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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 5, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Mostly Cloudy, Not Much Change In Temperature St. Mary's vs. St. Thomas Tonight 8 p. m. VOLUME 51, NO. 297 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 5, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES U.N. Vote Postpones Korea Issues Pentagon Gambling Russ Won't Start War Until '55 WASHINGTON Lfl Senator O'Mahoney (D-Wyo) said today that, top Pentagon leaders are gambling that Soviet Russia will not touch off another World war "until 1954 or 1955." "I want to be more certain that meanwhile we have a defense pro- gram that allows us to keep up with the Russians in, air O'Mahoney told a reporter. H e offered these comments as he asked Sec- i retary of Defense A Lovett and the Army, Navy and Air Force secre- taries to return for a second day of public testi- mony on the mili- tary budget for Sen- the next fiscal year starting July 1. O'Mahoney is chairman of the appropriations subcommittee hand ling the huge spending bill. Must Win Cold War Lovett made it plain yesterday that the multi-billion dollar de- fense program is far short of the totals asked by the military chiefs. He also testified that original goals for production of aircraft, tanks and other military "hard goods" had been cut back sharply. The secretary said that in pre- paring "against the dangers of a hot war, we must not be trapped by our efforts into losing the cold one." "We have tried to eliminate the fat as far as he said. "I am fearful that we have cut into the muscle in some places." O'Mahoney said the gamble that Russia does not plan an immediate war was evident in Lovett's tes- timony about production of air- craft for the Air Force and Navy. The senator said the present schedule calls for deliveries through 1954 and into 1955. Elizabeth Frazer, right, of South Euclid, O., and Beverly Bass- ford of Pecos, Tex., try out their foot work for some square dancing at last night's Republican rally in Washington. Both Taft sup- porters, the two girls were among the first to take the floor for the square dancing which wound up the night's porgram. (A.P. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) Taft Campaign Brisk at Capital Rally WASHINGTON parlayed a chicken box supper. entertainment and speechmaking into a whopping, five-hour political rally. Nobody knows how many people showed up for the Lincoln day get-together last night in Georgetown University's gymnasium. But Ralph Duncan, in charge of passing out chicken, said he had over ran out. In theory, the GOP rally was neutral in its choice of a presidential long as he was a Republican, of course. In practice, there was a quite of bit of jockeying for position between the sup- porters of Sen. Taft of Ohio and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. The Taft forces got away to a got fast start. They marched around with placards reading, "We're for "Taft for a Clean and "Taft for President." Rep. Bender who ap- pears to be the musical director of the Taft organization, busily led the singing. This included, "I'm Looking Over a Four-Leaf Clover, used four years ago by the Taft supporters and still seemingly the official song. Then the Eisenhower adherents moved in. They came out with "Eisenhower for President" and "We Like Ike" signs. Immediately there was a brisk set-to in front of the stage. The Taft people got the Eisen- hower people into a corner and used the Taft placards in an ef- fort to bat down the Eisenhower placards. When order was .restored, the Eisenhower song, "I Like was sung. That's the one by Irving Berlin which winds up: "Leffs take Ike, a. man we all like, Tried and true, Courageous, strong and human, Why, even Harry Truman, Says, 'I like Ike'." I didn't spot any signs for either Gov. Earl Warren of California or Harold Stassen, former governor of Minnesota, probably because neither has a strong local setup in Washington. But one fellow had a "Dirksen for President" sign, a tribute to Sen. Dirksen Rep. Leonard W. Hall of New York sounded the battle cry against the Truman administration when he said: "No administration which at- tempts to corrupt the people with their own money can itself be in- corrupt, and it should be removed from power at the first opportunity. "If we in the Republican party meet these issues courageously and constructively, the American peo- ple will do their part with a land- slide vote that will sweep a Repub- lican president into office and give him a Republican Congress to do the job right." Lovett said the defense produc- tion throttle is "set somewhere be- tween wide-open, which is war, and tight-shut, which has been our previous habit in peace." Could Mobilize Rapidly Lovett said there was "no evi- dence of any relaxation of the ul- timate ambitions of the Kremlin toward world domination." Truman Decides To Permit Name On N.H. Ballot Primary Will Permit Test With Kefauver WASHINGTON President Truman today decided to let his name remain on the ballot in the T> i_ -j 4.U Uttiuc remain uii uie udiiut. in uic Hampshire primary election rapid mobilization to wartime strength, if that unhappy necessity were forced upon us." O'Mahoney noted that original defense requests amounted to 102 billion dollars. Lovett said these had been cut as a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination. The White House made public a letter in which the President said he had' yielded to the request of Chairman Frank McKinney of the Democratic National Committee and "many good Democrats in back first to 71 billions, later to I New who are "of the 55 and finally to about 52. Under questions, the secretary said some of these funds could not be spent until 1954 or 1955 because it takes that long to complete a heavy bomber or ship. He said failure to provide new funds would not slow down the line producing aircraft but would shut it off. The secretary said he could not answer some questions at a public session but would later behind closed-doors. a Adenauer Denies Plan to Keep Out of NATO BONN, Germany Ger- man Chancellor Konrad Adenauer flatly denied today that he had threatened to keep West Germany out of the European army and to refuse an Allied "peace contract" until German demands for the SAAR and for membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organiation were granted. The chancellor was reported to have made those threats at a pri- vate caucus of his Christian Democratic party here last night. A government communique is- sued today said the report of his statement "is wrong." The communi- que added that Adenauer had re- ported on the for- eign political sit- uation and refer- red to difficulties which have arisen in negotiations in the last few weeks. The earlier report of Adenauer's remarks already had touched off an angry statement in Paris by French foreign office sources, who said the Bonn governments "reg- ularly bigger demands" might keep Germany out of the family of West European nations. The German attitude, said an un- usually stern foreign office opinion distributed by the French news agency, "threatens to make un- practical the 'policy of the political integration of Germany into the Western community which had been willingly followed by the Allies." Such conditions for German par- ticipation in the European army, the statement added, "have no connection with the project." The West Germans first demand- ed NATO membership publicly as their price for European army par- ticipation on Jan, 27, at the Paris conference of the six nations draw- ing up plans for the army. At that time the demand was conceded to be a result of France's raising her high commissioner to the SAAR to the rank of ambassador, a move Germany assailed as an attempt to further pull the SAAR away from her. Adeniutr opinion that my name should be left on the ballot." Only last Thursday Truman had said he would have his name taken off the March 11 New Hampshire ballot. He said such preferential primaries are only eyewash and didn't mean anything when it came to convention time. He said at the time his decision to get out of the New Hampshire race would not preclude his run- ning for re-election, if he decided to do so. Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennes- see is entered in New Hampshire, and Truman's decision to stay in will afford something of a test be- tween them. Colombian Ship Missing Off Panama Coast PANAMA, Panama U.S. Air Force planes searched today for the Colombian schooner Gloria, missing with 18 crewmen. The planes found a red oil drum last night but no other trace of the men. Four survivors, picked up yes- terday fay the U.S. Navy Transport John F. Thorson, said the crew tried to lash four red drums to- gether for a raft but two of the drums were swept away by th> sea. The 87-foot schooner foundered last Wednesday. B-29 Crashes At March Field MARCH AIR BASE, Calif. A B-29 crashed near the edge of this big air base. The air service said it exploded. The State Division of which sent fire trucks to the scene, said it understood the plane hit a house. There was no immediate inform- ation on how many men were aboard or whether the craft was landing or taking off. German, 'Tired of Drafted by U. S. Army HOLLIS, Okla. ffl- A German farm worker who came to the United States because he was "tired of was drafted. Christian Kreuzhermes, 22, has been here only seven months. He expects soon. bis citizenship papers Col. John Villet points to Rottenburg, Germany, where he was held as a prisoner in World War II, during a hearing before a special House Committee in Washington investigating the Katyn Forest massacre of some Polish war prisoners. Van Villet told the probers he is con- vinced the Russians and not the Germans were responsible for the slaughter. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Man Gets 10 Years For Manslaughter ST. PAUL Bernard Martin- eau, 38, yesterday was sentenced to a 10-20 year term in Stillwater prison following his conviction Fri- day on a first degree manslaughter charge. He was found guilty in the fatal shooting of Michael Enrich, 27, former St. Paul boxer, last Nov. 3. Martineau claimed he shot in self defense when Enrich threat- ened him. Day of Prayer Resolution Put Before House WASHINGTON ffl Evangelist Billy Graham got quick action on his suggestion that Congress ask President Truman to proclaim a national day of prayer. Rep. Priest (D.-Tenn.) introduc- ed legislation to that effect yester- day and Rep. McCormack (D.- administration House lead- er, quoted the President as being in favor of it. Graham made the suggestion Sunday, during sermons he preach- ed from the steps of the Capitol. A crowd, estimated variously up to braved a drizzle to atten'd the religious gathering. Yesterday, Graham opened the Senate's session with a prayer. He asked divine protection for the na- tion from "barbarians beating at our gates from without and moral termites from within." The 33-year-old preacher is hold- ing a five-week revival in Washing- on. Meetings attended by thous- inds are held daily, except on Mon- Jay, at the National Guard armory through Feb. 17. Shakeup Reported In Bulgaria VIENNA, Austria shake- up, possibly a purge, within the Bulgarian government was report- ed here by Tass today. In a dispatch from Sofia, the Russian news agency said the Bul- garian Parliament approved sev- eral changes in the government. Tass said the Bulgarian Parlia- ment also approved a law model- ing the entire Bulgarian legal sys- tem after that of the Soviet Union. The Tass dispatch gave no'rea-. son for the government shakeup. Stranded 5 Get Food EMERALD BAY, LAKE TAHOE, Calif. auxiliary Coast Guard boat broke through a mile of ice yesterday to take food to a family of five, stranded in their lakeshore castle 20 days. Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Brandi and their three children, aged 2 to 6, were isolated at Vikingsholm. The beautiful stone castle formerly was a summer home of the late Laura J. Knight, widow of a Chi- cago millionaire. Refugee Fights Way Out of Russ Embassy STOCKHOLM, Sweden An athletic 25-year-old Baltic refugee fought his way out of the Soviet embassy here to- day after an alleged attempt to take him to Moscow by air. First reports said he was now being questioned by'Swed- ish police. The reports said one Soviet embassy car and two, Rus- sians on foot. set out in hot pursuit of the refugee: He ran into a factory, workers called the police, while the Russians were waiting out- side the building. The embassy car waited out- side until a police patrol car pulled up along the .curb. The two Russians then jumped in- to their diplomats' car and drove off. The story of the escape was told to reporters by Nils Wik- lund, foreman, and Engineer Ulf Ryman, of the Edstrom engineering plant in which the refuge. They said the refugee rushed into the plant and collided with sending both men rolling to the floor. The fugi- tive helped the foreman to his feet, "shouting frantically: "They are after me. Help me ft to escape. Call the police." The refugee .said he had met and befriended an Esthonian, who told him what a beautiful flat he had and asked him to come, along to see it at 10 o'clock this morning. He did not realize, he said, that the big white building was the Soviet embassy. When he entered he was at- tacked by five Russians. A sixth slit the pockets of his leather jacket with a knife to remove his passport. He quoted one of the Rus- sians as saying: "You arc our prisoner and will be taken to Bromma air- port at once for transportation to Russia. We know wbo you are and what you have been doing in Sweden." At this point the huge Lat- vian, a lumber man in Sweden for eight years, jerked his hands free, pulled a knife and fought his way to the exit. fie ran for his life through the adjacent streets, sians in dark clothes were on his' heels and behind came a Russian embassy car at full speed, with two men in the front seat. Other embassy cars followed. Four Times and Out Navy Ace Grounded After Close Calls (Editor's note: The following story, by the author of "Tales of the.South Pacific" and "Return to Paradise" was written for the Associated Press.) By JAMES A. MICHENER WITH U.S. TASK FORCE 77 OFF KOREA wv-Salty Rear Adm. John Perry, commanding the U.S. Navy's Task Force 77 off the east coast of Korea, decided that the bald eagle of the Essex had done enough. "No man in this task force is required to risk his life more than four times in a Perry growled yesterday afternoon. He laid plans forthwith to stop the bravest man in the Navy from flying any more low level missions against the Chinese Communists. "This fellow has been shot down into the ocean said Perry. "He had floated in icy waters where other men have frozen to death. He had brought an almost shattered plane into an emergency landing field. And he has limped back to this carrier on a plane containing 59 holes through the wings and body. From now on he's to do paperwork." man Perry referred to is 35-year-old Cmdr. Paul N. Cray of St. John, Kan., squadron leader of Fighter Squadron 54. Gray is completely bald, very handsome and apparently without fear. He flies the Navy's heavy AD fighter-bomber. His specialty is going in low for some North Korean bridge or railroad train, flying through heavy flak and getting whatever he goes after. In the past months he has flown nearly a hundred missions against some of the toughest flak concentrations in the world. The first time he went into the freezing ocean, where exposure kills a man in less than 20 minutes, was after a run on Hwachwang where he cut railroad tracks to prevent the Communists from bringing supplies up to their front lines. Missing a succulent locomotive he doubled back for a second run and as he laid his heavy bombs into the target, flak smashed his engine and sent flames back along the cowling. Gray fought desperately to reach the sea rather than bail out into Communist hands. He made it and was picked up by a South Korean patrol boat which sailed right into Wonsan. Harbor to make the rescue. A week later Gray spotted a cave into which the Communists had run their railroad engines for protection. He faced a difficult decision. His heavy bombs could get the engines if he went real low, but since their fuses were set for high-level work he would run the risk of blowing himself up, too. He took the risk, laid his eggs perfectly, then felt his plane shot into the air by his own bomb blasts. His plane was. practically torn apart. This time he figured that anything was better than hitting the ocean again, so he fought for altitude and drifted south to an emergency making it as his engine cut out. The mechanics said, "This plane can't fly again and the pilot oughtn't to." Four days later Gray came back from Korea shot up even worse. This time he had 59 holes through his crate and elected to bring it back to his home