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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 29, 1953, Winona, Minnesota 15 Below in City Tonight, 20 Below in Country Wear Your Winter Carnival Emblem NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 32 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 29, 7953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Roaring Flames swept toward a road in the mountains just above Monrovia, near Los Angeles, Monday, as a huge brush fire swept on out of control. Many mountain cabins have been burned, persons evacuated from their homes, and the towns of Sierra Madre and upper Monrovia are threatened. (AP Wirephoto) 1000 Battle Forest Fires at Mt Wilson LOS ANGELES Wilson's valuable observatory and tele- vision equipment were still safe today as more than men bat- tled two forest fires in the San Gabriel Mountains. High winds which fanned the flames yesterday had abated, but the fire creeping up Mt. Wilson was reported near the top and in YotHiSeeThT First Over Here, Scientists Say BOSTON boss, if you use this story on the front page of your newspaper, put it on the left side. A technical guy claimed today editors have been all wrong anlj spread to adjoining canyons. in believing the right side drew i Lower edges of this fire have most attention of readers. from time to time threatened out- Herman F. Brandt, director of I skirts of Monrovia and Sierra Board Named To Head Off Rail Strike 15 Non-Operating Unions Press for Welfare Demands AUGUSTA. Ga. Eisenhower today created an em- ergency board to head off a threat- ened strike of more than million railroad workers represented by 151 non-operating unions. j The union members all are such employes as clerks and track walk- ers who don't work on the moving trains. The dispute affects 150 railroads operating throughout the country. Creation of the three-man em- e-.gency board means that under terms of the Railway Labor Act the 15 unions are barred from strik- ing for a 60-day period. Eisenhower's vacation headquar- ters here said the members of th_e board will be named in a few days. During the 60-day no-strike per- iod the board will hold hearings and recommend settlement terms. The last half of the two-month per- iod is reserved for union-manage- ment negotiations on the'basis of the board's findings. Eisenhower's executive order setting up the board said the dis- pute threatens "substantially to in- terrupt, interstate commerce to a degree such as to deprive the coun- try of essential transportation serv- ice. The 15 non-operating unions re- cently took a strike vote, after which it was announced that more than 90 per cent of the members approved a walkout. No strike date was set, however. The unions have no pending wage increase demands but have asked for a variety of health-welfare and similar fringe demands. The situation has been compli- cated by the fact that the rail- places was estimated variously as from 200 yards to one-quarter mile from observatory structures. Some acres had been swept in this area, and another in the second fire 20 miles eastward, below Mt. Baldy, foresters said. Approximately persons have been evacuated from both regions, but a recheck last night showed the number of unoccupied cabins roads have filed suit in federal court in Chicago, claiming that under the railway labor law they are not compelled to bargain on many of the health-welfare and other union demands. Some of those demands are: Life insurance paid for by the railroads in a coverage sum equal to the worker's annual pay, with a minimum of hospital, sickness and disability benefits for employes and their families; wide- New Year's Death Toll May Hit 360 CHICAGO The nation's traffic death toll over the New Year's weekend, the National Safety Council estimated today, may reach 360. The council said its esti- mate was for immediate traf- fic deaths only and covered the period from 6 p.m. Thursday, New Year's Eve, to midnight Sunday (local The council's advice to the possible 360 victims was: "A wonderful way to start the new year would be to start In the Christmas weekend period of 7S hours, 523 persons lost their lives in traffic acci- dents, 13 more than the coun- cil had predicted. French Discount ortance of PARIS French Foreign Ministry spokesman discounted to- day the military importance of the Vietminh invasion of Laos. He also threw cold water on a suggestion in the Paris newspaper Le Monde that France should ask the United States to send troops to Indochina, now cut in half by the Communist- led move. Dispatches from Saigon Rhee Urges Allies to Join