Inch or le.i.i. THMI'KIIATUIIES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Prec- 'inmldjl 34 7 32 55 30 Dm Molno.s 05 31 Uuluth 41 13 T. nt. Falls ,01 Kansa.'i City 01 34 AriKclfln HO y what aro probably wide, reddish desert wastes, There aro no oceans or lakes. Hero aro Homo things about, Marti earned by other techniques: Such poison gases as methane and ammonia, found in the atmosphere of other planets, aro absent on Mars. The oxygen content of its atmos- phere IN too slight to show on pho- .oKraphlc plates, but carbon dioxide s found In about the same amount the earth has. Tho daytime temperature at the equator Is Just above freezing, the light temperature is probably around BO below. Elkhorn, Wis., Farmer billed by Falling Silage rcikhorn. Win. (Al Wlllliim lin, crushed to death uulor frozen silage which dislodged 'rom tho walls of a silo on his larm .hrcc miles south of here Monday. :io is .survived by his widow and two imall children. Compromise on Rent Control Extension Seen WftHhlnitlon The Scnntc bunking Hommlttw imanlmouiily favors extending runt controls 14 months with some changes. The House banking committee has voted 18 to 5 to continue the exist- ing law "as is" for one month. II would decide laUir about, a extension and any changes. But members of both committees predicted today the House and the Senate will Ret, together on one of the two or u compromise February 20. The present law expires then. Tho Semite committee voted 13 to 0 late Monday for continuing corv trols through April 30, 11MO. Its bill would permit rent increases up to 15 per cent where tenants .and landlords agreed on a lease running through 1MO. The present law, up to the start of this year, allowed in- creases of the same amount In re- turn for a lease good through 1048. Tenants who already have agreed to a 15 per cent rent boost could riot be charged another one, said Sena- tor Hurry Cain chair- man of H banking subcommittee on ciHs. Hero is Cain's explanation of how the new law would work on those points: In the case of tenants who accept- ed rent increases for leases running through 1948, their present rents would be "frozen" when those leases expire December 31. This "freeze" would remain In elTcct through April 30, 1843 the expiration date of the proposed new law. Rent control then would end nil tenants who signed leases under the expiring law. Hon Grunt of Austin, Minn., who weighed only ounce.1.1! at, birth h year uyo, to- duy baaiitH a hearty 17 poundti. In j'unr Nhi! hus run her original 13 inches of length into it height of 28 inches. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Grant. (A.P. Wlrcphoto to Thu Bepubllcan-HcnUd.) Flax Straw Converted to Linen Quickly Demonstrators Show New Process at U. of Minnesota A new, cheap method to convert flax Into Ilium yarn In four or hours WIIH dcmonHlnited today at the Univer- sity of Minnesota. Most important new feature of the method i.s a chemical process which removes gums and other waste material from flax fibre. This takes only a half to three-quarters of an hour. It substitutes for the "natural" method used by Irish and other European linen makers. They soak the fibre in bogs or streams for from several days to several weeks. Culminates Research Today'H demonstration came after Hcvurul years of work begun by Dr. R. E. Montonna and carried on since he left last fall for Syracuse university, by Dr. L. H. Reyerson, professor of chemistry, and Dr. E. J. Amdur, research assistant. Their purpose was to find a use for flax straw. Minnesota, North and South Dakota grow 72 per cent of the nation's flax. It is harvested for seed. Until recently the straw, about tons a burned. Now perhaps a quarter of tho total Is used to make clgarct paper. Much of the remainder. Dr. Reyer- son believes, could profitably be used to make linen. A complete linen factory has been set up at the university. Last ma- chines were added only a few weeks ago. Dr. Reyerson said that tests thus far indicate that linen made Irom local straw Is equal in: strength and quality to European linens. Other tests are under way. He made it clear, though, that machine-made linen is not likely to be a serious competitor for Euro- pean linens, ha mild, "at moNS production of linen for towel- Ings, sheetings and shirtings. On a cost basis, Dr. Reyerson said he is hopeful linen yam can be produced for as little as a dollar n pound, "far below the present price." Acciiratn flgiiruii. based on ex- erlcncK at the university plant, should be available not later than this fall, the chemist continued. The university plant can make 50 pounds of yarn a day. Dr. Rcycr- son a string of pounds-a-day plants In flax growing Only Full Time G.I. Students Get Pay Boost Washington Higher living allowances for veterans in school will be granted only to full time students, the veterans admlnlstra' Lion sold today. Part time students, on the Job trainees and others, are not entitled to raises provided in a bill signed by President Truman last Satur- day, attorneys said. The new nubslslenco payments are a month for a veteran without dependents, with one dependent, and with more than one dependent. Los new has been added: BUB riders will now KCt music, according to Kansas City bus officials. A small machine that will piny an hour of recordings will bo placed In every bus fnr the convcnlenr.r of tho paxwngcrn. r can see It ii.ll now HUN Koinp peacefully along Sunset boulevard, with the swinging and swaying to the latest music And right be- hind, on a motor scooter, Pe- trllln tryinff to collect iliicn. Thn will now chant, "Dance In the rear of the bus, please." And the favorite song during the rush hours will probably be "Near you." Now when n bus Is jammed you won't have any trouble get- ting out. One of the jitterbugs can throw you out the window. Instead of iinklllfr the driver for u transfer, you Just ask for an Intermission. The drivers are havlnff a lit- r tic trouble getting; adjusted. Evcrytlmc Spike Jones record K'ocx on, they stop and start looking for the blowout. 