carrier, the Essex. They gave him a clear deck and stood back to await the crash. He wheeled his heavy bomber in with- out a tremor. After this experience he said, "Those boys over in Korea are getting closer each time." Nevertheless he went-out the next week. This time, he had a big day and shot up North Korea for a pretty wide stretch but, as he headed home a 37 m.m. (shell) got him right in the engine. He was about ten miles from the sea and coaxed bis plane in on a long glide. When the destroyer Gregory got to him his hands were frozen and he, was suffering from exposure but as soon as he got aboard he asked to be transferred immediately to the Essex, where next morning he conducted bis usual briefing for the members of his squadron. As a result of this fourth escape from death, Perry decided that the bald eagle of the Essex bad had enough. But this morning, before the word got to Gray, he was off again in the bitter cold morning light, with a 45 mile wind whipping icy spray across the deck of his carrier. I was in the wardroom when the sickening news was broadcast, ''Commander Gray has been shot down. He landed in the ocean off Wonsan but bas not yet been recovered." An anguished hush fell over the Essex. Card games stopped. Men knew that no pilot could expect, to survive those waters times running. A young kid next to me started to pray. Then further: details were announced; "Commander Gray was flying low to strafe positions north of Munchon. .His propeller was ripped off by.a .50 caliber fire. There is no news of-his rescue." Then came the astonishing news, "The destroyer Twining has succeeded in picking up Commander Gray out of the ocean off Wonsan." The card games resumed.- A comedian posted a.big sign, "Use caution when ditching damaged airplanes in Wonsan Harbor. Don't hit Commander'.Gray." And on the Twining the bald eagle of-the Essex was arguing that he had to get back to his carrier. When he gets there it won't do him any good. For Admiral Perry has announced, "From now Paper v- I World Assembly Adjourns With Western Victory Political Issues Delayed Until After Korean Armistice PARIS ifl Sixth General Assembly of the United Nations adjourned today after voting a fin- al overwhelming approval of the Western plan to postpone discus- sion of Korean political issues un- til an armistice. President Luis Padilla Nervo of Mexico banged the final gavel at p.m. after receiving tributes from Sec. Gen. Trygve Lie and many leading delegates for his handling of the three-month ses- sion. The assembly also expressed gratitudes to France and the French people for -their hospital- ity. The last formal act was to ob- serve a minute 'of silent prayer. The Western victory was the fin- al major act of the sixth assem- bly session, which began last Nov. 6. Triumph for West Today's vote was 51 in favor, 5 against and 2 abstentions. It marked a triumph for the position taken by the United States, Britain and France that any U.N. discussion of Korea now could only hamper the progress of truce talks at Panmunjom. By its vote, the assembly repudiated the Russian view that the U.N. should take over the talks. The resolution calls for a special session of the assembly to meet in New York as soon as a truce is declared. It also provides for an emergency session if there is no truce and events in Korea make one necessary. _ Two Main Trends The dramatic session held in the Palais de Chaillot emphasized two main trends of world politics and revealed the diplomacy which East and West are applying to them. These trends were: 1. A continuing and deepen- ing division between the Com- munist East and the Democrat- ic West. This was combined, paradoxically, with evidence that both sides are deeply wor- ried and making tentative feel- ers toward ways of easing the tension. 2. The skyrocketing rise of nationalism and self-assurance in the old colonial areas of Asia and Africa. In the opening sessita of the assembly last November, U. S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson led off by outlining a Western plan for disarmament which would culminate in disclosure and inter- national control of atomic weap- ons. Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky replied with his now- famous diplomatic blunder in which he claimed the plan kept him awake all night laughing. Russian Concession He put forward rival plan call- ing for immediate prohibition of atomic bombs, a big-power peace pact and various other ideas which the assembly had slapped down year after year. Secret Big Four talks eventually led to a Russian prohibition of. atomic weapons international control might go into effect simultaneously. This plan, plus the West's ideas, were handed over to a new disarmament com- mission instructed to work for re- lief of international tension through reduction of armed forces and equipment. Neither side, however, would give an inch on such problems as. the reunification of Germany, set- tlement in Korea, the seating of Communist China, or the admis- sion of new members. 15 Flee Fire in St. Paul Apartment ST. PAUL persons were forced to flee "to the street when fire broke out shortly before. 8 a.m. today in the Lowell Apart- ments at 126 E. 9th St. Damage was estimated at mostly from, smoke and water. WEATHER FEDERAL, FORECAST Winona and- Vicinity Mostly cloudy, not much change in temp- erature tonight and Wednesday. Low tonight 22, high Wednesday 32. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 2t hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 36; mini-nrnm, 25; noon, 30; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at -sun rises to- morrow r (AddHJqnal weather on Fctfe ;