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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 10, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Much Colder Tonight; Thursday Fair, Colder Watch for Dennis the Menace Contest Details NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 68 SIX CErJTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 10, 1954 TWENTY PAGES ouston Kill Crosse Russ Ask Nonaggression Pact for All of Europe Former Minnesota governor, now Federal Judge Luther W. Youngdahl, right, chatted with Dr. Ralph Rossen at the Gover- nors' Mental Health Conference in Detroit Tuesday night, Rossen served as Minnesota's first mental health commissioner. Both men spearheaded this state's expanded mental health program that has served as a pattern followed by other states. (AP Wire- photo) Treaty Would Annul North Atlantic Alliance By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER BERLIN Russia pro- posed today a non-aggression pact among all the nations of Europe including .both Communist East Germany and the Bonn republic. It would annul the North Atlantic Alliance. Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov laid his plan for "Euro- pean security" before the Big Four conference. It was his most de- tailed effort to torpedo the West European Defense Community. The proposed 50-year general security treaty would bind all the nations of Europe to "peace." East and West Germany were specific- ally listed as eligible as individual powers until the nation eventually is unified. Molotov spelled out a treaty that would be open to all states of j there isn't a chance that the com- House May OK All But One of Ike's Tax Plans Committee Approves New Reductions For U.S. Farmers By CHARLES f. BARRETT WASHINGTON tax writers said today they will reject only one major point in President Eisenhower's 25-point program for streamlining tax laws and giving individuals and business more than two billion dollars in annual reduc- tions. Action by the House Ways and Means Committee yesterday, ap- proving a new tax cut for farmers, brought to 19 the number of White House proposals already approved in less than a month's work on the big overhaul job. j But both Republicans and Demo-1 crats on the committee agreed j Civilians And Members of the U. S. Coast Guard Auxiliary fought high seas to bring 55 passengers ashore from the Miss Birmingham, 65-foot pleasure boat, after the craft was ground- ed in the surf off Treasure Island near St. Peters- burg, The boat broke up minutes after the last of the passengers was cleared. (AP Scientist explains Atomic Locomotive SALT LAKE CITY atomic locomotive that would run for a year on only 13 pounds' of uranium will be described today to railroad and manufacturing representatives by a University nuclear scientist. The scientist, Dr. Lyle B. Borst, yesterday made public plans for what could be the world's -first atomic-driven locomotive. He said the plans were developed during his advance physics course at the TQPAY No Reds Found in Office By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP NEW YORK The public has been grossly misled about the in- filtration of subversives into the government. The best witness to this fact is none other than W. Scott McLeod, Sen. Joseph R. Mc- Carthy's personal ambassador to the State Department. According to testimony" before a Congression- al committee, McLeod has failed to find any Communists lurking anywhere in the State Department, despite 12 months of untiring ef- fort. To date, McLeod has caused a grand total of just 11 persons to be dropped rom the payroll, not as Communists or proved subver- sives, but for "loyalty reasons." Of these 11 cases, according to McLeod's own reluctant testimony, seven were initiated by the Secur- ity Officers of Secretary of State Dean G. Acheson, and merely com- pleted by McLeod. Thus McLeod's personal score now stands at: Communists smoked out, 0; sus- pected dangerous thinkers abolish- ed, 4. Facts and Figures In view of McLeod's sponsorship and character, facts and figures on this .subject coming from him may be regarded as coming straight from the horse's mouth. He was far from eager to give facts and figures. This was only natural. Members of the Presi- dent's Cabinet and personal staff, officials of the Republican Nation- al Committee, and conspicuous fig- ures in the party like Gov. Dewey and Sen. McCarthy, have repeat- edly claimed that the vast major- ity of the people dropped from the government as "security risks" were "spies and traitors" or just plain "Com- mies." A break-down of the security fir- ings that brands these past Ad- ministration, claims as strictly leg- endary, was reluctantly given by McLeod to a closed meeting of a sub-commiitee of the House Appro- priations Committee. The circum- stances were interesting in them- selves. The other witness who appear- ed with McLeod was Under Sec- retary of State W. Bedell Smith. The sub-committee began by ask- ing Smith how many active Com- munists had been uncovered in the State Department. He replied that no Communists had been found. In his downright way, Smith added (Continued on Page 10, Column 4) ALSOPS university. Today he will outline the plans to representatives of the five rail- roads and nine industrial concerns which cooperated with the project. At a press conference yesterday, he said the locomotive would be driven with steam-produced elec- tricity and would cost an estimated It would look much the same as the diesel locomotives now in use and would develop horsepower. The scientist said the engine could run for a year on approxi- mately 13 pounds of uranium. He said that even if the uranium