Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 15, 1954, Winona, Minnesota
Partly Cloudy And Colder Tonight And Tuesday Enter Dennis the Menace Contest Now NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 72 SIX CENTS PER COPY WJNONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 15, 1954 SIXTEEN PAGES up ports to Be Cut 8 Cents Motorists And Residents in the sections of Los Angeles hit the hardest by Saturday's storm, like these two, Sunday began the hard work of digging out their stalled cars and their homes. Her.; Bill Harrison, left and Ted Waters shovel away some of the two-foot river of mud that washed down this south Los Angeles street stalling their car. (AP Wirephoto) Paying Taxes Without Filing Returns Seen for 35 Million By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON UPI Revenue Commissioner T. Coleman Andrews thinks the government can relieve about 35 million taxpayers from filing any individual income tax return at all next they would still pay the tax. Aid he plans to double the num- ber of revenue agents, now about by adding new agent a year to pick up VA to 2 billio dollars in taxes he says the gov eminent is now missing, and chec what he called a growing rise evasion. Andrews outlined these an other far-reaching plans durin closed hearings two weeks ag before a House Appropriations sub Mrs. Betty Loyd, left, of Waynesboro, Va., and Charles Rouda- busb, of Washington, D. C., are members of a team of 40 ex- plorers who entered Crystal Cave in Kentucky today for an eight- day underground expedition. An advance party of the explorers set up camp in a mile-long room after a tortuous five-hour crawl through Scotchman's Trap. (UP Telephoto) 55 on Crystal Cave Exploration Trip By ED EASTERLY CRYSTAL CAVE, Ky. woman, attired in Army khaki fatigue suit and a miner's helmet with carbide lamp, was descend- ing into the cave for a week's sojourn. A newsman inquired; "Is there anything nicer you'd rather replied Mrs. Ida V. Saw-'------------------------------------------- telle, 47, of Brooklyn, N. Y. "I'd like to go down for two weeks." Mrs. Sawtelle is typical of the 55 men and women engaged today in exploring Crystal Cave in the Mammoth Cave National Park area, 100 miles south of Louis- ville. She bubbled' with excitement _ last night as she accompanied bacteriologist of Arlington, Va., and Audrey E. Blakesley, 21, a secretary from Trenton, N.J. To Uncharted Regions Sixteen male members of the exploring contingent were working their way toward uncharted por- tions of the cave 200 feet below the earth's surface as the expedi- committee on his agency's budget. A transcript of his testimony was released today. The commissioner said "consid- erable progress" ha Sen. Watkins Hails Changes In Farm Staff Thinks Benson Has Strengthened His Department By JACK BELL 'WASHINGTON IB-sen. (R-Utah) said today that Secretary of Agriculture Benson has "given the Republican party a lift" by recent changes in top-level person- nel of his department. Watkins gave his opinion in an intervew as both Republicans and Democrats caught their breath after a barrage of GOP Lincoln Day oratory and counterblasts. Some of the counterattacking Democrats renewed criticism of the administration flexible farm price support proposals. But Watkins, just back from a visit to his home state, said he found President Eisenhower just as popular as ever in the West despite this criticism. "I don't think Republicans gerr erally are quite as popular as they were in 1952, but maybe we don'l have to be to retain control 01 he said. Original Sponsor Watkins, one of the original sponsors of Benson for his appoint ment to the Cabinet post, said he thinks GOP members generally Gen. L. C. Shepherd Jr., above, Marine commandant, in a statement made public Sun- day, said military discipline would suffer a critical blow if there were not a thorough in- vestigation of American prison- ers who broke under Commun- ist pressure in Korea. (UP Telephoto) on a long-talked plan under which strator of the department's Corn- no tax return would be required j modity Stabilization Service, its from persons whose entire inconie is subject to payroll withholding taxes. Single Report Employers would file a single report, covering both income taxes and social security taxes.'The gov- ernment would compute the tax and send the taxpayer a bill or a refund. That would leave only about 20 million of the nation's 55 million income taxpayers still filing an- nual returns. Andrews said the plan would save 35 million dollars a year trough reduced paper work for he tax service, but add 10 million big crop control and price support agency. Watkins said he thinks i most Republicans will look on the j shift as a "good start" toward firmer GOP control of the depart- ment. Gordon was succeeded last week by James. A. McConnell, New York Republican farm leader, in a move expected to be followed by other resignations and by the replace- ment of Democrats with Repub- licans on state commodity stabil- ization farmer groups which help administer federal pro- grams. Politicians were pointing to the department's action in dropping W. 0. Culbertson from its emerg- ency drought committee in New Wte S what ministration. j be expected He told the committee that 1955 I Robert L. Farrington, chairman s the target date for putting the department's drought com- plan into effect and "I think wejmittee, said Culbertson, a candid- ri" ate for the Democratic nomina- tion for governor in New Mexico, was dropped from the rolls "be- cause