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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 30, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Light Snow and Colder Tonight, Sunday Listen to KWNO New Year's Eve VOLUME 50, NO. 267 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SATURDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 30, 1950 WINONA, MINNESOTA, TWENTY PAGES Full Foreign Policy Debate Urged 25th Division Soldien find Korean carrying frames ideally fuited for their purpose as they trudge along a muddy road near Korea's northwest front. Carrying sleeping mats and stove pipes are Sergeant Carl Howard, left, of Belfast, Maine, and Private First Class Daniel Wellman, of Escanaba, Mich. S. Army Photo via A. P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Sabres Tangle With Russ Jets Fly Tokyo BI Swift F-86 Sabre jets and Russian-built Mig 15 jet planes fought the biggest air bat- tle of the Korean war late today near the Manchurian border. Forty Migs swooshed out of the Manchiurian skies and tangled with 15 American Sabres in a dogfight of dazzling speeds. Two Migs were damaged. AH the American planes returned safely j to their base. In an earlier, smaller jet fight I Saturday, American Sabres shot j down one Mig and damaged anoth-1 er near Sinuiju in northeast Ko- I rca. State Legislature To Open Tuesday St. Minnesota's 57th legislature will open Tuesday noon for a 90-day working session that is expected to struggle with re- quests for many more millions of dollars to operate state govern- ment. Governor Youngdahl will take his oath of office for a third term The American pilots said they Wednesday noon. Use of Copper Banned in 300 Civilian Items NPA Order Aims To Save Metal For Defense Work Washington The govern- ment today prohibited nonessential use of copper in more than 300 ci- viliau products, effective March L The banned uses vange from pots and pans, building hardware, furniture and electrical appliances to jewelry, toys, cocktail shakers j and paper clips. The order was issued by the Na- tional Production Authority to con- serve copper for "defense and de- fense-supporting said Wil- liam H. Harrison, the NPA ad- ministrator. Throughout the list except in the case of such items as toys and other nonessentials copper will be permitted where it serves a functional purpose, as in working parts, and where no practical sub- stitute is available. 'Bright Work' Cut But the NPA action completely eliminates copper from "bright work" and trim on automobiles, as well as in auto wheel disks, de- frosters and heaters, gas tank caps, mirrors and brackets. Also on the forbidden list are copper door hinges, house num- bers, clothes hangers, cabinet and furniture hardware, drains and downspouts, radiator covers, roof- ing, shower parts, towel bars, weather stripping, and windows. Use of copper in virtually all dress and clothing accessories, ev- en to snaps and hooks and eyes, is barred. .It is forbidden as well in costume jewelry, ash tnays and humidors, fireplace fixtures, trunk and luggage hardware, automatic pencils, clock cases, umbrellas, and tableware. In the field of consumer dur- able goods, the only, permitted use of copper will be as an electri- cal conductor or working parts in such household items as washing machines, vacuum cleaners, re- frigerators, floor polishers, food mixers, toasters, hair driers, tric irons and electric razors. Harrison emphasized that the or- der does not forbid the manufac- ture of the articles themselves. And Vicinity will be ready for the increased power de- mands that accompany mobilization for war. Smoke rolls out of the stacks of Mississippi Valley Public Service Company's present steam electric plant here. It is dwarfed by the addition, on the right. Inside, this building, part of a expansion project, a kilowatt .turbine i? just about installed. When ready for operation in April, it will boost the capacity of the steam plant to kilowatts, exclusive of the energy available from the hydro-electric plant at Hatfield, Wis. (Turbine picture on page 8.) Republican-Herald Photo saw one Mig plunge into the earth in flames from 1.500 feet. They said the other on its back, streaming smoke in a downward I p'.unge at low altitude. Cut into South Korea On (he ground, two Communist j forces swung 12 to 13 miles deep i into South Korea on the U. S. j Eighth army's icy eastern flank. An Eighth army spokesman said Visited Nations defender; were "in contact" with the force of 5.000 Reds. It was operating in the hill country 32 miles inland from the Sea of Japan. The smaller Communist force of 2.000 troops was only ten miles in- Americans to Welcome New Year in Prayer, Revelry Sunday Night land from the east coast. There was no indication from Army headquarters that a battle had begui. Details of the war's biggest air To many, it will be a moment battle sketchy. The Air I to forget accumulated cares the Force said the fight began at past and celebrate the fresh be- p.m. The Migs with their swept-back wings and the sleek Sabres fought from 25.000 feet down to 3.000 feet. The Communist Air Force has shown increasing willingness to fight as its ground forces of Ko- rean and Chinese Reds massed along parallel 38 for the second invasion of South Korea. General MacArthur has predict- ed the invasion will start rolling between January 1 and 10. Situation Grave Lieutenant General Matthew B. By The Associated Press Americans, in their various ways, will bid farewell tomorrow to an old year and an old hall' century, and observe the start of a new cycle of time. Some will do it with revelry, and some with prayer. Across the nation, the recreation spots and the places of wor.ihip prepared to mark the advent of 1951 and of the second half of the i much: 20th centurv. Taff Predicts 10% Slash in Living Standards Cincinnati U. S. Senator Robert A. Taft (R.