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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 17, 1947, Winona, Minnesota W EITHER ljrht now tpnlxhtj Ixtn ton I (fit Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations F OLLOW Steve Canyon On BACK 1-ACE VOLUME 46, NO. 307 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 17, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWELVE PAGES Druggist Dead in Crash of Small Plane U. S. to Keep Isles Decision to Meet U.N. Opposition Legal Title to Marshalls, Mariana Carolines Asked ISy John A. Purrlx, Jr. I.ukr, X, V. The United States informed tho world that intends to keep tho strategic chains of Japunesc-man- clrile l.'.luncls in tho Pacific to In- .-.uri1 American security. i ix druft agreement submitted to Secretary-General Lie and circulated to members of the U.N. security council, the U. S. gov- rrnmcnt asked the United Nations ;o designate these islands, Includ- inc most ot the Marshalls, Marianas unc! Carolines, sis a "strategic area" under American administration. Indications were that the plan would meet immediate opposition in the council from Russia. Great Britain. Australia and perhaps .oth- r.-r.. Moscow, London and Canberra were reported to have iidvlxcd tho U. s. Stato department that they were opposed to acceptance ot any jiKWmrnt untlh OIL- pence treaty with Japan wax sHrncd, To Keep Crash Site An Avlanca Air Lines DC-4 passenger plane, bound from Ilarruruiuilla to Bogota, Colom- bia, (broken crashed into Tablazo Peak, 30 milci northwest of Bogota, with was reported as perhaps the heaviest loss of life In an airliner crash. (A.P. Wlrephoto- Map.) But whether the United Nations approves the agreement or not, the U. S. made it clear that she has no Intention or giving up the Islands that she considers no essential to American defense. Senate Committee Approves Limit On Presidency Senate Ju- diciary committee voted, nine to one, today for a proposed constitu- tional amendment to limit prcsl- nd debris of the plane over th 53 Killed in S. American Plane Wreck Seven From U. S. Aboard Craft Which Hit Mountain By Carlos Villar Bogota, Colombia Search parties labored in mountain country ;o the northwest today to bring in bodies of S3 persons killed in tho worst commercial airplane crash on record. They recovered three of the bodies before darkness stopped their ork last night. The passengers and a crew of four, Including at least sev- en pcrson.i from the United States 'on a four-engine Douglas DC-4 of the Colombian Avlanca Alr- ines that plowed into cloudy Ell Tablazo cliff, 30 miles northeast of icrc, Saturday on a flight to Bogota rom Barrangqullla, about 500 miles Week-Old Plane Twisted Wreckage After Crash Tho plane struck about 2 p. m icur the top of a prec ace climaxing an elevation bout feet above sea level. Th wreckage blew up, scattering bodlc dentlal tenure to two full terms of four years each. Chairman Wiley (R.-Wls.) told reporters the committee made two Authoritative sources said that no changes in a similar amending one has raised any objection to'resolution already passed by the House, 1. Under resolution voted by the Senate committee, if a President had served loss than year he would be eligible for an additional two full terms.; vldcd that if tho President serve any part ot a term ho would I ellgltolu for only one additional fU term. 2. The Senate measure would quire ratification by conventions In three-fourths of the states, rathe than by the legislatures of three fourths of tho states. continued American occupation of the islands, nor to have opposed any particular part ot the agreement. Duo to council occupation with tho pressing problem of atomic energy, thn U. S. proposal may noi rrnch tho floor for dny.i. spppificully. Uin United (itritti; ttidu thnt ivll of tho former Ger- man l.ilandi north of tho Equator which were turned over to Japan as mandates by tho League or Na- tions be placed under U.N. trustee- ship with the U. S. as administra- tor. Legal Title Sought If approved, tho agreement would give the United States, as admin Istrrlng authority, virtually the name rights as would como under out- right annexation. Thff 623 Islands, extending north from tho Equator about 2.200 miles and for about miles from cast to west, have a total land area of