we had information he was not in sympathy with the drought program." House at Stoke With control of the legislative branch at stake in next Novem ber's elections, Republicans an Democrats fought a cross-countr can do it." He said new revenue agents can be added between now and une 30, 1955, without increasing appropriations, by 'using savings made in other fields. Andrews said the tax service ilso has smacked up against an ipparent increase in efforts to laim illegal dependents and de- uctions and get bigger tax refunds cross-countr of words over the weeken on the issues of Communism an recession. Some high-ranking Republican like Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Iowa continued efforts to hang a Com munist-coddling label on past Dem ban justified. He noted that re- unds have increased from bil- ion dollars in 1950 to more than Vz billion for 1953. Plenty of Errors The commissioner estimated lere are errors in 77 per cent ocratic administrations, f individual returns for business Hickenlooper told a Lincoln Day income of between and audience in Louisville, Ky., tha New Deal "surrenders to Commu nism" caused most of the world's present troubles. Ike Plans Holiday In Palm Springs WASHINGTON (Jl President Eisenhower, just back from a Georgia quail hunt, will leave Wednesday for five days of sun golf and work in Palm Springs, errors in 60 per cent of le returns on nonbusiness idual income between and For income below he aid, a recent check covering only uspicious returns showed errors in 9 out of 100. Although the number of evaders HI is small in comparison with le total of all tax returns, An- rews said, "this trend may be n indication that something ser- us is happening to our voluntary ompliance system another woman and four men on tion's first day ended. Two were the first stage of the exploration, I physicians and one was a bride' requiring nine hours of crawling j groom who interrupted his honey. and hiking. They carried 250 pounds of moon. A dozen of the men together with sonal effects and equipment, which I Miss Rogers and Mss Blakesley must hp must be dragged over the rock and dirt. Mrs. Sawtelle's bundles included the following items: a map, first aid kit, can of carbide, notebook and pencil, can opener, emergency rations, whistle, knife, kneepads, waterproof match container, 12 pounds of rope and other rock- climbing equipment, foot powder, cleaning tissues, comb, hand cream, face lotion and lipstick. "You know there are rats in the someone asked. Mrs, Sawtelle shrugged. "I've slept with rats running over my sleeping bag." Mrs. Sawtelle, who earns her spent their first night at Advance Camp No, 1, normally six hours travel from the entrance. Today a four-man party was searching for a .satisfactory site for Advance Camp No. 2, six hours farther in on the edge of the un- explored territory. From Advance Camp No. 2, small parties will go out on 18-hour trips probing what geologists esti- mate are 40 miles of unexplored passages. Altogether, 35 men and women will explore, while 20 others handle the job of supplying them with food and equipment and maintaining an Calif. The White House announced to- day the President plans to leave fay plane Wednesday afternoon and will return to Washington next Monday. Mrs. Eisenhower and a group of staff members will accompany him. The President will stay at the Smoke Tree ranch home of Paul E. Helms, baking firm executive panied by elaborate telephone system. 21, a schooteacher from Chevy Chasei Md. Neither had spent more than a day in a cave. Two other women preceded them underground as the National Spe- leological (cave study) Society launched the seven-day expedition. They were Nancy Rogers, 41, a of the Louisville Courier-Journal, who accompanied the first group in, frankly described the hardships. He telephoned: "I admit pooped." "You crawl on your belly so he related, "that it is won- derful to get up just on your hands and knees." f "disgraceful" attack upon the gov- ernor. Harry J. O'Donnell, Dewey's press secretary, said the senator's remarks in a speech Saturday night were "obviously designed to hide the hypocrisy of Mr, Leh- man's conduct in attacking Sen. McCarthy while he votes for ap- propriations for McCarthy's sub- committee." Addressing the state Democratic Committee in New York City, Leh- man referred to. the Republican governor of New York and the Re- publican senator from Wisconsin as "that newly formed team of smear and Lehman declared that Dewey's attack on the Demo- crats in a speech at Hartford, Conn., last December would "live ''long JB infamy." Senator Accused Of Hypocrisy in Attack on Dewey ALBANY, N. Y. A spokes- man for Gov. Thomas E. Dewey Sunday night accused Sen. Herbert H. Lehman (D-NY) of "hypocrisy" __, ____ _______ and distortion in what he.called a land personal friend of the Presi- dent. James C. Hagerty, White House press secretary, said a working office for the President will be set up near the Helms home. Eisen- hower plans to hold a news con- ference Wednesday afternoon, just before taking off for California. Eisenhower flew back here Sun- day night after a weekend of quail shooting at the plantation estate of Secretary of the Treasury Hum- phrey. The estate is located near ThomasviUe, close to the Florida line. The President brought down 10 birds Friday afternoon and an aide reported he got the legal daily limit of an even dozen on Satur- day, when he turned chef and broiled the quail for lunch over a charcoal fire in the open. 4 in Treasury Dept. Fired as Security