-Obio) predict- ed yesterday that if America goes through with the military program now shaping up, it is headed for a ten per cent slash in its stand- ard of living. And, he warned, it's "not go- ing to be easy." I Taft, head of the Senate G.O.P. policy committee, said "it would j require a ten per cent sacrifice in our standard of living if we are going to devote as much of our output to military needs as we seem to be In a speech at a Masonic club luncheon, Taft said the "American people should be told all the prob- lems confronting this nation." "The people should seriously consider the tremendous cost of maintaining a standing army of three to four million he as- serted, adding that in ten years, it might, accomplish "almost as as a Russian victory. YEAR OF TRANSITION ginning. To others, it will be a time of soul-searching for guidance in the future. With the world, and America, beset by deep anxieties, hundreds of churches, under the leadership of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the U. S. A., have set a day of prayer. Some will hold night-long serv- ices into the New Year. Monday Holy Day New Year's day is a Roman j Catholic Holy day, so Catholics will attend mass both Sunday and Mon- Ridsway, the new United Nations day. field commander in Korea, stress-i For sports enthusiasts it is a ed the gravity of the situation con- j day spiced with varied fare. The fronting Allied troops. In a end statment, he told his year- com- mand: "We face severe trials. We shall need dogged determination in at- tack and utmost tenacity in de- fense." He compared the adversities to those that faced Washington's sol- diers st Valley Forge. But Ridg- added: "I have complete confidence in your ultimate success." MacArthur's war summary said U. troops engaged Red patrols in sporadic action. feature is the windup of the foot- ball season, with half a dozen bowl games across the nation. The dean of these is California's Rose bowl, which annually draws about fans to Pasadena. In the nightclubs and show- places, will be funny hats, noise and what is generally known as whoopee. New York's Times square will be jammed Sunday night, as it is every year. And the extra cops on duty will have their usual non- alcoholic headache with the traffic jam. The Front Half of the trailer teeters over the edge csf a fence on a concrete bridge near Palisade Park, N. J., after the cab crashed to the pavement 31! feet below. The driver, Albert Boisvelt of Rhode Island, who was ia the cab at the time, was hospitalized. P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Improvements Gird Community For New National Defense Role This mid-20th century year of 1950, which started the slide to the year has been a year of transition in another fashion. As the world has turned from one half century to another, so have Winonans all Americans turned from one thing to another. On the one hand, Winona and nearby communities have been absorbed in community improvements. For instance: In Winona, a new high building volume was set, and such large and expensive projects as a new cathedral for the diocese of Winona, a new Lincoln school, a doubling of steam electric power and a new Y. M. C. A. were either started or were under way, A tremendous highway improvement program was at its peak. Across the river, in four Wisconsin counties alone, about was spent on highway construction or major re- pairs. In Winona, a five-year sanitary sewer and. water mam ex- tension program Involving over 20 miles of lines was virtually completed. In Winona employment surged back uver the 10.000 and an all-time high, something over J is predicted in 1951. That new all-time employment high was tied with something else the other thing Winonans, and all Americans, were turning to: War. As the year was ending there was plenty of indications that the Korean incident had brought to an end a brief peacetime inter- lude of five years when communities could concentrate on themselves: It was guessed, on this eve of 1951, that possibly some 600 Winonans viight already be serving in the armed forces, by reason of the draft, by voluntary enlistment, by recalls of Reservists and shortly by the federalization of the local National Guard company. At least three Winona. firms had contracts directly related to the expansion of the armed forces. Some 50 families in eight Southeastern Minnesota and West- ern Wisconsin counties had been notified that their sons, or hus- bands, had become casualties of fighting in Korea. The transition back to mobilization came almost before Americans had slopped talking -about the shortages and the civilian curtailments of World War II. There were rumors, for instance, during the year that the supply of new automobiles had finally caught up with the demand; true or false, by the end of the year some manufacturers were already again restricting civilian production. But this brief peacetime interlude of five years has been productive for this Hiawatha valley region. Some of the the last of the quintet of years, 1950, are summarized on the inside pages. _____ State Airports Part of Area Defense Plan St. Paul Minnesota's pri- mary and secondary airports as well as civilian aircraft will be used in a defense setup an- nounced Friday by L. L. Schroeder, state aeronautics