cost a pound the fuel expendi- ture per year for the locomotive would be about compared with the present that is spent annually on a diesel develop- ing the same horsepower. He said he did not know the cost of uranium but said a recent pub- lished report estimated it at around a pound. He emphasized that the project was still in the classroom stage but predicted that "We will have atomic locomotives before we have atomically produced electric ener- gy on an industrial scale." Europe regardless of "their sociai systems." He stated the non-ag- gression terms would be carried out according to these principles of the United Nations charter: All Parties Bound Any attack against one nation in Europe would be regarded as an attack against the entire treaty bloc. All parties would be bound to come to the rescue of the nation attacked, including the use of armed forces. The significant anti-European army clause in the Russian plan read: "The parties undertake not to enter any coalition or alliance or conclude any agreement, the pur- pose of which would contradict the purposes of the treaty on collective security in Europe." Moscow has consistently main- tained that the West, in rearming West Germans through the Euro- pean Defense Community, is aim- ng a warlike dagger at the Soviet Union. The treaty would be for 50 years, exactly as long as the Russians contend the West German govern- ment at Bonn would be tied to Western defense under EDC. Molotov threw in one more de- termined effort to win a seat for Red China in United Nations councils. He proposed that the U.N. Security Council invite the govern- ment of the United States and the Peiping regime to send their rep- resentatives to the machinery that would be set up to administer the European security treaty. They would sit only as observers but this would place Red China on an equal footing with the United States inside the U.N. councils. Merger Proposed While the treaty is being fash- ioned and put into force, the four occupation powers would retain their rights in divided Germany but only until unification is agreed upon. The Russians again proposed to merge the two governments, en- trenching Communism, and order- ing nearly all occupation troops mittee will accept one remaining point. This but siffni- for shifting corpora- tion income taxes so that corpora- tions would make four equal quar- terly payments. Two of the pay- ments in effect would be an ad- vance on the next year's bills. Present Law Under present law, most corpo- rations will pay all of their 1953 tax bill in two equal payments this year, due on March 15 and June 15. Senator Demands Ike Recall Mechanics Sent to Indochina By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON Stennis contended today the Ei- senhower administration violated a pledge by sending 200 Air Force mechanics into Indochina before consulting key congressmen. Stennis, a member of the Senate he said he believes a major-1 Chiefs of Staff, at a secret session ity of the Senate Armed Services I last Friday. Committee opposed sending the mechanics into Indochina. He add- ed he favors increased American aid in money and equipment. Termed Risky Step Sen. Byrd in a separate Armed Services Committee, said interview, called it a "risky step" in an interview he favors immedi- to send the mechanics. He, too, ate recall of the U. S. mechanics I said member? of the Armed Serv- as a move to avoid possible direct ices Committee were not informed The result is that funds pour into I involvement in the long anti-Corn- in advance, and that they were the Treasury the first half of thejniunist war there. told of the plan by Adm. Arthur calendar vpar hut returns Declaring that "I'm no isolation- W. Radford, chairman of the Joint of the country within six months and before general elec- tions are conducted. The West sees this as a setup for a typical Com- munist putsch. Ifs Been So Warm and dry in Denver that the city forester has urged residents to wet down their evergreen shrubs. Lois Wagberg, who came to Denver recently from Iron River, Mich., followed the advice, in garb suitable to Tuesday's 65-degree read- ing at noon. (AP Wirephoto) calendar year, but returns are skimpy the last half. This is one of the big factors that led the] administration to seek an increase in the national debt limit. Eisenhower, .outlining 'Ibis point in his budget message, said, "The irregularity of tax receipts increas- es the problems in managing the public debt and is an unsettling influence in the money markets. (It) also may make it harder for corporations to manage their own financing." But committee members who asked not to be quoted by name said many corporations are strong- ly opposed to the change. They added the proposal looks "dead asi a doornail" so far as their com- mittee is concerned. Other Big Point One other big remaining point s a proposal to change the dead- line for filing individual tax re- turns from March 15 to April 15. Committee members said this seems certain to be approved. The tax change for farmers would permit deductions for ex- penses for soil and water conser- vation estimated 10 million dollar annual saving. Deductions in any one year would be limited to 25 per cent of a farmer's gross income. But ex- penses not deductible in one year, because of that limit, could be car- ried over and deducted in later years. Fugitive Caught, Admits Slaying Max Bodenheim NEW YORK Wein- berg, 25-year-old dishwasher, ad- mitted today that he shot exotic writer Max Bodenheim, found slain last Sunday with his wife, police announced. The announcement came a few minutes after Weinberg, a fugitive Rhee Warns Will Reopen War That followed publication