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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 31, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 268 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 31, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Postwar Program Rolling Along St. Charles Pilot Hurt in Crack-Up On Lake Pepin The Alsops Berlin Air Lift Needs Reinforcing By Joseph Alsop Wiesbaden, Germany The phe- nomenon of the American air lift to Berlin may be taken as a sort of parable of the best and worst In Passenger Unhurt, Pair Had Planned Day of Fishing NO SLUMP UNTIL 1950, EXPERTS SAY Forecasts Indicate 1949 Will Be Another Good Year By Harry T. Montgomery, Accomplishments of 1948 What Winona Needs in 1949 Lake City, Minn. A; Associated Press General Business St. Charles pilot was hospitalized here today when his plane cracked down on the Lake Pepin Ice. In the hospital is Kenneth M. Fick, 25, son of Mr. and Mrs. August Editor New average Am- erican is told that 1949 will be an- other good year, and the forecast seems sound. Pick. St. Charles, who has a The American consumer -and that pound fracture of his nose and describes most of find 1949 mild cerebral concussion. His passenger, Russell Frlsby, St. Charles, was unhurt. But they were lucky. E. L. Hlb- bard, editor of the Lake City Graphic and a pilot himself, said, viewing the wreckage, "I don't more comfortable than the record boom year of 1948 closing tonight. The businessman Is likely to have a few more worries in the new year, but the men and women who have been struggling with the high cost ____ ______of living probably will find it easier American foreign relations. The how "any one walked away 1 to make their budgets work. lift Itself stands from that." i Underlying all this is the prospect The following municipal improvements, accomplished or completed during 1948, are marks of progress for Winona. Each is a project of which the city is proud and each is a project which makes Winona a better city in which to live: 1. Completion of municipal airport. 2. Construction of sewer lines and ejector stations. (This project is about 60 per cent completed.) 3. Improvements, including new grandstand, to Gabrych athletic field. 4. Construction of East End boat harbor and access road to Mississippi river. 5. Construction of Prairie Island road and recreation park- ing areas. (See editorial on Page 8) The march of progress toward the goal of America's Ideal City must not be interrupted. These projects for the civic betterment of Winona should be completed in 1949: II. A municipal swimming pool. (Already approved twice by the voters.) 2. Resumption of Lake Winona beautification program. 3. Municipal parking lots in business district. 4. Housing. 5. New levee wall. 6. Municipal river terminal. 7. Small-boat harbor on Latsch Island. 8. Modernization of business district. (Especially the upper stories of our downtown stores.) 9. Installation of street signs. 10. A new grandstand for Athletic park. Close Ups for the energy, in- genuity and great resources which have, at least thus far, enabled us to escape from! the tight spots1 The Plane Total Wreck plane is virtually I that 1949 will see the return of the I buyers' market in most lines. The total :man with a dollar will decide in a f" 1949 Year Of Decision In America By Upton Close wonder how soon dttens the nation will Tr uman an dT op Lieutenants Map Program for '49 By John M. Hightower Washington President Truman called a strategy huddle with top lieutenants today to chart the course of the New Deal we keep a M_ today_ near-tragedy occurred about Into, But the air) to Mrs. August Pick, for the somewhat meth- ods of policy-making which tend to get us Into these tight spots. The background story can and should be told at last. Briefly, as was reported in this space last spring, the Soviet blockade of Ber- lin was anticipated by American and British intelligence at least three months before it was Im- posed. Yet no coordinated preparations for the blockade were made, either between the American, British and French governments, or even between the American policy- In Washington and General Lucius D. Clay and the other Am- ericans In charge of Germany. THE TROUBLE seems to have been that Washington was having one of its fits of the pouts over General Clay's occasionally rather arbitrary methods. At any rate Gen- eral Cla'y, his political adviser. Am- bassador Robert Murphy, and his air commander. Lieutenant General Curtis E. Le May, were left to agree The new year Is likely to bring the end of all shortages of consum- ers' goods, including most automo-, biles. Low-cost housing, either to1 __. _ WiL-il J.At u u-. Jf.TKS'Sf Pro-am he plans to lay before the 81st Congress Wednesday. already: That this Is the year of de- cision; that the Congress of decision is organizing now. clast Foreign policy, which dominated Mr. Truman's news confer- ence yesterday, was expected to weigh heavily in his discussions 1 with four congressional leaders. White House talks Incomes are likely to remain rela- free people, free to go to a doctor orjwtio will-ptesSle-over lively high as prices dip. Merchants grouch at home, free to try a busl-jate- Representative I ness or give up one, free to quit a job or hunt one, free to ask a price