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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 2, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Warmer Tonight; Sunday MildlWith Showers VOLUME 51, NO. 295 Read'Hollywood' By Hedda Hopper Page 4 Today FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA. SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 2. 1952 FOURTEEN PAGES TODAY U.S. Must Awake or Be Beaten ('Editor's note: Stewart Al- sop, author of this column with his brother Joseph, loill substi- tute JOT Vfalter Winchell Sun- day night at 8 p. m. His news commentary icill be aired locally over KWNO AM and FM.) By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON frighten- ing disparity between Western and Soviet production of modern jet combat for jet bombers and six-to-one for jet in- terceptors at the end of this year recently reported in this space. The same disparity exists in all weapons except atomic bombs, notably including tanks. This means that we are terrifyingly far behind in the arms race in which we have been forced to engage. And it is time to ask why this should be so. It is not an easy question to an- Unless this country can shake off its complacency and prepare to make a. real national effort, we shall for the first time in our history be in acute danger of defeat in war. The top men have great ability and drive. This government has rarely enjoyed the services of more able public servants than, for example, Secretary of Defense Robert Lovett, Secretary of the Air Force Thomas Finletter, and Under Secretary of the Army Archibald Alexander. The Penta- gon has, moreover, all the money it can spend at its disposal. And there is no reason on earth why this country should be out-produc- ed by a country with, for example, less than a third of our steel pro- duction. Why il U.S. Lagging Then why are we being out- produced? The answer to this life- a n d-death question apparently falls into several parts. In the first place, we are still paying, and shall continue to pay, for the follies of the Louis John- son era. It takes as long as two years or more between the time when money is voted for aircraft procurement and the moment when a modern combat plane is produced and ready foe combat. the Air Force is largely living even now, a year and a half since the Korean aggression, on the Johnson-imposed starvation diet. Yet this is not the whole ex- planation. Even allowing for this "lead time" we shall still be great- ly outdistanced by the Soviets two, and three, and probably even four years after Korea. One key to the trouble lies in the fact that out of appropriated for mutual security) since Korea, only about has actually been spent for weapons and other "hard goods." Thus our rearmament pro- gram has been more nearly a program than a program. Part of the trouble certainly lies in the cum- brousness of our appropriation, al- location, design and procurement systems. Sought Superior Tank Before the war, Josef Stalin call- ed in his designers and ordered them to produce the best tank in the world. Designs were submit- ted to him in which speed was sacrificed to armor and fire-power, or vice versa. Stalin calmly ord- ered that the Soviet tanks should be suoerior to Nazi models in ev- ery firepower, armor. Otherwise, unfortunately, the de- signers would have to be shot as wreckers. Stalin got his tank, the M-34, and it is even now one of the best in the world. Consider our system. What with congressional debate, the Air Force did not really begin to get important money until six months after Korea. Then comes the prob- lem of design. Air Force procure- ment officers are such fussy per- fectionists that designs are end- lessly altered, so that production is constantly delayed or stopped. The Army's Ordnance officers are expert judges believe that only Stalin's simple system would work with them. Here it is worth recalling the German experience. German De- fense Minister Albert Speer actual- ly doubled- German aircraft pro- duction in 1943-44, while Germany was receiving the explosive equiv- alent of about 50 atomic bombs. Speer wrought this miracl.e ac- cording to expert judgment, sim- ply by taking procurement right out of military hands, and accept- ing, in effect, about two per cent short of the ideal in design in or- der to gain a 100 per cent improve- ment in production. Yet on the civilian side as well, the procurement problem is com- plicated by the fact that in the present national mood, really able men are interested only in the very top jobs. Thus the procure- ment and allocation agencies are largely staffed with Pecksniffian junior lawyers or clerks, unwill- ing to take responsibility, and in- terested only in keeping their noses clean. Finally, the booming civilian (Continued on Page 9, Column 6.) ALSOPS Firemen Work their way under an ice covered utility pole which was snapped by ice accumulation from spray of fire hoses during a blaze in zero weather in Portland, Me. The fire was in-a five story warehouse on the waterfront. Damage to the building and produce stored inside was estimated at over by fire de- partment officials. It was the city's first major fire in more than four years. (A.P. Wirephoto.) let the Chips Fair Morris Promises Thorough Cleanup WASHINGTON Morris, newly-named head of the Truman administration's long-promised government cleanup campaign, launches his "let the chips fall where they may" investigations Mon- day with the Justice department his first target. Morris, a six foot, three inch wealthy Republican lawyer from