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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 3, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 296 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 3, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Ban State Liquor Dispensary Measure Introduced Gain in State Taxes Claimed Minnesota Would Retain Full Control At Wholesale Level St. controversial state liquor dispensary bill was In- troduced in the state senate today by Senators Leo Lauerman of Olivia and B, E. Grotlum ol Jackson. Senator Grottum claimed that his plan would bring in about more a year than the raised through liquor taxes for the last fiscal year. Under the bill, exclusive control of the purchase and of liquor with- in the state at the wholesale level would be vested in the state liquor control commissioner, whose salary be a year. Half the net profits over 000 each six months wo.uld be dis tributed the state's coun- ties, cities and villages on a per capita basis. Contrasted to Present Law Under present law, Minnesota re- ceives per capita in revenue from the sales of distilled spirits and has been returned to cities, towns and counties. No .liquor retailer would be al- lowed to purchase liquor except from the state liquor control commission- er. The state department of ad- ministration would buy the liquor from distillers on order from the liquor control commissioner. Simultaneous with introduction of the bill, Lawrence Hall of St. Cloud, former speaker of the house of representatives, in a statement charged "bootlegging, gangsterism, and all of the evils of prohibition days have plagued states" having liquor monopolies. Hall is general council for the Minnesota Wine and Spirits Insti- tute which today distributed a 11- page pamphlet containing repri from newspapers in liquor dispensa- ry states entitled "Graft, Bribery, Corruption, Political Chicanery to Liquor Monopoly States." "A liquor dispensary in which the state goes into the business of sell- Ing as a monopoly on a wholesale level is a dangerous socialistic ex- Hall said. "It is not suc- cessful In the states that have un- dertaken the monopoly system. In nearly every one of these states there has been graft and corrup- tion. Graft Investigated "Currently, three of the monopoly states are Investigating their dis- pensary systems to determine how far graft has Infiltrated into the state departments and the value of returning the wholesale distribution of liquor prise." back to private enter- Minnesota's per capita reve- nue, Hall contended, is higher than that received in most of the monopo- ly states. He added that "this reve- nue is likely to be lost" under the Lauerman proposal. "Minnesota has splendid en- forcement and control the former five iime speaker of the house asserted. "This agency with its .simple regulatory powers Is. do- ing an enviable job. The drys rec- ognize this and realize that law en- forcement and education are reduced to a minimum when sales become the paramount factor of the state's operation. "Mismanagement and graft can throw state sales Into a talispin such as has been the case in Ohio and Pennsylvania. In these states the liquor administrations are writing off a loss of to a year due to reasons not evident In private management." The same two senate authors in- troduced a similar bill last session. In the interim, Senator Lauerman has conducted a state-wide cam- :o obtain support for Eugene Coon, University of Iowa student, scrapes snow from his slippers at Iowa City, as he re-enacts "the morning after" he slept outdoors with the temperature at 15 below. His'chilly sleep resulted from an argument with roommates in a dormitory who like fresh air a lot less than Coon. He wore four pairs of BOX, a sweatshirt, trousers, a sweater, and used most of his roommate's blankets. (AP. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) U. S. Alert to Russ Moves To Disrupt Western Unity Priest Dies In Michigan Sanitarium Fire Mt. Clemens, Cath- olic priest died In a fire in his quarters at sanitarium exclusive St. Joseph early today while nurses tried to save him. The fire, breaking out at a, m., sent 25 other guests and the freezing temperatures outside. The equipment of this Ifttle Truman Unwilling To Go to Russia To See Stalin By John M. IQghtower Washington The United States served notice on the world today that it will allow no Russian "peace maneuver" to disrupt the growing unity of the noncommunist western powers. That was the real significance seen by diplomatic officials hare in Secretay of State Acheson's rejec- tion of Premier Stalin's latest decla- ration of his willingness to hold a meeting with President Truman. American diplomats abroad In western as well as eastern Europe were expected to make the most of Russ Fail to Return British Battleship Edinburgh, Scotland The Cardinal Pleads 'Partly Guilty' In Civil Trial Mindszenty Admits Offers to Work For Hungarian Peace Budapest Josef Cardinal Mindszenty told a Hungarian peo- ple's court today, "I plead partly guilty, having committed the major- ity of those deeds I am charged with." The cardinal's former secre- tary, the Eev. Ondras Zakar, also pleaded "partly guilty" but said he only followed orders of his superiors Mindszenty and six others are be- ing tried on charges of treason, spy- ing and black market dealings Mindszenty is the first Roman Cath- olic cardinal ever to be tried by a civil court. As the trial opened, Mindszenty acknowledged that he wrote a letter offering to work for