or offer it. Or whether we are going to give about 10 a. m. to go ice fishing on Lake Pepin. Hibbard said that nearby Ice fish- ermen observed the crash and said that the plane dropped, nose down, onto the Ice during a low, low- speed turn Into the north, which was against the wind. It appeared thai; Fick may have been maneuvering for a landing. ures show that 1948 was a recordlgood and all. We shall be told that The plane hit the ice, then bounc- year by nearly every Index of ecc- we ourselves will choose these "bet- ed about 75 feet and hit the ice nomic activity. The value of these social workers who will again. It was equipped with skis.jgoods we produced, the money wejtell us what doctor's door to queue 'up in front of, these economists who will have to work harder to get their share of the shoppers' money. "Nor- mal" 'dmes, with a prosperous flavor, seem finally to be at hand. This is the meaning of the statis- tics which the economists gather for us at the year-end. These fig- Decision about what? Decision as to whether this jis going to be a nation of prettyjwere Vice-President-Elect Barkley, the new Seil- Rayburn (Tex- slated to be House speaker; Senator Lucas due to become Senate majority leader, and Lucas' House counterpart, Representative j up, once and for all, such individual McCormack freedoms, and put ourselves under! the controls of our for but no ski marks were visible. the money we spent all revolving propeller knocked a hole.Swere greater than ever before. six to eight inches deep in the ice.! But the figures coming out now .Barkley has Just returned from a' trip to Europe, and Mr. Truman was likely to want a first-hand re- CONGRESS ADJOURNS Washington The Republi- can-controlled 80th Congress pass- Anniversary of Wreck For Lake City, the plane crash was the one-year anniversary af an- other major mishap. A year ago to- dropping. show something new. They show a tendency to level off In the final weeks of 1948. Some of them are who will tell us what working hours and output we must observe, and finally, what wages we are to get. day the Milwaukee Olympian" went I This raises an important ques-j BUT IT ALWAYS turns out in the off the rails south of here, but no tion: Do we continue at the pres- j Socialist state that the individual one was injured when the 13 cars ent boom speed, do we drop back a cog, and loses all "say" leaned against the hills that line'bit and continue at a lower but still I about his "betters" and their orders to that's the way col- lectivism rebellious men and women kick it over and go But domestic matters appeared to be up for review as well. As a will telTus how much of any one'matter of fact the meeting would, thing we can make or sell and whatjin the President's own words, cover price we can ask, these waterfront. port on his observations there. led into history at p. m. (E.S.T.) Lake Pepin. high level, or do we dive into a re- Fick was first taken to a or depression? Most au- cian's office, e, but then was removedIthorities say the second track is am among themselves upon a course of] to the Lake City hospital. The we will ride for at least a good Daclc to action. When the expected Soviet siclan said he might be there a day part of 1949. today, giving way for the new Dem- ocratic-run Congress to convene on Monday. At a, m. the Sen- Eddie Hies For Mayor J. Roland Eddie, above, Winona businessman, filed today for mayor. "I've said he, "because so Plans State of Union He used the same phrase to de- scribe the range of the subjects toi be included in the State of the! Union message he will deliver a Joint session of Congress next! week. Barkley arrived at National air- port yesterday in an Air Force plane ate adopted a resolution appoint- man7 my friends have asked me ing a committee to notify.President to do so." Truman that Congress is ready to A minute later, it approved an blockade was fully declared, they j or a week, depending on the degree j decided to call the Soviet bluff by I of concussion. That is, as a country we will pro- less, earn less and spend less afCiuea to caji tne ooviet uiun uy 01 concussion. juute miu spcuu r-------- sending an armed train or convoy The crash occurred about one-'than In 1948. The peak we have temporary-emergency, Congress W11 consider prepared in which, without the excuse of a W. Stuart Symington, at just about; war, and without, even, the time Mr. Truman was meeting through to the beleaguered clty.jquarter of a milp off what is known jbeen riding is abnormal, and They recognized the risk of war! as Lake City point. inot be continued Indefinitely. Involved, but they estimated it as) Mrs. Fick said that Kenneth had it was built on backlogs of olc only one chance in ten. (flown the plane to St. Charles about goods which we had to produce A'S soon as the Soviets cut allia week ago and operated it from a after fighting the war. Then it forever, if passed, i do or nearby field. communication with Berlin, Clay told Washington he was ordering an armed convoy. A train was ac- tually dispatched, and the Ameri- can troops on board were to resist Soviet interference withj I ruman S 'the train's progress. But the young officer in charge lost his nerve when the train was halted and this first installment of the plan miscarried. Youngdahl to Miss built on the rearmament which