of newspaper accounts saying 125 or more technicians bad been sent. Byrd said the next steps would be requests by the French for U.S. pilots aad ground forces in Indo- china, adding he would oppose that. Secretary of Defense Wilson told a news conference yesterday the fighting is going satisfactorily, and that he sees no need to step up American aid. Sen. George (D-Ga) of the For- eign Relations Committee said he "doubts it was a wise move" to send in the mechanics. He agreed (Editor's Note: Relman Morin, Associated Press spe- cial correspondent, interview- ed President Syngman Rhee of South Korea today at the President's home in Seoul. Mo- rin, who toon the Pulitzer Prize Korean War reporting in 1950, has been in the Far East three weeks visiting leaders in Japan and Korea. Before World War II, he was Associated Press chief of bureau in Tokyo. Since the war he headed Asso- ciated Press staffs in Paris and Washington before being ap- pointed to his roving assign- ment.) By RELMAN MORIN SEOUL Syngman we went to the Yalu River in 1950, why should it start The President conceded that from a standpoint of supplies aad materials the South Korean armies would have "a hard time." He said he hoped that the very least he could expect was support in the form of ammunition, gasoline and the like. "If the United Nations will sim- ply back us up with that our men will do the fighting." He said Every Move Checked WASHINGTON WJ-Presidenr Eisenhower said today every move the government takes with respect to aid to Indo- china is carefully calculated to keep rhe United States from getting involved in hot war there. The President told a conference he could not con- ceive of greater tragedy than for America to get in- volved in an all-out war fhera or anywhere. with Stennis that if the United States should send fighting forces Indochina, Red China prob- was sure that ROK forces could abl d f it clear North Korea of the Chinese. Actually, most competent Amer- ican observers in Korea, do not believe the ROKs could press an offensive very long without both supplies and air cover from the United States, Nevertheless, Rhee Rhee said today he is, determined j said he wU1 it alone, rrto "trainer rho I .hi- i since the bodies were found in a squalid East Side room, had been hustled into a police station. The prisoner had not yet been questioned concerning the fatal stabbing of Bodenheim's wife, 35- year-old Ruth Fagan, police said. Weinberg was found hiding, po- lice said, in the basement of a tenement (311 East 21st about a mile from the dingy scene of the killings. He was found by detectives Cy Goll and Harry So reopen the war against the Chi- nese Reds occupying North Ko- rea, and he warned that if nec- essary he will go ahead without American support. "I am not he said. The President of the Republic of Korea made a statement in an interview with this correspondent. Except in general terms, he did not specify when he will order his armies to attack, but he said: "Time is rapidly running out. We shall have to act soon or perish." In both manner and speech, he gave every evidence that he means what he says. He repeated several times: "I am not bluffing. I can't bluff now." He criticized American policy as "mistaken" in discussing peace with the Chinese and said: "Uni- fication through a political confer- ence is ridiculous." The President gave these rea- sons for the position he is taking: 1. He is convinced the Chinese themselves will reopen the war whenever they are ready. did in Korea. Wilson said yesterday that un- less the Red Chinese intervene on a mass scale, or some similar new factor enters the picture, he thinks cha'nces are good for a military victory in the eight-year war. Republican Leader Knowland of California told the Senate Monday night the Eisenhower administra- tion had no desire or intention of sending combat forces into Indo- china. Stennis told the Senate yesterday that Radford's report to the Armed Services Committee caused "al- most unanimous alarm and grave concern" among senators pres- ent. Sen. Saltonstall the committee chairman, said he first learned of the plan in and he added: "I was disturbed when I read that 200 uniformed mechanics of our Air Force were to be sent." Saitonstall said he had been as- sured by Wilson that the "200 will be out of Indochina by Juae 12." If the American people want to get involved in the Indochina war ST. PAUL W Since Chief Jus- is aU righl' Stelmis said' add- or not such assistance is forth- coming. What the ROKs have in the form of stockpiled ammunition and sup- plies naturally is not publishable. In any case, the President seems completely convinced that there is no alternative open for South Ko- rea. Burnquistand Bjornson Urged For Senate Race tice Roger Dell has taken himself j out of the picture, Capitol specula- tion on a Republican senatorial candidate to oppose Democratic eiicvei uicy tuc TT :They have not given up their SeDat0rt Hubert Humphrey appears F Tn fOntoi- nn ambition for the whole of Korea. They will attack again." 2. He believes that the present to center on two men Atty. Gen. Burnquist and State Treasur- er Bjornson. Ume Feigman. Weinberg was known as a ne'er-do-well companion of the im- poverished and eccentric writer. almost-forgotten Partisanship Alarms Ike WASHINGTON (m President Eisenhower today counseled mem- bers of his administration to avoid extreme partisanship in their re: marks about Democrats, and said :e would expect the Republican National Committee to show sim- ilar tolerance. military buildup. 3. The buildup is in progress, he said. "This Communist army has new weapons from the Soviets, including a strong air arm and many giant tanks." 