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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 5, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 298 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 5, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES Houston Schoolmarm Crowned Centennial Queen Winona Hails Paraders.Spectators Hanging Seen for Cardinal Prosecutor Asks 'Hard' Sentence Defense Warns World Will Judge Court's Decision By Endre Marion Budapest, Hungary The prosecutor of this communist-ruled state today demanded a "hard" death by hang- Josef Cardinal Mlndszenty and all six of his associated de- fendants. Presiding Judge Vitaos Olthys said earlier a verdict could not be expected before Monday In the trea- son case of the 56-year-old primate of Hungarian Catholics. But the sensational trial which be- gan only three days ago was mov- ing swiftly to a conclusion. Prosecutor Gyula Elapl said the Hungarian people demanded the re- moval of Cardinal Mmdszenty as one of "the last remnants of reac- tion." Hungarian prosecutors never for life or death sentences. But when a prosecutor asks for a "hard" sentence It means the most severe by Hanging. "Hard" Sentence Asked A verdict "hard and Inexorable, labeling tyranny and exploiting" demanded by Prosecutor Guyla Elapl not oniy for Mlndszenty but for all his six fellow defendants as well. "The verdict should stigmatize the he added. In a summation for the cardinal the court-appointed barrister, Kal- man Kicko, .asked for a "wise and lenient decision" by the five-man people's court which will decide both the question oi guilt or innocence and any penalty. "My task was difficult, but I did the best I could for the said the defense lawyer. "I re- mind you that all of you in this courtroom will likely be mentioned In world history and your deeds will be Judged through the next century." In the early part of his summa- prosecutor had pointed out that the case was attracting the most intense interest throughout the world, and struck back at "false rumors" that the cardinal has been drugged, tortured or threatened to extort confessions. Elapi's fiery attack was directed against the United States govern- ment and its representatives, Francis Cardinal Spellman of New York and others, along the lines of previous charges in the government's yellow book on the cardinal's case. Assail IT. S. Influence "America wanted to influence Hungary economically and political- he said. "There is no doubt about it but that the Mlndszenty movement was based on imperialist organizations which speculate on a third world war and on suppres- sion of the whole world by America. "This was not a dream of an aged1 man who wanted to have back the past but a dangerous organization to overthrow Hungarian democracy. "Hatred of democracy, not defense Thumbling Prices, Jobless Rise Brings Official Reassurances By Jack Rntledge prices and a sharp rise In the number of jobless brought soothing official reassurances today that America's economic situation is not alarming. There is even a silver lining in what, to some people, looked like a dark cloud on the eco- nomic horizon; the dollar will buy a little more than it did just a few months ago. These were the developments yesterday: The New York stock market, the barometer that predicted the 1929 collapse, took its sound- est beating in many months, with 61 stocks selling at the lowest year. de- A Man Stands In The Bubble on the floor of a barracks apart- ment at Municipal airport in Sioux City, Iowa, after an explosion Friday caused 'by a leaking gas pipe sent tenants fleeing from the. building and blew off the building's siding. A mother and her two small children were in the exposed room at the time of the blast but were uninjured and stepped through an opening made in the wall afterwards. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Plot Against Polish Government Charged Warsaw, security police today announced the arrest of "several scores" of former members of the home army who it said were plotting against the lives of government chiefs. An unconfirmed report said authorities found a time bomb near a government building where the council of ministera meets. Those arrested were charged with planning acts of terror. Names of the leaders who police said were marked for death were net made public. Also in New York, suffered one of the sharpest clines of the last 12 months, with nearly 125 issues sagging, some as much as two points. Storm of Selling The Chicago grain market was Mt by a storm of selling, wjth corn oats, rye and soybean falling so swiftly that one trader described the market as "demoralized." The Associated Press index of 35 wholesale commodities dropped nearly a full point, reaching 168.46 the lowest mark since February 6, 1947. Loose lard was offered on the Chicago Board of Trade of a hundred pounds, the lowest point in six years. The Pennsylvania railroad said it was laying off of the