Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 6, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Partly Cloudy, Colder Tonight And Saturday Help Your Heart Fund Help Your Heart VOLUME 52, NO. 299 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 6, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES This Rare Picture of a jet plane crash was taken last Sep- tember at the Faraborough Air Show in England. The amateur photographer who took it, H. H. J..0rr, rushed his film to crash investigators, who held it for study until recently. Orr then won a prize with it in a London Daily Mail newspaper picture con- test. A tool-maker, Orr quit smoking to buy a camera. He took the remarkable picture with a Leica camera equipped with a long- focus lens. His exposure was of a second at f 4.5 aperture. He was 25 to 30 yards from the crash scene. The plane, a De Havilland 110 Jet fighter, disintegrated as the pilot leveled off after a dive in which he crashed the sound barrier. The twin booms splintered apart and the cockpit hurtled on and crashed into a runway at the split second this picture was taken. Identifiable ob- jects included: 1. Body of Pilot John Derry or Engineer Tony Richards; 2. cockpit canopy; 3. ejection seat; 4. cockpit door; 5. rear section of canopy. (AP Wirephoto from Life Magazine to The Republican-Herald) Hope of Tax Cut Is Fading Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON word is go- ing out from the White House that the most significant passage in President Eisenhower's message on the State of the Union was the warning against any reduction in tax revenue at this time. The Pres- ident was not just reproving the House Ways and Means Commit- tee for its impulsive move to cut personal income taxes. He may even be forced to ask for tem- porary -renewal of the cumber- some, unjust, and widely detested excess profits tax. Whatever decision is finally taken, the rethinking of tax policy that is now in process is the most significant event of the Eisenhow- er administration to date. It means that President Eisenhower and his advisers are really getting to grips with the gigantic and intractable problems that confront them. What has happened is fairly sim- ple. Perhaps because it is always Pay-as-You-Go Budget Sought By JACK BELL and WILLIAM F. ABROGAST WASHINGTON HI The Eisenhower administration scribed as aiming today at a pay-as-you-go spending budget, with sharp cutbacks in prospect for funds voted by Congress in past years. Congress members who have talked with Budget Director Joseph M. Dodge said they gained the impression that an unofficial ceiling of was de amount of ex- pected be placed on Treasury spending in the fiscal year beginning July 1. This would represent a cut of nearly 10 billion dollars under the outgo estimated by former Presi- dent Truman in his budget mes- sage. It would balance the budget if there were no cuts in taxes. In this connection, Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey, Dodge Tugboat Strike Still Paralyzes N. Y. Waterfront NEW YORK UP) Most of the world's biggest waterfront still was paralyzed by a strike today despite a court order ousting tugboat pickets from the city's piers. Members of the waterfront's all- powerful AFL International Long- ___________ shoremen's Association (ILA) took Union message on Monday that Grand Jury to Indict Triple Murder Suspect GLENCOE, Minn. UP) Mc- Leod County attorney said today he will ask District Judge Harold Flynn Monday to call a grand jury to consider indicting Arthur Meli- char, young farmer charged with murder in a triple slaying near I vice. Farm Price Support Cut Indicated New Program Aims at Full Parity Prices By OVID A. MARTIN WASHINGTON H! Long rang Earm policies of the Eisenhower ad ministration will depend less on controversial agricultural price sup port programs than those deyelopec under past Democratic administra tions. This was made clear Thursday by Secretary of Agriculture Benson at his first news conference. Present farm programs, as en acted under RooseveLt and Truman administrations, make price sup. ports the major mechanism for stabilizing farm prices. These pro- "grams are due to continue through 1954. Long-Range Programs Benson said, however, that in the meantime, "there will be formu- lated long-range programs which will more fully and effectively ac complish our over-all objectives." Those objectives, the new farm chief said, will be full parity prices and incomes for farm people in the market place, with a minimum of government restrictions. The question of price supports is one of the most controversial issues facing farm leaders in and out of Congress. Some and they include many Republi- to keep present high- level supports for an indefinite per- iod. Farm organizations are split on the issue. Other congressmen favor return to a flexible price support system