4. Even assuming the Chinese do not attack in the near which he does not said a vivisected Korea cannot live. He: was speaking from a point of view of food, industry and general economics. Therefore, he said, "we must strike first. It is no war of aggres- sion to liberate part of our own soil. We want only what is our own." Does he have any fear that a South Korean attack on the Chi- nese might touch off the third world war? He smiled grimly and asked: "If Sovjet Russia was not ready to start the third world war when ditions. Burnquist's friends say he would be willing to make the race if he could be assured of reasonably solid support from party leaders. His supporters point to his long record as a public official, first as governor and since 1939 as; at- torney general, and to the fact that he is well-known to the voters and- has demonstrated his ability as a vote-getter. Bjornson, regarded since his el- ection as treasurer in 1950 as a strong future possibility for gov- ernor, has been represented a-s willing to run for senator if it can be shown this would be "for the good of the party." There is still a strong feeling, however, among certain elements "But I do not want to see them committed step by step, so that eventually they will have no choice but will be compelled to go in "Step by step, we are leading to a situation in which we may have no choice except to go in there with ground troops." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and cloudiness and much colder to- night. Thursday generally fair and colder. Low tonight 18, high Thurs- day 26. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 51; minimum, 23; noon, 36; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Maximum temperature 49 at p. m. Tuesday. Low 29 de- grees at a. m. today. Noon readings Temperature 37, wind from west northwest at 20 miles of the party that Gov. Anderson j per hour with gusts up to 26; sky would be the strongest candidate j clear; visibility is over 15 miles; against Humphrey and should j barometer 29.74, rising, and humid- make the race. ity 57 per cent. Authorities Hold Driver of Car on HomicideCharge Donald Hegland, 28, Dies in Accident; Frank Freese Held LA CROSSE, driver of a car involved in an accident near here early today in which a Hous- ton, Minn., man was killed and three others hospitalized, including the son of a Winonan, was being held by La Crosse County author- ities on a charge of negligent hom- icide by reason driving while under the influence of liquor. He is Frank Freese, 33, Houston, who suffered only minor injuries in the mishap in which Donald Hegland, 28, was killed almost in- stantly. Hegland was riding in tha front seat of the car with Freese. Also injured in the crash John Grover, 26, of Houston, son of Mr. and Mrs. Phil M. Grover, 407% W. Sanborn St., Winona, aad Knute Kittleson, 41, Houston. Kittleson Critical Grover was reported to be in satisfactory condition in a La Crosse hospital today, suffering a broken leg and other minor in- juries. Kittleson is still in critical condition at the hospital. He has multiple rib fractures, a serious scalp laceration and is suffering from shock. Uninjured was J. C. Fraley, 28, Charleston, S. C., driver of the loaded semitrailer that plowed into the car on the Shelby overhead over the Burlington Railroad tracks on Highway 14, four miles south- east of here, about a.m. today. Fraley was driving north in a truck owned by the Clay Hyder Trucking Line of Hendersonville, N. with a load of frozen foods. The Minnesota car was en route south. Authorities quoted Freese as saying he thought he was driving on a bridge crossing the Missis- sippi River. Met Head-on Chief Edward Tabbert of the La Crosse County Highway Patrol said the Freese car struck the concrete railing of the bridge on Highway 14, careened across the road and nto the path of the truck semi- trailer just coming over the-crest of the grade. The two vehicles met headon. The front wheels of the truck rolled over the engine, crushing about half of the car. The car was completely smashed but the truck was not badly damaged. Fraley told police the car had no lights. Waitress Reports The investigation included state- ments by a waitress at the Dew Drop Restaurant on the outskirts of La Crosse where the men had stopped shortly before the accident and ordered food. She said the men told her they were returning to Minnesota, the opposite direction from which they were driving at the time of the accident. Freese was under police guard at the hospital. Grover had not fully recovered from an automobile accident a year ago last fall in which he suffered a broken leg and was hospitalized for several months. He was able to get about on crutches. U.S. Won't Sell Farm Surplus to Reds, Weeks Says WASHINGTON of Commerce Weeks announced today the government will not allow the sale of government stocks of sur- plus farm products to Russia or her satellites. But Weeks indicated that appli- cations for permission to sell pri- vately owned non-strategic farm products to the Soviet bloc might get favorable consideration. Week's statement turned down on an application by Dwayne Andreas, Minnesota soybean mil- ler, to export tons of govern- ment-owned surplus cotton seed oil to Czechoslovakia. Kenosha Inventor Calls Art Robbery 'Inside-Outside Job' KENOSHA W! Kenosha police followed through today on routine leads in the art robbery the victim, inventor Oscar Ulysses Zerk, terms "an inr.ide-outside job." Authorities were checking finger- prints found in the house, trying to trace the brand of clothesline used to truss up Zerk and examined his car which the bandits stole and later abandoned. ;