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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 16, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonight, No Important Temperature Change Winona T. C. St. Cloud Tonight 8 p. m. VOLUME 51, NO. 307 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA. SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 16, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES mances n h Rearmament TODAY 30 Atomic BombsMay Isolate U.S. Jy JOSEPH and STEWART AUSOP WASHINGTON American government has been having a hard new look at Soviet technical and scientific capabilities. The stimulus was the shocking discov- ery, in Korea, that the Red air force jet interceptor, the famous JIIG 15, has more speed, thrust and altitude than any fighter air- craft yet produced in the United States. The results of this new look have been even more dismay- ing. The most important result, in fact, is nothing less than an up- ward revision of the estimates of Soviet atomic capabilities. A year ago, the planners and experts fore- cast Soviet stockpiles of 48 atomic bombs by January, 1952; between 110 and "130 bombs by the next new year; between 170 and 210 bombs by January, 1954, and be- tween 230 and 300 bombs by Jan- uary, 1955. Situation Serious This curve was quite bad enough. It is not known how much more steeply the curve is now sup- posed to climb but one can guess that the old estimates have been increased by about 50 per cent. That is. of course, just another way of saying that the time when the Soviets will have a potentially decisive stock of atomic weapons has been brought nearer by half. At the same time, moreover, the term, "potentially has been up for reconsideration. Our rather rigid planners originally gave these two ominous words the meaning of the virtually total de- struction of the American indus- trial base, which would require sev- eral hundred bombs on target. More recently, however, the plan- ners have realized that our in- dustrial base can be neutralized more cheaply than it can be de- stroyed. It is now considered, for example, that it would be potentially deci- sive for the Soviets to separate this country from its allies and bases overseas by blocking the American East coast ports. Coast Vulnerable Because of the early warning problem and the 'greater destruc- tiveness of water-dropped atomic weapons, coastal cities are espe- cially vulnerable to atomic at- tack. Because of the shape of our road and rail nets, trans-Atlantic exports of American troops and weapons could be effectively halted by taking out the major ports, such as New York, Boston, Portland Norfolk, Charles- ton, Savannah, New Orleans and Galveston. Thirty or 40 bombs medium power on target should be more than enough to do the job. The Soviets will therefore have the bombs for this special job by 1953, with eHOUgh left over to allow for American interception, mised tar- gets, reserve stock, etc. Even our capability to retaliate against the Soviet' Union is af- fected by these facts. The inter- continental B-36 is now obsolescent, while the jet-power B-47, which is to become the workhorse of our strategic air power, does not have inter-continental range, and thus demands overseas airbases. Great progress has been made, to be sure, with in-flight-refueling, which gives both bombers and fighters almost any range desired. By the same token, studies are being made of artifical ports, like the famous "Mulberry" of the Nor- mandy beachheads, that would carry some trans-Atlantic traffic after destruction of normal port facilities. Study Problemi None the less, fighting a war after being three-quarters cut off from both our allies and our over- seas airbases, certainly hardly bears thinking about. Yet there is little hope that air defense devel- opments will rescue us from such Birthday Bombardment Wonsan Shelled365th Day ABOARD THE DESTROYER USS TWINING IN WONSAN HARBOR Allied warships unloaded a "birthday bonir bardment" through a snow- storm on battered Wonsan to- longest siege in U.S. naval history. The shelling, continuous daily for 365 days, today en- tered its second year. Before dawn today, two de- stroyers hurled shells on the east coast seaport, also a vital Communist industrial and transportation hub. Two U. S. destroyers, the Lind and the Ozburn, began the history-making siege of Wonsan in early morning dark- ness of Feb. 16 last year. Today's bombardment of a city that once had a popula- tion of nearly proceed- ed on a methodical basis. The city hardly can be call- ed the great hub into which all main and road networks of east Korea funnel supplies from Manchuria