men in its maintenance of I ment department. They will be f ur< jloughed for an indefinite period. Altogether, the Census bureau re- ported in Washinsrton, there were more unemployed in Janu- ary than in December. Actually, the true drop was only Officials said the other reported as jobless really aren't part of the nation's normal i working were probably 'holiday employes, students, or oth- ers who no longer seek jobs, i But the have joined 1 enough others who are out of work and want work, to push America's current unemployment total to more than in January, 1948. Little to Worry About Officials saw little to worry about, however. Secretary of Labor Tobin said the present unemployment level "bears careful 'but he added that "the situation is not alarm- Ing." Dr. Edwin G. chairman of the President's council of economic! advisers, said neither the census! figures nor skidding food prices j alarmed him. He said, that "these months are very deci-[ sive months." Secretary of Agriculture Bran- nan said the decline In food prices was only an adjustment and not the beginning of any drastic trend. And the Labor department, not- ing that the Increase in jobless has now slackened appreciably, predict-! ed that spring will bring a demand I of religion, was the motive of Mindszenty's -deeds." He said the Cardinal wanted the American Army in Germany to keep possession of the crown of St. Stephen, the religious relic going back to Hungary's first Christian King ten centuries ago, "until he can put it himself on the head of Otto Hapsburg." The crown was taken away by the Germans recovered .by the Americans in many. It is now in American safe- keeping. Each defendant is to be allowed! to make a statement after the peo- ple's prosecutor sums up the case, explains the charges of treason and illegal money dealings and recom- mends the sentence for each. Badger lawmakers Face Busy Week Madison, Wis. Legislative reapportionment, bingo, transfer of state departments and amendments to pure food laws, perennial quesn tions before the legislature, will get committee hearings next'week. Three Joint resolutions which would provide for different consti- tutional changes governing reap- portionment of legislative: districts will be heard by the assembly ju- diciary committee Thursday, The question of bingo, held by the supreme court to be Illegal un- der the constitutional ban on gambling, will be heard before the senate state and local government committee. The question is on a joint resolution proposing that the The home army fought the nazis during tion. the 1944 Warsaw insurrec- A Teacher Became A Queen when pretty Marlon Hanson, 23-year-old Houston High school Instruc- tor, won over eight other girls In the Winona-Houston district Centennial queen contest In the armory Friday night. She will represent the district in the state contest to pick a "Miss Minnesota" held la connection with the St. Paul Winter Carnival, February 13. She received her crown during a coronation which was broadcast over KWNO. KepubUcan-Herald photo Weather Near Ideal for Carnival Here Man Killed as Car Hits Highway Bridge Austin, Minn. (ffO Glen E Koethke, 26 year old Toeterville, Iowa, farmer, was killed .today when his car smashed into a bridge on.highway 218, 13 miles south o! and just across the Iowa line. Sheriff Ted Horn of Mitchell county, Iowa, said Koethke's car hit a steel girder on the bridge and overturned. Koethke, alone at the time, was pinned in the wreckage, and death was attributed to head injuries. Horn also said there was evidence that another car had struck the wreckage place. after the accident took question to th dum April 5: :'Shall the The ministry of public security said, "other groups" working with of- ficers and soldiers of this group had collected arms and explosives to assist their planned activities. The ministry added the "organi- zation was liberally assisted with dollars from abroad." The exact number arrested was riot disclosed, but police said they had all the -ringleaders. The term, "several used extensively by police authorities, may mean any- thing from just under 100 up to 200. Polish communists and left-wing socialists in mid-December gave Moscow-backed communists abso- lute control of Poland. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Mostly legislature adopt with occasional snow tonight farming and other such activities j show their seasonal increase. Even the stock market picture wasn't completely bad: In the bond market some securities made feeble rallies toward the end of the day. Livestock prices stayed fairly level, and hogs even gained. Wisconsin Moose Winter Carnival never had) weather than this, and It will! continue through Sunday. After that the carnival committee doesn't care. Tonight occasional and Sunday light snow, there'll be but that Initiate 300 Madison, Wis. (IP) Initiation of 300 members last night marked I 25.' the opening of a two day conference by the Wisconsin Moose association. should merely enhance the Winter Carnival scene for tomorrow's ice show, hockey and skiing. Temper- atures will be near-perfect. The mercury that seemed ready to zip up to the predicted 24 degrees this afternoon will be there again Sunday afternoon. The Weather joint resolution to amend the con-land Sunday. Warmer tonight. Low stltution to the playing of i tonight 12; high Sunday 25. Committees of both houses have scheduled hearings on'proposals for transfers of state departments. 