only 820 square miles. Their total population is about With the exception of Guam In the Marianas, an American posses- sion received from Spain, these islands were, formerly German pos- sessions, but were mandated by the League of Nations to Japan. The Marshalls consist of 33 cora tolls and have a population o 10.439. The Islands Include such vita bases as Saipan and Tinlan in th Marianas, Truk in the Carolines nn Kwajaleln in the Marshalls, Income Tax Cut Sought by Taft By Jack Bell Washington Senator Taf asserted today that Con Kress can cut income taxes by even if it doesn't vote th Bill to Keep Excise Taxes Passes Senate Senate to d.iy passed a bill to retain cxclsi taxes at their wartime rates. The House passed similar legisla- tion last month. Because of amcnd- the bill will now go to a conference committee composed o Senate and House members. The taxes apply to such commodi- ties as liquor, cosmetics. Jewelry :inc Milwaukee Man Killed in Brawl, 2 Others Wounded Milwaukee One man was killed and two others .wounded by shotgun blasts in what Detective Lieutenant Rudolph Glitscr describ- ed as a "drunken brawl" In a bnsc- rncr.t apartment early yesterday afternoon. Glaser said Henry J. Ratz, 57, was found dead in the apartment and Decision Delayed Washington Postpone- ment of any consideration of tax cuts until Congress determines how much to slash the 1947 .spending budget was announced today by Chairman Knutson (K.-Mlnn.) of the House ways anil means committee. Hearings previously had been set to begin Wednesday on Knutson'.s House bill No. 1 call- Ing for a. 20 per cent "across thn board" cut in Individual in- come levies. full budget cut pro- posal which goes before both houses .'or action this week. Taft called the Senate Republican policy committee into session today ,o decide what to do about counter proposals by Senators Milllkln (R.- Curacy (R.-S. and oth- ers to slice only off resident Truman's budget. The Ohio senator told a reporter he personally thinks the '00 proposal is too big a bite for the party to guarantee at this time. "If wo can cut expenditures that much as appropriations bills come long, without too deep a reduction n national defense items, fine." Taft aid. "But I don't want to promise omethlng we may find it Impossible o Full Cut Expected The House generally is expected o vote speedy approval of the full ut, thus leaving tho main fight or the Senate floor. Taft Indicated he will support the proposal, which al- eacly has attracted tho backing of cnator Vnndenbcrg the cntuc's presiding officer and chair- man of Its foreign relations com- .ittec. With such a cut and the Increase n revenues which would occur with he extension of excise taxes that cllfl face and a steep ravine below Americans Aboard Those from the TJ. S. aboard wer identified as: Captain Kcnnet Newton Poe, pilot, who recently too the plane on a European .tour. Captain Royo Kaye, copilot radio operator. Henry R. Burton of St. Charles Mo., coordinator of North American personnel of the Tropical Oil Com pony. Prod W. Wohn. chief of Troplca Oil's construction department, re tired army colonel and veteran o wartime service in the Caribbean with the.nir transport command. Carl Hubman, official of tho Texas Petroleum Company. H. K. Huflendlck, another 'Official of Texas Petroleum. Bcno Slosln of New York city United Artists moving picture dis- tributor. A Canadian, a Britisher, a French- man and at least two prominent Co- lombians also died in the wreck. Tho cliff la ten miles from the nearest settlement Subachoque. Villagers and police made up rescue parties scnc from Subachoque, Su- ?ata and San Francisco. First Bodies Removed By last night, rescuers with long ropes had succeeded in hoisting tile Irst three bodies from a ravine to La Sabana Plateau topping the cliff and said they could get no more out that way. Meanwhile other parties, the first cd by the mayor of Supata, reached he ravine below the cliff and found he corpses there badly mangled and burned and mixed with pieces of the ilane, some in crevices that could ic reached only by ladder. The death toll in the crash topped he fatalities of the two worst irevious recorded commercial plane Republican-Herald Photo This is the wreckage of the week-old Cessna two-seater airplane Jn which Leo H. Moylan, Winona