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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 30, 1948, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 267 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 30, 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES! Dutch Wind Up Indonesian Drive Truman Set For Opening Of Congress Plane Talked Down' to Safe Washington Landing By Jerry Korn Tru- back from his Christ- mas holiday after a dramatic talk- down landing through fog and rain In earnest today preparations for the new Congress, j Mr. Truman gave a group of officials some long, Jittery moments yesterday while his plane groped down a radar lane to, a National] airport runway after circling in the! mist for more than 40 minutes. As cabinet members and other: government officers stood anxiously in the rain, the President, by his own word, was "reading and sleep- Ing." Worried? "Oh. my goodness, Mr. Truman returned from a week with his family In Missouri to a deskload of work. These matters were awaiting his attention for re- lay to Capitol hill, where the Demo- cratic-controlled 81st Congress goes to work January 3: Flans State of Union The annual State of the Union message, which he will deliver in person on Wednesday; his economic report and then his budget requests for the year starting July 1; and a vital foreign policy wrap-up which Congress will get later in the month. Despite that heavy schedule and the tricky landing which wound up his Christmas holiday, It was a smiling, Jaunty chief executive who greeted the relieved crowd of about 100 persons at the airport. For 44 minutes, the President's Greater Unity Of U.S. Armed Services Asked Forrestal Warns U. S. Must Rearm Non-Red Europe By Elton C. Fay Washington Secretary of G.I. Gripes Get Action Defense Forrestal set the stage me up." Chiang's Decision Awaited on Peace Proposal for China China today awaited a decision by Presi- dent Chiang Kai-shek and his top military commanders whether the new year will be ushered in by continuing war or peace. The decision, Nanking sources said, may be made at a con- ference of Chiang and his top military men here. The militarists in late February to see that condi-1 gathered from all parts of China reportedly to decide whether to tioas have I expect] keep trying to stop the victorious communists or bid for peace. On the war front itself there By Alex H. Slnjlcton O. S. Air Force Base At Burton- wood, England Gripes from American GJ.'s at this big aircraft depot won today a firm promise of better living conditions soon. Airforce officials here disclosed that Secretary 'or Air Stuart Symington before leaving for home last night had allocated an extra to make that promise good. With it went Symington's blunt declaration that he will be back he told air officials In day lor a possible new fight Congress with his plea for power over the nation's anned serv- 1 night and day to keep the airlift p anes flying. comparative quiet. The communists' themselves seem- At the same time, the cabinet officer declared this country must help rearm noncommunlst Europe even though the cost "may neces- sitate I pie." hard decisions by our peo- Two Scientists are shown checking the University of Michigan's huge new synchrotron at Ann Arbor which will be used to split the nuclei of atoms for advanced atomic research. After an initial test, the 15-ton, electron-volt machine has been pronounced a success. Shown above Dr. H. H. Crane, left, co-designer of the synchrotron, and George Grover, a research associate. (A.P. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) Speed and Distance May Evaporate Missiles By Howard W. Blakeslee, Associated Press Science Editor New Haven, a guided missile shooting at DC-6 Independence hovered at J, feet in the soupy skies above nearby Dere- Mt. Vernon, waiting for a chance to let down througa the fog-blanket- ing Washington. Below the Independence 'were stacked three commercial airliners. Lieutenant Colonel Francis (French) Williams, Mr. Truman's pilot, stayed aloft until his turn came, keeping close radio contact with ths field, which had only a quarter of a mile visibility. The Independence could have had landing priority, a Civil Aeronautics administration official said, but the President didn't request it. Plane Talked Down j Like the flights before it, the In- j dependence finally -was "talked" down by an airport traffic con- from half around the world wU1 evaporate before it gets He found a base restless with Tai the flproaches to e oun a ase resess w N._ki ltself reDortpdiv wprp re bad with grumbling ltse11' were re" threatened efficiency in repairing and overhauling the transport planes. Symington acted promptly. grouping. For itself, the United States "Is j less vulnerable today" than it was I choose. They did. If the Chiang decision is to con- jtinue the war, an all-out attack by! Hei1116 communists might burst with called