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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 9, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Full Leased Wiro Newt Report of The Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations yOLUME 47. NO. MATTER OF FACT Palestine Policy Needed BY Jowph nntl Hlnwart Alitojt wiMthlnrton Thn first major task of the new national security council has turned out to be tho preparation of nil American Pales- tine policy. Representatives of the Bcrvlco and State departments are now w a d I n K throuKh tho vast mass of prelimi- nary studies on ithls crucial ques- tion, with a view to recommending action to the The Alsops president. The Presldrnt has Riven clear of regretting his previous practice, of rrnchlnt; decisions on Palestine on hl SIXTEEN PAGES City Office Set Up in Oil Crisis M All V Probe of Commodity Break Ordered by Andresen Committee Washington An Investigation of last week's commodity market break was ordered today by the House committee Invcstl- Dead In Major India Battle Casualties of Moslem Invaders Not Confirmed th. purpose will be to determine "the names and extent or operations ol those who profited by advance Inside Information." Andresen Secretary or plete information in regard to the leak which he occurred in ad- Democrats to Ask Cut in Funds For Grain Probe Wuhlnfton A Republican move to prolong an investigation In- to grain and food speculation hit n. Democratic snag today. Senator of Illinois, assist- ant minority loader, announced ho will neok n "drastic" cut in funds for a Senate expenditures subcom- mittee headed by Senator Ferguson Republican loaders are Raid to Evrry American official Involved hnvo agreed to shift to this commit- In the problem admits that If this rdtuatlon 1.1 permitted to arise, them will be no way out, short of catas- trophe. For If the blood bath In PuJcstlnr once Kct-i started, negoti- ation will be Impossible. There will then be only two alternatives. ALTKKNATIVF; ONE win be in- action. Under thin alternative no one will Intrrvcnr to halt thn con- flirt brtwrrn Arubn and Tho Jrwii nrr bravr mid well organised Hut the Arabs uro nlxo brave and though disunited are immeasurably more numerous than thn Jews. Somn expert opinion holds that the Jpwl.ih defense will ultimately bo totally broken by tho Arabs, At best, thn rxpert.t anticipate that most of the groat economic progress achieved by tho will be destroyed: that the Jcwn will be driven from eastern Onlllee nnd tho Negel and that they will be dur- roundert and In the ronntal dtrlp 'irounti Tol Aviv. This In unthinkable. Unfortunately, alternative two ulso unthinkable. For If someone Is to intervene to halt tho Jewish- Arab conflict, after It has reached thr blood bath stage, that someone must be the United States, United Nations offlrlal.i hiivn already In- formrrt thn American policy-makers tlmt. It Is hopeless. In these circum suincrs, to try to recruit small nation Palestine force. If tho blood both begins, no forcn will enter Palestine without American Russian; troops at Its hcatl, (or IT 1H UNTIIINKAltl.K that Am rrlrati t.hotikl mint to Palestine for Iwci different m of reasons, Klrst. and tuost obvious, them ure reasons of hard national wlf-lntprest. It Is currently fashion- able to dismiss national Intercuts as brrieath contempt, Ilul It In a prac- tical fart I hat the oil of thn Middle rotiKtlmtes tho only American reserve lit a (lino of clwlr.clllng domestic supply, and that Western Europe in completely dependent upon the Middle East for this life- blood of Its economy. The Marshall plan actually in- cludes for exploitation of Middle Enstmi oil resources, as e.'.sentlnl to Western Europe. But already pipeline construction In the been halted by limited disorders. If Middle the present American troops are sent to Pales- tine. the disorders will become a Holy war Involving the wholo Mos- lem world. Prc.ildi'iil Trumiui now hiis on his cle.