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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 15, 1950, Winona, Minnesota COLDER TONIGHT, THURSDAY FAIR VOLUME 49, NO. 306 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY NEW CATHEDRAL TO BE BUILT IN WINONA New Soviet-China Pact Aimed at U. S. By John M. Hijhtower authorities said today Soviet Russia find Red China apparently had designed their new treaty of affiance in part as a weapon for cutting the ground from under American policy toward China. That was the initial interpretation placed on the annex to the pact, announced last night. Under this, Russia promises to hand over to Communist China within two years the South Manchurian railway, which the Soviets now operate, and the port Of Dairen. Moscow also says it eventually will withdraw Soviet troops from the "jointly used naval base" of Port Arthur. American policy, as stated by Secretary of State Acheson Janu- ary 12, Is based on the hope of a conflict of interest between Rus- sia and China in North China and particularly in Manchuria. If Russia actually returns the railways, Dairen and Port Arthur the effect would be to minimize this conflict. Meanwhile, State department of- ficials are certain that both Mos- cow and the Chinese Red regime make propaganda capital o: the fact that Russia has entered into a treaty to relinquish the spe- cial rights the United States has assailed as a form of old fash- ioned Imperialism In China. Officials said the treaty as an- nounced will require considerable study before its full significance for the future course of the cold war can be adequately understood. Russ, China Sign Alliance Treaties Moscow The Soviet Union and China last night signed sweep- ing treaties which ally the world's two largest Communist countries in peace or possible war for the next 30 years. The treaties, signed In the Krem- lin after nearly two months of tensive negotiations, were said to be aimed at developing and strengthening the economic and cultural ties of the two nations, and preventing the rebirth of Jap- anese aggression. Russia agreed to lend Commu- nist China over the next five years and give up rail- road and navigation rights In Man- cHurla by 1952. Loan Considered Small (First reaction in Japan that the Russian loan was surpris- ingly small. The announced total of is only a fraction of the amount China needs to buy ma- chinery and goods to industrialize the sprawling, war-shattered na- tion.) Negotiations had been carried on by Prime Minister Joseph Stalin and Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky for the Soviet and Chinese Communist Mao Tze-tung and Premier and Foreign Minister Chou En-lal for China. Vishinsky and Chou signed the documents. A treaty of friendship, alliance and mutual aid calls for the fullest assistance by either party is the other Is attacked by Japan "or any other state which directly or In- directly would unite In any form with Japan in acts of aggression." The treaties bring to an end the 1945 Russo-Chlnese pact, signed as endmg at 12 m, today: the result of the Yalta agreement, 32; minimum, in which the Soviets were given1 a hand In control of the Manchur- ian naval base at Port Arthur, the port of Dairen and the Changchun railroad through southern Man- churia. Agreement Provisions The new Manchurian agreements are to become effective immedi- ately upon conclusion of a Jap- anese peace treaty or not later than 1952. They provide that: 1. The Soviet Union will trans- fer without compensation all its rights in the joint administration of the Changchun railway, which runs through southern Manchuria and connects with the Soviet port of Vladivostok. 2. Soviet troops will be with- drawn from the jointly operated naval base at Port Arthur. Instal- lations in the district will be turn- ed over to China, and China is to pay the Soviet Union for their res- toration and for building carried out since 1945. 3. Administration in the free port of Dairen is to be transferred from Russian management to Chinese, and nil properties now leased in the area by Russia are to be returned to China. The grant S300.000.000 in credits is for the purchase of Russian- made industrial equipment and other materials. The credits are divided into installments of yearly and are to be re- paid' in ten tnnual payments at one per cent interest, beginning in 1954. Union, Leader Blizzard Maroons 35 in Tavern Scranton, Pa. Thirty- five persons, including an eight- day-old girl, were marooned in a crossroads tavern today after mounting snow drifts forced them to abandon their auto- mobiles. Three snow plows made an unsuccessful attempt last night to battle through six-foot drifts to the Comers tavern 15 miles north of Scranton. High winds, however, kept refilling the road as fast as it could be opened. The 35 were forced to leave their cars last night and walk- to the tavern for shelter. Among