druggist, plunged to his death Sunday about m. This picture was taken a few minutes after Moylon's body was extricated from the door which Is visible. Before his body could be moved tho privately-owned tipped to this position. It had been standing nearly on its nose, with the tall, nt tho right, high in the air. In that position the' door was facing toward the ground. The plane fell after striking a high branch In the tree seen above the left wheel as Moylan was coming in for a landing at the Winona municipal airport. Airport officials said Moylan was not "checked out" in this plane. Moylan is shown at lower right. Anti-Gambling Bill Proposed To Legislature St. Pan! A bill backer corporation to "receive, register, .or forward in any manner xny bet or wager or any money, hing or consideration of value bet or wagered by or for any person upon the result of any trial or lontest of skill, speed or power if endurance of man, machine or beast." The bill also prohibits the taking of bets, upon the result of any political appointment or election, or upon the result of any lottery, chance or casualty, or unknown or; contingent event whatsoever." Violations would be punishable by' the gross misdemeanor- penalty, j which is one year's imprisonment Continued Cold Prolongs British Coal Shortage By Robert Hcwctt London Forecasts of con- tinued cold weather threatened to- day to prollRg for at least another week a fuel crisis responsible for Tippling factory shutdowns and ilectric power cuts throughout the nation. Although the cabinet was ported hopeful of setting a date fo aslng emergency measures It in last week to meet the crlsL no immediate end was In sight fo 3owcr rationing decrees which hav eft homes, stores and offices with ut electricity for five hours dally The ministry of fuel reported th mergency measures had rcsulte slight Increases in coal stocks a owcr generating stations, but de lined to forecast an end to th risls. The ministry reported that ons of coal had been saved in th rst six days of restricted powe sage, or about one-third th mount normally used in generating cctriclty in that period. Coal stocks at power stations havi been built up to a supply as compared with the nine-day sup ply which was on hand when thi government first ordered all plants closed in 38 English and Welsh counties and began restrictions on domestic consumers. Miners broke into traditional "no Sunday work" rule yesterday, thou- sands working overtime to dig coa as a sign of support for the Jabor government that nationalized the mines and promised improved, work- ing conditions.. St. Paul Boy Killed on Hayride Mishap St. M. Todora Jr., eight, of St. Paul, was crushed to death late Saturday when an automobile struck the rear of a hay- ride wagon. Josephls mother, and 14 other children on the ride es- caped. One girl suffered minor bruises. Sommer Renorninated As Marshal for Minnesota Washington President Tru- man today nominated Fnink W. Sommer for reappointment as U. S. marshal for Minnesota. Boyle in Playland Hay Boyle, Associated Press columnist who won a Pulitzer prize for his war correspond- ence and who since has become known as "The Poor Man's is off to Florida to look in on the vacationing poor, the in-the- middles and everything else too, as usual. lie's going to Investigate those, stories you've been hear- ing about ham sandwiches and the hotels where you can take your family for a week plus tips. (If you know how newspapermen live, you'll know that his views on such spots will be strictly birdseye. In addition to the play- grounds of the rich, Boyle also to visit the people who live, not just play, in Florida. Watch for these "pictures of Florida with the Boyle touch" beginning tomorrow in The Republican-Herald. Commercial Levy Will Take Greater Boost A 30 per cent' increase in rates for property damage liability In- surance on private passenger cars and a 40 per cent jump in the rate on commercial vehicles were an- nounced today by the National Bu- reau ot Casualty Surety Under- writers. The revised rates announced by e bureau, which include a boost in the bodily Injury rate, too, are effective today. The changes In ;he bodily injury rate produce a evel ten per cent above the pre- war level, with some minor varia- tions by states In the case of pri- vate passenger