Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 11, 1949, Winona, Minnesota
CITY PRIMARY ELECTION MONDAY, FEB. 14 VOLUME 48, NO. 303 IT'S YOUR RIGHT AND YOUR DUTY TO VOTE WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 11, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES State Lobby Registrations Asked Red-Ruled Bulgaria to Try 15 Clergymen 15 Protestants Face Treason, Spying Charges Church Percesution Viewed As Plan Of Communists By Dirolter Mlshev Sofla, governed Bulgaria is going to put 15 Protestant ministers and officials on trial soon on charges of treason, violating currency laws and spying for Britain and the United States. Deputy Foreign Minister Vladimir Topencharov said the churchmen already confessed" to the j spy charges. The government announced the names of those arrested for the first time last night, disclosed the indictments and named 12 Ameri- can and British churchmen, educa- tors and officials who it said acted as "contacts" in the spying activi- ties. As early as January 6 Dimiter IU3V, director of cults, had dis- closed that "some" Protestant clergymen were under arrest. Leaders In Bulgaria (In New York an official of the Northern Baptist convention. Presi- dent Truman's denomination, said the charges were a "terrible thing" and bracketed them with the treason trial of Josef Cardinal Mindszenty, Roman Catholic primate of Hun- gary, as part of a communist "per- secution of all Catholic or Jews." (The last church census In 1934 listed Protestants in Bulgaria, compared to members in the Greek orthodox church, the national faith.) The 15 indicted are leaders of the United Evangelical church. Re- presented In the church are the Methodist, Baptist, Pentacost and Congregational faiths. Vassil Ziapkov, head of the Con- gregational church in Bulgaria and religious representative of the United Evangelical church, was (Continued on Page 9, Column 6.) BULGARIA The Alsops Britain May Be on Own Feet by '52 By Joseph AIsop London If good news were generally regarded as headline- worthy, what has been happening in Britain would long ago have made the headlines in American newspapers. There is only one way to describe it. In the past year, the British people have accomplished a miracle. In November, 1947, when this correspondent was last in London, the economic outlook was as dark as the military outlook in July, 1940. The nation was suffering from a massive finan- cial hemorrhage i which threatened the collapse of Its currency. Exports and imports ap- peared to be hopelessly unbalanced. Recovery of coal and other pro- duction was gravely slow. And the prospect of immediate American aid stood between the British ecomony, once the balance wheel of the world economy, and final, total disaster. Now the traveler observes that things are better in the very hour of arriving in London. This spraw- ling, imperial city is one which de- pends heavily on smartness for its effect. And now fresh paint, the polished brass, the whitened steps and even the neat bay trees In tubs that made the old London are at least beginning to reappear. THE BRITISH PEOPLE are still accepting without grumbling a de- gree of austerity that would bring on a revolution in. most countries barring starches and fresh vege- tables, an Englishman's weekly ra- tion would not make two reasonably hearty meals. But the shops are none the less full now. The restau- rant food tastes less like a series of depressing variations on a central theme of mucilage. And although home cookery is hardly a British forte, British housewives have man- aged to do much with the slight Increase in variety and quantity of food allowed them. Outwardly, in short, British life seems to have returned almost to normal except (Continued on Page 11, Column 1.) ALSOPS I Plan to Develop Africa Unveiled British Seek Skilled U. S. Help As Well As American Dollars Actress LUa Leeds, left, in a sack-like faded blue denim dress and baggy sweater, makes up cot In her cell as she begins a 60-day jail sentence for conspiracy to possess marijuana. She complained that "screaming characters" brought in during the night made sleep difficult. Robert Mitchum, right, movie star, began his sentence on the business end of a mop at Los Angeles, Calif. He reported he slept fairly well during his first night behind the bars except for some noise made by a few bumptious fellow prisoners. (AP. Wlrephoto.) U. S. Crop Report Mostly Favorable Washington The Agricul- ture department said yesterday crop production conditions were mostly favorable in January, but varied widely in different parts of the country. Winter wheat and other fall-sown grains were said to be mostly in satisfactory condition. Timely Janu- ary precipitation in Oklahoma and, But Refl Crosg Texas relieved a critically dry sit- other flgencies planned no letup In uation and greatly improved wheat the fighj to save the lives of humans prospects In those important states, and livestock. The Red Cross at The department said severe coldlRawllns had planes ready to make and blizzards in much of the West j low level flights to drop rations to caused livestock losses in excess of (isolated ranch families. At least normal. But the effects of the snowjio families are believed in distress Snowslides, Cold Hinder Western Aid By The Associated Press A new cold wave moved into sections of the snowbound west- ern states today and snowslides and minor floods menaced areas in the Pacific Northwest. Strong winds continued to swirl the mountainous snow In the western plains, hampering the reopening of highways and