Risks By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST WASHINGTON Treasury Department has informed Con- gress that out of 130 "security" dismissals or forced resignations in 1S53, four were found to be "disloyal persons" under standards since scrapped. The information was given to the House Appropriations -Commit- tee, which published it today, by Elbert P. Tuttle, acting security officer for the department, which has about employes. The committee was considering the department's budget request, A man doesn't have to be dis- oyal to be classed as a security risk, Tuttle said. He might be given a "dapgerbus" rating if he were "a rugged individual" with a mother behind the Iron Curtain, be added. In a separate report on the cus- oms service, whose employes supervise imports into the United 'States, it was disclosed that six persons were dismissed last year as security risks. Customs Com- missioner David B. Strubinger said all six appeared to have had "contact" with Communists. Tuttle gave the information about the Treasury Department security dismissals under repeated demands from Rep. Gary A number of Democrats in Con- gress have protested that Republi- cans have sought to give the im- pression that most of the persons the administration says were dropped from the federal payroll last year under its secur- ity program were subversives. Democrats claim' a big majority of the resigned or were firei for reasons other than loyalty am that many of them simply trans ferred to other government agen cies. Gary said he objected to lumping all "security risks" together an( including- Communists, alcoholics Big 4 Discusses Korea, Indochina Molotov Spikes Plans for Early Agreement on Austrian Treaty By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER BERLIN officials said today that Russia's rigid de termination to keep her forward military positions in Europe mean; the United Sates must maintain sizable forces on the continent fo; a long time. v Smoking out Soviet military intentions in Germany and Austria evidenced by their refusal to roll back power at any regarded by U, S. Secretary of State Dulles as one of the most important achievements of West- ern diplomacy at the Big Four conference. The American group here is also convinced that this finding will clear away any confusion and un- certainty in the Pentagon over what Amerca's future military policy should be and will result in planning for maintenance of strong U. S. forces in Europe. American officials feel this is one of the results of the diplomatic and propaganda battle with Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov here on European issues, which they be- ieve the United States, Britain and have clearly won. In Secret Sessions Today the Western three went into a new eecret session with Mol- otov to press for the same show- down on his real Korean and Indo- china policies that they ac- complished on his German and European security policies and on Austria. Comments made privately here oday implied that after the Ma- enkov government took over in and persons with other objection able traits, in the same category "There is a difference between a man being an alcoholic, which is a disease, and being a Commu nist, which is a he said Tuttle said there was no way o: comparing security dismissals un der the Eisenhower administration with those under the Truman ad- uMistration because "the whole basis- of approach is different.' Under the Truman loyalty stan- dards, he explained, disloyalty to the United States was the only grounds for dismissal. The four "disloyal persons" he nentioned, he said, were found to >e disloyal under the standards of he Truman program. The Eisen- lower program did not take effect until last September, Tuttle insist- ed that no breakdown of dismissals under it was available. Motorist Spreads .aw-Breaking Around MINNEAPOLIS W) Police said Richard R. Olson, 24, of suburban Brooklyn Center, led them on an 80-mile-an-hour chase Sunday which ended when Olson's car smacked a fire hydrant and overturned. Officers pulled Olson out through the windshield and charged him with: Drunken driving in Edina. Drunken driving in Minne- apolis. Resisting arrest in Edina. Driving'on the wrong side of the street in Minneapolis. Malenkov Hails Soviet Ties With Chinese MOSCOW Ml Soviet Premier Georgi Malenkov, toasting the Soviet-Chinese Friendship Pact on its fourth anniversary, declared last night that world security de- pends upon Communist China at- taining "her rightful place in in- ternational councils." The Premier spoke at a recep- tion at the Chinese Embassy. Among other ranking Kremlin leaders attending were Communist Party Secretary N. S. Khrushchev, Defense Minister Nikolai Bulganin and Deputy Premiers Lazar Ka- ganovich and A. I. Mikoyan. The emergence of the Communist People's Republic in China, said Malenkov, has opened a new Russia aad friendly" Asia, making it a bastion ;estures, there was pressure Vashington to level off the Amer-' can military burden because of lecreased danger. This pressure coincided with U. budget-balancing attempts and. ax cut demands and apparently xoduced at least high level think- ng that American forces in Eu- rope eventually could be cut back. Now the conviction of American officials in Berlin is that Russia's decision to hold on in Germany and Austria makes it essential for the United States to maintain a high level of forces here indefin- of any Superior- ity atomic fire power may give the Americans. Meet Again Wednesday The morning secret talks ended