and Siberia to Red troops at the front. It was a key port for Allied forces until November, 1950, when the Chinese Communists swept south. The Allied 10th corps was forced to evacuate the entire northeast coast the following month. Throughout the year-long siege, naval guns have aver- aged tons of hot steel an hour. thoughts as these. "Project Lincoln" is the Air Force study of the .air defense problem, which is being carried on under contract with the Massachu- setts Institute of Technology. It has already pointed the way to many important new air defense devel- opments. But it has also pointed to the conclusion, unfortunately, that anything like an airtight de- fense against attacking bomber forces cannot be built now and probably will never be built during our lifetimes. According to the theory evolved by such planners as the new Bri- tish war secretary, Brigadier An- thony Head, all these dangers can be overcome by building a solid, conventional defense of the West. When the divisions are ready and in the line, .these planners say, the atomic potentials will matter less; for then the Soviets will no long- (Continued on Page 7, Col. 5) ALSOPS Justice Dept., Congress Probes Nunan Tax Case WASHINGTON Joseph D. Nunan Jr., today faced possible investigation by the Justice De- partment and Congress into his relations with firms having tax troubles. The Revenue Bureau said Nunan, after resigning as U.S. tax com- missioner in June, 1947, sought and obtained permission to represent nine such firms. The fast-moving case brought these late devel- opments. 1. Sen. George (D-Ga) announc- ed the Revenue Bureau had ad- vised his Senate finance commit- tee that it turned over to the Jus- tice Department for prosecution all nine tax cases in which Nunan's name appeared. 2. Rep. King Sen. George (D C a H f) a n- nounced that his House ways and means committee, now probing tax scandals in San Francisco, will call Nunan as a witness for a public airing of the nine cases. 3. Sen. Williams (R-Del) whose one-man inquiries have been a potent factor in unearthing tax scandals, announced he will insist that Nunan repeat under oath his denial of involvement in the Indi- anapolis Brewing Co. case. This newest, many-sided income tax uproar was set off by a Senate speech Thursday in which Williams said the Indianapolis Brewing Co. got a tax rebate on top of settling for a claim for back federal taxes after Nunan got permission in 1949 to handle its tax appeal. Nunan denied he ever represent- ed the brewery or accepted fees from it and said he did not recall ever seeking waivers to represent the firm. Federal law bars certain govern ment officials from pressing tax claims against the United States for clients within two years after they leave office. It provides for waivers in some cases. In Chicago, Alvin Bardin, presi- dent of the now defunct brewery, said he never had business deal- ings with Nunan and had met him only once at a luncheon. The brewery went out of exist- ence in 1949 after a receivership suit and a stormy tax fight with the government. Publicizing Relief Roles Not Cutting Total, Ewing Says WASHINGTON Oscar R. Ewing said Friday the records thus far show that making public the names on relief rolls has virtually no effect on the number of persons seeking relief. "If public access to names would lower the caseloads, spectacular declines should have appeared in Indiana in November and in Illi- nois in said Ewing, the Federal Security Administrat- or. "This did not happen." Illinois opened its relief lists in November, he continued, but its relief roll reduction in December lagged behind that reported from a number of other states. In both states, Ewing comment- ed, there had been widespread publicity to inform those receiving public assistance that their names would be made available to the public if they did not withdraw their claims for aid during the month before the rolls were thrown open. Until last year, states receiving federal funds for public assistance were required to keep their relief rolls confidential. i U. as Korea Police Power Willing to Accept Czechoslovakia And Poland Rumors Churchill Seriously III Denied LONDON the sec- ond time in two days, Prime Minister Winston Churchill's household insisted today the 77-year-old statesman is in good health. The statements were in re- sponse to persistent rumors in London that Churchill was se- riously ill. Some of these re- ports, which swept through the streets of the capital, even said he had died during the night. Adding fuel to the fire was the fact Churchill stumbled as he made his way into St. George's chapel, Windsor, yes- terday