a meeting of the G.I.'s Iur? in early January. They] told them to write down almost all of North China if theyiabove tne Yangtze and are not like- !ly to let the advantage slip while Law Banning Badger Utility Strikes Upheld Milwaukee Circuit Judge DjambiOil Fields Taken In Sumatra Major Republican Centers Under Holland's Control 1COO V LLLUCLaUiC LrULia V UlliVll ip WttO J. J.J.WJ MJ.W. when the Army, Navy and Air Force! Symington rounded up American the hard-pressed Chiang tries to 'Daniel Sullivan today upheld the were unified a year ago last Sep-1 Airforce officials In Britain and laid fember, Forrestal said. But he added that this Is not enough: "We must do all in our power to recreate the confidence and hope of Europe." Forrestal did not say what "hard decisions" he had in mind. But plainly he meant the possibility of higher taxes and more shortages at home while more American dollars and goods are poured into the dike being erected against Russian com- munist aggression. His first annual report, made public last night, was devoted large- ly to a review of the military estab- lishment under his direction, to- gether with recommendations to the White House for changes in the unification law. Working on New Program i L rn i But it was spiced by a terse but This evaporation of solids traveling to 100 miles above intriguing notation that military the reported to the American Astronomical society j scientists are working on an "earth troller radar. Reno Earth Keeps Shaking Residents Anxious In Nearby Towns Reno, earth! tremors added today to "the anxiety! The today at Yale university. Shooting stars, "astronomers said, sometimes simply vanish because of their speeds in the airways of future wars. Their Impact on the thin air produces heat that peels off their atoms. 'j This study of a ballistics satellite vehicle a man-made moon from which great destruction might be heaped on any threatening nation. The chief, but not unexpected, recommendation from Forrestal was that the unification act be amended to give the defense secretary more down his Instructions for a quick remedy. They've scouted around the ma- terial for the work that needs doing. Now that they have the money to pay for it, the work will be un- derway within a few days. Wife's Wrist Cut Accidentally, Roosevelt Says ?ef5lse.s. constitutionality low the broad river at Nanking's doorstep. Spencer Moosa, Associated Press law prohibiting utilities. of the strikes Wisconsin In public -i.ti.WOtV, A A (-OO J 1 J I J 1 il_ correspondent in Peiplng, said there! He declared In a decision that were Indications that that a cannot be said that the right tical settlement of the war was (to strike, engage In collective bar- He cited these facts: 1. The new supervisory corps has stopped the demolition of buildings previously ordered destroyed in preparation of Peiping's defenses. 2. Work on pillboxes and other defense work has been suspended. 3. Strict censorship of Chinese newspapers Is believed aimed at pre- venting a leak of the news on peace gaining or to contract with refer- ence to wages and conditions of employment are absolute or beyond the power of the state to regulate as the public Interest may require." In enacting tho ban on strikes In Bv Harris Jackson Batavia, Java The Dutch announced today they have seized the last economically Important area controlled by the Indonesian re- public, the DJambl oil fields In southern Sumatra. "On the whole the Installations were the communique said, referring obliquely to republi- can scorched earth tactics. to set flre to them resulted In few unimportant fires only. Resist- ance was negligible." A republican radio station, broad- casting from "somewhere in said guerrillas made synchronized attacks early yesterday on Dutch- leld Malang, Semarang, Wollkukun and Bandjarnegara. Some buildings were destroyed at Malang, policemen posted at the ;own's borders were captured and 'torn torn beating by the population added to the confusion of the de- 'endlng Dutch said broadcast, heard in Batavia. The seizure of DJambl Wednes- day marked part of the Dutch army's race to complete its cam- paign before the imposition of public utilities, the legislature exer- jfire orders. The Dutch told the cised police power inherent in council Wednesday1 thesa sovereignty, Judge Sullivan be effective in Java at mid' It thus was empowered to prescribe regulations to promote the public moves rather than military infor-1health, morals and safety and' to (prohibit all things injurious to the program of theTJ. S. Navy report- ed today by Dr. Fred L. Whlpplej of Harvard college observatory. The' military authorities are using shoot- Ing star photos to study the upper reaches. Examine Stan shooting stars are mostly who followed its course by of residents of Reno and nearby; sand grain size. Few are larger Tower Chief Stanley Seltzer said the controller brought the plane to within about 25 feet of the