31 Antique Cars Destroyed in Fire North Hollywood, A collection of 31 antique automobiles and horse-drawn carriages is just a charred memory for Lindley S. Bothwell. Fire at Bothwell's ranch destroy- ed his group of vehicles, in- cluding a 1903 Packard which bore the engine serial number one. Both- well, president of the Horseless Carriage Club of America, says it was one of two models made that year. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 18; minimum, noon, 16; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec Chicago.......... 30 1 Denver 33 7 Des Moines 15 4 Duluth 20 -11 International Falls Kansas City Los Angeles 13 29 56 Miami 81 14 66 New York 42 Mpls.-St. Paul New Orleans Seattle 35 Phoenix........... 39 Washington....... 50 -20 26 44 63 2 50 38 27 34 38 .20 .21 .04 Herbert John Burgman of Ho- kah, Minn, smiles at National airport in Washington, D. C, last night, returning from Ger- many to face charges of treason. For 20 years he was an employe of the tr. S. embassy in Berlin. (Story on Page 5.) CAP. Wire- photo to' The Republican-Her- ald.) Tonight's low will be 12 above. xhat's much better than last night, when the cold wave was moving out. It was eight below last night, but by 11 a. m. today it was 14 above outside. It'll be cloudy, but that means warm weather, Mayor Proclaims Boy Scout Week Winter Carnival Program Tonight 6 p. at Winona Athletic club for out-of-town march- Ing units and Winona Activity Group members. 7 p. at Oaks club for visiting dignitaries and out-of- town queens. Music by Little Falls quartet. Sunday Morning Breakfast at Hotel Winona for visiting queens. Church services for queens. j Noon Dinner at Hotel Winona for visiting queens. Arrival of St. Paul and Rochester ice show units. Arrival of St. Paul East-Side Post American Legion drum and bugle corps. Afternoon 1 p. of East Side Post drum and bugle corps and Winona Activity Group members from Hotel Winona to East rink. p. Slopes Ski Jump, skiing and tobog- ganing. 2 p. annual Ice show at East rink. (Winona, Wisconsin and Centennial queens to be honored guests.) Entertainment by St. Paul drum and bugle corps. 2 p. park rink, hockey game between Winona Bo- lands and North Manfcato. 4 p. Carnival photography contest ends. Berlin Counter-Blockade Brings Russ Protest Bleats By Thomas A. Reedy A tightening of the Western Allies' counter-blockade of Soviet occupied Germany brought a bleat today from a Russian-licensed newspaper that this was "the An- glo-American answer to Stalin's Mayor John Druey today pro- peace initiative." claimed next week as Boy Scoutj The Berliner Zeitung, which car- week, jried the headline, also predicted In the proclamation he urged Wi- further hardships now would be nonans "to recognize the patriotic volunteer service being rendered to our community by these unselfish Scout leaders, and to help, in all possible ways, to further this whole- some youth program." He pointed out that next Tuesday is the 39th anniversary of the found" ing of the Boy Scouts of America and that its program has affected the lives of American boys and men. Its present enrollment is Said the mayor, "Trie Boy Scout inflicted upon the already hard- pressed Russian occupation zone. ditches across roads leading from the American into the Soviet zone. The ditch digging was done to stem smuggling of goods Rus- sian zone and to make the highway freight blockade effective, pitches were thrown up by the Russian au- thorities along the border on the Soviet side last fall. Meanwhile, the Soviet official press announced conclusion of a trade agreement between the Rus- sian zone and Denmark providing for an exchange of goods worth the Soviet zone Is in a bad way economically and probably get ?orse. The economic pincers of the West- ern blockade are taking what was side. These deliveries will now have to be made by sea to Russian zone Baltic ports. The Russian zone al- ready has trade agreements with left to Germans after the "vacuum Sweden and Norway, which also nial cleaner" of Russian raparc.tions got lean ship -across the Atlantic. through. Berlin's anticommunists- have en- dorsed the TJ. S.