for the funeral King George VI. The stumbling fol- lowed Churchill's decision not to take part in the funeral pro- cession. Boyko Arriving Tonight to Face Murder Charges MINNEAPOLIS Boyko, 22, is expected to arrive here by plane at 8 p.m. today to face a first degree murder charge in the slaying of his 18-year-old wife, Jacqueline, last Monday. The suspect left Del Rio, Tex., last night in custody of two police officers to board a plane at San Antonio early today. Boyko was captured near Del Rio by two im- migration border patrolmen Thurs- day after fleeing from Minneapo- lis by car following the shooting. Charles Wetherille, Minneapolis detective inspector who is return- ing the prisoner, said Boyko ad- mitted he shot his wife during a violent domestic quarrel but claim- ed the gun was discharged acci- dentally. Calvin Hawkinson, a detective, accompanied Wetherille to the Tex- as city. Michael Dillion, Hennepin County attorney who issued the murder warrant, said a grand jury would be convened next week to consid- er evidence against the suspect. MUNSAN, Korea The U.N. command today vetoed Communist nomination of Soviet Russia as a neutral nation to help police a Ko- rean armistice. The U. N. accepted two Soviet j and Czechoslo- Red representatives on a.neutral behind-the-lines inspec- tion team, however. An Allied staff officer said the reason for rejection of Russia should be obvious. He did not elaborate. But the Russians have supplied Communist j armies in Korea with fighter' planes, tanks and other war ma- terials, and Russian officers train- ed the North Korean army before the outbreak of war. Action at Staff Meeting The action came in a staff offi- cer meeting after a full dress ses- sion by top negotiators in which the Reds offered a revised proposal for a top level Korean peace con- ference. The Red draft made no men- tion of non-Korean it was worded in such a way that almost anything could be included. The Allies turned down part of the original Red plan which called for settlement of sweeping Asian problems. The new Red proposal said only that a "higher level" political con- ference should be held within three months after a truce is sign- ed to discuss withdrawal of foreign troops and "the peaceful settle- ment of the Korean problem, etc." Adjourns Session Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, senior Greece, Turkey Now in NATO WASHINGTON Greece and Turkey's entry into the North At- lantic Treaty organization (NATO) has now been approved by all 12 member nations. The State Department announc- ed that Italy's acceptance Friday of the protocol completed the line- up. Belgium and France had sent theirs in the day before. Greece and Turkey formally be- come members of NATO when each deposits with the United States its "instruments of acces- sion." Allied negotiator, said "etc could mean a lot of things. I will not interpret anything until I have had a chance to study it." Joy asked for an adjournment until 10 a.m. Sunday to study the new proposal. Col. Don Darrow, a U. N. staff officer, said the Reds made it clear they would accept the Allied nominations of Switzerland, Nor- way and Sweden to help police a truce if the U. N. command would accept the three Red nominations. Both sides agreed earlier that countries which have not partici- pated in the Korean War are elig- ible for the inspection teams. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to- night and Sunday with occasional light showers tonight. No important change in temperature. Low to- night 17, high Sunday 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 39; minimum, 22; noon, 34; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional Weather on Page 7 Sen. Taft All-Out Attack Urged on Costly Truman Policies CHEYENNE, Wyo. by an "all-out attack on the immoral- ity of this on its "unlimited spending" and its "dis- astrous foreign policy" can the Re- publicans win the November elec- tion, Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) said last night. Failures of foreign poky, he as- serted, are at the base of every sacrifice Ameri- are now Basked to make. The presiden- tial candi date I; spoke before 5 some per- j'sons gathered in the junior high [school auditorium here for a post- Lincoln Day bar- becue. Taft said the GOP could not climb back to power by modifying its principles and added: "We are more likely to .acquire the votes of independent voters and millions of Democrats if we present the issues directly and forcibly against the Truman phil- osophy, issues in which we already have their sympathy." He accused Mr. Truman's ad- ministration of having been dom- inated by "a strange