them were Mr. and Mrs. Felix Cominsky, of Waymart, Pa., and their eight-day-old daughter, Phyllis. State police said they reached the tavern by telephone and were assured all those maroon- ed were safe and sound. Half-Million in U.S. Purchasing Orders Missing Knozville, F.B.I, and other law enforcement agen- cies are looking every which way for a briefcase containing up to a half-million dollars m negotiable government purchasing orders. The briefcase disappeared yes- terday after it was left in a hotel lobby by its owner, Arthur G. Huey of Minneapolis, re- gional engineer for the U. S. Fish and Wildlife service. Huey said he set the case down In the lobby and stepped Into the hotel's dining room. "When I re- turned It was he said. Two men who left the hotel shortly before the loss was discov- ered are being sought. "It might have been a Huey suggested. He added that the purchasing or- ders amounted to "a blank check signed by Uncle Sam." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Clearing and colder tonight; lowest in the city 18, 14 in the country. Thursday fair, highest in the afternoon 34. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 Hot War Seen In Arctic by Army Planners Military Leaders Seek New Types Of Warm Uniforms By Ruth Cowan Washington U. S. military planners are taking quite serious ly the possibility that if there is a "hot fighting will take place where it is bitterly cold. They are anticipating what can be done in event there are major clashes with Russia in the Arctic regions. This was disclosed in a House military appropriations subcommit- tee report released today. The report makes public in part secret hearings on the Army's re- quest for of the pro- posed defense bud- get for the fiscal year beginning July 1. The Army quartermaster de- partment is seeking for research and development alone. The requests are studded with re- search projects on how to enable the soldier to live and fight in the Arctic. One such study dealt with conditions in western Siberia. Warmth Considered Much attention, is given to howl to keep the soldier warm, the type of food he would need, as well as ways of improving equipment so as to make it more usable in the severe weather that slows down man and machine. For examples, the Army wants to spend in developing light weight, highly resilient and dur- able filling material for padded Arctic clothing. It wants to find a substitute for the warmth of down in sleeping bags. It proposes to continue research improve.-socks, mittens, shoes tor cold wet areas. Colonel Jack Finks of the Army quartermaster general's office told the subcommittee that chemists are trying to develop a way to heat clothing artificially. noon, 22; precipitation, .06 (inch of sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on page 12. Woman, W4, to Share Birthday Cake in Hospital Viroqua, Wls. When you get to be 104 years of age, you don't let a broken hip keep you from observing the occasion. So Mrs. Lucy Grubb plans on her birthday cake today at the hospital where she Is recov- ering from an injury suffered when she fell in her home January 20. J. Edgar Hoover, left, director of the Federal Bureau of Investi- gation, President Truman, center, and Attorney General J. Howard McGrath pose today at a gathering of federal, state and local law enforcement officials in Washington. In a speech to the group, the President called for a great moral crusade against organized crime in the United Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Pike Succeeds Lilienthal Tonight as Head of AEC By Douglas B. Cornell new hydrogen bomb project and a stepped-up atomic bomb program switch from one boss to another tonight. David E Lilienthal ends his service as chairman of the Atomic Energy commission dt midnight and Sumner T. Pike takes over on a temporary basis. Whether Pike might shift from acting to permanent chairman a bit will be up to President Tru- man and the Senate to decide. I There are factors weighing for and Lewis, Coal Operators Begin Talks By Nit-rman Walker Washington John L. Lew- is and soft'coal "operators sat down with government mediators stand- ing by. An explosive air hung over the bargaining with a full-fledged strike still in progress in the coal de- fields. A close-to-home development partment has developed "a meat was the start of an informal coal component for an Arctic ration rationing system in the District today in court-directed peace talks ports that he was going to blast than 20 inches. o.i-i_ Tirana wt __i_.