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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 29, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Colder Tonight and Saturday Republican-Herald Want Ads Get RESULTS VOLUME 50, NO. 266 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 29, 1950 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FOURTEEN PAGES EDS PUNC LES INTO U. N. LINE TODAY- Way Out Of Korea Sought By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington It is a bitter fact to have to record, but it is still a fact, that an actual major- ity of the American planners and policy-makers now probably hope that our beachhead in Korea will prove untenable. We are to be "pushed out" by the new Chinese offensive, and we are to evacuate "with but this is consider- ed preferable t" holding our ground. The practical reasons for wanting our troops out of Korea at this time are obvious enough. Ja- pan, which has vastly more strat- egic importance than Korea, is de- nuded. An adequate garrison must be re-established in Japan. The di- visions to do this are in Korea. Europe, which has still more strategic importance than any point in Asia, is obviously threat- ened with aggression in the spring. New American divisions must somehow be created, if we are to hold even our minimum bases overseas. As recently as six weeks ago. the training of even one ad- ditional division was being put off by the Army fie'.d forces, because the training cadges were also in Korea. Russia Ready for War What is less obvious is why, if these needs are now so urgent, we ever sent our men into Korea in the first place. But the answer to this question is also rather simple, if you remember the contempor- ary atmosphere. In effect, the purpose of the in- tervention of Korea was to pre- vent a genural war. The American policy makers were convinced that the Soviet Union did not want to run the risk of a general war beginning in Korea. But they were also convinced that the Korean ag- gression was the first part of a long program of similar aggression which, if continued, would lead to a Munich-like situation. On these assumptions, the best course was to stop the Soviet pro- gram in Korea, much as Hitler Truman Flays Hoover; Dulles To Join Debate Republican Leader Plans Foreign Policy Address Tonight President Truman talks with Mrs. Eleanor Wilson McAdoo, daughter of the late President Wilson, in a White House office as the President was notified that he will receive the Woodrow Wilson award lor distinguished service on January 10, 1950. Louis D. Brownlow, at the left, and Mr. Swetzer, repre- senting the directors of the Woodrow Wilson Foundation, stand behind the President and Mrs. McAdoo. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Doctors Under 50 Must Register For Draft Jan. 15 Washington Virtually all of the nation's physicians, dentists and veterinarians less than 50 years old and not already regis- tered must sign up for the draft Peace to War Switch Speeded government cut down sharply today on money available for private loans and forged strong new links for harnessing the national economy more firmly to the defense drive. A Federal Reserve board order to its member banks called for freezing out of the loan market. The board said its action would cut off a potential further increase of in the already record-high volume of bank loans. This on January 15. is because banks could have lent Draft Director Lewis B. two Billion dollars over and who announced the medical call-1 over aSain- up last night, estimated some j The Economic Stabilization agen- 000 medical men must register, j cy (ESA) announced that it will have challenged in the Dr. Richard L. Meiling, director of open 13 regional offices "to handle wage a step medical service for the Defense de- partment, said about doctors will be needed to care for the mil- itary establishment of now being planned. Dr. Meiling grouped doctors in- to four priority classes. Nearly all those in the first 'priority group, he said will probably be called with- in the next six months. They are men who received their training at. government expense in the World j War II training program, or who j apparently paving the way for stricter controls expected later. The National Production author- ity (NPA) decreed that the U. S. will take over immediately as sole importer and distributor of natural rubber. Since it already controls synthetic production this move puts the government in virtual con- trol of all rubber. Ban on Hoarding NPA announced new move were deferred to complete their ed- 1 last night only a fev. hours after ucation, and served less than 90 i it had forbidden hoarding of 55 es- The Red premier-foreign minis- President emphasized the point by days. Rhineland or in Austria, before the Munich stage