under which price floors would be high in times of crop shortages to encourage greater production and lower in times of surpluses to dis- courage overproduction. What Benson had to say about the place of price supports in a farm program was open to the in- terpretation that he favored flex- ible supports as a long-range de- Price Supports i He said price supports should Arnold Beneke, the county at-1 provide insurance against disaster Hutchinson Tuesday. Lifts All Wage Curbs L Pilots Of This Radically New Type of U. S. jet night fighter plane-----the slot down Hed planes over Korea with- out even seeing them, the Marine Corps announced in Seoul. The new Marine plane, a twin-jet built by Douglas Aircraft Co., made a secret appearance in Korea several months ago. It is equipped with an intricate radar system which locks the plane on- a target in darkness. (AP Wirephoto) torney, told the Associated Press that, if a grand jury is called, he will ask that the 26-year-old Meli- char be indicted on three counts to the farmer, should help stabi- lize national food supplies, but should not tend to prevent shifts in crop production or encourage Explosion Rocks School at Austin P of 'mJrder and have discussed the possibility of murder. a time at the excess profits tax on business which raises about 2V4 billion dol- lars yearly. This tax will expire June 30 unless renewed. Tax Cuts to Wait Without mentioning the excess profits levy specifically, President Eisenhower said in his State of the easy to be persuaded by one's own campaign oratory, the new Admin- istration at first really believed that any one who was willing to "cut out waste" could balance the budget and reduce taxes. Simply by "cutting out the billion deficit in President Tru- man's farewell budget was to be made to vanish. And at least enough slack was to be gained to "We don't know anything about any court order." Shortly after midnight a state Supreme Court justice issued an order temporarily restraining tug- boat crewmen from picketing piers. As long as the pickets are there the tugboat crewmen's fellow union members the longshoremen tax cuts should await budget bal- ancing efforts. House Speaker Jo- seph W. Martin of Massachusetts reiterated last night his opposition I W-iV tr. am, Melichar be committed excess profits tax. Real Cuts Doubtful The able and hard-working new Budget Director, Joseph Dodge, was the first of the Eisenhower appointees to come to Washington to learn the ropes. It was Dodge who had to answer the question, how much really could be saved by "cutting out waste." The dreary answer has been found to come in three parts. First, about SI billion can prob- ably be saved by economies in the normal government outlays. And it will be politically very pain- ful to save even one billion in the small but sensitive civil sector of the budget. Second, perhaps as much as S1.5 billion can be lopped off Presi- dent Truman's request of bil- lion for foreign aid. The final de- cision on foreign aid requests will await the return from Europe of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and Mutual Security Direc- tor Harold Stassen. Yet the fact remains that deep cuts in the foreign aid program will undermine the great structure of NATO defense, of which Presi- dent Eisenhower himself laid the foundations. Furthermore, actual increases of some types of foreign aid are almost certainly unavoid- larger aid to Chiang Kai- shek; for a bolder program in In- dochina; and quite possibly for a greater effort to solve the men- acing problem of the Middle East. The judge said he considered the picketing an illegal secondary boy- cott against the passenger and freight shipping lines which are not involved in the labor dispute. To be official the order must be served, however. And the problem was how copies could be served to to any immediate tax reduction, Martin said on a television pro- gram that Secretary of State Dul- les had told him he could "cut the State Department almost in two." "He can do Martin added. Saying there are other places where savings can be accom- plished, Martin went on: "We have got to cut taxes but I believe it is good, humble common sense to ap- proach the reductions of appropri- ations first." Dulles' reported determination to halve his department was held out as a target for all federal agen- cies today by Rep. Taber tions Committee. Melichar is held in the McLeod County jail here on a coroner's warrant charging murder. He was arrested after the fatal shooting of his widowed mother, Mrs. Mary Melichar, 70; her invalid son, San- ford, 22, and a neighbor, Rodney Mosel, 16. Carl Baumetz, 53, a fourth vic- tim of the shootings, remained hos- pitalized at Hutchinson, but was taken off the critical list. e said he will not ask that to a men- tal institution. He said though that if Melichar is indicted by a grand jury, Judge Flynn