-.h a leltef from Prowl- dent .Illinah of, warning that even tlil.i dlnUint Main In India will plunge- lulu the The American service departments ac- cept as a matter of course that no American oil or other Installations in the Middle East, not directly defended by armed forces, will sur- vive the arrival of an American force In Palestine. IN SHOUT. II-' we send troops to Palestine, either on our own or on behalf of thn United Nations, tho whole Middle East will KO up In flames. Tho loss of tho oil resource will destroy thy economic under- pinnings of the non-Soviet world. And we Khali be on tho c.vo of the thirtl world war. For the Soviet union could never resist the tempta- tion of such a disaster. On the whole it docs credit to tho American policymakers, that the above considerations have weigh- ed rather less with them than tho second set of reasons uKulnr.t scnd- inir U. S. troops to Palestine. Any honest, man, who faces all the of American life, and hurl, iuililn iinrl Ignoble, knows that the moil nonlld nf nil thrsn facts In the prcNctu'o In this country of n considerable strain of racial hat- red. It lc. doubtful whether tho Con- cre-ss would ncrec to u Palestine expedition, even In obedience to the United Nations. Hut a mcro serious proposal to send troops, lot r.lor.o the actual sending of them, would fun tho flames of racial hatred In a dangerous and terrible manner. If n blood bath In Palestine will confront us with only two altor- native.'i, both of which will bo utter- ly unthinkable, tho Only scriKlblo course Is obviously to try to prevent the blocxl bath from occurring- No more difficult task has over been Irnjiowfl upon American pollcy- makrrx. toe within DO days the Inquiry now under way by a Senate appropria- tions subcommittee alao headed by Ferguson. The Investigation has brought Harold E. Stassen, O.O.P. presiden- tial aspirant, and Edwin W. Pauley. former department official, face to face for shouting exchanges over Stasnen'n charge that Paulcy traded with "Indicia Stomo Kopubllcuns indicate they want to keep tho Issue olive bo- causo they think It will help take the wind out of Democratic charg- es that the O.O.P. Is responsible for tho high cost of living. But Lucas told u reporter he Is Kolnn to demand that tho Repub- licans make tholr full Intentions known before they get ix fund they hnve asked for the ex- penditures group. "They have left In their tho Illinois senator said, "and before they get any more, I think tho Senate and the country aro entitled to know what they al- ready havo spent for. "I can't seo why thoy should pro- long the investigation. They have utterly failed to show that Pftuley or anybody olso had 'insldo informa- tion' and used It in Pauloy. meanwhile, resigned his Army dopnrtmunt pout Saturday after five months us special con- sultant on Industrial mobilization purchasing methods, He said his work was finished. vnnco of tho public announcement" of government grain purchasing plans. The secretary Sunday denied pub- lished reports suggesting there had been an advance leak of official information on the government's grain buying plans. He said: "There was nothing in the nature of a market tipoff." "The crash in the commodities market of last Anderson said In a .statement, "demonstrates how completely the Truman administra- tion has dominated and fixed the price of grains and other commodi- ties since July 1, 1940. the past 19 months, vol- ume buying of wheat, coarse grains, fats and oils, and other commodities by the government, under orders of the secretary of agriculture, forced steep advances in these commodities and sky-rocketed prices of livestock and poultry feed, beef, pork, dairy products and other foods. When the government stopped buying, prices of commodities went down." Although it was announced that tho government had lo acquire only another of wheat and flour for foreign export and relief, he said, the secretary of agriculture last week ordered gov- ernment buying of wheat stopped, "and the bottom fell out of the commodities market." Price Break Spreads to Livestock Market By The Associated Pros Grain prices began to stabilize to- day but tho price break spread sud- denly to the livestock market. HOKS fell to tho lowest price since January 0, 1947. and cattle slid as much as a hundredweight. Lambs also were down. Cotton prices fell again In New York and wholesale butter prices in New York dropped cents a pound for top grade. Rubber nnd hlclos were up. Rotall prices of Hour, lard, bacon, steaks and bread continued to cle- (Contlnued on Page 14, Column Z) COMMODITIES Red Wing Training School Head Named St. Carl J. Jackson, stato director of tho division of pub- lie Institutions, today appointed B. E. Fan-ell of Red Wing as acting superintendent of the Minnesota Stato Training school for boys at nod Jackson recently