ground. But Williams, apparently as un- concerned over the affair as the President, said he could see ground from about 500 feet. "I wouldn't have come In if it were towns, shaken vigorously by a strong earthquake early yesterday. than marbles. Many of these evap- orate completely. A big rocket, or There was widespread damage but other flying weapon won't evaporate no injuries In yesterday's temblor felt throughout north central Cali- fornia. University of Nevada seismologist, Vincent P. Gianella warned that all Indications pointed to further so easily. But If it goes fast enough It is likely to suffer from this van- ishing trouble. In Canada, radar is In use for an direct authority, over the three arm- ed services. Without referring directly to the biter feud between the Air Force and Navy over long range bombing and super-carriers, Forrestal said there have been "many arguments and disagreements." And, he added, "there are still great areas In which the viewpoints of the services have not come together." He left no doubt he wants to be able to tell the services to get to- make his order stick. Another Forrestal recommenda- tion concerned the creation of the post of undersecretary who, as "alter even bigger shooting star to the secretary, would be- not only for guided missiles but j come the acting chief of the military dangerous he told newsmen aft-quakes -possibly another heavy also for radio communication. establishment in the.absence of the erward. It was a routine letdown The Canadian work is by the Do-! secretary, procedure which commercial alr-j It was he said, that yester-! minion observatory at Ottawa and Chanje for Air Guard lines are domg some place every day j day.s quake dld not OCCUI National Research council, it in the year. Qj heavy population and tall! was reported today by Dr. Peter M. in any real emergency, he said, buudlllgs. it had, it certainly JMillman and Dr. W. H, McKinley. wouldn't have been a nice thing to Gianella reported that a crack in Radar Study By Radar finds shooting stars the eye never sees. It finds 50 times he could have flown all the way to Key West. Fla., Mr. Truman's fav- orite vacation spot. As the President stepped out of the plane, a reporter said: "We've been worried down here." "Oh. is that grinned Mr. Truman. "I've been asleep up there." of "toe shock' (hears these meteors as whistles, and Gianella last night reported that also photographs then- tracks. The slight tremors still were show heights and positions, on the seismograph at the rate of, The pictures also reveal long trails four or five an hour. They generally, of electrified air often left by the Forrestal steered away from an- other subject certain to arouse wrath in of the ground National Guard. He didn't go along with the proposal of a special advisory committee for the earth's surface had been Around Ottawa radar has federal control of the state military on a ranch a mile northwest of [been finding ten shooting stars a! organizations. however, re- Verdi. Verdi, a community of 200 j minute, a recorded a total of about ten miles west of Reno, re- since last summer. Radar Guard Pilots Fight Federal Control were too light to be felt. The meteors, of shocks began Monday night. j cameras. but invisible to eyes or The quake knocked down some' The shooting stars show that the telephone and power lines, but serv-jthin upper air is somehow lumpy. ice continued through underground; This lumpiness appears on radar as commanding I circwts. At Verdi, windows were spots of extra electrification. What this may mean to weapons or radio officer of the Maryland Air National toppled, and plast- Guard said last night it is a matter !er dislodged "of absolute fact" that many guard pilots will resign if a proposed mer- ger of the National Guard air forces' with the Federal Air Reserve is J3VE5 put into effect. Lieutenant Colonel Robert L. Gould, who heads this state's air forces, said the Air National Guard feder- Dickinson Elroy Beneke, is not known. Moorhead Blackout Moorhead, Minn. Sections Dickinson cab driver, said his two-1 of Moorhead underwent a 20 minute year-old Cocker Spaniel saved nisi blackout last night because a stoker is opposed aiization in any form." his nd to awaken feeding a boiler at the city power wnen one-room home caught plant broke down. Two of three He called the air guard "A grow- flre yesterday. The dwelling was circuits, including one serving the ,g concern, .a proven enterprise of destroyed with loss set at I business district, were cut off. Ing merit that could render a good account of itself in combat right now." The Federal Ah- Reserve is "a stepchild of the regular services, ai paper organization with very little! training of any Colonel Gould 1 said. j He contended federalization would substitute "the reserve idea" for the present Air National Guard, "a force in being." "We can't see why they want to scrap a going organization for an idea that