War on Reds Warns Red Forces Seek Destruction Of Free World By WILLIAM BARNARD SEOUL Korean Presi- dent Syngman Rhee today called on the Allies to halt "futile dis- cussions with the Communists" and join his nation in "the last great battle to annihilate the Red forces that seek destruction of the free world." The fiery Korean patriot, in a New Year's message to his people that echoed his previous threats to unify Korea by force, asserted a decisive war with Communism is "eventual and inevitable." A few hours earlier the aged eader pledged to North Koreans in a New Year's greeting, "We will come to your rescue just as soon as we can." Never Forget He told the people of the Com- munist-ruled North "never do we forget, even in the nightmare dreams that haunt us in sleep, the terrible plight in which you are caught." The strong statement appeared to give new life to his repeated threats in the last stages of the war last spring that South Korea would if necessary- to the Yalu River boundary. Rhee reminded Koreans he had agreed to a temporary halt in his aim to unify Korea and had prom- ised the Allies to refrain from uni- lateral action for 90 days after Jana Kay Vickers, 6, and her Christmas doll are doing nicely after both suffered broken right legs when hit by an automobile as they crossed a downtown intersection in Memphis, Tenn. Hospital attendants patched up the doll's leg for Jana. (AP Wire- photo) the start of the Korean peace con. said j ference. there had been no ground contact i But the recent breakoff nf nego- ly enlarged free pass provisions Vietminh and French 1 tiations to set up the conference, for workers and their families; he said, "can be regarded as fi- premium payments for Sunday and Lmon forces m the past 24 .hours- nal." holiday work, and increased French speculated that the! "if the United States continues tion benefits. Vietminh division involved in the tn maintain its nvescnt strone George Leighty spokesman forlPush regrouping, perhaps for the unions, has said the pending an attack southward on Seno, the suit filed by the carriers has an- gered the workers to a point where burned to be about 33. Earlier 136 many of them want a strike. cabins were reported destroyed in Santa Anita Canyon. The fire now menacing Mt. Wilson started there Chicago's Institute of Visual re- search, told a science meeting here that he first interviewed news- paper Madre foothill communities east of Pasadena. Fire equipment from many towns far north as Bakersfield and editors about how they v. thought their readers read the! south to San been front page. Then he checked up j moved in to aid federal, state and on some actual readers, utilizing county foresters. a trickv device called a "photo- j The fire below Mt. Ealay is The suits asks for a declaratory judgment saying the carriers don't have to bargain on the union de- mands for health-welfare and free pass demands. only French strong point in Laos. It is the site of the only airfield large enough to handle transport planes and bombers. Donald Heath, U. S. ambassador I "More than ever we are con- in Saigon, issued a statement deny- vinced that as long as the Chinese to maintain its present strong stand, we shall never have to wait another three or four months in an attempt to prepare for a po- litical conference that is fore- doomed to be he cle- ing newspaper speculation there that the United Stales would send to Indochina the two divisions it is withdrawing from Korea. Heath recalled, however, that Eisenhow- er said American troops would oe maintained in the Far East in suf- ficient numbers to provide socur- itv. Communists are on Korean soil there can be no successful confer- ence and no peace for our suffer- ing country." Biggest Wish eve carawhih showed I north of Claremont, and 700 to federal charges he robbed banks Man Held for Bank Robberies uernes L-narge -The Foreign Ministrv sp0kcsmanifrom communism. INDIANAPOLIS wi -A Rich- was con- to mond, Ind. man Monday denied Sldermg a.skl.nrl ff-nnnc Thnrp i Rhee said it was his biggest wish that "our allies come to realize fully that the war in Korea'1 has i a close link with their future safety n. certain that these sacrifices shall not have been in for how long. "It is apparent from the results of this he reported, "that the majority of the editors be- lieved that the right side of the front page of the daily newspaper received a major portion of at- tention. "The scientific research, howev- er, showed that in spite of the fact a number of the editors would place their pictures and leading stories on the right-hand side, the reader still showed a