succeeded Carl Swanson, who resigned. Farrcll has been in the service of the school for 17 years, coming to Red Wing January 1, 1031 to take over his duties as coach and direc- tor of the athletic program. He has served as principal of the academic department and during recent years has directed both the academic and vocational Instruction of tho school. Ho comes originally from River Palls, Win. He served as lieutenant commander In World War n both the European and Pacific theaters. Mrs. Farrcll, formerly Marynla Swnnnon of Rod Wing, also has been n. member of tho school's faculty. Furroir.i rormor position as vo- cational-educational principal will be filled by Nolan Ellandson a member of the training school staff tho navy during and saw duty in for several years. I Junt attended the radio cor- respondent's dinner In Washing- ton. It wim a wonderful affair. I was very happy to be invited to Wimhlnifton. Everybody in Hollywood WIIH bciflnnlnic to wonder what wad wrong with me. I In Hollywood wo feel very clone to Washington. And fre- quently, are. These correspondents are really powerful. I asked tho waiter what wo were ifoinir to havo for dinner and he Maid, wo don't know yet, Drew Pearson hnim'l told us. And IhiiMi commentators con- tune me. I always liiiar that 1'curson predicted, Kaltenborn confirmed It Gabriel Hcat- tcr tells you why It can never happen. Of course. I'elrlllo didn't show up. Ho heard that dln- nrr was bolnjf served on plat- ters. President Truman was thcro and I found out the Republi- not only don't want Tru- man to have a balcony, they're try In n to tnke his seat. Hut I can understand why these correspondents Invited me here. They wanted to see the only ruy In tho country who sprviilatnd In corn and way with It. New Delhi The Indian press said today Indian troops In northern Kashmir state have killed over Moslem Invaders in a, major battle, including two offi- cers who appeared to bo foreigners. Stories dntcllncd Jammu, capital of Kashmir's southern Jnmmu province, said the slain were among probably invaders attacking In waves in a major drive on Noa- shera, about 50 miles northwest of there. The attackers were put to flight with machine gun fire and hand- to-hand -TlKhtlnu, the dispatches re- ported, anci Indian troops undertook an aggressive mopup. An official military spokesman in New Delhi said, "all we know here now is that a major action took place In the forward area of Noa- shera and the Invaders suffered heavy losses. From what we know, losses of do not seem an exag- geration. but of course we are not in a position to confirm that until we get full reports from the front." Indian and Kashmir-state forces have been fighting Moslem tribes- men in Kashmir since last October. India, in which the state now is victims were by an explosion is brought out of the Sunshine mine relatives, friends nnd curious onlookers stand by._ The and right shifts were (A.P. wlrephoto to The Rcpubllcan-1 Pope Urges Scientists To Use Atomic Bomb For Peaceful Projects Vatican City Pope Pius XII described the atom bomb inaia, m wmcn UIL- swiw; Sunday nlRhl; as "the most terrible arm tlmt trie mind of man Included, has accused neighboring jms dcvl.iocl" and urged scientists to turn atomic energy to "iiklKtimuof Hupportlng the trlbcn-1 en. Tho dispute in before the in an address before the Pontifical Scientific United Nations security council. In India, two rival Moslem or- ganizations were under government ban today in the latest aftermath to the assassination of Moliandivs K. Oandhi. The Khaksars and the Moslem league national guard were outlaw- ed throughout India Sunday. The home ministry said tho reason Is that they have contributed to com- munal strife. It accused the guard also of aiming at "disintegrating the country." They are the first Moslem groups declared Illegal in Hindu- led India. The Hindu Rashtrija Swayam Sevak Sangh (R.S.S.S. national ___ volunteer corps) was outlawed and funny books. humanity await Boy Forgives Father for Beating Him Plymouth. Mam. Nine- year-old Alfred Llndberg today for- gave his father who is accused of beating him into and offered to send to the jail his Wednesday. The government plained its "cult of violence has claimed many including Qaiidhi. That was two days after announcement of a general ban on private armies and groups preach- ing hate. KlNlo Wnlff, 400-l'oiind Hpln.itur, died In tills Junk-packed