after two hours with only the brief announcement that another so-call- ed "restricted" session would be held Wednesday. Neither side was optimistic that a decision would be taken at this (Continued on Page 9, Column 1) BIG 4 Frenchmen Set Diving Beil Record PARIS (fl! Two French naval officers rode a diving bell feet below the surface of the At- lantic Ocean off Dakar on the .west coast of Africa today, deeper than mac has ever gone before. The plunge, 2V4 miles into the Soviet newspaper editorials, com- menting on tiie pact between the two .major Communist nations, stressed the "great aid" Russia has given China and described their friendship link as "unbreak able." Death in Gas Chamber Awaits Torture Slayer HOLBROOK, Ariz. HV-Death in Cheese, Dried Skim Milk Rates To Be Reduced May Lead to 8-Cent Slash In Retail Price WASHINGTON of Agriculture Benson announced to- day the government support price for butter, now about 68 cents pound, will be reduced about 8 cents effective April 1. He said corresponding reduc- tions will be made at the same time in support' prices for cheese and dried skim milk. At a news conference, Benson announced dairy price for the marketing year beginning April 1 will be set at 75 per cent of parity. This is the minimum evel permitted by law. The, pres- ent support rate is 90 per cent of parity. Standard Measurement Parity is a standard for mea- suring farm prices, declared by aw to be fair to farmers in rela- ion to prices they pay. The 8-cent cut in support pricei or Tjutter should, in the normal course of trading, lead to a drof> if about the same amount in the retail price of butter. The government has accumul- ated more than 350 million d61- ars worth of surplus butter, cheese and dried milk under price ;upport operations. Some dairymen have been urg- ng lower supports on the theory hat this would bring about in- creased use of their products. On the other hand, there hai >een strong opposition from oth- ers. The National Milk Producer! 'ederation estimated recently low- r supports such as Benson con- emplates wquld reduce the annual income of the dairy farmers by t least one billion dollars. Asked for comment on that, enson said he did not know what the effect on dairy income would e, but he said he believed his ew program would result in great- f increased consumption of dairy roducts, especially milk, with a esulting improved long term dairy market. The secretary said that in re- convicted torture slayer Carl J. Folk, 56. It took a Superior Court jury only one ballot to find Folk guilty of first degree murder in the. brutal death of Mrs. Betty Faye Allen, 22, Wattsburg, Pa. On the second ballot the death penalty was decreed. The trial lasted five days. Folk, a former New Mexico carnival owner, denied the testi- mony of state's witnesses that he followed a trailer belonging to Ray- mond B. Allen across New Mexico last Dec. 1, entered it at a point 14 miles east of here that night and committed a night-long orgy climaxed with Mrs. Allen's death. en into account a provision of the law which requires him to set the support level at a figure he "de- termines necessary in order to as- sure an adequate supply." Explains It is apparent, he s.-.id, that pres- ent supports are assuring an over supply of some dairy products, particularly butter, cheese and dried milk. The decision to reduce the sup- ports was made, he said, after lengthy discussions with farm leaders, dairy organizations, con- gressional leaders and others as well as with President Eisenhow- er. ocean's blackness, passed the mother. depth record set last Sept. 30 by i Folk admitted, "Something came Prof. Auguste Piccard and his son, over me" when he saw the parked Jacques, who dived in a bafhys-1 trailer. But he claimed he wantec phere to feet in the Tyrren- hian Sea off the island of Ponza, Italy. only the couple's pickup truck anc never hurt them except by tying their hands and feet. Lawrence H. Smith, left, Atlantic City, N. police radio technician, displays his latest innovation for speeding up police five-ounce bat radio which fits snugly and without bulge into a patrolman's hat. At the right resort police Sergeant Albert C. Wilson wears one of the new radio hats with the wire antenna rising from the emblem. Sgt: Wilson inaugur- ated use of the new gadget in Atlantic City when he started walk- ing his beat today. (AP Wirephoto) t i sions. "I. suppose there would be pol- itical repercussions no matter what one did about dairy he replied. The specific support prices for butter, cheese and dried, milk will be determined and announced lat- er in the week, the secretary said. Question of Still to be solved, the secretary said, is a question of what disposi- tion the government is to make of current dairy surpluses. He said a decision of some kind is expect- ed in the near future. Benson went on to say the gov- ernment is exploring plans for moving some of the butter into retail markets. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and colder tonight and Tues- day. Low tonight 28, high Tuesday 30. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 zn. Sunday: Maximum, SO; minimum, 28j noon, 49; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 59; minimum, 37; noon, 48; preciptation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Max. temp. 54 at p.m. Sun- day, low 41 at a.m. today. Noon readings temp. 46, scat- tered layer of clouds at feet and an overcast at feet, wind from the north northwest at 7 miles an bour, barometer 29.81 and rising, humidity 66 per cent.