was reached. This was why the decision to intervene was made. If Stalin's mind could have been read in July, it is quite likely that all the reasons for this decision would have been found to be correct. U. S. 111.Prepared At some moment, however, prob- ably after the Korean fighting had disclosed the true extent of Ameri- can disarmament, the masters of the Kremlin concluded they were willing to risk a general war after all. Furthermore, they greatly contracted the whole timetable of their immense imperialist pro- gram. These are the obvious mean- ings of the peculiarly timed Chi- nese intervention, which has creat- ed a world situation rather like the situation after the Nazi con- quest of Poland, but before the phoney war ended in the grand as- sault on France. Because of this new develop- j ment. the former assumptions of wno did not" serve in World War i ness firms, ov to individuals who our policy have now been utterly jj or since, exploded. The intervention in Ko-' rea hns now utterly failed of its preventive purpose. Even if, by went efforts, we could reconquer i the lost part of Korea, this distant j Dr. Meiling said only aliens and Reds Seize U. S. Property In China j President Tru- j I man's comment that the nation is I going to steer clear of isolation- j ism set the stage today for He-1 I publican John Foster Dulles to join j I the "great national debate" on j i foreign policy. j Mr. Truman at his news confer- j ence yesterday pinned the isola- j tionist label on former President! Herbert Hoover's proposal to con- j centrate on Western hemisphere de- fense until Western Europe dem- onstrates it has the will and abil- lity to meet Communist aggression. j Dulles, announcing in advance j that he agrees with much Mr. Hoover said, is scheduled to state his own views tonight (7 p. m. C.S.T.) in an address at New York to the American association for the United Nations. Dulles, adviser to Secretary of State Acheson, said however ho would express a view- point "somewhat different" from Hoover's. In a telegram to Hoover, Dulles said he regretted his speech had been billed in advance as a reply to the former president. He ex- plained his purpose was to make a contribution to the "great national debate upon the grave issues of our time." I Guy Gabrielson, Republican na-j tional chairman, said the former j New York senator had consulted I neither congressional Republican j leaders nor the G. 0. P. national committee. He said Dulles there- fore would speak either as an in- dividual or as Achcson's adviser, but not for the Republican party. Mr. Truman spoke out bluntly when he was asked at his news conference to comment on Hoov- er's address, which had expressed views endorsed by many Republi- j countries, cans in Congress. Hoover's broadcast address De- cember 20 proposed that the U. S. quit sending men and money until the Western Europeans themselves j Western nations." Now, he added, raise an Army big enough "to America and other nations should j erect a sure dam against the Red flood." Hoover also urged the na- tion to concentrate on turning the Western hemisphere into a "Gi- braltar" with defense frontiers ex- tending from Britain to Japan. Miss Jeannine Holland of Houston, Texas, was crowned 1951 "maid of cotton" at Memphis, Tenn., and will make a six-month tour to promote the fiber. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Wiley Suggests U. S. Promote Red Revolt By Edwin B. Haakinson Senator Wiley (R.-Wis.) urged today that the United States provide arms, sabotage materials, money and encourage- ment to underground groups inside Russia and Communist satellite countries. Wiley, second ranking Republican on the Senate foreign relations committee, said in a statement that Russian and Communist leaders have been trying for many years to "foment revolutions within the Andresen Seeks Ban on Selling Mr. Truman ft is ary program against Communism j Af AIA A nnfrrin a filfA- T-ood it' rn-, iilTir ____1J TCI 4-ti ft nl-_ I I I Ml 11 I I I I Hong Chi- j Asked whether he considered the give the Communists "a taste of 11 their own vile medicine." j "All we need to stir up plenty of j trouble in Russia, China and else-i where is some daring .-----9 i WJ1CU1CI 1JC ljuilaiUCI CU U1C na yesterday seized all U n i t e d j recommendations to be "isolation- !Wllev sald- A counter-revolution-j said today. the helping radio I nothinS else; read it carefully. tne .eipmg radio, that {he country back to that, the After is not going would not cost a drop in the buck-1 sential materials, including ter, Chou En-lai, announced the saying you can bet on it. They are among doctors lumber and paper. An NPA spokes-1 jn retaliation for similar registered in the first medical call j man interpreted the latter ban to last October 16. j apply to newsprint. Dr. Meiling said the second pri-1 The Federal Reserve U. S. action on December 16. He To another question, he said he j would have to make a long speech to explain what would happen to board's called the United States' action an I Europe under Hoover's ideas. ority group embraces doctors with; credit curb action was announced "attempt to loot the Chinese peo-i Senators Sparkman (D.