decided pref- erence for the left side of the page." Ike Asked to Take on By GOP Spokesmen ;evacuated. j mT i_ i saying. ''There JS abso Into- electric eye camera" which snowed ui wdiemum, duu_ ,uu tu leaerai cnarges ne roooeu oanKb: thinE jn' ;t and T elude futile discussi where the folks were looking and j residents in that vicinity were earlier this month at Bondurant, ana can "tny Communists, and to i i___ i fMl ii tf'fl I T mil a 3nr1 TT'illc AT inn ___ __, __. knock out Los Angeles area recep tion but would not affect network operations, which are piped East by another coaxial cable. Late last night observatory per- sonnel sent their wives down the mountain by one remaining safe route and joined the fire crews. Valuable scientific instruments, household effects from six dwell- ings and five automobiles were moved inside the double-walled steel dome that houses the 100- inch telescope One said the 100- inch and 60-inch telescopes, in steel housings, probably would be safe but heat from the fire might de stroy the delicate alignment of oth- cr instruments if the flames ac- WASHINGTON Boiling ituall-v reach (D-Mo.) Monday night called on President Eisenhower to say exact- ly where he stands on such issues as Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis.) and "irresponsible statements" bv sup- FEDERAL FORECAST posedlv responsible Republican Vanity-Cold wave spokesmen. lomght with temperature falling minimum of 15 below in city Boiling said some Democrats will and 2o below in surrounding rural so resent remarks such as made recently by Gov, Thomas E. Dew- ey of New York that "partisan ac- Iowa, and Cannon Falls, Minn., Hershey Denies Draft Charges in Virginia But Harrison, who made public today Hershey's reply to his com- int, said in an interview that he disagrees with the selective ser- By FRANK E.TAYLOR WASHINGTON Gen. Lewis 3. Hershey has denied an assertion by Rep. Burr P. Harrison (D-Va) that the draft machinery in Virginia is being used to help control farm production. plaint ice director. Harrison's charge, in effect, isj that a circular issued to Virginia I draft boards discourages them from giving deferments as essen tial farm workers to youths who are producing primarily crops of which there is a surplus. He said that would make selective service "an instrument of agricultural pro- duction The circular was issued by the Virginia stste draft director, Thom- as W. White. A national selective service official said he knew of no similar circulars in other states. He said state directors are not required to send such material to Washington, "but most do as a matter of information." The Virginia circular said that 'if there is an overproduction of a particular agricultural commodi- ty it can readily be seen that fur- ther production thereof would cer- South Korea Raps India for ROW Report PANMUNJOM Korea's foreign minister today assailed In- dia for backing a report blaming South Korea for sabotaging the ex- planations to balky war prisoners, "We are not Foreign Tu'sslans Minister Pyun Yung Tai declared, must found Says U.S. Sea, Air Forces Will Retaliate New Red Drive In Indochina Perils Thailand WASHINGTON ra Secretary of State Dulles hinted today that U.S. sea and air forces will re- taliate directly, if Communist China openly intervenes in Indochina or renews the fighting in Korea. In a news conference discussion of President Eisenhower's decision to pull two divisions out of Korea, Dulles emphasized that this gov- ernment might meet renewed ag- gression in Korea or open inter- vention in Indochina by striking at the aggressor forces in places outside of Korea and Indochina. He said that while American sower in terms of foot soldiers in Korea is on the decline, its power in terms of other elements ob- viously new weapons is being increased. Eisenhower himself had made much the same points when dis- closing the decision to withdraw divisions from Korea. Dulles Confident Dulles expressed confidence that available French and native forces in Indochina will deal effectively with the new Communist drive across Laos. He said that nothing the Reds iave done in this operation has altered appreciably the time table of operations by which the Ameri- can and French governments hope to break Communist power in Indochina in a year. Furthermore, Dulles said, he does not think the Reds drive presents any present threat to Thailand, bordering Laos on the vest. On other points Dulles: 1. Made clear that the United itates, Britain and France will accept Russia's proposal that the 3ig Four foreign ministers' meet- ing in Berlin be held Jan. 25 or ater. 