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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 9, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy With Snow, Not So Cold Tonight The Nation This Week Salutes All Boy Scouts VOLUME 52, NO. 301 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 9, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Ike. GOP Heads Set 10-PointGoal Flaming Embers Skyrocket from the Universi- ty of Minnesota Aeronautical Engineering Labor- atory Building as the roof caves in during an early morning fire on the Minneapolis campus today. The building contained an aviation research wind tunnel, two airplanes and other equipment and, also housed laboratories of the school's chemistry and mechanical engineering departments. In background is the Gopher athletic fieldhouse. It was not threatened. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) Kerr warns oenson Is Sowing Seeds of GOP Defeat in '54 By ERNEST B. VACCARO WASHINGTON Kerr (D-Okla) said today President Eisen- hower's new secretary of agriculture is "sowing the seeds" for a Republican defeat in 1954 by not stopping the decline of farm prices. He predicted the Republicans will lose Congress in the next elec- tion if Eisenhower keeps Ezra Taft Benson in his Cabinet and if Ben- son doesn't "act to halt the drop in beef and other farm prices." Kerr made this prediction after Sen. Aiken (R-Vt) accused Demo- TODAY crats of trying to use the farm situation Aiken said it was in- Ike Takes Hold On Problems JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP is shap- ed, perhaps more than history ought to be shaped, by the per- sonal character of a President of the United States, and by the way he works. The case of President Dwight D. Eisenhower is particu- larly interesting, since Gen. Ei- senhower is a military man taking over the greatest civilian job in the world. This is a preliminary report on the way the new Presi- i year ,1S ,UP thev will realize their A miptnlro Fire Destroys Aeronautical Building at U MINNEAPOLIS WV-Fire flashed through the University of Minnes- ota Aeronautical Engineering Lab- oratory building with blow torch intensity early today, destroying the structure. University officials estimated the loss of equipment and replace ment costs of the building would be A city fire station next door and herited from the Democrats as several other nearby buildings an issue to recapture Congress. Aiken, chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee, said the new administration expects prices of cattle, wheat and other farm products to stabilize. He said Ben- son "is not going to be stampeded into doing anything." Old Fears Revived Kerr last week introduced a bill to direct federal price support of beef cattle at full parity out of 25 million dollars of agriculture funds. He told an interviewer: "In 1948, the farmers feared cer- tain things if the Republicans won and they re-elected Truman. "In 1952 they permitted those fears to be lulled and they elected Eisenhower. The present indica- tions to me are that before this dent is task. tackling his tremendous mistake." were threatened. No one was injured though ex- plosions shook the ground as flames raced through the building which also housed research lab- oratories of the university's chem- istry and mechanical engineering departments. The extra-alarm blaze brought out 24 pieces of fire fighting appa- ratus including special equipment. The two-story brick building, about 200 feet wide and about 100 feet in depth, contained an aero- nautical research wind tunnel, two airplanes, aviation engines and other equipment. Roy V. Lund, university super- vising engineer, estimated replace- Dulles Returns Heartened by European Tour Ike Gets Full Report on Trip From Secretary WASHINGTON W) Secretary jof State Dulles returned from his European unity tour today. Dulles and Mutual Security Di- rector Harold E. Stassen arrived at a. m. (CST) from Luxem- bourg, completing a 10-day fact- finding survey of seven West Eu- ropean nations. Dulles said he expected to confer with President Eisenhower later in the day. The secretary of state told news- men he and Stassen were "encour- aged by what we have been told by leaders" of the West European states. Dulles had warned the European nations that they must get together on a plan for a joint West Eu- ropean army or else the U. S, might be forced to "re-think" its foreign aid programming. Dulles and Mutual Security Di- rector Harold E. Stassen concluded a swing around seven Allied Euro- pean capitals yesterday and, ac- cording to news accounts, left for lome believing their airborne di- Jlomacy had been successful in jetting European defense repara- tions back into high gear. Dulles and Stassen come home o find a collection of problems from the Korean War to matters of personnel and organi- ation, no less burdensome than vhen they left 10 days ago. Their irst task was to give Eisenhower n account of their impressions. Dulles is understood to have fol- owed what the 'Europeans re- :arded as a very firm line about the need which the Eisenhower dmimstration sees for. urgency in unifying strengthening Eu- rope's defenses. Chancellor Konrad Adenauer of Secretary Of State John Foster Dulles, left, to- day reported to President Eisenhower on the fact- finding survey of seven West European nations he made with Mutual Security Administrator Har- old E. Stassen, right. At the airport in Wash- ington, earlier in the morning, Dulles said be was encouraged over prospects' of European unity. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) West Germany said Dulles had set April 1 as the deadline for getting "clear and visible signs" that a treaty providing for a European defense force will be ratified. Earlier Dulles had been reported as telling the British he needed strong evidence of progress before the next .meeting of the North Atlantic Treaty Council, set for April 23. It appeared that Dulles and Stassen had tried to impress upon European leaders a feeling that the chances for getting adequate aid funds voted by Congress in the next few months hinge largely on when steps to build up Eu- rope's defense are being taken. There are a number of such steps. One is that the North Atlantic Treaty Organization itself, which now includes 14 nations in Europe and North America, should be strengthened as rapidly as the resources of the member countries will permit. Judge Bars Public From Vice Trial NEW YORK ffl A judge toda ordered the press and publi barred from hearing prosecutio evidence in the cafe society vie trial of playboy Minot F. Jelke HI General Sessions Judge Franci L. Valente said he took the action in the interest of "public decency.' Any other decision, he said "could serve no constructive pur pose and may be a positive dis service to youth." Although Jelke, 23-year-old heir ta oleomargarine millions, is en titled to a public trial, the judgi said, that right "does not includi the gratification of the morbic curiosity of the public." Jelke's attorney has strongly pro tested the move for a news black out in the case. So had attorneys for New York City newspapers. They called il censorship. The judge's ruling meant that air prosecution testimony would be heard behind closed doors, with reporters and spectators excluded. ment cost of the building, exclusive I Another is to close the gap be- of contents, at A passerby discovered the fire tries as Yugoslavia and Spain. shortly before 5 As everyone knows by now, the White House is already buzzing by in the morning, when all members of the President's staff (somewhat to the distress of some of them) are expected to arrive on dot. What is not so well known is that the President may have been out of bed as much as three hours before the White House opens for business. By he has breakfasted long before, read his newspapers and some essen- Kerr said Benson has authority More than 100 firemen using slavia are bad but word came under legislation expiring at the end of 1954 to support beef prices at SO per cent of parity, but has not done so. Parity is a price de- clared by law to be equally fair to farmers and consumers. "A Democratic secretary of ag- riculture would be using what authority he had and would be beating at the door of Congress for additional authority in this emer- Kerr continued. days consists of an occasional brief spell of his beloved painting before an early bedtime. Understandably enough, ex- haustion is already etched on the faces of some of the new Presi- dent's White House subordinates. But Gen, Eisenhower himself seems incapable of fatigue. It is probably just as well that the President has this enormous capa- more than half of the city's fire Saturday that Yugoslavia, Greece fighting apparatus fought the blaze. A major traffic snarl developed on the east side of the city during the early-morning rush hour. Livestock Men To Hear Benson At St. Paul ST. PAUL UP) Declining cattle prices are expected to be dealt with Wednesday when Ezra Taft Benson addresses the Central Live- stock Association here in what will be Benson's first major talk since he became secretary of agriculture. Some livestock producers from 12 states will attend the par- lotiating a three way alliance ley- Directors will be named to fill tween NATO and such other coun- I Relations between Italy and Yugo- and Turkey will shortly begin ne- Hibbing Store Manager Slugged In Theft RIBBING, Minn. UP) Officers today sought the robber who slugged the manager of the Na- tional Tea Co., grocery store Sat- urday night, escaping with Wallace Sundberg said he was struck as he knelt in front of the store safe, putting money away. Gen. Van Fleet Regrets'Not Finishing Job' SEOUL (ffl Gen. James A. Tleet bade farewell to the U. S. I of toe Farm Bureau Legislature or Governor to Pick U Regent ST. PAUL tf! The- Minnesota Legislature and the state Farm Bureau Federation each have to name a successor to J. Seneca Jones, late University of Minnesota I Act regent and Farm Bureau executive g Action secretary, whose funeral was held procedures _ _ Wide Program Of Legislation Agreed Upon Congress Shooting For Adjournment July 4, Taft Says WASHINGTON congres- sional Republican leaders said to- day they had reached agreement with President Eisenhower on a wide prograrii of legislation. Sen. Taft, (R-0) Republican floor leader, said after a White House call that Congress is shooting for a July 4 adjournment and be be- lieved it could be achieved. Taft gave this quick rundown on subjects which he said will be taken up by Congress in this session and which he said are certain of ap- proval. They are: 1. Reorganization of executivt departments and agencies. 2. Appropriation bills; to be ready or action by the Semite net later than May. 15. 3. Statehood for Hawaii. 