-Ala.) the same qualifications as the first I last night after banks had closed, i pje Of their property group, but who served between SO j Today the board called on indus-j days and 21 months. He predicted try for more rapid switchover from I IA and i Mr. Morse (R.-Ore.) lined up in Truman's corner regarding some of them will be calfed. They j civilian .to defense production, j official in Washington estimated j "I corn- also are registered. The board's money freeze means j the seizures would total "consid- j pletely disagree with the Presi- third group contains doctors there will be less to lend to busi-1 erably less than He dent." id not serve in World War j ness firms, ov to individuals who !__._, _____... i Watk; since. I want to buy houses, autos, televi- In the four'.h group are war vet-1 sion sets, furniture, stock market i .j ld' in Chi-: Watkins added: "It's not isola- .1 tionism'at all, but realism. The erans. These two groups are the ones securities, or anything else. There was nothing in the order itself those to raise .interest rates for j i, -a A i i. na was seized when the Reds took, President is tr'ying to. answer Mr. over in 1949.) I Hoover with a smear word iso- An_ translation of lationism and it is not a very dignified thing for the President of Chou's order follows: who manage to get loans.! "i. The local people's govern- penmsula is still not the place doctors who are regulars in the I Neither was there anything to pre- j ment shall control and inventory vhcre we ought to invest our mam I armed services or who are reserve vent banks from raising those property of American govern- our supposed European Allies are the United States to do. "Mr. Hoover said in effect that w. tin. l wu.iii.,, 'till piupcl ly UJ. rtUiCi ivilll gUVKlIi-jUUl JJULUyCall Uleb d I C ow that general war is j medical officers will not have to: rates, although officials -did not ex-, ment and American enterprises, j running out on us. Let the Presi- nt danger and even a i register next month. General Her-j pect a rate rise. Thev mav not be transferred or dent answer that. Let him tell the strpn.qth. now an imminent clanger ana even a i register strong, early probability. Thus the shey immediately sent telegrams change in view of the policy-mak- state selective service direc- ers is seen to be logical. What is still less obvious, how- j 15 registration, ever, is why our troops have not j been recalled already, since this; tors alerting them for the January Raise Reserve Limits The board's freeze was effected by raising "reserve requirements" the proportion of deposits that member banks are required to post disposed of unless authorized by the military and administrative commissions. In case of provinces and municipalities which are un- der the direct jurisdiction of the change of view has thus occurred, j Theft of Payroll Unnecessary less of life will be the i bank deposits and loans, although Minneapolis D e p u t y constitute a minority of the I Sheriff Al Turner said Fredench nation's banks G. Stroth admitted stealing and cashing payroll checks for more j than when they arrested him I at a hotel here on a Ramsey coun- i ty abandonment charge. Checks j were found in a search of his room after he at first denied the aban- j with Federal -Reserve authorities central people's government, such as nonlendable reserves. i transfers and disposals should, on- Reserve system member banks I ly be authorized by the financial count for the great bulk of L. S. commission of the I and economic commission of the state council. The owners and those in charge of the property ss. It is up to i De responsible for protection state banking authorities whether properties and shall in no to apply a similar freeze to the i W2y cause'damage to them, remaining banks. All American public and The board's crack-down on its i married. private deposits within the terri- tory of the people's republic of Chi- ai ui-si Denied me anan -whlcil WlU cut bank Profits b? i na "shall be frozen. Necessary ex- charge was not cuinng JUlelr lend'ng capacity to maintain lawful mer- cnarge, ne not to coaceding for (Continued on Page 9, Column ALSOPS 1 Kiiledr'5 Hurt In Boiler Blast Minneapolis One man was killed and five others were injured today in a boiler explosion in the basement of the Lumber Exchange building, a downtown office build- The dead man wss not identified mMmum, 11; i they have invested huge sums, in i nchesofoTand foamite