1 understand they are ffolnc In liuvu a special litix for sleepy rlitarn. It's Guy Lomlmrdo music. How far can this go? I was on a bus the other day and 11 had a hlir slirn; "Khumba at your owii risk." Republican-Herald photo "Spring In Central Park" might be the title of this picture token Monday afternoon when tho mercury zoomed to a delightful 4Q after six wcuks of severely cold weather. The spring-like air was almost too much for Ruth Wood, 255 East Fourth street, and Louis Hainer 120 East Mark street, as they hurried from school to enjoy the bright sunshine. Both are students at Winona Senior High school.________ U.S. Officers Arrested In Soviet-Occupied Korea Seoul The U. S. army reported today two of officers were manhandled and placed under temporary arrest at Pyongyang in Soviet-occupied north Korea. They were trying to watch a parade of the newly-disclosed north Korea people's army, They are Major'Daniel G. Costello, Imogene. Iowa, and Major Richard C. Biggs, Berkeley, Calif. A spokesman for U. S.1 occupation headquarters said, the incident oc- curred Sunday. The same day a radio broadcast from Pyongyang an- nounced establishment, with Rus- sian approval, of a north Korean government with an army. KiilriiHiid Unharmed The spokesman said the Americans were taken In custody of the Korean constabulary while Russian officers looked on. The two were released without explanation 30 minutes later. Costcllo sulcl him. civilian pointed a pistol at His camera wa-s taken. He protested to Soviet authorities. The Incident was reported to both the army and State departments. Lieutenant General John R. Hodge. U. S. occupation com- mander, commented only that Soviet liaison officers In Seoul "have complete freedom of and can take pictures, including those of military parades." This account was given by the spokesman: Costello and Biggs were trying to find a place near the reviewing stand to see a parade "marking the second anniversary of the founding of the North Korean Peoples re- public." The parade wn.s an all-Korean affair, Including units of the Kor- ean peoples army, groups of gov- ernment employes, factory workers, farmers, and political units. A lieutenant colonel of the peo- ples army and six civilians at- lempLisd to force the Americans to leavo by pushing them. The U. S. officers'stood firm. After about ten minutes of tugging, the Americans moved along the street to a point near a group of Russian soldiers. Film Demanded The Korean officer and the civil- ians followed and pushed the Amer- icans toward a police box. They denied the Americans permission to talk to the Russians. The Ameri- cans entered their Jeep. A civilian drew a pistol, said he was a de- tective, and demanded Costcllo's film. Costello complied. The Kor- ean constabulary was called and a guard placed over the Americans. camera wn-s snatched by civilian who disappeared. The Americans said they asked Russian officers w> Intervene, but the Soviets said they had no au- ;hority. After awhile, the Korean guards left without explanation and ;hc Americans departed unmolested. Late Bulletin Baltimore A federal grand Jury today indicted re- tired JMajor General Bennett E. Meyers on a chiu-KC ho evaded worth of income taxes. Mexico City Senator Miiuro AnRulo was shot to dentil toilny. Apolonlo 1'ereK Sun- cliei. Investigator for tho attor- ney general's office, wild tho senator was killed by two men fired three shots into his back n.s he stopped to unlock the door of car. Swift Employes Vote to Strike A strike notice St. Paul affecting workers in nine-Min- nesota packing plants was filed with Leonard Johnson, state labor conciliator today. The United Packinghouse Work- ers, district 2, in a dispute Involving wages included in renewal of a contract, filed a notice against: Swift Company. South St. Paul, Swift anil Company, Wlnona, 250. Cudahy Packing Company, Newport, Armour Company, South St. Paul, Company, Albert Lea, Company, Fai-lbault, 200. Superior Packlnr Company, SI. Paul, 250. Dai-lunch Packinr Company, St. Paul. 50. RlfklnK Son, South St. Paul, 50.