has proven a failure so he added. commend federalization of the Air National Guard. mation, 4. There has been little fighting there for the past several days. 5. Many national assembly dele- gates In Peiplng have been openly discussing means of obtaining peace in China. Meanwhile, peace rumors in the money mar- ket. The gold yuan, which sank to 165 to yesterday recovered to 120 to The price dropped similarly. of gold bullion night New Year's eve and in Suma- tra two or three days later. The Dutch position ever since "police action" of 1947 has that the Dutch occupy not been only the areas where their troops are in but also colurani actual physical position, the areas between their penetrating into the interior. Thli view was sustained In effect by tht Renville truce agreement. The Dutch have occupied all ma- jor republican cities in Java uid have linked up many of them. The capture of DJambl opens the way port Company. Judge Sullivan's decision was the ened. Bank interest rates went to 120 per cent a month. Enlarge Slate Aid, Harbo Tells MEA Minneapolis, L. S. Harbo, Winona superintendent of was not the point at issue and sent schools and chairman of the case back to the lower court, nesota Education association legls- The unions charged that the state public welfare, he added. The decision was given in two suits, both challenging the 1947 law and both naming the Wisconsin Employment Relations board as co- defendant. The C.I.O. United Gas, Coke and Chemical Workers Union Local 18 brought an action against the Milwaukee Gas Light Company, and in another case division 998 ofj the Amalgamated Association oil Street and Electric Railroad Em- Ior a similar linkup, between Dutch ployes of America (A.F.L.) started in northern and southern Su- suit against the Milwaukee Trans- matra- (This dispatch passed through Dutch censorship. The Indonesian first circuit court ruling In a case republicans have no standard in which the constitutionality orjchannels to the_outslde worW.) the law was challenged In another case In circuit court at Madison, the applicability of the law was ques- tioned but Judge Alvln C. Reis held the act unconstitutional. On an appeal, however, the state supreme ative committee, today advocated Iberallzatlon of the state's educa- Jonal aid program. At a meeting of the MEA work- top here Wednesday, T. J. Bern- ng, assistant state commissioner of education, laid out a program which would raise the present per pupil recognized as valid the placing of Despite the speed of the Dutch advances, news correspondents and photographers are still not permit- ted to visit the fronts. Requests today to see the south Sumatran fighting brought a flat refusal. This court 'ruled toalTconstitutionaUtyInverses the Dutch policy of last year, when newsmen accompanied troops. __......_ End of Fighting tion by denying "due process of law, I Pledged to U.N. imposed Involuntary servitude on; _ the workers and impaired the ob- ligations of contract. Judge Sullivan held that the United States Supreme Court had act violated the federal constitu- grant from to I public utility employes in a separate Mrs. Elliott Roosevelt Poughkeepsle, N. Y. Elliott p the realms Into which military scientific thinking now reaches. The existence of the program was about all the report said of the subject, but It opened up conjec- ture. The generally accepted conclusion Is that the program Involves studies of the feasibility of establishing, out on the perimeter of space, an artificial, man-made satellite. From it, rocket attacks- might be directed onto enemy nations on the earth. There is nothing new In the Idea of sending aloft a rocket which, upon reaching a point where the gravitational attraction of the earth becomes neutralized, would estab- lish an orbit around the earth, like that of the moon. It has been considered for years, in an abstract Truman Hopes to Keep Security Costs Avoid Rationing Hastings Bridge Building Begins (Editor's Note: This is the last of three stories on "How much our foreign policy costs and By John M. Hightower, Associated Press Diplomatic Reporter Tin- man apparently is determined to actually in force. Hastings (ff) crews were doing Pile-driving the first work here today on the span which will replace the famous Hastings spiral bridge. The new structure, expected to cost about will re- quire two years to put up. hold military costs next year to the lowest figure he considers safe In the present uneasy state of the world. He is said to be eager to avoid straining this country's production to a point where rationing and price will ask Congress once again next week for standby controls. But they say that barring some great new world emergency you probably can count on getting through the next year of huge for- eign aid and rearmament programs without any new home front curbs cookstoves? And if there are to rearm Prance or for the Ameri'- can Army, there might not be