squalid room In the barricaded house In Lynnbrook, N. Y. She and her sister locked themselves away ten years ago. (A.P. Wlrephoto to Tho Republican-Herald.) said thc surviving sister, Edith, 47, who had cared for the semi-Invalid sisters, their neighbors snid, Lynbrook. N. Y. A rag- wrapped 400-pound of two reputedly wealthy Sunday in the barricaded and junk- locked themselves In the kitchen filled house where they had retired from the world ten years nfto. A doctor had to climb through n kitchen window to reach the body of Elsie Wolff, 43, who apparently died of n heart attack. Police then battered down the nailed and bolted rear door of the crumbling, two-story, five-room frame hounc. "Mother wanted to llvo after the death of their father, Harry, a well-to-do LynbrooU, Long Island, merchant. Their mother, Lena, died about 20 years ago. The house was without electricity, gas or writer. A kerosene stove in the kitchen was the only comfort. A relative estimated thc sisters' total wealth nt S100.000. Police found a bankbook .showing n bal- ance oC Thc little boy wrote thc note of forgiveness in Jordan hospital, when; his name Is on tho daiiKiir list. Dr. Victor RngonetLI said the youngster was a mass of bruises from head to foot, but is expected to recover. "Dear wrote young fred. I through Haw nrc you? I am feeling well. I have my Blybel. Do you want, Do you wiint'n. funny boolc? I will give you the names of my funny books." The boy became weak ns he halt or curb the use of always new nnd always more surprising scien- tific Scientists Hear Address Scientists from the United States, Italy, Eire, Austria, Belgium and Portugal heard the Papal address. Several cardinals nnd diplomatic representatives to thc Holy Sec also were present al; tho ceremony. In Conslstorlal hall. Referring to St. Augustine's cri- ticism of war, the Pontiff snid If past conflicts deserved so severe a censure, "with what voice should we now judge those thnt have struck our generations and bent to the service of tholr works of destruction nnd a tcchnlnun in- comparably more The Pope described recent scien- tific advances as "a marvelous con- quest of human Intellect, thut stu- Super-Defense In Air Urged By Joe Martin Den Molnen House Speaker Joseph W. Martin, Jr., (R.-Mass.) today called for "a super-defense In the air" to meet any emergency. "We must have the most modern and the most scientific defense ever devl.srd by Mnrl.tln told Iowa Republicans In an nddrcss. prepared for delivery at a Lincoln day lunch- con. "Such a defense is going to be he ndded. Martin's about defense climaxed n, primarily agricultural speech in which he observed that "farmers are now making money" and he said he was glad of It. "We all realize that under condi- tions in the world as they are today, %vc must have a defense wholly adequate to meet any sort of emer- gency which may arise." the O.O.P. House leader declared. "Tills means 4 super-defense In. the air." Martin challenged what he called "the' statement by authoritative spokesmen of the administration that the 80th Congress, by n pinch- penny policy, had destroyed our nnl.lorml defense and had caused it to become about n firth-rato de-" He said the lost session authorized the air services to spend more than President Truman asked Idles and Investigates the laws of Jn budget, nnd reduced the bringing humanity with m.nlort .services budget "only roads." strained to write more; then he tore a page from u prayer PHKC containing the. Lord's prayer. He handed them Captain Ruth Nelester of the Salvation Army, who was at the bedside, and asked her to deliver them. Charles Llndberg, 39, was- jailed two days ago on charge of assault with intent to murder his son. Police charged he beat the boy with a kitchen chair as punishment for running away. Dr. Ragoncttl said the boy was in critical condition from loss of blood when taken to the hospital. He suffered minor fractures of the skull and addition to severe body bruises. Alfred is one of four Lincibcrg children. Police said the pnrents nro Mipimtf.nrl and children llvn thu father. Weather FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Mostly cloudy nnd a little warmer tonight and Tuesday. Snow beginning to- night and continuing Tuesday. Low- est in the city tonight five below; in thc rural areas, ten below. High Tuesday 18-20 above. Minnesota: Mostly cloudy tonight "May II. give more noble