Communist sympathy." Taft, who swung into Wyoming yesterday morning on his Western tour, will be in Denver today for a box supper rally and a round of political conferences with Colorado party leaders. At a news conference in Chey- enne, Taft was asked what he would do if elected President. State Editors Elect Officers ST. PAUL E. Barnes, ed- itor of the Sleepy Eye Herald-Dis- patch, is the new president of the Minnesota Editorial Association, elected Friday to succeed Ben Gimmestad of the Dawson Senti- nel. Vice presidents chosen by dele- gates to the annual meeting are George A. Rossman, Grand Rap- ids Herald-Review; Donald C. Brown, Waseca Journal-Herald, and Scott Schoen, Redwood Falls Gazette. Part Of The reconstruction job on the White House is this new electric kitchen be- ing readied for use when President Truman and his family return from the. Blair House. The President said he hopes to be able to move into the improved historic structure sometime in April. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Gold Reserve Far Below Safe Margin France Will Vote On Use of Germans In U.N. Forces PARIS is in such critical financial state that drastic trimming of her defense effort seems inevitable, and she is bacfc- racking on important trade liber- ties fostered by Marshall aid. Already the .country has gone back heavily into the "quota" sys- tem of trade. One of the major aims of the U.S. economic scheme was to reduce such trade barriers in Europe. Falling in line, France removed an estimated 75 per cent of her quota trade restrictions. Now she is scaling back so that only about 40 per cent of these gains are being preserved. Her new restrictions are design? ed to cut imports from other Bur? opean countries by 14 million dol- lars to 20 million dollars per month. Cut Defense Effort A defense effort that once wai expected to reach about five bil- lion dollars seems likely to be cut back to about 3V4 billion and part of this will have to from America. A government which last month sought higher taxes for defense al- ready has failed. So unsteady is the franc in the eyes of investors that it is quoted on the black market at above 480 to the dollar. The official rate is 350. The government has repeatedly denied the franc will be devalued, but merchants and investors have for some time been expecting der valuation to cut the franc's value to about its black market wortS. A devaluation is not likely to before next month. The franc has been quoted at the reduced value so long that prices have tended to catch up with it, making a doubly difficult job of forcing back both inflated money and inflated prices. No Steady Government c t h All this has been gathering mo- LONDON Queen Elizabeth II hid lingering gnet lor ner i mentum over a Of m0nths. father behind her home's secluding walls today before grappling with The explanation has been the same host of duties and taking the long rest her advisors are urging for at least three years: The New John McGuire gas well in the famous Leidy chain is shown as it shoots flames more than a hundred feet in the air shortly after it was brought in Friday. The well is located about five miles north of Renovo, Pa. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) Rites Over, Queen Tackles New Duties upon her. in ner- j i i wobbly that no fundamental tax Within Clarence House she rested amid the comforting presence fiscal reforms have been of her handsome young husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, and her two children, three-year-old Crown Prince Charles and his year-old sister, 'Elizabeth II Anne. Before she takes a holiday to recover from the strains imposed upon her by the death her fa- ther, King George VI, and her sudden ascension of the British throne, she must make the deci- sions that only a sovereign can make. Rank for Husband One of decisions comes only to a queen, and never to a king the choice of rank and title for her husband. Palace sources believe he will receive the title of prince consort and be raised in precedence to rank ahead of all in the kingdom except the sover eign. Queen Vic-} toria, the great-- great grand- mother of both Elizabeth and the duke set the precedent by confer- ring this title and rank on her husband, Albert. The duke now is outranked by his son, who, as eldest son of the sovereign, became Duke of Corn- wall the moment the king died. Elizabeth must also consider plans for her coronation. A likely time for it is early summer, inas- much as she decreed mourning only until June 1, in place of the customary nine months to a year. She now has to arrange to move into Buckingham Palace, London seat