then could said, should they sidize inefficiency in agriculture. These are arguments often made by proponents of flexible supports and foes of high-level, inflexible supports. Subsidies should be avoided, Ben- son said. "Too many he said, "are calling on Washington to do for them what they should be will- ing to do for themselves." Benson said the GOP farm pol- icy will emphasize further devel- opment of both domestic and for- eign markets for farm products. A decline in overseas demands in such products has contributed to recent farm price setbacks. AUSTIN, Minn. Wl A terrific explosion today wrecked the 000 eln Grade school here, injuring eight workmen, one of them crit- mained standing were bulged out, Most of the roof was caved in. The structure will have to be rebuilt from scratch. Critically hurt was George E. ically. The explosion came just a Spicer, 36, 268 Elm, St. Paul, one few days before students were to I of several workmen that had been occupy the building. Teachers in the adjacent older structure took over and quickly had nearly 400 students file outside to safety. In most instances they gathered up wraps as they left. Some 50 smaller youngsters, nearer _- i (.wuaj uj -lausr v-tv-iviy, pckets spread over scores of miles I chairman of the House Appropria- along the waterfront. The order was obtained by coun- sel for 67 shipping companies, in- cluding many of the world's larg- est. It is effective pending a hear- ing next Tuesday. Waste Material Of Pork Needed, Consumers Told AUSTIN, Minn. house- wife's habit of looking upon fat the addition, immediately were sent to exits and their teachers later carried out the coats and caps. The addition, under construction for nearly a year, was destroyed. Those wall sections which re- refer Melichar to psychiatrists for Earlier Secretary Benson said an examination. j recent declines in farm prices do not constitute an emergency re- quiring special government action. He expressed belief at his first 1 news conference as secretary that there will be no further marked decline in prices in the near future. Benson said cattle prices, which have dropped the most in recent weeks, should stabilize soon and possibly strengthen. No requests for government fi- tor said here. Taber has called for overall cuts E. F Ferrin head of the ani of at least 10 billions in the next! fiscal objective he said will require the full co-operation of every agency. linial husbandry department at the Uni- versity of Minnesota, addressed farmers attending the Minnesota- Iowa Swine Institute. fle his views on the "fact" Senate Vote Assures Wisconsin Reapportionment Referendum What About Defense Third, and finally, there is the largest single item in the Tru- man billion for de- (Continued on Page 9, Column 1.) ALSO PS Duluth Polio Victim Has Son DULUTH, Minn. Mrs. Thom- as Ward, 22, polio victim paralyzed from her shoulders down, gave birth in an iron lung today to a 4-pound boy. The baby arrived on Mrs. Ward's 22nd birthday. She has been since Nov. 3. a polio patient MADISON a vote of 18-11, the Wisconsin Senate concurred today in an assembly resolution calling for area-population reap- portionment of Senate districts. The issue now goes to state citizens at the April 7 election. A 13-hour filibuster in the Wis- consin Senate ended early today when a handful of Democrats and a few Republicans who are bucking a resolution for area-population re- apportionment were ou'tmaneu- vered. The er.d of the marathon talkfest came suddenly about Sen. Knowles, Republican floorleader, ?ot the floor when opponents of the resolution for a constitutional change grew slightly careless. He moved adjournment and won, 22 to 3. Opponents tried for a call of the 3ouse on adjournment move but failed because Knowles had all of bis forces present. The senators bucking area and population reapportionment, plan- ned to continue their fight today and had a new roadblock prepared that was to be tossed in when the Senate reconvened. They contend the wording of the resolution which already has pass- ed the Assembly is faulty in that it would set up election of assem- blymen this November instead of in 1954. ed at 9 a. m. Thursday. After a brief morning and a two- hour adjournment in the afternoon Sen. Nelson (D-Madison) said he the session continued until after would offer an amendment to the midnight. Convince Others resolution to change the wording If he can convince others that his interpretation of the resolution is correct, it would have to go back to the Assembly, and the fighi would have to start all over again. Nelson believed a change in the resolution wording also might mean work of the 1951 Legislature m passing it for the first time also would be undone. The wording under question in ;he resolution is: "The members of the Assembly ihall be chosen biennially, by sin- gle districts on the Tuesday suc- ceeding