2. Disclosed he had planned to ake up with Soviet Foreign Minis- er Molotov at Berlin next 3 the meeting now delayed rrangements for negotiation on 'resident Eisenhower's atomic 'ool plan. He said that since the Berlin conference has been put off, alternative way of taking up because we know India will side with the Communists on all im-! portant issues." jn couraKt. ana va-ur iij'- me last The Pacific Telephone Tele-jand challenged the government's! He declared tnat the best reason I grejt battle to annihilate the Red graph Co. reported its coaxial cable I right to hold him. j the French would not ask for Am- j {hat seek the destruction of to the top of Mt. Wilson, where! Murl R. Jarvis, 29, named byiencan troops in Indochina is f w vain rall'iiDon them to con- i tainly not necessary to the main-1 Pyun's attack was the opening the tenance of the national health of an expected South Korean interest, and to defer regis-! thunderclap against India's neutral- trants to continue to produce those ity in the touchy prisoner situa- commodities where there is an tion. overproduction would be unwar-j India, the chairman of the five' elude futile discussions with rise with us (in courage and valor for the last TV transmitters are located was the FBI as the commuting bandit still intact although in danger. Net- work officials have pointed out that who used a commercial airliner to travel between his Indiana home loss of Mt. Wilson facilities would I and the Iowa holdup scene, de- tion will grow out of it." Dewey, twice defeated WEATHER areas. Light snow this afternoon diminishing (o flurries tonight. Wednesday fair and very cold. Highest in afternoon 5 to 8 above. GOP LOCAL WEATHER candidate for president, said ear- lier this month that "Truman" and "Democrat" were "synonymous Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 37; minimum, 21; with Americans dying thousands of! noon' 33: precipitation, trace; sun miles from home because they did j sets tomght_at sun rises to- not have the ammunition to defend I morrow at themselves." AIRPORT WEATHER Unless Eisenhower takes a stand (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 35 at p.m. Mon- on such things Boiling said it is dav, Low 32 at a_m_ very important for Democrats 35, overcast make the people understand that ar feet, visibility 15 miles, the President "has some respon-1 from WCst northwest at 18 sibility for the activities of irre- I miles per hour, barometer 29.69 sponsibles in his party." rising, humidity 74 per cent. they are not needed. "Onlv thus can the free world manded a formal hearing on the complaints against him. U. S. Commissioner Lawrence Turner Jr, set Jan. 8 for a hearing and ordered Jarvis held under bond. Jarvis, father of a 6-year-old son, was arrested Dec. 21 in his Rich- mond apartment. He is charged with the holdup of the First j 100-mile thrust from the Annam National Bank at Cannon. Falls on j coast. The Bangkok dispatches said "The situation is not at all that prevent the launching of Red ag- he said. "The drive into gression and bring lasting peace Laos is more important politically than it is militarily or strategi- cally. There just is not need for more troops now." j Reports from northeastern Thai- land received in Bangkok said most of the Vietminh troops had I to the earth." Rhee declared, "The current in- ternational situation does not per mit us to take the action we so desperately want to but add- ed ominously: "Better that we all die together withdrawn from Thakhek, the Lao-1 than that we leave part tian town on the Thailand border where the Communists halted their Dec. 8 and the robbery of; the Vietminh were apparently ly- in our country and the freeing of people in Solidly unitec in heart, power and purpose, we have resolved to fight resolutely for the eradication of Communism the Bondurant branch of the Mitch-; ing in wait outside the town to jour enchained countrymen, ellville, Iowa, Farmers Savings I trap French forces if they re-j Nothing could deiar Bank Dec. 18. i turned. I that objective." us from Fire Ruined the Second floor of this depart- ment store and water damage to the first floor was extensive in an early morning blaze in West Allis, Wis. Monday. No one was injured in the fire. (UP Telepboto) ranted." Hershey, in his letter to Harri- son, said lie had been assured by White that it was not the state director's intention "to attempt to control the nation's agricultural production." Harrison, saying he disagrees with Hershey, commented: "I do not believe it was the in- tention of Congress to put the local selective service boards in the po- sition of