cars. The new rates apply to 27 states, including Wisconsin and Minne- sota, and for Wisconsin the bodily injury rate changes are "some- what higher because of exceptional conditions" In that state, accord- ing to the'bureau. California, Wyo- ming and Vermont are also listed by the bureau as having "ex- ceptional conditions." Reflect Losses The upward, change in the rates, says the bureau in explanation, 'reflects current loss conditions." A spokesman said that "a heavy increase in the relative number of automobile liability claims received and the much greater cost of set- tling these claims were the princi- 3al reasons for the new rate ad- lustments. "Since the end of gasoline ra- he added, "the frequency of claims submitted to insurance companies has increased. In addi- tion, it now costs 30 per cent more ;o settle the average bodily Injury claim than it did In 1S41, while he cost of settling the average Continued on Page 3, Column 4) INSURANCE Admiral Byre Flies Over South Pole By Alton L. Bl.akeslec Aboard the U.S.S. !Wt. Olymnu (n Ihe Antarctic, February Rear Admiral Rich ,ird E. Byrd flew over the Soutl pole today and dropped the flag of the United Nations at the pole dispatches from Little America an. nounccd. In flying over the pole, Byrd duplicated his feat of Novcmue; 29, 1929. The dispatches did no state how far his plane had flowi nto areas never before beheld by human eyes. (No official United Nations flag has been adopted. It is possible that Admiral Byrd dropped a flag bearing one of several designs that have been suggested for such a flag, or that the dispatches avail- able to Blakeslee arc in Byrd returned to Little America at a. is p. m., Vegro Prisoner Ranged by Mob Plckens, S. C. A band of .rmed men early today removed Negro prisoner, Willie Earle, 25, Greenville, from the Plckens coun- y an hour and a half later is body was found on a road in Greenville county. "Just before 5 o'clock this morn- said 62-year-old Jailor J. Ed "about 25 men knocked t the front door. Then they came round to the back door. One of hem said they wanted the Negro nd wouldn't harm anybody else. cvcral ot them carried shotguns, nd most of them wore caps. They nade me go in and unlock the cell. hey took the Negro and drove way in several cars. It was then a ttle after 5 o'clock." At clock the body of the Negro, who ad been arrested for investigation the stabbing of a taxi driver, was ound in adjacent Greenville couii- Coroner J. O. Turner, said the ody bore stab wounds and that he head had been shot through jth a shotgun charge. Earle had been arrested yester- ay morning, several hours after T. W. Brown. 50-year-old Green- ville taxi driver, was found, badly stabbed in a roadside ditch. He told officers he had picked up a Negro fare In Greenville Saturday night, and had been stabbed and robbed by the Negro about two miles north of the town of Liberty. Hospital attendants reported his condition critical. central standard a flight of nearly 13 hours. His plane took off accompanied by a second craft and returned with it, but it was not immediately announced whether both had flown over the pole. The temperature at the pole was reported to be 40 degrees below zero at an altitude of feet. The significance of Byrd's drop- ping the United Nations flag at the South pole was not explained. Radio communications with the Little America base and this head- quarters ship was difficult most of Sunday due to atmospheric con- ditions. The flight over the pole is one of the most difficult navigational feats of air travel, because all the meridians converge nt the pole. Little America is about 750 miles from the South pole. On his South pole flight in 1929 Leo Moylan Attempting to Make Landing Faulty Approach Believed Cause of Accident A faulty landing approach ap- parently caused the death Sun- day afternoon of Leo H. Moylnn. 