___________ U. S., Britain Sought Separate Peace, Russ Say Moscow Russia has ac- cused the United States and Britain of conducting secret talks for a separate peace with Germany In the middle of World War U. The Soviet union made the charge Monday night in the fourth install- ment of its reply to U. S. State de- partment disclosures of documents regarding Russian-German, rela- tions. A statement said Allen W. Dulles, a brother of John Foster Dulles, represented the U. S. in talks with a German spokesman In 1342 which touched on the question of conclud- ing a separate peace with Ger- many. It also charged that the son of Lord Beaverbrook, British publisher, represented Britain in similar peace talks with a German representative in September, 1041. Other The statement further accused Britain and Prance of seeking to start war with the Soviet union in 1940 instead of fighting Germany. Officials said this was the final round of statements before publi- cation of captured German docu- ments Russia claims to possess. "Prom these the statement said, "It can be seen that in the autumn of 1941 and also in 1942 and 1943 in Lisbon and in Switzerland, negotiations were car- ried on behind the back of the U.S.S.R. between representatives of Britain and Germany, and later be- tween representatives of the United States and Germany on the sub-' ]ect of peace with Germany." The Russian statement declared that Dulles, with authority from the White House, conferred with the Germans under the pseudonym of It the Gorman representative Prince Max Hohenlahc, who acted as Hitler's representative un- der the assumed name of "Pauls." Russia said Germany's security service possessed documents Riving, 13 Community Organizations Support Plan Council Program, 3 Area Residents Heard If community solidarity win keep the Archer-Daniels-Mid- land Company operating to Wl- nona, the flax extraction plant should continue its West End operations lor many years, 1 Monday night, when the city council held a public hearing, 13 organizations went on record fftvorlnK expansion of the A-D-M at the present site. of them even considered the Al- ternative: Forcing A-D-M to leave the city. Twelve of the represent a membership of fifth or the population, and the 13th Is the nine-man board of education, an elected body which entire city. A I4fh body last night got be- hind the drive to keep A-D-M here. a drive which was started when Industrial committee of the Association of Commerce told the council that A-D-M would elsewhere unless there was "whole- hearted unanimous assurance of the people of our city" that we wmnt to retain this Industry. That Hth body was the city coun- cil itself, which unanimously passed. a resolution which favors the ex- pansion nt the present location. DuM. NnUanee Only three persons at public hearing and the ex- pansion, although their leading spokesman, Frank Brcza, 177 Nortli Baker street, was careful to point out that "we aren't here to 'Archcr-Donicte out." Referring to the diut nulatnot. he said, however, "that we cant to on living the way it Is now." Mr. Brcza said that the dust condi- tions had been letting "worae in- stead of better." and declared lait summer -the "wont had." We want them to expand." Mr. Brcza, "if our living cooeUUonm can be Improved." Ho spoke before n full house. SeaU in tho council chambers were filled, and about a itcoro of perwna standing. It wan one of the largett council crowds in months. John Peterson, 87 North Baker street, and Oscar 125 North Bnkor street. Joined Mr. Breza. In asking for improved living con- ditions. To their requcBt J. R. Chappell. chairman of the industrial commit- tee, said that "some sacrifice is nec- essary for those who live there, but they're (A-D-M officers) going to do their best" to eliminate the dust nuisance. New riant May Help He explained that A-D-M Is now operating in a "poor building" and "they feel that with a new plant they may be able to reduce the dust nuisance. They will do their bent to reduce the nuisance to the very lowest minimum, but that minimum can't be predicted. "If money can do it, they'll do it They're going to do their to control the dust." Selection of another In the city was out of the question, tald Mr. Chappell. pointing out that months had been spent In studying new locations. If one of them. In the far East End, would have been satisfactory, A-D-M would have to spend "four to five million but the site had finally been ruled A-D-M board of dlrccton. out. The said he, was meeting within a week to decide whether to "expand here or go some other place and I'm not at all sure even if there 100 per cent support that "we can sell the A-D-M board to expand here." Survey Undertaken First Ward Alderman Loyde pfeifler. In whose word A-D-M U located, arose at the public hear- ing to say that "if we lose A-D-M It will be a blow we will never over- come. If we force A-D-M out, other Industries will find out." The alderman said he had a survey of residents within a block of the plant and indicated that he (Continued on Paje Column 1) CITY COUNCIL Turkey Suffers Two-River Flood tiUnbul, rtvcrm broke dykes and turned a large of south central Turkey into a lake today. It was one of Turkey's worst floods. The entire 20-mllo area be- tween Adarm and the Mediterranean was reported under water. of villages were covered. Public Works Minister Kasim Oijlek would not estimate tho toll because of wrecked communications. The re- gion is in the valleys of the Ceyhan and Scyhan rivers, Adann., with population, was almost entirely Hooded. Memin. a coastal city of 40.000. para- lyzed. Porters carried people on their backs to safety. The newspaper Son Posta a prison for women collapsed outside Adona. Casualties were undeter- a summary of liiose negotiations, mined. ;