New York, accepted the appointment yesterday as "independent" supervisor of a projected housecleaning designed to weed out any cor- ruption in government agencies. Sworn in by Attorney General McGrath, Morris said promptly and bluntly, in MeGrath's presence, that he proposed to start his work, by looking into the attorney general's department. The House judiciary committee earlier this week also voted to make a separate "nonpolitical" investi- gation of the Justice Depart- ment. It acted in the wake of re- cent tax scandal disclosures and continuing charges by Republicans that McGrath's office has "drag- ged its feet" in prosecutions and otherwise lacked vigor in prosecut- ing official misdeeds. Reaction Mixed There were indications there might be a race to see which would investigate the department first- Morris or the committee. Morris told newsmen his work would get under way at 8 a.m. Monday, that both President Tru- man and McGrath had given him a completely free hand, and that his policy would be "let the chips fall where they may." "This is probably the most im- portant job I will ever he said. Congressional reaction to his ap- a special assistant to the attorney general to investi- gate the "extent of venality in the federal mixed. Although most hailed him as a honest man for the job, some Republicans voiced suspicion the Democrats were using a Re- publican to help pull administra- tion acorns out of the fire. McGrath was Mr. Truman's choice to organize the anti-corrup- tion campaign after the President abandoned earlier plans to create a nonpartisan commission for the job. Mr. Truman said he believed the job rightfully was one for the Justice Department. Plans Thorough Study The Morris appointment follow- ed a two-weeks quest by McGrath for someone outside the govern- ment to take over the cleanup as- signment. Morris said he will make thor- ough studies and then make rec- ommendations on how to improve appointment procedures, and how to tighten up safeguards to govern- ment integrity. Nawbold Morris Pett Convicted, Sentenced to Life in Prison Verdict Reached By Jury After 3 Hours, 25 Minutes CHASKA, Minn. Far- rington Pett was sentenced to a life term in prison last night, 20 minutes after a jury convicted him of first degree murder in the shoot- ing-knifing-beating death of his foster mother. Jurors reported to Judge Harold E. Flynn at p.m. after con- sidering the evidence for three hours, 25 minutes. The ten men and two women on the panel said only two ballots were taken. Pett received the verdict, ap- parently unmoved. But minutes later he broke down and wept in an anteroom. He quickly regained his composure and answered "no sir" in a firm voice when Judge Flynn asked if he had anything to say before sentence was pass- ed. He received his sentence while the deep-toned bells of the Car- ver County courthouse chimed out the hour of 11. Undecided on Appeal Daniel Feidt, Minneapolis attor- ney who served as chief defense counsel, said no decision had been reached on a possible appeal. At the outset of the trial, Feidt con- ceded the defendant's- guilt in the slaying but claimed the 17-year-old youth was temporarily insane at the time. Pett, 17 and a husky six-footer, was arrested at Dunedin, Fla. three days after his mother's body- was found Oct. 16 by a house- keeper in the family's Christ- mas Lake home. Judge Flynn in his charge to the jury gave a choice of six ver- dicts: Guilt of first, second or third degree murder; guilty of first de- gree manslaughter; innocent by reason of insanity, or innocent. The trial occupied 11 days, with summations by both sides taking five hours before jurors .got the case yesterday. Robert F. Pett, 17, left, sits handcuffed in a Chaska, Minn., court anteroom while waiting for a jury to bring in its verdict. The jury convicted young Pett of first degree murder in the slay- ing of his foster mother, Mrs. Mary G. Pett, 51. She was shot, knifed and beaten to death. The slaying occurred Oct. 16. Pett was captured three days later at Dunedin, Fla. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Need New Leaders In Nation, Thye Says ST. PAUL needs a new leadership in Washington that will restore the people's confidence in their government, U. S. Sen. Edward J. Thye told the Republican state central committee in his home-state'today. "The American people. have been jolted by the revelations of political favoritism, influence peddling, and corruption, which repre- sent a scandalous betrayal of public Sen. Thye declared. Enter State Race, Stassen Asks Taft Smoke Pours from a one story building des- troyed by fire at Moorhead, Minn. The building, which was gutted, contained an electrical equip- ment firm and five apartments. Tenants lost most their belongings. Several firemen narrowly escaped when part of the roof caved in. The blaze was believed to have started near an oil burner. Total loss was undetermined. {A.P. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) Allies Reject Plan to Limit Inspections M UN SAN, Korea IB-Allied negotiators today rejected a Com- munist proposal to restrict behind- the-Iine inspections during a Korean truce to three Communist and three U. N. ports of entry. "Entirely said a U. N. staff officer. The Allies have proposed inspec- tions at 12 ports of entry on each side. Col. Don 0. Darrow, senior Allied staff officer, said the whole problem still is under study. He gave no hint whether the Allies might agree to inspections at fewer than 12 points behind the Red lines. No Answer For the second straight day, the Reds did not answer a U. N. pro- posal to start work immediately on the final item of the armistice to bel- ligerent governments. This would permit discussion of a favorite Communist drawal of all foreign troops from Korea. The Reds also failed to name the three neutral nations they want to represent them on neutral inspection teams. The U. N. has chosen Norway, Sweden and Swit- zerland. The staff officers completed a second reading of the U. N. blue- print for policing an armistice and agreed on a number of minor Harold Ickes Seriously III WASHINGTON Sec- retary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes, 77, is seriously ill at his farm home atf; nearby Md. D r. Stephen Jones of Rock- ville, Md., said last night he was in a semi-coma. He had return- ed home Jan. 18 apparently i m- proved by hospi- tal treatment in Washington for complications of a former arthritic condition. Harold Ickes The Solon said he believed the administration either "getting no- attempting to minimize the charges growing out of. House and Senate investiga- tions, or in appointing a commit- tee or setting up a clean-up pro- gram that will do the job and re- store public confidence. "The measures so far under- a few undesirables are being fired or tried in the not effect a he said. "A major operation is what is needed in this case and that, plainly speaking, means elimina- tion of the present administration. "So our work is cut out for Us. It is obvious from the claims I have cited that the Democrats are not just going to walk off stage and say to the Republicans: 'You fellows take over for awhile.' 'And whatever the effect of these claims of prosperity and peace, of military strength and future integrity may be, the Tru- man has still an- all-important weapon govT eminent'-spending to influence minions of Voters. It is a demon-' strated fact that the tion 'perpetuates itself through the use of the" American taxpayers' money." Joe Stalin Worried About 'Good' Name WASHINGTON Stalin is against starting a full-scale war because he fears it might jeopard- ize bis place in history, according to an informed diplomatic.source. The official, who stipulated that his name not be used, put it this way: Stalin realizes, at 72, that his- tory will remember him as the man who built Russia into a powerful nation ringed by satellites. He would risk this record in a war with the West. Hence, he cautions the Politburo against starting one. The source said he believes Stalin is still Russia's boss, even thoiigh he spends half of each year at a vacation resort. Stalin's suc- cessor, he said, will depend upon when Se steps down; probably Mplbtov, yonnger, ___ Malenkov, if 10 or 15 years from if soon, or somebody like Production Chief now. points remained in dis- pute, howeven, and Brig. Gen. William P. Nuckols, official U. N. spokesman, said, "Tomorrow they will get to the meat of the differ- ences." No Talks on Key Issues However, the staff officers aren't even discussing the key issue of whether the Reds may build air- fields during an armistice. Allied staff officers Saturday in- sisted that either side be allowed to rotate troops a month. The Reds said they .would think it over. The Communists proposed earli- er a rotation ceiling of a month. This figure would include troops shifted from the front for rest and recreation leaves -and those assigned to temporary duty in rear areas. The U. N. figure of would include only troops rotated home. Rear Adm. R. E. Libby said the joint subcommittee working on prisoner of war exchange "made absolutely no progress of any sort." Both the prisoner subcommit- tee and the staff officers discuss- ing truce supervision will meet at 11 a. m. Sunday in Panmunjom. Two Women Fined For Shoplifting ALBERT LEA, Minn, Two Fairmont women were fined apiece yesterday by Judge'Court- ney A. Slife when they pleaded guilty to charges of shoplifting. They..are Mrs. Edna Timm, 41, and Mrs. Laura Gushing, 68. Dr. Jones said, "His condition took a turn for the worse Monday night, and it weakened him to the point where he can't fight any longer." Ickes, a controversial figure in President Roosevelt's cabinet, re- signed as Interior Secretary in 1946. Akeley, Garvin Places Robbed By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS State crime bureau agents today joined police and sheriffs in a hunt for two burglary gangs that gar- nered an estimated minimum of Sl.OOO in two widely separated j raids early yesterday. I At Akeley, 12 miles west of Walk- the marauders looted two stores of in cash. They were the Lamois Dry Goods Co. and the Voshell Grocery. Safes were broken open in both places. At Longville, the same gang was charged with stealing the strong-, box from the Ray Tabaka gar- age. It held in checks in addition to some cash and his of- fice records, the owner reported. Buck Simpson, Cass County sheriff, said there were no defi- nite clues to either job. The second raid came at Garvin, 16 miles north of Slayton in sputb- western Minnesota. There, a gang battered its way through a brick wall to get into the vault of a check casting station operated by M. S. .Peterson. Several safe de- posit boxes were rifled for an un- determined amount of loot. Also entered was the Garvin Co-operative Elevator office, where the burglars got about cash but discarded worth of checks. Officers said they spent some of then- loot "buying" 25 bottles of soft drinks from a vend- ing machine in the elevator office. Atom Research Metal Smuggled Into Russia TOKYO ingot of cadmi- um, a metal used in atomic re- search, has been