the first Monday of No- vember after a'doption of this amendment y Those are the same words that are in the original constitution They applied then to set up elec- tions in even numbered years. Now, however, by leaving the words "after adoption of this amendment" in the resolution, it would provide, Nelson said, that the elections be held this Novem- ber. Sen Maier (D-Milwaukee) led the fight on the resolution that start Dramatize Importance Purpose of the filibuster was to dramatize importance of the reso- lution, -Maier said. He conceded his forces did not have enough votes to prevent passage of the resolu- tion in the Senate but if he coulc focus considerable attention on ii the resolution might be defeatec in April. The resolution would change the constitution to provide that Senate be redistricted on the basis of population and area and that the Assembly be reapportioned by population. Maier and other speakers buck- ing the resolution claim it would deprive heavily populated areas of rightful representation. Their long speeches held fairly close to this line. At times some of the senators got off the subject slightly only to be brought back promptly when Republicans who "avor the resolution objected. Under Senate rules, the discus- ion must be limited to the subject t hand and there can be no read- ing from manuscripts except by unanimous consent that the nation's economy is soum He said that soundness was marke by full employment and high in come. Benson said today, in reply I an inquiry, he saw no parallel be tween recent farm price which have amounted to 11 pe cent during the past 12 and price setbacks which precede the severe farm depression of th 30's. He said he endorsed the idea o government price supports at lev els which would prevent undue dis aster. He declined, however to say at what levels he believed price; should be supported. He promisee that the department' would carry out price support commitments an( requirements of present legislation Two Senate Democrats Wednes day accused Benson of inaction and declared the governmen should take swift steps to bolster the prices of beef cattle. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy tonight and Saturday. Cold- er tonight. Low tonight 19, high Saturday 31. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 37; minimum, 24; noon, 30; precipitation, .07 (1 inch of sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp, 34 at p. m.- Thursday, min. 25 at a. m. :oday. Noon over- cast at feet, wind 16 miles per hour from west, visibility 15 29.66 steady, hu- midity 87 per cent. War of Nerves Against Reds Launched by Ike By DON WHITEH6AD WASHINGTON H) President Eisenhower already has opened his promised campaign of psychol- ogical warfare against the Com- munists. The first move has been to keep the Reds guessing about the pre- cise mission of the U. S. Seventh Fleet in Far Eastern waters. And in the future, it was learned today on good authority, the Presi- dent can be expected to try to de- velop psychological warfare into a major part of the hot and cold wars against the Communists. "We're not going to telegraph all our punches to the one source asking anonymity said. "The Reds have held the initiative for years in psychological warfare we intend to. take it from them." Eisenhower told Congress in bis State of the Union message Mon- day that he was issuing instruc- ion.s which would remove the Seventh Fleet as a "shield" for the Communists of Red China. One effect of such a move would be to clear the way for Chiang Kai- shek's Chinese Nationalist troops o raid the China mainland from Tormosa. But even though Eisenhower aid "I am issuing instructions'1 o the fleet, not one official word has been said as to whether the rders already have been issued r just what the fleet may have ieen directed to do. doing plumbing and carpentering in the wing. Spicer and seven others were taken to St. Olaf Hos- pital. The other victims: Ray Mallon, Albert Lea, hand bruised and cut. Everett Olson, Austin, leg frac- ture. Samuel C. Hoag, Austin, head in- juries and scalp lacerations. Ernest Wolfe, Austin, back in- jury and possible internal injuries. Art Titus, Austin, arm, head and hand burns. Roy Bakken, Austin, minor cut: and bruises. Lee Vocker, St. Paul, architect- ural supervisor for Toltz, King and Day, Inc., St. Paul architectural firm, hospitalized for examination. Cause of the explosion was a mystery. The blast was set off when Titus was putting asbestos on a' steam pipe. The bulb of an exten- sion light broke and the explosion ripped the building. Puzzled as to what it was that exploded were L. S. Harbo, super- intendent of schools; John Tobar, Austin fire chief, and Emil Scheid, plumbing contractor. All pointed out that there was no natural gas outlet in the new building. They also noted that no sewer line was near the place where the