____ j._. Meat Ration Developed He said the quartermaster that the soldiers will eat, and one that has great stability in keeping a long time." Finks also reported that the Army has found it can store cooked bread two years in the Arctic. The quartermaster corps i s icy sidewalk at the rear home in Whiteflsh Bay. of his against it. Expectations that Lilienthal would depart from, the AEC with some sort of personal, small-scale atomic explosion of his own seem- ed to be disappearing with Lil- ienthal's help. Reports had been getting around that he didn't think much of going ahead on a hydrogen bomb and was having his differences the administration. with yesterday after, a call on. President Truman, Lilienthal said thsse re- Deaths of 16 Laid to Snow, Ice Storms Thousands Homeless From Floods in Southern States By The Associated Press Floods and storms dealt destruc- tive blows across wide areas of the South, Midwest and East to- day. The mid-February snow and ice storms were blamed for at least 16 deaths. Property damage mount- ed into millions of dollars. Thousands were made homeless as rising rivers spilled into land homes in Louisiana and Mis- souri. Other thousands were threatened with evacuation in Il- linois, Indiana, 'Ohio and Tennes- see us new floods menaced the area which fought floodwaters only a few weeks ago. Many rivers, fed with heavy rainfall for the last sev- eral days, surged to flood stage, toward the! high month's damaging some inching marks in last overflows. The U. S. Weather bureau said the sleet and snow storm which swept across the Middle West and eastern states was diminishing. It lieft a blanket of snow throughout the northern states and an abund- ant rainfall from the gulf to the North Atlantic states. 20 Inches of Snow It also left a heavy toll in pro- perty damage and ice-coated high ways. Many communities remain-1 ed isolated from outside telephone communication. Trees, telephone and power lines snapped under the Catholics Announce Plan, Rectory Included Seminary Dormitory Scheduled At St. Mary's; Work Starts in Spring A million-dollar building program in Winona for the Winona Catholic diocese, including the construction of a new cathedral and rectory, was announced today by His Excellency, the Most Rev. Edward A. Fitzgerald, D.D., L.L.D., bishop of Winona. Included hi the program will be a residence hall for Immaculate Heart of Mary Seminary on the campus of St. Mary's college. Estimated cost of the new cathe- dral, to be erected at Wabasha and Main streets, facing Main street, Is in excess of and of the seminary dormitory more than Bishop Fitzgerald said he expects building operations will begin thU spring and summer. Announcement of the new cathe- dral Is important news for Winona. It means that this city will continue to be the seat of the diocese which it has been since the diocese was established in 1889. Property Purchased Three pieces of property on Main street, site of the new edifice, have been purchased by the diocese and will be razed to make way for the new structure. They Include the Dr. G. J. Tweedy residence, 352 Main street, one of the city's oldest homes, the William Fend residence, 358 Main street, and the H. G. McConnon residence, 368 Main street, which. Is the former John Dietze home. Adjoining the site of the new The Most Rev. E. A. Fitzgerald But when he left the White House weight of the heavy snow and sleet.. The snow carpet over some Midwest areas measured more of Columbia. An estimated members of Lewis' United Mine Workers union stayed idle in the face of a fed- eral court's back-to-work order. The men even disregarded a message from Lewis telling the now working to see just how light miners he had no choice, because it can make a stove that will help of the court order, but to instruct the soldier heat his rations, warm himself and dry his clothes. The old standard stove weighed two pounds 13 ounces. The corps now has one that tips the scale at one pound. fall While Shoveling Sidewalk Kills Man Milwaukee Andrew By- strom, 84, died Monday of a skull fracture suffered in a fall on an them to end their walkout. Government officials watched the bargaining sessions closely. If the talks fail and the strike con- tinues much longer, the Justice department may go into court with contempt proceedings against the union. Cyrus S. Ching, federal media- tion service director, and David L. Cole, chairman of Presiden Truman's fact-finding board in the dispute were ready to step in to encourage the bargainers if they become deadlocked. Their Job also was to keep the White House in- formed on developments. this that or the other were "sheer bunk." Truman Planning Fight in Ohio, Pennsylvania Washington Tru- Highway travel was sharply _____ curtailed and some air nights were man was quoted today as saying he While he left the way open for canceled. Icy and slushy milke -an aggressive fight" in ;aking issue on details, he said he made walking hazardous. Hun- Pennsylvania and Ohio this year vants to talk and lecture in sup- dreds suffered minor hurts In falls. to eiect Democratic nominees to port of Mr. Truman's basic atomic] Today, light snow fell in_tbe Up- policy. He said he wanted to be helpful to a man carrying one o: the greatest responsibilities of any