enough- steel left to make cook- stoves. Then he would lace the question: Should he reduce the num- cut wrist. He says' he made clear: concerning hi wants these points Harbo however, stated that the class for purposes of regulation, figure should be increased to a year to compensate for rising op- rational costs and urged workshop members to ask their legislators to support the higher figure. Two Goldfish Stolen Marshall Plan Aid Requests Cut Paris Requests for Mar- shall plain aid for 1949-50 were Auburn, Ind. The DeKalb trimmed yesterday to about county selective service board check-! ed the loss in a burglary and found That figure is about a typewriter and two goldfish miss-! less than was used in the first yea Emerson ber of tanks or the' number of wound. His Actress-Wife Paye cut herself accidentally. There was no family disagree- ment at the time. Roosevelt held a news conference in the courthouse here yesterday, shortly after he was questioned by Dutchess County District Attorney W. Vincent Grady, who later de- clared the matter closed. "I appeared here Roosevelt said, "Because the press has made so many accusations and insinuations. I came here to clarify the situation and, to put to rest insinuations that she (his wife) tried to commit suicide, that the wound was self-inflicted or that sone one else may have inflicted It." Roo'sevelt said there was "no family disagreement" and thai Dutchess County Sheriff C. Fred Close was "completely wrong in stating that there was disagree- ment." The 31-year-old Miss Emerson suffered the cut early Sunday fol- lowing a family Christmas gather- ing at the couple's Hyde Park home. Roosevelt said his brother, Franklin, D., Jr., and Dr. H., Sher- man Hirst of Hyde Park took her x> a Poughkeepsie hospital, where eight stitches were taken in the ing. The bowl remained. I of the European recovery program The question of controls arises be- cause everything this nation does abroad has its effects at home. It] works the other way around, too.] And as chief of both domestic and foreign policy Mr. Truman has to worry simultaneously about the few stoves, who gets them? too "Her injury was said Roosevelt, "and her life was never controls would have to be clamped! cookstove for your kitchen and the back on. combat tank in France. The President's advisers believe hel II he has to make too many That sort of thing leads to ra- tioning and price controls. Secretary of Defense Forrestal un- derscored that point in his anrnml report last night. He didn't men- tion controls as such, but he said the imperative need of helping 'to 3.) (Continued on Page 3, Column HIGHTOWER in danger." Both Koosevelt and his wife said after the accident that she had accidentally cut her wrist on loose razor when reaching inside a drawer for some aspirin. Afetr questioning Roosevelt yester- day, Grady said "there has been no violation of. the law" and "the investigation is terminated." By Carl Hartman Paris The Netherlands told the United Nations security council Thursday it would stop fighting in Java by midnight, New Year's eve, and In.Sumatra two or three days later. Several delegates, Including Philip C. Jessup of the United States, Immediately Interpreted the Dutch action as defiance of the United Nations. The statement by Dutch Dele- gate Jan Herman Von Royen replied to Wednesday's security council or- der giving the Dutch 24 hours to release captive Indonesian repub- lican leaders, and calling on consular commission in Batavia to report on the Netherlands' com- pliance with the Christmas eva order for a cease-fire in Indonesia. Replying to the council's demand for Immediate release of Indonesian republican leaders, including Presi- dent Soekamo and Premier Mo- hamed Hatta, Van Royen said they would be freed if they promised not to endanger "public security." Van Royen's answer was given just an hour after the 24-hour deadline. Several delegates charged in speeches that the Dutch in both replies refused to comply with the (Continued on Pace 3, Column I.) INDONESIA WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Pair and not so cold tonight; low five to eight above. Friday partly cloudy and warmer; high 28. ____ LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 32, minimum, noon, 9; precipitation, none; tan. sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Free. Jinx Falkenberr gets some help from Songwriter Irving Berlin, left, and Comedian Bob Hope ag she rides a bag of airlift coal down the chute from a C-54 Skymaster at Berlin's Tempelhof airport. They flew to Berlto to entertain airlift personnel and Berlin troops. Wirephoto to The Chicago 38 25 Denver ............35 16 Des Moines ........32 7 Duluth 25 9 Kansas City........30 13 Los Angeles........65 48 Miami 75 71 Mpls.-St. Paul......27 5 New Orleans.......69 37 New York..........52 49 Seattle 50 35 Phoenix............ 63 38 Washington........58 47 Winnipeg..........12 .28 Jai JO JO .87 ;