concep- tions." hi: The Pontiff wild the diversion of iitnmtc energy to works of pence "should be well regarded ns an in- vestigation and application, truly gciiinl, of those laws of nature that regulate the intimate essence and activity of Inorganic innl.ti'r." Ji-wlsh Charily The Pope today invoked holy blessings on Jewish charity efforts. The Pontiff received a delegation of 28 American-Jewish leaders in Europe to survey the problem of Jewish displaced persons. The survey is part of the United Jewish appeal, seeks to raise toU J.H ofnt, or "Now. if 11 reduction of knocked our niitlomil down lo fifth place, whut they do "which this year I to aid Jews in Europe and Palestine. The Pope, speaking in English, said: "We gladly Invoke the bless- ing of God most high on all char- itable endeavors you may under- take in His name." The delegation, which represents Jewish organizations in 16 Ameri- can cities, is scheduled, to leave for Palivil.ini' In limped. Jewish progiVN.s and'imMit there. East Coast Oil Exports to Halt Washington The Com- merce department ndvlscd Repre- sentative Ropers (R.-Mass.l. today it will hnlt oil shipments from thc ___n East const to foreign countries dur- with occasional light snow" nnd liotjing the fuel shortage, so cold south portion. Tuesday I Mrs. Rogers told the House of thc partly cloudy with little change in department's word to her. temperature. Halting shipments from the East temperature. Wisconsin: Mostly cloudy south and partly cloudy north portion to- ht and Tuesday with light snow southwest and extreme south portions tonight. Not quite so cold tonight. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at noon Sunday: Maximum, 10: minimum, noon, 1; precipitation, none. For the 24 hours ending at 32 m. today: Maximum. 1: minimum, noon, 1: precipitation, none: nun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Prcc. ncmldji 1 Chlcngo 15 Denver 39 DCS Moines IS Int. Falls Kansas City 18 Los Angc'cs C.r> Miami 11 Mpls. St. Paul New Orleans 05 New York 35 Seattle 46 phoenix Washington WlnnlpoK 63 -17 14 __2 20 G 72 M 44 11 36 29 coast would not mean refusing to let foreign countries have any Amer- ican oil. Oil still could be .shipped from Gulf and Pacific ports. with the appropriated for the national he asked. Martin also said the present Con- gress "intends to cut spending nnd cut tuxes" nnd declared all proposals for ISuropcnn and Asiatic help would be examined "very care- fully." Late Bulletins iyP) The British. army announced today synagoR-ue in the Tel Aviv-Jaf- fa border area damaged when thr military Mew up an urt Joining lion no minpncliMl of helm ft Milperii1 neot. The army said: "On searching the iroiruc. guns, magailnei and grenades were discovered under- neath a rostrum." Philadelphia W> Grccnbcrg has turned down an offer to play for the Philadel- phia. Athletics and decided to retire from baseball an ac- tive player. Earl Mack, nnt manager of the dis- closed today. Little The Arkan- sas supreme court today de- clined to set aside an earlier opinion Invalidating di- vorced icranted a woman Judge. Truman Schedules Trip To Caribbean Countries Washington ni ur man plans to visit Puerto Rico, thc Virgin islands and Cuba this month. The White House announced to- dny the President will lly from Washington on the islands tour February 20. He is to address the Jefferson-Jackson dinner here the night before. He will spend the night of Feb- ruary 20 at the submarine base at Key West, nnd lly the next iy to Sail After lunch" that day. a reception .20 and a dinner, he board the ..'presidential yacht, TJ.S.S. Wllliams- .76'burg, and depart at 3 a. m. ..'February 22, for St. Thomas, Vlr- l.sliiiidx. ..I Jhi will luavu St, ThoimiB on thu February the Virgin islands, for a reception Februnry 25 and lunch with offi- cials there. At p. m. (C.S.T.) thc same day, he will snil for the American navnl base nt Gunnlannmo, Cuba, where he is due to arrive at 7 a. m, (C.S.T.) Februnry 25. Mr. Truman will inspect thc na- val base nnd leave by plane at 1 p. m. (C.S.T.) for Key West for nn extended visit. Tentative plans call for thc Pres- ident to remain at thc naval base until March 5. Presidential Press Secretary Charles Ross snid the icnRth of his stay at Key West will depend, however, on developments in Waiihliittton. Emergency Fuel Awaited; 5 Dealers Out Severe Cold Cuts Existing Situation Critical Winona nppenred