commissioner. Plans for using the airports and aircraft were distributed today among airport managers, service operators and aircraft owners. Schroeder announced at the same time that a meeting state evia- tiori directors from Minnesota; Wis- consin, the Dakotas, Iowa, Illinios and Nebraska has been called for next Thursday and Friday at Des Moines to co-ordinate defense plans. Colonel E. B. Miller, stale direc- tor of civil defense, said at the same time that the state-wide sys- tem of primary and secondary air- ports "is our second line of civil defense in transportation and com- munication." "The airports removed from the centers of Colonel Mil- ler said, 'provide idea! assembly points for personnel and material. The several thousand available air- craft will be invaluable in case of emergency or disaster for bringing into stricken areas, supplies and trained personnel, and for the pur- pose of evacuation." WEATHER Decision Asked On American Position Abroad Dulles Suggests Ring of Steel Around Russia By Jack Bell Senator Spark- man (D.-Ala.) proposed today a I full ssale Senate debate on for- eign policy to help settle the ris- ing controversy over Western de- i fense plans. Sparkman, who served as a member of the American delega- tion to the United Nations, told reporters he agreed with John Fos- ter Dulles that the United States can never make its defenses im- pregnable by abandoning Europe I and standing alone. But. he added that the issue ought to be discussed in the Sen- ate "without name calling" so the country will get a better chance to decide between the views of President Truman, Sec- retary of State Acheson and Dulles on one side and former President Hoover on the other. Hoover has proposed that U. S. create a Gibraltar of de- fense in the Western hemisphere and not "land another man or an- other dollar" in Europe until Eu- ropean nations "erect a sure dam against the red flood." Dulles, on the other hand, said in a New York speech last night that the free world should join in ringing the Soviet orbit with eco- nor.iic, political and military strength. Citef Lack of Confidence The G.O.P. foreign affairs advis- er to the State department added that the "only effective defense for us and for should the So- viet union decide on open war, "is the capacity to counterattack." Senator Taft speaking al Cincinnati, said: "There is a great lack of confi- dence in Washington felt through- out the whole country. We are con- tinually wavering between panic and reassurance. One moment we are told that Russia will attack tomorrow; and another, that we can work the whole thing out in time." Senator Douglas (D.-I11.) said that, by implication, Dulles "has put the finger on the weamiess of the Hoover position if we aban- don Europe and Asia we give up most of the air bases we need to defend ourselves against attack." The top Republican foreign pol- icy adviser, in a speech before the American Association for the Unit- ed Nations, said five years of the cold war with Soviet Russia had shown that "only as we sought to help others could we save our- selves." "Solitary defense is never im- he said in a cloaked reply 1o former Republican Presi- dent Herbert Hoover's recent de- mand for a revised foreign policy. Hoover urged that the U. S. with- dravy from Europe and Asia and make its oceans the frontiers of an American Gibraltar. Instead, Dulles suggested an ec- onomic, political and military ring around the Soviet world to make Russia pay dearly for any new ag- gression. Then, Uie free world will have the "capacity to counter-attack" all-out war comes, Dulles declar- ed. However, Dulles admitted that not every free country on the rim of Soviet power can be made safe Stassen Conferring In South Africa Capetown, South Africa Harold E. Stassen, president of the University of Pennsylvania, had a long private talk Friday with Prime Minister Daniel Malan. Robert Matteson, an American research expert who is accompany- ing Stassen on his current world tour, said the talk with Malan was "most cordial, friendly and en- lightening." No Paper Monday There will be no publication of The Republican-Herald on Monday, New Year's day. Reg- ular publication schedules will be resumed on January 2. Over the weekend local as well as national and world news will be featured prominently by and FM at periods designated in the radio pro- gram schedule found elsewhere in tnk edition. FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy, occasional light snow to-, night and Sunday. Colder Sunday. I (Continued Column 4.) Low tonight ten above in city, six in country. High Sunday 25. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations fnr the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 18; minimum, 4; noon, 18; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Free Duluth..............13 Paul 7 Rochester ..........11 Chicago ............29 Denver Des Moines ........25 Kansas City ........38 Los Angeles ........65 Miami.............78 New York ..........39 Phoenix ............68 Seattle .............52 Washington.........37 Winnipeg -..........13 i l l 34 16 39 22 44 69 32 37 32 26 .72 DEBATE Man Dies Trying To Rescue Sick Brother in Fire i Lake City, Minn. An 82-year- i old man died of a heart attack at i Hammond; Minn., early today after I trying to rescue his tick brother from a flaming bed. Thomas Copp, retired bachelor farmer, collapsed, and died shortly after neighbors carried his 80-year- old brother, Peter, to safety from their blazing home. Peter is in fair condition in the Lake City hospital with burns on the neck and hamls. ;