clearing of rail lines. An Army troop train remained stalled at Rawlings, Wyo. Hungarian Envoy Ordered Out of U.S. cover, and the Improvement in soil moisture and irrigation water sup- plies in virtually all areas, were said to be greatly beneficial. Cardinal Stritch Flays Police States in the area. The mining town of Burke, Idaho, was reported isolated by a 300-foot wide snow avalanche which buried roads, rail and communication lines. No homes were in the path of the slide, which was estimated 150 feet deep In some places. Early, it was not determined if any travelers were slide. in western and Idaho Mindszenty In Hungary shows "that I the police states are the enemies of man." closed several hlgh- In his first public statement since the Hungarian primate was sen- tenced to life imprisonment, Car- dinal Stritch said: "The imprisonment of Cardinal Mindszenty is something more than a shock to honest men. "This shocking court sentence tells us what we may expect wher- ever the police state, with the ter- rorism and violation of man's basic rights, seizes control." construction camp at Anderson ranch dam where slides have cut telephone communications and blocked roads. Slides In some areas burled several homes, but no one was injured. Wyoming remained one of the most critical states In the western blizzard -area. Colder weather was A multi-mil- lion dollar British-American plan for development of "darkest Afri- ca" was unveiled today by Marshall plan officials. Getting the program started would cost about most of it supplied by the Economic Co- operation administration. The Idea is to tap fresh sources of scarce minerals and Improve transporta- tion In Britain's square miles of African colonies. Details of the proposal, mapped out during extensive conferences with British officials in London, were laid before Congress by Thom- as K. Finletter, chief of ECA's mis- sion to the United Kingdom. House and Senate foreign com- mittees are now considering an ad- ministration bill to finance the Eu- ropean recovery program for the next 15 months. The project could not get under way until that is ap- proved. Skilled American manpower, as well as U. S. dollars, would be used to help unlock huge deposits of na- tural resources in the African col- onies, Finletter told Congress in a report covering the' proposed ex- penditure of Marshall plan funds by the British. More than technicians Accepted In Payment for Love, Woman Says Charges of Fraud Denied in Mason City Case Mason City, Iowa Mrs. William Stanley, 36, defendant In a federal fraud case, testified she accepted from each of two fanners because they made love to 50 mostly geologists, geodetic engineers and similar ex- perts have -been requested by Britain to work on the project dur- ing its early stages. Two specific her. Mrs. Stanley and her husband testified at a night session in the trial which was expected to reach the jury today. The Stanleys, parents of five chil- dren, are charged with transporting across a state line they al- legedly obtained by fraud from Curtlss Larson, 25-year-old Kasson, Minn., farmer. Five alleged victims of Mrs. Stan- ley's have testified she bilked them of a total of during inter- ludes of high pressure friendship. How Pair Worked The government seeks to show the couple worked together to per- petrate a series of frauds In several Midwestern states. Stanley, accord- ing to the prosecution, would gain entrance to farm homes of imposing appearance as a stove repairman Then he would put his beauteous wife on the trail when he found a likely target. Bachelors were target highly-trained! No. 1. Larson and four others have testi- fied Mrs. Stanley took them for sizeable sums after winning either their affections or their interest Most of them said she talked them are Usted for Iinmediate at: into to pay off a mortgage tt "Hrpca cnnrr' flnn tnpri tention. One Is the exploration and map- ping of more than square on a "dress shop" and then peared. The other four and the sums they miles of uncharted jungle and claim Mrs. Stanley put. the bee on mountain area in central and for are: George Calvert, 38, Africa. This rugged section is j Sheridan, Ind., farmeif and con- known to contain deposits of stra-jtractor, Alfred Rogness, 40 tegically-important chrome, manga-i Sioux Falls, S. D., landowner and nese, tin ore, cobat, coal, copper, truck line operator, Adam cetroleum gold diamonds and Homan, 40, Maria Stem, Ohio, farmer, and Daid Bryans, 38, The other undertaking would be'Seaton, HI., farmer, aimed at completing the railroad Intimacies Denied between Cairo, in northeastern Af- rica and Capetown at the conti- Mrs. Stanley testified she was in- timate with Larson and Homan and Washington The United States today retaliated against Hungary fpr expulsion of two American officials from Budapest by ordering a top Hungarian diplomat out of this country. The diplomat ordered to leave "as soon as pos- sible" is John G. Florian, first sec- retary of the legation here. The State department notified rain on the continent. minister Andrew Sik yesterday that health welfare agencies to fight Florian is no loner forecast. Strong winds continued for tat blowing piles of snow and hampering' relief operations. Florian is no longer "persona or acceptable as a repre- sentative of his government. The notification gave no reason for the demand that Florian leave. State Department Press Officer Michael J. McDermott told report- ers it was "pure coincidence" that Florian's expulsion followed the ejection of the -American officials from Budapest in the last two