to be near bottom or Its fuel oil barrel today ns thc new cold wave drove tem- peratures In thc city down to 14 below zero over the weekend ana the mayor decided to set up m cmerRency fuel oil office. Five dealers were reported entire- ly out; by 10 a. m. Mayor John Drucy had received over 20 tele- phone calls, moist of them from people in emergency situations In the bitterly cold weather; every- where oil was the topic of. con- versation. One Wlnona store opened up sev- eral hours late this morning of the shortage. That was department store, 63 West Third street, which ran out of oil Sunday, got delivery early this mominir but postponed opening of the store until the large building was warmed again. Another store, F. W. Wcolworth Company. 62 East Third street, WM closed down until noon, but that shutdown was caused by trouble, not the fuel oil shortage. One dealer advised the mayor to declare an but mayor said thnt he had already done so when he asked Governor Luther W. Youngdahl lor help law lost week. This noon the mayor talked to Jnmes W, Clark, state fuel con- servator, and noked him for help. but Clurk lolil him that no "pool" allocation could made until city is entirely without fuel oil. The mayor said that four or dealers still had oil, and thnt, per- haps, their oil would last less than a week. orrice Set UP 'I hnve no oil for said the mayor, "but today I am establishing a fuel oil office In the city engineer's office In the city building and if an emergency ship- ment is received applications will processed there. I advise needy onsen to make application there. Perhaps we can get some." City Engineer Carl W. Frank, mct- Ing for the mayor In the fuel oil crisis. Immediately requested any oil dealers who may "miraculously" have a surplus of oil for distribution to needy cases to report such sur- plus to him. If n "pool of oil" IK secured, aald the mnyor, n. form will be printed in which needy persons may apply for an emergency allotment. Winona was not nlone In crisis. Lanesboro wns reported to in dire straits, and In St. Paul Clark termed the hiumtlon n adding thnt the worst yet to come. He snld the state will be ivll out of oil before March 15 if the present rate of consumption continues. Clark urged conservation and con- version to coal and wood, which hna boon the continued recommendation of Mnyor Druey. Sunday Clark win even Joined by an oil dealer in recommendation for conversion. It came from H. F. Horning, executive secretary of the Northwest Petrol- eum association. Homing and Clark, agreed con- servation alone could not get state through the winter. Conver- sion is required, they contended. When Horning was asked about the emergency shipments promised to Governor Youngdahl by the oil companies Horning said that they arc "only a drop in the bucket, and what's more, they're still only commi Clark snid the state terminals have on hand about, gal- lons now, a impply which is dwin- dling About gallons am burned each day m Mlnnenotn. he snid. Ho also urged farmers to dig out unused coal or wood stoves and loon them to townspeople. Be Out of OH to Qualify for Aid St. Paul The state emer- gency fuel oil allocation commlttM advised Minnesota communities to- day that no emergency shipments can be made to any towns where there still is n. supply of oil. Telegrams" rx> that effect were sent to 14 of 27 places which sent appeals for aid over the weekend. Floyd Lucben. assistant state fuel conservator, wild a check still show- ed that the 14 Ktill liad some oil. In each of these cases the mayor was sent tills telegram: "Extent of the emergency re- quires that each community pool available oil. The committee cannot nend emergency ship- mrnU until your nvnJlulilo nup- jily U at Uin danjrr Irvrl." The wire added that It In duty of the mayor In each commu- nity to see that oil IK pooled and distributed to those most in need. Luebcn said a check revealed that one community, which asked emer- gency aid still had more than 75.000 gallons on hand. Counting latest coses of real need. Luebcn said there arc between 50 and 60 communities in the state where the fuel oil supply is at or near the danger level. Emergency shipments arc being new to these us fast as possible. Meanwhile, Governor Luther Youngdahl arranged to go on the radio Tuesday night to outline the entire situation nnd renew Ms ap- peal for conservation nnd conversion other fuels.' ;