4. Amendments to tt.j Taf t-Hart- ey Act. 5. Limited extension of some con- trols on prices and allocations in critical situations. 6. Tidelands oil land ownership, which probably will mean action by Congress to return control of the offshore oil deposits to the 7. Extension of the Reciprocal to simplify today. If an attorney general's ruling is favorable, the Legislature will choose a new regent to replace Jones. If the attorney general ruies I in critical areas against the Legislature, the 9. Extension of old age and sur- vivors insurance to cover groups presently excluded. 10. Extension of aid to schooli appointment will be made by Gov. Anderson. Enormous Hole lighth- Army's Korean battlefront ;oday and said: "My only regret is that we didn't inish the job." The Army commander, who urns his tremendous job over to Lt. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor Wednesday, made his last front- ine stop at the U. S. 1st Marine Division. "God bless you, good luck and Capitol Leaden The report on legislative followed the regular Monday morn- ing -meeting between Eisenhower Besides serving as a 'regent, and the Capitol leaders. Taft and Jones also was executive secretary I Sen Knowland (R.Calif) said in advance that they were ready to lay before Eisenhower a series of The board of directors of that or- ganization planned to meet today after the funeral and name a new executive secretary. "The death of Mr. Jones leaves an enormous hole to be said James L. Morton of Hancock, president of the farm group. He did not comment on his choice of j expire June 30. suggestions for action. These include inquiries on what Eisenhower plans to do about cut- ting former President Truman's spending budget and about taxes', particularly the ex- cess profits tax, which is due to ood laj. Gen. I. A. taff. he told Marine Pollack and his That marked the windup of a hree-day "hail and farewell" tour y Taylor and Van Fleet. Van Fleet, who has commanded 11 United Nations ground forces i Korea for 22 months, leaves for apan Wednesday on the first lap f his trip back to the U. S. and etirement. He will spend several ays in Japan, then fly to Honolulu a successor. There were reports, however, that Leonard Harkness of St. Paul was being considered by some of the directors. Formerly agricultur- al extension agent in Blue Earth County, Harkness now is the state 4-H club leader. So far as replacing Jones on the Board of Regents was concerned, some legislative leaders appeared inclined to delay action for a time out of respect for Jones. However, others were about ready to start up the machinery for picking a new join his wife for a few days rest. _ he Van. Fleets will travel by ship I Sen- Gerald Mullin, Minneapolis, om Honolulu to San Francisco. cAalrman of the Senate University which will strengthen NATO southeastern flank. cattlemen. Anderson told a CBS televisio panel yesterday beef supplies ar running ahead of demand and therefore, "you have got to expec some .sort of adjustment of agri cultural income." Sag in Prices The sag rn farm prices generally can be traced to this supply demand imbalance, Anderson said He added that, while consumers cial quirk which one of his as- sistants describes as "an auditory rather than visual intelligence." He learns far more readily through his ears than through his eyes. H-i likes to have his speeches, for example, read aloud to him, and he corrects and edits them 13au aropDeQ n De] by voice (most astutely-he hates I months SETS. face a bleak year for profits. He cautioned: "Every depression we have had has been led by a farm Farm prices, declining irregular- ly since a record peak just after the Korean War started ia mid- dropped n per cent during rather than reading wherever pos- sible is actually less time-con- suming than might be supposed, since the President's "auditory intelligence" is remarkably quick. When he became President he had little more knowledge of the budget process than the ordinary is precious little. Accordingly, he called in Budget (Continued on Page 11, Column 5.) ALSOPS more than a billion dollars in farm price support programs, many of them brought into play after lying idle, more or less, since before World "War II. The Bureau of Agricultural Eco- nomics "said today the falloff in meat animal prices is about ended. It foresaw a moderate price in- crease during the next few months, especially for hogs which are in small supply. expired terms of N. J. Nelson Oakes, N. D.; C. C. McKee, Hills- dale, Wis., and Ray Kraft, Canby, Minn. Central Livestock has more than producer members in Minnesota, Wisconsin, North Dako- ta, South Dakota, Iowa, Montana, Nebraska, Wyoming, Washington, Idaho, Oregon, California and Col- orado. Besides Benson, speakers will in elude Sen. Edward J. Thye (R himself a member of th association, and Norris K. Carnes general manager of the group. M Midwest Weather Study in Contrast By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The weather today was a study n contrasts temperatures in the 30s in the South Central portion and down to two below zero a; ,Vausau, Wis.; snow in New Eng- and and scattered rains southward ilong the Atlantic Coast, and the first rainless day in a month for many points in Western Washing- on and Oregon. An extensive storm blew rain nd snow into the Northern Rock- An Automobile was twisted into tangled wreckage and bent around a light pole after it collided with a truck on the south side of Chicago Sunday. Three people were injured in the crash. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) es and the Intermountain Plateau o the accompaniment of sharp emperature drops. Lander, Wyo. ot 11 inches of snow. Oldster Gets Notice CENTRALIA, 111. A Pekin, HI., draft board had to recheck ts George E. Jones address. One its draft notices was received t Olney, 111., by Justice of the eace George E. Jones who is going on 82 and proud of Mayor Kim Tai Sun of Seoul said jout Koreans will line the reels of this capital city to say >odby to the man they have pro- aimed their "friend, protector nd brother in arms." It was a day of honors for Van Fleet. During a briefing at the U. S. 2nd Division headquarters, Van Fleet learned he had been award- ed The Netherlands' highest dec- oration knight in the Order of Orange Nassau with swords. The Netherlands' commander, Lt. Col. Cornelius Schleroord, said the for- mal decoration ceremonies would be held later in the U. S. At the U. S. 7th Division, Van Advisory Committee, said the Leg- islature will name Jones' successor. "I have no Mullin added. Worked Hard Only 10 days before Jones' death, Whatever he recommends on the excess profits tax, some contro. versy is likely. Most businessmen and the Treasury don't like the tax, -and Republicans in Congress wouldn't be happy about extending it. especially in view of tax-cutting promises many of them made in their campaigns. But if the GOP allows the tax to expire on schedule and does not also reduce individual income taxes, Democrats are almost cer'- tain to contend that all the new administration cares about is "big business." Hike it? Income The 11 per cent hike in income taxes voted in 1950 is scheduled to expire at year's end. Rep. Reed chairman of the tax-writ- ing House Ways and Means Com- mittee, is pushing a bill to move up the date to June 30. the Legislature picked Karl Neu-! Administration lieutenants on meier, former state senator from Capitol Hill are known to be trying Stillwater, as a regent. Neumeier to stall action. One possible corn- was chosen over Prudence Cut-1 promise would delay House action Fleet was given a chromium- plated bayonet and a small bayo- net badge worn by combat infan- trymen. At the British Commonwealth Division, kilted pipers of the famed Black Watch played "My Home" as the generals'light planes landed. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy tonight and Tuesday with occa- sional periods of snow. Not so cold tonight. Low tonight 22, high Tues- day 34. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 33; minimum, 4; noon, 22; precipitation, none. right, Macalester College profes- sor. Women's groups who worked hard for Miss Cutright were expect- ed to resume their fight for a woman regent now that another vacancy exists. Possible successors being men- tioned included Mrs. C. E. Howard, Excelsior, former state Republican chairwoman, and Grayce Ward, Duluth, an official of Zinsmaster Baking Co. now but eventually give a clear path to Reed's bill. If the excess profits tax were allowed to expire and if individual income levies were cut on June 30, the Treasury would lose an esti- mated this year. In predicting a budget deficit of about 10 billions for the 12 months start- ing July 1, Truman assumed both tax changes would go through ac- cording to present schedules. Nixon Asks FBI to Probe Slander During Election WASHINGTON Presi- dent Nixon was reported on cpm- petent authority today to have asked the Federal Bureau of. In- vestigation to determine whether he was slandered during the elec tion campaign. A senator in a position to have inside information said "there isn't any doubt forgery is involved" in a letter, purportedly written by one oil company executive to another, saying had been paid Nix- Official observations for the 24ion during the campaign. hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 29; minimum, 15; noon, 26; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 25 at p.m. Sun- 'ay, min. 10 at p.m. Sunday. readings clouds overcast t feet, wind 8 miles per hour rom east, visibility 15 miles, baro- meter 30.50 steady, humidity 90 j ier cent. "It's the darndest case you ever the senator told a reporter. While the FBI was said by other authorities to be investigating, with a view to prosecution, a Justice Department spokesman said only: "We wouldn't have any comment on that. Why don't you inquire at the Vice President's Robert Ladd, Nixon's adminis- trative assistant, said the whole story is set out in an article in the current magazine. issue of a national "The only statement this office cares to Ladd said, "U that the magazine article speaks for itself and tells the complete story." The article says Nixon is tho victim of a "gigantic conspiracy" and of a continuing smear cam- paign in which former President Truman had a part. It says Tru- man told Democratic leaders in California during last year's politi- -cal campaign that Nixon was link- ed with another fund, and this ap- parently was a reference to letter speaking of from oil interests. A high spot in 'the campaign was the disclosure that Nixon had re- ceived from private con- tributors back home to help him meet expenses as a senator from 'alifornia. Nixon defended him- self on a nation-wide television- radio hookup and his presidential running mate. Gen. Dwight D. "lisenhower, pronounced him of any taint of wronzdoinu. ;