which lnoon- 12; Precipitation, none: sun! order to get the extra cash they firemen oourcd into the basement isets toniSht at suu rises to-! will be required to post or to M baSement i morrow at _________ j raise cash for making loans that American people what the nations of Europe are planning to do in the way of defending themselves." Two Men Killed In Tanker Blast Miami, Fla. Two explo- sions and a fire aboard the tanker SS Sinclair HC about 8C miles south of Miami last night cost the lives of two crewmen. The explosions occurred in a now spend." j No Legislation Needed i He told a reporter later that his By Richard P. Powers A.P. Special Washington Service Skirmishing All Along New Defense Line General Ridgway Clamps Censorship On Troop Moves Korean U. S. Eighth army spokesman said tonight that a sudden enemy attack through I the east central sector the Al- lied defense line "can now be said to be contained.'' The spokesman said the attack was made yesterday by North Korean troops. He said they penetrated three miles through United Nations positions northeast of Chuncon. He blamed "communications dif- ficulties" for an earlier report that the enemy had driven eight to 16 miles below the 38th parallel. The spokesman said the "situa- tion is and added, "there is a dent in our line" extending four or five miles be- low the 38th parallel in a limited sector. "But our forces have been coun- terattacking steadily and the at- tack can now be said to be con- tained." U.N. Forces Pull Back Ten Miles By Oltn Cltmenti Tokyo Massed Red man- power drove United Nations forces back up to 10 miles today in the eastern sector of the Korean war- front. There was skirmishing ill along the defense line. Lieutenant General Matthew B. Ridgway, U. S. Eighth army commander, expressed "complete confidence in the .ultimate suc- cess" of the .United Nations effort in Korea. General MacArthur said two Red regiments seized high ground northwest of Oron, 35 miles inland from the Sea of Japan coast and about ten miles south of parallel 38. Another thrust rolled Allied forces back southeast of Yongpo, 13 miles due east of Oron. MacArthur said the Reds were active in almost all sectors across Korea's waist. He reported to Reds were massed west of the frozen Imjin river. Another concentration was spotted south of Yonchon, in the central sector. Korean Ltad Korean Reds were in the fore- i front of the enemy action. Behind them were hordes Chinese. Mac- Arthur estimated Thursday that more than Reds Chi- nese and North Korean were poised in Korea and Manchuria to strike Allied forces. U. N. warplanes struck the ene- proposals would require no addi- fight is about to resume again, tional legislation or appropriations j Representative August H. Andre- Washington The butter- j my all along the frigid front and by Congress. The Wisconsin senator proposed that America set up a world-wide revolutionary movement against Communism patterned upon "the Cominform the Communist In- ternational." Declaring There is scarcely a family in Russia that hasn't had a member or relative liquidated or forced into slave Wiley said both that country and Communist China would be fertile fields for a "commando-type program of psychological and revolutionary penetration." He cited Chinese Nationalist re- ports that there are "a million guerrillas" already in combat on the Communist-controlled Chinese mainland. President Truman was asked at his news conference yesterday if I there was any consideration of aid- There was nothing to show it was ing Nationalist forces on Formosa not butter. stage an attack or help anti-Corn-1 "I called the proprietor in each I munist guerrillas in China. He I case. All admitted they were vio- jlating the law, but all of them I said everybody else was doing it. sen (R.-Minn.) said today he will introduce legislation to prohibit sale of colored margarine. He told a reporter there are "flagrant violations" of the law ef- fective last July 1, which ended the 64-year-old federal taxes on margarine and stipulates that res- taurants serving margarine must make this plain to customers. Restaurants and other public eating places are required to dis- play a card saying that margarine at his supply lines from Manchu ria. Observation planes spotted camouflaged vehicles in the for- ward areas. MacArthur said the assault in the Yongpo area began lightly, with U. N. troops dispersing 100 Reds in the initial attack. Later, a regiment of Communists was thrown at the Allied troops and ground was lost, A briefing officer at U. S. Eighth army headquarters said one Allied unit was thrown back ten miles. Another battalion lost three miles. Chintse Moving Up Air observers reported mounting is being served. In addition, the evidence of Chinese and North Ko- margarine must be in triangular rean f0rces moving