explosion occurred, ruling out the possibility that sewer gas may have explodec Painting was about all that re mained before work was complei ed. The addition was to hav< opened next week. J. Edgar Hoover Supports Better Pay for Police WASHINGTON J. Edgar Questioning at several sources ncovered hints that the .secrecy round the fleet orders in all prob- bility will be duplicated in other uture moves as far as possible. It is said congressional leaders fill be consulted on major actions nd that Eisenhower won't strike ut on a course while keeping Con- gress in the dark about what is oing on. He will do this even at le risk of which would unmask the moves. Hoover spoke up today for better pay for policemen, saying "cut- rate law enforcement will not work." The FBI director, in an article in the bureau's monthly law en- forcement said: "One factor which undoubtedly :ontributes to the prosperity of the criminal element is a police pay scale too low to maintain law enforcement forces at full strength. "Unwillingness to provide proper remuneration for the intelligence and effort required in the perfor- mance of modern police duties is a form of cut-rate law enforcement and it will not work. "The logical result is a bigger crime bill in the form of murders, robberies and all the other mani- fold in which crime can be expensive. Meat Products, Many Consumer Controls Ended Employers Free To Make Own Wage Agreements WASHINGTON (.fl _ President Eisenhower today ended all wage and salary controls. He also or- dered price controls lifted from a wide range of consumer goods, in- cluding all meat products. A White House statement said the President took the actions ia a move "toward eliminating in an orderly fashion the price and wage controls under which the Ameri- can economy has been required to operate for 'the past two years." Employers Free The ending of wage and salary controls means employers and their workers are free to make any agreements they wish about pay- matters. Government regulations have, in ;ome instances, restrained employ- ers from granting wage vhen they were agreeable to hem. The controls were part of toe government's efforts to battle inflationary rise in prices and wag- s which set in sharply after the Korean War broke out in 1950. Eisenhower's order as to nd salary controls directs an im- mediate suspension "of all wage nd salary regulations and ssued by or administered by the Vage Stabilization Board (or tabilizatios Salary Itabilization. Board (or the Office f Salary Stabilization) or the Rail- oad and Airlines Wage Board." The White House statement said: "Adjustments in including retroactive adjustments, proposed in petitions filed by em- ployers or by employers and jointly and still pending before any of these agencies may now be placed in effect." Lift Price Curbs The announcement as to price controls said the Office of Price Stabilization (OPS) was issuing or- ders removing price curbs immed- iately from "a wide and varied list of consumer goods, including all meat products, all furniture, all apparel, all meals sold in restau- rants and public eating places It said the price order affects "nearly all of the thousands of items normally sold in department stores, and many more." The statement said, as Eisen- hower did in his State of the Union message Monday, that price con- trols "have not been effective in protecting t h e family budget against high prices." The OPS decontrol order was described as the first of a series "under which all prices will be decontrolled." The wage-price control law ex- pires April 30, and Eisenhower an- nounced Monday that he would not ask for its renewal. Tie President's executive order was made public immediately after le had met for two hours with lis cabinet, presumably to review the impending actions. About employes of the Wage and Salary Stabilization Boards al- ready have been given 30-day dis- missal notices as a step toward winding up those agencies Thursday OPS took price ceil- ings off all automobiles made be- fore 1946. About of these are still on the roads. Cases Lifting of wage controls had been urged by big labor which argued that wages had been controlled more successfully than prices. The lifting of the controls means probably as many as a million workers will get quick pay boosts This is money most of them prob. ably would have received anyway. But the negotiated increases have seen suspended pending wage ward consideration. Some may iave been partly disapproved. The figure of a million workers Continued on Page 3, Column 4.) IKE All Controls On Tin Lifted WASHINGTON H) _ The govern- ment today revoked all controls ver the use, sale, shipment and .ccumulation of tin. The National Production Autbor- y, announcing the move, said it 'as made possible by improve- ments in tin supplies which will ermit the meeting of full mili- ary and civilian needs.