smuggled out of Japan to Russia, a Japanese press report vsaid tonight Eden, Schuman Agree on Plan For Germany PARIS British Foreign Sec- retary Anthony Eden and French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman wound up talks today on the stub- born problem of what to do about arming Germany and said they were in "complete agreement." Eden, however, renewed a Brit- ish promise to work "as closely as possible" with a unified six-na- tion European army, now in the troubled process of formation. Prime Minister Churchill gave a similar pledge in December, but reiterated Britain's refusal to join the army itself. The problem before the two dip- lomats was to agree on how many guns they think Germany should have to join in Western defense, and bow soon she should have them. Presently projected for Ger- many are 12 divisions, plus small naval units and an air force of planes. The European countries want to keep the United States from forc- ing what they think may be too speedy rearmament of the late en- emy. But they don't want to slow things down so much it will dis- courage United States, participa- tion in European defense or invite Russian pressure. The French said Schuman and Eden discussed the necessity of settling the Franco-German differ- ences that have arisen over the Saar, and West Germany's demand for admission to the North Atlan- tic Treaty Organization. WEATHER FEDERAL .FORECAST Winona and j fair and a little warmer tonight. Sunday partly cloudy to cloudy and mild with possibility of. showers in afternoon. Low tonight 34, high Sunday 45. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations .for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 40: minimum, 23; noon, 36; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 12. Raps Truman Attack Upon State Primaries Humphrey Backs President, Expect MacArthur Pullout ST. PAUL E. Stassen has begun his drive for Minnesota support for the Republican presi- dential nomination with a bid to Sen. Taft (R-0) to get into the fight. Stassen and Gen.- Eisenhower both are entered in the March 18 primary contest for Minnesota's 28 national convention delegates. The former Minnesota governor said that if Taft enters, "there would be a thorough choice for the people of Minnesota." Honored at a campaign-opening rally last night, Stassen said he was confident he is as strong in Minnesota as he was four years ago, when he had the solid back- ing of the state's convention dele- gation. "If we get solid support in Min- nesota and he said, "we'll be on our way." Neither Ike Nor Taft Stassen repeated bis previous prediction that neither Eisenhower nor Taft could win the Republican nomination, adding that he has friends in both Taft and Eisenhow- er camps. "As the Taft and Eisenhower campaigns begin to he said, "their supporters will be shifting. Indications are they will not shift to each other." Stassen said he is in the best position to benefit. He declared primaries give the people a chance to cast their votes. "I do not agree with President Truman's statement that primaries are 'eyewash.' It is a typical cynical comment of a Prendergast politician with a disregard for the people's views." To Campaign in State Stassen said he expected to spend most of his time in Minne- sota the next few weeks. Another candidate, Sen. Hum- phrey said today he will carry the banner of President Tru- man in the Minnesota Democratic primary March 18 despite the President's comment that such contests are eyewash. Humphrey told a reporter he agrees with Mr. Truman's state- ment that if the President wants the nomination he can get it with- out entering any primaries. Mr. Truman made this comment j at the same news conference at j which he called presidential pri- maries eyewash but again refused to say what his political plans are or when he will announce them. "My own personal feeling is that presidential primaries are very de- Humphrey said. "In fact all states should have them." Slate Filed A slate of delegates pledged to Humphrey, 41, as the "favorite son" Democratic presidential en- try was filed in Minnesota yester- day. At the same time Republican slates were filed for Eisenhower and Gen. MacArthur., If MacArthur follows his pre- vious pattern he will formally with- draw from the Minnesota contest, leaving Eisenhower pitted against Stassen for the state's 28 delegates to the GOP nominating convention- Sen. Capehart (R-Ind) predicted last night MacArthur would win the Republican nomination if a convention stalemate develops be- tween Taft and Eisenhower sup- porters. But, he added, in the meantime "my ticket is Sen. Taft for Presi- dent and General MacArthur for vice president, and I think they'll be nominated and elected." Graham Warns Washington Of 'Writing on the Waif WASHINGTON Bel- shazzar, many Washingtpnians are being weighed in God's balance and found Evangelist Billy Graham told.: an estimated persons last night. The young holding a four-week, revival through Feb. 10, recounted fhe Biblical story of Belshazzar and what he called "The Great Cocktail Party in "Belsbazzar was a young fel- low who liked to- have a good said. decided tft make himself admired by put- ting on a blowout such as wealthy Babylon had never seen." But when, the drink-embolden- ed host used sacred cups, a hand' appeared and wrote on the wall: "Thou has been weighed in the balance and found .wanting." Belshazzar died in the Persian invasion of Babylon. "There are many people in Washington Graham said, "who are being weighed in God's balances and being found wanting." ;