up toward the pats or each pat must, be labeled to show its origin. Oleo Served But Andresen reported: "I went into three restaurants, batilezone. Ridgway, imposed tight restric- tions on pinpointing any units of his huge force at this time. While the lid was screwed a lit- all within a stone's throw of my tie tighter on news in Korea by office up here at the Capitol, and j the Allied command, the Red radio all were serving oleo as butter, i at Pyongyang broadcast thatUnited I said he could not comment. Urges Board of Strategy Wiley suggested setting up WEATHER i board efforts to get banks to hold down lending voluntarily. Take Risk chants and the living of individuals I small pump room on the upper may only be withdrawn upon ap- jproval by the local people's gov- ernment. The amounts are to be The board took some important by the financial and eco- i risks in ordering the crack-down. LOCAL WEATHER 1 The most vital one was that Official observations for the 24; banks might dump on the market' hours ending at 12 m. today: government securities, in which nomic commission Of the s t a t e deck and was of "unknown according to a report to the Coast Guard. "In the District of Columbia, for "board of revolutionary strategy" j example, I would estimate that to aid guerrilla action and encour- age sabotage within the Iron Cur- tain countries. Such a board, he said, should include military experts on guer- rilla warfare, tactics, and racial groups, and should be on the high- est policy level with the State de- partment, central intelligence One explosion occurred at agency and the joint chiefs of staff. p.m. and the other at p.m., to extinguish the oil fire. The six injured were taken to General hospital. They are John W. Clark. Francis Guertin. Harold 0. Jones. Edwin Kubes. Kenneth Crey and Clifford Matson, all of Minneapolis. FEDERAL FORECAST pay higher interest 3 separate order." j the Coast Guard said. The explo- it was not clear whether the! sions filled the small room with "separate order" would te a gen- live steam. on all U. S. assets or The dead were identified as: separately with each Cecil E. De Moss 38, Houston, Texas, pump man second class, Sentiment here generally was) who-died at p.m. aboard the that the seizure perhaps w o u 1 d I SS Sinclair HC, and Winona and vicinity-Clearing; Another risk was that many comrje7e the drivuTg trom chi- and colder tonight. Lowest zero in banks might resign their member-: aa missionary establishments SWp sys-j s_ oi, cornpanies and the Amer- urday partly cloudy, highest IS. (Continjed on Page 6-) ican.fjaanced Shanghai Utilities Additional weather on page 12. f PEACE Company. Ernest Strickland, 42, of Jackson- ville, Fla.. who died at a.m. aboard a health service boat which had just reached harbor at Miami. Both Jnen were married. Conceding that some Americans "mav be squeamish" about such bold "steps because they fear it might "provoke the Wil- ey told a reporter "there is noth- ing that will provoke Russia more than our own weakness, our pussy- footing and our stupidity. "The time is overdue for us to stop following a mere pantywaist three-fourths of the restaurants are serving oleo without proper iden- tification.' The Minnesotan said this was Nations forces had suffered losses of men and war materiel in the Kangwon area on December 24 and 25. "The people's forces operating in the Kangwon province inflicted blows upon the enemy's powerful units in the area south of the 38th parallel on December 24 and 25 with immense the ra- dio said. 'According to a part of the war most prevalent in the small eating records, our forces inflicted about places and was not generally prac-i 320 casualties upon the enemy ticed in the big hotels and larger forces and captured about 310 restaurants. troops in the said actions." Andresen said he will ask the U. S. House agriculture committee, of MacArthur quoted the enemy re- which he is a member, to hold a port in his communique, hearing on the measure he intends j U. S. Far East Air Forces and Fifth Air Force fighters and bomb- ers kept plugging at the Commu- the nists near the Red front. Towns to introduce. Shipment Banned The committee sided with butter interests in part in the pres- harboring enemy men and supplies ent Congress. It voted 14 to 13 to were blasted in North Korea, repeal the federal taxes on mar- Speedy American jets knocked garine but to prohibit interstate shipment of colored margarine. diplomacy a mere wordy Voice! The House and Senate, however, of America program. Hand gre- nades talk louder than hand ap- plause." in adopting the repealer, knocked out the prohibition against inter- state shipments. down one Russian made MIG-35 and damaged two others in en- counters in far northwest Korea, near Manchuria. All American planes returned safely to their bases. ;