we undertook, and the spending we are doing for rehabilitation of foreign the press in his White House office. The ambassador's future plans and the President's recent com-j ments about Soviet leadership pop- ped up at both places. As Smith told reporters he hopes Mr. Truman will accept his resig- under their as envoy to Russia, the Pres- is called "Labor Client was saying that all he knew The impact of the rearmament and foreign spending is now wear- ing off, and our domestic supply! St. Young- lines are filling fast. You can get; today disclosed he will not anything you want to buy tend the President's inaugural cere-i now, although the price may be use the British spell- ing. But there's no laboring man In England who would not prefer Cap- he bat had Meanwhile Washington, and Paris had begun running 20. around in circles and barking like dogs. The notion of sending an armed convoy to Berlin was su- premely repugnant to Paris. London was far from enthusiastic. And in Washington, the State department's Russian experts made an estimate of the risk of war very different! from that of the men on the scene] in Berlin. Some other expedient had therefore to be devised. THUS THE AIR life was born at the last minute, In an atmosphere of emergency and confusion and conflict. Having been organized at the instant, the air lift was initially less effective than It should have been. And thus the political benefits derived from this great showing of American and British power were initially reduced, while the situation remained confused for some time. There is still confusion in Paris, London and Washington, where it is still widely asserted that the air lift is too e.'cpensive or too dangerous to be continued indefinitely. The men in charge in Germany be- lieve, however, that the air lift must now be treated as semipermanent, and that planning for it must at least be on the basis of several years ahead. Where he put the risk of war from an armed convoy at only one in ten last July, General day Is now understood to feel that in the new situation the odds are Just the other way around. The remaining confusion mean- while continues to impose its pen- alties. If the air lift is to be semi- permanent, it must be planned on (Continued on Page IS, Column 2.) ALSQFS I iCtHTjCCl. I'CJ-IU U11C iT J, CDlUCli V o u-ia Up, UJ. CH WCi "W VY uw London I monies in Washington January 19-jhigh. The next thing that should average Amer- average It is very doubtful if a majority of (happen Is that prices will decline. (Continued on Page 18, Column about Smith's return was what he had read in the papers. Smith, asked whether he agreed with Mr. Truman's Kansas City statement this week that some So- viet leaders would like to be more friendly with the United States, CLOSE-UP Acquaintance Limited "I can't say, because my acquaint- ance with the politburo is very lim- ited." The politburo, headed by Marshal Stalin, Is the communist agency which runs Russia. At his news conference Mr. Tru- man declined to clarify his state- ment except to say that It was not connected with his campaign re- mark last June that "Old Joe" Stalin was a likeable fellow who wanted to live up to his agreements but was !a prisoner of the politburo. The President said his Kansas City comment was the sort of thing he had said time and again in the! past. There were reports, said a news- man, that Barkley had gone to Eu- Traffic Mishaps Slated to Kill 170 by Monday Chicago Traffic acci- dents over the New Year holi- day, the National Safety council estimates, will cost the lives of 170 persons. The estimate covers a period from 6 p. m. (local time) today until midnight Sunday. The ul- timate toll, the council said, may be lar-er. There were 276 traffic fatali- ties over the Christmas holiday last weekend as against a coun- cil prediction of 265. Less travel and the "sobering Influence" of the heavy Christmas toll are ex- pected to have a downward In- fluence over the New Year's holi- day, the council said. Major hazards, it said, are drinking and bad weather. Airport Hailed As First Big Civic Project Sewer Work Under Way; Swimming Pool, Boat Harbor Waiting By Adolph Bremcr The ambitious postwar plan to improve the community facilities, on the lirst completions wero checked In 1948, will continue In 1949 without hestitation. Under the leadership of Wl- nona city council, various city and civic officials pushed through to completion these gains for the com- munity in 1948: 1. The city's first airport, with three surfaced run- ways. One of them Is feet long. 2. A new surfaced road to and on Prairie Island, a relatively undeveloped recreational area of vast potentialities. Eventually the road will continue to the airport. This road Is also a protective dike in. high water stages, for the airport. 3. Enlargement of the play tar field at Gabrych park and con- struction ol .a capacity grandstand. 4. Dredging: of a. small-boat harbor and Mississippi river ac- cess road in the East End, near the Armour Fertilizer Works plant. But several other Improvements, major and minor, were gotten under way in 1948: 1. The long-delayed extension of sewer lines, Involving the lay- Ing of feet of interceptor lines (now about 80 per cent completed) and the construction of two lift stations (now about 50 per cent 2. The improvement of Ath- letic park, where a fence was erected in preparation for con- struction of a new grandstand. Since only was appropri- ated for next year as a sinking fund for financing the grand- stand, it Is unlikely that tlio stand will be built in 1949. 