being agricultural econo- mists." nation repatriation commission, sided with Poland and Czechoslo- vakia in a majority report that accused South Korea of control- ling compounds housing more than anti-Communist North Ko- rean and Chinese war prisoners. Only a small number of the anti- Red prisoners ever met Commu- nist persuasion teams in the 90- Modest Beginning Dulles said the United States sees greater promise for interna- tional atomic agreement in a modest beginning than in some grandiose plan, as he called it, for solving all atomic problems at once. He said he hoped the Soviet government also will accept that view. 3. Expressed hope that Israel and Jordan will hold a face-to-face meeting under their armistice agreement to eliminate points of friction between them. Dulles began his news conference with a discussion of the Commu- nist drive in Indochina. He said day explanation period. Those that (Continued on Page 14, Column 1.) did rejected return to their home- lands by an overwhelming major- ity. A minority report by Sweden If local boards act on the basis [and Switzerland blamed Commu- of what they read about farm sur-1 nist explanation teams for dragging pluses, he added, there could be a great disparity in opinions. out the interviews sometimes as long as five hours. Harrison had written Hershey; Pyun told a news conference in that "it was not my understand- ing that Congress intended to have local selective boards concern themselves with agricultural sur- pluses, or to use selective serv- ice as an instrument for agricul- tural production control." Harrison said in an interview that draft boards should base farm deferment decisions solely on whether the registrant is or is not necessary to farming. Hershey said he does not believe that Congress intended the supply status of a commodity should "be completely overlooked or ignored in the classification process." "Generally he said, "as the supply of a commodity increases and approaches the de- Seoul he did not know what went on behind the prison compounds in the neutral zone but added, "I do not think the Communist charges are fully founded." He said Communists were back- ing away from a Korean political conference because it would then make the release of unrepatriated prisoners on Jan. 22 "look like a faulty procedure." The Communist high command maintains that after a full 90 days of explanations any prisoners re- maining should be turned over to the political conference for disposi- tion. Negotiations toward setting up a political conference are at a standstill. The U. N. Command maintains mand for it, the need to defer men the armistice provides that all un- DULLES Men Sentenced For Trying to Blow Up Plane MEXICO CITY tf> A business man and an opera baritone were sentenced to prison Monday for trying to blow up an airplane in an attempt to collect on the life insurance of passengers. Emilio Arellano, the businessman got 30 years on charges of at- tempted homicide the maximum, sentence. Francisco Sierra, the bar- itone and husband of Esperanza Iris, an actress, was sentenced to eight years as an accomplice. The bomb, hidden in a suitcase, was placed aboard the Oaxca- bound plane of Compania Mexi- cana de Aviacion, a Pan American World Airways affiliate, in Sep- tember, 1952, The explosion short> after takeoff blew a hole to produce it, lessens. j repatriated POWs be released the fuselage. "This does not mean that if the civilians Jan. days after the I Several of the 20 passengers supply equals the demand, or even explanation period ended Dec. 23, exceeds it, that deferments are not! Pyun said he doubted the sin- warranted; nor does it mean thaticerity of "an Indian :he same individuals will remain! apparently Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimay- n continuous deferment. "What I wish to make clear is hat while i believe the supply level s a factor in arriving at classifi- cations, it is not the primary or I Thimayya said India 1 would lose legal custody of the prisoners after Jan. 22. Thimayya is chairman of the NNRC. Pyun declared he was certain conclusive factor, and it is only I the United N, Command vhen so employed that difficulty i and South Korea will stand by "the Jan, 22 release date. aboard were injured, but the pilot managed to land safely. Police said seven of the passen- gers had been hired for fictitious jobs in Oaxaca. They said Arel- lano bought their tickets and life insurance policies totaling 000. Some of the policies, they added, nahied friends of Sierra as beneficiaries. The seven carried engraved gifts which would have aided in identifying them. ;