of the monarch, from her pres- ent residence nearby in Clarence House. May Go to Sandringham Duty will keep her .in London for several weeks. Then she is expect- ed to go to one the royal estates __perhaps to the Sandringham es- tate where her father was born and died to rest from the heavy demands thrust upon .her when a blood clot claimed her father's life ten days ago. Elizabeth and her husband drove back together in yesterday's dusk from Windsor immediately after the burial of the king in St. George's chapel. Her grieving mother and her younger sister. Princess Margaret; returned to Buckingham Palace and there, today, they rested. The Duke, of Windsor, who marched behind his brother's coffin in yesterday's historic pageantry of death, will return to New York Barber Defies United Nations NEW YORK United Na- tions has a new Third Avenue barber. It may take an act of Congress to end their dispute. The U. N. already grappling with such vital issues as world disarmament, Korea and now must early next week. contend with Tom cupation, Third Avenue, New York, U.S.A. Fucarino, whose shop is in the east side area of the new U. N. headquarters, went to the county clerk back in 1946 and registered the name of the shop as "United Nations Barber Shop." But just a few days before the registration, the U. N. general as- sembly adopted a resolution against the use of its title for commercial purposes. The barber didn't know about the U. N. resolution, and the world organization didn't know about Fu- carino. The county clerk's office apparently was in the dark, too. Then a couple of weeks ago someone reported the barber to V.J.G. Stavridi, a U. N. official. Stavridi promptly dispatched a letter to the Third Avenue barber requesting that be "cease using the name." But Fucarino, who has been bar- bering around New York for 32 years, said he had no intention of changing his shop's name until some one proves he is breaking a law. That's where Congress conies in. There just isn't a law, although the U. N. has asked Congress to back up its resolution with federal legislation. Congress has a draft of the legis- lation, Stavridi said, but it's been pigeon-holed somewhere in Wash- ington and there's no telling when it will come up for a vote. Liquor Necessity On German Train Ride BERLIN liquor is a "necessity" when traveling on German trains these days, a West Berlin labor court ruled today. The judge upheld a liquor deal- er who sued for the right to keep his railroad station shop open long- er hours than others may renwin open. The coalition government is so ..obbly that no fundamental tax and fiscal reforms have been pos- sible. Reform attempts have col- lapsed one cabinet after another. The government has officially announced that its gold reserves of 550 million dollars are barely enough for day to day trading. And at present spending rates will last only until April. Last autumn the government an- nounced that credit controls were to be tightened to brake inflation by forcing merchants to liquidate some of their stocks.' Instead, the banks have pumped nearly 600 billion francs into the credit market. An the merchants had to do was to hold on awhile and let increased prices of their goods pay off bank loans. It has had a strongly infla- tionary effect. Use of Germans Up to France PARIS UP) United States policy of putting German soldiers into a unified army to defend Europe lies at the uncertain mer- cy of the French Parliament to- day. A vote of confidence, expected sometime after 8 p.m. will decide the issue. Parliament's decisidn is in the hands of the French Socialists, who want the whole question put off. They anti-Communist, but they want special guarantees for their country and they want Ger- man rearmament delayed until they get them. Their the National Assembly will decide whether final talks on the Euro- pean army can continue. This it the force designed to contribute 43 divisions, eventually, to Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's supreme headquarters. It would include forces from France, Italy, Bel- gium, Luxembourg and-the lands, plus German units for which recruiting has not yet started, Savings and Loan Gimmick Helps Dads _ ITHACA, N. Y. Uni- versity has a financial gimmick' that's sparing some dads pleading letters from "temporarily busted" students. A bill bas been tacked to a glass-encased bulletin board at Statler Hall. A card attached to the bill reads: u "Anyone who is tejnporarfljr busted may borrow this for three days. See secretary for Write your name on card. We turn card over on fourth day, exposing your, ntme, unless the is back fer thqi next person." r.. ;