-British action, which prohibited any traffic between highway Western movement is a great factor in the freight proper training of youth in light of jEurope and the Soviet zone to cross today's domestic and world-wide problems, and marks this anniver- sary with the theme, counter the Soviet blockade of Ber- that's and seeks to pro- vide more fun and adventure as boys grow to face the problems of man- hood." the TJ. S. and British zones. Rail traffic was shut off last fall to lin. At Wiesbaden, German border police headquarters announced po- lice and, work squads began, digging The Soviet zone expects to re- ceive from Denmark chiefly dairy products, seed potatoes and live- stock for breeding purposes. The Soviet zone contracted to send min- erals, brown coal, chemicals, textile and glass products and iron and metal products. The Allied counter blockade has chopped severely into eastern Ger- many's coal, iron, steftl, textile and machine tool industries, today's British report said. Miss Hanson Overjoyed At Selection Ice Show, Hockey Game on Sunday Program With a 23-year-old Houston, Minn., school teacher crowned Cen- tennial Queen, the 1949 Winter Carnival reached its climax this afternoon In the gigantic down- town parade. Sunday's carnival events a parade by the St. Paul East Side Post drum and Dugle corps and Wi- nona Activity Group members from the Hotel Winona to the East rink at 1 p. m. Ski Jumping will place at Silver Slope at p. m. and an ice show Is scheduled for 2 p. m. at the East end rink. There will be a hockey game between Winona BoJands and North .Man- kato at 2 p. m. at Athletic park. Tall, slim Marion Hanson, Instruc- tor to Junior and senior English at the Houston High school, coach of the school plays and speech and supervisor of physical education, won the Winona-Houston district championship over eight other con- testants at the Winona Armory last night. Selected as attendants are Muriel Morris, reigning Winona Queen of blie Snows, 19, and Rose Marls Kalmes, 19, of Rollingstone, Minn. Miss Morris was given second place In the contest and Miss third. An ardent follower of the theater, Miss Hanson's first act In Winona following the ceremonial coronation at the Queen of the Snows ball was to reserve herself a seat for the com- ing Winona Little Theater produc- tion "John Loves at the Wi- nona State Teachers college. Looks Ahead to State Contort "I am thrilled beyond words to be selected as a said Miss Hanson, "and I am very excited about entering the state contest at St. Paul to compete lor the title of Miss Minnesota. I have only worry and that is that I hate to leave my students that long because I am very proud of them and of their work." Miss Hanson Is quite sincere about her teaching duties. She Is five feet, six inches tall and carries herself erectly. Her hair Is brown and her eyes are a changing greenish blue. The new queen weighs 118 and has a 33-inch chest measure- ment. Swimming and athletic acti- vities in connection with her work have given her suppleness and a. swiftness of movement. Early this however, Miss Hanson did not intend to fulfill any concepts of how a teacher or a phy- sical education instructor might act Tie new Centennial queen awoke early in her regal suite at the Hotel Winona and at 9 a. m, .called her two attendants and said: "Look, we are going to eat and are going to eat like a royal party should. We are going to eat break- fast in bed." Then Miss Hanson picked up the phone and ordered a generous breakfast of bacon, eggs, toast and coffee with plenty of cream and orange juice. Then she added, "I suppose It would fit my role better It I went for a brisk walk but my students would tetow I was putting on an act be- cause I hate to get up in the morn- ing and I do like breakfast In bed and this is one time I think It Is permissable." But Queen Marion had worries. "You know I haven't a formal dress and if I am going to represent the district in a state contest I bet- ter go out and buy one although I haven't any idea what color I want or what kind of a formal will look good on me." Winners Cheered An air of expectancy attends the selection of a Centennial queen. It was there last night at the armory as Marjoiie Mitchell of KWNO went? on the air in a hookup of the radio station for a broadcast of the queen selection and the coronation. Dancers and spectators crowded over the dance floor and made an eager massed ring around the micro- phones. The appearance of the con- stants before C. A. Choate, master of ceremonies, and the three contest iudges had given no Indication of who the lucky girl would be. The crowd generously cheered the announcement of the two attend- ants but when the name of Miss 3anson was announced as the Cen- tennial queen selection, it broke Into pandemonium of cheers, whistles and applause. The selection of the new Centen- queen was popular. The judges had taken nearly three quarters of an hour and considered every candi- date carefully. Walter Janda, general chairman of the Winona Winter Carnival, jlaced the queen crown on Miss Hanson's head. Miss Hanson didn't approve of the way it set on her head and calmly readjusted it. Then she smiled at' ler audience and told them how de- lighted she was. Harold Libera, (Continued on Page 3, Column. 4.) CARNIVAL ;