president. Lilienthal is turning over to Pike the reins of a program that has cost billions, produced the terrific forces by man, and ever now manufactured is aiming a M. J. second from left, hands State Treasurer Schmahl, right, a check covering pay- ment for all the Arkansas highway bonds held by Minnesota, as Auditor Stafford King, left, and At- torney Genera! Bumquist look on. The payment at St. Paul marked the end of a dispute between members of the state investment board and Gov- ernor Youngdabl The check totaled giving the state a profit of on the trans- action, Schmahl said. King observed that "the Arkansas bonds were a good deal when we bought them and a good deal when WE sold them." "We made a neat profit for the state of he said. "You can't laugh off more than a quarter of a million dollars profit." King brushed aside questions about whether the Arkansas bond con- troversy figures in his political plans. He declined to say whether he intends to contest again, this year with Youngdabl for the Republican guber- natorial nomination and make the Arkansas bond dispute a main issue in his campaign. The 82- year-old Schmahl, however, declared that if he were 20 years younger he would "make the race" against the governor "on the Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) copying in the hydrogen bomb the energy releasing processes of the sun itself. The AEC also is bending efforts in the direction of harnessing atomic energy for peaceful pur- poses, in such fields as power pro- duction and medicine. Truman Asks Moral Crusade Against Crime Washington President Tru- man today called for a great moral crusade against organized crime in the United States. Mr. Truman said that World War H had been followed by "a resurgence of underworld forces, living on vice and greed." He told a gathering of federal, state and local law enforcement of- ficials that there should be com- plete co-operation among them to combat this. "We must encourage education, religious instruction and home training in the family and in the guidance of our he said In his speech to the group at the Justice department. He added: "The fundamental basis of law given to Moses on the Mount. The fundamental basis of our bill of rights is found in Exodus, St. Matthew, Isaiah, and St. Paul. "Without moral backing, we will wind up with a totalitarian form of government." 8KilledAsB-29 Crashes at Air Base in Montana Great Fans, Mont. Eight men were killed and seven escap- ed when an Air Force B-29 bomb- er crashed shortly after taking off Tom the Air Force base here about a. m., E.S.T.) today. Son Wins Seat In Congress Father Held Haverhill, Mass. Lieuten- ant Commander William H. Bates has won his father's old congres- sional seat after a strange cam- ,paign that saw him sitting on the ling water supplies in reservoirs, by naval regu- East central Louisiana, with jati0ns against engaging in pol- per and Middle Mississippi valley, Michigan and over New England. Rain fell along the Atlantic coast from South Carolina northward. There were no severe cold spots. The snow and ice storm which whipped across the Midwest into Pennsylvania, New York and southern New England was the worst in several years in many sections. The storm in southern New England piled snow as high as ten inches. The snow turned to sleet last night and rain was fore- cast today. The heaviest falls were in western Massachusetts. 11 Dead In New York New York counted 11 persons dead in accidents attributed to the storm. Four deaths were report- ed in Pennsylvania and one in Il- linois. More than a foot of snow fell in upstate New York. Wet sleet turning to slush hit New York ci- ty last night and rain was fore- cast during the day. The storm was credited with making the big- gest contribution yet to the dwind- cathedral, rectory and parish of- fices on the east is the present St. Thomas Pro-Cattiedral and rectory. The city council has been present- ed with, a petition asking permis- sion to vacate the alley south of Wabasha street between Main and Center streets. Will Accommodate The cathedral will be built to ac- commodate 1.000 persons and will include a full basement which can be used as a parish hall with large auditorium and meeting rooms for smaller groups. Since 1889, St. Thomas church has been used as a but Congress. Edward Lamb, Toledo, Ohio, law- yer and publisher of the Erie, Penn- sylvania Dispatch, told reporters after seeing the President: "The President said he would wage as aggressive a fight to electjthe new cathedral will be given a a Demicratic Congress this fall as he did to get himself elected In :948." thousands fleeing their lowland homes, braced for what may be :he worst flood threat since 1927. More than families were eva- cuated by floodwaters of second- ary rivers. The floods, caused by seepage and backing up, engulfed more than acres of lowlands over a rough triangle from Natchez, Miss., to