peace between the communist-dominated govern- ment and the Roman Catholic church, if his trial was put off. The court, watched by the world In history's first civil trial of a prince of the Catholic church, read a letter which it said came from the cardinal, who was present dur- ing the reading. The letter said Cardinal Minds- zenty admitted "grave errors" in his fight against a church-state under- standing, promised to give the Hungarian bishops a free hand tc negotiate with the government and asked that the trial be adjourned. It added that he "would withdraw himself for a considerable time" if the trial were adjourned and that he could render good service to the Hungarian republic. The communication, read by Pre- siding Judge Vilmos Olthys, who said it was addressed to Justice Minister Istvan Riesz, caused a dramatic pause almost at the very start of the trial. Judge Olthys, a professional Jur- ist, and his four fellow law Judges, retired briefly to consider the un- expected request. When they came Considere Congress May Include Curb in Rent Control Bill Winter Carnival Program Tonight p. for Wisconsin, Centennial and local snow queen candidates and Judges at Hotel Winona. 7 p. baton twirling contest at Senior High school auditorium. 8 p. snow queen contest and crowning at Senior High school auditorium. Music by Winona Civic chorus and Winona State Teachers college swing band. Friday Morning Breakfast for Wisconsin and Centennial snow queens at Hotel Winona. Luncheon for Wisconsin and Centennial snow at College of Saint Teresa tea house. Evening p. for Centennial and Wisconsin queens at Hotel Winona. 8 p Centennial queen contest at armory. 8 p. game at Athletic park rinfc, Winona Bolands vs. St. Thomas college of St. Paul. 9 p of Snows ball at armory. Music by Henry Bur- ton's orchestra. Winona Snow queen to-reign at ball. Queen of Snows Contest Tonight This is Winona Queen of the Snows night! The 13th annual Winter Carnival opened today as pretty girls went through the preliminary preparations of appearing in the Queen of the Snows contest at 8 p. m. at the Senior High school auditorium. The Carnival will continue through Sunday. Selection of the new Queen of the Snows will commence fol- lowing a dinner in the Hotel Winona at p. m. this evening. All local queen candidates and Centennial queen candidates as well as Wisconsin queens will be guests. "Let There Be theme mu- sic described by Walter Janda, gen eral chairman of the Winter Acti- vity Group carnival committee, went on radio programs and juke boxes today as the mood of Winona's Win- ter Carnival commenced. "We expect one of the biggest crowds in carnival Janda said today. "Every single detail of the festival has been completed, all the chairmen have followed through and we are going to have a mighty smooth four days. The parade will be something no person in the Wi- nona area should Gowns Carefully Arranged Employers throughout the city back' a few minutes later they said united today to allow many of the the request for an adjournment had been refused and that the trial would go on. Russian navy failed to keep Its datej The peoples court Prosecutor today for returning the battleship j Gyula Elapl opposed an adjourn- Royal Sovereign to Britain. Hours after the agreed rendezvous time, a welcoming party of British Ms new detailed statement oflnaval officers and members of the The-56-year-old cardinal, wear- ing his black robe of a simple priest, appeared with six co-de- in the central court room sanitarium staff of 40 fleeing into Washington's determination not to (soviet embassy staff still bobbed] make any direct side deals with Soviet union at the possible expense Rakosi himself was tried around on the destroyer Nepal charges of plotting against the official a suburb of Cleve-Vent of the United States position land, was found dead in his bath-jail over the world. He evidently had suffo-! Truman May State Views room, cated. There were no reports of in- juries. All available police and firemen had gone to the scene in fear of a possible catastrophe, but the fire was under control within less than an hour's time. Two nurses, Mrs. Marguerite Cur- lett and Mrs: Priscilla Mayhew, told of forcing their way into Father Barry's smoke-filled quarters. But when they tried to open the bath- room door, they said, Father Barry, President Truman had an oppor- tunity to enter the picture during the day. He scheduled his usual weekly news conference and it was expected that he would probably endorse fully all that Acheson had said. The secretary of state turned thumbs down on Stalin's latest peace maneuver at a news conference late yesterday. He did It in such a way as in- directly to accuse Stalin of playing apparently panic-stricken, pulled in international politics with Ms Fou J an cnervative Temto of the an insurance man. have agreed to sponsor a companion measure there. They are Represen- tatives Thomas Ryan 'of Mllaca; Otto Clarke, Osakls; A. I. Johnson, Benson; Carl Iverson, Ashby, and Will Nelson, Tracy. Nelson is the only conservative. Singapore Currency Shortage a Mystery a strange shortage here of and bills, but the situation should be improved in a month or two. Chief Currency Officer C. G. Dick- ens says a special shipment of paper has arrived from the United King- dom and the shortage of the past four months should soon be ended. Rumor had it that people were hoarding the currency notes to avoid the colony's new income tax. A straits dollar is a bit less than 50 U. S. cents. i the opposite direction. 