43, who died instantly when the plane he was piloting plowed into the ground in an open field just cast of the Wlnona munici- pal airport. The two-seated plane, which had been purchased about a. week ago by the Winona druggist and three other amateur pilots, sln'mmcd into the ground nose first iiftcr clipping the top of a tree along the Goodvicw road and Moylan's head was crushed In the wreckage. Moylan was making his first solo landing in the new plane when he was killed, although he had had a private pilot's license far two yenrs, and H. C. Aakre, os- sfstnnt to A. M. Oskamp, manager or the airport, declared Moylan made the solo flight without beins "checked out." a term Indicating that a pilot has been certified by an instructor tq fly a particular type of craft. Licensed in ID-IS Moylan, who received his prlvats pilot's llcenso in February, IS45. made several flights In the new Cessna HO with John Thrunc, an instructor, Saturday afternoon but he was not "checked ac- cording to Aakrc, who is manager of the Winona Flying service. He said that Moylan had aslced Thrune to go up with him again soon. Early Sunday afternoon Moylan and Lester Stevens, another mem- ber of the Cub club, owner of the ulanc, made several take-offs and landings Sunday afternoon with, Moylan in the left seat, which is occupied by the pilot In control of the plane, "I assisted him on several oc- casions during the said Stevens, "but I got the impression from Moylau that he had been, checked out. I believe that he felt he was checked out." After several nights, Stevens climbed from the plane, left tha field and Moylan took off solo. After a short flight he an approach for landing, but as he came over the runway he "gunned" the engine and did not land, since another plane was just ahead oJ him on the runway. Engine Accelerated On his second approach, said Ralph Drake, Instructor at the air- port who saw the fatal accident, Moylan's turn after his base lee was low and flat. As he approached the airport from the east after .he 180 degree turn, said Drake. Ac plane got below the level of the trees lining the street off high- way 61. Just before lie reached the trees Drake heard a sharp acceleration of the engine, Indicating that Moy- 'an may have become aware he (Continued on Pace 3, Column. 4) CRASH British Royal Family Reaches Capetown Capetown The battleship Vanguard bearing the British royal amily arrived at Capetown today to the tumultous acclaim of thousands spectators who lined the shore. The Vanguard was escorted to her mooring by three South African rigates and six Venturas of the South African airforcc. Crowds in the cordoned dock crca cheered and lapped constantly as the battleship iQscd to the anchorage. Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and snow arly tonight followed by strong orthwesterly winds and consider- bly colder late tonight and Tues- ay. Low tonight 10 to 15 'above; igli Tuesday 26. Minnesota: Cold wave with low emperalures Tuesday morning inging from 15 below north to zero outh. Blowing light snow with ,rong northwesterly winds tonight. Byrd dropped a flag weighted occasional snow nurrics. a stone from the grave of Floyd (Diminishing winds and continued Bennett, who was with him Byrd's North pole flight of May The 1S29 flight was mjde in n. trl-motorcd Ford plane, while to- day's flight was mndc in a power- ful twin engined R4D navy trans- port, which is the .same as the commercial DCS. Bomt Balchcn piloted .the 1923 flight during which Byrd had to throw overboard 250 pounds of food to lighten the plane KO that it could make altitude over the moun- tains guarding the polar plateau. The names of the airmen on to- day's flight have not been learned yet. Election Returns Returns o'f today's primary election in the first and fourth wards of Winona will be collected and broadcast over KU'NO 'this evening. The Republican-Herald ofllcc will be closed. J'oIJs close at 8 p. m. Wisconsin: Cold wave except in extreme south portion. Low temperatures tonight ten be- low north to zero central, and ten above extreme south. Strong north- westerly winds tonight, diminishing- Tuesday afternoon. Light blowing snow tonight and Tuesday, except light rain changing to snow ex- treme south portion early tonight. LOCAL WEATHER Official observation for the hours ending nt 32 m. today: Maximum. 35: minimum, C9: noon, 35; precipitation, trace of; .sun .sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at 7. For the 21 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 39: minimum. C5; noon, 29; precipitation, none. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. 28 52 29 50 33 32 Chicago 35 Los Angeles 61 Miami 71 Minncapolis-St. Paul .....32 New Orleans 77 New York -13 Phoenix 8I> Seattle M Washington 43 ;