weeks. Diplomats, however, accepted the move as being, at least in effect, tit nent's southernmost tip. includ- that the feeling grew on her that ing a link In the ter- "they owed me the money." Both men have denied any such Intimacies and Homan even testi- fied that his biggest problem was to get rid of the woman when she came to visit him. In defense of her dark-haired husband, Mrs. Stanley testified he did not know how she obtained the _______________ r___________ money. She said he was unaware ruary National Heart week. I of her affairs. He asked for "fullest co-operation! The five Stanley children had of people, science, government and I been in the courtroom during the trial but they were not there when Wisconsin Proclaims National Heart Week Madison, Wls. Governor Rennebohm today proclaimed Feb- Workers Thumb Rides In Philadelphia Strike by a aboard. Workers waited for the strike of transit workers, Philadel-j the next and the next phia's bus, subway and trolley riders I trains. scrambled into the city today on! Many plants dispatched trucks to foot, by thumb-flagging of people to their jobs. Some cars and by fighting their way j workers found seats on benches in aboard packed suburban railway (the trucks. But most of the men trams. The massive operations of the Philadelphia Transportation' Com- pany ground to a halt at one min- ute past midnight, throwing workers In the nation's third largest city on their own resources. The strike of members of the CJ.O.'s transport workers union was in support of a demand for a fourth-round wage increase. The work stoppage was orderly and PTC officials said the company will make no attempt to operate over its miles of lines. Many workers were late. Some were hampered by a four-inch snow- fall that piled Into drifts in subur- ban areas, and never got to their jobs. Much of the load shifted to sub- urban trains of the Pennsylvania and Reading railroads. and women Just hung on any way they could. Third Strike in Six Tears Radio broadcasts were punctuated by announcements, every few min- utes, about developments in the transit tteup here in six years. Announcers detailed In- structions for plant workers as to where they could reach their trucks. Taxicabs were in heavy demand. It was almost Impossible to find a vacant one. Strike pickets took up their sta- tions major terminals. A by company officials and representatives of the union after the strike got under way: up in the early morning hours, but a further meeting was scheduled today. No progress was reported by eith- union or management, with ne- Some trains were too jammed tojgotiations deadlocked over a 17- take on all those clamoring to get'cent spread. Remington Back On New Job Washington William W. Remington received a new assign- ment today when he returned to work at the Commerce department after being cleared of disloyalty charges. The new job, Remington's boss said, does "not involve the dramatic issue of national security." The salary will be the same, a year. Remington, 31-year-old econo- mist, was suspended last June after his name was brought into con- gressional spy hearings. At that time, he was director of the de- partment's export program which included decisions on what could be shipped to Russia and other countries in the Soviet sphere. Francis E. Mclntyre, assistant director "of the department's office of international trade and Reming- ton's immediate superior, said Rem- ington's new assignment will deal with general imports into this coun- try. The department's announcement yesterday that Remington would be returned to work, if he wanted it, came after the government's top loyalty review board disclosed it had reversed findings of a regional panel that Remington should be ousted from his job because of "a reason- jable suspicion of disloyalty." disease." their mother testified. Marion Hanson, 23, Winona-Houston Centennial Queen, is shown as she sat on 'a pillar of the Ice Palace at St. Paul today as the St. Paul Winter .Carnival got under way.. She will compete with queens from other Minnesota districts when the state's Centennial Queen will be'picked Sunday. Additional photos and story on Page 3. Wlrephoto Republican-Herald.) Mother, 7 Children Die In N. Y. Fire Clayton, N. T. A. housewife and seven of her eight children were burned to death early today when fire destroyed their home near here. Mrs. Clifford Conant, 29, and the seven children, ranging in age from one to 11, were trap- ped in a one-story frame dwel- ling, two miles south of this St. Lawrence river village. The husband, Clifford, 39, and a daughter, Susan, 13, escaped, Susan was awakened by smoke. She roused her father. They fled from the house. Con- ant later tried to get back in to rescue the other members of the family but was repulsed by flames and smoke. Conant suffered cuts of the hands when he smashed a win- dow while trying to re-enter the house. Firemen said they believed a defective oil heater caused the fire. Capitol Chilly To New Truman Tax Hike Plea By Francis M. Le May Tru- man's new call for a tax boost got another chilly re- ception on Capitol hill today. Chairman Doughton (D.-N. C.) told reporters the next big subject before the House ways and means committee, will be Mr. Truman's proposal for a vast expansion of the social security program. This pro- bably would delay any tax debate until May. Senator George chair- man of the Senate finance com- mittee, said Mr. Truman's new tax statement "hasn't changed my views at all." The Georgian took a stand Wed- nesday against any new tax bill until next January. Senator Byrd (D.