2 Dead in Nebraska Snow Mercy Mission Omaha A mercy mission in Nebraska's' blizzard area cost the lives of two civilian airmen late yesterday. While dropping materials used for distress signals, their small UUI.U X..J-, n D J.WH.C plane struck a and alyzed staUn's Sunday declaration I point by point, Acheson asserted oj, a O'Brien, (Continued on Page 15, Column 5.) I U. S. ALERT the scheduled meeting place. The meeting, near May island In the Firth of Forth, had been ar- ranged for dawn. Russia was to re- turn the ship, which she borrowed in wartime, under a big power agreement. Reporters who asked the Soviet embassy Tuesday whether the ship was keeping to Its schedule were told by a press attache: "The Soviet government never breaks its government of 24 years ago. The government read the indict- ment, accusing the cardinal of "leading an organization which aimed to overthrow democratic or- der of the state with treason and with speculation in foreign cur- rency." It accused him of royalist activi- ties on behalf of the pretender Archduke Otto of Hapsburg, and of maintaining "subversive connections with Tibor Eckhardt, Hungarian po- litical adventurer in the United States." statement last Sunday. That Stalin statement expressed a willingness to meet Mr. Truman for the purpose j of considering a Soviet-Amerlcani "pact of peace." And Acheson also renewed the American charge that the present state of the world is due to Russia's "obstructionism" in the United Na- tions and in other international i forums where the great problems of to De are supposed to be solved. Twice In his statement, which an- yer? 2? W Government Ability to Halt Farm'Price Drops Questioned Chicag-o Can the govern- ment halt the price drop in farm products? This question was asked by deal- ers on the board of trade today, following yesterday's slump of future prices Into new low ground stoce dealings in the various contracts now being traded started. Some dealers thought the govern- ment's support program was break- ing and might break further under the weight of huge supplies. It was just a year ago this month that the big post-war price break hit grains, soybeans and lard. They never have recovered the ground .ost at that time. a bushel. A year ago the price was May corn closed at against March soybeans at against and March lard at against a hundred pounds. All futures contracts of corn, oats, rye, soybeans and lard went to new lows yesterday, as did September and December wheat. May and July wheat sold at the lowest, point since last September when the post- harvest movement of wheat to ter- minals was at its height. F. J. Coughlin of Mitchell, Hut- chins and Company, commission firm, said the decline indicated "a lack of confidence ia the govern- ment's ability to hold up prices May wheat yesterday closed at! In the light of very large crops." The French Ship Magellan, bearing the 49-car French "Thank You" train, steams past the Statue of gift of France the ship arrived at New York. The cars, one for each state and the District of Columbia, contain gifts from the French people in return for food and clothing sent by the American people in the "Friendship Train." Wlrepnoto.) 26 Winona Queen of the Snows can- didates one half day from work in order that they might be ready for the dinner and contest tonight. In various downtown stores the careful arrangement of gowns and coiffures was a matter which re- quired united attention of clerks and beauticians. Admission to the Queen of the Snows contest as to all other events will be allowed through the wearing of the carnival button and the gen- eral public is invited. Judges are C. T. Hagman, Harold J. Anderson and Miss Eleanor Owens, all of Min neapolls. Lively music will be introduced during the contest with the appear- ance of the Winona Civic chorus di- rected by H. Irving Tingley cf Min- neapolis and the swing band of Wi- nona State Teachers college under the direction of Fred Heyer. Blondes and brunettes will walk under 'the scrutiny of the judges In tonight's contest and a great deal of attention will be given to personality and posture as well as to beauty, smiles and general physical appear- ance. Visiting Queens Entertained Today visiting queens preparing to take part In the Winona-Houston county district contest to select a candidate as "Miss Minnesota Cen- tennial" registered in the Hotel Wi- nona and were taken on a tour of the J. R. Watkins Company plant and the Bay State Milling Company. Prior to the opening of toe Queen of the Snows contest, a children's baton-twirling contest will take place in the Senior High school aud- itorium at 7 o'clock tonight. lucky girl selected as Queen of the Snows tonight will not only reign as queen of the present carni- val but will enter the Centennial queen competition in the armory Friday night prior to the Winter Carnival ball. These contests are conducted separately with different judges. The winner of the district Centennial contest will enter the state contest to be held in connec- tion with the St. Paul winter carni- val at 3 p. m. Sunday, February 13. Push-Button Economy Reaches Dairy Barn Stillwater, OkJa. It's all done by levers in Oklahoma A and M's new dairy bam. Milk- ers stand in a pit. The cows walk in and milking machine is at- tached. Cows are milked in three minutes. The milk goes into a glass tank on the wall. It is automatically weighed and then, at the pull of a An Example of out-of-town, scenery moving Into Winona for the Winter Carnival today is Jean Lindell of Little Palls, who was named Miss Winter Won- derland at that community. She will be here with the Little Falls delegation. Visiting queens and other dignitaries were arriving here today in preparation for tonight's Carnival events. Western Europe Sides With Truman of western Eu- rope agreed today with President Truman's decision not to accept Prune Minister Stalin's newspaper Invitation for a meeting behind the iron curtain. A British foreign office spokesman said Britain was "In full agree- ment" with the views expressed by U. S. State Dean Ache- son In turning down the propo- sal. The British, the spokesman said at a news conference, had been ful- ly consulted by the U. S, State de- partment on the whole matter. This country's views !had been sought and were given, he said. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy and colder tonight with lowest 5 in the city, zero or slightly below in country. Friday increasing cloudi- ness, followed by snow and colder Friday night. Highest in the after- noon 18. ___ LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 19; minimum, 0; noon, 19; precipitation, .08 (inch of sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at _____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Free. Denver 17 Des Molnes 20 Evictions Serve To Toughen Law, Chairman Says Congress may write a ban against mass eviction of tenants into its new rent control bill. Chairman Spence (D.-Ky.) ot the House banking committee, said today. Both landlords and tenants will have plenty of chance to testily, he said, when the committee starts hearings Monday on the administra- tion bill to extend strengthened rent controls for two years. Spence had this comment on a movement by some Oklahoma land- lords to withdraw their rental prop- erty from the market in protest against controls: "If this Is intended to coerce con- gressional committees, it might have the opposite effect." Under present law, a tenant must go to court to protect himself against illegal eviction. But the new bill gives the federal housing expe- diter definite authority to prevent such evictions and to bring action against landlords If necessary. The administration measure would extend coverage to several types of accommodations not now under rent control and would give the housing expediter authority to recontrol areas previously decontrolled. These types of housing would brought back under control: 1. Hotel rooms not rented to trav- elers. 2. Leased housing which has had 15 per cent rent Increases. Those would be decontrolled under present law. 3. Accommodations not rented for 24 months. Such units are now exempt. The bill does not bring under con- trol newly constructed rental prop- erty. It would give the federal expediter the right to sue for triple damages for In the rent U the I tenant did not do so.. At present only a tenant can sue. The adminis- tration says few have exercised the right "for fear of being evicted." Navy Prepared To Lay Up 72 Ships Under Cut Washington The Navy said today it will have to lay up 72 ships, including 15 top-line fight- ing vessels, and cut its strength by men to meet President Tru- man's 1950 budget. Secretary of the Navy Sullivan said three Essex-class carriers, nine light cruisers and three anti-air- craft cruisers have been picked for Inactivation. In a letter to the chairmen of the Senate and House armed serv- ices and appropriation committees. Sullivan said the Navy plans to start reduction at once. In addition to the cuts in shlpi and men, Sullivan said the Navy must reduce its air strength by a small percentage some 400 planes out of more than and shut down a dozen small air stations. And he said "a general reduction in the scale of activity at naval shore establishments supporting the fleet, Including employment levels at naval will be necessary. The secretary said the cost of making the cutback must be met out of this year's money. He referred to such expenses as those of pre- paring ships for layup and the ad- ministrative chores of the personnel Duluth 37 58 Kansas City Los Angeles lever, goes woosh, down a pipe to 77 cooling room. There are places in the big barn for tons of hay and bush- els of grain. Four silos hold 600 tons. There are quarters for eight attendants and the dairy herd. Mpis.-St. Paul 6 New Orleans 58 New York........ 31 Seattle 35 Washington 40 Winnipeg 13 33 38 70 0 45 20 32 23 cut. Paying such costs out of 1949, the secretary wrote, will leave next year's cash intact to carry full 1950 strength throughout the year. Under the Presidents 000 military budget for the next fiscal year, the Navy was given This year it had nearly Sullivan said the following cut- back would be made in manpower: Navy enlisted strength, Marine corps, enlisted, Navy and Marine officers, He listed the following ships for the mothball fleet: The carriers Princeton, Antietam, and Tarawa; the light cruisers Pro- vidence, Little Rock, Huntington, Portsmouth, Dayton, Astoria, To- peka, Duluth, and Atlanta, and the antiaircraft cruisers Fresno, Oak'- land and Tucson. He said the Fresno, the Dayton and Duluth already have been or-- dered to the reserve fleet. In addition to the major types, Sullivan reported plans to lay up 31 amphibious craft, five patrol ves- sels, four destroyer minesweepers and 17 auxiliary and small amphi- bious vessels. The over-all strength of the ac- tive fleet will be reduced by only 24 ships, however, Sullivan pointed, out, since it will add seven neijr vessels, and reactivate some: destroyr crs, a light carrier and small craft and two submarines. ;