Alexandria, La., to a point near Baton Rouge. The lands are mostly those which are expect- ed to go under water at high river stages. The levee system was intact and above water on the Mississippi at Baton Rouge. But Army engineers said the big stream is bank full from Cairo, HI., to the gulf and more rains may produce a flood comparable to the disastrous 1927 overflow. Ohio Near Crest At Cairo, where the rising Ohio joins the Mississippi, the city's 15 major industries started closing to save scarce fuel for pumping op- erations. The Ohio surged to 55.6 :eet. It was expected to crest to- morrow at 56.5 feet, 3.5 feet short of the lowest flood wall protecting ie southern Illinois community of Army engineers said they would not flood the new Madrid flood- way, downstream near Charleston, Mo., unless the Ohio hits 57 feet at Cairo and threatens a greater rise. Some persons prepared leave the floodway as officials described flood conditions more se- rious than last month. The flood- way is designed to take river pres- sure off upstream levees. Flood conditions also were de- scribed as serious along the St. Francis river In southeast Mis- souri. Many families were eva- cuated. Coast guardsmen and my engineers returned to the area and levees were ordered pa- trolled and guarded. I itics. But Republicans quickly hailed his sweeping victory as an indica- tion the G.O.P. had found a winning formula "new faces and a 1950 outlook." The Democrats had no immediate comment. The 32-year-old naval officer was drafted by G.O.P. leaders to run after his father, U. S. Repre- sentative George J. Bates, was kill- new name. The cathedral and rectory will be about 160 feet wide. Architects are now submitting suggestions for the plans and committee will soon select the architect so that plans and specifications can be prepared and building operations begun this summer, said Bishop Fitzgerald. Construction is expected to re- quire about a year. Under the plan, the present St. Thomas church and rectory 'will be razed. 20 Counties in Diocese, The Winona diocese consists of 20 counties which make up the low- er two tiers of counties across the southern boundary of the state ex- tending from the Wisconsin state line to the South Dakota state line. Recognizing the need for a new cathedral, Bishop Fitzgerald, who assumed his new duties early in January, pushed the project to com- pletion and his announcement minates plans covering several years for such a structure. More than half a million dollars was raised throughout the diocese, much of It in Winona. The bishop plans to move into his new residence at 255 Harriet street in the near future when remodeling operations have been completed. The former residence of the Most Rev. ed in an airliner crash over Blnz_ whom Bishop Fitzgerald ington four months ago. He piled up votes yester- day against only for Richard M. Russell, 58, veteran Democrat- ic campaigner. 2 Killed'6 Hurt In Indiana Blast Portland, explosion in a restaurant here today caused the death of two persons and sent six others to a hospital. Six other persons received first aid treatment for slight injuries. The explosion occurred as the restaurant, the Home Cafe, was preparing to reopen after being flooded yesterday in a flash flood from the Salamonie river after a heavy rain storm. Only the front and rear walls of the two-story brick building were left intact. The dead were Walter Muye, 40, of Richmond, Ind., a bakery truck driver who was in the restaurant taking orders for his products, and Guy Dollins, a Portland city fire- ngn, Muye .was crushed to death in the debris. Dollins suffered a heart! attack while engaged In rescue work and died in a hospital. succeeded, will be used as diocesan offices. It is located at 275 Harriet street, adjacent to the bishop's resi- dence. Site of Residence Hall The proposed residence for Im- maculate Heart of Mary Seminary will be built on land to be purchased from St. Mary's college and will harmonize in design with the al- ready existing buildings. It will be located on property southwest of the present college buildings and will front on highway The dormitory wlil be 154 feet long and 56 feet wide. It will be three floors above a full basement and will contain rooms for students who are studying for the priesthood for the diocese of Winona, and priest faculty members. Included will be a chapel 60 feet by 30 feet joined to the building on the east side. The John Flad Associates of Mad- ison, Wis., are preparing plans and specifications which should be com-' pleted in time for construction work, to begin early In April, said Bishop Fitzgerald. He hopes the building will be ready for occupancy in Sep- tember. Counties making up diocese are Plpestone, Rock, Murray, Cobles, Cottonwood, Jackson, Wa- xmwan, Martin, Blue Earth, Fari- jault, Waseca, Freebom, Steele. Dodge, Mower, Olmsted, Ffflmore, Houston and Wabasha. ;