-Va.) said he agrees with George. The opposition of these two Demo- Republicans join them, as block any tax leg- islation in the finance committee. Mr. Truman told his news con- ference yesterday he is Just as strong for the increase as ever, adding that it Is desirable to avoid a treasury deficit. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Mostly cloudy tonight with snow flurries and strong shifting winds. Occa- sional snow flurries and much colder Saturday, strong northerly winds diminishing. Low tonight 15; high Saturday 22. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 35; minimum, 4; noon, 35; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota, tures will average 2-5 degrees below normal. Normal TTmylTrmm 21 north to 36 south. Normal minimum zero north to 17 south. Colder Saturday rising trend by Sunday night. Tum- ng colder again late Monday and Tuesday. Rising temperatures Wed- nesday. Precipitation will average one to two Inches as snow flurries northeast, portion Saturday and Ight snow over most of area Sun- day or Monday and again late Tuesday. ____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. Bemidjl.......... 3 4 Chicago ...........27 14 Denver ...........54 29 Des Moines 18 12 Duluth 15 3 International Falls Kansas City ......40 31 Los Angeles .......72 36 Miami 84 58 Mpls.-St. Paul 13 5 New Orleans ......70 46 New York ........35 29 Seattle ...........45 31 Stiff Penalties Provided for InZwachBill Governor Urged To Withdraw Plea For New Rail Tax St. Paul A bill aimed at what he called the "greatest can- cer in our legislative and democra- tic cover lobbying, "was introduced today by Senator John M. Zwach of Milroy. The proposal would go consid- erably further than a similar bill offered earlier by Senator Homer Carr of Proctor. The Carr bill re- quires registration ol lobbyists and the organizations they represent. The Zwach proposal also would re- quire members of the legislature to say whether they are retained by or are connected with companies or organizations having an Interest In legislation. "The more light that can be shed on all legislative activities the bet- said Senator Zwach. "I recog- nize that lobbying is a necessary of our legislative activity, but it can be an evil when it is not out in the open." Stiff Penaltteg Provided The bill would penalize failure to observe its requirements by a fine of to or 30 days to 90 days in jail. Violators also would be haired from lobbying for three years. The measure is patterned after Michigan and Wisconsin acts. A demand that Governor Lu- ther Youngdahl withdraw his rec- omendatlon to the legislature for an Increase in gross earnings taxes on railroads at least until on competitive carriers have been equalized was made today by top-ranking railroad union official. The governor also was asked to look into matters of Increasing taxes on trucks, buses, pipelines, barges and aircraft. Adolph Karlsson, chairman of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Eingineers and secretary of the railroad brotherhoods board, in a letter to Governor Youngdahl expressed disappoint- ment he made no recommendations for boosting taxes on competing transportation agencies. Before suggesting withdrawal of the governor's recommendation, Karlsson cited data from state de- partments to back his claim that the tax burden is not being shared fairly by agencies In competition with railroads. Shipments Cited In 1948, Karlsson said there was shipped Into Minnesota more than one and one-quarter billion gallons of petroleum products. He said that the railroads handled less than one- fifth of this and paid gross earn- ings tax on revenues from It. Then, citing that pipelines hand- led almost three-fifths and tiauled more than one fifth, Karl-' sson wrote: "Quite recently, the price of gaso- line was increased two-tenths of one cent per gallon en the excuse that railroad freight rates had gone up even though the railroads hand- led less than one-fifth of the ton- nage." Turning to the trucking Industry, Karlsson quoted from statements of motor truck association officials ad- mitting there was "a growing use of trucks to handle grain from Da- kota elevators to the Twin Cities and that petroleum shipments had Increased 50 per cent." The governor also was asked why airline companies "shouldn't help take care of our mentally ill, our schools and the Minneapolis Needs Help Karlsson also wrote: "The city of Minneapolis is crying for help so that it can keep its schools and library they have 000 on hand to spend for an upper harbor so that the barges can go upstream another three miles." The official said he had been In- formed that the sub-committee of taxation of the legislative research council "had not made the study of the tax problem as they had been directed to make through resolution No. 9" passed by the ISfi legislature. Judd Blames Mindszenty Fate On Yalta Talks New Representative Walter H. Judd (R.-MInn.) says he believes that the plight of China and the fate of Josef Cardinal Mind- szenty resulted from American commitments to Soviet Russia at Yalta. Part of those commitments, Judd told a meeting of the Manufacturers Association of New Haven county here Wednesday night, "have legal- to the red regime in Hungary. In others, he said, "We sold China down the river" after a hundred years of friendship. Judd, who was a medical mission- ary in China before turning to pol- tics, said the situation in that country is "perilous, but not neces- sarily hopeless" if American aid can' bolster it against communism.