3. Laying of storm sewers In Isolated areas. 4. A administration. building for the new airport, financed without a penny of city of Winona tax money. With the exception of Athletie His was the first filing for the office now held by John Druey. Next Wednesday Is the last filing day. Mr. Eddie, owner and operator of Bridget's Laundries, was one of the founders of the Winona Junior Chamber of Commerce and was its president In 1933 and 1934, the first two years of its existence. He wasj also the choice one year as the! four projects. The expecta- "outstandlng young man of the1 year." In 1948 he headed the senior or- Association of Com- merce. areas and homes. On sewer of the extensions and lift is slated for about August, but be- fore then the council will begin munity Chest drives. A native of Louisville, Ky., and a graduate of the University of Ken- tucky, the first candidate for mayor Joined the J, R. Watkins Company organization in Memphis, and City Engineer Carl W. Frank esti- mates that within the next two or three years between and 000 feet of will be laid on an assessment basis. came to Winona In 1932. When he storm sewers-For the current, left the firm in 1946 he was citylyear was appropriated; for sales manager. I next year Some has al- After a brief time with the Koch ready been expended. The amount !hemical Company, he started available Is not regarded as sub- Bridget's laundry in 1947. This year stantlal. le purchased the Busse laundry at 514 West Fourth street, and the known as Bridget's ,wo are now Laundries. Mr. Eddie, his wife and daugh- Iter live at 11814 West Fourth street. Troubled World Moving Into 1949 By Edwin Shanke i London A troubled world will usher in the new year rope with credentials from the Pres- the hope that 1949 may brln better days< The east_west to tolethe" cold war and various shooting wars form a backdrop. United states. Mr. Truman chuckled.! Europe traditional family celebrations will be observed. Little Is it not remarkable, he revelry is planned. A factor is the deep set belief that conditions to what extent speculation can go? call for soft-pedaling of any riotous ringing in the new year. Airport administration It will be completed next spring, when the airport will be dedicated. J3ut 1949 will see other commu- nity betterment projects started.- (Continued on Pufe 3, Column 4.) AIRPORT Laughingly he suggested that report- ers just keep on speculating it's good. The President denied that Gen- In Paris, many will toast the New Year with champagne. In Brussels according to custom they will greet 194S with beer. Republican-Herald photo HAPPY NEW TEAR That's -what these two cute Winona youngsters are telling you. They are Strand, four, and Sylvia, six, children of Mr. and Mrs. Melvin O. Wedul, 418 Grand street. foundation." eral Douglas MacArthur -had ordersj Londoners will have their first to rearm the State de- chance since 1939 of reverting to partment later described reports that an Oid custom. Eros, god of love, MacArthur had himself suggested jaas been replaced his pedestal such a move as "totally without] overlooking Piccadilly circus, the Broadway London. Thousands again will swarm around the statue to see the new year arrive. In Denmark and Italy, police have banned the traditional New Year's Eve fireworks. The Italian government has pass- ed a special decree outlawing one of the country's oldest No Paper Saturday Following Its usual custom, The Republican-Herald will omit publication tomorrow, New Year's day, to allow its em- ployes to spend the day with their families. at midnight. Economy and public safety were the reasons given for the ban. Many capitals reported that high prices and low earnings will cut the New Year's Eve fanfare. Belgian housewives will get a spe- cial oil and sugar will go on free sale January 1, making WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Generally fair tonight and Saturday. No Im- portant temperature change. Low tonight 15 in the city, ten in rural areas; high Saturday 32. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 22; minimum, 9; noon, 20; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota and Wisconsin: Tem- peratures will average normal to four degrees below normal. TBe normal maximum Is n In northern Minnesota to 34 in southern Iowa. Normal minimum one below zero in Minnesota. Colder northwest sec- tion Saturday and entire area Sun- day. Warmer Tuesday or Wednes- day. Precipitation light generally less than one-tenth inch. Light snow Saturday and Saturday night in Europe to abandon rationing. The Soviet news agency, Tass, said Poland has also announced she will abolish rationing the first of the year. Vienna will revive the prewar the tossing of chamber pots and ceremony of trumpeters playing fan- other crockery out ol the window lares while church bells peal. Belgium one of the first countries most sections and other northern part again about Wednesday. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE. Denver 45 Des Moines 32 Kansas City .......41 Miami 73 Mpls.-St. Paul 27 10 22 27 45 17 ;